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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1399-1402, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996311

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation and influencing factors of scoliosis in 12-year-old students from Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, so as to provide scientific basis for accurate prevention and control of abnormal spinal curvature.@*Methods@#From October to November 2021, a total of 18 399 students aged 12 were selected by region and school level by stratified random cluster sampling method, and spinal curvature screening and questionnaire survey of common diseases and health influencing factors among students were carried out. Chi squared test was used for single factor analysis, and binary Logistic regression model was used for multi factor analysis.@*Results@#A total of 397 students (2.2%) were detected with abnormal curvature of the spine, including 368 students (2.0%) with scoliosis. Among them, 205 cases were in the lumbar thoracic segment with a detection rate of 1.1%, 173 cases were in the thoracic segment with a detection rate of 0.9%, and 141 cases were in lumbar thoracic segment with a detection rate of 0.8%. Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that urban area, economic area(moderate), attending tutorial classes before primary school and class seats never changed regularly were positively correlated with the occurrence of scoliosis among 12 year old students ( OR =1.95,1.67,1.76,1.71, P <0.05). Obesity, attending an average of 3 or 4 physical education classes per week, attending physical fitness and beauty classes before primary school were negatively correlated with the occurrence of scoliosis among 12 year old students ( OR =0.69,0.31,0.36,0.71, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of scoliosis among 12-year-old students in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is not optimistic. It should pay attention to the prevention and control of scoliosis in students before the age of 12, actively prevent the occurrence and progress of scoliosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1308-1312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988845

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the prevalence of overweight, obesity and depression among students in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in 2019-2022 and explore the relevant factors affecting the co-morbidity of overweight,obesity and depression among students, so as to provide scientific basis for the prevention of co-morbidity.@*Methods@#From September 2019 to 2022, used stratified random cluster sampling, 90 519,71 560,90 079,91 089 students were selected from all 12 leagues in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region for questionnaire survey and physical examination. The χ 2 test was used for demographic characteristics and univariate analysis, and a binary Logistic regression model was used to explore the association between lifestyle behaviors and co-morbidity.@*Results@#The detection rate of overweight,obesity among students from 2019-2022 was 29.21%,34.38%,35.20%,34.61%, the detection rate of depression was 18.35%,17.53%,16.43%,16.00%, and the co-morbidity detection rate of the two was 5.52%,5.93%,5.76%,5.46%. The number of overweight,obesity and depression co-morbidity students in 2022 was 4 978 students, and the co-morbidity detection rates of the students were significantly different in terms of the school segments and the family structures ( χ 2=103.51, 99.90, P <0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that consuming sugar sweetened beverages or fried food ≥1 time/d, sometimes or never eat breakfast, watching computer or TV ≥2 h/d, and less than 1 h of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity on weekends were positively correlated with the occurrence of the co-morbidity of overweight,obesity and depression, with the value of OR ranging from 1.17 to 1.59 ( P <0.05). Eated fresh fruits or drinking milk and soy milk ≥1 time/d, outdoor activities ≥1 h/d, sleep ≥8 h/d, not smoking and not drinking alcohol were negatively correlated with the occurrence of comorbid overweight,obesity and depression, with the value of OR ranging from 0.47 to 0.92 ( P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#The occurrence of overweight,obesity and depressive symptoms co-morbidity in students is associated with dietary, exercise and lifestyle behavior. Targeted measures should be taken to maintain students healthy weight and prevent the occurrence of depression from the aspects of diet, exercise and life habits.

