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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936362

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the protective effect of hyperoside (Hyp) against ydrogen peroxide (H2O2)- induced oxidative damage in mouse spermatocytes GC-2 cells and explore the role of the Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 pathway in this protective mechanism.@*METHODS@#GC-2 cells were treated with 2.5 mmol/L azaacetylcysteine (NAC), 50, 100, and 200 μmol/L hyperoside, or the culture medium for 48 h before exposure to H2O2 (150 μmol/L) for 2 h. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the changes in cell viability, and cell apoptosis was analyzed using flow cytometry. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), catalase (CAT) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the culture medium. Western blotting and RT-qPCR were used to detect the protein and mRNA expression levels of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor2 (Nrf2), Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1), and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1); the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 was detected using immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#Exposure to H2O2 significantly lowered the proliferation rate, reduced the activities of SOD, GSH and CAT, and obviously increased MDA content, cell apoptosis rate, and the expressions of Keap1 and Nrf2 mRNA and Keap1 protein in GC-2 cells (P < 0.05 or 0.01). Treatment of the cells prior to H2O2 exposure with either NAC or 200 μmol/L hyperoside significantly increased the cell proliferation rate, enhanced the activities of SOD, GSH-PX and CAT, and lowered MDA content and cell apoptosis rate (P < 0.05). Treatment with 200 μmol/L hyperoside significantly decreased the mRNA and protein expressions of Keap1 and increased the expressions of HO-1 mRNA and the protein expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 (P < 0.05 or 0.01). Hyperoside also caused obvious nuclear translocation of Nrf2 in the cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hyperoside protects GC-2 cells against H2O2- induced oxidative damage possibly by activation of the Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Male , Mice , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Quercetin/analogs & derivatives , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Spermatocytes/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic mechanism of gastrodin injection for alleviating lung injury caused by focal cerebral ischemia in rats and the role of the NGF-TrkA pathway in mediating this effect.@*METHODS@#Forty SD rats were equally randomized into normal group, sham-operated group, model group and gastrodin group, and in the latter two groups, rat models of focal cerebral ischemia were established by embolization of the right middle cerebral artery. After successful modeling, the rats were treated with intraperitoneal injection of gastrodin injection at the daily dose of 10 mg/kg for 14 days. After the treatment, the wet/dry weight ratio of the lung tissue was determined, the pathological changes in the lung tissue were observed using HE staining, and the levels of IL-10 and TNF-α in the arterial blood were detected with ELISA. The expressions of NF-κB p65 and TNF-α in the lung tissue were detected with Western blotting, and the expressions of NGF and TrkA were detected using immunohistochemical staining and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal control and sham-operated groups, the rats in the model group showed obvious inflammatory lung injury, significantly increased wet/ dry weight ratio of the lungs (P < 0.01), increased TNF-α level in arterial blood (P < 0.01), and significantly up-regulated protein expressions of NF-κB p65 (P < 0.01), TNF-α (P < 0.01), NGF (P < 0.05) and TrkA(P < 0.05) in the lung tissue. Treatment with gastrodin injection obviously alleviated lung inflammation, decreased the wet/dry weight ratio of the lungs (P < 0.05), and significantly lowered TNF-α level (P < 0.01) and increased IL-10 level in the arterial blood in the rat models (P < 0.01); gastrodin injection also significantly decreased the protein expressions of NF-κB p65 and TNF-α (P < 0.05) and up-regulated the expressions of NGF and TrkA in the lung tissue of the rats (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The NGF/TrkA pathway may participate in cerebral ischemia-induced inflammatory lung injury, which can be obviously alleviated by gastrodin through the activation of the anti-inflammatory pathway mediated by the NGF/TrkA pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Benzyl Alcohols , Brain Ischemia , Glucosides , Lung/metabolism , Lung Injury , NF-kappa B , Nerve Growth Factor , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929260

