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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the radiotherapy-related factors affecting the survival of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients complicated with malignant pleural effusion (MPE)(MPE-NSCLC).Methods:From 2007 to 2019, 256 patients pathologically diagnosed with MPE-NSCLC received primary treatment. Among them, 117 cases were enrolled in this study. All patients were divided into two groups according to the radiation dose (<63 Gy and≥63 Gy). Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to further adjust the confounding factors (Calipers value=0.1). The impact of radiotherapy-related factors on the overall survival (OS) was analyzed by Kaplan—Meier method, log-rank test and Cox’s regression model. Results:Primary tumor radiotherapy significantly prolonged the OS ( P<0.001). The radiation dose escalation (36.0-44.1 Gy, 45.0-62.1 Gy, 63.0-71.1 Gy) of primary tumor significantly prolonged the OS ( P<0.001). The corresponding median OS were 5, 13 and 18 months, respectively. Before the PSM, univariate analysis suggested that radiation dose ≥63 Gy, gross tumor volume (GTV)<157.7 cm 3 and stations of metastatic lymph node (S-mlN)≤5 were significantly associated with better OS (all P<0.05) and T 4N 3 was significantly associated with worse OS ( P=0.018). After the PSM, univariate analysis indicated that radiation dose ≥63 Gy was significantly associated with better OS ( P=0.013) and S-mlN ≤5 had a tendency to prolong the OS ( P=0.098). Prior to the PSM, multivariate analysis showed that radiation dose ≥63 Gy was an independent favorable factor of OS ( HR=0.566, 95% CI 0.368-0.871, P=0.010) and GTV<157.7 cm 3 had a tendency to prolong the OS ( HR=0.679, 95% CI 0.450-1.024, P=0.065). After the PSM, multivariate analysis revealed that radiation dose ≥63 Gy was still an independent favorable factor of OS ( HR=0.547, 95% CI 0.333~0.899, P=0.017). No ≥grade 4 radiation toxicity occurred. The incidence rates of grade 3 radiation esophagitis and pneumonitis were 9.4% and 5.1%, respectively. Conclusion:For MPE-NSCLC, radiotherapy dose of primary tumor may play a key role in improving OS on the basis of controllable MPE.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression changes at the transcriptional level in normal lung tissues of mice after exposure to heavy ion radiation for different durations at different doses, aiming to provide evidence for exploring sensitive genes of heavy ion radiation, heavy ion radiation effect and the damage mechanism.Methods:Experiments on the temporal kinetics: the whole thorax of mice was irradiated with 14.5Gy carbon-ions and the total RNA of lung tissue was extracted at 3days, 7days, 3 weeks and 24 weeks. In dose-dependent experiment, the total RNA of lung tissue was extracted at 1 week after irradiated with a growing thoracic dose of 0, 7.5, 10.5, 12.5, 14.5, 17.5 and 20Gy. Protein-to-protein interaction (PPI) analysis and gene-ontology biological process enrichment analysis were performed on significant differentially expressed genes (DEGs).Results:A clearly differential expression patterns were observed at 3-day (acute stage), 1-week (subacute stage), 3-week (inflammatory stage) and 24-week (fibrosis stage) following 14.5Gy carbon-ions irradiation. Among those, the 3-day time point was found to be the mostly different from the other time points, whereas the 7-day time point had the highest uniformity with the other time points. Cellular apoptosis was the main type of cell death in normal lung tissues following carbon-ions exposure. The interactive genes of Phlda3, GDF15, Mgmt and Bax were identified as the radiosensitive genes, and Phlda3 was the center ( R=0.76, P<0.001). Conclusion:The findings in this study provide transcriptional insights into the biological mechanism underlying normal lung tissue toxicity induced by carbon-ions.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910441