3.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 254-261, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965840

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study aims to investigate the role of suPAR in the pathogenesis of podocyte injury in FSGS. Methods① The sera of primary FSGS patients (17 cases) were collected. Healthy volunteers (10 cases) and patients with other types of primary nephrotic syndrome (10 cases) were set as normal and disease controls. SuPAR levels were detected by ELISA; ② Podocytes were stimulated by suPAR in vitro, and cells were collected to analyze apoptosis by flow cytometry and for RNAseq analysis; ③ Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened from RNAseq data. Both up-regulated and down-regulated genes were analyzed by KEGG and GO enrichment analysis. Heat map was used to show expression of genes related to podocyte focal adhesion, slit diaphragm and actin dynamics and endocytosis. Differentially expressed genes were verified by qPCR. Results① The level of suPAR in FSGS patients was significantly increased, and that in other nephrotic syndrome(NS) patients was also significantly increased; ② suPAR stimulation significantly altered the transcriptome pattern of human podocytes. A total of 272 up-regulated genes and 288 down-regulated genes were screened; ③ KEGG and GO enrichment analysis of up-regulated and down-regulated genes showed that Focal adhesion and DNA replication and DNA repair related pathways were significantly down-regulated; ④ suPAR did not increase podocyte apoptosis. ConclusionThe level of suPAR is significantly increased in patients with primary FSGS. SuPAR may promote podocyte injury by interfering with genomic homeostasis and disrupting focal adhesion, slit diaphragm, actin dynamics and endocytosis-related functional molecules of podocytes.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1-8, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964304

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic idiopathic colorectal inflammatory diseases with a progressive and unpredictable course, including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Abnormal intestinal inflammation and immune response contribute to the pathogenesis of IBD. Autophagy as an essential catabolic process in cells, has been demonstrated to have associations with a variety of inflammatory diseases including IBD. Here, we review the relationship between autophagy dysfunction and the process of IBD. The progress of several autophagy regulators for intestinal epithelial cells and macrophages is highlighted (inflammasome inhibitors, intestinal flora regulators, and other signal regulators) in the current studies on IBD.

5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 436-439, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981711

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of modified alternate negative pressure drainage on postoperative outcomes after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) surgery.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective study involving 84 patients who underwent PLIF surgery between January 2019 and June 2020. Of these patients, 22 had single-segment surgery and 62 had two-segment surgery. Patients were grouped by surgical segment and admission sequence:the observation group included patients with a single-segment surgery, and the control group included patients with a two-segment surgery. Natural pressure drainage was given to 42 patients in the observation group (modified alternate negative pressure drainage group) after surgery, which was then changed to negative pressure drainage after 24 hours. In the control group, 42 patients were given negative pressure drainage after surgery, which was then changed to natural pressure drainage after 24 hours. The total drainage volume, drainage time, maximum body temperature at 24 hours and 1 week after surgery, and drainage-related complications were observed and compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in operative time and intraoperative blood loss between the two groups. The postoperative total drainage volume was significantly lower in the observation group (456.69±124.50) ml than in control group (572.36±117.75) ml, and the drainage time was significantly shorter in the observation group (4.95±1.31) days than in the control group (4.00±1.17) days. Maximum body temperature at 24 hours after surgery was similar in both groups (37.09±0.31)°C in the observation group and (37.03±0.33)°C in the control group, while on the 1st week after surgery, it was slightly higher in the observation group (37.05±0.32)°C than in the control group (36.94±0.33)°C, but the difference was not significant. There were no significant differences in drainage-related complications, with one case(2.38%) of superficial wound infection in the observation group and two cases(4.76%) in control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Modified alternate negative pressure drainage after posterior lumbar fusion can reduce the drainage volume and shorten the drainage time without increasing the risk of drainage-related complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Prospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Drainage , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 575-583, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the efficacy of acupuncture for the treatment of tobacco withdrawal syndrome.@*METHODS@#The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding acupuncture for treatment of tobacco withdrawal syndrome were searched in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane, Medline and EMbase databases. The search period was from January 1st of 2011 to December 31st of 2021. After data extraction and bias risk assessment of the included literature, the Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan5.4.1 software.@*RESULTS@#Totally 23 RCTs were included, including 2 120 patients. The Meta-analysis results showed that compared with medication, acupuncture showed no significant difference at improving Fagerström test for nicotine dependence (FTND) score (MD=0.16, 95%CI: -0.08, 0.41), heaviness of smoking index (HSI) score (MD=0.11, 95%CI: -0.13, 0.36), Minnesota nicotine withdrawal scale (MNWS) score (MD=0.12, 95%CI: -0.11, 1.35), questionnaire of smoking urges (QSU) score (MD=-0.30, 95%CI: -2.78, 2.18), Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) score (MD=0.76, 95%CI: -1.54, 3.06), abstinence rate (RR=0.95, 95% CI: 0.82, 1.10) and effective rate (RR=1.01, 95%CI: 0.95, 1.07). Acupuncture was superior to sham acupuncture in reducing MNWS score (MD=-4.88, 95%CI: -5.21, -4.55, P<0.000 01). Acupuncture was superior to cognitive behavioral therapy in reducing FTND score (MD=-1.41, 95%CI: -1.74, -1.08), MNWS score (MD=-4.28, 95%CI: -5.31, -3.25) and increasing abstinence rate (RR=2.19, 95%CI: 1.39, 3.45, P<0.000 01, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture could effectively improve tobacco withdrawal syndrome, increase abstinence rate and effective rate. Limited by the quantity and quality of the included studies, this conclusion needs to be verified by more studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nicotiana , Acupuncture Therapy , Syndrome , Nicotine , Smoking
7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 795-803, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971834