ABSTRACT

Wuzi-Yanzong-Wan (WZYZW) is a classic prescription for male infertility. Our previous investigation has demonstrated that it can inhibit sperm apoptosis via affecting mitochondria, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The purpose of the present study was to explore the actions of WZYZW on mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) in mouse spermatocyte cell line (GC-2 cells) opened by atractyloside (ATR). At first, WZYZW-medicated serum was prepared from rats following oral administration of WZYZW for 7 days. GC-2 cells were divided into control group, model group, positive group, as well as 5%, 10%, 15% WZYZW-medicated serum group. Cyclosporine A (CsA) was used as a positive control. 50 μmol·L-1 ATR was added after drugs incubation. Cell viability was assessed using CCK-8. Apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry and TUNEL method. The opening of mPTP and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were detected by Calcein AM and JC-1 fluorescent probe respectively. The mRNA and protein levels of voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1), cyclophilin D (CypD), adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT), cytochrome C (Cyt C), caspase 3, 9 were detected by RT-PCR (real time quantity PCR) and Western blotting respectively. The results demonstrated that mPTP of GC-2 cells was opened after 24 hours of ATR treatment, resulting in decreased MMP and increased apoptosis. Pre-protection with WZYZ-medicated serum and CsA inhibited the opening of mPTP of GC-2 cells induced by ATR associated with increased MMP and decreased apoptosis. Moreover, the results of RT-qPCR and WB suggested that WZYZW-medicated serum could significantly reduce the mRNA and protein levels of VDAC1 and CypD, Caspase-3, 9 and CytC, as well as a increased ratio of Bcl/Bax. However, ANT was not significantly affected. Therefore, these findings indicated that WZYZW inhibited mitochondrial mediated apoptosis by attenuating the opening of mPTP in GC-2 cells. WZYZW-medicated serum inhibited the expressions of VDAC1 and CypD and increased the expression of Bcl-2, which affected the opening of mPTP and exerted protective and anti-apoptotic effects on GC-2 cell induced by ATR.


Subject(s)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine , Animals , Atractyloside/pharmacology , Cyclophilin D , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Mice , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins/metabolism , Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore , RNA, Messenger , Rats
4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 149-165, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929077

ABSTRACT

Leptin, an adipocyte-derived peptide hormone, has been shown to facilitate breathing. However, the central sites and circuit mechanisms underlying the respiratory effects of leptin remain incompletely understood. The present study aimed to address whether neurons expressing leptin receptor b (LepRb) in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) contribute to respiratory control. Both chemogenetic and optogenetic stimulation of LepRb-expressing NTS (NTSLepRb) neurons notably activated breathing. Moreover, stimulation of NTSLepRb neurons projecting to the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN) not only remarkably increased basal ventilation to a level similar to that of the stimulation of all NTSLepRb neurons, but also activated LPBN neurons projecting to the preBötzinger complex (preBötC). By contrast, ablation of NTSLepRb neurons projecting to the LPBN notably eliminated the enhanced respiratory effect induced by NTSLepRb neuron stimulation. In brainstem slices, bath application of leptin rapidly depolarized the membrane potential, increased the spontaneous firing rate, and accelerated the Ca2+ transients in most NTSLepRb neurons. Therefore, leptin potentiates breathing in the NTS most likely via an NTS-LPBN-preBötC circuit.


Subject(s)
Leptin/pharmacology , Membrane Potentials , Neurons/metabolism , Solitary Nucleus/metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942335

