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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1349-1357, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980848

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Dysfunction of the gap junction channel protein connexin 43 (Cx43) contributes to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced ventricular arrhythmias. Cx43 can be regulated by small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) modification. Protein inhibitor of activated STAT Y (PIASy) is an E3 SUMO ligase for its target proteins. However, whether Cx43 is a target protein of PIASy and whether Cx43 SUMOylation plays a role in I/R-induced arrhythmias are largely unknown.@*METHODS@#Male Sprague-Dawley rats were infected with PIASy short hairpin ribonucleic acid (shRNA) using recombinant adeno-associated virus subtype 9 (rAAV9). Two weeks later, the rats were subjected to 45 min of left coronary artery occlusion followed by 2 h reperfusion. Electrocardiogram was recorded to assess arrhythmias. Rat ventricular tissues were collected for molecular biological measurements.@*RESULTS@#Following 45 min of ischemia, QRS duration and QTc intervals statistically significantly increased, but these values decreased after transfecting PIASy shRNA. PIASy downregulation ameliorated ventricular arrhythmias induced by myocardial I/R, as evidenced by the decreased incidence of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation, and reduced arrythmia score. In addition, myocardial I/R statistically significantly induced PIASy expression and Cx43 SUMOylation, accompanied by reduced Cx43 phosphorylation and plakophilin 2 (PKP2) expression. Moreover, PIASy downregulation remarkably reduced Cx43 SUMOylation, accompanied by increased Cx43 phosphorylation and PKP2 expression after I/R.@*CONCLUSION@#PIASy downregulation inhibited Cx43 SUMOylation and increased PKP2 expression, thereby improving ventricular arrhythmias in ischemic/reperfused rats heart.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Connexin 43/genetics , Sumoylation , Down-Regulation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Myocardial Ischemia/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism
2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 638-640, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909376

ABSTRACT

In recent years, point of care ultrasound (POCUS) has developed rapidly in the fields of anesthesia and critical care. POCUS is widely used in clinic to monitor the function of human tissues and organs such as the heart, lungs, and diaphragm due to its visual, non-invasive, portable, and repeatable characters at the bedside. Diaphragm is an important structure to maintain respiratory function. Diaphragm paralysis or dysfunction can cause a significant decrease in inspiratory function. The patient's diaphragm function can be assessed through monitoring diaphragm thickness and activity by POCUS, and combined with other clinical indicators, the patient's recovery of respiratory function can be comprehensively evaluated, and rapidly identify the pathological conditions, such as diaphragm paralysis, diaphragm atrophy, diaphragmatic hypoplasia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Dynamic evaluation of the process from diaphragmatic dysfunction to recovery can provide guidance for weaning and extubation, and real-time feedback on the treatment effect. This article reviews the ultrasound evaluation methods and clinical applications to the diaphragm, in order to guide clinicians to use relevant indicators to comprehensively evaluate the structure and function of the diaphragm, and then diagnose and treat diaphragm dysfunction, which may help making clinical decision.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 873-876, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866930

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory response is an effective host defense mechanism to eliminate pathogens at the site of infection. The regression phase of inflammation mainly maintains the stable environment in tissues. Pro-inflammatory regression mediators (SPMs) are endogenous anti-inflammatory molecules, which play an important role in reducing excessive tissue damage and chronic inflammation. This paper reviews the interaction between SPMs and immune cells in inflammatory sites. By reviewing the relevant literature, it was found that SPMs regulate the components of innate and adaptive immune system, including neutrophils, macrophages, innate lymphocytes, natural killer cells and T cells.

4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 874-877, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709892

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of resuscitation with Ringer′s malate solution on acute lung injury caused by hemorrhagic shock in rats. Methods Forty-eight SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7-9 weeks, weighing 280-320 g, were assigned into 4 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), normal saline group (group NS), Ringer′s lac-tate solution group ( group RL) and Ringer′s malate solution group ( group RM). In NS, RL and RM groups, the model of hemorrhagic shock was established, and rats were resuscitated after 60 min of hemor-rhagic shock. Rats were sacrificed at 3 h after resuscitation, and bronchial alveolar lavage fluid ( BALF) was collected to count neutrophils. Lung tissues were obtained for determination of the wet∕dry weight ratio (W∕D ratio), myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and contents of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-6. Lung tissues were obtained for examination of the pathological changes. Results Compared with group S, the neutrophil count in BALF, W∕D ratio, MPO activity and contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 were significantly increased in NS, RL and RM groups ( P<0. 05). Compared with NS and RL groups, the neutrophil count in BALF, W∕D ratio, MPO activity and contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 were significantly decreased in NS and RL groups (P<0. 05). Conclusion The severity of acute lung injury is reduced when Ringer′s malate solution is used for resuscitation as compared with that when normal saline and Ringer′s lactate solution are used in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1355-1359, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732900

