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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2124-2129, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904687

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the early visual quality of the tri-focal and the mono-focal intraocular lens(IOLs)implantation in patients with age-related cataract, under comparison and analysis.<p>METHODS: A retrospective research design. Totally 168 eyes of 119 age-related cataract patients who underwent cataract phacoemulsification combined with tri-focal and mono-focal IOLs implantation surgery in the cataract department from June 2018 to January 2021 were enrolled. In tri-focal and mono-focal group, 61 eyes of 44 cases and 107 eyes of 75 cases. One month after phacoemulsification combined with IOLs implantation, visual acuity, visual quality and contrast sensitivity were inspected. All data were under statistical analysis.<p>RESULTS: On LogMAR uncorrected distance visual acuity(UDVA),uncorrected intermediate visual acuity(UIVA), uncorrected near visual acuity(UNVA), best corrected distance visual acuity(BDVA), distance corrected intermediate visual acuity(DIVA), distance corrected near visual acuity(DNVA), tri-focal group were extremely better than mono-focal group(all <i>P</i><0.001). In terms of visual quality, the scores of modulation transfer function(MTF)cut-off frequency, optical scatter index(OSI), Strehl ratio(SR), tri-focal group were significantly higher than mono-focal group(all <i>P</i><0.05). On 18 cycle/degree(cpd)spatial frequency under dark and light adaptation conditions, contrast sensitivity scores of the mono-focal group was significantly better than those of the tri-focal group(<i>P</i><0.001). Based on the questionnaire with the VF/QOF scale, the daily life experience scores and off-glass index, the tri-focal group was significantly better than that of the mono-focal group(<i>P</i><0.05), and incidence of glare was no significant difference between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Tri-focal IOLs can provide a full range of relatively better vision and visual quality in patients after age-related cataract phacoemulsification combined with IOLs implantation, and perform well under different conditions.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922774

ABSTRACT

This work was aimed to establish a quality control method for evaluating the effects on glucose and lipids of the fruiting body of Isaria cicadae Miquel from strain Ic-17-7 (Ic-17-7fb) using a rat model of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Random amplified polymorphic DNA, sequence-characterized amplified region, and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were used for the quality control of Ic-17-7fb. The pharmacological effects on streptozocin (STZ)-induced high fat diet (HFD)-fed Albino Wistar rats were evaluated. The rats underwent the following treatments: control, metformin, Ic-17-7fb (0.166 and 0.5 g·kg


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Cordyceps , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Metformin , Quality Control , Rats , Rats, Wistar
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1198-1201, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the distribution characteristics and rules of pain sensitivity points on body surface in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#A total of 916 patients with KOA were selected in this study, the pain sensitivity points of local site of knee joint were probed by thumb palpation. Tape was used to measure the distance between the pain sensitivity points and the most nearby acupoints. The Wagner tenderness measuring instrument was used to measure the tenderness threshold of pain sensitivity points.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3618 pain sensitivity points were probed, among them, 3338 pain sensitivity points were sensitized. The minimum sensitization degree was 1.00, the maximum sensitization degree was 3.39, while the average sensitization degree was (2.16±0.60). Pain sensitivity points were distributed 0.37-1.73 @*CONCLUSION@#The pain sensitivity points of patients with KOA may be the expansion effect of acupoint areas in the disease states, pain sensitivity points are more likely to appear on the medial side of knee joint.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Knee Joint , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Pain Threshold
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873308

