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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 148-151, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959070

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of immune function on the condition and prognosis of asthma in children with asthma. Methods A total of 148 children with asthma diagnosed in Qinghai women and children's Hospital from January 2018 to January 2021 were included in the analysis, the immune function of the children was determined, and the information of all children was followed up for 6 months after treatment; compared The condition and follow-up prognosis of children with immunocompromised and normal immune function were analyzed and discussed, and the correlation between the expression levels of immunoglobulins (IgG, IgA, IgM) and the condition and short-term recurrence prognosis (6 months) of children was analyzed and discussed, so as to guide Prevention and clinical work. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS19.0. Results The average age of 148 children with recurrent respiratory tract infection in the study was (8.94±3.65) years old, including 70 male children. The condition of the children was evaluated and classified into mild/severe cases: 148 children in this study included mild cases. There were 98 cases and 50 severe cases. There were more males and lower BMI levels in severe children (P<0.05) . The levels of IgG, IgA and IgM in children were all lower in severe children (P<0.05) . The follow-up found that the proportion of relapses in critically ill children was higher (P<0.05). Comparing the levels of IgG, IgA, and IgM in mild and severe children, the average levels of IgG, IgA, and IgM in severe children were lower than those in the mild group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); recurrence within 6 months of follow-up Prognostic evaluation showed that 19 of the 148 children had relapse, and the levels of IgG, IgA, and IgM in severe relapsed children were significantly lower than those without relapse (P<0.05). Analysis of the relevant factors potentially affecting the prognosis of recurrence showed that gender (female) (OR=1.726) , BMI level (weight loss) (OR=1.613) , IgG expression level factor (low expression) (OR=1.898) , IgA expression Level factor (low expression) (OR=3.509) , IgM expression level factor (low expression) (OR=3.217) and disease factor (severe) (OR=3.619) were potential risk factors, which would increase the risk of poor prognosis. Conclusion The asthma attack in children with immunocompromised immune function is relatively severe, and the short-term recurrence probability is higher, which deserves clinical attention and preventive intervention.

2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 79-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970824

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship among the gross motor function classification system (GMFCS)and the development of hip joint and lumbar spine in children with spastic cerebral palsy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 125 children with spastic cerebral palsy admitted from January 2018 to July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 85 males and 40 females, aged from 4 to 12 years old with an average of (8.4±2.9) years. According to GMFCS, the patients were divided into gradeⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ groups. There were 27 cases in gradeⅠgroup, 40 cases in gradeⅡgroup, 35 cases in grade Ⅲ group and 23 cases in grade Ⅳ group. The migration percentage(MP), central edge angle(CE), neck-shaft angle(NSA), acetabular index(AI) were measured by the radiograph of pelvis, abnormal parameters were selected to evaluate the relationship between different GMFCS grades and hip joint development. Lumbar sagittal Cobb angle, lumbar sacral angle, lumbar lordosis index and apical distance were measured by lateral lumbar radiographs to evaluate the relationship between different GMFCS grades and lumbar spine development.@*RESULTS@#①Among the 125 spastic cerebral palsy children, there were 119 cases of pelvic radiographs that met the measurement standards. In the four groups with gradeⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, MP was (22.72±3.88), (26.53±4.36), (33.84±4.99), and (49.54±7.87)%, CE was(30.10±6.99) °, ( 22.92±4.19) °, ( 17.91±5.50) °, and (-0.70±17.33)°, AI was (16.41±2.77) °, (20.46±4.63) °, (23.76±5.10) °, and ( 29.15±7.35)°, respectively, there were significant differences between the two comparisons (P<0.05). And the higher GMFCS grade, the greater MP and AI, and the smaller CE.The NSA was(142.74±10.03) °, (148.66±9.09) °, (151.66±10.52) °, and (153.70±8.05)° in four groups with gradeⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, respectively. The differences between the two comparisons of the GMFCS gradeⅠgroup and the other three groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). NSA of GMFCSⅠgroup was significantly lower than that of the others, there was no significant difference among other groups(P>0.05). ② Among the 125 spastic cerebral palsy children, there were 88 cases of lumbar spine radiographs that met the measurement standards. ③The lumbar sagittal Cobb angle was(32.62±11.10) °, (29.86±9.90) °, (31.70±11.84) °, and (39.69±6.80)° in the four groups with gradeⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, respectively;GMFSS of grade Ⅳ group was significantly higher than that of other three groups, there was significant difference between the two comparisons (P<0.05);there were no significant differences between other groups (P>0.05). In the four groups with gradeⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, the lumbosacral angle was (31.02±9.91) °, ( 26.57±9.41) °, (28.08±8.56) °, and ( 27.31±11.50)°, the lumbar lordosis index was (4.14±12.89), (8.83±13.53), (13.00±11.78), and (10.76±9.97) mm, the arch apex distance was (9.50±6.80), (6.68±3.20), (7.16±4.94), and (6.62±4.13) mm, respectively, there were no significant differences between the two comparisons(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#①In children with GMFCS gradeⅠ-Ⅳ, the higher the GMFCS grade, the worse the hip develops. ② Children with GMFCS grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ may be at greater risk for lumbar kyphosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Child, Preschool , Lordosis , Retrospective Studies , Cerebral Palsy , Hip Dislocation , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Muscle Spasticity
3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1635-1638,1648, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956350