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of Protectin DX(PDX) on acute liver injury(ALI) induced by sepsis in mice and the underlying mechanism. Methods Mice received cecum ligation and puncture(CLP) to induce sepsis-associated acute liver injury. Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly (random number) divided into 3 groups (n=10 each group): (1) sham group (S group), (2) CLP group and (3) CLP +PDX group (PDX group ). Mice in the PDX group were received PDX 1 μg (intraperitoneal injection). One hour after CLP operation, mice in the S and CLP groups were received equal amounts of saline. The serum and liver tissues were collected at 24 h after CLP. The histological changes of the liver were observed by HE staining. The ALT and AST levels in the serum were assessed by using the automatic biochemical analyzer. The levels of cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IFN-γ and IL-10) in the serum were quantified by ELISA. MPO activity in the liver tissues were assessed. Western blot was used to detect the expression of pNF-kB p65 and NF-kB p65 in liver tissues. Results Compared with the S group, HE staining in the CLP group showed disordered hepatic cords, hepatocyte swelling and necrosis, infiltrations of inflammatory cells, congestion and bleeding, and the score of liver injury was increased significantly (P<0.05). Levels of ALT, AST, TNF-α, IL-6, IFN-γ, and IL-10 were increased in the CLP group (P<0.05). The activities of NF-κB and MPO in the liver tissues were obviously enhanced (P<0.05). The levels of liver injury, cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IFN-γ), MPO and activities of NF-κB in the CLP+PDX group were significantly decreased when compared with those in the CLP group (P<0.05),while the concentration of IL-10 was significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusions PDX can alleviate sepsis-induced acute liver injury through inhibiting NF-KB activity in the liver tissues.

6.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 881-886, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743191

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of erlotinib in the expression of surfactant protein A (SP-A) in LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI) of mice model.Methods C57BL/6 mice were randomly (random number)divided into control group (n=6),ER group (n=6),LPS group (n=6),and ER+LPS group (n=6).In the LPS group,2 mg/kg LPS was instilled into trachea of mice to induce lung injury.In control group,normal saline was instilled into trachea of mice instead.In the ER+LPS group and ER group,100 mg/kg of edotinib was instilled into stomach of mice,and one hour later.2 mg/kg LPS was instilled into trachea of mice in ER+PLS group to induce lung injury.Twenty-four hours later,bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung tissue of mice in four groups were collected.HE staining were used for evaluating pathological changes of lung injury.Lung wet/dry weight ratio,protein concentrations and total cell numbers in the BALF were measured to determine the degree of pulmonary edema.Immunohistochemical staining and Western Blot were used for testing the protein expression of SP-A,Data of multiple groups were analyzed by one way variance (ANOVA) and inter-group comparisons were made by the least significant difference (LSD) tests.Results There was no significant difference in lung injury score (LIS) between control group (0.056±0.008) and ER (0.064±0.037) group,The LIS in LPS group (0.846-±0.047) was higher than that in control group,however the LIS in ER+LPS group (0.279±0.020) was significant lower than that in LPS group (P < 0.05).Lung wet/dry weight,SP-A concentration and total cell numbers in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid revealed that the degree of pulmonary edema in LPS group was higher than that in control group,and this pulmonary edema was reversed by erlotinib treatment.Immunohistochemical staining and Western blot showed that the expression of SP-A in LPS group was decreased compared with control group,but it was recovered after erlotinib treatment (P < 0.05).Conclusions Erlotinib could protect the LPS-induced ALI,and it may be related to the regulation of SP-A.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 239-242, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513992

