Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 41
Filter
1.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 279-293, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982546

ABSTRACT

Aging poses a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, the leading cause of death in the aged population. However, the cell type-specific changes underlying cardiac aging are far from being clear. Here, we performed single-nucleus RNA-sequencing analysis of left ventricles from young and aged cynomolgus monkeys to define cell composition changes and transcriptomic alterations across different cell types associated with age. We found that aged cardiomyocytes underwent a dramatic loss in cell numbers and profound fluctuations in transcriptional profiles. Via transcription regulatory network analysis, we identified FOXP1, a core transcription factor in organ development, as a key downregulated factor in aged cardiomyocytes, concomitant with the dysregulation of FOXP1 target genes associated with heart function and cardiac diseases. Consistently, the deficiency of FOXP1 led to hypertrophic and senescent phenotypes in human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes. Altogether, our findings depict the cellular and molecular landscape of ventricular aging at the single-cell resolution, and identify drivers for primate cardiac aging and potential targets for intervention against cardiac aging and associated diseases.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Humans , Aging/genetics , Forkhead Transcription Factors/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Primates/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Transcriptome , Macaca fascicularis/metabolism
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 922-932, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980843

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pancreatic β-cells elevate insulin production and secretion through a compensatory mechanism to override insulin resistance under metabolic stress conditions. Deficits in β-cell compensatory capacity result in hyperglycemia and type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the mechanism in the regulation of β-cell compensative capacity remains elusive. Nuclear factor-Y (NF-Y) is critical for pancreatic islets' homeostasis under physiological conditions, but its role in β-cell compensatory response to insulin resistance in obesity is unclear.@*METHODS@#In this study, using obese ( ob/ob ) mice with an absence of NF-Y subunit A (NF-YA) in β-cells ( ob , Nf-ya βKO) as well as rat insulinoma cell line (INS1)-based models, we determined whether NF-Y-mediated apoptosis makes an essential contribution to β-cell compensation upon metabolic stress.@*RESULTS@#Obese animals had markedly augmented NF-Y expression in pancreatic islets. Deletion of β-cell Nf-ya in obese mice worsened glucose intolerance and resulted in β-cell dysfunction, which was attributable to augmented β-cell apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Furthermore, primary pancreatic islets from Nf-ya βKO mice were sensitive to palmitate-induced β-cell apoptosis due to mitochondrial impairment and the attenuated antioxidant response, which resulted in the aggravation of phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and cleaved caspase-3. These detrimental effects were completely relieved by ROS scavenger. Ultimately, forced overexpression of NF-Y in INS1 β-cell line could rescue palmitate-induced β-cell apoptosis, dysfunction, and mitochondrial impairment.@*CONCLUSION@#Pancreatic NF-Y might be an essential regulator of β-cell compensation under metabolic stress.


Subject(s)
Rats , Mice , Animals , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Insulin , Insulin-Secreting Cells/metabolism , Apoptosis , Stress, Physiological , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Palmitates/pharmacology , Obesity/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 731-735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993255

ABSTRACT

The cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) has been accepted as a standard treatment for most locally advanced cervical cancer. Compared with radiation therapy alone, CCRT can increase tumor control and survival rates, whereas it also can increase the incidence of acute hematological toxicity, which results in the treatment interruption or delay, and may even affect clinical efficacy and prognosis of patients. Therefore, how to reduce the incidence and severity of acute hematological toxicity induced by CCRT is a hot spot of clinical research. Previous studies have demonstrated that the occurrence of hematological toxicity is associated with the volume and dose of irradiated pelvic bone marrow. With the development of modern radiotherapy technology, precise radiotherapy technologies, such as intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT), not only guaranteed the enough dose for tumor, but also realized the protection of normal tissues. This article will focus on the feasibility of bone marrow sparing during CCRT for cervical cancer, and summarize the research progress in recent years.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 419-425, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927523

