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1.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 111-113,128, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605853

ABSTRACT

Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is an extremely rare disease without any unified diagnostic criterion.The symptoms are usually nonspecific.Liver biopsy remains the most valuable tool for diagnosis of PHL.The predominant histology of PHL is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.The therapeutic modalities are variable,including surgery,chemotherapy,radiotherapy,or combination of the various processes.This article described a 33-year-old man with diffuse large B-cell PHL who was treated at the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Shanxi Medical Univeitity Blood Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Center in February 2014.The patient benefited from eight-cycle chemotherapy.At present,the patient is disease-free and undergoes regular follow-up.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711996

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the ultrasonographic features of enlarged central lymph nodes in thyroid microcarcinoma and its clinical significance.Methods The data of 422 cases of thyroid microcarcinoma in Shanxi Medical University Affiliated Tumor Hospital from January 2014 to December 2014 was investigated retrospectively.For the enlarged central lymph nodes,the results of ultrasonography,intraoperative detection and surgical pathology were compared,and the ultrasound characteristics of enlarged lymph nodes were assessed.Results In 422 cases of thyroid microcarcinoma,128 cases of central compartment lymphadenopathy were identified,including 276 nodes detected by preoperative ultrasound.The ultrasonic characteristics of central lymph nodes included hypo-echoic (98.6%,272/276),L/T ≥ 2 (63.8%,176/276),absence of echogenic hilus (72.1%,199/276),poor blood supply (91.7%,253/276).Surgery detected 978 paratracheal lymph nodes,and 522 nodules were ≤ 5.0 mm in diameter (53.4%).Among 422 patients,100 cases with paratracheal lymph nodes were confirmed by pathology (23.7%).Preoperative ultrasound undetected pretracheal and prelaryngeal lymph nodes,and surgery detected 51 nodes,including 30 nodules ≤ 5.0 mm in diameter (58.8%) and 5 nodules > 10.0 mm in diameter (9.8%),of whom 7 cases with pretracheal and prelaryngeal lymph nodes were identified by pathology.Conclusions Preoperative ultrasound was prone to undetected,which may be involved with the deep location,the smaller diameter and complicated anatomy.The present findings emphasize that a negative US does not obviate the need for careful exploration of the central compartment to minimize the risk of persistent or recurrent local disease.The sonographer should be familiar with the status of central lymph node metastasis and ultrasonic features.The sonographer also should expand the area of the initiative while detect the central compartment lymphadenopathy,which is important guiding for surgical removal of thyroid cancer and lymph node metastasis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637303

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the ultrasound features of ultrasonograpy-false-positive benign thyroid nodules in 37 cases. Methods With pathology results as the golden standard, thirty-seven patients with forty-six nodules were misdiagnosed as thyroid cancer by ultrasonography. The pre-operative diagnosis of ultrasonography were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Results Among forty-six thyroid nodules, twenty-one nodules had a diameter of 10.0 mm or smaller, while the other twenty-five nodules had a diameter of larger than 10.0 mm. In all forty-six thyroid nodules, the pre-operative ultrasonography found the majority of nodules with 3 or more than 3 malignant signs. The forty-six thyroid nodules showed solid (89.1%, 41/46), cystic-solid (10.9%, 5/46), marked hypoechogencity (87.0%, 40/46), ill-defined margin (56.5%, 26/46), calcification (76.1%, 35/46),microcalcification and macrocalcification), and taller-than-wide shape (30.4%, 14/46). The thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) lexicon was introduced to describe the lesions:forty-one nodules were categorized as TI-RADS 4c and 5 nodules were categorized as TI-RADS 5. On histology, these misdiagnosed thyroid nodules revealed severe fibrosis, hyalinization and calcification. The ultrasonic images were complicated and difficult to be differentiated from thyroid cancer. Conclusion Benign thyroid nodules with fibrosis, hyalinization, hemorrhage and calcification will lead tothe significant change on lesions' morphology, echo intensity and internal structure. When the benign and malignant signs ultrasound co-existed in a single thyroid nodule, benign thyroid nodules might be easily misdiagnosed as thyroid cancer.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437651

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the ultrasonographic features of primary female genital system lymphoma and its histopathological characteristics.Methods Sonographic appearances and histopathological characteristics of 14 patients who were pathologically comfirmed as primary female genital system lymphoma were reviewed.Results Fourteen patients underwent ultrasonography and 15 lesions were found,6 cases of which were found in the ovary and cervix separately,3 cases in the uterine body.Among the lesions detected,10 of which respectively represents extremely low echo and homogeneous internal echo,all lymphomas had posterior enhancement.The margins were most frequently circumcribed (13/15),5numbers primary lymphomas of the ovary were mostly elliptical in shape,while 5 numbers of cervix tumors showed the shape of lobular,all of the tumors in the uterine body showed diffuse symmetrical enlargement without disruption of the endometria.Color Doppler imaging showed hypervascularity in most tumors(13/15).The pathological examination showed that all tumors were non-Hodgkin lymphoma diffuse B-cell type.Conclusions Primary female genital system lymphoma has some ultrasonic features,including extremely low echo,homogeneous echo and posterior enhancement.Final diagnosis depends on the histopathology.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 606-610, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436831