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the degree of liver injury during resuscitation with different crystalloid solutions in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock.Methods Forty-eight SPF healthy male SpragueDawley rats,aged 7-9 weeks,weighing 280-320 g,were assigned into 4 groups (n=12 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),normal saline group (group NS),Ringer's lactate solution group (group RL) and Ringer's malate solution group (group RM).Hemorrhagic shock was induced by withdrawing blood from the right internal jugular vein until mean arterial pressure was reduced to 35-45 mmHg which was maintained for 1 h.The internal jugular vein and artery were cannulated after anesthetization,but no animals were subjected to hemorrhage in group S.The crystalloid solution (2 times the volume of blood loss) was infused intravenously over 30 min starting from 1 h of shock.The animals were resuscitated with 0.9% sodium chloride solution in group NS,with Ringer's lactate solution in group RL,and with Ringer's malate solution in group RM.Mean arterial pressure was continuously monitored and recorded during the experiment.Before shock (T1),at 1 h of shock (T2) and at 4 h after resuscitation (T3),blood samples were collected from the right internal jugular vein for determination of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) concentrations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Rats were sacrificed at T3,and livers were removed for measurement of malondialdehyde (MDA) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in liver tissues (using colorimetric method) and for examination of pathological changes of liver tissues (with light microscope).Results Compared with group S,the serum ALT and AST concentrations at T2.3 and SOD activity and MDA content at T3 were significantly increased in NS,RL and RM groups (P<0.05).Compared with group NS or group RL,the serum ALT and AST concentrations were significantly decreased,the SOD activity was increased,and the MDA content was decreased at T3 (P<0.05),and the pathological changes of liver tissues were significantly attenuated in group RM.Conclusion Ringer's malate solution produces better efficacy than normal saline and Ringer's lactate solution when used for resuscitation and mitigating liver injury in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock.

8.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 377-381, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513067

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of calcineurin(CaN)in inflammatory pain in rats.Methods Seventy-five male Harlan-Sprague-Dawley rats,weighting of 200-300 g were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=25): group control (group C),group CFA (complete Freunds adjuvant) (group F) and group CaN+CFA (group NF).100 μl CFA were injected on the right hind claw preparaing for inflammatory pain models in groups F and NF,100 μl saline were injected on the right hind claw in group C.CaN 10 U was intracerebroventricular injected 1 d before CFA injection in group NF.Paw withdrawal thermal latency (PWTL) were measured in 30 min prior to (T0),0.5 h (T1),1 h (T2),2 h (T3) and 4 h (T4) after injection.The expression of CaN and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB),IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-10 in spinal cord were measured at each time point.Results The PWTL was significantly shorter at T2-T4 in group F,at T3,T4 in group NF than that at T0and in group C (P<0.05);The PWTL at T2-T4 in group NF was significantly longer than that in group F (P<0.05).CaN protein expression in spinal cord at T1-T4 in group F,at T2-T4 in group NF was significantly lower than that of T0 and in the group C,NF-κB p65 protein expression was significantly higher than that of T0 and in the group C (P<0.05).CaN gene and IL-10 protein content at T2-T4 in groups F and NF were significantly lower than that of group C and at T0,NF-κB gene and IL-1β,TNF-α protein content was significantly higher than that of group C and at T0 (P<0.05).CaN protein and CaN gene expression,IL-10 protein content in spinal cord tissue at T1-T4in group NF was significantly higher than that of group F,NF-κB p65 protein and NF-κB gene expression and contents of IL-1β,TNF-α protein were significantly lower than that of group F (P<0.05).Conclusion CaN adjusts pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines by reducing NF-κB and inhibiting the process of inflammatory pain in rats.

9.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 598-601, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618586

ABSTRACT

Objective To test the protective effect of a new Ringer's malate solution on intestine's apoptosis caused by hemorrhagic shock in rats.Methods Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley male rats, weighing 280-320 g, were randomly assigned into four groups: sham shock group (group SS), normal saline group (group NS), Ringer's lactate group (group RL) and Ringer's malate (group RM), n=12 each.The group SS was served as control group, the other groups were subjected to 60 min of hemorrhagic shock followed by crystalloid resuscitation.Those rats were sacrificed 3 h after resuscitation.Intestinal tissue was harvested to detect Bcl-2/Bax protein level, the bioactivity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) level.The level of intestinal cell apotosis was measured using TUNEL method and apoptosis index was calculated.The intestinal histopathology was examined.Results Compared with group SS, the expression of Bcl-2 and the bioactivity of SOD were lower, the level of Bax protein, MDA and apoptotic index were higher in groups NS, RL and RM (P<0.05).Compared with groups NS and RL, the expression of Bcl-2 and the bioactivity of SOD was higher, the level of Bax protein, MDA and apoptotic index were lower in group RM (P<0.05).Histopathological examination showed that group RM was better than group NS and group RL.Conclusion Ringer's malate alleviated intestinal apoptosis caused by hemorrhagic shock in rats.The study suggests that Ringer's malate solution could be a potential new therapeutic agent for fluid resuscitation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 325-329, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608338

