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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697083

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of WeChat + family centered health intervention on the self-efficacy of elderly hypertensive patients in General clinic. Methods A total of 102 elderly hypertensive patients aged≥60 years in General clinic from February 2017 to July 2017 were enrolled.They were divided into experimental group and control group with the table of random number, with 51 cases in each group. The experimental group used the WeChat+ family centered health intervention model,while the control group adopted the traditional health education model.The changes of blood pressure and self-efficacy were evaluated before intervention, 3 months and 6 months after intervention respectively. Results There were no statistic significant difference in blood pressure and self-efficacy total score between the two groups before intervention(P>0.05). At 3 months after intervention,the blood pressure(systolic pressure/diastolic pressure)of the patients were(144.20±4.60), (80.00±5.00)mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)in the experimental group,those of which were(154.20±7.16), (87.00±3.81)mmHg in the control group,the differences were statistically significant (t=-2.628,-2.490,P<0.05).At 6 months after intervention,the blood pressure(systolic pressure/diastolic pressure)of the patients were(141.60±6.43),(76.00±4.85)mmHg in the experimental group,those of which were(151.60± 5.94),(85.40±4.56)mmHg in the control group,the differences were statistically significant (t=-2.555,-3.158,P<0.05).There were differences in systolic and diastolic pressure in patients with different groups at different time,and the differences were statistically significant(F=18.668,18.174,P<0.01).The total score of self-efficacy at 3 months and 6 months after intervention was(30.14±0.43),(32.56±0.23)points in the experimental group and (28.14 ± 0.15), (29.40 ± 0.19) points in the control group, the difference was statistically significant(t=9.736, 23.819, P<0.05). The differences in the total score of patients′self-efficacy in different groups at different time had statistically significance (F=2 631.551, P<0.01). Conclusions The WeChat+family centered health intervention model can significantly improve the self-efficacy of the elderly patients with high blood pressure in the General clinic.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 561-567, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502515

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R),and thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) expression in renal tissue and the levels of their antibodies in adult idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN).Also to determine the value of the two markers in the diagnosis of IMN.Methods One hundred and sixteen patients with biopsyproven MN at the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from December 2014 to August 2015 were enrolled,including 86 patients with IMN,10 patients with HBV-MN and 10 patients with stage Ⅴ lupus nephritis (LN-Ⅴ).Twenty patients with minimal change disease (MCD) were regarded as control group.We conducted immunohistochemical analysis of the presence of THSD7A and PLA2R the Paraffin section and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) detecting serum PLA2R-AB and THSD7A-AB concentration to investigate whether there was a correlation between them and clinical indicators.Results Compared with the SMN and MCD groups,the positive rates of PLA2R and PLA2R-AB were significantly higher in IMN groups.Expression PLA2R was detected in 88.4%,47.4%,10% and 0% and PLA2R-AB in 82.6%,15%,10%,0%,respectively,of the patients with IMN,HBV-MN,LN-Ⅴ and MCD.Expression THSD7A was detected in 2.3% of the patients with IMN while not detected in SMN and MCD.THSD7A-AB antibody was negative in all patients.Compared with serum PLA2R-Ab negative individuals,patients with serum PLA2R-Ab positive had lower serum albumin (P < 0.001),higher urine protein excretion (P=0.01).The sensitivity of PLA2R-AB,PLA2R,THSD7A and PLA2R+THSD7A in the diagnosis of IMN were 82.6%,88.4%,2.3%,88.6%,and the specificity was 92%,66.7%,100%,66.7%,respectively.Conclusions PLA2R in renal tissue and serum PLA2R-AB are specific markers for the diagnosis of IMN,which are closely related with the severity of IMN.Expression of THSD7A is only positive in some of IMN patients with negative PLA2R,which can be used as a supplementary examination of IMN patients with negative PLA2R.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 745-752, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501732

