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1.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 159-162, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514210

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the extraction methods of mitochondrial genome DNA(mtDNA)of Oncomelania hupen-sis. Methods The pyrolysis,protein K variable-temperature digestion and high-concentration potassium acetate purification were applied to optimize the high-concentration-salt precipitation method,and then the optimized method was compared with two common extraction methods,the sucrose density gradient centrifugation method and traditional high-concentration-salt pre-cipitation method. The mtDNA samples were identified by using spectrophotometry,agarose gel electrophoresis and the amplifi-cation products of COX1. The nuclear DNA contamination was tested by the amplification products of ITS. Results The concen-tration and yield of the improved method was significantly higher than those of the traditional method(F=3032.65,10185.00, both P<0.01). The mtDNA samples extracted were essentially free of nuclear DNA and protein,meeting PCR,sequence analy-sis and other molecular biology research requirements. Conclusions The improved high-concentration-salt precipitation meth-od for isolating mtDNA is simple,and it has high yield and low cost. The extracted mtDNA can meet relevant analysis require-ments.

2.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 494-495, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615668

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the breeding quantity and average breeding density of Gohieria fuscus in the grand dust flour of a flourmill and explore the prevention and control measures. Methods A certain amount of grand dust flour was collect-ed from a flourmill,and it was sieved. The powder was placed into the glass pan,and the mites were sought out under an optical microscope and made of specimens. The mites were identified on the basis of literature. Results In this survey,400 g samples were collected from 4 habitats. The average breeding density of mites was 3516/g. The mite was identified as Gohieria fuscus. Conclusions Gohieria fuscus is one of the widely distributed stored mites. It impacts the stored food and reduces the quality of food. In addition,the mite affects human health. Therefore,the preventive measures should be taken.

3.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 496-497,501, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615667

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether there is Blomia tropicalis breeding in the flour warehouse of food factory in a civil aviation airport,and,if there is,to observe the morphological structure of the mite. Methods The flour samples were col-lected from the flour warehouse of food factory in a civil aviation airport. The breeding mites were isolated from the samples by di-rect microscopy and made into specimens to observe with a light microscope. Results Female Blomia tropicalis was found in the collected flour samples. Under the microscope,the mite was nearly spherical,and it had no tergum and claw. Its apodemeⅠwas developed and connected in the midline. The reproductive hole was located between the foot Ⅲand IV level and was cov-ered with a pair of oblique genital folds. The footⅢandⅣhad no solenoids. The copulatory pouch was a long,slightly curved tube,extending from the end of the mite. Conclusions Blomia tropicalis has been found in the flour warehouse of a food factory in the civil aviation airport. The main distinguishing feature of this mite is that it has no tergum,its feet have no pectinate inferi-or tarsus scales or claw,the feetⅠgenu has only one solenidia,and feetⅢandⅣhave no solenidias.

4.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 225-227, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511316

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the Suidasia nesbitti breeding status in the ground dust flour collected in Qiqihaer City. Methods Totally,16 aliquots of ground dust flour were respectively collected from a college canteen and 15 households in Qiq-ihaer City. Then 10 g dust flour was taken from individual sample for isolation of the mites that were made of slide specimen,and the mites were identified and classified under a microscope. Results Acaroid mites were found in 15 of the 16 aliquots of sam-ples(detection rate being 93.8%),and 7 species,belonging to 6 genera under 3 families,were identified. A total of 561 heads of mites were isolated from 160 g samples,with an average breeding density of 3.51 heads/g. The most breeding mite was associ-ated with S. nesbitti. Conclusions Various species of mites are breeding in the ground dust flour in Qiqihaer City,and S. nesbit-ti occurs the most. These findings indicate that effective measures should be taken to prevent and control the harm associated with acaroid mite contamination.

5.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 304-305,330, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604192

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the Tyrophagus palmarum and its hypopus in feed of Tenebrio molitor. Methods Feed samples were collected from T. molitor farms,and T. palmarum and its hypopus were separated from the samples by the vibra?tion sieve method and floating method. The glass specimens were prepared and T. palmarum and its hypopus were observed un?der an optical microscope. Results Under the light microscope,the skin of T. palmarum was smooth and bright,the color of legs and chelicerae was relatively dark,the length of dorsal seta d2 was 3?4 times longer than d1 and la;Theω1 in tarsus of legⅠ,Ⅱwas short rod,and its top was not tapered;the sucker plate in tarsus of legⅣlocated in the middle of the section. The hypopus was oblate,and there were two pairs of legs in front which extended to body. The rear end of hypopus became pointless and round,wrapping around a transparent and ossification skin. Conclusion Light microscopy shows the morphological charac?teristics of T. palmarum and its dormant body,providing the basis for identifying the hypopus.