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hypertension is associated with stroke-related mortality. However, the long-term association of blood pressure (BP) and the risk of stroke-related mortality and the influence path of BP on stroke-related death remain unknown. The current study aimed to estimate the long-term causal associations between BP and stroke-related mortality and the potential mediating and moderated mediating model of the associations.@*METHODS@#This is a 45-year follow-up cohort study and a total of 1696 subjects were enrolled in 1976 and 1081 participants died by the latest follow-up in 2020. COX proportional hazard model was used to explore the associations of stroke-related death with baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP)/diastolic blood pressure (DBP) categories and BP changes from 1976 to 1994. The mediating and moderated mediating effects were performed to detect the possible influencing path from BP to stroke-related deaths. E value was calculated in the sensitivity analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among 1696 participants, the average age was 44.38 ± 6.10 years, and 1124 were men (66.3%). After a 45-year follow-up, a total of 201 (11.9%) stroke-related deaths occurred. After the adjustment, the COX proportional hazard model showed that among the participants with SBP ≥ 160 mmHg or DBP ≥ 100 mmHg in 1976, the risk of stroke-related death increased by 217.5% (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.175, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.297-4.388), and the adjusted HRs were higher in male participants. Among the participants with hypertension in 1976 and 1994, the risk of stroke-related death increased by 110.4% (HR = 2.104, 95% CI: 1.632-2.713), and the adjusted HRs of the BP changes were higher in male participants. Body mass index (BMI) significantly mediated the association of SBP and stroke-related deaths and this mediating effect was moderated by gender.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In a 45-year follow-up, high BP and persistent hypertension are associated with stroke-related death, and these associations were even more pronounced in male participants. The paths of association are mediated by BMI and moderated by gender.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Pressure/physiology , China/epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Hypertension , Risk Factors , Stroke
5.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 939-943, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989178

ABSTRACT

Cerebrovascular disease is a common disease that seriously endangers the health of Chinese people. White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) are the most common in elderly patients. Intravenous thrombolysis is currently the most effective drug treatment for acute ischemic stroke. Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is the most common serious complication after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The destruction of blood-brain barrier in patients of WMHs can increase the risk of HT after intravenous thrombolysis. Matrix metalloproteinases and S100B jointly participate in the destruction process of blood-brain barrier in WMHs and HT after intravenous thrombolysis. At present, the pathogenesis of WHM and HT is not completely clear, and whether mild and moderate WMHs will aggravate HT is still controversial. Nevertheless, WMHs are still the independent risk factor for HT.

6.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 21-26, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869222

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to assess the association between hypertension and carotid plaque in a research population in China.Methods:The subjects of this study were selected from a population undergoing physical examination at the Fourth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital in 2017. We collected information on physical examination, physiological index test, blood pressure indicators were analyzed according as continuous variables (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse pressure) and categorical variables (hypertension and quartile of blood pressure pulse pressure). A multivariate logistic regression model was conducted to estimate the correlation between blood pressure and carotid plaque development.Results:A total of 716 individuals were surveyed, including 321 men (44.8%) and 395 women (55.2%), and the prevalence of hypertension and carotid plaque were 40.9%(293 cases) and 40.4% (289 cases), respectively. The prevalence of carotid plaque was higher in individuals aged ≥60 years, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and increased waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin. The prevalence of carotid plaque increased with the increase of the quartile of blood pressure and pulse pressure ( Ptrend<0.05). After adjustment for age, sex, BMI, waist circumference, and total cholesterol, triglyceride, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, and hemoglobin levels, every 1 mmHg increased systolic blood pressure increases the risk of carotid plaque by 1.4% (95% CI: 1.005-1.024). Compared with the control group, the risk of carotid plaque increased by 86.8% (95% CI: 1.175-2.946) and 84.8% (95% CI: 1.098-3.110) and 119.6% (95% CI: 1.165-4.142) in the group of normal high blood pressure, grade 1 hypertension and grade 2 and grade 3 hypertension, respectively; compared with the control group, the risk of carotid plaque increased by 56.2% in the group of pulse pressure difference≥60 mmHg (95% CI: 1.049-2.326), in which the risk of carotid plaque increased by 73.3% (95% CI: 1.007-2.983) in women with pulse pressure difference≥60 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); in the control group with pulse pressure difference of four categories Q1 (<42 mmHg), the risk of carotid plaque increased by 92.2% (95% CI: 1.173-3.149) and 95.0% (95% CI: 1.147-3.316) in Q3 (50-61 mmHg) and Q4 (≥62 mmHg), respectively. Conclusion:Increased blood pressure or pulse pressure are associated with increased prevalence of carotid plaque. Prevention of elevated blood pressure and pulse pressure might be one of the effective precautions for the prevention of carotid plaque development.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2695-2700, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the management effectiveness of emergency treatment management for emergencies.Methods:To establish precision nursing emergency management system, the response time, triage accuracy, receiving time, information delivery time and rescue success rate were compared before and after the application of the system.Results:After the application of the precision nursing emergency management, the emergency response time was shortened from (6.47±1.25) min to (3.56±1.38) min, and the time for admission and triage reduced from (5.15±0.54) min to (2.84±0.49) min. The time was shortened from (92.45±10.49) minutes to (72.35±13.20) minutes, and the time for information submission was shortened from (121.47±58.41) minutes to (65.23±10.72) minutes; the accuracy of triage diagnosis increased from 96.85% (277/286) to 99.27%(271/273). The rescue success rate increased from 96.15%(275/286) to 98.90%(270/273), and the differences were statistically significant ( t value was -2.920-5.587, χ2 value was 4.220, 4.317, P<0.05). Conclusions:The application of precision nursing emergency management in emergencies can improve the emergency response rate and overall level of nursing staff and ensure the safety of patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 21-26, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798560

