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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908362

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of metagenomics next generation sequencing(mNGS)in the immunosuppressed children with severe pneumonia and to understand the distribution of pathogens in order to provide reference for early prevention and treatment.Methods:We performed a retrospective analysis of the immunosuppressed children with severe pneumonia who had mNGS reports admitted to PICU according with the enrollment condition from July 2019 to July 2020.The records included general clinical data, traditional detection method report and mNGS results.We evaluated the consistency of the mNGS with the clinical microbiology reports and clinical judgment.Results:Twenty-three patients were enrolled, 15 were male and 8 were female, aging from 28 days to 10 years old, with an average age of(3.67±3.20)years old.Seven cases were cured, 2 were improved, and 14 died.A total of 23 samples were obtained, including 21 blood specimens and 2 bronchoal-veolar lavage fluid specimens.Among the 23 cases, 5 were single infected and 15 were mixed infected.Fungi were detected in 15 cases(65.22%), including 12 cases of Pneumocystis jirovecii, 2 cases of Aspergillus fumigatus and 2 cases of Candida albicans.Virus were detected in 14 cases(60.87%), including cytomegalovirus(CMV) in 10 cases(8 cases with pneumocystis infection), Herpes virus in 3 cases and fine ring virus in 2 cases(1 case with herpes virus infection). Bacteria were detected in 10 cases, including 3 cases of Acinetobacter, 1 case of Klebsiella pneumoniae, 1 case of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, 1 case of Pinocytogenes, 4 cases of Staphylococcus and 1 case of Bacillus licheniformis.There were Mycoplasma in 3 cases with mixed infection.The positive rate and coincidence rate of mNGS were significantly higher than that of the traditional test group( P<0.05). A total of 19 cases were treated with hormone or immunosuppressive agents, and 17 cases were treated for 1 to 6 months when severe pneumonia occurred. Conclusion:Most immunosuppressed children with severe pneumonia are mixed infection.The common pathogens are Pneumocystis jirovecii and CMV.The use of mNGS can significantly improve the pathogen detection rate, effectively guiding the treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885614

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of combining transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with functional electrical stimulation-assisted cycling (FES-cycling) on lower limb motor function early after a stroke.Methods:Thirty-seven survivors of a recent stroke were divided into a tDCS treatment group ( n=18) and a pseudo-stimulation group ( n=19). While receiving routine rehabilitation training and clinical drug treatment, the tDCS treatment group also cycled in response to functional electrical stimulation while simultaneously receiving tDCS anode stimulation of the motor cortex M1 area. The pseudo-stimulation group followed the same protocol but with the tDCS stimulation inactivated. Both groups were treated for 20min daily, 5 days weekly for 4 weeks. Before and after the 4 weeks of treatment, the lower limb motor function, walking ability and ability in the activities of daily living of both groups were evaluated using the Fugl-Meyer assessment scale for the lower extremities (FMA-LE), the timed up and go test (TUGT) and the modified Barthel index (MBI) respectively. Transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to detect each subject′s cerebral cortex motor threshold (CMT) , cortical latency (CL) and central motor conduction time (CMCT) as well as the amplitude (Amp) of the motor evoked potential of the lower limb primary motor cortex (M1 area). Results:After 4 weeks of treatment, the average FMA-LE and MBI scores and TUGT times of the two groups had improved significantly compared with those before treatment. The average FMA-LE score and TUGT time of the tDCS group were significantly better than those of the pseudo-stimulation group. The average CMT, CL and CMCT in both groups were significantly lower than those before the intervention, while the average Amp had increased significantly, but there were significant differences in the average CMT, Amp, CL and CMCT between the two groups after the 4 weeks of treatment.Conclusions:Transcranial direct current stimulation combined with cycling assisted by functional electrical stimulation can effectively stimulate excitability in the motor cortex soon after a stroke. That should promote the recovery of nerve activity and lower limb function.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827759