6.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 429-431, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495740

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the species of Cheyletoidea mites breeding in the culture environment of Eupolyphaga sinensis and to observe the morphology of Eucheyletia reticulata Cunliffe. Methods The soil samples from an E. sinensis farm in northern Anhui were collected. The mites in the soil samples were separated directly under a microscope and the glass speci?mens were made to observe the morphological feature of the mites under a light microscope,then the mites species were identi?fied and classified based on the morphological characteristics. Results In the culture soil of E. sinensis,totally 7 kinds of Chey?letoidea mites were isolated,namely Eucheyletia reticulata Cunliffe,Cheyletus eruditus Schrank,Cheyletus malaccensis Oudemans,Cheyletus troussarti Oudemans,Cheyletus aveisor Rohdendorz,Acaropsis sollers Rohdendorz and Cheletomor?pha lepidopterorum Shaw. They belonged to genera Eucheyletia,Cheletomorpha,Acaropsis and Cheyletus of Cheyletidae Leach family. The Eucheyletia reticulata Cunliffe was firstly found in the culture environment of E. sinensis,and its gnathosoma was large,the pedipalpal femurs were expanding and there were two strips of comb hair and two smooth bristles on the pedipal?pal tarsus,and the back of the body was covered with two pieces of tergum,which were decorated with reticular pattern. The body and foot setae were fan?shape. Conclusions There are various of Cheyletoidea mites found in the breeding environment of E. sinensis. These mites are important species for pest control in the culture environments of E. sinensis. Related measures should be taken to prevent the excessive growth of Cheyletoidea mites,so as to avoid the adverse effects on the quality and quan?tity of E. sinensis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 422-425, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495663

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the population dynamics and spatial distribution of Aleuroglyphus ovatus in the flour warehouse,so as to provide the basic evidence for improving the sampling guidelines that are essential for effective pest monitor?ing and management. Methods The samples from flour warehouses of four localities were collected,examined and counted for A. ovatus in every month in Wuhu City. The dispersion pattern target,Iwao m*/-x regression analysis and Taylor power method were used for analyzing the spatial distribution pattern of A. ovatus in the flour warehouses. Results The peaks of population dynamics of A. ovatus were discovered in July and September,respectively. The indexes of dispersion were as follows:I>0, CA>0,m*/-x >1. At the same time,the parameters in the equation of Iwao:m*=5.471+1.022-x (r=0.999)and Taylor:lgS2=0.697+1.111 lg-x (r=0.987)showed that the spatial distribution pattern of A. ovatus was assembled. Conclusion The peaks of population dynamics of A. ovatus in the flour warehouse are bimodal pattern ,and the spatial distribution pattern of A. ovatus is assembled.

8.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 297-300, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493719

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the species of Acaroid mites breeding in the stored traditional Chinese animal medici?nal materials and the relationship between its community and habitats. Methods A total of 30 samples of traditional Chinese animal medicinal herbs were collected from Wuhu City,Anhui Province,China. The mites were isolated by the directly micro?scopic and floatation microscopic examinations,and then identified and counted under a light microscope. Results Acaroid mites was represented in 28 of the 30 samples,and the breeding rate accounted for as high as 93.3%(28/30). Totally,13 spe?cies of Acaroid mites were identified,which belonged to 4 families and 9 genera. The densities of Acaroid mites were top in 6 Chinese herbal medicines,such as corium erinacei,aspongopus,hirudo,pheretima aspergillum,Apostichopus and huechys. The diversity parameters of these six traditional Chinese animal medicinal herbs were calculated. The highest richness indexes were in aspongopus and hirudo,the highest diversity index was in hirudo,and the highest evenness index was in Apostichopus. Conclusions There are Acaroid mites breeding in parts of the traditional Chinese animal medicinal herbs stored in Wuhu. In the storage and processing of Chinese herbal medicines,we should pay attention to the prevention and control of mites.

9.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 536-540, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502799

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of trematode Aspidogastrea in freshwater mussels in Anhui Province, China. Methods The freshwater mussels living in different water areas within Anhui territory were harvested and dissected from April to May,2015. Then the flukes were collected from the pericardial cavities of the clams into a petri dish containing small amount of saline. After rinsing,the flukes were transferred into a bottle containing 70%ethanol for following identification by staining of the specimens prepared as previous protocol. Results A total of 3 007 calms in 12 species,including Unio doug?lasiae(603),Acuticosta chinensis(90),Lamprotula caveat(150),Lamprotula leai(250),Lanceolaria grayana(47),An?odonta pacifica(60),Anodonta woodiana(350),Cuneopsis heudei(100),Solenaia oleivora(150),Cristaria plicata (567),Hyriopsis cumingii(550)and Arconaia lanceolata(90)were dissected,in which 1 467 mussels were infected with the trematode Aspidogastrea,with an infection rate of 48.79%(1 467/3 007). Totally,7 306 flukes belonging to 3 genera under the subclass of Aspidogastrea were isolated. These trematodes were genera of Aspidogaster,Lophotaspis and Cotylaspis. The in?fection density was from 1 to 128 capita for individual positive clam,with a mean infectiosity of 4.98(7306/1467)for each mus?sel. Conclusion The freshwater bivalves living in different water areas in Anhui Province are infected with the trematode Aspi?dogastrea. These flukes were identified as Aspidogaster sp. Lophotaspis sp. and Cotylaspis sp. belonging to subclass Aspidogas?tridae of family Aspidogastrea.