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to assess the association between hypertension and carotid plaque in a research population in China.@*Methods@#The subjects of this study were selected from a population undergoing physical examination at the Fourth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital in 2017. We collected information on physical examination, physiological index test, blood pressure indicators were analyzed according as continuous variables (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse pressure) and categorical variables (hypertension and quartile of blood pressure pulse pressure). A multivariate logistic regression model was conducted to estimate the correlation between blood pressure and carotid plaque development.@*Results@#A total of 716 individuals were surveyed, including 321 men (44.8%) and 395 women (55.2%), and the prevalence of hypertension and carotid plaque were 40.9%(293 cases) and 40.4% (289 cases), respectively. The prevalence of carotid plaque was higher in individuals aged ≥60 years, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and increased waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin. The prevalence of carotid plaque increased with the increase of the quartile of blood pressure and pulse pressure (Ptrend<0.05). After adjustment for age, sex, BMI, waist circumference, and total cholesterol, triglyceride, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, and hemoglobin levels, every 1 mmHg increased systolic blood pressure increases the risk of carotid plaque by 1.4% (95%CI: 1.005-1.024). Compared with the control group, the risk of carotid plaque increased by 86.8% (95%CI: 1.175-2.946) and 84.8% (95%CI: 1.098-3.110) and 119.6% (95%CI: 1.165-4.142) in the group of normal high blood pressure, grade 1 hypertension and grade 2 and grade 3 hypertension, respectively; compared with the control group, the risk of carotid plaque increased by 56.2% in the group of pulse pressure difference≥60 mmHg (95%CI: 1.049-2.326), in which the risk of carotid plaque increased by 73.3% (95%CI: 1.007-2.983) in women with pulse pressure difference≥60 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); in the control group with pulse pressure difference of four categories Q1 (<42 mmHg), the risk of carotid plaque increased by 92.2% (95%CI: 1.173-3.149) and 95.0% (95%CI: 1.147-3.316) in Q3 (50-61 mmHg) and Q4 (≥62 mmHg), respectively.@*Conclusion@#Increased blood pressure or pulse pressure are associated with increased prevalence of carotid plaque. Prevention of elevated blood pressure and pulse pressure might be one of the effective precautions for the prevention of carotid plaque development.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 1043-1049, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799862