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the effect of Erjingwan on the biological basis of kidney yin deficiency Alzheimer' s disease(AD)rats induced by ovariectomy+ D-galactose combined with amyloid beta1-40 (Aβ1-40). Method::After ovariectomy, rats were randomly divided into five groups: model group, positive group, Erjingwan high, medium and low dose group, 11 rats in each group, and 11 rats in sham operation group. One week after operation, D-galactose was injected intraperitoneally for 7 weeks, and four weeks after operation, Aβ1-40 was injected unilaterally into hippocampus. The rats in model group and sham-operation group were given saline by intragastric administration 3 weeks after operation. The rats in high, middle and low dose groups of Erjingwan were given corresponding concentration (9.0, 4.5, 2.25 g·kg-1). The rats in positive control group were given Donepezil 1.0 mg·kg-1 with dosage of 10 mL·kg-1 once a day for 35 consecutive days. After 30 days of administration, the learning ability of the rats were examined using a Y-maze. The hippocampus tissues of rats were isolated. The morphology of hippocampus was observed by Nissl staining.The proteins were detected by Nanol-ESI liquid-mass spectrometry system and identified by protein Discovery software. Relative quantitative and qualitative analysis of differential proteins in hippocampus was performed by SIEVE software, and Gene Ontology of differential protein was performed by PANTHER Classification System database. String analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)pathway enrichment were performed on the differential proteins. Result::Compared with model group, the correct rate of Y maze in the high and middle dose groups of Erjingwan was significantly raised(P<0.05), and the number of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 area was significantly increased(P<0.01).115 differential proteins (Ratio>1.5 or Ratio<0.5) such as Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptors(IGF-1R) were found in the high-dose group of the Erjingwan group as well as 94 differential proteins such as Synaptophysin expressed in the middle-dose group of the Erjingwan. And there are 87 differential proteins such as Acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase-cytosolic in the positive drug group. It showed that these proteins were mainly divided into tubule-related proteins, heat shock proteins, energy metabolism-related proteins and AD-related proteins with GO analysis. It was found that the above differential proteins involved 93 signaling pathways such as Dopaminergic synaps by KEGG analysis. Conclusion::Erjingwan can improve cognitive impairment and neuronal damage in rats with kidney yin deficiency, possibly by altering the expression of multiple pathway-associated proteins such as phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B signaling pathway(PI3K/Akt), insulin signaling pathway, and adenylate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)signaling pathway, estrogen signaling pathway, and Dopaminergic synapse.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831833

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Hyaluronic acid (HA) regulates cell adhesion, migration and proliferation in various cancers. The clinical implications of HA in resected head and neck squamous cell carcinoma have not been elucidated. We investigated the clinical significance and prognostic value of the expression of tumoral and stromal HA and its related proteins in oropharyngeal and oral cavity cancer. @*Methods@#Resected tissues from oropharyngeal or oral cavity cancer patients undergoing surgery were analysed in tissue microarrays divided into stroma and cancer panels. The expression levels of HA, HA synthases and hyaluronidases were also assessed by immunohistochemistry. @*Results@#A total of 160 resected oropharyngeal or oral cavity cancer tissues were analysed. Stromal HA expression was observed more frequently in human papilloma virus (HPV)-negative tumors, but other clinicopathological characteristics did not differ. In patients with HPV-negative oral cavity cancers, high stromal HA expression was associated with significantly shorter recurrence-free survival and overall survival compared with low stromal HA expression. The expression of HA in both tumors and stroma was significantly correlated with poorer outcomes than other combinations in patients with HPV-negative oral cavity cancers. However, these prognostic roles of HA were not observed in patients with HPV-negative oropharyngeal cancers. In the HPV-stratified multivariate analysis, high stromal HA expression remained an independent indicator of poor prognosis in terms of recurrence-free survival. @*Conclusions@#High stromal HA and expression of HA in both tumors and stroma were correlated with poor prognosis in HPV-negative oral cavity cancer, but not in HPV-negative oropharyngeal cancers.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831070

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics and treatment pattern of ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) in Korea and the role of adjuvant chemotherapy in earlystage. @*Materials and Methods@#Medical records of 308 cases of from 21 institutions were reviewed and data including age, performance status, endometriosis, thromboembolism, stage, cancer antigen 125, treatment, recurrence, and death were collected. @*Results@#Regarding stage of OCCC, it was stage I in 194 (63.6%), stage II in 34 (11.1%), stage III in 66 (21.6%), and stage IV in 11 (3.6%) patients. All patients underwent surgery. Optimal surgery (residual disease ≤ 1 cm) was achieved in 89.3%. Majority of patients (80.5%) received postoperative chemotherapy. The most common regimen was taxane-platinum combination (96%). Median relapse-free survival (RFS) was 138.5 months for stage I, 33.4 for stage II, 19.3 for stage III, and 9.7 for stage IV. Median overall survival (OS) were not reached, 112.4, 48.7, and 18.3 months for stage I, II, III, and IV, respectively. Early-stage (stage I), endometriosis, and optimal debulking were identified as favorable prognostic factors for RFS. Early-stage and optimal debulking were also favorable prognostic factors for OS. Majority of patients with early-stage received adjuvant chemotherapy. However, additional survival benefit was not found in terms of recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Majority of patients had early-stage and received postoperative chemotherapy regardless of stage. Early-stage and optimal debulking were identified as favorable prognostic factors. In stage IA or IB, adding adjuvant chemotherapy did not show difference in survival. Further study focusing on OCCC is required.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857808