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of spinal CX3C chemokine receptor 1 (CX3CR1) in inflammatory pain and the relationship with calmodulin (CaM)-calmodulin-dependent protein kinaseⅡ(CaMKⅡ) signaling pathways in mice.Methods Ninety-six pathogen-free healthy male C57BL6 mice,weighing 25-27 g,were divided into 3 groups using a random number table:control group (group C,n=30),inflammatory pain group (group IP,n=36) and CX3CR1 antagonist group (group CA,n=30).Inflammatory pain was induced by injecting complete Freund′s adjuvant (CFA) 50 μl into the plantar surface of right hind paws in IP and CA groups,while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group C.In group CA,CX3CR1 antagonist (diluted to 1 μg/5 μl in phosphate buffer solution) was intrathecally injected at 1 h before CFA injection.The thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) was measured at 30 min before CFA injection (T0) and 30 min,1 h,2 h and 4 h after CFA injection (T2-4).The animals were then sacrificed,and the spinal cord was removed for determination of the expression of phosphorylated CaMKⅡ (p-CaMKⅡ),phosphorylated cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (p-CREB) and c-fos (by Western blot) and expression of CaMKⅡ,CREB and c-fos mRNA (using real-time polymerase chain reaction).Immunofluorescence was used to determine that p-CAMKⅡ was expressed in microglia.Results Compared with group C,the TWL was significantly shortened at T2-4,and the expression of p-CaMKⅡ,p-CREB and c-fos protein and mRNA was up-regulated at T1-4 in IP and CA groups (P<0.05).Compared with group IP,the TWL was significantly prolonged at T2-4,and the expression of p-CaMKⅡ,p-CREB and c-fos protein and mRNA was down-regulated at T1-4 in group CA (P<0.05).p-CaMKⅡ was co-expressed with the microglial specific biomarker.Conclusion CX3CR1 is involved in the development and maintenance of inflammatory pain through activating CaM-CaMKⅡsignaling pathways in mice.

11.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 1207-1210, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694876

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of CaM/CaMK-Ⅱ signaling pathways in inflammatory pain in mice.Methods Sixty male C57BL6 mice,weighing 25-27 g,were randomly divided into 3 groups (n =20):control group (group C),complete freunds adjuvant (CFA) group (group F) and KN-93+CFA group (group KF).Saline 50 μl were injected into the right side of the claw in group C.CFA 50 μl were injected into the right claw foot for the preparation of inflammatory pain models in group F.KN-93 45 nmol was injected i.c.v.30 min before CFA injection in group KF.The thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured 30 min before injection,1 h and 4 h after injection.The protein expressions of CaMK-Ⅱ,c-fos and CREB in the spinal cord were measured at above time by Western blot.Results Compared with group C,TWL were lower in groups F and KF 1 h and 4 h after injection (P<0.05).Compared with groups F,TWL in group KF were higher 1 h and 4 h after injection (P<0.05).Compared with group C,the protein expressions of p-CaMK-Ⅱ,p-CREB,e-fos and mRNA expression of CaMK-Ⅱ,CREB,c-fos were higher in group F and KF 1 h and 4 h after injection (P<0.05).Compared with group F,the protein expression of p-CaMK-Ⅱ,p-CREB,c-fos and mRNA expressions of CaMK-Ⅱ,CREB,c-fos in group KF were lower 1 h and 4 h after injection (P<0.05).Conclusion CaM/CaMK-Ⅱ signaling pathways involved in inflammatory pain in mice.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 573-576, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493293