10.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 852-853, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747281

ABSTRACT

We reported a case of adult Drosophila melanogaster parasitized in nasal cavity of a 81-year-old woman who was living in Xuancheng City, Anhui Province now. She was admitted for treatment of cerebral infarction and water accumulation in the lungs in 2014 June. The patient was also suffering from secretory otitis media, a history of hypertension and heart stents were placed in 2007. A foreign body was found in the left nasal cavity during the preoperative examination process, and then the part of the inflammatory tissue was removed through the nasal endoscopy, and sent to our department for identification. There are three adults of Drosophila in paraffin-embedded biopsy specimens. The parasites length is approximately 3mm, with huge red compound eyes. The end of the body is tip, with 5 ring lines in back, has no dark spots. The abdomen of the parasites have seven sections. Tarsus of foot I have no sex comb on base, and they are male adult of Drosophila melanogaster after identification. After a thorough reviewing of medical history, we knew the patient began to sneeze violently and frequently six years ago. But there was no clear or purulent nasal discharge flowing, therefore did not attract attention. After removing the parasites the sneezing symptoms were relieved, and had no abnormal symptoms in the follow-up 6 months.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Drosophila melanogaster , Endoscopy , Foreign Bodies , Diagnosis , Parasitology , Nasal Cavity , Parasitology
11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 64-65,69, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600487

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the viability of Schistosoma japonicum cercariae by staining. Methods Schistosoma japonicum cercariae were stained by 0.4%trypan blue 0.5%methylene blue?eosin?borax M.E.B 0.5%eosin 0.5%methy?lene blue and 0.05% neutral red respectively for 5 min then they were observed under a stereoscopic microscope. Results The dead cercariae were stained in the trypan blue M.E.B eosin and neutral red but unstained in the methylene blue. The vi?tal cercariae were unstained in all the five kinds of dyes. Conclusion The staining methods by using 0.4% trypan blue 0.5%M.E.B 0.5%eosin and 0.05%neutral red can be used to determine the viability of S. japonicum cercariae.

12.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 299-301, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467994

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemic situation of Metorchis orientalis in Wuhu City Anhui Province. Meth?ods Three lakes Fengming Longwo and Kui lakes were selected in Wuhu City and the poultries around the lakes and fresh?water fishes in the lakes were captured to test the infection of M. orientalis and the infection rates were calculated. Results The adult worms of M. orientalis were found in gall bladder and hepatic duct of domestic ducks with infection rate of 16.7%. The metacercariae of M. orientalis were discovered in the muscle of Pseudorasbora parva and Pseudogobio rivularis with infection rates of 7.13%and 3.38%respectively. Conclusion M. orientalis is endemic in Wuhu City which should be paid enough at?tention to the animal husbandry aquaculture and medicine.

13.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 295-298, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467969

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the breeding situation of Acaroid mites in indoor environments of kindergartens in Wuhu City so as to provide the evidence for its prevention and control. Methods From March to June and September to De?cember in 2014 dust samples were collected from 15 kindergartens of 3 ranks every month. Acaroid mites in the samples were isolated identified and counted. Results Totally 360 samples were selected and 169 samples 46.94% had mite infestation. Pyroglyphidae accounted for the most in the population with the breeding rate of 45.00%. Totally 18 504 mites were found and Dermatophagoides farina and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus were the dominant species with the composition ratios of 30.21%5 590 mites and 17.83% 3 300 mites respectively. The third?ranked kindergartens were in the most serious situation con?cerning with 81.67% 98/120 of the breeding rate of Acaroid mites. The differences were statistically significant among the kin?dergartens with different ranks F=6.048 χ2=73.523 both P0.05 . Conclusion Acaroid mites in the kindergartens in Wuhu City were in serious condition and the population and species composition of Acaroid mite community is influenced by the human behavior and indoors environments.