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the 80% ethanol elution part of Tinospora sinensis macroporous resin extract on the expression of hippocampus proteome in Alzheimer′s disease (AD) model rats induced by D-galactose combined with Aβ2535. METHODS: The AD rats model replicated by D-galactose combined with Aβ2535, The AD rat model was replicated by D-galactose combined with Aβ2535, and randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, Donepezil group (donepezil, 6.0 mg•kg-1), and 80% extraction of Tinospora sinensi group (crude drug 6 g•kg-1). Donepezil group: donepezil 0.1 mL•10 g-1 ig. 80% extraction of Tinospora sinensi group: Tinospora sinensis effective part extraction 0.1 mL•10 g-1 ig. Model group and sham-operation group: physiological saline 0.1 mL•10 g-1 ig. Once a day, continuous administration for 15 d. Separating the hippocampus and extracting the protein, take the system test with nanol-ESI liquid-mass spectrometry, protein discovery software was used for identification, and qualitative analysis different groups of hippocampal proteins by SIEVE software. Take the GO analysis on differential protein with the ANTHER classification system and use IPAD to enrich the pathway. RESULTS: Compared with the model group, the drug-administered group had 66 differential proteins, including tubulin, heat shock proteins, energy metabolism-related proteins, vesicle production/transport related proteins, and brain protection-related proteins, which are closely related to AD. The above differential proteins involve a total of 21 signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: Tinospora sinensis may promote the synthesis and release of neurotransmitters by up-regulating clathrin and vesicle-forming transport and neurotransmitter release, and improve the function of cholinergic function in the brain to achieve the pathological process of AD.

8.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 196-201, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827827

ABSTRACT

Outbreak of COVID-19 is ongoing all over the world. Spine trauma is one of the most common types of trauma and will probably be encountered during the fight against COVID-19 and resumption of work and production. Patients with unstable spine fractures or continuous deterioration of neurological function require emergency surgery. The COVID-19 epidemic has brought tremendous challenges to the diagnosis and treatment of such patients. To coordinate the diagnosis and treatment of infectious disease prevention and spine trauma so as to formulate a rigorous diagnosis and treatment plan and to reduce the disability and mortality of the disease, multidisciplinary collaboration is needed. This expert consensus is formulated in order to (1) prevent and control the epidemic, (2) diagnose and treat patients with spine trauma reasonably, and (3) reduce the risk of cross-infection between patients and medical personnel during the treatment.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Cross Infection , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Pandemics , Patient Care Team , Pneumonia, Viral , Epidemiology , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Spinal Injuries , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Transportation of Patients
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 255-261, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827061

ABSTRACT

Preclinical studies suggest that the GABA receptor is a potential target for treatment of substance use disorders. Baclofen (BLF), a prototypical GABA receptor agonist, is the only specific GABA receptor agonist available for application in clinical addiction treatment. The nucleus accumbens shell (AcbSh) is a key node in the circuit that controls reward-directed behavior. However, the relationship between GABA receptors in the AcbSh and memory reconsolidation was unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intra-AcbSh injection of BLF on the reconsolidation of morphine reward memory. Male C57BL/6J mice were used to establish morphine conditioned place preference (CPP) model and carry out morphine reward memory retrieval and activation experiment. The effects of intra-AcbSh injection of BLF on morphine-induced CPP, reinstatement of CPP and locomotor activity were observed after environmental cues activating morphine reward memory. The results showed that intra-AcbSh injection of BLF (0.06 nmol/0.2 μL/side or 0.12 nmol/0.2 μL/side), rather than vehicle or BLF (0.01 nmol/0.2 μL/side), following morphine reward memory retrieval abolished morphine-induced CPP by disrupting its reconsolidation in mice. Moreover, this effect persisted for more than 14 days, which was not reversed by a morphine priming injection. Furthermore, intra-AcbSh injection of BLF without morphine reward memory retrieval had no effect on morphine-associated reward memory. Interestingly, administration of BLF into the AcbSh had no effect on the locomotor activity of mice during testing phase. Based on these results, we concluded that intra-AcbSh injection of BLF following morphine reward memory could erase morphine-induced CPP by disrupting its reconsolidation. Activating GABA receptor in AcbSh during drug memory reconsolidation may be a potential approach to prevent drug relapse.


