Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 18 de 18
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755957

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of donor/recipients' gender on delayed graft function (DGF) .Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for clinical data of donors (n=174) and recipients (n=265) during renal transplantation between May 1 ,2012 and December 31 ,2017 . Types of China donation after citizen's death ,age ,last creatinine level ,height ,weight ,body mass index (BMI) and protopathy of donors were collected .And pre-dialysis method ,dialysis time ,HLA mismatch ,post-creatine at Day 7 ,whether dialysis after transplantation ,height ,weight and BMI of recipients were analyzed .The data were checked by t and chi square tests and P<0 .05 was deemed as statistically significant .Results Donor gender had no correlation with DGF occurrence rate ( P=0 .689) while DGF occurrence rate among female recipients was evidently lower than that among males (P=0 .036);Female recipients selected peritoneal dialysis therapy more than male recipients (P=0 .023);Cerebral hemorrhage female donors were more than male donors (P= 0 .034);BMI (P<0 .001) and postoperative creatinine (P= 0 .001) among female recipients were evidently lower than that among males .Conclusions DGF occurrence rate is significantly lower among female receptors than that among males after kidney transplantation .

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743981

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of vena cava-atrium anastomosis liver transplantation (VCAALT) for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS).Methods The retrospective descriptive study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 18 BCS patients who underwent VCAALT in the Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University (6 cases),the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (8 cases) and Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (4 cases) from May 1996 to December 2012 were collected.All the 18 patients were males,aged from 29 to 61 years,with an average age of 42 years.According to characteristics and invasion extent of hepatic vein and vena cava after preoperative examinations,patients were performed different surgical procedures of VCAALT,including bridge piggyback liver transplantation (BPBLT),hanging atrium liver transplantation (HALT) and cava vena resection bridge liver transplantation (CVRBLT).Observation indicators:(1) surgical and postoperative situations;(2) typical case analysis;(3) follow-up situations.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect patients' survival up to December 2018.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD and measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range).Results (1) Surgical and postoperative situations:of 18 patients,11 underwent BPBLT,3 underwent HALT,4 underwent CVRBLT.The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss were (6.0± 1.3)hours and (1 264±435)mL.One patient died of bilateral pulmonary diffuse inflammation and sepsis due to severe infection.The duration of postoperative hospital stay was (18±5) days.(2) Typical case analysis:one 47-year-old male BCS patient was detected retrohepatic vena cava plaques and thrombus and hepatic venous thrombus by exploratory laparotomy,and underwent BPBLT.A 43-year-old male BCS patient was detected hepatic and retrohepatic vena cava plaques,thrombus,concomitant cavernous transformation,and underwent HALT.A 32-year-old male BCS patient was detected plaques and thrombus with red thrombus in the hepatic vein,from right renal vein to right atrium,and underwent CVRBLT.All the 3 patients underwent VCAALT successfully with a satisfactory recovery.(3) Followup situations:18 patients were followed up for 3.0-60.0 months,with a median time of 51.7 months.During the follow-up,3 patients died of acute rejection,biliary complications and chronic graft dysfunction at 1,3,5 years postoperatively.The 1-,3-,5-year survival rates were 16/18,15/18,14/18,respectively.Conclusion Different surgical procedures of VCAALT for BCS are selected according to different situations of patients,which are safe and feasible with a satisfactory efficacy and beneficial to long-term survival of patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743976

ABSTRACT

Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) was first implemented by Starzl in 1963.With the development of liver transplantation,Tzaris was the first to report piggyback liver transplantation (PBLT) in 1989.The fundamental difference between OLT and PBLT:end to end vascular anastomosis between the donor and recipient is performed after diseased liver resection with the posthepatic inferior vena cava in OLT,while PBLT is to preserve the recipient's hepatic vein and end to end vascular anastomosis between interior vena cava of donor and shaped hepatic vein is performed.However in the clinical practice,the above two techniques cannot meet the needs of clinical liver transplantation technology.Since 1993 the author has implemented a series of improvements in liver transplantation technology based on PBLT and performed ameliorated piggyback liver transplantation (APBLT).This article focuses on the technical characteristics and clinical application of APBLT.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710710