ABSTRACT

Objective : To study the effect of temperature and light intensity on photosynthetic fluorescence parameters, volatile oil content, and growth of Atractylodes lancea and provide reference for the rational selection of cultivation environment for A. lancea. MethodWe determined the photosynthetic indexes (such as net photosynthetic rate, water use efficiency, and carboxylation rate), light response curve, CO2 response curve, fluorescence parameters, and the content of four volatile oils in A. lancea under two temperature treatments (32 °C and 22 °C) and two light treatments (full light and shade). ResultThe net photosynthetic rate and water use efficiency of A. lancea under high temperature + strong light were significantly higher than those under high temperature + weak light and low temperature + strong light. The ability of A. lancea to use weak light at low temperature was the strongest, while the utilization rate of weak light under strong light significantly reduced. The photosynthetic rate of A. lancea at low temperature was more susceptible to light intensity and CO2 concentration than that at high temperature. The maximum photosynthetic rate and apparent quantum efficiency under weak light were significantly higher than those under strong light. The photoreaction efficiency at high temperature was higher than that at low temperature. The total amount of volatile oil in A. lancea treated with high temperature + weak light was the highest, reaching 4.582%. Compared with high temperature + strong light, high temperature + weak light significantly increased the content of hinesol and β-eudesmol in A. lancea by 91.7% and 35.7%, respectively, and low temperature + strong light significantly increased the content of hinesol by 87.5%. The content of β-eudesmol in low temperature + weak light treatment was significantly lower than that in high temperature + weak light treatment. ConclusionTThe growth of A. lancea was affected by the interaction between temperature and light. The light and temperature conditions required for the accumulation of volatile oil were not consistent with those suitable for the growth and development of A. lancea. A. lancea responded to the changes of light and temperature conditions by regulating the synthesis and accumulation of volatile oil.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940608

ABSTRACT

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a common disease in urology and andrology, is mainly manifested as enlarged prostate glands, bladder outlet obstruction, and lower urinary tract symptoms(LUTS), which seriously affects the quality of life of middle-aged and elderly men. This disease falls into the categories of "retention of urine" and "prostatic hypertrophy" in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In recent years,many doctors have put forward their understandings of BPH based on academic classics and their clinical experience. Clinical research on the treatment of BPH with TCM has become increasingly abundant. The basic pathogenesis of BPH lies in the disturbance of Qi transformation in the bladder and poor blood circulation due to kidney Qi deficiency in the aged. The disease is located in the kidney and the bladder and is related to the dysfunction of the lung and the kidney. It is basically characterized by deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality. A large number of clinical research reports have proved that TCM is efficient in alleviating the clinical symptoms of BPH patients, improving their quality of life, reducing the volume of the prostate, and decreasing postoperative complications. In addition, the external treatment methods of TCM, such as acupuncture therapy, moxibustion, hot water bathing, acupoint application, anal suppository, and enema therapy, are also widely used in clinical practice, demonstrating the diverse ways of TCM in treating BPH. TCM and western medicine complement each other's advantages in the treatment of BPH, thus enhancing the clinical efficacy and reducing the occurrence of long-term complications. This study reviewed the etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment progress of BPH with TCM in recent years, and summarized the current research status. From three aspects of producing high-quality clinical research, standardizing the clinical diagnosis and treatment of TCM, and combining cutting-edge research to explore the mechanism of TCM, it provided suggestions for clinical research on the treatment of BPH with TCM to promote the development and application of TCM in the treatment of this disease.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940507

ABSTRACT

Prunellae Spica is the dry ear of the labiaceae plant Prunella vulgaris, which is a traditional medicine and food plant with many functions. Prunellae Spica can clear liver-fire, improve eyesight, disperse knot detumescence. It owns hot and bitter flavors and cold property. It goes to the liver, gallbladder meridian, and is a kind of commonly-used antifebric. Prunellae Spica has been used in the treatment of mammary gland diseases since ancient times.The mammary abscess, mammary nodules, mammary carcinoma of traditional Chinese medicine all belong to breast disease, and the liver meridian is most closely related to these diseases. With the development of social life, breast disease has gradually become the most primary health problem for women. Modern pharmacological studies show that Prunellae Spica contains terpenoids, phenolic acids, flavonoids and other biological active components, which have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, hormone regulation, anti-tumor and other effects. Prunellae Spica inhibits the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK)/nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) pathway to play an anti-mastitis role, interferes with the effects of estrogen receptors or regulates lipid levels to treat breast hyperplasia, and treats breast cancer through promoting the apoptosis of breast cancer cells, inhibiting the migration of breast cancer cells, regulating the division of breast cancer cells and other ways. While referring to the relevant literature, it was found that Prunellae Spica often exerted pharmacological effects through multi-channels and multi-target regulation, but most of the studies did not specify the specific target of its effect, which needs further study. In this review, the effects and mechanisms of Prunellae Spica in the treatment of various breast diseases were summarized, so as to provide a reference for further research on the wider clinical therapeutic effects of Prunella subtilis and its therapeutic effects on breast diseases.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 237-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935934