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the impac factors of serum N?terminal pro?brain natriuretic peptide (NT?proBNP) in patients with renal failure in non?dialysis phase, and to determine the cut?off point of as a diagnostic values in these patients with heart failure (HF). Methods Cross?sectional study was applied. Clinical data of 145 patients (37 cases of CKD4, 89 cases of CKD5, and 19 cases of acute renal injury (AKI) with renal failure in non?dialysis phase were collected. Comparison between groups and lineal regression analysis were utilized to investigate the impact factors of NT?proBNP, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) to select a better cut?off point of diagnosis in these patients with HF. Results (1) Compared with patients without HF, patients with HF had significantly higher edema, cardiac troponin I, serum phosphorus concentration, and left atrial diameter (LA), while ALB and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were decreased (P0.05). (4) The best cut?off point of NT?proBNP predicting HF in patients with renal failure in non?dialysis phase was 3805 ng/L, AUC=0.848, 95%CI 0.786?0.910. Sensitivity was 82.4%, specificity 74.5%, positive predictive value 62.1%, negative predictive value 87.3%, positive likelihood ratio 3.2, negative likelihood ratio 0.24. Conclusions The level of NT?proBNP>20 000 ng/L is mainly found in end?stage renal disease patients with HF. HF is a main factor for the increase of NT?proBNP in patients with renal failure in non?dialysis phase. High phosphorus viremia, anemia, and hypoalbuminemia are closely related to NT?proBNP. Therefore NT?proBNP predicting HF should take into account the effects of these confounding factors in these patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488791

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of modified Ponticelli regimen in treating patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN).Methods A retrospective analysis was performed in 90 patients with IMN (type Ⅰ / Ⅱ,79/11 respectively) diagnosed by clinical data and renal biopsy.The patients were divided into modified Ponticelli group (n =23),steroid plus cyclophosphamide (CTX) (CTX group,n =39) and steroid plus cyclosporine A(CsA) (CsA group,n =28) according to the treatment.Liver function,renal function,serum lipid,proteinuria were recorded before and after treatment.Efficacy and adverse reactions were evaluated in three groups.Results (1) In all three groups,the quantity of proteinuria after treatment for 3 months [(3.33 ± 1.53) g/d,(4.70 ± 2.97) g/d,(3.92 ± 2.57) g/d],6 months [(1.60 ± 1.10) g/d,(2.34 ± 1.61) g/d,(2.25 ± 1.78) g/d] was significantly decreased compared with baseline level[(7.26 ± 2.06) g/d,(7.50 ± 2.55) g/d,(7.54 ± 2.70) g/d;P < 0.05].Serum albumin levels at 3 months [(31.42 ± 3.86) g/d,(30.59 ± 5.79) g/d,(30.90 ± 7.87) g/d],6 months [(36.25 ± 4.20) g/d,(34.70 ± 6.70) g/d,(35.36 ± 8.29) g/d] were significantly increased compared with baseline levels [(24.13 ± 2.61) g/d,(23.98 ± 3.79) g/d,(22.94 ± 4.57) g/d;P < 0.05],whereas serum creatinine at 3 and 6 months had no significant changes (P > 0.05).(2) After treatment for 3 months,partial remission rates in modified Ponticelli group,CTX group and CsA group were 39.1%,35.9%,35.7% respectively and complete remission rates were 8.7%,5.1%,10.7%,which were not statistically significant in all three groups (P > 0.05).At 6 months,partial remission rates in three groups were 56.5%,41.0%,42.9% respectively and complete remission rates were 21.7%,20.5%,28.6%,which did not suggested significant difference in all three groups either (P > 0.05).(3) In modified Ponticelli group,steroid diabetes,impaired liver dysfunction,infections and gastrointestinal adverse events occurred in 1,1,2 and 2 patients,respectively.In CTX group,steroid diabetes,infections and gastrointestinal adverse events occurred in 5,8 and 2 patients,respectively.In CsA group,steroid diabetes and infections occurred in 1 and 3 patients,respectively.Conclusion Modified Ponticelli regimen to treat patients with IMN has a trend of better outcome than classic CTX regimen.The efficacy is not inferior to CsA regimen with fewer side effects.