Subject(s)
Animals , Baclofen , Conditioning, Classical , GABA-B Receptor Agonists , Locomotion , Male , Memory , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Morphine , Nucleus Accumbens , Opioid-Related Disorders , Reward
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of anterolateral spinal canal decompression combined with short segment screw fixation with posterior approach for severe thoracolumbar burst fractures with spinal cord injury.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to June 2018, 16 patients with severe thoracolumbar burst fractures (more than 50% of ratio of spinal canal encroachment, reverse fragment at the posterior edge of the vertebral body) with spinal cord injury were retrospectively analyzed, including 10 males and 6 females, ranging in age from 19 to 57 years old. Causes of injury:8 cases of fall injury, 6 cases of traffic accident injury and 2 cases of other injuries. Fracture site:T@*RESULTS@#All 16 patients were followed up, and the average follow up time was (15.9±5.4) months. The average operation time was (234±41) minutes and the average amount of bleeding was (431±93) ml. The loss of anterior height of injured vertebrae was (52.25±10.10)% before operation, (8.93± 3.61)% at 3 days after operation, and (9.25±2.88)% at the latest follow up. The results of 3 days after operation and the latest follow up were better than that before operation, and there was no significant differencesbetween results at the latest follow up and 3 days after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#For severe thoracolumbar burst fracture and spinal cord injury, with more than 50% of ratio of spinal canal encroachment and reverse fragment at the posterior edge of the vertebral body, the anterolateral spinal canal decompression combined with short segment screw fixation with posterior approach has the characteristics of accurate reduction, complete decompression and firm fixation, and the clinical effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Screws , Decompression , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Canal , Spinal Cord Injuries/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several COVID-19 patients have overlapping comorbidities. The independent role of each component contributing to the risk of COVID-19 is unknown, and how some non-cardiometabolic comorbidities affect the risk of COVID-19 remains unclear.@*Methods@#A retrospective follow-up design was adopted. A total of 1,160 laboratory-confirmed patients were enrolled from nine provinces in China. Data on comorbidities were obtained from the patients' medical records. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio ( @*Results@#Overall, 158 (13.6%) patients were diagnosed with severe illness and 32 (2.7%) had unfavorable outcomes. Hypertension (2.87, 1.30-6.32), type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (3.57, 2.32-5.49), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (3.78, 1.81-7.89), fatty liver disease (7.53, 1.96-28.96), hyperlipidemia (2.15, 1.26-3.67), other lung diseases (6.00, 3.01-11.96), and electrolyte imbalance (10.40, 3.00-26.10) were independently linked to increased odds of being severely ill. T2DM (6.07, 2.89-12.75), CVD (8.47, 6.03-11.89), and electrolyte imbalance (19.44, 11.47-32.96) were also strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease on admission (5.46, 3.25-9.19), while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes (6.58, 1.46-29.64) within two weeks.@*Conclusion@#Besides hypertension, diabetes, and CVD, fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, other lung diseases, and electrolyte imbalance were independent risk factors for COVID-19 severity and poor treatment outcome. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease, while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/virology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919029

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#The purpose of the study is to investigate the associations between sarcopenia and health-related quality of life in elderly men and women in Korea.@*METHODS@#In a cross-sectional study using data from 2008 to 2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 4,937 adults aged 60 years and older who underwent a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan were included in the study. Sarcopenia is defined as an appendicular skeletal muscle index of two standard deviations or more below the mean for young, healthy reference populations. The health-related quality of life was measured using the EuroQol-5 dimension questionnaire.@*RESULTS@#The overall prevalence of sarcopenia was 6.6% in these Korean people over the age of 60 years: 11.1% for men and 3.2% for women. Sarcopenic men tended to have lower income, lower physical activity, lower body mass index, and smaller waist circumference compared with nonsarcopenic men. Sarcopenic women tended to have higher body mass index and larger waist circumference compared with nonsarcopenic women. Sarcopenic men showed higher impairments in mobility, self-care, usual activities, and pain/discomfort compared with nonsarcopenic men. Women with sarcopenia also showed higher impairments in mobility, self-care, usual activities, and anxiety/depression compared with nonsarcopenic women. Sarcopenia showed an association with impairments in selfcare for men, and with impairments in self-care, usual activities, and anxiety/depression for women, after adjusting for other confounding factors.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant association between sarcopenia and impaired health-related quality of life in this elderly Korean population, and these results differ between men and women.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719274