ABSTRACT

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients experiencing protective mechanical ventilation, is associated with a marked mortality reduction. However, the incidence of acute cor pulmonale (ACP) in ARDS patients has recently been reported to range between 22% and 25%, as well as a trend for higher mortality. Therefore, the mechanical ventilation strategy is proposed, not only based on the protection of the lung, but also focused on the impact on the right ventricle function. Currently, point-of-care ultrasound has been widely practiced in a variety of clinical setting, which plays more and more important role in the early detection and management of ARDS and its complications. A retrospective study concerning the incidence, pathophysiology and risk factors for ACP patients in ARDS was done to analysis the application of lung ultrasound and echocardiography combined with lung ultrasound in clinical hemodynamics monitoring, and so as to optimize the ventilation setting to protect the function of lung and right ventricle. Further exploration of effective improvement of the pulmonary vascular and right ventricle function the goal-directed ultrasound approach, and the diagnosis and treatment flow is expected.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 295-297, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493057

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of rosiglitazone on ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) in mice.Methods Twenty-four healthy male C57 mice,weighing 20-25 g,aged 6-8 weeks,were randomly divided into 3 groups (n =8 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S);group VALI;rosiglitazone group (group RGZ).The mice only underwent tracheotomy in group S.In group VALI,the mice were ventilated (respiratory rate 80 breaths/min,duration 4 h,tidal volume 40 ml/kg,fraction of inspired oxygen 21%,inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1:2,PEEP 0).In group RGZ,30 mg/kg rosiglitazone was given orally at 30 min before ventilation,and the other treatments were similar to those previously described in group VALI.At the end of ventilation,the mice were sacrificed,and the left lung was lavaged,and the broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for determination of neutrophil count.The pulmonary specimens were collected from the upper lobe of right lungs for microscopic examination of the pathological changes which were scored.The pulmonary specimens were obtained from the middle lobe of right lungs for measurement of the contents of interleukin-lbeta (IL-1β),tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α),high mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) and receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results Compared with group S,the neutrophil counts in BALF,contents of IL-1β,TNF-α,HMGB1 and RAGE,and lung injury score were significantly increased in VALI group (P<0.01),and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group RGZ (P>0.05).Compared with group VALI,the neutrophil counts in BALF,contents of IL-1β,TNF-α,HMGB1 and RAGE,and lung injury score were significantly decreased in group RGZ (P<0.01).Conclusion Rosiglitazone can mitigate VALI in mice.

14.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 366-370, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492091

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different doses of dexmedetomidine combined with propofol and remifentanil target controlled infusion (TCI) on postanesthesia recovery of patients in functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Methods Eighty ASA Ⅰor Ⅱ grade patients, scheduled for the endoscopic sinus surgery, were divided into control group (20 cases) and dexmedetomidine group (60 cases) according to the random digits table method. The patients in dexmedetomidine group were given loading dose dexmedetomidine 0.6 μg/kg, then were given dexmedetomidine of different maintenance doses:0.3 μg/(kg·h) in D1 group, 0.6 μg/(kg·h) in D2 group and 0.9 μg/(kg·h) in D3 group. The patients in dexmedetomidine group were given TCI propofol and remifentanil during the maintenance of general anesthesia, rocuronium was administrated intermittently during operation, and bispectral index (BIS) was controlled at 40 - 50. The changes of hemodynamics 5 - 10 min after entering operation room (T0), before induction (T1), 1 min after intubation (T2), 5 min after intubation (T3), before extubation (T4) and 5 min after extubation (T5) were observed. The spontaneous breathing recovery time, call of eye-opening time, extubation time and adverse reaction after surgery were recorded. Moreover, the visual analogue score (VAS) and Ramsay sedation score were used to evaluate the comfort level of patients. Results The mean arterial pressure (MAP) at T5 in control group and D1 group were significantly higher that in D2 group and D3 group, and there were statistical differences (P0.05). The VAS 15 min after extubation in D1 - D3 group were significantly lower than that in control group: (3.7 ± 0.3), (3.1 ± 0.4) and (3.0 ± 0.5) scores vs. (6.2 ± 0.6) scores, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). The Ramsay sedation scores in D1 - D3 group were significantly higher than that in control group:(2.5 ± 0.2), (2.7 ±0.2) and (5.3 ± 0.3) scores vs. (1.4 ± 0.3) scores. Moreover, Ramsay sedation score in D3 group was significantly higher than that in D1 group and D2 group, and Ramsay sedation score in D2 group was significantly higher than that in D1 group. There were statistical differences (P<0.05). Four and 2 patients occurred nausea vomiting respectively in control group and D1 group within 24 h after operation. Conclusions Dexmedetomidine combined with propofol and remifentanil TCI can maintain hemodynamic stability and improve anesthesia recovery quality.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 861-864, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501989