5.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 491-496, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482929

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the serum level of placental growth factor (PLGF) and explore its relationship with left ventricular structure and function in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients.Methods Seventy-two non-dialysis CKD patients and sixteen age-and sex-matched healthy controls were included in this study.Serum PLGF level was measured by ELISA.Cardiac structure and function were assessed by two dimensional echocardiography.Results (1)The serum level of PLGF in CKD patients[3.32(2.97,19.77) ng/L] was significantly higher compared to the healthy controls [2.33(2.27,2.49) ng/L] (P < 0.01).It progressively increased with the decline of renal function (P< 0.05/6).(2)The interventricular septum (IVS),left ventricular posterior wall (LVPW) was significantly higher while the ejection fraction was significantly lower in CKD patients.(3)The serum PLGF level was higher in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) than those without LVH [19.05(3.31,21.05) ng/L vs 2.99(2.60,3.32) ng/L,P < 0.05].The prevalence of LVH in the group above median PLGF level was significantly higher than that in the group below the median PLGF level (70% vs 18%,P < 0.01).(4)PLGF level was positively correlated with left ventricular mass index (LVMI),systolic pressure,diastolic pressure,24 h urine protein,Scr,UA,BUN,iPTH,the history of high blood pressure and was negatively correlated with LVEF,hemoglobin,albumin,eGFR (P < 0.05).Multiple regression results showed that UA,Scr,LVEF,Hb were associated with PLGF level independently (P < 0.01).Conclusions CKD patients have elevated level of PLGF.It has a relationship with cardiac structure and function.It may participate in the occurrence of cardiovascular events.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480594

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of training management applying character color theory in patients with peritoneal dialysis on the compliance and dialysis effect. Methods Of 95 patients undergoing catherization for peritoneal dialysis from January 2013 to May 2014 in the peritoneal dialysis center,72 patients accepted character color psychological questionnaire designed by Le Jia for character color analysis.72 patients were divided into matched control group and experimental group according to their choice with red, yellow, blue, green character color, 36 cases in each group. The control group adopted the traditional training way of accepting 7 days′training course teached by the professional nursers,one follow- up management each month. According to the difference of character color,the experimental group were given different education training courses, interactive learning, and follow- up time. After 6 months′follow- up, the two groups adopted peritoneal dialysis self management behavior questionnaire designed by Liu Pengfeng and self- efficacy scale designed by education research center for chronic disease in Amercian Stanford University. The score of self management ability and self- efficacy and the change of load capacity, blood pressure, dialysis adequacy and biochemical indicators of the two groups were analyzed. Results In the control group and experimental group,the score of self management ability and self- efficacy and the level of dialysis adequacy were statistically significant, respectively, (5.64±1.57) points vs. (6.75±1.32) points;(5.22±1.48) points vs. (6.69±1.43) points; 1.64±1.64 vs 1.85±0.13.Z and P values were respectively -2.969, -3.828, -6.361, and 0.003, 0.000, 0.000.Edema happened in the control group was 24 cases, and 11 cases in the experimental group. P and χ2 values were 0.013 and 10.017.Systolic blood pressure and di-astolic blood pressure were respectively (147.78±15.69) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs.(135.39±9.01) mmHg,(95.86±7.50) mmHg vs. (83.94±7.46) mmHg in the two groups. Z and P values were respectively -3.843, -5.666, and 0.000, 0.000.There was significant difference between the experimental group and control group. Conclusion The education and training applying character color feature in patients with peri-toneal dialysis can mobilize the initiative of self management, improve the patients' self- care competency and self-efficacy, enhance patients′compliance, that can improve the effect of peritoneal dialysis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451533

ABSTRACT

Autism is pervasive in early children who have developmental disorders.The incidence of autism increased year by year in China.Meanwhile,autism rehabilitation work is also received much concerns.At present,China's rehabilitation work is mainly borne by the family,and the rehabilitation role of school and community in autism has been missing.This paper made a short analysis of the role of autism rehabilitation school and community,so that more readers could have a familiar understanding of the rehabilitation,which can enforce the bigger show of the school and community,and to prompt more children conduct a sooner recovery.

8.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 22-24, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444237

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of insulin resistance on glomerular podocyte lesion of patients with IgA nephropathy.Methods Fifty-one patients with IgA nephropathy diagnosed by renal biopsy were selected as our subjects.The expression of WT1,a marker of podocyte of the renal tissue of patients with IgA nephropathy,was detected by immunohistochemistry.The density of podocyte per glomerulus was calculated by using specific software.The insulin sensitivity index (ISI) was severed as the degree of insulin resistance.Results There were strong negative correlations between ISI and WT1,mean arterial blood pressure,triglyceride,plasma uricemia,serum creatinine,body mass index,glomerular sclerosis integral,integral,mesangial proliferation of vascular lesions integral(r =-0.521,P < 0.05 ;r =-0.544,P < 0.05;r =-0.646,P < 0.01 ;r =-0.559,P <0.05 ;r =-0.741,P <0.01 ;r =-0.561,P <0.05 ;r =-0.740,P < 0.01 ;r =-0.695,P<0.01;r =-0.535,P < 0.05 respectively).There was no significant relationship between ISI and 24 h quantitative urinary protein (r =-1.425,P > 0.05).Conclusion Insulin resistance was involved in glomerular podocyte lesion and may contribute to the progression of IgA nephropathy.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 65-68, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432037