ABSTRACT

The prognosis of patients with brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is poor. Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) significantly improves the prognosis of patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) sensitive mutation. EGFR sensitive mutations are associated with the incidence of brain metastases in NSCLC and may affect the efficacy of radiotherapy and TKI therapy. Both EGFR-TKI and radiotherapy are effective for EGFR-mutant NSCLC with brain metastases. Whether the combination of EGFR-TKI and radiotherapy may improve the prognosis compared with EGFR-TKI or radiotherapy alone has been studied. Retrospective studies have indicated that upfront radiotherapy, especially upfront stereotaxic radiosurgery combined with EGFR-TKI may be more advantageous in improving the prognosis, but it is still controversial. Therefore, clinical research progresses on the radiotherapy for EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with brain metastases were reviewed.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the establishment of radiation-induced heart damage (RIDH) SD rat models caused by irradiation of 15Gy/3f and the changes in early detection indicators, and evaluate the effect of irradiation combined with recombinant human endostatin (Endostar).Methods:75 adult male SD rats were randomly divided into the blank control group (C group), Endostar group (E group), 25Gy irradiation group (MHD 25 group), 15Gy irradiation group (MHD 15 group) and 15Gy irradiation combined with Endostar group (MHD 15+ E group), respectively. Blood sample was taken to measure the CK, CK-MB, LDH and CRP at 24h, 48h and 15d after corresponding interventions. After cardiac echocardiography at 1, 3 and 6 months, 5 rats in each group were randomly sacrificed and myocardial tissues were collected for HE and Masson staining. Two-way ANOVA was employed for statistical analysis. Results:Compared with group C, myocardial fibrosis were observed in the MHD 15 group at 6 months ( P<0.05), which occurred later than that in the MHD 25 group. Ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) were significantly decreased after 3 months in each irradiation group (all P<0.05), whereas the degree of decrease was similar among all groups (all P>0.05). The expression levels of myocardial enzymes and inflammatory cytokines did not significantly differ among different groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:In the early stage, exposure to 15Gy/3f irradiation can cause cardiac function damage in SD rat hearts, such as the reduction of EF and FS, and even lead to myocardial fibrosis in the late stage, which is delayed and less severe than high-dose irradiation. Irradiation combined with Endostar has no significant effect on radiation myocardial injury in rats.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of CD 8+ T cells in stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients before and after radiochemotherapy and evaluate its clinical value in predicting survival. Methods:A total of 795 patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ NSCLC who completed CD 8+ T cell testing from January 2011 to December 2017 were recruited (249 patients completed 1-3 tests within 6 months after treatment). The survival difference of patients with different levels of CD 8+ T cells and the prognostic value of the changes in the CD 8+ T cell level were analyzed. The survival analysis was performed by Kaplan- Meier method and log-rank test or univariate analysis. The multivariate survival analysis was conducted by Cox’s regression model. Results:Before treatment, the levels of CD 8+ T cells in the peripheral blood did not significantly differ among patients with different clinical factors. The survival time of stage Ⅲ NSCLC patients with CD 8+ T cell levels of<26.44% was significantly prolonged ( P=0.043). After treatment, the levels of CD 8+ T cells were significantly higher than those before treatment. The levels were similar within 1-3 months, decreased after 4-6 months but still significantly higher than those before treatment. The median survival time of patients with CD 8+ cell levels of<43.90% after treatment was 22 months, significantly longer than 16 months of those with CD 8+ cell levels of ≥43.90%( P=0.032). Stratified analysis demonstrated no significant difference in the survival time at 1 month and 2-3 months after treatment ( P>0.05), whereas the survival time significantly differed at 4-6 months ( P=0.001). The multivariate survival analysis showed that CD 8+ cell levels of<43.90% after treatment was an independent prognostic factor ( HR=0.714, P=0.031). Conclusions:The effect of CD 8+ T cells on prognosis of patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ NSCLC is limited. After treatment, CD 8+ T cell levels are increased significantly. A certain increase in the CD 8+ T cell levels can prolong the survival time. The detection of CD 8+ T cell subtypes plays a more significant role.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868687