ABSTRACT

Mechanical ventilation is not only an important treatment method of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS),but also one of the basic treatments in the intensive care unit (ICU).However,mechanical ventilation itself can cause or aggravate acute lung injury,which is called ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI).Currently,clinical pathogenesis of VILI includes four categories such as barotrauma,volutrauma,atelectrauma and hiotrauma.The pathogenesis of mechanical injury has been widely accepted,but the biological injury pathogenesis is unclear.With further research,we found that in the late stage VILI patients occured proliferation of puhnonary fibrosis,which may be formed by partial epithelial-mesenchymal transdifferentiation (EMT).Further study of specific pathogenesis of biotrauma and ARDS pulmonary fibrosis proliferation could provide new ideas for the clinical treatment of VILI.

16.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 742-744, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498189

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of two types of crystalloids on postoperative inflam-matory reaction during the process of cesarean section.Methods Sixty patients undergoing cesarean section were randomly divided into Ringer lactate solution group (RL)and Ringer acetate solution group (RA)with 30 cases in each group.Before anesthesia,10 ml/kg crystal solution was infused, the infusion rate was 1 5-20 ml·kg-1 ·h-1 .The patients were performed epidural anesthesia in left lateral position.Crystal solution was infused to maintain the blood pressure during the operation.Ve-nous blood was drawn at the beginning of the operation (T1 ),the end of the operation (T2 ),four hours after operation (T3 ),twenty-four hours after operation (T4 )in order to measure the blood plasma value of IL-6,TNF-α,CRP.Results The blood plasma value of IL-6,TNF-α,CRP had no significant differences at T1 ,T4 ;but the value of group RA was significantly higher than that of group RL (P <0.05)at T2 ,T3 .Conclusion Ringer acetate solution causes more significant postop-erative inflammatory cytokine release than Ringer lactate solution does during the process of cesarean section.

17.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 751-754, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672360

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of exogenous protectin DX (PDX) on acute lung injury in septic mice.Methods Thirty male C57BL/6 mice,aged 6-8 weeks,weighing 20-25 g,were randomly divided into 3 groups (n =10 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (Sham group),sepsis group (S group) and PDX group.Sepsis was produced by cecum ligation and puncture (CLP) in the mice anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium.At 1 h after CLP,PDX 300 ng was injected intraperitoneally in PDX group,and the equal volume of normal saline was given in Sham and S groups.At 24 h after CLP,the mice were sacrificed,and the broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for determination of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β),tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α),IL-6 and IL-10 concentrations,and the lungs were removed for microscopic examination and for determination of the myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity,wet/dry lung weight ratio (W/D ratio) and phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65.Lung injury scores were calculated.Results Compared with Sham group,the lung injury score,MPO activity,W/D ratio,phosphorylation of NF-κB p65,and concentrations of protein and inflammatory factors in BALF were significantly increased in S and PDX groups (P<0.05).Compared with S group,the lung injury score,MPO activity,W/D ratio,phosphorylation of NF-κB p65,and concentrations of protein,IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6 in BALF were significantly decreased,and the concentration of IL-10 in BALF was significantly increased in PDX group (P<0.05).Conclusion Exogenous PDX can alleviate acute lung injury through inhibiting NF-κB activity in the lung tissues of septic mice.

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1487-1490, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491388