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods The literature about HRT in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis were searched.Eleven papers were subjected to a Meta-analysis and a heterogeneity test was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of HRT.Results HRT reduced the level of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in RA patients (P=0.016),the SMD was-0.22(-0.40,-0.04); improved bone mineral density (BMD) in RA patients (P=0.022),the WMD was 2.83(0.41,5.26); decreased clinical parameters for disease activity evaluations of RA patients (P=0.048),the SMD was-0.19 (-0.38,0.00); decreased the level of C-reactive protein (CRP) in RA patients,the SMD was-0.08 (-0.37,0.21),but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.591).Conclusion The findings from this Meta-analysis indicate that HRT can reduce the ESR level,improve clinical indexes and improve BMD level of RA patients.HRT may suppress disease activity and osteoporosis of RA patients,so it may be used as an auxiliary therapy in the treatment of RA.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 448-451,454, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598449

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze imageology appearance and clinical characteristics of the cystic and solid breast carcinoma.Methods Features of MRI and B-type ultrasonic inspection of 26 patients with the cystic and solid breast carcinoma pathologically confirmed (15 patients with mucinous carcinoma,6 patients with intracystic papillary carcinoma,5 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the breast) were retrospectively reviewed.Results In terms of clinical appearance,the incidence of the squamous cell breast carcinoma with an average age of 70.1 years old was larger than in youth,while mucinous carcinoma with an average age of 67.7 years old and intracystic carcinoma of breast with an average age of 55.1 years old were contrary.The squamous cell breast carcinoma developed more quickly than mucinous carcinoma and intracystic carcinoma of breast.The squamous cell breast carcinoma often occurred around mammilla (4/5),while the mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma often occurred upper outer quadrant of breast,which was similar with other breast cancer.The average size of 49.6 mm in the squamous cell breast carcinoma was largest than the average size of 25.1 mm in mucinous carcinoma and the average size of 35.2 mm in intracystic papillary carcinoma.The malignant degree of squamous cell breast carcinoma was higher than mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma,which intended to occur lymph node metastasis and skin infiltration.The diagnosis probability of mucinous carcinoma was smaller than intracystic papillary carcinoma through preoperative puncture,while squamous cell breast carcinoma was larger.On the MRI imageology appearance,both types of breast cancer had the same shape of rotundity or lobulated.The tumors were low signal on T1WI and partially high signal on T2WI,which were circular enhancement after enhancement.However,the edge of mucinous carcinoma and squamous cell breast carcinoma was rougher than intracystic papillary carcinoma compared with squamous cell breast carcinoma.The bursa wall of mucinous carcinoma was more uniformity,while papillary soft tissue image can be found in intracystic papillary carcinoma,which was enhanced significantly after enhancement.In terms of ultrasonic sound (US),there were low echo signal and high echo signal on the back of tumor compared with other breast tumor.There were shadow beside mucinous carcinoma.Squamous cell breast carcinoma was rich in blood supply,while mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma were opposite.Conclusion Histological type of cystic and solid breast carcinoma is complex,but the appearances of MRI and US have some characteristics.Histological type and the range of disease could be guessed through the combination of preoperative puncture and clinical appearance,which plays an important role in operation mode and treatment guidance.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425685

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of strain ratio (SR) in the diagnosis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis.Methods 116 patients who had been diagnosed clinically as Hashimoto' s thyroiditis were enrolled in the study.Those patients were classified into four groups:the hyperthyroidism group,the euthyroidism group,the subclinical hypothyroidism group,and the clinical hypothyroidism group.50volunteers with normal thyroid functions were enrolled as a control group.SR of the thyroid and sternocleidomastoid muscle of same side was calculated.The correlation coefficient between the elasiticity SR and the serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) was evaluated and their differences in the diagnosis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis were compared.ResultsThe Spearman's correlation coefficient between the SR and the serum TSH was 0.605,which was significant (P =0.000).The SR increased in an ascending order among the group with hyperthyroidism,the control group,the group with euthyroidism,the group with subclinical hypothyroidism,and the group with clinical hypothyroidism.ConclusionsElastography SR is valuable way for evaluating the progression of Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 335-337, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380885