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of antibody-mediated rejection after liver transplantation.Methods The clinical data of 1 case of antibody-mediated rejection after liver transplantation were collected.The patient had autoimmune liver disease (de-compensated stage) and received a liver transplantation with ABO-compatible.Triple immunosuppressive regimen of tacrolimus + mycophenolate mofetil + prednisone was used after operation.The valley of tacrolimus concentration was maintained at 8-10 μg/L.One month after transplantation,the liver function recovered to normal.Alanine aminotransferase was 16 U/L,aspartate aminotransferase was 37 U/L and total bilirubin was 17.3 U/L.Results Three months after operation,the liver function index increased sharply (total bilirubin was 186.3 U/L).The first pathological examination of liver biopsy at 14th week after operation showed the histological findings of acute rejection.Combining the data of clinical features,steroid pulse therapy was given,but the effect was poor.The biopsy of the retransplanted liver at 18th week after operation showed necrosis of minority hepatic cells and obvious attachment of lymphocytes in the central venous branch wall.Panel reactive antibodies test revealed that the HLA_ Ⅱ antibodies were intensively positive,suggesting the diagnosis of AMR.After treatment with plasma exchange and adjusting the immunosuppressant dosage,the function of the transplanted liver recovered gradually.Conclusion For liver transplantation with compatible blood type and recipient with autoimmune liver disease,we should alert the occurrence of acute AMR.Timely liver biopsy and PRA detection should be performed for definite diagnosis.Plasmapheresis is effective in treating acute AMR after liver transplantation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667477

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of glycyrrhizin against renal ischemiareperfusion injury in mice and its mechanisms.Methods Male C57BL/6 mice were divided into three groups of six.Bilateral flank incisions were made,the right kidney was removed and the left kidney was subjected to ischemia using a microvascular clamp,which was removed after 30 min.In the shamoperated group,the mice underwent anesthesia,bilateral flank incisions and a right nephrectomy.In the glycyrrhizin-treated group,the mice were injected with 60 mg/ kg glycyrrhizin 1 h prior to ischemia.In the saline-treated group,the mice were administered with 60 mg/ kg saline.The mice were sacrificed 6 h after reperfusion and the blood and kidney samples were immediately collected for kidney function,inflammatory response and signal pathway test.Results As compared with those in the saline-treated group,the mice in glycyrrhizin0-treated group exhibited notably decreased serum levels of creatine and blood urea nitrogen at 6 h following reperfusion (P<0.01),the SOA level was significantly reduced (P<0.01) and the SOD activity was increased.The activity of MPO (P<0.01)in the glycyrrhizin-treated group was significantly reduced as compared with the saline-treated group,also the serum level of pro-inflammatory TNF-α (P<0.05),IFN-γ (P<0.05),IL-1β (P<0.01) and IL-6 (P<0.01).Furthermore,the phosphorylated-p38 protein level in the glycyrrhizin-treated group was notably as reduced compared with that in the saline-treated group.Conclusion Pretreatment with glycyrrhizin attenuates renal ischemia-reperfusion injury via inhibition of tissue inflammation by downregulating p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609480

ABSTRACT

Objective To sum up the experiences in liver transplantations from donation after brain death (DBD),and compare the clinical effect,complications and influential factors with international situation.Methods The retrospective descriptive study was adopted.All the data of 66 DBD liver donors and the matched recipients from authors' affiliations during June 2010 and June 2013 were collected.Original articles,meta-analysis and data reports with high academic influence were read and data were analyzed with SPSS 22.0.Results The incidence of serious complications,vascular complications and biliary complications during the first year among 66 recipients was 21.2%,10.6%,and 6.1%,respectively.Compared to international situation,graft 1-,3-,and 5-year survival rate was similar (P>0.05) (83%,80% and 73% respectively),similar to that of recipients.There was no statistically significant difference in primary nonfunction and vascular complications between our center and other centers.As for biliary complications,morbidity was lower in our center (P<0.05).The 3-and 5-year survival rate of recipients was also similar (P>0.05),though the 1-year survival rate was slightly lower (P< 0.05).Conclusion These findings provide evidence that patient's prognosis under DBD liver transplantation in our center is acceptable,and long-term survival rate has reached international level.Still,1-year survival rate of recipients is unsatisfactory.In order to achieve a good clinical efficacy,we need to find out disadvantages during donor maintenance,recipient selection,surgical procedure and postoperative management.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617141