ABSTRACT

The high incidence of chronic liver disease is a serious threat to public health, and the current comprehensive internal medicine treatment is ineffective. Liver transplantation is limited by the shortage of liver source and post-transplant rejection, and thus unmet the clinical needs. More importantly, cell therapy shows great promise for the treatment of chronic liver disease. Over recent years, domestic and foreign scholars have carried out a variety of cell therapy preclinical and clinical trials for critical liver disease, and achieved certain results, providing new methods for the treatment of chronic liver diseases. This review discusses the cell therapy research status and application progress, various existing problems and challenges, and key issues of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of chronic liver diseases.


Subject(s)
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Humans , Liver Diseases/therapy , Liver Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the potential guiding role of fractional flow reserve(FFR) in surgical revascularization by comparing the relationship between coronary fractional flow reserve(FFR) and blood flow pattern status of bypass graft.Methods:A total of 86 patients with coronary artery disease between March 2016 to October 2019 were included in the study, with 59 males and 27 females; the age ranged from 42 to 77 years old, with an average of(58±12) years old. According to the measured FFR value of the left anterior descending artery, they were divided into severe ischemic group(FFR<0.75), boundary group(0.75≤FFR<0.80) and mild ischemic group(FFR≥0.80). Transit time flow meter(TTFM) was used to evaluate the blood flow status of the bridge vessel from the left internal thoracic artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery.Results:Mean graft flow(MGF) was measured at(21.24±5.71)ml/min, (18.25±7.72)ml/min, (16.47±7.83)ml/min in severe ischemic group, boundary group and mild ischemic group. The results of mean pulsatility index(PI) was 2.58±0.96, 3.14±1.19 and 3.53±1.34, the ratio of diastolic flow during the entire graft flow was 0.63±0.10, 0.55±0.11 and 0.53±0.11, patients appeared systolic reverse flow was 2 cases(3.6%), 3 cases(18.8%) and 3 cases (20.0%), respectively. There were statistically significant differences in MGF( P=0.027)、PI( P=0.007)、the ratio of DF( P=0.001) and the quantity of patients appeared systolic reverse flow( P=0.027) between the three groups. Conclusion:Due to increasing severity of coronary artery stenosis, MGF and the ratio of diastolic flow increased, and there appears to be an decreased PI and quantity of patients appeared systolic reverse flow. The chance of bypass graft occlusion may increase for the near and middle term in mild to moderate functional coronary artery stenosis(FFR≥0.75). For patients with severe functional coronary artery stenosis(FFR<0.75), it can obtain satisfactory flow parameters and ideal clinical outcomes.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) in perioperative, medium and long term prognosis of patients with carotid artery stenosis.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 1 329 cases of carotid artery stenosis treated at Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital from Jan 2011 to Aug 2020, as all cases being divided into CAS group and CEA group.Results:There were significant differences in age ( t=0.098, P=0.023) and drinking habits ( χ2=8.055, P=0.005) between the two groups. There were more unstable plaques in CEA group ( χ2=4.392, P=0.038), and more bilateral lesions in CAS group ( χ2=9.673, P=0.038). In perioperative period, there were more mannitol use in CEA group ( χ2=78.614, P<0.001), more incision/puncture site complications ( χ2=5.158, P=0.035), lung infection ( χ2=6.355, P=0.013), cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) ( χ2=5.158, P=0.035) and extracranial nerve injury ( χ2=23.760, P<0.001) in CEA group than in CAS group, and more acute renal failure in CAS group ( χ2=10.393, P=0.001). There was no significant difference in survival rate and ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, cerebral hemorrhage and renal insufficiency between the two groups (all P>0.05). The mean survival time of CAS group was 53.195 months (95% CI: 52.040-54.350), and 54.492 months (95% CI: 53.790-55.195) in CEA group ( P=0.051). Conclusions:Patients in CEA group had more unstable plaque and a lower perioperative stroke rate. CEA group had higher risk of CHS,while CAS was with lower postoperative lung infection rate and less wound local complications. There was no significant difference in long-term survival between the two groups.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the basic biological characteristics of lncRNA B230352I09 and its role in the process of myocardial injury.Methods:We analyzed the biological characteristics of lncRNA B230352I09 on the UCSC website and predicted the possible binding protein of lncRNA B230352I09 by the catRAPID. Real-time fluorescence quantitative (RT) PCR method was applied to detect the expression of lncRNA B230352I09 in heart tissues at different time points (0, 1, 3, 7d) within 7 days after birth, the organs distribution and expression of lncRNA B230352I09 in neonatal mouse and the expression pattern of lncRNA B230352I09 in the heart of mice with myocardial injury. In addition, we constructed hypoxia model by culturing primary cardiomyocytes to detect the effect of lncRNA 230352I09 overexpression on hypoxic cardiomyocyte apoptosis by Hoechst staining kit, the effect of lncRNA B230352I09 overexpression on ROS content of hypoxic cardiomyocyte by DCFDA probe and changes in mitochondrial membrane potential of hypoxic cardiomyocytes by JC-1 Fluorescent probes.Results:Full-length of mouse B230352I09 was 663bp, located in the chr7:123031415-123066439 forward strand. RBBP6 gene was adjacent to B230352I09, which may be the target of lncRNA B230352I09 by catrapid prediction analysis. With the development of the heart, the expression level of lncRNA B230352I09 showed a gradual downward trend. The main expression organs of lncRNA B230352I09 in 1-day-old mice were heart, brain, kidney and liver. In heart tissue, lncRNA B230352I09 expression in non-cardiomyocytes was significantly less than in cardiomyocytes [ (1.0± 0.03) vs. (9.2± 3.29), P=0.013]. After myocardial injury, the expression level of lncRNA B230352I09 showed an increasing trend compared with the normal developing mice, but there was no statistical significance. Hoechst staining showed that lncRNA B230352I09 could inhibit the apoptosis of hypoxic cardiomyocytes. Detecting the content of ROS in cardiomyocytes showed that compared with the hypoxia group, the generation of ROS was significantly reduced in the lncRNA B230352I09 overexpression group ([(3.8±0.71) vs. (1.65±0.56), P=0.015]). JC-1 fluorescent probe was used to detect the mitochondrial membrane potential, and the results showed that the mitochondrial membrane potential of cardiomyocytes in the lncRNA B230352I09 overexpression group was significantly higher than that in the hypoxia group. Conclusions:In heart tissue, lncRNA B230352I09 was mainly expressed in cardiomyocytes. LncRNA B230352I09 has a protective effect in the process of myocardial injury in mice, mainly by inhibiting apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, reducing ROS production, and protecting mitochondrial membrane potential of cardiomyocytes.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1168-1172, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929500