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection among patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in some regions of China. Methods Serum samples were collected from 3 131 patients with chronic HBV infection in 10 provinces, cities, and autonomous regions of China from March 2021 to June 2022, and anti-HDV IgG ELISA was used for the detection of all serum samples. Nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (nRT-PCR) was used to detect HDV RNA in anti-HDV IgG-positive samples, and the nRT-PCR amplification products of HDV RNA-positive samples were sequenced and analyzed to determine HDV genotype. The clinical features of anti-HDV IgG-positive patients were analyzed. The Mann-Whitney U rank sum test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Results The positive rate of anti-HDV IgG in the 3 131 patients with chronic HBV infection was 0.70% (22/3 131), and that in the patients with chronic HBV infection in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Beijing, and Hunan Province was 1.81% (16/886), 0.88% (2/226), 0.28% (2/708), and 1.00% (2/200), respectively; the patients with chronic HBV infection in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region had a significantly higher positive rate of anti-HDV IgG than those in Beijing ( P =0.004), and there was no significant difference between the other regions ( P > 0.05). Clinical features of the patients with chronic HBV infection in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region showed that compared with the anti-HDV IgG-negative group, the anti-HDV IgG-positive group had a significantly higher proportion of patients with Mongol nationality ( P =0.001), abnormal alanine aminotransferase ( P =0.007), or antiviral treatment ( P =0.029), as well as a significantly lower median HBV DNA level ( P =0.030). A total of 19 HDV RNA-positive samples were identified, all of which had HDV genotype 1. Conclusion The prevalence rate of HDV varies greatly across different regions of China, with a higher prevalence rate of HDV in patients with chronic HBV infection from Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. HDV genotype 1 is the predominant genotype in some provinces and cities of northern China.

8.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 520-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985955