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application effect of cone-beam computed tomography (CT) positioning combined with nasal bottom approach turbo contra-angle handpiece bone removal method in maxillary mid-high impacted supernumerary teeth.Methods:A total of 78 patients with supernumerary teeth in the middle and high position of the maxilla who were admitted to Anhui Children′s Hospital from January 2020 to January 2022 were selected and divided into the observation group and the control group according to the random number table method. The patients in both groups underwent cone-beam CT localization examination. The control group used the palatal approach or the labial approach to remove the bone with the turbo contra-angle handpiece (depending on whether the supernumerary teeth were located in the palatal or labial side adjacent to the incisor as a whole), and the observation group used the nasal approach to remove the bone with the turbo contra-angle handpiece. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), occlusal force, masticatory efficiency and complications were compared between the two groups.Results:The operation time in the observation group [palatal side (21.57±3.31)min; labial side (22.82±3.53)min] was shorter than that in the control group [palatal side (36.44±6.39)min; labial side (39.25±6.78)min] ( P<0.05), and the intraoperative blood loss [palatal (14.37±2.42)ml; labial (15.64±2.67)ml] was less than that in the control group [palatal side (19.56±3.18)ml; labial side (21.89±3.55)ml] ( P<0.05). The postoperative VAS score of the observation group [palatal (2.87±0.42)points; labial (3.14±0.49)points] was lower than that of the control group [palatal side (4.75±0.67)points; labial side (5.06±0.83)points] (all P<0.05). After operation, the occlusal force and masticatory efficiency in the two groups were higher than those before the operation (all P<0.05), and the occlusal force [palatal (148.49±22.35)Ibs; labial (144.92±21.68)Ibs] and masticatory efficiency [palatal side (92.66±16.22)%; labial side (90.83±15.94)%] of the observation group were higher than those of the control group [occlusal force: palatal (121.27±19.81)Ibs, labial (118.74±18.85)Ibs; masticatory efficiency: palatal (83.47±13.76)%, labial (79.79±13.02)%] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Cone-beam CT localization combined with turbo contra-angle handpiece osteotomy via nasal floor approach can shorten the operation time, reduce the amount of blood loss and postoperative pain, improve the comfort, and be safe and reliable for patients with maxillary mid-high impacted supernumerary teeth.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 458-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935170