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the macular retina vascular density of patients with acute central retinal artery occlusion(CRAO)by optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)and to analyze the relationship with retinal circulation time of these patients on fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA).METHODS: Retrospective case analysis. A total of 43 patients(43 eyes)from January 2019 to March 2021 admitted to Shaanxi Eye Hospital with clinical diagnosis of acute CRAO(course of disease ≤7d)were included. All patients underwent FFA, OCTA, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)examination and thrombolytic therapy. The patients with enhanced or unchanged retinal blood flow signal in the affected eye showed on OCTA before treatment compared with the contralateral healthy eye were assigned to group A, and the patients with retinal blood flow signal of the affected eye was lower than that in the contralateral healthy eye by OCTA were assigned to group B. Image J software was used for OCTA image processing to evaluate the macular retina vascular density before treatment, and FFA examination was performed to record the affected retinal circulation time before treatment.RESULTS: The retinal vascular density of patients in the affected eye and the contralateral healthy eye in group A was higher than that in group B(25.08%±4.40% vs 12.24%±3.41%, 25.72%±2.70% vs 17.89%±4.55%, all P&#x003C;0.001), the filling time(FT)of retinal artery trunk to terminal in group B [96(20.50, 193.50)s] was longer than that in group A [11(5.00, 19.50)s](P&#x003C;0.001). The course of disease, the retinal vascular density of contralateral healthy eye and FT were related factors of retinal vascular density of the affected eye(all P&#x003C;0.05), and the influence strength order was FT, course of disease and the retinal vascular density of contralateral healthy eye, in which the course of disease and FT was negatively correlated with the retinal vascular density.CONCLUSION: OCTA retinal vascular density was correlated with FFA retinal circulation time in CRAO patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928849

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Exploring the effectiveness of using EEG linear and nonlinear features for accessing mental workload in different tasks.@*METHODS@#Working memory tasks with different information types and various mental loads were designed based on N-Back paradigm. EEG signals from 18 normal adults were acquired when tasks were being performed. Linear and nonlinear features of EEGs were then extracted. Indices that can effectively reflect mental workload levels were selected by using multivariate analysis of variance statistical approach.@*RESULTS@#With the increment of task load, power of frontal Theta, Theta/Alpha ratio, and sample entropies (scales>10) in parietal regions increased significantly first and decreased slightly then, while the power of central-parietal Alpha decreased significantly first and increased slightly then. No difference in power of frontal Theta, central-parietal Alpha, and sample entropies (scales>10) of parietal regions were found between verbal and object tasks, as well as between two spatial tasks. No difference of frontal Theta/Alpha ratio was found in all the four tasks.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results can provide evidence for the mental workload evaluation in tasks with different information types.


Subject(s)
Electroencephalography , Memory, Short-Term , Workload
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928105

ABSTRACT

Tuber rot has become a serious problem in the large-scale cultivation of Gastrodia elata. In this study, we compared the resistance of different ecotypes of G. elata to tuber rot by field experiments on the basis of the investigation of G. elata diseases. The histological observation and transcriptome analysis were conducted to reveal the resistance differences and the underlying mechanisms among different ecotypes. In the field, G. elata f. glauca had the highest incidence of tuber rot, followed by G. elata f. viridis, and G. elata f. elata and G. elata f. glauca×G. elata f. elata showed the lowest incidence. Tuber rot showcased obvious plant source specificity and mainly occurred in the buds and bottom of G. elata plants. After infection, the pathogen spread hyphae in host cortex cells, which can change the endophytic fungal community structure in the cortex and parenchyma of G. elata. G. elata f. glauca had thinner lytic layer and more sugar lumps in the parenchyma than G. elata f. elata. The transcription of genes involved in immune defense, enzyme synthesis, polysaccharide synthesis, carbohydrate transport and metabolism, hydroxylase activity, and aromatic compound synthesis had significant differences between G. elata f. glauca and G. elata f. elata. These findings suggested that the differences in resis-tance to tuber rot among different ecotypes of G. elata may be related to the varied gene expression patterns and secondary metabolites. This study provides basic data for the prevention and control of tuber rot and the improvement of planting technology for G. elata.


Subject(s)
Ecotype , Gastrodia/microbiology , Gene Expression Profiling , Plant Tubers/genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928063