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the relationship between atherogenic index of plasma (AIP)and renal impairment in male patients with gout.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of 821 male subjects was conducted to measure the relevant biochemical indicators and to calculate the AIP, endogenous creatinine-clearance rate (Ccr), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). EpiData 3.1 software was used for data entry, SPSS21.0 was used for statistical analysis, and GraphPad Prism 6.0 software was used for charts.@*Results@#Compared with control group, AIP, serum uric acid, triglyceride in gout group were significantly higher (all P<0.01), while eGFR and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol were significantly lower (both P<0.05). The composition ratio of renal function impairment in gout group was significantly higher (P<0.01). With the increase of AIP level, eGFR level decreased and serum creatinine level increased, but the overall difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05), while Ccr and serum uric acid levels gradually increased (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis after adjusting for various confounding factors showed that AIP, triglyceride, and serum uric acid were risk factors for renal function damage in patients with gout (P<0.05), the relevant risk were 7.030, 1.291, 1.004 respectively. After adjusting confounding factors, the associations between triglyceride, serum uric acid and renal function injury risk changed little, while AIP showed more evident, the OR value increased from 2.629 to 6.265 and 7.030.@*Conclusions@#(1)AIP is closely related to the renal function damage of patients with gout. After adjusting various confounding factors, AIP can better reflect the renal function damage than other indicators, which is of great significance to predict the renal function damage of patients with gout. (2)That patients with gout with high uric acid level may suffer from renal atherosclerosis and have a higher risk of renal impairment. (3)Dynamic observation of AIP in gout patients is helpful for early identification of the risk of renal failure in such patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 1043-1049, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824711

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between atherogenic index of plasma ( AIP ) and renal impairment in male patients with gout. Methods A retrospective analysis of 821 male subjects was conducted to measure the relevant biochemical indicators and to calculate the AIP, endogenous creatinine-clearance rate (Ccr), and estimated glomerular filtration rate ( eGFR) . EpiData 3.1 software was used for data entry, SPSS21.0 was used for statistical analysis, and GraphPad Prism 6. 0 software was used for charts. Results Compared with control group, AIP, serum uric acid, triglyceride in gout group were significantly higher (all P<0.01), while eGFR and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol were significantly lower ( both P<0.05) . The composition ratio of renal function impairment in gout group was significantly higher (P<0.01). With the increase of AIP level, eGFR level decreased and serum creatinine level increased, but the overall difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05) , while Ccr and serum uric acid levels gradually increased (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis after adjusting for various confounding factors showed that AIP, triacylglycerol, and serum uric acid were risk factors for renal function damage in patients with gout (P<0.05), the relevant risk were 7.030, 1.291, 1.004 respectively, After adjusting corfounding factors, the associafions betwees triglyceride, serum uric acid and with renal function injury risk changed little, while AIP show more evident, the OR value increased from 2.629 to 6.265 and 7.030. Conclusions (1)AIP is closely related to the renal function damage of patients with gout. After adjusting various confounding factors, AIP can better reflect the renal function damage than other indicators, which is of great significance to predict the renal function damage of patients with gout. ( 2) That patients with gout with high uric acid level may suffer from renal atherosclerosis and have a higher risk of renal impairment. ( 3) Dynamic observation of AIP in gout patients is helpful for early identification of the risk of renal failure in such patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 460-463, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737981

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sleep quality and related determinants among centenarians in Hainan.Methods A cross-sectional study of centenarians from 16 cities/counties was carried out in Hainan province between June 2014 and June 2016.Data related to demography,chronic diseases and lifestyles of the centenarians were collected.Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to assess the quality of sleep while multivariable logistic Regression model was used to determine the risk factors on the quality of sleep.Results Of the 730 centenarians in this study,225 suffered from sleep disorders (30.8%).The average score of PSQI was (6.44 ± 3.05),with the top three problems related to sleep as sleep inefficiency (48.5%),sleep latency (35.5%),and daytime dysfuntion (20.6%) among the centenarians.Results from the multivariate logistic analysis showed that incontinence,cardiovascular disease and chronic pain were risk factors,while habitual afternoon nap,and regular diet appeared as protective factors (P<0.05),related to sleep disorder.Conclusions Quality of sleep had been a problem to the centenarians in Hainan.Intervention on risk factors of sleep disorder should be helpful on these centenarians.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 268-272, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737947