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT>1 year) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes who were event-free at 1 year after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) in a large and contemporary PCI registry. Methods: A total of 1 661 eligible patients were selected from the Fuwai PCI Registry, of which 1 193 received DAPT>1 year and 468 received DAPT ≤1 year. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2, 3 or 5 bleeding, MACCE was defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction or stroke. Multivariate Cox regression analysis and inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) Cox regression analysis were performed. Results: After a median follow-up of 2.5 years, patients who received DAPT>1 year were associated with lower risks of MACCE (1.4% vs. 3.2%; hazard ratio (HR) 0.412, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.205-0.827) compared with DAPT ≤1 year, which was primarily caused by the lower all-cause mortality (0.1% vs. 2.6%; HR 0.031, 95%CI 0.004-0.236). Risks of cardiac death (0.1% vs. 1.5%; HR 0.051, 95%CI 0.006-0.416) and definite/probable ST (0.3% vs. 1.1%; HR 0.218, 95%CI 0.052-0.917) were also lower in patients received DAPT>1 year than those received DAPT ≤ 1 year. No difference was found between the two groups in terms of BARC type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding (5.3% vs. 4.1%; HR 1.088, 95%CI 0.650-1.821). Conclusions: In patients with stable CAD and diabetes who were event-free at 1 year after PCI with DES, prolonged DAPT (>1 year) provides a substantial reduction in ischemic cardiovascular events, including MACCE, all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality, and definite/probable ST, without increasing the clinically relevant bleeding risk compared with ≤ 1-year DAPT. Further well-designed, large-scale randomized trials are needed to verify the beneficial effect of prolonged DAPT in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Eluting Stents , Hemorrhage , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Risk Assessment , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 283-287, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the application effect of the multi-disciplinary team (MDT) process and program supported by WeChat group in the perioperative period of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) .Methods:A total of 80 SHPT patients who were hospitalized in Hunan Provincial People’s Hospital and Qidong County People’s Hospital from Jul. 2017 to Oct. 2019 were selected and divided into MDT group (40 cases) and control group (40 cases) according to the principle of complete randomization. In MDT group, there were 21 females and 19 males, aged (48.80±9.08) years old, ranging from 26 to 74 years; in the control group, there were 23 females and 17 males, aged (47.90±8.89) years old, ranging from 24 to 74 years. The control group were given a conventional treatment plan, and the MDT group were implemented with the WeChat MDT process on this basis. The perioperative preparation time, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative extubation time, and continuous full parathyroid were compared between the two groups. The levels of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and blood calcium and phosphorus were compared with the postoperative complications and patient satisfaction in the two groups. The data in this study were analyzed using SPSS 23.0 statistical software.Results:The preoperative preparation time (4.35±1.12) d, operation time (130.00±32.58) min, intraoperative blood loss (15.75±7.89) ml, and postoperative extubation time (3.80±0.82) d in the MDT group were significantly lower than the preoperative preparation time of the control group (6.86±1.85) d, operation time (162.57±41.65) min, intraoperative blood loss (60.75±11.5) ml, postoperative extubation time (5.97±1.25) d ( P<0.05) 1 week after operation, the iPTH (20.86±1.52) pg/ml and blood calcium level (2.23±0.24) mmol/L of the MDT group were significantly lower than those of the control group (103.47±8.27) pg/ml and blood calcium level (2.87±0.21) mmol/L ( P<0.05) , meanwhile the blood phosphorus level of the MDT group (1.52±0.56) mmol/L was significantly higher than the blood phosphorus level of the control group (1.18±0.25) mmol/L ( P<0.05) . The number of complications in the MDT group (20 cases) was significantly lower than the number of complications in the control group (48 cases) ( P<0.05) ; and the satisfaction of treatment in the MDT group (100.00%) was significantly better than that of the control group (80.00%) ( P<0.05) . Conclusion:The WeChat MDT diagnosis and treatment process and treatment plan are safe and effective, which can effectively shorten the operation time, reduce the operation risk, reduce postoperative complications, and increase patient satisfaction. It can be further promoted in the clinic.

6.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 418-426, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900112

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: A role of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is not wellunderstood. This study evaluates the effectiveness of DWI in the diagnosis of CVT. @*Methods@#: Literature search was conducted in electronic databases for the identification of studies which reported the outcomes of patients subjected to DWI for CVT diagnosis. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed to achieve overall estimates of important diagnostic efficiency indices including hyperintense signal rate, the sensitivity and specificity of DWI in diagnosing CVT, and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of DWI signal areas and surrounding tissue. @*Results@#: Nineteen studies (443 patients with 856 CVTs; age 40 years [95% confidence interval (CI), 33 to 43]; 28% males [95% CI, 18 to 38]; symptom onset to DWI time 4.6 days [95% CI, 2.3 to 6.9]) were included. Hyperintense signals on DWI were detected in 40% (95% CI, 26 to 55) of the cases. The sensitivity of DWI for detecting CVT was 22% (95% CI, 11 to 34) but specificity was 98% (95% CI, 95 to 100). ADC values were quite heterogenous in DWI signal areas. However, generally the ADC values were lower in DWI signal areas than in surrounding normal areas (mean difference−0.33×10-3 mm2/s [95% CI, −0.44 to −0.23]; p<0.00001). @*Conclusion@#: DWI has a low sensitivity in detecting CVT and thus has a high risk of missing many CVT cases. However, because of its high specificity, it may have supporting and exploratory roles in CVT diagnosis.

