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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921803

ABSTRACT

A sensitive and efficient method was established and validated for qualitative and quantitative analysis of total alkaloids from the extract of Eurycoma longifolia by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(HPLC-Q-TOF-MS) combined with ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-QQQ-MS/MS). The HPLC-Q-TOF-MS conditions are as follows: Welch Ultimate XB-C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with acetonitrile(containing 0.1% formic acid)-0.1% formic acid in water as mobile phase for gradient elution. The UPLC-QQQ-MS/MS conditions are as below: Agilent Eclipse Plus C_(18) column(2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.8 μm) with acetonitrile(containing 0.1% formic acid) and 0.1% formic acid in water as mobile phase for gradient elution. MS data were collected by electrospray ionization in positive ion mode. According to the comparison with reference standards and the accurate masses of molecules, a total of 17 alkaloids in E. longifolia extract were identified by HPLC-Q-TOF-MS. The UPLC-QQQ-MS/MS quantitative analysis result of 3 alkaloids showed that the linear ranges of them were good(r≥0.999 7) and the overall recoveries ranged from 108.8%-110.2%, with RSDs of 2.9%-5.3%. The method is accurate, reliable, and efficient, which can comprehensively reflect the constituents and content of alkaloids in E. longifolia. The result can serve as a reference for further elucidating its therapeutic material basis and quality control.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Eurycoma , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1436-1444, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827606

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Degree of mucosal recovery is an important indicator for evaluating the therapeutic effects of drugs in treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Increasing evidences has proved that tight junction (TJ) barrier dysfunction is one of the pathological mechanisms of IBD. The aim of this study was to observe whether enhancement of TJ can decrease colitis recurrence.@*METHODS@#Eighty C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups including normal group, colitis group, sulfasalazine (SASP) treated group, and traditional Chinese drug salvianolic acid B (Sal B) treated group. Colitis was established in mice by free drinking water containing dextran sulfate sodium, after treatments by SASP and Sal B, recombinant human interleukin-1β (IL-1β) was injected intraperitoneally to induce colitis recurrence.@*RESULTS@#Compared with sham control, cell apoptosis in colitis group was increased from 100.85 ± 3.46% to 162.89 ± 11.45% (P = 0.0038), and TJ dysfunction marker myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) was also significantly increased from 99.70 ± 9.29% to 296.23 ± 30.78% (P = 0.0025). The increased cell apoptosis was reversed by both SASP (125.99 ± 8.45% vs. 162.89 ± 11.45%, P = 0.0059) and Sal B (104.27 ± 6.09% vs. 162.89 ± 11.45%, P = 0.0044). High MLCK expression in colitis group was reversed by Sal B (182.44 ± 89.42% vs. 296.23 ± 30.78%, P = 0.0028) but not influenced by SASP (285.23 ± 41.04% vs. 296.23 ± 30.78%, P > 0.05). The recurrence rate induced by recombinant human IL-1β in Sal B-treated group was significantly lower than that in SASP-treated group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#These results suggested a link between intestinal mucosal barrier dysfunction, especially TJ barrier dysfunction, and colitis recurrence. The TJ barrier dysfunction in remission stage of colitis increased the colitis recurrence. This study might provide potential treatment strategies for IBD recurrence.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850956

