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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878891

ABSTRACT

A high performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector combined with electrospray ionization ion trap time-of-flight multistage mass spectrometry(HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MS~n, HPLC-MS~n) method was established for qualitative analysis of the chemical components of ethyl acetate extract from Sinopodophylli Fructus. The analysis was performed on a Kromasil 100-5 C_(18)(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) column, with a mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid(A) and acetonitrile(B) for gradient at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1). Electrospray ionization ion trap time-of-flight multistage mass spectrometry was applied for qualitative analysis under positive and negative ion modes. With use of reference substance, characteristic fragmentation and their HR-MS data, 102 components were identified, including 67 flavonoids and 35 lignans. Among them, 45 compounds were reported in Sinopodophylli Fructus for the first time and 19 compounds were identified as new compounds. PharmMapper was used to predict the bioactivity of compounds that were first reported in Sinopodophylli Fructus, and 20 compounds of them were identified to have potential anticancer activity. The results showed that there were many isomers in the ethyl acetate extract of Folium Nelumbinis, and a total of 19 groups of isomers were found. Among them, C_(21)H_(20)O_8 had the highest number of isomers(18 compounds), all of which were α-peltatin or its isomers; C_(21)H_(20)O_7 ranked second, with 10 compounds, all of which were 8-prenylquercetin-3-methyl ether or its isomers. In conclusion, an HPLC-MS~n method was established for qualitative analysis of the ethyl acetate extract(with anti-breast cancer activity) from Sinopodophylli Fructus in this study, which will provide the evidence for clarifying pharmacological active ingredients of the ethyl acetate extract from Sinopodophylli Fructus against breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Fruit , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for qualitative analysis of components in Perilla frutescens leaves and stalks by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS),so as to explore the substance basis of pharmacodynamics differences between P.frutescens leaves and stalks.Method:P. frutescens leaves and stalks were extracted by 80% methanol-water ultrasound. The samples were analyzed by UPLC-Q-Exactive-Orbitrap-MS comprehensively. Halo-C18 column (2.1 mm×100 mm,2.7 μm) was used for gradient elution with 0.05% formic acid aqueous-0.05% acetonitrile formate as mobile phase in positive and negative ion modes. The flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1,the column temperature was 40 ℃,and the injection volume was 5 μL.Result:The chemical compound in P. frutescens was deduced and identified based on the retention time of chromatography,and the exact molecular weight,excimer ion peaks,fragment ions and reference materials in Xcalibur software. The chemical composition of P. frutescens was identified by Mass Frontier 7.0 software. Totally 4 amino acids,7 phenylpropanoids,10 flavonoids,12 triterpenoids,7 organic acids,4 fatty acids,10 unknown compounds and 54 compounds were identified. Among them,6 triterpene acids, including glochidone, were identified in P. frutescens for the first time. The structures of five characteristic compounds were analyzed. There were 45 constituents in P.frutescens leaves and 32 constituents in P. frutescens stalks. They had 23 common constituents.Conclusion:LC-MS can identify the components of P. frutescens rapidly and effectively. This study provides an important theoretical basis for the quality control of different parts of P. frutescens and the development and utilization of P. frutescens.

3.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 510-518, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the pharmacodynamic effects of Mahuang Xixin Fuzi Decoction (MXF) on mice with kidney-yang deficiency, its toxic effects on normal mice and effect-toxic mechanism. METHODS: BABL/C male mice were randomly divided into normal groups; normal groups with low, medium and high toxicity; kidney Yang deficiency model group. The low, medium and high dose groups were treated with infected Influenza virus of kidney-yang deficiency. After continuous gavage for 6 days, the body weight anal temperature and other pharmacological indicators were recorded, and the general signs, biochemical indicators and inflammatory factors of the mice were detected. RESULTS: Compared with the normal group, the biochemical parameters of the kidney yang deficiency model group, which means the creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase-isoenzyme (CK-MB), alpha-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (α-HBDH), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate transferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and urea (urea) were significantly increased (P<0.05), inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte deproteinization protein (MCP-1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-10 (IL- 10), interferon-γ (INF-γ) and interleukin 12 (IL-12p70) increased significantly (P<0.05). After administration, the levels of biochemical markers such as CK, ALT and urea in each administration groups were slightly reduced compared with the model group. The levels of inflammatory factors such as IL-6, IL-10 and IFN-γ in each administration groups showed different degrees of callback compared with the model group. In the toxicity study, the biochemical indicators of CK, urea, and cysteine (CYS-C) in each drug-administered group were significantly higher than those in the normal group (P<0.05), and the inflammatory factor interleukin-10 (IL-10) increased significantly, and the content of interleukin-12 (IL-12p70) decreased significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: After treatment with MXF, the above biochemical indicators of mice with kidney yang deficiency and external sensation have different degrees of callback. MXF can achieve therapeutic effects by regulating IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ, MCP-1, TNF-α and other factors on the body′s inflammatory response. While normal mice give different doses of MXF, the heart, liver and kidney function are dysfunctional, the balance of immune response of the body are broken through cell transfer, thus making normal mouse developed an inflammatory response.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771735

ABSTRACT

To compare the quality difference between Mahuang Xixin Fuzi decoction(MXF) prepared by traditional decocting method and that prepared by two commonly used decocting methods, and explore the scientific nature of the traditional decocting method. By taking effect-toxic components in MXF as the research object, this article investigated these three different decocting methods from the quantitative determination of effect-toxic components in MXF. By using multivariate statistical analysis methods, three characteristic constituents were identified as kakoul, mesaconitine (MA) and hypaconitine (HA) respectively. As compared with two commonly used decocting methods, MXF decoction prepared by traditional decocting method had the shortest boiling time, but with the lowest dissolution rates of MA and AC and the higher dissolution rates of mono-ester aconitum alkaloids. In addition, the traditional decocting method increased the dissolution of ephedra alkaloid and accelerated the hydrolysis of diester diterpenoid alkaloids. There were differences in the content of effect-toxic components in MXF decoctions prepared by three different decocting methods, which can provide a reference for use of the classical prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chemistry , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Plant Extracts , Chemistry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776413

ABSTRACT

This experiment was performed to analyze and identify the chemical constituents of Sinopodophylli Fructus by HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MSn. The analysis was performed on an Agilent Zorbax SB-C₁₈ (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) column.The mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid was used for gradient at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min⁻¹. Electrospray ionization ion trap time-of-flight multistage mass spectrometry was applied for qualitative analysis under positive and negative ion modes. The results indicated that 54 compounds consisted of 18 lignans and 36 flavonoids from Xiaoyelian had been detected by their HRMS data, the information of literature and reference substance. Among them, 27 compounds were reported in Sinopodophylli Fructus for the first time. In conclusion, an HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MSn method was established to qualitative analysis of Xiaoyelian in this study, which will provide the evidence for evaluating the quality of Xiaoyelian herbs, clarifying the mechanism, and guiding the development of pharmacological active ingredients.


Subject(s)
Berberidaceae , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Fruit , Chemistry , Lignans , Phytochemicals , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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