7.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 418-426, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892408

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: A role of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is not wellunderstood. This study evaluates the effectiveness of DWI in the diagnosis of CVT. @*Methods@#: Literature search was conducted in electronic databases for the identification of studies which reported the outcomes of patients subjected to DWI for CVT diagnosis. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed to achieve overall estimates of important diagnostic efficiency indices including hyperintense signal rate, the sensitivity and specificity of DWI in diagnosing CVT, and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of DWI signal areas and surrounding tissue. @*Results@#: Nineteen studies (443 patients with 856 CVTs; age 40 years [95% confidence interval (CI), 33 to 43]; 28% males [95% CI, 18 to 38]; symptom onset to DWI time 4.6 days [95% CI, 2.3 to 6.9]) were included. Hyperintense signals on DWI were detected in 40% (95% CI, 26 to 55) of the cases. The sensitivity of DWI for detecting CVT was 22% (95% CI, 11 to 34) but specificity was 98% (95% CI, 95 to 100). ADC values were quite heterogenous in DWI signal areas. However, generally the ADC values were lower in DWI signal areas than in surrounding normal areas (mean difference−0.33×10-3 mm2/s [95% CI, −0.44 to −0.23]; p<0.00001). @*Conclusion@#: DWI has a low sensitivity in detecting CVT and thus has a high risk of missing many CVT cases. However, because of its high specificity, it may have supporting and exploratory roles in CVT diagnosis.

8.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 156-163, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010449

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe the characteristics of the clinical presentation, diagnosis, surgical methods, and outcomes of patients with otogenic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage secondary to congenital inner ear dysplasia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective review was performed of 18 patients with otogenic CSF leakage secondary to inner ear dysplasia who underwent surgery in our group from 2007 to 2017 and had a follow-up of at least 4 months. The average length of follow-up was three years. The characteristics of the clinical presentations of all patients, such as self-reported symptoms, radiographic findings, surgical approaches and methods of repair, position of the leakage during surgery, and postoperative course, including the success rate of surgery, are presented.@*RESULTS@#The patients presented mostly with typical symptoms of meningitis, severe hearing impairment, and CSF otorrhea or rhinorrhea. All 18 patients had at least one previous episode of meningitis accompanied by a severe hearing impairment. The preoperative audiograms of 17 patients showed profound sensorineural hearing loss, and one patient had conductive hearing loss. Twelve patients presented with an initial onset of otorrhea, and two had accompanying rhinorrhea. Six patients complained of rhinorrhea, two of whom were misdiagnosed with CSF rhinorrhea and underwent transnasal endoscopy at another hospital. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) images can reveal developments in the inner ear, such as expansion of a vestibular cyst, unclear structure of the semicircular canal or cochlea, or signs of effusion in the middle ear or mastoid, which strongly suggest the possibility of CSF otorrhea. The children in the study suffered more severe dysplasia than adults. All 18 patients had CSF leakage identified during surgery. The most common defect sites were in the stapes footplates (55.6%), and 38.9% of patients had a leak around the oval window. One patient had a return of CSF otorrhea during the postoperative period, which did not re-occur following a second repair.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CSF otorrhea due to congenital inner ear dysplasia is more severe in children than in adults. The most common symptoms were meningitis, hearing impairment, and CSF otorrhea or rhinorrhea. HRCT has high diagnostic accuracy for this disease. The most common fistula site was around the oval window, including the stapes footplates and the annular ligament.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cerebrospinal Fluid Otorrhea/therapy , Ear, Inner/abnormalities , Retrospective Studies
9.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 171-176, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972494

