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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) during the pathogenesis of periodontitis by bioinformatics analysis.@*METHODS@#GEO2R was used to screen DEGs in GSE10334 and GSE16134. Then, the overlapped DEGs were used for further analysis. g:Profiler was used to perform Gene Ontology analysis and pathway analysis for upregulated and downregulated DEGs. The STRING database was used to construct the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, which was further visua-lized and analyzed by Cytoscape software. Hub genes and key modules were identified by cytoHubba and MCODE plug-ins, respectively. Finally, transcription factors were predicted via iRegulon plug-in.@*RESULTS@#A total of 196 DEGs were identified, including 139 upregulated and 57 downregulated DEGs. Functional enrichment analysis showed that the upregulated DEGs were mainly enriched in immune-related pathways including immune system, viral protein interaction with cytokine and cytokine receptor, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, leukocyte transendothelial migration, and chemokine receptors bind chemokines. On the contrary, the downregulated DEGs were mainly related to the formation of the cornified envelope and keratinization. The identified hub genes in the PPI network were CXCL8, CXCL1, CXCR4, SEL, CD19, and IKZF1. The top three modules were involved in chemokine response, B cell receptor signaling pathway, and interleukin response, respectively. iRegulon analysis revealed that IRF4 scored the highest.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The pathogenesis of periodontitis was closely associated with the expression levels of the identified hub genes including CXCL8, CXCL1, CXCR4, SELL, CD19, and IKZF1. IRF4, the predicted transcription factor, might serve as a dominant upstream regulator.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Microarray Analysis , Periodontitis , Protein Interaction Maps
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The effects of different tube currents and voltages on image quality and radiation dose were studied to provide a theoretical basis for low-dose cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scanning in children.@*METHODS@#Different tube currents and voltages were used to scan the incisor area of fresh Bama pig heads by CBCT. The radiation dose was recorded, and image quality was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#As the tube current or voltage decreased, the radiation dose and image quality gradually decreased. The computed tomographic dose index (CTDIvol) of 90 kV, 2.5 mA and 60 kV, 7.0 mA were all 1.7 mGy. The image quality score of the former was higher than that of the latter, and the difference between them was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low-dose CBCT scanning appears to be able to reduce the necessary tube current during imaging by improving image quality.


Subject(s)
Animals , Child , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Feasibility Studies , Head , Humans , Radiation Dosage , Swine
3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 601-605, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274503

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-position-emission tomography-computer tomography imaging ((18)F-FDG-PET-CT) on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma(HNSCCA) and lymph node metastasis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>(18)F-FDG-PET-CT imaging of 20 patients with HNSCCA was evaluated retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the primary tumors were correctly diagnosed by (18)F-PET-CT imaging and SUV(avg) of the primary tumors was (6.22 +/- 2.20). All the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and the negative predictive value were 100%. In detecting lymph node metastasis, the sensitivity was 51%, specificity 97.7%, false positive rate 2.3%, false negative rate 49%, positive predictive value 82%, and negative predictive value 91.2%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>(18)F-FDG-PET-CT imaging was valuable in detecting HNSCCA and lymph node metastasis. SUV was helpful for differential diagnosis between benign or malignant tumors but it needs further study to determine the cutoff SUV for differentiating lymph node metastasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Female , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Positron-Emission Tomography , Methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 596-598, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293038

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the molecular genetic etiology of a Chinese pedigree with basal cell nevus syndrome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The proband and his affected mother and a unaffected individual in the pedigree were chosen and peripheral blood was collected from them for DNA. Direct sequencing was performed to detect the mutations of PTCH gene. In order to further confirm the results of sequence analysis, all available family members were analyzed with genetic linkage analysis using 3 highly polymorphic microsatellite DNA markers in the region of 9q22.3-q31.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No mutations of PTCH gene was detected in the proband's mother, one synonymous mutation was detected in the proband. Linkage analysis showed that the Lod scores of the 3 markers were: D9S283, Z = -2.11 (theta = 0.00); D9S1690, Z = -2.95 (theta = 0.00); D9S1677, Z = -5.94 (theta = 0.00).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In this pedigree, mutation of PTCH gene is not related to the underlying pathogenesis of the syndrome.</p>


Subject(s)
Asians , Genetics , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome , Genetics , Female , Genetic Linkage , Humans , Male , Mutation , Patched Receptors , Patched-1 Receptor , Pedigree , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genetics
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