ABSTRACT

UPLC-Q-TOF-MS combined with network pharmacology and experimental verification was used to explore the mechanism of acupoint sticking therapy(AST) in the intervention of bronchial asthma(BA). The chemical components of Sinapis Semen, Cory-dalis Rhizoma, Kansui Radix, Asari Radix et Rhizoma, and Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens were retrieved from TCMSP as self-built database. The active components in AST drugs were analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, and the targets were screened out in TCMSP and Swiss-TargetPrediction. Targets of BA were collected from GeneCards, and the intersection of active components and targets was obtained by Venny 2.1.0. The potential targets were imported into STRING and DAVID for PPI, GO, and KEGG analyses. The asthma model induced by house dust mite(HDM) was established in mice. The mechanism of AST on asthmatic mice was explored by pulmonary function, Western blot, and flow cytometry. The results indicated that 54 active components were obtained by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and 162 potential targets were obtained from the intersection. The first 53 targets were selected as key targets. PPI, GO, and KEGG analyses showed that AST presumedly acted on SRC, PIK3 CA, and other targets through active components such as sinoacutine, sinapic acid, dihydrocapsaicin, and 6-gingerol and regulated PI3 K-AKT, ErbB, chemokine, sphingolipid, and other signaling pathways to intervene in the pathological mechanism of BA. AST can improve lung function, down-regulate the expression of PI3 K and p-AKT proteins in lung tissues, enhance the expression of PETN protein, and reduce the level of type Ⅱ innate immune cells(ILC2 s) in lung tissues of asthmatic mice. In conclusion, AST may inhibit ILC2 s by down-regulating the PI3 K-AKT pathway to relieve asthmatic airway inflammation and reduce airway hyperresponsiveness.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Asthma/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Immunity, Innate , Lymphocytes , Mice , Network Pharmacology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928036

ABSTRACT

This study steps through the future perspectives and gives the development suggestions of Chinese medicinal materials(CMM) industry by presenting the characteristics and open problems during the 13 th Five-Year Plan period. The development of CMM industry presents the following trends:(1)the development of Dao-di herbs speeds up with the increasing demand for high-quality CMM;(2)the mismatch between supply and demand is aggravating, which presses for supply-side structural reform;(3)ecological planting will become the core mode of production and bolster rural revitalization;(4)the demand for CMM with both medical and edible values keeps growing, and the antibiotic-free feed policy brings significant opportunities;(5)the "Internet Plus CMM" wave emerges, which promotes the construction of traceability system. Finally, we put forward the following suggestions for the sustainable development of CMM industry:(1)optimizing the layout for the production of Dao-di herbs according to local conditions;(2)strengthening the commercialization of the seeds and the breeding, multiplication, and extension of CMM to accelerate the realization of specialized seed production, mechanized seed processing, localized variety layout, and county-based unified seed supply;(3)ensuring the safety of pesticide use and accelerating the registration of special pesticides;(4)promoting both theoretical and practical research on ecological production of CMM;(5)publicizing the demonstration and popularization of CMM traceability system. Overall, significant progress has been achieved in the CMM industry during the 13 th Five-Year Plan period, and this industry is in a critical stage of high-quality development, facing both challenges and opportunities.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Industry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Breeding
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927905

ABSTRACT

Carbon dioxide peaking and carbon neutrality have become hot issues of political and economic activities in China and abroad. The structure and development of various industries in China will be profoundly affected in the process of accomplishing "Dual Carbon" goals. Eco-agriculture of Chinese medicine(EACM) highlights the balance and sustainable development of the ecosystem while producing high-quality medicinal materials. With chemically synthesized fertilizers, pesticides, and growth regulators prohibited, EACM emphasizes the recycling of agricultural and sideline products and the reduction of waste output, which results in the minimal negative impact on the ecological environment. Therefore, it is typical agriculture with low-carbon sources and high-carbon sinks. This study reviewed the mechanism and potential of EACM in carbon dioxide peaking and carbon neutrality, analyzed the specific ways of EACM in reducing carbon sources and increasing carbon sinks based on the typical ecological planting pattern, and proposed the point of view to strengthen EACM as well as the "Dual Carbon" theory and research methods, so as to direct low-carbon and efficient deve-lopment. Furthermore, this study advocated to comprehensively promote the transformation of Chinese medicine production from chemical agriculture to eco-agriculture to improve the comprehensive benefits of contribution rate of carbon neutrality, explore and establish carbon sink compensation mechanism to ensure the sustainable and healthy development of EACM, and strengthen the training of EACM and "Dual Carbon" theory and technologies to continuously improve the capacity of EACM in sustainable development. This study is expected to provide a reference for the development of ecological functions in EACM and the development of economic functions through ecological functions.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Carbon Dioxide , China , Ecosystem , Fertilizers , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885597