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the activities of daily living (ADL) and related factors in community elderly people in urban and rural areas of Beijing.Methods A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Haidian and Miyun districts of Beijing using two-stage random cluster sampling method between 2011 and 2014.Results A total of 4 499 community elderly people (1 815 males,2 684 females) aged 60-95 years were included in the study.The mean age was (70.3 ±6.7) years.Compared with the participants from urban area,the participants from rural area had lower education level (85.2% had education level primary school),but higher level of smoking (22.8%) and drinking (43.1%).The ADL disability rate was higher in rural area than in urban area (12.4% vs.11.8%,P=0.039).And it increased significantly with age (P<0.05).Multivariate logistic regression showed besides urban-rural difference (P=0.031),age (P=0.013),education level (P=0.015),physical activity (P=0.001) and stroke (P<0.001) were related factors influencing ADL disability.Conclusions The ADL disability was relatively low in the community elderly people in Beijing,and there was significant difference between rural area and urban area.Older age,lower education level and physical inactivity and stroke were related factors.

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 264-267, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737946

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the self-rated health and related factors in centenarians in Hainan province.Methods A cross-sectional study in centenarians from 18 cities and counties was carried out in Hainan between June 2014 and December 2016.They data about their demographics,chronic diseases,ability of daily life,mental health and sleep quality were collected in a household interview.Self-rated health status was classified into 5 degrees according to the subjective assessment by centenarians.Results Of 991 centenarians in this study,157 (15.8%) were in good self-rated health and 228 (23.0%) were in poor self-rated health.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that chronic pain,visual impairment,depression,limited ability of daily life and poor sleep quality were the factors associated with poor self-rated health in centenarians in Hainan (P<0.05).Conclusion The proportion of centenarians in good self-rated health was low in Hainan,the influencing factors included chronic pain,visual impairment,depression,poor sleep quality and limited ability of daily life.It is necessary to conduct targeted intervention in centenarians in Hainan.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 253-257, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737944

ABSTRACT

In recent years,great effort has been made in the promotion of healthy aging in China.The core indicator of a country's healthy aging is the level of body health,mental health,social adaptation and quality of life (QOL) of the elderly.This paper summarizes the concept and the progress in the research of healthy ageing and the leading role of geriatric epidemiology.Articles on column "Pay attention to function and health of elderly" analyze the basic conditions affecting the QOL of the elderly,such as disability,comorbidity and Alzheimer disease prevalence,in the elderly in China and related risk factors to describe the severity of different health problems affecting the QOL of the elderly in different areas of China and provide essential data for developing effective health approaches and conducting targeted intervention foe healthy aging.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 460-463, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736513

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sleep quality and related determinants among centenarians in Hainan.Methods A cross-sectional study of centenarians from 16 cities/counties was carried out in Hainan province between June 2014 and June 2016.Data related to demography,chronic diseases and lifestyles of the centenarians were collected.Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to assess the quality of sleep while multivariable logistic Regression model was used to determine the risk factors on the quality of sleep.Results Of the 730 centenarians in this study,225 suffered from sleep disorders (30.8%).The average score of PSQI was (6.44 ± 3.05),with the top three problems related to sleep as sleep inefficiency (48.5%),sleep latency (35.5%),and daytime dysfuntion (20.6%) among the centenarians.Results from the multivariate logistic analysis showed that incontinence,cardiovascular disease and chronic pain were risk factors,while habitual afternoon nap,and regular diet appeared as protective factors (P<0.05),related to sleep disorder.Conclusions Quality of sleep had been a problem to the centenarians in Hainan.Intervention on risk factors of sleep disorder should be helpful on these centenarians.

16.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 268-272, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736479

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the activities of daily living (ADL) and related factors in community elderly people in urban and rural areas of Beijing.Methods A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Haidian and Miyun districts of Beijing using two-stage random cluster sampling method between 2011 and 2014.Results A total of 4 499 community elderly people (1 815 males,2 684 females) aged 60-95 years were included in the study.The mean age was (70.3 ±6.7) years.Compared with the participants from urban area,the participants from rural area had lower education level (85.2% had education level primary school),but higher level of smoking (22.8%) and drinking (43.1%).The ADL disability rate was higher in rural area than in urban area (12.4% vs.11.8%,P=0.039).And it increased significantly with age (P<0.05).Multivariate logistic regression showed besides urban-rural difference (P=0.031),age (P=0.013),education level (P=0.015),physical activity (P=0.001) and stroke (P<0.001) were related factors influencing ADL disability.Conclusions The ADL disability was relatively low in the community elderly people in Beijing,and there was significant difference between rural area and urban area.Older age,lower education level and physical inactivity and stroke were related factors.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 264-267, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736478