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of BML?111 on ventilator?induced lung injury in rats. Methods Forty?eight healthy male Sprague?Dawley rats, weighing 200-250 g, aged 6-8 weeks, were randomized into 6 groups ( n=8 each) using a random number table: control group ( C group) , low tidal volume (VT) group (LVTgroup), high VT group (HVTgroup), low dose BML?111 group (BL group), high dose BML?111 group ( BH group) , and BML?111 plus BOC?2 ( lipoxin A4 receptor antagonist) group ( BOC?2 group) . Group C kept spontaneous breathing after tracheotomy, and received no mechanical venti?lation. The rats in the other 5 groups were mechanically ventilated ( respiratory rate 80 breaths∕min, frac? tion of inspired oxygen 21%, positive end?expiratory pressure 0) . The VT was 6 ml∕kg in group LVT , or 20 ml∕kg in HVT, BL, BH and BOC?2 groups. BML?111 0?1 and 1?0 mg∕kg were injected intraperitoneally during ventilation in BL and BH groups, respectively. In group BOC?2, BOC?2 50 μg∕kg was injected in?traperitoneally before ventilation, and BML?111 1?0 mg∕kg was injected intraperitoneally during ventilation. Arterial blood samples were collected at 4 h of ventilation, arterial oxygen partial pressure ( PaO2 ) was de?termined. Then animals were sacrificed by exsanguination. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid ( BALF) of the left lung was collected for determination of neutrophil count, and the level of neutrophil was calculated. The right lung tissue specimens were obtained for microscopic examination, and for determination of wet∕dry lung weight ratio ( W∕D ratio ) , myeloperoxidase ( MPO ) activity, and contents of malondialdehyde ( MDA) , monocyte chemoattractant protein?1 ( MCP?1) , tumor necrosis factor?alpha ( TNF?α) , interleu?kin?1beta ( IL?1β) and IL?6. Results Compared with group C, PaO2 was significantly decreased, and the level of neutrophil in BALF, W∕D ratio, MPO activity, and contents of MDA, MCP?1, TNF?α, IL?1β and IL?6 were increased in group HVT ( P0?05) . Compared with group HVT , PaO2 was significantly increased, and the level of neutrophil in BALF, W∕D ratio, MPO activity, and contents of MDA, MCP?1, TNF?α, IL?1β and IL?6 were decreased in group BH, and the contents of TNF?α, IL?1βand IL?6 were significantly decreased ( P0?05) . Compared with group BH, PaO2 was significantly decreased, and the level of neutrophil in BALF, W∕D ratio, MPO activity, and contents of MDA, MCP?1, TNF?α, IL?1β and IL?6 were increased in group BOC?2 (P<0?05). The pathological changes were significantly attenuated in group BL as compared with HVT and BOC?2 groups. Conclusion BML?111 can attenuate ventilator?induced lung injury in rats, and activated lipoxin A4 receptors are involved in the mechanism.

19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 800-804, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481353

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of sivelestat sodium on the prognosis in patients with acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods Databases including PubMed, EBSCO, Springer, Ovid, Wanfang data, CNKI and China Biology Medicine (CBM) were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding sivelestat sodium treatment for ALI/ARDS published from 1985 to December 2014. The patients in treatment group received intravenous infusion of sivelestat sodium, and those in control group received normal saline. The items for analysis were 28-day mortality, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and oxygenation index on day 3. According to the evaluation method of Cochrane system, data extraction and quality assessment from the literature were carried out. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3. The publication bias was analyzed with funnel plot.Results Five RCTs with a total of 780 participants were included, with 389 patients in sivelestat sodium group, and 391 in control group. Meta analysis showed: compared with control group, sivelestat sodium could not lower the 28-day mortality [odds ratio (OR) = 0.91, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) =0.66-1.26,P = 0.58], or shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation or length of ICU stay [duration of mechanical ventilation: mean difference (MD) = -0.02, 95%CI = -0.29 to 0.24,P = 0.87; length of ICU stay:MD = -9.63, 95%CI =-23.34 to 4.08,P = 0.17], but it could improve oxygenation index on day 3 (MD = 0.88, 95%CI = 0.39 to 1.36, P = 0.000 4). Heterogeneity was not significant for the main analysis and no publication bias was shown on funnel plot. Conclusion Sivelestat sodium gave rise to a better oxygenation on day 3, but did not change the length of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay, and it did not improve 28-day mortality in ALI and ARDS.

20.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 966-968, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672230

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically review the efficacy of hydromorphone hydrochloride injection for treatment of chronic pain.Methods Web of Science Proceedings and PubMed were searched for clinical trials involving the efficacy of hydromorphone for treatment of chronic pain, with no language or time limit.Evaluation indexes included visual analogue scale (VAS) score and the rate of pain control or relief.The studies were screened independently, and the data were extracted by two researchers.Meta-analysis was conducted using the Stata 10 software.Results Eleven studies involving 452 patients were included in our meta-analysis.VAS score was significantly decreased after treatment compared with that before treatment.For the patients with cancer pain, VAS score was significantly decreased after treatment with hydromorphone hydrochoride injection, and the rate of pain control or relief was increased when compared with the other opioid analgesics.Conclusion Hydromorphone hydrochloride injection can treat chronic pain, and it may provide better therapeutic effect than the other opioid analgesics for the patients with cancer pain.

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