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of high-dose dual therapy compared with bismuth-containing quadruple therapy for treating Helicobacter pylori(H.pylori) infection in servicemen patients. Methods: A total of 160 H. pylori-infected, treatment-naive servicemen, including 74 men and 86 women, aged from 20 years to 74 years, with a mean (SD) age of 43 (13) years, tested in the First Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from March 2022 to May 2022 were enrolled in this open-label, randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups: the 14-day high-dose dual therapy group and the bismuth-containing quadruple therapy group. Eradication rates, adverse events, patient compliance, and drug costs were compared between the two groups. The t-test was used for continuous variables, and the Chi-square test for categorical variables. Results: No significant difference in H. pylori eradication rates were found between high-dose dual therapy and bismuth-containing quadruple therapy by ITT, mITT and PP analysis[ITT:90.0% (95%CI 81.2%-95.6%) vs. 87.5% (95%CI 78.2%-93.8%), χ2=0.25, P=0.617;mITT:93.5% (95%CI 85.5%-97.9%) vs. 93.3% (95%CI 85.1%-97.8%), χ2<0.01, P=1.000; PP: 93.5% (95%CI 85.5%-97.9%) vs. 94.5% (95%CI 86.6%-98.5%), χ2<0.01, P=1.000 ]. The dual therapy group exhibited significantly less overall side effects compared with the quadruple therapy group [21.8% (17/78) vs. 38.5% (30/78), χ2=5.15,P=0.023]. There were no significant differences in the compliance rates between the two groups [98.7%(77/78) vs. 94.9%(74/78), χ2=0.83,P=0.363]. The cost of medications in the dual therapy was 32.0% lower compared with that in the quadruple therapy (472.10 RMB vs. 693.94 RMB). Conclusions: The dual regimen has a favorable effect on the eradication of H. pylori infection in servicemen patients. Based on the ITT analysis, the eradication rate of the dual regimen is grade B (90%, good). Additionally, it exhibited a lower incidence of adverse events, better compliance and significantly reduced cost. The dual regimen is expected to be a new choice for the first-line treatment of H. pylori infection in servicemen but needs further evaluation.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Bismuth , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/adverse effects , Drug Therapy, Combination , Treatment Outcome , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6663-6675, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008864

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the effects of different processed products of Polygonati Rhizoma(black bean-processed Polygonati Rhizoma, BBPR; stewed Polygonati Rhizoma, SPR) on the urinary metabolites in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease(AD). Sixty SPF-grade male SD rats were randomized into a control group, a model group, a donepezil group, a BBPR group, and a SPR group, with twelve rats in each group. Other groups except the control group were administrated with D-galactose injection(100 mg·kg~(-1)) once a day for seven weeks. The control group was administrated with an equal volume of normal saline once a day for seven consecutive weeks. After three weeks of D-galactose injection, bilateral hippocampal Aβ_(25-35) injections were performed for modeling. The rats were administrated with corresponding drugs(10 mL·kg~(-1)) by gavage since week 2, and the rats in the model and control group with an equal volume of double distilled water once a day for 35 continuous days. The memory behaviour and pathological changes in the hippocampal tissue were observed. The untargeted metabolites in the urine were detected by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q/TOF-MS). Principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least square-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to characterize and screen differential metabolites and potential biomarkers, for which the metabolic pathway enrichment analysis was conducted. The results indicated that BBPR and SPR increased the new object recognition index, shortened the escape latency, and increased the times of crossing the platform of AD rats in the Morris water maze test. The results of hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining showed that the cells in the hippocampal tissue of the drug administration groups were closely arranged. Moreover, the drugs reduced the content of interleukin-6(IL-6, P<0.01) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in the hippocampal tissue, which were more obvious in the BBPR group(P<0.05). After screening, 15 potential biomarkers were identified, involving two metabolic pathways: dicoumarol pathway and piroxicam pathway. BBPR and SPR may alleviate AD by regulating the metabolism of dicoumarol and piroxicam.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Dicumarol , Galactose , Piroxicam , Metabolomics/methods , Biomarkers/urine
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4686-4692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008635

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of the seeds of Moringa oleifera were isolated and purified by using Sephadex LH-20, Toyo-pearl HW-40F, silica gel, ODS, and MCI column chromatography. The structures of compounds were identified by high-resolution mass spectrometry, ~1H-NMR, ~(13)C-NMR, HMQC, HMBC, and ~1H-~1H COSY, as well as physicochemical properties of compounds and literature data. Twelve compounds were isolated from 30% ethanol fraction of the seeds of M. oleifera and identified as ethyl-4-O-α-L-rhamnosyl-α-L-rhamnoside(1), ethyl-3-O-α-L-rhamnosyl-α-L-rhamnoside(2),(4-hydroxybenzyl)ethyl carbamate(3),(4-aminophenyl)acetic acid(4), ethyl-α-L-rhamnoside(5), methyl-α-L-rhamnoside(6), moringapyranosyl(7), 2-[4-(α-L-rhamnosyl)phenyl]methyl acetate(8), niaziridin(9), 5-hydroxymethyl furfural(10), 4-hydroxybenzeneacetamide(11), and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid(12). Among them, compounds 1 and 2 are two new compounds, compound 3 is a new natural product, and compounds 4-5 were yielded from Moringa plant for the first time. All compounds were evaluated for α-glucosidase inhibitory activity in vitro. Compound 10 showed excellent inhibitory activity with IC_(50) of 210 μg·mL~(-1).


