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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877570


The feasibility and prospect of viral tracers and mediating functional components are explored in study on brain effect of acupuncture. In the paper, proceeding with viral tracers, the viral tracers used to analyze the structure of specific neural circuits are introduced, as well as their mediated probes, optical/chemical genetics techniques, Cre-LoxP systems, etc. The viral tracers and their functional components can not only mark specifically nerve cells or neural circuits, but also interfere with the function of specific types of neurons or nuclei. They solve some disadvantage of traditional nerve tracing method that only describes the morphology of neurons of one brain region and the simple projection among brain regions, and the indirect and non-specific absorption. The viral tracers and their functional components play the important approach to decoding the mechanism on brain effect of acupuncture when introduced in experimental acupuncture so as to provide an in vivo, real-time and intuitive novel method for a further analysis of neurobiological mechanism on brain effect of acupuncture.

Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Neurons
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 554-559, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844266


OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of auricular electroacupuncture (EA) on intracellular Raf/ extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/ ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK)/ cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) signal pathway in the hippocampus of depression model rats, so as to explore its anti-depressive mechanism. METHODS: A total of 60 male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, auricular EA, PD98059(ERK inhibitor), DMSO (Dimethylsulfoxide), PD98059+EA groups (n=10 in each group). The rats in the control group were fed with normal diet without any treatment. The depression model was induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) for consecutive 21 days. EA (20 Hz, 2 mA) was applied to bilateral auricular "Xin"(Heart) and "Shenmen" for 30 min, once daily for 28 days. Rats of the PD98059, DMSO and PD98059+EA groups received intracerebroventricular injection of PD98059(100 µmol/L), DMSO and PD98059 (dissolved by DMSO) solutions (5 µL/d), respectively, once daily for 28 days. Sucrose preference test (sucrose consumption) was conducted at the baseline, before and after the intervention. The expression of hippocampal Raf, phosphorylated (p)-Raf, ERK, p-ERK, RSK, CREB and p-CREB proteins were detected by Western blot after EA intervention. RESULTS: Following modeling, the sucrose consumption volume, and the expression levels of hippocampal Raf, p-Raf, ERK, p-ERK, RSK, CREB, p-CREB proteins were significantly lower in the model group than those in the control group (P<0.01). Following the treatment, the sucrose consumption and the expression levels of Raf, p-Raf, ERK, p-ERK, RSK, CREB, p-CREB in the auricular EA group and those of p-Raf, ERK and CREB in the PD98059+EA group were obviously increased in comparison with the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01), the expression level of p-ERK in the PD98059 group was obviously decreased in comparison with the model group (P<0.05), suggesting an improvement of depression after auricular EA. Compared with auricular EA group, the expression level of p-ERK, p-CREB and RSK in the PD98059+EA group were significantly decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA of auricular "Xin" and "Shenmen" is able to improve depression in depression rats, which is probably related to its effect in promoting activities of hippocampal Raf/ERK/RSK/CREB signaling.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229551


Treatment by auricular acupuncture has a long history. Ear-acupoint research has been advancing step by step in China and also in Europe. Auricles are rich in nerves, therefore a close relationship with different functions of the human body has been proved by the research teams of the two main authors of this article from China and Austria. In recent years, great progress has been made in the research of regulating human body functions through electroacupuncture at the auricular branch of the vagus nerve, which is part of auricular acupuncture therapy. It is well known that the auricular branch of the vagus nerve is the only peripheral pathway to the cerebral cortex. Studies of the Chinese team on hypertension, diabetes, epilepsy and depression have shown that the mechanism of auricular vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) may be comparable with cervical VNS in terms of pathways. Auricular VNS has a broad clinical application prospect.

Acupuncture, Ear , Animals , Austria , Biomedical Research , China , Depression , Therapeutics , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy , Therapeutics , Humans , International Cooperation , Reflex , Physiology , Vagus Nerve , Physiology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267184


Acupuncture point specificity is the theoretical basis for meridian and acupuncture theory. Also it is the key factor for the efficacy of acupuncture treatment. Studies on acupoint specifificity have aroused wide interest in scholars both at home and abroad. Some researchers abroad do not support acupoint specifificity. Chinese scholars have, after years of research, preliminarily confifirmed the existence of acupoint specifificity. However, there is still no conclusive evidence to support acupoint specificity in terms of its specific physiological foundation, underlying mechanism and laws. This paper summarizes and analyzes basic and clinical researches on acupoint specificity in biological structure, physiology and acupoint effect, provides clues for further studies and develops the theoretical basis for acupont specifificity.

Acupuncture , Reference Standards , Acupuncture Points , China , Humans