14.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 466-467, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451625

ABSTRACT

Objective To find out a quick,simple and convenient method of determining the viability of Oncomelania hupen-sis. Methods O. hupensis snails were stained for 30 minutes by 0.05%water soluble dye neutral red,0.5%methylene blue,red ink,methylene blue-eosin-borax(MEB)and 0.4%trypan blue,respectively. The soft tissue samples of the snails were observed by a stereoscopic microscope after crushing their shells. Results The vital snails were stained and the dead were unstained in the neutral red. The vital and dead snails were unstained in methylene blue. However,the vital and dead snails were stained in red ink. The partial vital and dead snails were stained in MEB. The vital snails were stained and the partial dead were stained in trypan blue. Conclusion The use of 0.05%water soluble dye neutral red is simple,rapid and accurate in determination of the viability of O. hupensis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 781-786, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419882

ABSTRACT

Objective To clone and express the immunodominant domain of the chlamydial proteaselike activity factor(CPAF) from Chlamydophila psittaci(Cps) and evaluated the diagnosing value of the recombinant protein in Cps infection.Methods The immunodominant region epitope of CPAF (CPAFm,A196-A450)from Cps was chosen according to bioinformatics analysis and references.The specific primer was designed and the gene was amplified by PCR and then ligated into a pGEX6p-2 vector.Recombinant protein was induced to express by IPTG and analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot.Indirect EL1SA method of serological diagnosis was established with the reorganization protein as coating antigen.One hundred and eighty sera samples from ducks with respiratory tract infection symptoms were detected with the established indirect ELISA and a commercial ELISA-kit to assess the value of the recombinant protein in serodiagnosis.The results were further identified with Western blot.Results Prokaryotic expression vector pGEX6p-2/CPAFm was constructed and a 54x103 fusion protein was attained.The indirect ELISA method was established with reorganization protein for envelope antigen.Using the indirect ELISA to detect Cps lgG positive and negative reference sera,the sensitivity and specificity were both 100% (20/20).And the recombinant protein has no cross reaction with either Chlamydophila pneumoniae or Chlamydophila trachomatis.The concordance rate between the indirect ELISA and Western blot to 180 ducks sera samples was 100%,while the concordance rate of the commercial ELISA kit was 77.5%-95.0%.Conclusion The prepared recombinant protein of the CPAF immunodominant region epitope gene from Gps can highly benefit on developing new indirect ELISA as methods to detect specific anti-Cps antibodies.

16.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-581154

ABSTRACT

Objective To synthesize a new-type thermosensitive liquid embolic material and to investigate the feasibility of using this material to occlude cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs).Methods The copolymer was synthesized with N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and N-n-propylacrylamide (NNPAM),and it's physical and biological properties were estimated.The embolization of AVMs model in vitro by using this copolymer was conducted and the results were analyzed.Results The new-type copolymer possessed unique thermal behavior of lower critical soluble temperature (LCST),and it was water-soluble and non-adhesive with better biocompatibility.The successful embolization of AVMs model could be reliably obtained.Conclusion The copolymer synthesized by the authors is a new-type liquid embolic agent suitable for endovascular embolization of cerebral AVMs in vitro.Based on the results in experiment animals having been reported in medical literature,this copolymer can be further used in clinical research.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556218

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the changes on immunological function in antigen-sensitized mice injected by dermatophagoides farinaeliposomes (DF) subcutaneously. METHODS: BALB/c mice were sensitized with DF antigen injected subcutaneously. After injected by DF liposomes with 1, 3, and 9 ?g?g -1 dosage respectively, the total IgE, total IgG, DF specific IgE(sIgE), DF specific IgG (sIgG), IL-4, and IFN-? were detected by ELISA. RESULTS: The total IgE, sIgE, total IgG, and sIgG in the serum of sensitized mice increased, the level of IFN-? reduced and IL-4 increased. After injected subcutaneously by DF liposomes, the total IgE, sIgE and IL-4 in the serum of mice of all the treatment groups reduced, and IFN-? raised, and the total IgG, sIgG raised in the serum of mice administrated with small and medium dosage, but the low dosage was more obvious. CONCLUSION: DF liposomes have some effects on the immunological function in mite-sensitized mice in the low dosage.

18.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6)1989.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559665

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare biodegradable microspheres of Schistosoma japonicum recombinant glutathione-S-transferase. Methods By using the constructed expression plasmid pET28a(+)-SjGST, fusion protein of Schistosoma japonicum recombinant glutathione-S-transferases were expressed in LB by E.coli BL21,rSjGST fusion protein was purified through column of resin,and then the fusion protein concentration was detected; by using an oil-in-oil emulsion-solvent extraction method, the rSjGST biodegradable microspheres were prepared in PLGA (75/25).The properties of microspheres including shape、diameter、diameter’s distribution and span were assayed under microscope. Results The concentration of protein after purification was 8.323 mg/ml, and the microspheres were spherical and showed normal distribution.The diameter was (7.3?1.2) ?m,the span was 0.52,the load of the rSjGST was 7.62%. Conclusion Biodegradable microspheres of Schistosoma japonicum recombinant glutathione-S-transferase are successfully prepared, which provides the basis for further studies on protective immunity of mice.

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