Subject(s)
Moringa oleifera/chemistry , alpha-Glucosidases , Moringa , Seeds , Plant Extracts/pharmacology
11.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 579-590, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982527

ABSTRACT

Platelets are reprogrammed by cancer via a process called education, which favors cancer development. The transcriptional profile of tumor-educated platelets (TEPs) is skewed and therefore practicable for cancer detection. This intercontinental, hospital-based, diagnostic study included 761 treatment-naïve inpatients with histologically confirmed adnexal masses and 167 healthy controls from nine medical centers (China, n = 3; Netherlands, n = 5; Poland, n = 1) between September 2016 and May 2019. The main outcomes were the performance of TEPs and their combination with CA125 in two Chinese (VC1 and VC2) and the European (VC3) validation cohorts collectively and independently. Exploratory outcome was the value of TEPs in public pan-cancer platelet transcriptome datasets. The AUCs for TEPs in the combined validation cohort, VC1, VC2, and VC3 were 0.918 (95% CI 0.889-0.948), 0.923 (0.855-0.990), 0.918 (0.872-0.963), and 0.887 (0.813-0.960), respectively. Combination of TEPs and CA125 demonstrated an AUC of 0.922 (0.889-0.955) in the combined validation cohort; 0.955 (0.912-0.997) in VC1; 0.939 (0.901-0.977) in VC2; 0.917 (0.824-1.000) in VC3. For subgroup analysis, TEPs exhibited an AUC of 0.858, 0.859, and 0.920 to detect early-stage, borderline, non-epithelial diseases and 0.899 to discriminate ovarian cancer from endometriosis. TEPs had robustness, compatibility, and universality for preoperative diagnosis of ovarian cancer since it withstood validations in populations of different ethnicities, heterogeneous histological subtypes, and early-stage ovarian cancer. However, these observations warrant prospective validations in a larger population before clinical utilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Blood Platelets/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , China
12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1010-1015, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014786

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of sakubatril valsartan combined with dagliflozin in the treatment of patients with HFrEF and the effect on serum cardiac troponin I (CTnl) and B-type brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. METHODS: Seventy patients with HFrEF admitted to our hospital from January 2020 to October 2021 were selected and divided, using random number table method, into control group (35 cases, conventional treatment + sakubatril valsartan) and observation group (35 cases, conventional treatment + sakubatril valsartan + dagliflozin). The treatment effect, myocardial markers (serum cTnl, BNP), exercise capacity (6 min walking experiment), myocardial remodeling-related indexes [(left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd), left ventricular end-systolic internal diameter (LVESD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)] and adverse effects were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The total effective rate of treatment in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P 0.05); the changing trends of serum BNP and cTnl expressions were the same in the two groups at 3 months and 6 months of treatment, and the serum BNP and cTnl expressions of patients in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P 0.05). CONCLUSION: The combination of sakubatril valsartan and dagliflozin is effective for patients with HFrEF, and can effectively regulate serum cTnl and BNP levels with low adverse reactions.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1753-1759, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014243

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the mechanism of anti-plate- let aggregation of sorghum root active parts. Methods The effects of active fraction (WEAE-M 30%) from sorghum roots on platelet aggregation induced by collagen, thrombin and adenosine diphosphate were investigated in vitro. Western blot, enzyme-linked immunoas-say, flow cytometry and fluorescence techniques were used to explore the mechanism of the antiplatelet aggregation effect of WEAE-M 30% . Results WEAE-M 30% had a significant inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation induced by the three agonists mentioned above. The inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation induced by collagen was the most significant, with an inhibitory rate of (72. 91 ±2. 42)%. It was found that WEAE-M 30% had a significant inhibitory effect on the collagen- mediated platelet (IPVI signaling pathway protein Src, MAPK signaling pathway protein p38 and ERK phosphorylation. It also significantly inhibited the levels of ATP, P-selection and Ca2+ in platelets. Conclusions It is suggested that the mechanism of WE-AE-M 30% antiplatelet aggregation may be related to the inhibition of platelet activation pathway GPV1, MAPK and the release of typical platelet representative particles.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 27-32, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973573

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and master the allocation and distribution of radiological diagnosis and treatment resources in Nanjing, China, and to provide a basis for the health administrative departments to reasonably plan and allocate the radiological diagnosis and treatment resources in the whole city. Methods A general survey using the questionnaire on general information of radiological diagnosis and treatment institutions was conducted to investigate the amount and type of radiological diagnosis and treatment equipment and number of radiation workers in medical institutions in the whole city. Results There were totally 347 radiological diagnosis and treatment institutions at all levels involving 3999 radiation workers and 1342 sets of radiological diagnosis and treatment equipment in Nanjing. In urban radiological diagnosis and treatment institutions, there were 2798 (69.99%) radiation workers and 842 (62.74%) sets of radiological diagnosis and treatment equipment, more than those in the suburbs (1201 and 500 sets). There were 27 (7.78%) tertiary radiological diagnosis and treatment institutions, with 629 (46.87%) sets of radiological diagnosis and treatment equipment, which was more than those in the primary (287), secondary (189), and ungraded (237) medical institutions. There were 158 sets of radiological diagnosis and treatment equipment and 470 radiation workers per million people in Nanjing. Conclusion The distribution of radiological diagnosis and treatment equipment in Nanjing is uneven between urban and suburban areas and between various levels of medical institutions. The government and health administrative departments need to enhance the macroscopic readjustment and control, thus promoting the reasonable allocation of medical resources.

15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 271-276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of different acupuncture frequencies in tobacco-dependent patients and explore the impact of nicotine metabolite rate (NMR) on smoking cessation in the intervention with acupuncture.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 cases of tobacco-dependent patients were randomly divided into a high-frequency group (60 cases, 12 cases dropped off) and a low-frequency group (60 cases, 6 cases dropped off). In the two groups, smoking cessation counseling was provided prior to acupuncture. Acupuncture was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Lieque (LU 7), Zusanli (ST 36), etc. Additionally, electric stimulation was added at Lieque (LU 7) and Zusanli (ST 36), with continuous wave, 15 Hz in frequency. The duration of treatment was 8 weeks in either group. In the high-frequency group, the treatment was given 5 times weekly from week 1 to week 4, and was 3 times weekly from week 5 to week 8. In the low-frequency group, the treatment was given 3 times weekly from week 1 to week 4, and was twice a week from week 5 to week 8. The immediate withdrawal rate, persistent withdrawal rate, the score of Fagerstrőm test for nicotine dependence (FTND) before and after treatment, as well as the score of Minnesota nicotine withdrawal scale (MNWS) in 1 and 8 weeks of treatment were compared among the patients with high and low NMR between the two groups separately. The Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the influencing factors of smoking cessation in the intervention with acupuncture.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, there was no statistical significance of the differences in the immediate withdrawal rate (35.4% [17/48] vs 29.6% [16/54]) and the persistent withdrawal rate (33.3% [16/48] vs 25.9% [14/54]) between the high-frequency group and the low-frequency group (P>0.05). The difference in withdrawal rate had no statistical significance between high and low NMR patients (P>0.05). FTND scores after treatment were lower than those before treatment (P<0.01) and MNWS scores were lower than those in 1 week of treatment (P<0.01) in the two groups. However, the differences had no statistical significance between the two groups and between the patients with high NMR and low NMR (P>0.05). Age, education level and NMR were the influencing factors of smoking cessation in the intervention with acupuncture (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture with different frequencies has no obvious impact on the efficacy in tobacco-dependent patients. The lower nicotine metabolite rate in individuals, the better efficacy of acupuncture. The smokers with high nicotine metabolite rate may obtain a better effect of cessation in the high-frequency intervention with acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Nicotine , Smoking Cessation/psychology
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 237-240, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927366

ABSTRACT

The application status of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy for assisted reproductive field in the United States was analyzed, and the existing problems and future development directions were discussed. According to the survey on the 456 websites of assisted reproductive clinic in the United States mentioned in the report of U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 111 clinics among 456 assisted reproductive clinics recommend and used acupuncture and moxibustion therapy, accounting for 24.3%. Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy had obvious effect, good safety and low cost, and the assisted reproductive institutions in the United States had a high degree of application and recognition to acupuncture and moxibustion therapy. However, some problems, such as immature treatment scheme, unclear mechanism and imperfect insurance policies, still existed. In the future, the advantages of Chinese traditional acupuncture and moxibustion should combine with international modern assisted reproductive technology, and multi-center and large-sample clinical randomized controlled trials and basic experimental research on the mechanism of acupuncture and moxibustion for assisted reproduction should be carried out.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion , Reproduction , United States
17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 238-245, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935206

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the molecular mechanism of circZNF609 targeting miR-153 to regulate the proliferation and apoptosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Methods: Fifty cases of lymphoma tissue from patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who were diagnosed and treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from July 2018 to December 2019 were collected. Thirty cases of normal lymph node tissues that were confirmed to be reactive hyperplasia by pathological diagnosis during the same period were selected as controls. Real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the expression of circZNF609 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma tissues and control hyperplasia lymph nodes. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma OCI-LY19 cells were divided into control group (blank control), si-con group (transfected with siRNA control), si-ZNF609 group (transfected with circZNF609 siRNA), and si-ZNF609+ Anti-NC group (co-transfected with circZNF609 siRNA and inhibitor control) and si-ZNF609+ Anti-miR-153 group (co-transfected with circZNF609 siRNA and miR-153 inhibitor). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detected proliferation, flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle and apoptosis. Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of C-caspase-3, cyclin D1, p21. The luciferase reporter system was used to identifie the relationship between circZNF609 and miR-153. Results: The expression level of circZNF609 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma tissue was (1.44±0.22), higher than (0.37±0.14) in the control tissues (P<0.001). The cell survival rate of the si-ZNF609 group was (51.74±6.39)%, lower than (100.00±10.23)% of the control group and the (99.64±11.67)% of the si-con group (P<0.001). The proportion of cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase was (63.25±4.11)%, higher than (48.62±4.32)% of the control group and (47.12±3.20)% of the si-con group (P<0.001), the apoptosis rate was (13.36±1.42)%, higher than (3.65±0.47)% of the control group and (3.84±0.62)% of the si-con group (P<0.05). The expression levels of C-caspase-3 and p21 protein were (0.85±0.09) and (0.90±0.08), higher than (0.38±0.04) and (0.65±0.07) in the control group and (0.39±0.05) and (0.66±0.05) in the si-con group (P<0.001). The expression level of cyclin D1 protein was (0.40±0.03), lower than (0.52±0.06) of the control group and (0.53±0.04) of the si-con group (all P<0.001). CircZNF609 and miR-153 are mutually targeted. The cell survival rate of the si-ZNF609+ Anti-miR-153 group was (169.92±13.25)%, higher than (100.00±9.68)% of the si-ZNF609+ Anti-NC group (P<0.001), the ratio of cells in G(0)/G(1) phase and apoptosis rate were (52.01±3.62)% and (8.20±0.87)%, respectively, lower than (64.51±5.17)% and (14.03±1.17)% in the si-ZNF609+ Anti-NC group (P<0.001). The protein expression levels of C-caspase-3 and p21 were (0.42±0.06) and (0.52±0.06), lower than (0.80±0.07) and (0.92±0.10) of the si-ZNF609+ Anti-NC group (P<0.001). The protein expression level of cyclin D1 was (0.68±0.07), higher than (0.39±0.04) in the si-ZNF609+ Anti-NC group (P<0.001). Conclusion: Down-regulation of circZNF609 inhibits the proliferation of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma OCI-LY19 cells and induces apoptosis by targeting miR-153.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular/genetics
18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1288-1292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935000