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare three different types of donor livers (C-Ⅰ,C-Ⅱ,C-Ⅲ) in clinical efficacy,complications and survival rate of liver transplantation.Methods Using the retrospective descriptive study method,the clinical data of 422 patients undergoing liver transplantation,including 124 cases of C-Ⅰ,81 cases of C-Ⅱ and 81 cases of C-Ⅲ in recent 6 years (from June 2010 to June 2016) were analyzed.The same surgical method was performed with piggyback liver transplantation.Observation indicators contained (1) recipient postoperative liver function;(2) the postoperative complications;(3) the recipient survival rate.SPSS 19.0 statistical software was used for analysis.Results (1) The curative effect was evaluated by the changes of ALT and TBIL among three groups of recipients postoperatively.As compared with C-Ⅰ transplantation group and CⅢ transplantation group,the level of ALT in C-Ⅱ transplantation group was significantly increased (P <0.05),the clinical efficacy was poorer.(2) The incidence of PNF was 3.23% in C-Ⅰ group,9.88% in C-Ⅱ group and 9.88% in C-Ⅲ group (P<0.05).The incidence of acute rejection was respectively 9.68% in C-Ⅰ group,38.27% in C-Ⅱ group and 38.27% in C-Ⅲ group (P<0.001).The incidence of SIRS was respectively 5.65% in C-Ⅰ group,39.50% in C-Ⅱ group and 39.50% in C-Ⅲ group (P< 0.001).There were significant differences in the incidence of other complications among the three groups.(3) There were 14 deaths within 3 months,accounting for 17.28%,and the survival rate was 82.72% in C-Ⅱ group,the 1-,3-,and 5-year survival rate was 76.55%,74.18% and 76.55% respectively in C-Ⅰ group,and that was 88.02%,85.72% and 81.11% respectively in C-Ⅲ group.Conclusion Since June 2015,C-Ⅰ donors grow up more quickly on year-on-year basis than C-Ⅱ.Simultaneously,the sort-term and long-term clinical efficacy is better in C-Ⅰ transplantation group than in C-Ⅱ transplantation group.How to repair the three types of Chinese standard donor organs and optimize the quality is still a hot point to ensure the healthy development of organ transplantation in China,which needs further investigation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505213

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of molecular absorbent recycling system (MARS) in auto liver transplantation (ALT).Methods The clinical data of 46 patients who underwent ALT in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from September 2014 to August 2015 were retrospectively studied.The patients were randomly divided into the MARS group (n =30) and the hemodialysis group (n =16).In the MARS group,20 patients were male and 10 were female with an average age of (15 ±67) years,and the median age was 46.In the hemodialysis group,8 were male and 8 were female with an average age of (22 ± 54) years.A heparinized left iliac vein was linked to a centrifugal pump of a MARS and an output tube was linked to a left jugular vein.Before the anhepatic phase,physical pretreatment was carried out by ligating the porta hepatis and inferior vena cava (IVC) to adapt the patient to the anhepatic phase.Subsequently,a bypass was established followed by ligation of the IVC.The duration of operation,length of stay in ICU after operation,one-year survival rate and hepatorenal function were studied.Results The duration of operation in the MRAS group and in the hemodialysis group was not significantly different (P >0.05).The length of stay in ICU after operation in the MARS group was (12.0 ±3.0) d,which was significantly shorter than that of the hemodialysis group (20.0 ± 2.0) d (P < 0.05).The one-year survival rate in the MARS group was (100%),which was significantly higher than that of the hemodialysis group (93.8%,P <0.05).Conclusion The application of MARS in ALT shortened the length of stay in hospital and improved one-year survival rate,resulting in better outcomes than the conventional method.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493178

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of bloodstream infection-related death after liver transplantation.Methods The retrospective case-control study was adopted.The clinical data of the 107 patients with bloodstream infection from 365 liver transplantation patients who were admitted to the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (220 patients) and South Central Hospital Affiliated to Wuhan University (145 patients) from January 1,2002 to December 31,2015 were collected.The patients received modified piggyback liver transplantation.The second or third generation celphalosporin or carbapenems antibiotics were preventively used against infection according to the bacterial culture results before surgery,and the immune inhibitor basic program after surgery was FK506 + prednisone.The observation indicators included:(1) the bloodstream infection status after liver transplantation:incidence of bloodstream infection,frequency of bloodstream infection,inadequate antiinfection treatment,primary infection position,microorganism infection type,bacterial culture results and bloodstream infection-related mortality.(2) The risk factors of blood stream infection-related death after liver transplantation in univariate and multivariate analyses in cluded:the gender,age,resource of donor,usage of immune inhibitor,time between infection and liver transplantation,infection temperature,primary infection position(intraperitoneal or biliary infection),pathogenic microorganism type,nosocomial infection,inadequate antibiotic usage,serum creatinine level,serum albumin (Alb) level,white blood cell (WBC) in peripheral blood,lymphocyte in peripheral blood,platelet (PLT) in peripheral blood and septic shock indexes.The patients were followed up by outpatient examination and telephone interview up to January 31,2016,the follow-up contents included the survival status of the patients,vital signs,using status of immune inhibitor,immune inhibitor concentration,blood routine,biochemical indexes,surgery,other infection-related complications and acute rejection.Continuous variables with normal distribution were represented as ~ ± s.The univariate analysis was done by the Chi-square test.The multivariate analysis was done by the Logistic regression model.Results (1) The bloodstream infection status after liver transplantation:186 bloodstream infections were happened in 107 patients undergoing liver transplantation,with a total incidence of bloodstream infection of 29.32% (107/365).The incidence of bloodstream infection was 28.18% (62/220) in the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University and 31.03% (45/145) in the South Central Hospital Affiliated to Wuhan University,with no statistical difference (x2=0.186,P >0.05).Of 107 patients,56 patients had once bloodstream infection,31 had twice bloodstream infection and 20 had three times or more bloodstream infection (frequency of the most bloodstream infection was 6).The inadequate anti-infection treatment was applied to the 41.12% (44/107)of patients with liver transplantation and bloodstream infection.The number of patients with primary infection positions in abdomen,lung,urethra,intravascular catheter and unknown sites were 40,39,3,1 and 24,respectively.The Gram positive bacteria,Gram negative bacteria,fungus and mixed infection of microorganism infection type were detected in 28,24,4 and 51 patients,respectively.There were 102 patients with nosocomial infection.Bacteria culture results in 186 strains of blood sample illustrated:84 strains were Gram positive bacteria as major pathogenic bacteria,among which enterococcus (31 strains) and staphylococcus aureus (23 strains) were dominant strains.The bloodstream infection-related mortality was 37.38% (40/107),including 35 patients dying of septic shock.(2) The univariate analysis showed that the gender,resource of the donor,infection temperature,type of microorganism,serum creatinine level,serum Alb level,WBC in peripheral blood,PLT in peripheral blood and septic shock were the risk factors affecting bloodstream infection-related death after liver transplantation (x2=5.801,5.920,13.047,12.776,11.366,7.976,25.173,9.289,51.905,P <0.05).The multivariate analysis showed that serum Alb level < 30 mg/L and septic shock were the independent risk factors affecting bloodstream infection-related death after liver transplantation (OR =5.839,44.983,95 % confidence interval:1.145-29.767,12.606-160.514,P < 0.05).Conclusion It is prone to happen bloodstream infection after liver transplantation,and serum Alb level < 30mg/L and septic shock are the independent risk factors affecting bloodstream infection-related death after liver transplantation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488647

ABSTRACT

As one of the commonest postoperative complications after liver transplantation,fungal infection has a high incidence and mortality.Nowadays,the development of the organ transplantation technique in China has already entered into the era of donation after citizen's death (DCD).Donors of DCD are mainly derived from the patients after brain death,cardiac death or death of both brain and cardiac.These donors usually suffer from long-term hypotension,ischemia,anoxia and secondary recessive or dominant infections during emergency treatment.Hence,preventing the fungal infections in donor organs and recipients after transplantation plays an important role in improving the success rate of liver transplantation.This review focuses on the clinical significance of preventing fungal infection in DCD of liver transplantation.

11.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 156-160, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731536

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate modified technique of renal transplantation model in rats.Methods Sprague-Dawley rats were selected as donors ( n=21 ) and Wistar rats as recipients ( n=42 ) .Renal allografts of both sides were harvested from the donors for renal transplantation.After resection of left kidney , end-to-end anastomosis of renal arteries between donor and recipient was performed by the assistance of home-made catheter.And end-to-end anastomosis between recipient's renal vein and donor's inferior vena cava was also performed.The donor's ureter with bladder patch was anastomosed to the recipient's bladder.Finally the right kidney was removed , cefminox (10 mg) was injected intraperitoneally , and then the abdominal cavity was closed.The operation data were recorded , including the operation time , artery and vein anastomosis time , cold and warm ischemia time and so on.Living for 3 days after operation was regarded as a success model.The success rate of modeling was calculated and the cause of death was analyzed.Results The operation time of donor was (32.7 ±5.6) min, and repair time for kidney was (4.2 ±1.1) min.The operation time of recipient was (42.3 ±42.3) min, including (10.1 ±3.2) min of the artery anastomosis time , (13.9 ±2.5) min of vein anastomosis time, (6.3 ±1.4) min of urinary tract reconstruction time.Warm ischemia time was (5.4 ± 1.8) s, and cold ischemia time was (56.2 ±7.3) min.In 42 recipient rats, 40 rats were successful modeling and the success rate was 95.2%.Two rats died.One died of artery anastomosis hemorrhage , and the other died of diffuse peritonitis caused by urine leakage.Conclusions Renal transplantation model in rats with modified vascular end-to-end anastomosis has the characters of simple handling , short operation time and high success rate.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2829-2836, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318527

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Our goal was to evaluate the outcomes of kidney transplants from controlled cardiac death donors compared with brain death donors by conducting a meta-analysis of cohort studies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The PubMed database and EMBASE were searched from January 1980 to July 2013 to identify studies that met pre-stated inclusion criteria. Reference lists of retrieved articles were also reviewed. Two authors independently extracted information on the designs of the studies, the characteristics of the study participants, and outcome assessments.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nine cohort studies involving 84 398 participants were included in this meta-analysis; 3 014 received kidneys from controlled cardiac death donors and 80 684 from brain death donors. Warm ischemia time was significantly longer for the controlled cardiac death donor group. The incidence of delayed graft function was 2.74 times (P < 0.001) greater in the controlled cardiac death donor group. The results are in favor of the brain death donor group on short-term patient and graft survival while this difference became nonsignificant at mid-term and long term. Sensitivity analysis yielded similar results. No evidence of publication bias was observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This meta-analysis of retrospective cohort studies suggests that the outcome after controlled cardiac death donors is comparable with that obtained using kidneys from brain death donors.</p>


Subject(s)
Brain Death , Death , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Tissue Donors
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468166

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics of external iliac artery vascular complications atfer renal transplantation and the diagnosis and treatment. Methods: We reviewed the clinical data of 6 patients with of external iliac artery vascular complications atfer renal transplantation from more than 2000 renal transplantation patients in the Transplantation Center of the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from 2001 to 2013, and analyzed the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment. Results: hTe renal allogratf was removed in 5 of the 6 patients due to repeated external iliac arteryhemorrhage: 2 patients were replaced the external iliac artery with reversed autogenous great saphenous vein, 2 patients underwent the bilateral femoral artery bypass surgery, and 1 was repaired the external iliac artery directly. The other 1 was resected the renal allograft and the involved external iliac arteries due to fungal mass in the external iliac artery. Among the 6 patients, except 1 patient died atfer the surgery of the repair of the external iliac artery, the other 5 are all alive. Conclusion: Vascular replacement and artery bypass are effective methods for patients with external iliac artery vascular complications atfer kidney transplantation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 3A5 gene (CYP3A5) and multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR-1) and their distributions in Hans renal transplant recipients in Hunan province, we analyzed the difference of the gene polymorphisms and distributions between Hunan province and 11 other provinces of China. Methods:We collected 598 Hans renal transplant recipients who had operation or follow-up examination in 3rd Xiangya Hospital from Hunan province. We examined the gene polymorphisms of CYP3A5 and MDR-1 and compared their distributions with the data from 11 other provinces of China by chi-square test. Results:hTere were CYP3A5*1/*1 genotype in 58 cases (9.7%), CYP3A5*1/*3 genotype in 251 cases (42.0%), CYP3A5*3/*3 genotype in 289 cases (48.3%);MDR-1 3435CC genotype in 238 cases (39.8%), MDR-1 3435CT genotype in 263 cases (44.0%), MDR-1 3435TT genotype in 97 cases (16.2%). Frequency of CYP3A5*1/*1 and*1/*3 genotypes of Hunan province was higher than the that from the 11 other provinces of China and the frequency of mutator*3 was lower. Frequency of MDR-1 3435CC and 3435CT genotypes of Hunan province was higher and the frequency of mutator T was lower than that from the 11 other provinces of China. Conclusions:There were significant difference in gene polymorphisms and distributions of CYP3A5 and MDR-1 between Hunan province and the 11 other provinces of China. It may be a guideline for us to use calcineurin inhibitor drugs in the early stage atfer renal transplantation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814744

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the risk factors of delayed graft function (DGF) and its impact on renal transplantation from donation after cardiac death (DCD).@*METHODS@#We conducted a retrospective study consisting of 48 subjects who underwent a DCD kidney transplantation from February 2010 to March 2012. We classified the recipients into two groups: an IGF (immediate graft function) group (n=30) and a DGF group (n=18), and analyzed the risk factors of DGF and its impact on transplantation.@*RESULTS@#DGF occurred in 18 of the 48 (37.5%) kidneys from DCD donors, and the occurrence of DGF did not adversely influence the survival of patients (P=0.098) and graft (P=0.447). In the univariate analysis, the preoperative dialysis time of recipients (P<0.001), HLA mismatch site (P<0.001), the cause of brain death (P=0.011), BMI (P<0.001), preoperative serum creatinine of donors (P=0.0001), norepinephrine used in donors (P<0.001), warm ischema time (WIT) (P<0.001), cold ischema time (CIT) (P<0.001) showed significant differences. In the multivariate analysis, cerebral hemorrhage as the cause of brain death (P=0.022, OR=39.652), preoperative serum creatinine of donors≥177 μmol/L (P=0.008, OR=57.148) and the preoperative dialysis time of recipients≥12 months (P=0.060, OR=15.060) were independent risk factors for DGF development.@*CONCLUSION@#The independent risk factors for DGF are the cause of brain death, the terminal creatinine level, and the preoperative dialysis time.


Subject(s)
Brain Death , Creatinine , Blood , Delayed Graft Function , Graft Survival , Humans , Kidney , Kidney Transplantation , Multivariate Analysis , Renal Dialysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Tissue Donors
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the recovery of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving kidney transplant from cardiac death donors, and to assess graft survival in China from this type of donor.@*METHODS@#A total of 48 cases of patients with ESRD have received the kidneys from cardiac death donors in our hospital between February 2010 and March 2012. We retrospectively analyzed data on the preoperative and postoperative serum creatinine concentrations, on the survival of recipients and allografts with a view to investigating prognoses after this type of kidney transplant.@*RESULTS@#Primary non-function (PNF) did not occur in any of the 48 recipients. Delayed graft function (DGF) occurred in 18 of 48 (37.5%) of kidneys from cardiac death donors, but the occurrence of DGF did not adversely influence patient's survival (P=0.098) or graft survival (P=0.447). Seven of 48 (14.6%) recipients lost their graft. Over a median follow-up period of 8 months (range 0.5-23 months), 39 of 41(95.1%) recipients' graft function had fully recovered. The actuarial graft and patient's survival rates at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after transplantation were 95.7%, 93.0%, 90.0%, 87.5%, and 100%, 94.9%, 90%, 87.5%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#As the legislation of donation after brain death (DBD) has not been ratified in China, the use of kidneys from cardiac death donors might be an effective way to increase the number of kidneys available for transplantation here. Our experience indicates good short- and mid-term outcomes with transplants from cardiac death donors.


Subject(s)
Adult , Brain Death , Cadaver , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Delayed Graft Function , Epidemiology , Female , Graft Survival , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Tissue Donors
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404528

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Liver cells are regulated by proliferation and apoptosis following ischemia/reperfusion injury, and the liver regeneration is obvious inhabited after ischemia/reperfusion injury, which can be relieved by ischemic preconditioning. However, the mechanism is still poorly understood.OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of ischemic preconditioning on remained liver cell apoptosis and proliferation following autologous liver transplantation.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: The randomized controlled animal experiment was performed at the experimental animal center of Xiangya Medical College of Central South University from September 2006 to July 2007.MATERIALS: Totally 144 male Sprague Daweley rats were randomly divided into hepatic resection, auto-transplantation, ischemic preconditioning groups, with 48 animals in each group.METHODS: Rats in the hepatic resection group were underwent left hepatic lobe and median lobe resection without blocking blood current at the right hepatic lobe and caudal lobe. In the auto-transplantation group Venous traffic branches of rats were broke, with liberating caudate lobe, first porta hepatis, and inferior vena cava, followed by blocking and continuous hypothermical perfusion preservative fluid via porta hepatic, simultaneously, anemia hepatectomy was performed (left hepatic lobe and median lobe was resected). The liver was washed and preserved in cold preservation solution for 15 minutes. At the end, portal triad clamping was removed and underwent abdominal closure. The procedure of rats in the ischemic preconditioning group was identical to auto-transplantation group except 10 minutes blocking and 10 minutes recover the blood flow at right hepatic lobe and caudal lobe prior to portal vein perfusion. Liver tissues were harvested at hours 0, 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 after hepatic resection in 3 groups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Contents of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase were calculated by biochemical analyzer. The index of cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. In addition, proliferation of liver cells was measured by Ki-67 expression. RESULTS: Compared to the auto-transplantation group, the levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase were dramatically decreased in hepatic resection and ischemic preconditioning groups at each time point exception with 0 hour after operation (P < 0.05). Few apoptosis cells existed in each group at 0 hour after operation. The index of cell apoptosis increased slightly after resection in the hepatic resection group, which was sharp increased in the auto-transplantation group after reperfusion, reached a peak at 12 hour, and then gradually decreased. Compared auto-transplantation group, the index of cell apoptosis in ischemic preconditioning group was significantly decreased (P < 0.05). The expression of Ki-67 in 3 groups increased after hepatic resection, peaked at 24 hour after hepatic resection, then decreased lower and lower. Compared to the hepatic resection group, the expression of Ki-67 in auto-transplantation group was significantly lower after hepatic resection (P < 0.05). Compared to the auto-transplantation group, the expression of Ki-67 in ischemic preconditioning group was significantly increased after hepatic resection (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Ischemic preconditioning can decrease cell apoptosis and promote cell proliferation after rat's liver auto-transplantation, which may be one mechanisms of ischemic preconditioning in promoting liver regeneration.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528963

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the method of preparation of donor liver in liver transplantation. Methods The methods and skills of donor liver preparation and the anomaly artery reconstruction of graft in 64 cases of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) were retrospectively analyzed. Results All allografts had preparation and were suitable for clinical transplantation. Thirteen cases with hepatic artery anatomy variation were found. Among the 13 cases, 5 cases were reconstructed. Splenic artery (3/5) and gastro-duodenal artery (2/5) were typically used for anastomosis of the variant hepatic arteries. No complications resulted from donor liver preparation. Conclusions Correct preparation of the donor hepatic artery and biliary tracts, can decrease the incidence of hepatic artery and biliary tract complications after liver transplantation, and is the key to ensure successful donor liver preparation.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL