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China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 394-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003873


Objective To analyze the awareness of occupational health literacy (OHL) and its influencing factors among occupational population in key industries of Guizhou Province in 2022. Methods A total of 11 153 workers from eight key industries in 88 counties and districts of Guizhou Province was selected as the research subjects in 2022 using a stratified cluster sampling method. The OHL levels were surveyed using the Occupational Health Literacy Questionnaire of National Key Populations. Results The overall OHL level of the research subjects in 2022 was 57.7%. The OHL levels of basic knowledge of occupational health protection, healthy lifestyle and behavior, legal knowledge of occupational health, and basic skills of occupational health protection were 79.6%, 69.7%, 60.0%, and 42.0%, respectively. The overall OHL level of the tertiary industry population was higher than that of the secondary industry (59.8% vs 54.9%, P<0.01). The overall OHL levels of occupational population in the eight key industries from high to low were medical and health, electric heating water supply, environmental health, transportation, non-metallic mineral products, express delivery/take-out,education and coal mining, with the overall OHL level of 82.5%, 64.2%, 64.0%, 55.9%, 52.8%, 48.8%, 46.1% and 44.7%, respectively (P<0.01). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that gender, age, ethnicity, marital status, educational level, personal monthly income, length of employment, and industry category were independent influencing factors of OHL levels (all P<0.05). The OHL level of females was higher than that of males (P<0.01). The older age, higher educational level, and higher personal monthly income were associated with higher OHL levels in workers (all P<0.01). The OHL level of Han population was higher than that of Miao and other ethnic groups (all P<0.01). The OHL level of unmarried population was higher than that of married and widowed/divorced population (all P<0.01). The OHL level of workers with less than 3.0 years of employment was lower than that of workers with 3.0 - < 6.0 and 6.0 - < 10.0 years of employment (all P<0.01). The OHL level of workers in the tertiary industry was higher than that in the secondary industry (P<0.01). Conclusion The OHL level of occupational population in Guizhou Province needs to be further improved. Special attention should be paid to the industry of coal mining and selection, education, express delivery/take-out, and occupational population in ethnic minority areas, low educated, low-income, and newly employed occupational population.

China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 335-339, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003864


Objective To analyze the survival status, distribution characteristics and social security of newly diagnosed occupational pneumoconiosis patients in Guizhou Province from 2006 to 2021. Methods The newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis cases reported in Guizhou Province from 2006 to 2021 were collected from the “Occupational Diseases and Hazards Monitoring Information System” under “National Health Insurance Disease Prevention and Control Information System”. Telephone or face-to-face surveys were conducted to investigate these patients. Results A total of 12 413 newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis patients were reported in Guizhou Province from 2006 to 2021, with 11 192 cases included in the follow-up, and 10 631 cases were followed-up successfully. According to the follow-up study, 10 565 cases (accounting for 99.4%) were survived, and 66 cases (accounting for 0.6%) died. The number of pneumoconiosis showed an increasing trend followed by a sharp decline from 2006 to 2021, reaching its peak in 2016. The main industry of the newly pneumoconiosis cases was concentrated in the mining industry (accounting for 90.6%). The top three regions with surviving cases in the follow-up were Bijie City, Zunyi City, and Qiannan Prefecture, accounting for 34.0%, 25.4% and 12.0%, respectively. The main types of pneumoconiosis were coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis, accounting for 67.1% and 30.8%, respectively. Most cases were in the age group of 50 to <60 years old, accounting for 59.1%, and the majority of the workers had worked in dusty environments for 5 to <25 years, accounting for 91.5%. In terms of social security, about 89.5% of cases were in the basic medical insurance for urban and rural residents which was the most popular social security. The employer's compensation rate was 67.7%, and the work-related injury insurance participation rate was 51.5%. Conclusion Pneumoconiosis cases in Guizhou Province exhibit significant regional disparities. It has a high concentration in the industry, a younger age profile, and limited social security coverage. It is necessary to strengthen the special management of dust and industry supervision in mining industry, intensify follow-up work for pneumoconiosis cases, reinforce the construction of pneumoconiosis rehabilitation station in key regions, and improve the quality of life of pneumoconiosis cases.

Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 459-467, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609888


[Objective] To refer a geographical distribution rule of alpha-L-fucosidase (AFU) reference values for the health adults in China via exploring its spatial distribution trend and its correlation with geographical factors.[Methods] A total of 6564 samples of AFU reference values from 66 administrative units in the years 2004-2015 were collected,male and female of which were 3701 cases (56.4%) and 2863 cases (46.3%).A research concerning AFU reference values in whole country were calculated using methods of information content and ridge regression.[Results] AFU reference values for Chinese healthy adults were influenced by geographical factors and presented autocorrelation,and it showed eastern and northern areas were highery than western and southern areas.[Conclusions] AFU reference values have a spatial variation and the regional disparities should be considered in practice.

Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1163-1169, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467104


Objective: To provide a scientific standard of left ventricular Tei index for healthy people from various region of China, and to lay a reliable foundation for the evaluation of left ventricular diastolic and systolic function. Methods: The correlation and principal component analysis were used to explore the left ventricular Tei index, which based on the data of 3 562 samples from 50 regions of China by means of literature retrieval. hTe nine geographical factors were longitude(X1), latitude(X2), altitude(X3), annual sunshine hours (X4), the annual average temperature (X5), annual average relative humidity (X6), annual precipitation (X7), annual temperature range (X8) and annual average wind speed (X9). ArcGIS sotfware was applied to calculate the spatial distribution regularities of letf ventricular Tei index. Results: hTere is a signiifcant correlation between the healthy people’s letf ventricular Tei index and geographical factors, and the correlationcoeffcients were 0.107 (r1), 0.301 (r2), 0.029 (r3), 0.277 (r4),?0.256(r5),?0.289(r6),?0.320(r7), 0.310 (r8) and 0.117 (r9), respectively. A linear equation between the Tei index and the geographical factor was obtained by regression analysis based on the three extracting principal components. hTe geographical distribution tendency chart for healthy people’s letf Tei index was iftted out by the ArcGIS spatial interpolation analysis. Conclusion: hTe geographical distribution for letf ventricular Tei index in China follows certain pattern. hTe reference value in North is higher than that in South, while the value in East is higher than that in West.

China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-532287


OBJECTIVE:To study the bioequiavailability of sodium/calcium folinate for injections in healthy volunteers.METHODS:By a randomized crossover design,trichloracetic acid was used to precipitate the protein in serum sample.Serum concentration of folinate was determined by RP-HPLC.The pharmacokinetic parameters and relative bioavailability of sodium folinate for injection vs.calcium folinate for injection were computed and analyzed statistically.RESULTS:The pharmacokinetic parameters of single dose of sodium folinate for injection(trial formulation)vs.calcium folinate for injection(reference formulation)were as follows:tmax(0.292?0.096)h vs.(0.25?0)h;Cmax(31.973?4.337)?g?mL-1 vs.(33.332?3.312)?g?mL-1;AUC0~24(139.670?13.859)?g?h?mL-1 vs.(144.401?13.574)?g?h?mL-1;AUC0~∞(154.246?16.481)?g?h?mL-1 vs.(161.306?17.871)?g?h?mL-1;MRT0~24(6.795?0.73)h vs.(6.963?0.713)h;t1/2(7.183?1.469)vs.(7.316?2.045).The mean relative bioavailability of the sodium folinate for injection was(98.2?37.1)%.CONCLUSION:The two formulations are proved to be bioequivalent.