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the frequency of anti-HCV antibody positivity in patients with non-liver disease complaints, to explore whether anti-HCV positive patients had been properly advised and visited hepatologists for further assessments, and to investigate their clinical characteristics as well as the HCV treatment status. Methods: A hospital based survey of non-liver disease patients with anti-HCV positive and their attending physicians was conducted to determine: 1. were the patients adequately advised of the implication of anti-HCV positive finding; 2. to what extent the patients were aware of potential chronic liver disease associated with HCV infection and whether they sought for further assessments and care of hepatologists. Results: A total of 295 294 non-liver disease patients were tested for anti-HCV antibody, and 2 778 of them were found to be positive (0.94%). However, only 45.10% (1 253/2 778) of the anti-HCV antibody (+) patients were referred to hepatologists and received HCV RNA test. In addition, 34.10% (312/915) and 1.42% (13/915) of them had already advanced to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), respectively. Further analysis showed that the patients who declined antiviral therapy were older, with lower education and lower income, possessed poorer knowledge on the risk of chronic hepatitis C, and had more severe liver diseases. Surprisingly, 65% of the surveyed physicians did not know the genotype-guided treatment duration suggested by the guidelines. Alarmingly, 22% of the surveyed physicians did not know the standard assays for the diagnosis of HCV infection. Conclusions: Our findings highlight the challenge and hidden enormous burden of chronic HCV infection among patients with non-liver disease complaints in China.

10.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 171-176, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the frequency of anti-HCV antibody positivity in patients with non-liver disease complaints, to explore whether anti-HCV positive patients had been properly advised and visited hepatologists for further assessments, and to investigate their clinical characteristics as well as the HCV treatment status.Methods:A hospital based survey of non-liver disease patients with anti-HCV positive and their attending physicians was conducted to determine: 1. were the patients adequately advised of the implication of anti-HCV positive finding; 2. to what extent the patients were aware of potential chronic liver disease associated with HCV infection and whether they sought for further assessments and care of hepatologists.Results:A total of 295 294 non-liver disease patients were tested for anti-HCV antibody, and 2 778 of them were found to be positive (0.94%). However, only 45.10% (1 253/2 778) of the anti-HCV antibody (+) patients were referred to hepatologists and received HCV RNA test. In addition, 34.10% (312/915) and 1.42% (13/915) of them had already advanced to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), respectively. Further analysis showed that the patients who declined antiviral therapy were older, with lower education and lower income, possessed poorer knowledge on the risk of chronic hepatitis C, and had more severe liver diseases. Surprisingly, 65% of the surveyed physicians did not know the genotype-guided treatment duration suggested by the guidelines. Alarmingly, 22% of the surveyed physicians did not know the standard assays for the diagnosis of HCV infection.Conclusions:Our findings highlight the challenge and hidden enormous burden of chronic HCV infection among patients with non-liver disease complaints in China.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1707-1712, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698601

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The spine structural unit of the cervical spine is a common site of degeneration and trauma. Establishing a good cervical spine model is of great practical significance for studying the biomechanical changes of cervical vertebrae under various conditions, preventing and treating cervical injuries, and improving the treatment methods of neck and effects. OBJECTIVE: To establish a three-dimension finite element model of the whole cervical spine (C0-T1) in normal human and provide a good experimental application basis for further biomechanical research. METHODS: A healthy adult volunteer was selected as the object for data collection. The original data obtained by 256-row CT thin layer scanning, which then has been extracted and edited by software to implement reverse reconstruction. The three-dimensional finite element model of whole cervical spine (C0-T1) was established by the numerical simulation. The range of motion at various directions and mechanical characteristics were verified. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The model had 208 631 nodes and 660 876 solid elements. The range of motion in all directions was good. In addition to the larger C0-C1mobility, all the rest of the segmental motions were consistent with previous literatures. The geometric and biomechanics characters of three-dimensional finite element model of the whole cervical spine (C0-T1) were highly similar to the intact one. The validation of the model was positive.

12.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 450-455, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698401

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The X-ray 9-point grading system is established based on cervical disc degeneration and its suitability for evaluation of lumbar disc degeneration has not been validated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of the evaluation of lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration using the 9-point grading system with X-ray, and to explore its clinical application value. METHODS: The correlation between 9-point grading system and Pfirrmann system was statistically analyzed. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and X-ray images of 172 cases with lumbar disc degeneration or simple lumbago, who were treated in the Shanghai Changzheng Hospital from June 2013 to June 2016, were retrospectively analyzed. The MRI scores of lumbar disc degeneration were evaluated according to Pfirrmann standard, and the X-ray scores were evaluated according to 9-point grading system. The two groups of scores were respectively analyzed by the correlation and regression tests via Spearman rank sum test with SPSS software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) MRI scores (the independent variable X): 2 cases scored 1; 8 cases scored 2; 55 cases scored 3; 84 cases scored 4; 23 cases scored 5. X-ray scores (the dependent variable Y): 2 cases scored 0; 6 cases scored 1; 21 cases scored 2; 43 cases scored 3; 40 cases scored 4; 26 cases scored 5; 16 cases scored 6; 8 cases scored 7; 7 cases scored 8; 3 cases scored 9. (2) The Spearman correlation test showed that significant positive correlation was found between Pfirrmann system and 9-point grading system (P <0.01). Significance test of correlation coefficient proved that there was significant linear correlation between Pfirrmann system and 9-point grading system. Further regression analysis showed the linear regression between Pfirrmann system and 9-point grading system. (3) These findings suggested that Pfirrmann system and X-ray 9-point grading system had a good consistency in evaluating lumbar disc degeneration. As a scientific, fast and effective evaluation method, the X-ray 9-point grading system has a certain reference value in the diagnoses of lumbar degenerative diseases.