ABSTRACT

Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy(TAO)is an autoimmune disease that is closely related to thyroid dysfunction. It is one of the most common orbital diseases in adults with complex clinical manifestations. As the disease progresses, it may manifest as proptosis, diplopia, exposure keratitis, corneal ulceration and compressive optic neuropathy, leading to irreversible visual impairment or even blindness. The treatment is lack of specificity and only focuses on clinical symptomatic treatment, the efficacy is uncertain. It is currently a problematic area of ophthalmology. Clinical first-line drug treatment is based on glucocorticoids. Second-line treatments, such as immunosuppressants and radiotherapy, all them have certain limitations. With the in-depth and comprehensive understanding of the disease, a variety of new targeted drugs represented by teprotumumab and rituximab have been developed for the pathogenesis of TAO. Their excellent roles in relieving inflammation and controlling the disease are the future research direction. In this paper, the current status and research progress of conservative treatment of TAO will be reviewed.

19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1015-1018, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936525

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the prevalence of depressive symptoms among middle school students in Nanjing and the relationship between screen time, sleep duration and depressive symptoms, and to provide a scientific reference for depression prevention in adolescents.@*Methods@#Using stratified cluster random sampling method, a total of 2 010 students from 5 middle schools in urban areas and 3 middle schools in suburban counties were selected. Screen time and sleep duration were evaluated through questionnaires, and depressive symptom was assessed by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D).@*Results@#The prevalence of depressive symptoms (CES-D≥16) was 27.71%(557). Logistic regression analysis showed that students with screen time >2 h/d( OR=1.90, 95%CI =1.53-2.37), sleep duration <7 h/d ( OR=2.54, 95%CI =1.88-3.42) were statistically associated with depressive symptoms. stratified analysis showed that, sleep duration of <7 h/d was associated with increased odds of depressive symptoms, the magnitude among students with screen time >2 h/d( OR=2.46, 95%CI =1.64-3.71) was higher than those with screen time ≤2 h/d( OR=2.35, 95%CI =1.51-3.65).@*Conclusion@#High prevalence of depressive symptoms was observed among middle school students in Nanjing. Prolonged screen time and insufficient sleep duration are associated with increased odds of depressive symptoms. Attention should be paid to the mental health of adolescents with the combined exposure of screen based activities and lack of sleep.

20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 123-129, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of DNA methylation level of HYAL2 gene as a molecular marker for differential diagnosis of malignant and benign thyroid tumors.@*METHODS@#DNA methylation of HYAL2 gene in tissue specimens of 190 patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and 190 age- and gender-matched patients with benign thyroid tumors was examined by mass spectrometry, and the protein expression of HYAL2 was detected immunohistochemically for another 55 pairs of patients. Logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and evaluate the correlation of per 10% reduction in DNA methylation with PTC. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed and the area under curve (AUC) was calculated to assess the predictive value of alterations in HYAL2 methylation.@*RESULTS@#Hypomethylation of HYAL2_CpG_3 was significantly correlated with early-stage PTC (OR=1.51, P=0.001), even in stage I cancer (OR=1.42, P=0.007). Age-stratified analysis revealed a significantly stronger correlation between increased HYAL2_CpG_ 3 methylation and early-stage PTC in patients below 50 years than in those older than 50 years (OR: 1.89 vs 1.37, P < 0.05); ROC analysis also showed a larger AUC of 0.787 in younger patients. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that patients with PTC had significantly higher protein expressions of HYAL2 than patients with benign tumors.@*CONCLUSION@#The alterations of DNA methylation level of HYAL2 gene is significantly correlated with early-stage PTC, suggesting the value of DNA methylation level as a potential biomarker for differentiation of malignant from benign thyroid tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Adenoma, Oxyphilic/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , DNA Methylation , GPI-Linked Proteins/metabolism , Hyaluronoglucosaminidase/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology
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