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of the three methods of decocting with deslag, decocting without deslag, and double decocting on the content of nine ingredients baicalin, baicalein, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rb1, monoammonium glycyrrhizinate hydrate, liquiritin, 6-gingerol, berberine hydrochloride, palmatine hydrochloride, and total flavonoids in Banxia Xiexin Decoction (BXD). Methods Nine index components were determined by HPLC. The HPLC analysis was performed on Welch Ultimate XB-C18 column (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) with mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.1% phosphate aqueous solution for gradient elution; And carried out at column temperature of 28 ℃, volume flow of 0.9 mL/min, and detection wavelength of 203, 252, 280, and 355 nm. The total flavonoids were determined by colorimetry. Results Nine kinds of ingredients and total flavonoids could be detected in three different decoctions. In the method of decocting with deslag, baicalin, baicalein, ginsenoside Rb1, monoammonium glycyrrhizinate hydrate, and liquiritin increased by 10.01%, 12.88%, 29.09%, 16.75%, and 15.02%, respectively, compared with decocting without deslag; It decreased by 5.54%, 4.15%, 14.49%, 7.85%, and 9.18%, respectively compared with double decocting; Ginsenoside Re, 6-gingerol, berberine hydrochloride, and palmatine hydrochloride increased by 37.90%, 3.78%, 5.33%, and 5.99% compared with decocting without deslag, respectively; compared to the double decocting methods, it increased by 1.07%, 11.57%, 3.41%, and 1.93%. The total flavonoids increased 22.61% higher than decocting without deslag and 6.54% higher than double decocting. Conclusion: The results can effectively reflect the quality difference of different decocting methods. Among the three methods of decoction, the method of decocting without deslag has significantly improved the dissolution of the active ingredients of each component in the decoction, and improve the clinical efficacy of BXD to a certain extent. It provides a good experimental basis for the decocting without deslag method used in Zhang Zhongjing’s Treatise on Febrile Diseases.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849901

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) on the risk of non-fatal stroke in elderly male persons. Methods The elderly male persons with IGT and normal glucose tolerance (NGT), undergoing oral glucose tolerance test in our hospital from May 2005 to May 2007, were recruited and then followed up to March 2017 at least once a year to observe the incidence of non-fatal stroke, and then the risk of non-fatal stroke was compared between the two groups. Results A total of 201 IGT and 259 NGT subjects were enrolled in present study. The average period of follow-up was 11.2 years. Univariate Cox proportional risk regression analysis indicated that the risk of type 2 diabetes and non-fatal stroke was higher in IGT group [(HR=2.18, 95%CI 1.54-3.08, P<0.001) and (HR=2.54, 95%CI 1.38-4.68, P=0.003)] than in NGT group. After adjusting the baseline age, body mass index (BMI), smoking, insulin resistance index (HOMA2-IR), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), history of hypertension and of dyslipidemia, multivariate Cox proportional risk regression analysis indicated that the risk of type 2 diabetes and non-fatal stroke was still higher in IGT group [(HR=2.25, 95%CI 1.58-3.20, P<0.001) and (HR=2.42, 95%CI 1.30-4.52, P=0.005)] than in NGT group. Conclusion IGT is closely related to non-fatal stroke in elderly male persons, and is an independent risk factor of non-fatal stroke.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745255

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the 137Cs source term from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant,based on inverse modeling,so as to provide reference for accident assessment and radiation protection.Methods The 137Cs source term was estimated by means of inverse modeling of nuclear accidents based on variational data assimilation combined with truncated total least squares (TTLS-VAR).The environmental monitoring data was balanced,and the dispersion model operator and monitoring data vector were corrected,in order to reduce the influence from atmospheric dispersion model error,and then improve the accuracy of inverse modeling of source term.Results The total amount of 137Cs released was estimated to be 1.74× 1016-3.73× 1016 Bq,with the highest peak of release rates estimated appearing on March 18,2011 and the average release rate in exceed of 1.00× 1012 Bq/s.The estimated total amount of 137 Cs was close to the data published by IAEA and UNSCEAR.Also,the estimated release sequences were in good consistent with Japanese analytical results of source terms and sequence of events.The highest peak of the estimated release rate curve corresponds to the leakage incident of unit 3.Conclusions In this study,the 137Cs source term from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant is estimated by using TTLS-VAR inverse modeling,which could provide the basis for accident assessment and radiation protection.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698732