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of clinical and pathological features on the incidence of Hyperuricemia (HUA) in renal glomerular disease.Methods A retrospective analysis was applied to review the clinical and pathological date collected from 3547 patients with renal glomerular disease.These patients were diagnosed as renal glomerular disease by renal biopsy from January 2007 to December 2011.Results (1) HUA incidence was 21.8% (773/3547) in all of the patients,in which the incidence in secondary glomerular disease 27.2% (240/882) was much higher than that in primary glomerular disease 20.7% (552/2665),and the difference was significant (x2 =153.642,P < 0.05).In primary glomerular disease,HUA incidence was the lowest in membranous nephropathy 14.4% (96/665),while HUA incidence in lupus nephritis (LN) 45.3%(110/243) was the highest and small blood vessel infammation kidney damage 34.7% (17/49) was the second in secondary glomerular disease.(2) With the increasing of glomerulosclerosis index,tubulointerstitial score,renal vascular lesions score and the stage of chronic kidney disease,HUA incidence increased (x2 =17.798-298.216,P =0.000).(3)Logistic regression analysis showed that high tubulointerstitial score,glomerulosclerosis index and renal dysfunction,male,overweight or obese,hypertension and hypertriglyceridemia were risk factors for hyperuricemia (OR:1.011-7.513,P < 0.05).Conclusion The uric acid level is increased in nearly a quarter of patients with renal glomerular disease.Severe tubulointerstitial lesion,high glomerulosclerosis index,low glomerular filtration rate,male,overweight or obese,hypertension and hypertiglyceridemia were independent risk factors for HUA.

10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1287-1290, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440311

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) in the patients of primary nephmpathy syndrome (PNS) complicated with acute kidney injury (AKI) by detecting urinary level of NGAL and KIM-1.Methods Senventy-two patients of PNS were selected as our subjects including 34 case with minimal change disease (MCD),23 cases with membranous nephropathy(MN),15 cases with mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN).Fifteen cases of healthy physical examination were selected as control group.Meanwhile subjects were also divided into PNS with ATN group (15 cases) and PNS without ATN group (57 cases) according to their pathology check.ELISA was applied to detect the urinary level of NGAL and KIM-1,whose correlation with pathological type and clinical index were analyzed.Results The urinary level of NGAL and KIM-1 in patients with PNS were (42.37 ± 28.24) μg/L,(2.76 ± 1.11) μg/L respectively,higher than that of control group (P <0.01).The urinary level of NGAL in the MCD group,MN group,MsPGN group were higher than that of control group (46.81 ± 15.75) μg/L,(22.09 ± 7.69) μg/L,(15.31 ± 3.74) μg/L,(8.03 ± 0.35) μg/L respectively,P < 0.05).The urinary level of NGAL in MCD group was significantly highest than that in the other groups (P < 0.05).The urinary level of KIM-1 in the MCD group,MN group,MsPGN group were higher than that of control group(2.41 ±0.58) μg/L,(2.54 ±0.67) μg/L,(2.87 ±0.50) μg/L,(0.73 ±0.35) μg/L respectively,P <0.05).But there was no significant difference among MCD,MN,MsPGN groups(P > 0.05).The urinary level of NGAL and KIM-1 in patients PNS were (42.37 ± 28.34) μg/L and (2.76 ± 1.11) μg/L,significantly higher than that of control group (t =4.668,12.665,P < 0.05).The urinary level of NGAL and KIM-1 in patients PNS with ATN were significantly higher than patient without ATN (NGAL:(74.98 ±9.52) μg/L vs.(31.31 ±2.34) μg/L;KIM-1:(3.60 ±0.92) μg/L vs.(2.54 ±0.81) μg/L,P <0.05).The correlation analysis showed that the urinary level of NGAL and KIM-1 was positively correlated with serum β2-MG,serum creatinine,serum blood urea nitrogen and 24-hour urine protein.(r =0.432,0.299,0.234,0.254,0.434,0.650,0.276,0.301 respectively,P < 0.05).Conclusion The urinary level of NGAL and KIM-1 could be considered as the early,non-invasive biologic factors to reflect in patients of PNS with ATN.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400678