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the endoluminal ultrasonographie characteristics of adenoearcinoma and mucous adenocareinoma of the rectum. Methods The ultrasonographie characteristics of thirty eases of advanced adenoeareinoma of the rectum and twenty-eight eases of rectal mucous adenoearcinoma were analyzed retrospectively in comparison with their eorresponding pathologic images. Results In advanced adenocareinoma of the rectum, 28 eases manifested rough endoluminal surface, of which 19 marked by thickened changes without arrangement of layers, 10 had indistinct arrangement of layers in some areas and one had clear arrangement of layers. In the deepest margin of infiltration, 17 eases manifested sentus, homed or knot-like protuberance, while 5 marked by wavy margins, and 8 cases had clear and fiat margins. In 25 eases of rectal mucous adenocareinoma, 20 manifested smooth endoluminal surface. With regard to infiltration of tumors to rectal wall, 6 cases manifested clear arrangement of layers, while 13 had clear arrangement of layers in part and 6 had no clear arrangement. In the deepest part of infiltration, 8 eases manifested slippery and fiat margins and 10 manifested wavy margins and 7 had a few sentus, homed or knot-like protuberance locally. According to ultrasonic results of the depth of infiltration to rectal wall in comparison with pathologic findings, 25 eases were diagnosed accurately, while in two cases the diagnosis was too shallow and in three eases it was too deep. In rectal mucous adenocarcinoma, 10 cases got correct diagnosis and 14 were diagnosed superficially and one got too deep. The accuracy of ultrasonic diagnosis on rectal mueoas adenoearcinoma was apparently lower than that of adenoeareinoma and most of the misdiagnosis were too superfieiai. Conclusion There are different ultrasonographie characteristics of rectal adenoeareinoma and rectal mucous adenoeareinoma, which can be helpful for the typing of rectal carcinoma and avoiding excessively superficial misdiagnosis.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 674-677, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380330

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the value of intrarectal filling with water and filling in rubber sheath with water in endoluminal uhrasonography for preoperative staging of rectal tumors. Methods 215 cases of rectal tumors were divided into two groups. 120 cases using the method of filling in rubber sheath with water and 95 cases using intrarectal filling with water were diagnosed with uhrasonography. The results were compared with corresponding pathologic results for the judgment of their accuracy. Results The accuracy for the diagnosis of infiltration depth was 60.0 % in the first group and was 73.7 % in the second. The difference was statistically significant (P <0.05). The accuracy for diagnosis of metastases of perirectal lymph nodes was 82.5 % in the first group and was 80.0 % in the second. The difference has no statistical significance (P >0.50). Conclusion Intrarectai filling with water is better than filling in rubber sheath with water in the diagnosis of infiltration depth of rectal tumors, while there is no difference in the diagnosis of metastasis of perirectal lymph nodes.

10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 111-113,116, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597118

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and distinguish the sonographic characteristics of chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CTL) and its nodules.Methods Ultrasonographic characteristics of 107 patients with histologically confirmed CTL was observed with a 7.5-12 MHz transducer and confirmed with the operation and pathology.Seventy four cases of CTL were examined by color Doppler flow image (CDFI),serum thyroid hormone levels were determined in 38 cases of CTL.Results In 57 cases of CTL,the pattern of diffuse low echoes was found in 14 cases (24.6 %),and nodulose pattern in 43 cases (75.4 %) in which diffuse numerous hypoecoie microdules in 16 (37.2%),and sporadic small nodules in 27 (62.8 %).All cases showed degeneration and disappearance of thyroid follicles,lymph cells invasion in varying degrees on pathology.Nodular goiter was commonly detected in 40 cases CTL (37.4 %),adenoma in 4 cases (3.7 %),hyperthyroidism in one case,non-Hodgkin lymphoma in one case,thyroid carcinoma in 4 cases (3.7 %).Color dopple flow imaging showed in 74 cases,0-Ⅰ 34 cases,Ⅱ 38 cases,Ⅲ 2 cases.The increased flow were observed in 38 cases in both Anti-Tpo and Anti-TG,and in 26 cases in TSH.Conclusion Ultrasonography is complex in CTL,with more complications.Ultrasonography are distinguished between the nodule of CTL and the nodule in the other thyroid diseases.Ultrasonography could help to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention,and provide strong evidence for CTL and its complication in clinic treatment.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 261-263, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383944

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sonographic diagnostic value of poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. Methods Ultrasonography of 22 cases with differentiated thyroid carcinoma and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma were observed with color doppler sonography.The shape,size,echo,boundary,microcalcifieation foci and blood stream distribution were studied,and contrasted with pathological diagnosis after operation.Lymphnode in cervical part and sulcus esophagus were examined.The characters of thyropathy according to the above sonographie features were judged. Results 16uhrasonography or before operation and biopsy,in which 9 were left,7 were right.6 cases were in both leaves.Ultrasound showed that 2 cases were poody differentiated thyroid carcinoma, 1 case was parathyroid carcinoma. 1 case was Hashimoto's thyroditis, and remainders were thyroid carcinoma. Conclusion Ultrasonography could enhance the detection rates and diagnose accordance rates of poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma.

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