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies focus on animal models of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD), but criteria for establishing the animal models of IDD have not been confirmed, and there is a lack of systematic comparison among models. OBJECTIVE: To compare the rat models of IDD established by puncturing at annulus, endplate injection and their combination, thus providing reference for IDD model selection. METHODS: Eighty Sprague-Dawley rats were equivalently randomized into four groups: puncturing group (puncturing at the annulus), endplate injection group (endplate injected with ethyl alcohol), combination group (puncturing at the L5-6annulus and endplate injection at the same segment) and sham operation group. Three rats in each group were taken at postoperative 4, 8, and 12 weeks for X-ray examination to measure the disc height; and the discs were removed for histological observation and immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The results of X-ray examination, hematoxylin-eosin staining and immunohistochemical staining all showed that the IDD degree was gradually aggravated in all groups except the sham operation group. At postoperative 4 weeks, compared with the sham operation group, in the endplate injection and combination groups, the percent disc height was significantly decreased, the pathological scores were significantly increased and the average gray value of collagen type I was significantly reduced (P < 0.05). At postoperative 8 and 12 weeks, compared with the sham operation group, the percent disc height in the other three groups were all significantly decreased, the pathological score was significantly increased, and the average gray value of collagen type I was significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Compared with the puncturing and endplate injection group, in the combination group, the percent disc height at postoperative 8 weeks was significantly decreased, and the average gray value of collagen type I at postoperative 12 weeks was significantly decreased (P < 0.05). These results suggest that the rat IDD model can be successfully constructed by above three methods. Puncturing at the annulus is easy to operate and control IDD progression, which can be used to study different stages of IDD. Endplate injection is suitable for the etiological study of IDD, and induces IDD earlier than puncturing, but the final results are similar. The combination method can significantly accelerate IDD aggravation, and thus is not time consuming.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693007

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of prior statin use on outcome after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods Consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis at the Department of Neurology, the Third People's Hospital of Chengdu from July 2014 to August 2017 were enrolled, and divided into the statin use group and nonstatin use group according to prior statin use. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and the outcome at 90 days after onset (good outcome and poor outcome were defined as the modified Rankin Scale score 0-2 and > 2, respectively) in the two groups were compared, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the effect of prior statin use on the outcome. Results A total of 327 patients were enrolled, including 68 (20. 80% ) in the statin use group, and 59 (79. 20% ) in the nonstatin use group. There were no significant differences in the incidence symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (7. 35% vs. 10. 04%; χ2 = 0. 453, P = 0. 501), good outcome rate at 90 days (69. 12% vs. 66. 02%; χ2 = 0. 232, P = 0. 630), and mortality rate (7. 35% vs. 7. 34%; P = 1. 000) between the statin use group and the nonstatin use group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that prior statin use were not an independent risk factor for symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (odds ratio 0. 658, 95% confidence interval 0. 233-1. 857; P = 0. 429) and poor outcome at 90 dafter onset (odds ratio 0. 848, 95% confidence interval 0. 424-1. 696; P = 0. 641) in patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis. Conclusion Prior statin use is not associated with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and outcome after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754633

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Jinqi Zhizhu Decoction (JQZZD) on gastric motility of GK rats with diabetic gastroparesis (DGP); To discuss its mechanism of action. Methods 12 out of 80 male GK rats were randomly selected as normal group, and others were induced to be DGP model by irregular feeding with high sugar and high fat diet for 8 weeks. The model rats were randomly divided into model group, positive medicine group, JQZZD low-, medium-, and high-dose groups. All rats were given continuous intragastric administration for 12 weeks. The residual rate of pigment in stomach was detected and calculated. The concentration of DA, ACh and 5-HT in plasma were detected by ELISA. The morphological changes of gastric antrum were observed by HE staining. The ultrastructure of mucous layer of gastric antrum was observed by transmission electron microscope. The protein expressions of Rho A, ROCK1 and ROCK2 were detected by Western blot. Results Compared with normal group, the residual rate of pigment in model group increased, while DA, ACh and 5-HT, relative amount of protein expressions of Rho A, ROCK1 and ROCK2 decreased (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the residual rate of pigment in positive medicine group and JQZZD high-dose group decreased, while DA, ACh and 5-HT, relative amount of protein expressions of Rho A, ROCK1 and ROCK2 increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and morphological changes and ultrastructure of mucous layer obviously improved. There was no significant differences in the residual rate of pigment, DA content and protein expressions of Rho A, ROCK1 and ROCK2 between positive medicine group and JQZZD high-dose group (P>0.05). Compared with JQZZD low-dose group, the residual rate of pigment in JQZZD high-dose group decreased, while DA, ACh and 5-HT, relative amount of protein expressions of Rho A, ROCK1 and ROCK2 increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion JQZZD may improve gastric motility, promote gastric emptying, and improve and repair damage of mucous membrane in the gastric antrum. All of these may be related to regulating protein expressions of Rho A/ROCK signal pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775354