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study was conducted to identify risk factors that predict vulnerability to cancer therapy on the basis of the clinical, geriatric, and quality of life assessment before starting treatment in elderly patients. METHODS: Seventy-five patients aged 65 years and over with newly diagnosed stage IV solid cancer receiving chemotherapy were analyzed. Clinical and laboratory data were collected. The geriatric assessment was performed using the Korean versions of the Modified Barthel Index, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Mini-Mental State Examination, and Geriatric Depression Scale. The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life Core Questionnaire (EORTC-QLQ-C30) was also performed. RESULTS: Forty-one patients stopped cancer treatment during or after the end of first-line therapy and were classified as the treatment interruption group. By univariate analysis, treatment interruption was associated with metastases to ≥ 2 distant sites, lower albumin level, lower EORTC-QLQ-C30 physical and role functioning scores, and higher EORTC-QLQ-C30 fatigue and appetite loss symptom scores. By multivariate analysis, treatment interruption was significantly associated with low score for the EORTC-QLQ-C30 physical functioning scale (odds ratio [OR], 1.020; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.002 to 1.039; p = 0.030), and ≥ 2 sites of distant metastases (OR, 2.965; 95% CI, 1.012 to 8.681; p = 0.047). CONCLUSIONS: The EORTC-QLQ-C30 physical functioning score and metastases to ≥ 2 organs, which indicate a poor physical functional status and metastatic high tumor burden, were significantly associated with interruption of first-line treatment in elderly patients with cancer.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Aged , Appetite , Depression , Drug Therapy , Fatigue , Geriatric Assessment , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Tumor Burden
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698724

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is an important indicator of human energy metabolism, and low BMR leads to the dysfunction of liver and kidney. Low BMR is usually found in patients with hip fractures, but there is a lack of study on the relationship between mortality of hip fracture and low BMR. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of low BMR on the 1-year mortality in older adults with hip fractures. METHODS: Totally 507 patients with hip fractures aged more than 60 years from January 2014 to March 2016 were included in this retrospective study. Age, sex, surgery or not, surgical pathway, duration from injury to surgery, hospitalized pulmonary infection, number and kind of comorbidities, and 1-year mortality were recorded. BMR on admission was recorded, and multiple Logistic regression analysis was applied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: All patients were followed up for 13-15 months, and the 1-year mortality was 13.41% (68/507). The mortality in the low BMR group was significantly higher than that in the non-low BMR group (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that older age, conventional treatment, number of combined medical diseases, hospitalized pulmonary infection, and low BMR are risk factors for 1-year mortality in older adults with hip fracture. These results imply that low BMR is strongly associated with 1-year mortality in older adults with hip fracture. BMR can reflect the nutritional status, neuroendocrine, cellular and energy metabolism. Thereafter, for older adults with hip fractures and low BMI, nutrition therapy, re-warming, and endocrine therapy may help reduce the trauma-induced mortality.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698595

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: For the treatment of middle clavicle fractures, elastic intramedullary nailing has gradually gained everyone's approval because of its small incision and short operation time. Locking plate fixation is currently the main surgical treatment. At present, there are a few comparative studies on the results of the two surgical treatments, but the results are still controversial. In particular, there is a lack of comparative studies on long-term efficacy and complications. OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical results and complications of locking plate and elastic intramedullary nailing for middle clavicular fracture. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 85 patients with middle clavicular fractures who were hospitalized at the Army General Hospital of Second Medical College of Southern Medical University from June 2014 to June 2015 undergoing surgeries was performed. They were divided into two groups randomly: locking plate group (n=62) and elastic intramedullary nailing group (n=23). The incision length, operation time, blood loss and time of hospital staying were compared between the two groups. Regular follow-up, radiography assessment and postoperative complications and shoulder function score were measured. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Incision length, operation time, blood loss and time of hospital staying were significantly better in the elastic intramedullary nailing group than in the locking plate group (P < 0.05). (2) The complications of the elastic intramedullary nailing group were significantly lower than that of the locking plate group (P < 0.05). The main complications of locking plate group were superficial wound infection, hypesthesia in the local incision and implant protuberance. Only two patients in the intramedullary nailing group experienced complications. (3) The healing rate of elastic intramedullary nailing group was higher than that of the locking plate group, which was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). (4) The DASH scores and the Constant-Murley scores of the two groups after operation were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). (5) The elastic intramedullary nailing and locking plate are both effective methods for the treatment of middle clavicular fracture. Incision length, operation time, blood loss and average length of hospital stay have obvious advantages; the incidence of complications is low; and recovery is fast in the elastic intramedullary nailing group. However, elastic nail may stimulate the local skin, causing some impact for the patients' daily life.

16.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 661-665, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698089

ABSTRACT

Surgical treatment is important for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In recent years, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) and Robotic VATS (RVATS) have been widely used in the therapies for patients of early stage NSCLC and traditional thoracotomy is becoming less and less. Many patients with ground-glass note (GGN) can be cured by VATS and Robotic procedures, and which promotes the development of minimally invasive surgery. However, the treatment of GGN is controversial. This article makes a summary of the selection in single VATS, RVATS and lung segments for surgical procedures in NSCLC.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691364

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect and potential mechanisms of rutaecarpine (Rut) in a rat artery balloon-injury model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The intimal hyperplasia model was established by rubbing the endothelia with a balloon catheter in the common carotid artery (CCA) of rats. Fifty rats were randomly divided into five groups, ie. sham, model, Rut (25, 50 and 75 mg/kg) with 10 rats of each group. The rats were treated with or without Rut (25, 50, 75 mg/kg) by intragastric administration for 14 consecutive days following injury. The morphological changes of the intima were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The expressions of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and smooth muscle (SM) α-actin in the ateries were assayed by immunohistochemical staining. The mRNA expressions of c-myc, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2), MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were determined by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The protein expressions of MKP-1 and phosphorylated ERK2 (p-ERK2) were examined by Western blotting. The plasma contents of nitric oxide (NO) and cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) were also determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the model group, Rut treatment significantly decreased intimal thickening and ameliorated endothelial injury (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The positive expression rate of PCNA was decreased, while the expression rate of SM α-actin obviously increased in the vascular wall after Rut (50 and 75 mg/kg) administration (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, the mRNA expressions of c-myc, ERK2 and PCNA were downregulated while the expressions of eNOS and MKP-1 were upregulated (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The protein expressions of MKP-1 and the phosphorylation of ERK2 were upregulated and downregulated after Rut (50 and 75 mg/kg) administration (P<0.05 or P<0.01), respectively. In addition, Rut dramatically reversed balloon injury-induced decrease of NO and cGMP in the plasma (P<0.05 or P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rut could inhibit the balloon injury-induced carotid intimal hyperplasia in rats, possibly mediated by promotion of NO production and inhibiting ERK2 signal transduction pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Animals , Carotid Arteries , Metabolism , Pathology , Carotid Artery Injuries , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Cyclic GMP , Blood , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression Regulation , Hyperplasia , Indole Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Nitric Oxide , Blood , Phosphorylation , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , Quinazolines , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tunica Intima , Pathology
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691363