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the feasibility of semi-laminectomy procedures for the management of intradural extramedullary tumors of the spinal cord.Method Retrospective analysis of 19 cases of in-tradural extramedullary tumors of the spinal cord were treated by the approach of semi-laminectomy.including 11 cases of neurilemmoma and 8 cases of meningioma.Results Seventeen cases of extraspinal tumors were totally resection,2 of dumbbell neurilemmomas underwent subtotal resection.No new neurologi-cal disfunetions as well as recurrence or comphcations were found in all cases after the operation.Conclu-sion Semi-laminectomy procedures for the management of intradural extramedullary tumors of the spinal cord is a mini-invasive procedure,and is beneficial to the stability of spine,with the advantages of short hos-pitalization time,slight postoperative reactions and less complications.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 547-549, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400632

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between intrarenal arterial lesions(IAL)and carotid atherosclerosis(AS)in patients with renal glomerular disease.Methods 251 cases with IAL were selected and 129 age-,pressure-and eGFR-matched renal glomerular disease cases without IAL were randomly selected.The carotid intima-media thickness(IMT)was detected.Clinical and laboratory examination and renal histological characteristics were compared the two guoups.Results ①The detection rate of carotid AS was higher in patients with IAL than those without IAL(38.2%vs.20.2%),and higher in patients≥40 years than in patients<40 years(51.3%vs.13.1%)(P<0.05 for each). ②The carotid AS group was older and had higher frequencey of fasting blood glucose,body mass index,smoking,and family history of hypertension,longer duration of established hypertension and renal glomerular disease,higher prevalence of hypertension,IAL and renal lesions,and had lower eGFR than the carotid normal group(all P<0.05).Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that IAL and age emerged as an independent risk factor for carotid AS(OR=1.826 and 1.129,P=0.001 and 0.003).Conclusion The intrarenal arterial lesion is an independent risk factor for carotid atherosclerosis in patients with renal glomerular disease.Controlling blood glucose,blood pressure,weight,smoking quit and delaying progression of kidney disease have important significance in relieving or preventing atherosclerosis and intrarenal arterial lesions of patients with renal glomerular diseases.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-526502

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of TNF-?,IL-12,IL-15 and underglycosylation IgA_1 in mesangial deposition in the clinicopathological study of IgA nephropathy(IgAN).Methods Seventy-four patients with IgAN were enrolled in the study,with 10 patients randomly selected after remission,10 MCD and 10 healthy volunteers as control groups.The levels of TNF-? in serum and urine were examined by radioimmunoassay,and the levels of IL-12 and IL-15 were examined by ELISA.Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of TNF-? in renal tissue,and the directed immunofluorescence was used to detect the underglycosylation of IgA_1(UGIgA_1)in mesangial deposition.Results The levels of TNF-?,IL-12 and IL-15 in serum of patients with IgAN were higher than those of MCD group,healthy control group and remission group.Compared with the negative group,33 patients with UGIgA_1 positive in renal tissues had lower levels of TNF-? in serum,longer course and less class of renal tissue injury.The positive areas of TNF-? in renal tissue and levels of TNF-? in serum were positively correlated with urinary protein(r=0.249,0.702,P=0.000).There was negative correlation between the levels of TNF-? in serum and Ccr(r=-0.231,P=0.048).The levels of IL-15 was positively correlated with the course of disease(r=0.266,P=0.022) and negatively with Scr(r=-0.320,P=0.005).Conclusions The TNF-?,IL-12 and IL-15 are all involved in the onset of proteinuria in IgAN patients,and IL-15 acts as a factor against renal injury.The patients with UGIgA_1 positive in mesangial have longer course and less pathological changes damaged than those of the UGIgA_1 negative patients.The TNF-? may serve as an important factor in the aggravation of IgAN.

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