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation between altered levels of neurotransmitters in the frontal lobe and hippocampus and behavioral abnormalities in a Clock variant mice modeling bipolar disorder manic disorder.@*METHODS@#Open field test and Elevated plus-maze test were carried out on the Clock mutant and wild-type control groups. The frontal lobe and hippocampus of Clock mutant mice and controls were dissected, and neurotransmitters in tissue extracts were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. The concentration of neurotransmitters and behavioral indicators were assessed by t test and Pearson correlation analysis using SPSS 22.0.@*RESULTS@#The Clock mutant mice showed a significant increase in activity, albeit with no difference in the level of anxiety from the wild-type controls, which suggested that the Clock mutant mice can be used as a model for manic attack of bipolar disorder. Altered neurotransmitter levels were detected in the frontal and hippocampal regions, including elevated histamine in the left hippocampus, reduced histamine in the right hippocampus, reduced gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in bilateral hippocampus, elevated dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) in the left frontal lobe and reduced DOPA in the right hippocampus, and decreased glutamine in bilateral frontal lobes. The reduced glutamine in the left frontal lobe and GABA in the right hippocampus correlated with the increased activity of Clock mutant mice.@*CONCLUSION@#Clock mutant mice showed abnormal behavior with increased activity. Reduced glutamine in the left frontal lobe and GABA in the right hippocampus were correlated with increased activity.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703277

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of autologous periosteum on the healing of tendon-bone interface in rabbit rotator cuff tear. Methods Supraspinatus tenotomy was performed on one side shoulder in 60 New Zealand white rabbits to establish the model of rotator cuff tear. The rabbits were randomly divided into two groups:the study group(used autologous periosteum to promote the suture fixation)and control group(simple suture fixation). The rabbits were sacrificed at 4,8 and 12 weeks postoperatively with twenty rabbits sacrificed each time. Tissue samples of the tendon-bone interface was taken for histological examination and biomechanical test was performed to assess the strength of tendon-bone junction. Results At 4 weeks the study group showed extensive inflammatory cell infiltration, and a small amount of chondrocytes and extracellular matrix. At 8 weeks, the study group showed a large amount of immature chondrocytes arranged rather regularly. At 12 weeks,the tendon bone junction appeared similar to normal. In the study group,both the tendon-bone connection and the arrangement of chondrocytes were significantly better than the control group. The result of biomechanical testing showed that the highest tendon load in the study group was significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusions The use of autologous periosteum as a patch to strengthen the repair of the rotator cuff tear can effectively promote the healing of tendon bone interface, shorten the rotator cuff healing time and has good biological properties. This method provides an experimental basis for clinical rotator cuff repair surgery.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 268-271, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709235

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the etiology,clinical characteristics,treatment and prognosis of senile epilepsy.Methods Clinical data of 121 senile patients with epilepsy admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from July 2011 to February 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Results Ninety-six cases (79.3%) had definite causes.The common causes included cerebrovascular disease (59.4%),intracranial tumors (13.5%),central nervous system infection (8.3%),craniocerebral trauma (5.2%) and acute metabolic or toxic factors (11.5%).Seventy-one cases (58.7%) suffered from partial seizure,29 cases (24.0%) suffered from generalized seizures,17 cases (14.1%) from status epilepticus,and 4 cases (3.3%) from seizures which can not be classified.Sodium valproate and levetiracetam were the most commonly used drugs.Clinical conditions in 82 cases (97.6%) were controlled effectively with drug therapy,and most (88.1%) were treated with only a single drug.Conclusions There are several underlying etiologies in the elderly patients with epilepsy.The most common cause is cerebrovascular diseases,followed by intracranial tumors,central nervous system infection and trauma.In addition,acute metabolic factors or toxic factors cannot be ignored.Partial seizure is the most common type of seizures,especially the complex partial seizure.Monotherapy can reduce seizures in most elder patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502873

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the correlation of miR-625 expression with clinicopathological characteristics in esophageal squa-mous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to explore the effect of miR-625 on the migration and proliferation of ESCC cells. Methods:The expres-sion level of miR-625 was determined through real-time PCR in 86 paired human ESCC tissue specimens and tumor-adjacent normal esophageal tissue specimens, ESCC cell lines, and esophageal epithelial cell line. The associations of miR-625 expression with clinico-pathological characteristics and survival in ESCC patients were analyzed. Transwell and CCK-8 assays were performed to examine the effect of miR-625 expression on migration and proliferation of ESCC cells. Results:Compared with tumor-adjacent normal specimens, miR-625 was significantly downregulated in ESCC tissue specimens (P<0.05). MiR-625 expression was decreased in ESCC cell lines com-pared with human esophageal epithelial cell lines (P<0.05). Lower miR-625 expression was associated with poorer prognosis and sur-vival. The migration and proliferation abilities of ESCC cells were inhibited by miR-625 overexpression (P<0.05). Conclusion:MiR-625 acts as a tumor suppressor gene in the development and progression of ESCC, suggesting that miR-625 may serve as an efficient prog-nosis biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for ESCC.