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of shoulder subluxation on the peripheral nerves in the hemiplegic upper limbs of stroke survivors.Methods:Twenty stroke survivors with shoulder subluxation were enrolled. Conduction in their suprascapular, axillary, musculocutaneous, radial, median and ulnar nerves was monitored and needle electromyography was used to monitor activity in the supraspinatus, deltoid, biceps brachii, extensor digitorum, abductor pollicis brevis and abductor digiti minimi muscles of their affected upper limbs at rest. Upper limb and hand function were assessed using the Brunnstrom scale. The rate of change in the amplitude of the compound muscle action potentials (CMAPs) was correlated with the patient′s disease duration, age, and upper limb and hand Brunnstrom stages.Results:Compared with the healthy side, a significant decrease was observed in the CMAP amplitudes of the suprascapular, axillary, musculocutaneous, radial, median and ulnar nerves of the hemiplegic arm, and the latency of the suprascapular and axillary nerves was significantly prolonged. There was no inter-arm difference in the conduction velocity of the musculocutaneous, radial, median and ulnar nerves. The rates of change in the CMAP amplitudes of the suprascapular, axillary and musculocutaneous nerves were significantly higher than those of the radial, median and ulnar nerves. The sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) amplitudes of the median, ulnar and radial nerves on the hemiplegic side were significantly lower than on the healthy side, but there was no significant difference in the sensory conduction velocity between the two sides. On the hemiplegic side, the median nerve had the highest rate of change rate in the SNAP amplitude, followed by the radial and ulnar nerves, but there was no significant difference among them. Nor was there any significant difference in the rate of change in sensory nerve conduction velocity. The muscles of the affected upper limbs had higher potentials in the proximal than that in the distal nerves after shoulder subluxation. The rate of change in the CMAPs was not significantly correlated with a patient′s disease duration, age, or upper limb or hand Brunnstrom stage on the hemiplegic side.Conclusions:Shoulder subluxation after a stroke can cause greater damage to the peripheral nerves in the shoulder and upper arm than to those in the forearm and hand, possibly affecting the recovery of upper limb function.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885295

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the perioperative complications of carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty or primary closure.Methods:The clinical data of 492 carotid endarterectomy patients at the Vascular Surgery Department of Anzhen Hospital from Mar 2003 to Dec 2016 was analyzed retrospectively.Results:There were 364 cases (74%) in the patch angioplasty group and 128 cases (26%) in the primary closure group. The incidence of perioperative ischemic stroke was significantly lower in the patch angioplasty group than that in the primary closure group (0.8% vs. 3.9%, P=0.031), and there was no difference in the incidence of the remaining perioperative complications. By subgroup analysis, the incidence of perioperative ischemic stroke was significantly lower in the patch angioplasty group than in the primary closure group when the diameter of the internal carotid artery was <5 mm (0.7% vs. 6.0%, P=0.001), whereas there was no difference between the two groups when the diameter of the internal carotid artery was ≥5 mm. Conclusions:Carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty can reduce the incidence of perioperative cerebral infarction, especially in cases with an internal carotid artery diameter <5 mm.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884563

ABSTRACT

Radiation pneumonitis (RP) is the most common adverse event of thoracic radiotherapy, which primarily occurs within the 3 months after the beginning of radiotherapy. RP can not only negatively affect the pulmonary function and quality of life of patients, but also limit the prescribed dose and the implementation of radiotherapy plan, lower the radiotherapy efficacy and even lead to death. Currently, multiple studies have been conducted to explore the predictive factors of RP. In this article, clinical predictive factors including dosimetric parameters, peripheral blood cells along with cytokines and pulmonary function parameters were classified and illustrated, aiming to provide valuable predictive indicators for clinical use and reduce the incidence of RP.

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