13.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 759-763, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693980

ABSTRACT

Objective To induce embryonic stem cells (ESCs) to differentiate into the renal cells in vitro and to spontaneously form the kidney-like structures including glomerular, proximal tubules, distal tubules and vascular network. Methods ESCs were cultured to 40%-50% of confluence. Under the action of cytokine FGF9 and CHIR99021,the differentiation of ESCs was induced to form a kidney-like structure, which was examined by im-munofluorescence staining and electron microscopy to observe its internal structures and take photo-images. Results Through the action of cytokine FGF9 and CHIR99021, ESCs can be induced to differentiate into renal like struc-tures containing glomerular, proximal tubules, distal tubules and vascular network, which were confirmed by the structural identification. Conclusions The kidney-like structure generated by the differentiation of ESCs contains complete renal units and vascular network,which is similar to the normal kidney.

14.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 158-162, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690359

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the altered brainstem volume in patients with medication-overuse headache(MOH). Methods The high-resolution structural images were obtained from 36 MOH patients and 32 normal controls(NC).The brainstem was segmented into midbrain,pons,and medulla,whose volume were measured respectively.Results There was a significantly smaller midbrain volume in MOH patients [(5.80±0.53) ml] than that in NC [(6.14±0.67)ml](t=2.36,P=0.02).The volumes of pons,medulla,and whole brainstem showed no significant difference in MOH patients [(13.13±1.42)ml,(4.55±0.51)ml,and(23.48±2.23)ml,respectively] compared with those in NC [(13.67±1.61) ml,(4.66±0.44) ml,and(24.47±2.56) ml,respectively](t=1.47,P=0.15;t=0.93,P=0.35;and t=1.71,P=0.09,respectively).Conclusion A smaller midbrain volume may be one of the specific features of pain pathway in MOH,and the automated brainstem subfield segmentation and volumetry may be useful tools for evaluating brainstem alternation in MOH patients.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2158-2163, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690250

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Histopathology identified the anatomical and molecular abnormalities of brainstem nuclei in migraine patients. However, the exact whole brainstem structural changes in vivo have not yet been identified in medication-overuse headache (MOH) transformed from migraine. The aim of this study was to investigate the regional volume changes over the whole brainstem in the MOH patients using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) in vivo.</p><p><b>Methods</b>High-resolution three-dimensional structural images were obtained using a 3.0-Tesla magnetic resonance system from 36 MOH patients and 32 normal controls (NCs) who were consecutively recruited from the International Headache Center, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, from March 2013 to June 2016. VBM was used to assess the brainstem structural alteration in the MOH patients, and voxel-wise correlation was performed to evaluate the relationship with the clinical characteristics.</p><p><b>Results</b>The brainstem region with increased volume located in the left ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (MNI coordinate: -1, -33, -8), ventral tegmental area (MNI coordinate: 0, -22, -12), bilateral substantia nigra (MNI coordinate: -8, -16, -12, 9, -16, -12), and trigeminal root entry zone (MNI coordinate: -19, -29, -31; 19, -32, -29) in MOH patients compared with NCs. The headache visual analog scale score was positively related with the left rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) (MNI coordinate: -1, -37, -56; cluster size: 20; r = 0.602) in the MOH patients.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>The regional volume gain of brainstem could underlie the neuromechanism of impaired ascending and descending pathway in the MOH patients, and the left RVM volume alteration could imply the impaired tolerance of nociceptive pain input and could be used to assess the headache disability in the MOH patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Brain Stem , Pathology , Headache , Headache Disorders, Secondary , Pathology , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Migraine Disorders , Pathology
16.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 840-843, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690080