7.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1319-1322, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the function of the cya gene and the preliminary mechanism of attenuated strain.Methods:The biological characteristics of cya mutant in acid and alkali resistant,salt resistance,motility,biofilm components,poisonous to the cells of epithelial cell adhesion,invasion were analysis.Results:The mobility capabilities,acid and alkali resistance and salt tolerance of cya mutant were significantly lower than the parent strain;the composition testing revealed that the cya mutant did not produce cellulose,curli and biofilm;at the same time the adhesion and invasion to epithelial cells of cya mutant had a prominent depression,and the toxicity to HeLa cells was weaker than the parent strain.Conclusion:The function of cya gene is closely related to athletic ability, penetration of cell membrane, the formation biofilm and virulence.It will provide a theory reference to the functional research of Salmonella typhimurium cya gene and the mechanism of attenuated strain.This will contribute to the development of oral vaccine using attenuated Salmonella typhimurium as vector.

8.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 649-653, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497270

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe clinical efficacy of oral folic acid (FA) intervene in hyper-homocysteinemia (HHcy) patients combining coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart failure (HF), to study the effect of blood level of Hcy on cardiac function. Methods: A total of 126 relevant patients with blood level of Hcy>15 μmol/L were randomly divided into 2 groups:Routine group, the patients received anti-platelet therapy, statins, beta-blockers, diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor antagonist and FA group, in addition to above mentioned therapies, the patients also received FA 5 mg/day. n=63 in each group and all patients were treated for 3 months. Fasting blood levels of Hcy, BNP and left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), 6-minute walk test (6MWT) were compared between 2 groups at pre- and 3 months post-treatment. Results: ① Based on NYHA classification, the patients with cardiac function at II, III, IV had accordingly increased blood levels of Hcy, BNP and LVEDD, while decreased LVEF and 6MWT, all P<0.05. ② Blood levels of Hcy were positively related to BNP (r=0.733, P<0.001) and LVEDD (r=0.511, P<0.001), negatively related to LVEF (r=-0.382, P<0.001) and 6MWT (r=-0.410, P<0.001). ③ With 3 months treatment, FA group and Routine group showed decreased Hcy level as (8.43 ± 1.87) μmol/L vs (3.29 ±1.68) μmol/L and BNP (891.84 ± 456.10) pg/ml vs (682.24 ± 463.79) pg/ml, reduced LVEDD (4.33 ± 1.231) mm vs (2.06 ± 1.73) mm, while elevated LVEF (6.59 ± 2.28) % vs (2.52 ± 2.37) % and 6MWT (142.97 ± 55.15) m vs (86.35 ± 59.06) m, all P<0.05. Conclusion: Increased blood level of Hcy is risky for HF occurrence, FA may treat HHcy and further improve the cardiac structure and function in HF patients.

9.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 541-544, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495279

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of the transcriptional factor activator protein (AP)-1 in mediating vascular endothelial growth factor ( VEGF) expression in human bronchial epithelial cells exposed to PM 2.5.Methods Beas-2B cells was treated with PM2.5.Luciferase assay was used to detect the activation status of AP-1 and transcription of VEGF in the Beas-2B cells.The induced activation of c-Jun, ATF2 and VEGF expression was tested by Western blotting assay.Results PM2.5 induced transactivation of the transcriptional factor AP-1, accompanied by phosphorylation of the AP-1 components, c-Jun and ATF2 in Beas-2B cells.Moreover, when AP-1 activation was inhibited by knocking down c-Jun or ATF2 expressions, induction of VEGF expression was partially attenuated in Beas-2B cells.Conclusion AP-1 is a critical transcriptional factor in mediating PM2.5-induced VEGF expression and inflammatory responses in human bronchial epithelial cells.

10.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 325-328, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463396

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the molecular mechanism of vascular endothelial growth factor ( VEGF) expression in bronchial epithelial cells (Beas-2B)induced by particulate matter 2.5(PM2.5).Methods PM2.5 powder was dis-solved in DMEM medium and diluted into five concentrations , 0,12.5,25,50 and 100μg/ml, respectively.The double an-tibiotics ( streptomycin and penicillin ) and FBS were added into the solution to a 2% final concentration of serum system after being treated by ultrasound for 30 minutes.The cultured Beas-2B cells were then treated with different doses of PM2.5.Subsequently, nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB) transactivity and the transcriptional activation of vegf gene promot-er were tested by dual-luciferase reporter gene analysis system while phosphorylation of p 65 , expression levels of IκBαand VEGF were detected by Western blotting .Results PM2.5 induced up-regulation of VEGF expression in Beas-2B cells in a dose-dependent manner , accompanied by NF-κB transactivation at the highest level under 100 μg/ml of PM2.5 treatment. Moreover, PM2.5 induced degradation of the repressor protein IκBαand increase in the phosphorylation level of p 65 sub-unit in Beas-2B cells.Knockdown of NF-κB p65 expression significantly inhibited vegf gene promoter transcriptional activa-tion as well as VEGF protein expression in Beas-2B cells induced by PM2.5.Conclusion PM2.5 induces VEGF expres-sion via activation of NF-κB pathway in bronchial epithelial cells .

11.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 33-35, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461593

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the the completion rate of bed shifting of duty via application of quality con-trol circle( QCC) , and to build a harmonious relationship between doctors and nurses and improve nursing moral standards. Methods:After organizing QCC group, taking improving the completion rate of bed shifting of duty as the theme and analyzing the effect, according to the ten steps of QCC to control the quality. Results:The comple-tion rate of bed shifting of duty was improved from 69% to 69%, the patients' satisfaction was improved from an av-erage of 96 to 100 after the implementation of QCC. Conclusion: QCC can improve the completion rate of bed shifting of duty and patients' satisfaction, and thus worth of promoting in routine nursing.

12.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2978-2980, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481116

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare cardiovascular responses of intubations by Discopo and Macintosh laryngoscope in elderly patients with hypertension. Methods Sixty elderly hypertensive patients with ASAⅡ~Ⅲundergoing elective surgery were equally randomized into two groups. After induction of general anesthesia , orotracheal intubation was performed with Discopo or Macintosh. The Mean arterial pressure (MBP) and heart rate (HR), as while as Electrocardiogram (ECG) and Blood oxygen saturation (SpO2), were recorded before (baseline values) and at 1,3,5 minutes after intubation(post-induction values). The rate of one-time successive intubation,intubation time and complication were also recorded. Results Compared with the macintosh group, the rate of one-time successive intubation was higher and the intubation time was shorter in the Discopo group (P< 0.05, respectively),with no complications. Compared with T0,MBP and HR at T2 in the two groups and T3 in the Macintosh group increased significantly (P < 0.05). Compared with the Macintosh group,MBP and HR at T2,T3 of the Discopo group decreased significantly (P < 0.05). Conclusion Little effect of tracheal intubation with Discopo on cardiovascular response was observed in elderly hypertensive patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480728