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the self-rated health and related factors in centenarians in Hainan province.Methods A cross-sectional study in centenarians from 18 cities and counties was carried out in Hainan between June 2014 and December 2016.They data about their demographics,chronic diseases,ability of daily life,mental health and sleep quality were collected in a household interview.Self-rated health status was classified into 5 degrees according to the subjective assessment by centenarians.Results Of 991 centenarians in this study,157 (15.8%) were in good self-rated health and 228 (23.0%) were in poor self-rated health.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that chronic pain,visual impairment,depression,limited ability of daily life and poor sleep quality were the factors associated with poor self-rated health in centenarians in Hainan (P<0.05).Conclusion The proportion of centenarians in good self-rated health was low in Hainan,the influencing factors included chronic pain,visual impairment,depression,poor sleep quality and limited ability of daily life.It is necessary to conduct targeted intervention in centenarians in Hainan.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 253-257, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736476

ABSTRACT

In recent years,great effort has been made in the promotion of healthy aging in China.The core indicator of a country's healthy aging is the level of body health,mental health,social adaptation and quality of life (QOL) of the elderly.This paper summarizes the concept and the progress in the research of healthy ageing and the leading role of geriatric epidemiology.Articles on column "Pay attention to function and health of elderly" analyze the basic conditions affecting the QOL of the elderly,such as disability,comorbidity and Alzheimer disease prevalence,in the elderly in China and related risk factors to describe the severity of different health problems affecting the QOL of the elderly in different areas of China and provide essential data for developing effective health approaches and conducting targeted intervention foe healthy aging.

19.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 422-427, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693007

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of prior statin use on outcome after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods Consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis at the Department of Neurology, the Third People's Hospital of Chengdu from July 2014 to August 2017 were enrolled, and divided into the statin use group and nonstatin use group according to prior statin use. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and the outcome at 90 days after onset (good outcome and poor outcome were defined as the modified Rankin Scale score 0-2 and > 2, respectively) in the two groups were compared, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the effect of prior statin use on the outcome. Results A total of 327 patients were enrolled, including 68 (20. 80% ) in the statin use group, and 59 (79. 20% ) in the nonstatin use group. There were no significant differences in the incidence symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (7. 35% vs. 10. 04%; χ2 = 0. 453, P = 0. 501), good outcome rate at 90 days (69. 12% vs. 66. 02%; χ2 = 0. 232, P = 0. 630), and mortality rate (7. 35% vs. 7. 34%; P = 1. 000) between the statin use group and the nonstatin use group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that prior statin use were not an independent risk factor for symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (odds ratio 0. 658, 95% confidence interval 0. 233-1. 857; P = 0. 429) and poor outcome at 90 dafter onset (odds ratio 0. 848, 95% confidence interval 0. 424-1. 696; P = 0. 641) in patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis. Conclusion Prior statin use is not associated with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and outcome after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 686-691, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620675

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of moderate aerobic exercise intervention for patients with Alzheimer's disease. Methods Randomized Clinical Trials(RCTs) that assessed the effectiveness of aerobic exercise intervention for patients with Alzheimer's disease were reviewed using multiple electronic databases systematically. Data were analyzed by RevMan 5.2.0 version. Results Eight RCTs were included. Meta-analysis indicated that moderate aerobic exercise could improve the score of MMSE(WMD=1.58,95%CI:0.63~2.53,P<0.01),reduce the score of Alzheimer's disease assessment scale-cognitive subscale(ADAS-Cog)(WMD=-4.06,95%CI:-6.83~-1.28,P<0.01) and the score of Neuropsychiatric Inventory(WMD=-3.97,95%CI:-5.69~-2.25,P<0.01). Conclusion Moderate Aer-obic exercise can improve cognitive function of Alzheimer's patients,and improve their neuropsychiatric symptoms.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL