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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476942

ABSTRACT

The modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is urgent need of the modern theory of TCM, is a consensus. But, How to establish and what kind of modern TCM theory, is far from a consensus. Based on the summarization of the common law in the construction of scientific theory, we are trying to give a answer that are expected to form a consensus. Firstly, we have illustrated the trend that the development of TCM theory should learn from the life and medical sciences theory function and value; Secondly, we have proven that TCM and TCM theory belongs to the traditional medicine and theory and pointed out the limitation of the traditional medicine, TCM and its theory. And then we have revealed the inevitable trend of traditional medicine, TCM and its theory development at home and abroad, logically obtained the inevitable choice of constructing the modern TCM basic theory; Lastly, we have analyzed the different discipline new theory construction process and method at home and abroad and discovered the common five steps rule, put forward three principles and five steps of constructing modern TCM basic theory, demonstrated its important role during the theoretical revolution promoting Chinese Medicine theory from phenomenon description to mechanism clarification and the scientific value of Chinese Medicine theory in the domestic and foreign development trend.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 218-224, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318009

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Statin therapy has affected glucose homoeostasis of type 2 diabetes patients, which could be related with bile acids metabolism. Whether bile acid metabolism and the expression of farnesoid X receptor (FXR), liver X receptor-α (LXR-α) and sterol regulatory element-binding protein (Srebp)-1c is regulated by hyperglycemia, or whether simvastatin therapy led to higher glucose is related with down-regulated expression of FXR in diabetic rats remained unclear.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal control rats, insulin resistance rats, diabetic model rats, and the late simvastatin induced diabetic rats. Normal control rats were fed with standard diet, others were fed with high-fat diet. Diabetic model rats were induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). The late simvastatin induced diabetic rats started simvastatin administration after STZ induced diabetic model rats. Characteristics of fasting blood glucose (FPG), lipid files and total bile acids (TBAs) were measured and the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed after overnight fasting at the eighth weekend. RNA and protein levels of FXR, LXR-α and Srebp-1c were tested by Western blotting and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The insulin resistance rats showed higher glucose, lipid files and lower expression of FXR compared with normal control rats (P > 0.05). The diabetic model rats showed significantly higher glucose, lipid files, TBA and lower expression of FXR compared with insulin resistance rats (P < 0.05). The late simvastatin induced diabetic rats displayed higher glucose and TBA and lower expression of FXR compared with diabetic model rats (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Changes in bile acid homeostasis, including the alterations of bile acid levels and bile acid receptors, are either a cause or a consequence of the metabolic disturbances observed during diabetic models. Statin therapy induced hyperglycemia may be related with FXR, SHP, LXR-α and Srebp-1 pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Glucose Tolerance Test , Homeostasis , Insulin Resistance , Physiology , Liver X Receptors , Male , Orphan Nuclear Receptors , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Simvastatin , Therapeutic Uses , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 , Metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416240

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of coping styles and personalities in the etiology of Graves' disease (GD). Methods All participants (581 patients and 800 normal controls) completed the general information questionnaires,trait coping style questionnaires(TCSQ) and eysenck personality questionnaires revised,short scale for Chinese(EPQ-RSC). Basic characteristics of all subjects were documented, and logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the role of coping styles and personality in etiology of GD. Results The negative coping style(OR = 1.068,P=0.000) ,concealing character(OR = 1. 121, P=0.000) and internal and external personality (OR = 1.089, P = 0.005) neurotic personality (OR > 1.000, P< 0.05) were risk factors of GD( OR = 1. 162, P = 0.000) ,positive coping style was protective factor of GD( OR < 1.000, P<0.05). Conclusion Positive coping style and specific personality adjustment can prevent effectively onset of GD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594938

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the oral decontamination effect of chlorhexidine on ventilator-associated pneumonia. METHODS One hundred and eight patients needing mechanical ventilation were randomly divided into two groups.This was a double-blind and placebo-controlled trial.Placebo group decontaminated oral cavity with saline and test group with 0.5% chlorhexidine.Finally we compared difference of the incidence of VAP,oropharyngeal colonization and endotracheal colonization between two groups. RESULTS There were no statistic differences between two groups in the age,gender,constituent ratio of underlying disease,APACHEⅡ and clinical pulmonary infection scores(CPIS).The incidence of VAP,early onset VAP,oropharyngeal colonization and endotracheal colonization in test group was statistically lower than those in placebo group. CONCLUSIONS Oropharyngeal decontamination with chlorhexidine reducg and delays the development of VAP in patients receiving mechanical ventilation.It is a safe and effective antiseptic solution in oral care.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541076

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of galectin-3 expression on fine needle aspiration (FNA) smearsandtissueslicesof thyroid tumors in distinguishing benign from malignant tumors. Methods Galectin-3 expression on FNA smears and tissue slices of thyroid tumors from 72 thyroidectomy specimens was detected by immunochemical method (SP method). Results Galectin-3 expression was high on FNA smears and tissue slices of malignant thyroid tumors, whereas there was no or low expression of galectin-3 on FNA smears and tissue slices of benign thyroid tumors. The difference of positive rates of galectin-3 expression between malignant and benign thyroid tumors was significant on both FNA smears and tissue slices (? 2=43.73 and ? 2=48.16, respectively, both P0.05). Conclusion Galectin-3 expression is different between benign and malignant tumors. Galectin-3 expression level is higher in FNA smears and tissue slices of malignant thyroid neoplasms than that of benign ones, suggesting that galectin-3 is a reliable molecular marker in distinguishing benign from malignant thyroid tumors. Galectin-3 expression with immunochemical method may be used in diagnosing benign or malignant thyroid tumors.

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