ABSTRACT

To construct CRISPR/Cas9 vectors for the editing of SmPAL1 in the phenylpropane metabolic pathway of Salvia miltiorrhiza, CIRSPR/Cas9 target sites of SmPAL1 were designed by online software. Its target efficiencies were detected in vitro by enzyme digestion and sequences with highly efficiency were constructed into CRISPR/Cas9 vectors. Three possible CRISPR target sequences (SmPAL1-g1, SmPAL1-g2, SmPAL1-g3) were designed and the enzyme digestion efficiencies were 53.3%, 76.6% and 10.0%. SmPAL1-g1 and SmPAL1-g2 were constructed into vector VK005-03 named as VK005-03-g1 and VK005-03-g2. The results of sequencing showed that the two CRISPR/Cas target sequences were all constructed into VK005-03. Here we first laid the foundation for the study of SmPAL1 and provided an effective strategy for the screening of sgRNA.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Genetics , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666836

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influences of atrial fibrillation (AF) on clinical outcome and hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke.Methods The patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator thrombolysis were enrolled retrospectively.The modified Rankin Scale score 0-2 at 90 d was defined as a good outcome.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the correlation between AF and clinical outcomes after intravenous thrombolvsis.Results A total of 160 patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator thrombolysis were enrolled,including 67 (41.88%) with AF.Compared with the non-AF group,the age was older (median [interquartile range] 77 [71-83] years vs.69 [59-78] years;Z=4.142,P< 0.001),baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NHISS) score was higher (11.0[6.0-17.0] vs.7.0[4.0-14.0];Z=2.623,P=0.009)in the AF group.There were no significant differences in the NIHSS score reduction and the proportion of patients with good outcomes at 24 h (3.0 [1.0-4.5] vs.2.0 [0-6.0];Z=-0.312,P=0.775) and7d(4.0 [2.0-5.0] vs.5.0[2.0-8.0];Z=l.574,P=0.115) after thrombolysis and the proportion of patients with good outcome at 90 d (38.81% vs.25.82%;x2 =3.063,P =0.080) between the AF group and the non-AF group,however,the proportions of HT within 24 h (14.93% vs.5.38%;x2 =4.179,P =0.041) and death within 90 days (16.42% vs.6.45%;x2 =4.073,P =0.044) in the AF group were significantly higher than those in the non-AF group.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that AF was not independent correlation with the clinical outcomes at 90 d (odds ratio [OR] 0.950,95% confidence interval [CI]0.381-2.366;P =0.912),HT within 24 h (OR 1.992,95% CI0.580-6.369;P =0.285),and death within 90 d (OR 2.483,95% CI 0.727-8.586;P=0.146).Conclusion AF is not the independent risk factor that influences on clinical outcome at 90 d and-HT within 24 h after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664969

ABSTRACT

Objectives To study the early effect of treating teenagers with tibial insertion avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament using the single-tibal tunnel,double Endobutton miniature steel plate combined with twin high-strength Ultrabraid Suture suspension fixation under an anthroscopy.Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted on 21 teenagers with tibial insertion avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament treated between May 2012 and June 2015.They were treated using the single-tibal tunnel,double Endonbutton plate combined with twin Ultrabraid Suture suspension system fixation.The X-ray was taken postoperatively at 1 week,1 month,3 months and every 6 months.Anterior drawer and Lachman tests were used to evaluate the postoperative stability of knee joints,while the Lysholm score was recorded to assess the postoperative recovery.Results The average total intraoperative blood loss,operation duration and follow-up time were(53.95 ± 7.10) ml (ranging from 43 to 68 ml),(38.76 ± 7.71)min(ranging between 27 and 55 min),and(21.86 ± 2.78)months,ranging from 18 to 25 months.All fractures were healed without malunion or nonunion as could be seen in the X-ray taken 3 months after the operation.Moreover,none of the patients suffered from complications such as soft tissue infections or extension lag of the knee joints caused by the femoral intercondylar notch impingement syndrome.The Lysholm score of the last follow-up(97.14 ± 1.35)was significantly higher than that before surgery (40.24 ± 5.81).Conclusion The early efficacy of the single-tibal tunnel,double Endonbutton plate combined with twin Ultrabraid Suture suspension system fixation for teenagers with tibial insertion avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament under arthroscopy is satisfactory.

12.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 557-560,564, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792509

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of dengue fever outbreak in Shaoxing City,and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control.Methods A retrospective epidemiological investigation was conducted to search the patients by given definition.Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)was used for detecting the anti -dengue virus antibodies.The serum samples from patients were collected for dengue virus isolation and the positive samples were identified by RT -PCR.Breteau Index was carried out to monitor the density of mosquito larva. Results A total of 42 cases were found with no death reported.The symptoms mainly included fever (1 00%),fatigue (59. 52%),arthralgia(50. 00%),headache (47. 62%)and rash (38. 1 0%).The outbreak lasted for 71 days with the first case occurred in July 1 5 and the last in September 23.The peak was from August 30 to September 5. Thirty seven cases were located in Keqiao District and 5 cases were in Yuecheng District.The male/female ratio was 1 . 33∶1 .The age of cases ranged from 1 0 to 79 years old with the 40 -(1 9. 05%)and 50 -(1 9. 05%)age group making the largest proportion.The outbreak also showed family aggregation.IgM antibody and nucleic acid of dengue virus were detected from serum samples of 1 2 patients.The sequence of the isolation indicated that this outbreak was caused by dengue virus typeⅡ.Conclusion The imported cases,high density of mosquito vector and missed diagnosis might contribute to this outbreak.Developing a practical scheme for mosquito elimination,improving diagnostic capacity of medical staff and their consciousness of reporting could be important ways to control dengue fever.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286330

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Zishen Huoxue Recipe (ZHR) on pathomorphology in coronary heart disease (CHD) rats with Shen deficiency blood stasis syndrome (SDBSS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 60 healthy Wistar rats were divided into the blank control group, the model group, high, middle, and low dose ZHR groups according to random digit table, 12 in each group. Myocardial ischemia SDBSS rat model was prepared by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery and injecting hydrocortisone. ZHR physic liquor was administered to rats in high, middle, and low dose ZHR groups at the daily dose of 21.6, 10.8, 5.4 g/kg by gastrogavage for 7 successive days, equal volume of pure water was administered to rats in the blank control group and the model group by gastrogavage for 7 successive days. Rat heart was collected for pathomorphological observation under light microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the model group the heart muscle fiber was swollen and deformed with widened space, loose and dropsy tissues. Blood vessels in myocardial mesenchymal were dilated, infiltrated with more inflammatory cells. Myocardial cells were markedly swollen, degenerated, or necrotic, with caryolysis or disappearance of partial nuclear. A large amount of collagen fibrous tissue became hyperplasia. Endocardial blood vessels were swollen and degenerated with infiltration of few inflammatory cells. Epicardium tissue and structure were destroyed and got hyperplasia. Swollen, degenerated, or necrotic vessels could be seen, with infiltration of more inflammatory cells and collagen deposition. Pathomorphological injuries were alleviated in each ZHR group. The higher ZHR concentration, the milder the injury degree of myocardial tissue, the more limited range of damage.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ZHR could attenuate pathomorphological injuries of myocardial ischemia rats with SDBSS and regulate myocardial function, thus improving myocardial ischemia in CHD rats with SDBSS.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Coronary Artery Disease , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocardium , Rats , Rats, Wistar
15.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1851-1853,1856, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-572408

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of calcipotriol betamethasone ointment for the treatment of pso‐riasis vulgaris in the stable stage of patient .Methods This was a randomized ,parallel controlled clinical trials ,in which 90 patients with psoriasis vulgaris were randomly divided into experimental group and controlled group .All of them received 4 weeks of thera‐py .We compared the efficacy and safety 1 ,2 ,4 week after treatment by calcipotriol betamethasone ointment .Results About the clinical efficacy ,according to the decrease in percentage of psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) were:23 patients in the experi‐mental group were effective(efficacy rate is 76 .67% ) ,14 patients in control group Ⅰ was effective(efficacy rate is 46 .67% ) ,15 pa‐tients in control group Ⅱ was effective(efficacy rate is 50% ) .The differention between experimental group and the two control groups was significant(P< 0 .05 ,P< 0 .01) .After 1 ,2 ,4 weeks of therapy ,the decrease in percentage of PASI of experimental group is higher than that in the control groups .The scores of the observed erythema ,infiltration ,scale were decreased ,and the total scores of PASI are also decreased 4 weeks after therapy .The decrease score of experimental group is higher than that of control group Ⅰ(P<0 .01) and control group Ⅱ(P<0 .01) .The side effects of the experimental group are mild such as itching ,folliculi‐tis ,erythema ,and the laboratory examinations had no abnormal changes .Conclusion Calcipotriol betamethasone ointment was more effective to treat the stable stage psoriasis vulgaris patients compared with single use of halometasone or calcipotriol .It takes effect quickly ,and could be more feasible and safe .

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636524

ABSTRACT

This study examined the prevalence of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) among residents aged ≥50 years living in Yongchuan district of Chongqing. Stratified cluster sampling was employed in random selection to estimate the prevalence of glaucoma from April to June, 2005. Twenty-nine villages or neighborhood communities were randomly selected in urban area (Zhongshan Road), suburban area (Shanjiao Town) and exurban area (Zhutuo Town) of this district. All the respondents underwent detailed ophthalmic examinations. The examinations included questionnaire investigation, visual acuity test, naked-eye examination, measurement of peripheral anterior chamber depth (Van Herrick's technique), detection of intraocluar pressure (IOP) with a Perkins hand-held applanation tonometer (HA-2) and examination of the optic disc by using a 78 diopters (D) lens (including the cup-disc ratio, cup/disc ratio asymmetries, horizontal and vertical diameter, notching and optic disc hemorrhages). A total of 5938 residents were actually examined, and the response rate was 85.19%. The crude prevalence of POAG was 0.86% (n=51/5938, 95% CI 0.64%-1.11%). There were 24 males and 27 females in the glaucoma group. The glaucoma prevalence was not significant different in case number between the male and female subjects (P=0.4900). Furthermore, no association between age or schooling and POAG was noted (P=0.8030, 0.0734). Out of 51 subjects with POAG, unilateral glaucoma-related blindness occurred in 38 subjects (74.5%) and bilateral glaucoma-related blindness was found in 7 subjects (13.7%). This study exhibited that the prevalence of POAG was 0.86% among residents aged ≥50 years living in Yongchuan District of Chongqing. The vision loss caused by POAG in this population was obviously higher than that previously reported in other studies. Glaucoma management, detection of affected persons and handling of the burden of glaucoma should be the priorities of the agenda of local health authorities of Western China.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290697

ABSTRACT

Aiming at motion artifacts and off-resonance artifacts in multi-shot diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we proposed a joint correction method in this paper to correct the two kinds of artifacts simultaneously without additional acquisition of navigation data and field map. We utilized the proposed method using multi-shot variable density spiral sequence to acquire MRI data and used auto-focusing technique for image deblurring. We also used direct method or iterative method to correct motion induced phase errors in the process of deblurring. In vivo MRI experiments demonstrated that the proposed method could effectively suppress motion artifacts and off-resonance artifacts and achieve images with fine structures. In addition, the scan time was not increased in applying the proposed method.


Subject(s)
Artifacts , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Motion , Phantoms, Imaging , Vibration
18.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 238-245, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-83548

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Gastric cancer often occurs in the elderly but is uncommon in young individuals. Whether young patients have different clinical behaviors and outcomes from those of older patients remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 1,366 cases of newly diagnosed noncardia gastric adenocarcinoma from the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Cancer Registry between 2000 and 2010. We then compared the clinicopathological features and survival among the different age groups. RESULTS: The male : female ratio differed significantly between the younger and older patient groups (0.84 in age 60 years, P or =70 years, P or =70 years vs. 15% patients or =70 years; P or =70 years vs. 30% in patients or =70 years; P=0.016). Survival rates at 1, 2, and 5 years gradually declined with increasing age (overall P=0.0002). CONCLUSIONS: Young patients with gastric cancer had more aggressive disease but higher overall survival rates than older patients. Younger Hispanic patients and older Caucasian patients were more likely to be diagnosed with gastric cancer. These differences may be due to biological predisposition and/or environmental exposure.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Aged , California , Environmental Exposure , Ethnicity , Female , Hispanic or Latino , Humans , Male , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Stomach Neoplasms , Survival Rate
19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 257-262, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309724