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of end time of night feeding on body height, body weight, nutritional status, and prevalence rate of dental caries in children at the age of 30 months.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 416 children who were born from January 2014 to September 2015 and had completed a physical examination as required were enrolled. During the physical examination performed at the age of 30 months, the comprehensive child care record and a self-made questionnaire were used. The children who continued to receive night feeding after the age of 6 months were enrolled as study group (n=269), and those for whom night feeding was ended at the age of 6 months were enrolled as control group (n=147). The two groups were compared in terms of body height, body weight, incidence rate of overweight/obesity, and prevalence rate of dental caries at the age of 30 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the study group had a significantly lower body height (92.4±3.0 cm vs 93.3±2.8 cm; P<0.05), a significantly higher incidence rate of overweight/obesity (23.8% vs 12.2%; P<0.05), and a significantly higher prevalence rate of dental caries (14.9% vs 7.5%; P<0.05) at the age of 30 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Night feeding continued after the age of 6 months can affect the growth and development of infants/toddlers, cause overnutrition, and increase the prevalence rate of dental caries.</p>

17.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 188-193, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687932

ABSTRACT

We performed contrast-enhanced T2 fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (T2-FLAIR) and dynamic contrast enhanced MRI to illustrate the imaging characteristics of one case of hemangioblastoma. T2-FLAIR showed a large cyst located in the right cerebellum with mural nodule. The intensely enhancing cyst wall was observed on enhanced T2-FLAIR images acquired from 5.6 to 23 minutes after contrast administration, and quantitative dynamic contrast enhanced-MRI demonstrated that both the cyst wall and mural nodule presented high Ktrans, Kep and Ve values compared with the contralateral normal cerebellar tissues. The cyst showed gradual enhancement and reached the highest signal intensity at 67 minutes after contrast administration on enhanced T2-FLAIR images. In conclusion, early enhancement of cyst wall on T2-FLAIR might be the characteristic imaging findings for cystic hemangioblastoma, which may assist in the diagnosis of hemangioblastoma preoperatively.

18.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 167-173, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737320

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the middle ear damage caused by high pressure.Methods The finite element model of human middle ear was established based on CT scanning,and the change of stress,strain and displacement of the tympanic membrane and stapes footplate was analyzed when the model was applied with timevarying pressure.Results The satisfactory agreement between the computational results and the corresponding experimental data in the literature could indicate the validity of the model.High pressure would cause damage to middle ear,and the damage would be aggravated with the pressure increasing.Rapid pressurization could make severely damage to middle ear,but have minor effect on inner ear.Slow pressurization could also lead to middle ear damage,but inner ear might be damaged before the injury to middle ear.Conclusions High pressure can easily lead to the ear damage;therefore,the pressurized rate should be controlled strictly to protect the hearing during pressurization.

19.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 167-173, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735852

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the middle ear damage caused by high pressure.Methods The finite element model of human middle ear was established based on CT scanning,and the change of stress,strain and displacement of the tympanic membrane and stapes footplate was analyzed when the model was applied with timevarying pressure.Results The satisfactory agreement between the computational results and the corresponding experimental data in the literature could indicate the validity of the model.High pressure would cause damage to middle ear,and the damage would be aggravated with the pressure increasing.Rapid pressurization could make severely damage to middle ear,but have minor effect on inner ear.Slow pressurization could also lead to middle ear damage,but inner ear might be damaged before the injury to middle ear.Conclusions High pressure can easily lead to the ear damage;therefore,the pressurized rate should be controlled strictly to protect the hearing during pressurization.

20.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E167-E173, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803858

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the middle ear damage caused by high pressure. Methods The finite element model of human middle ear was established based on CT scanning, and the change of stress, strain and displacement of the tympanic membrane and the stapes footplate was analyzed when the model was applied with time-varying pressure. Results The satisfactory agreement between the computational results and the corresponding experimental data in the literature indicated the validity of the model. High pressure would cause damage to the middle ear, and the damage would increase with the pressure increasing. Rapid pressurization could severely damage the middle ear, but with a small effect on the inner ear. Slow pressurization could also lead to the middle ear damage, but the inner ear might be damaged before the damage to the middle ear. Conclusions High pressure can easily lead to the ear damage; therefore, the pressurized rate should be controlled strictly during pressurization in order to protect the hearing.

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