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of evodiamine (Evo), a component of Evodiaminedia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth, on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by angiotensin II (Ang II) and further explore the potential mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cardiomyocytes from neonatal Sprague Dawley rats were isolated and characterized, and then the cadiomyocyte cultures were randomly divided into control, model (Ang II 0.1 μmol/L), and Evo (0.03, 0.3, 3 μmol/L) groups. The cardiomyocyte surface area, protein level, intracellular free calcium ([Ca]) concentration, activity of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and content of nitric oxide (NO) were measured, respectively. The mRNA expressions of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), calcineurin (CaN), extracellular signal-regulated kinase-2 (ERK-2), and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) of cardiomyocytes were analyzed by real-time reverse transcriptionpolymerase chain reaction. The protein expressions of calcineurin catalytic subunit (CnA) and mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) were detected by Western blot analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, Ang II induced cardiomyocytes hypertrophy, as evidenced by increased cardiomyocyte surface area, protein content, and ANF mRNA expression; increased intracellular free calcium ([Ca]) concentration and expressions of CaN mRNA, CnA protein, and ERK-2 mRNA, but decreased MKP-1 protein expression (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with Ang II, Evo (0.3, 3 μmol/L) significantly attenuated Ang II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, decreased the [Ca] concentration and expressions of CaN mRNA, CnA protein, and ERK-2 mRNA, but increased MKP-1 protein expression (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Most interestingly, Evo increased the NOS activity and NO production, and upregulated the eNOS mRNA expression (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Evo signifificantly attenuated Ang II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and this effect was partly due to promotion of NO production, reduction of [Ca]i concentration, and inhibition of CaN and ERK-2 signal transduction pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II , Animals , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Metabolism , Calcineurin , Genetics , Metabolism , Calcium , Metabolism , Dual Specificity Phosphatase 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism , Hypertrophy , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Pathology , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Quinazolines , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691170

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Meta analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Dynesys and posterior decompression and fusion internal fixation for lumbar degenerative diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The computer was used to retrieve the Cochrane library, Medline, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang database and Chinese biomedical literature database; and the references and main Chinese and English Department of orthopedics journals were manually searched. All the prospective or retrospective comparative studies on the clinical efficacy and safety of Dynesys and posterior decompression and fusion internal fixation were collected, so as to evaluate the methodological quality of the study and to extract the data. The RevMan 5.2 software provided by Cochrane collaboration was used for systematic evaluation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 9 clinical studies were included, including 3 prospective randomized controlled trials(RCT) and 6 retrospective controlled observational studies, which included 692 patients, with 336 cases in Dynesys group, and 356 cases in posterior decompression and fusion internal fixation (PLIF) group. The results showed that compared with PLIF, Dynesys system significantly decreased operation time(<0.01), intraoperative blood loss (<0.01). Both Dynesys and PLIF groups experienced improved ODI and back/leg pain VAS scores at final follow-up, and no statistically significant difference was noted according to the two surgical procedures(>0.05). Dynesys could remain the range of motion (ROM) of surgical segments with less increased ROM of adjacent segments compared with that of PLIF group(<0.01). Regarding the disc height of surgical segments, no statistically significant difference was noted according to the two groups(>0.05), but postoperative complications incidence rate in PLIF group was higher than that in Dynesys group (<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both Dynesys system and PLIF can improve clinical outcomes of lumbar degenerative diseases effectively. Compared with PLIF, Dynesys could remain the range of motion(ROM) of surgical segments with less increased ROM of adjacent segments and lower complication incidence rate. But the ability to prevent adjacent segments degeneration needs more RCTs with long-term follow-up to confirm.</p>

20.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 325-328,333, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792730

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the killing mechanism induced by Coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) in primary muscle cells of gerbils, and to lay the foundations for elucidation the pathogenesis of CV-A16 and the further application of gerbil model. Methods The primary muscle cell model was established by digestion of trypsase/collagenase double enzyme hydrolysis. Primary muscle cells were infected by different dose of CV-A16 and the cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assays. Chromatin condensation and break were measured by Hoechst 33258 staining. The early and last stage of apoptosis cells were measured by AnnexinV/PI double staining. Expression changes of Caspase-3, Caspase-8, JNK and NF-κB pathway proteins were detected by Western Blot. Results The cell viability were 88.95% and 64.05% at groups of different multiplicity of infection (MOI=0.50 and 1.00), which was significantly different from those of the negative control group. The cell viability and multiplicity of infection were negative correlation (rs=-0.857, P=0.014) . The apoptosis rates were 7.2%, 21.8% and 50.7% at MOI=0.01,0.10 and 1.00 groups, respectively. The apoptosis rate and MOI were positive correlation (rs=1.000, P<0.001) . When the primary cells were infected by CV-A16, cleavage of Caspase-3 and Caspase-8 were detected. Western Blot assays showed that the expression of NF-κB pathway proteins IκBα, p65 and p-p65 were reduced, which was different in enterovirus 71-infected cells. The JNK kinase was actived. Conclusion CV-A16 could induce apoptosis in primary muscle cells from gerbils.

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