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation of serum sex hormones and parathyroid hormone (PTH) with the biochemical markers of bone turnover in aged men.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We collected the laboratory data of 465 men aged 60- 93 (73. 1 +/- 8. 3) years old, who came for routine physical examinations in our hospital. We obtained the levels of serum follicle- stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2), testosterone (T), sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), PTH, 25-hydroxy-vitamin D3 (25(OH) D3), and bone turnover markers C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), osteocalcin (OC) and amino-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP). We also determined free testosterone (FT) , bioactive testosterone (BT) , testosterone secretion index (TSI) and FT index (FTI), and analyzed the correlation of each index with the biochemical markers of bone turnover.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The concentrations of serum FSH, LH, and SHBG increased, while the levels of FT, BT, TSI, FTI, PTH, CTX, OC and PINP decreased with age, especially in those over 80 years old (P <0.05). PTH was positively correlated with CTX, OC and PINP (r =0. 227, 0. 269 and 0. 162, P <0. 01), even after the adjustment for age, while SHBG negatively correlated with OC (r = -0. 100, P <0.05). The bone turnover markers increased with the elevation of the PTH quartiles, with significant differences between the first and the fourth quartile (P <0. 01). Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that age was correlated inversely with CTX, OC and PINP ( beta = -0. 126, -0. 141 and -0. 122, P <0.05) , PTH positively with the three markers (beta = 0. 196, 0.279 and 0.189; P <0. 001), and SHBG negatively with OC ( beta = -0. 100, P <0.05) .</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Aging is the fundamental cause of reduced bone turnover in aged men. The levels serum PTH and SHBG are significantly associated with the biochemical markers of bone turnover.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Bone Density , Bone Remodeling , Physiology , Bone and Bones , Metabolism , Estradiol , Blood , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Blood , Gonadal Steroid Hormones , Blood , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Parathyroid Hormone , Blood , Testosterone , Blood
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351109

ABSTRACT

This study examined the prevalence of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) among residents aged ≥50 years living in Yongchuan district of Chongqing. Stratified cluster sampling was employed in random selection to estimate the prevalence of glaucoma from April to June, 2005. Twenty-nine villages or neighborhood communities were randomly selected in urban area (Zhongshan Road), suburban area (Shanjiao Town) and exurban area (Zhutuo Town) of this district. All the respondents underwent detailed ophthalmic examinations. The examinations included questionnaire investigation, visual acuity test, naked-eye examination, measurement of peripheral anterior chamber depth (Van Herrick's technique), detection of intraocluar pressure (IOP) with a Perkins hand-held applanation tonometer (HA-2) and examination of the optic disc by using a 78 diopters (D) lens (including the cup-disc ratio, cup/disc ratio asymmetries, horizontal and vertical diameter, notching and optic disc hemorrhages). A total of 5938 residents were actually examined, and the response rate was 85.19%. The crude prevalence of POAG was 0.86% (n=51/5938, 95% CI 0.64%-1.11%). There were 24 males and 27 females in the glaucoma group. The glaucoma prevalence was not significant different in case number between the male and female subjects (P=0.4900). Furthermore, no association between age or schooling and POAG was noted (P=0.8030, 0.0734). Out of 51 subjects with POAG, unilateral glaucoma-related blindness occurred in 38 subjects (74.5%) and bilateral glaucoma-related blindness was found in 7 subjects (13.7%). This study exhibited that the prevalence of POAG was 0.86% among residents aged ≥50 years living in Yongchuan District of Chongqing. The vision loss caused by POAG in this population was obviously higher than that previously reported in other studies. Glaucoma management, detection of affected persons and handling of the burden of glaucoma should be the priorities of the agenda of local health authorities of Western China.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blindness , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Female , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Gonioscopy , Methods , Health Surveys , Methods , Humans , Intraocular Pressure , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vision Disorders , Diagnosis , Epidemiology
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