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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 426-429, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313152

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of socioeconomic status on the distribution of cardiovascular risk factors and clinicaltreatments of patients with acute myocardial infarction in Beijing.Methods In Beijing, a prospective, muhi-center, registration study was carried out which including 800 patients who were consecutively hospitalized for ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction within 24 hours after event attack in 19 different hospitals in Beijing between November, 2005 and December, 2006.Indicators of socioeconomic status included self-reported personal income (<500, 500-2000,>2000 RMB/month), educational attainment (≤ 12 and > 12 years) and status of medical insurance (yes/no).According to categories of education, patients were categorized into two groups of lower socioeconomic status and higher socioeconomic status. Differences of cardiovascular risk factors and clinical treatments were compared across the two groups respectively. Results Proportion of diabetes and hyperlipidemia in patients with higher socioeconomic status was much higher than that of patients with lower socioeconomic status (P<0.05, P<0.01 respectively). Patients with lower socioeconomic status were more likely to be smokers (P <0.05). The rates of receiving coronary angiography and PTCA were much lower in patients with lower socioeconomic status. Medical insurance and income were the most important two socioeconomic factors determining the use of PTCA. Conclusion Compared to patients with lowersocioeconomic status,patients with higher socioeconomic status had higher rates of hyperlipidemia and diabetes but lower smoking rate among cardiovascular risk factors. The rates of receiving interventional therapies were much lower in patients with lower socioeconomic status.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261656

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the HIV related high-risk behaviors and associated factors on the spread of HIV among men having sex with men(MSM) who lived in mainland China and to provide evidence for developing related policies and intervention measures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Questionnaires were distributed at gay bars and volunteer activity venues in six big cities of China. Data on 1389 valid cases was collected and urine HIV screening test was provided. Data was analyzed with SPSS 11.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The respondents were 27.62 year olds on average with an average age for first intercourse at 19.18. The most commonly available way of finding a sex partner was through internet(43.07%), followed by gay bar and public bathrooms(35.29 % ). 6 months prior to the study, the average number of their male sex partners was 5.69 including 4.37 unfamiliar sex partners and the average number of anal-intercourse was 4.33 with 11.61 per cent of them had experienced group sex. 13 cases of them showed positive results for preliminary urine HIV screening test. In the prior 6 months, 32.46 per cent of those who had experienced intercourse using condom every time while 76.37 per cent of them during the last sex episode. In the previous 6 months, 47.18 per cent of those who had experienced intercourse with women never used condoms.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HIV high-risk behaviors are ubiquitous among MSM and AIDS intervention measures should be significantly strengthened in reaching MSM via a wide variety of conduits, especially internet. Meanwhile, a gay-friendly environment for prevention and control of AIDS is vital.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , China , HIV Infections , Epidemiology , Psychology , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Sexual Partners , Psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Unsafe Sex , Psychology , Young Adult
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