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of oxygen extraction rate (ERO2) with blood lactate clearance rate and cardiac output (CO) in the early stage of post-restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in patients resuscitated from cardiogenic cardiac arrest,and to analyze the relationship between the ERO2 and prognosis.Methods Fourteen patients successfully resuscitated from in-hospital cardiogenic cardiac arrest in the emergency ICU from October 2012 to January 2014 were retrospectively analyzed.These patients were assigned to survival group (n =5) or death group (n =9) as per the outcome at 72 h after ROSC.At admission (0 h),3,6 and 12 h after ROSC,arterial blood and venous blood were drawn to detect ERO2 and lactate clearance rate.Cardiac output (CO) was measured by thoracic impedance method,APACHE Ⅱ scores were assessed,and survival time was recorded.Results The patients in the death group died during the period of 12-72 hours after ROSC.The significantly decreased ERO2 at 6 h and 12 h after ROSC,and decreased blood lactate clearance rate and decreased CO at 3 h,6 h and 12 h after ROSC were found in the death group compared with the survival group (all P < 0.05).The ERO2 at 6 h and 12 h after ROSC was significantly positively related to blood lactate clearance rate (r =0.857,r =0.947,both P < 0.05) and CO (r =0.968,r =0.936,both P < 0.05) at 3 h,6 h and 12 h after ROSC.The ERO2 at 6 h and 12 h after ROSC was significantly negatively related to APPACHE Ⅱ score (r =-0.970,r =-0.973,both P < 0.05);APPACHE Ⅱ scores were significantly negatively correlated with blood lactate clearancerates (r=-0.880,r=-0.899,r=-0.850,all P<0.05) and CO (r=-0.876,r=-0.922,r=-0.916,all P<0.05) at 3 h,6 h and 12 h after ROSC.Conclusions The ERO2 at 6h after ROSC may be used to assess the severity and prognosis of patients resuscitated from cardiogenic cardiac arrest.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485460

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the efficacy and safety of triamcinolone acetonide (TA)retrobulbar injection combined with panretinal photocoagulation (PRP)in the treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME), and to explain the advantages of this combination treatment method in treating DME.Methods Sixty-four cases (64 eyes) with macular edema due to diabetic retinopathy(DR)were randomly divided into combination treatment group(n=34,treated with TA retrobulbar injection combined with PRP)and PRP group(n=30,received PRP treatment only).The changes in the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), the fovea centralis thickness (CMT), and the intraocular pressure(IOP)before treatment and in 1 month, 3 months, 6 months after treatment were compared. Results The BCVA was improved in both groups after treatment. However, the BCVA improvement in combination treatment group was statistically more significant (P<0.05)compared with PRP group in 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after treatment. The resolution of DME after treatment as compared with that before treatment,the CMT reduced in two groups in 1 month,3 months,6 months after treatment.At each stage,the CMT in combination treatment group was lower than PRP group (P<0.05 ). No complications of glaucoma, cataract,vitreous hemorrhage,retinal detachment,choroidal detachment,and endophthalmitis were found in all patients.Conclusion For the patients with DME,the combination treatment with TA retrobulbar injection and PRP has a better therapeutic effect than the sole PRP treatment in reducing the macular edema and improving the BCVA.The operation is simple and has less complication.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439889

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to reveal the species characteristics of Chinese patent medicines for antitussive ef-fect and provide references for developing new drugs. This research targeted Chinese patent medicines for antitussive effect which were included in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China and the New National Chinese Patent Medicines as well as those characterized by keywords such as cough cure, cough alleviating, antitussive effect, cough, persistent cough. The analysis was made on the species characteristics, such as the number of Chinese patent medicines for antitussive effect, license number, ethnomedicine patent medicines, drugs for children use, protection of varieties of traditional Chinese medicine, the number of drugs, the generic names of drug, and drug forms. The results showed that 684 Chinese patent medicines for antitussive effect collected in this research had ac-counted for 8.60% of the total 7 260 of Chinese patent medicines. A total of 7 450 license numbers were approved, and 33% of the Chinese patent medicines shares one license number. One Chinese patent medicine owns 16.6 li-cense numbers on average. Ethnomedicine patent medicines had 3 Tibetan prescriptions such as the Shiwuwei Chenxiang pill and 4 Mongolian prescriptions, such as the Siwei Tumuxiang powder. Drugs for children accounted for 14%, including 9 forms. The type of the generic names of drug reached 16 and most of them originate from abbrevia-tions of the main drug in prescription. The number of drugs in prescription ranges from 8 to 16. Chinese patent medicines for antitussive effect involved 16 forms, of which the proportion of the use of solid preparation was higher than the liquid preparation. It was concluded that Chinese patent medicines for antitussive effect were characterized by such advantages such as a variety of species, various forms, the reasonable number of drugs, considerable medicine retail market share and drug for children use which can meet the clinical needs, and meanwhile some prob-lems, such as a lack of criteria for the generic names of drug, the homogenization of fierce competition, and inade-quacy of ethnomedicine patent medicines.

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