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possibility of CD 4+ T cells and CD 4+ /CD 8+ ratio in peripheral blood to predict the survival of patients with stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and to establish a Nomogram prediction model. Methods:The influence of CD 4+ T cells and CD 4+ /CD 8+ ratio on the clinical factors and survival of 682 patients pathologically diagnosed with stage Ⅳ NSCLC with no history of cancer treatment was retrospectively analyzed and the Nomogram prediction model was established. Combined with the changes of immune cells levels in 110 patients after treatment, the prognostic and predictive values of CD 4+ T cells and CD 4+ /CD 8+ ratio were verified. Countable data were analyzed by t-test. The survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test or univariate analysis. The multivariate analysis was performed by Cox regression model. Results:Univariate analysis demonstrated that CD 4+ > 43.15% before treatment significantly prolonged the survival. By multivariate analysis of Cox regression model, CD 4+ >43.15% was an independent prognostic factor to prolong survival for stage Ⅳ NSCLC. The Nomogram model was established and verified that the predicted and actual overall survivals were highly consistent. Further analysis showed that 43.15% as the critical value of CD 4+ T cell level significantly prolonged survival when CD 4+ expressed at a high-level before treatment, after treatment, before and after treatment, or combined with CD 4+ /CD 8+ >1.65. Conclusions:The baseline level of CD 4+ T cells before treatment in peripheral blood is an independent prognostic factor for stage Ⅳ NSCLC. The CD 4+ /CD 8+ ratio before treatment has limited value in predicting the prognosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the primary tumor volume change and timing of radiotherapy for patients with stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutation during molecular targeted therapy.Methods:Simulated CT scanning measurement and analysis were performed to observe the volume changes of primary tumors before and after treatment with a time interval of 10 days in this prospective study. Positioning and volume measurement were terminated when the volume change was 5% or less between two time points before and after treatment or 90 days after treatment. Primary tumor radiation therapy was then performed, acute radiation-induced injury was recorded, and the implementation and simulation of related parameters of radiotherapy plans were compared.Results:Twenty-nine of 30 cases were included in the analysis (1 case dropped off). After EGFR-TKIs treatment, the volume of all primary tumors was decreased, but the shrinking rate was inconsistent with the speed. Until the last simulated CT scanning, the maximum and minimum shrinking rates were 90% and 28%, respectively. There was no case of termination within 30 days of treatment, and the average tumor volume was significantly decreased within 40 days and the average tumor volume significantly differed every 10 days ( P<0.001). After 40 days, the volume shrinking rate of primary tumors ≤5% gradually appeared, and one patient presented with a volume shrinking rate of >5% on 90 days. During this time, the average volume shrinking rate slowed down and became stable, ranging from 49.15% to 54.77%. Moreover, the average volume continued to gradually shrink after slight increase at 70 days. There was no significant difference in the average volume every 10 days ( P>0.05). After the termination of simulated CT scanning, the dose of primary tumor was (69±7) Gy for patients receiving radiotherapy. Two patients had grade 2 acute radiation-induced pneumonitis and 3 patients had grade 3 acute radiation-induced pneumonitis. In addition, 1 patient had grade 2 radiation-induced esophagitis. According to the technology and dose parameters of radiotherapy plan, simulated radiotherapy plans before and 40 days after EGFR-TKIs treatment were designed. The timing of implementation plan was significantly better than that before EGFR-TKIs treatment (all P<0.05), whereas it was similar to that at 40 days after EGFR-TKI treatment ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The primary tumor shrinking rate is gradually slowed down over time after EGFR-TKIs treatment in patients with stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer. The average tumor volume is significantly decreased within 40 days and then the shrinking rate becomes slow. The tumor shrinking rate of each case is inconsistent. Radiotherapy at 40 days after treatment is probably the optimal timing to obtain high dose and control radiation-induced injury.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of three-dimensional radiotherapy for the primary tumors in patients with stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer complicated with malignant pleural effusion (MPE-NSCLC).Methods:A total of 198 patients who were initially pathologically diagnosed with MPE-NSCLC from January 2007 to April 2018 were enrolled and divided into the untreated group ( n=45), drug group ( n=57) and radiotherapy group ( n=96), respectively. The short-term efficacy, overall survival (OS) and adverse events in the drug and radiotherapy groups were analyzed. The OS rate was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Clinical prognosis was evaluated by multivariate Cox′s regression model. Results:In the radiotherapy group, the objective response rate and non-response rate was 54% and 46%, significantly better than 25% and 75% in the drug group ( P=0.007). In the radiotherapy group, the 1-, 2-, 3-, 5-year OS and median survival was 47%, 18%, 6%, 1% and 12 months, remarkably higher than 15%, 3%, 2%, 0% and 5 months in the drug group, respectively (all P<0.001). Multivariate Cox′s regression analysis showed that radiotherapy for the primary tumors was an independent prognostic factor to prolong the OS ( P<0.001). Radiotherapy at a dose of ≥63 Gy and 4-6 cycles of chemotherapy tended to prolong the OS ( P=0.063 and 0.071). The OS of patients with EGFR mutation receiving radiotherapy combined with molecular target therapy was significantly better than that of those with unknown EGFR status treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy ( P=0.007). Addition of radiotherapy for the primary tumors did not significantly increase the incidence of adverse events ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Addition of three-dimensional radiotherapy for the primary tumors in MPE-NSCLC patients may prolong the OS and yield tolerable adverse events.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868593

ABSTRACT

Objective:The experimental animal model was established to unravel the mechanism of radiation-induced myocardial fibrosis and validate the role of recombinant human endostatin in aggravating the process of radiation-induced myocardial fibrosis via the TGF-β 1, Smad 2 and Smad 3 signaling pathways. Methods:Sixty male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following groups: radiotherapy (RT)25 Gy, recombinant human endostatin (RE) 6 mg/kg, RE 12 mg/kg, RT 25 Gy+ RE 6 mg/kg, RT 25 Gy+ RE 12 mg/kg and blank control groups. Five rats were sacrificed in each group at 1 and 3 months after interventions. The myocardial tissues were collected. The pathological changes were observed by Hematoxylin and eosin staining. The degree of fibrosis was assessed by Masson trichrome staining. The expression levels of TGF-β 1, Smad 2, Smad 3 and Collagen-I mRNA and protein were quantitatively measured by real-time PCR and Western blotting. Results:At 3 months after intervention, Masson trichrome staining revealed that the collagen deposition in the RT 25Gy and RT 25Gy+ RE (6 and 12 mg/kg) groups was more significant than that in the control group. In addition, The expression levels of TGF-β 1, Smad 2, Smad 3 and Collagen-I mRNA and protein in these groups were significantly up-regulated compared with those in the control group. Conclusions:Radiation with a total physical dose of 25 Gy can induce myocardial fibrosis in the SD rat models. TGF-β 1 and Smad 2 signaling pathways are the common signaling pathways of myocardial fibrosis induced by radiation combined with recombinant human endostatin.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the effects of recombinant human endostatin (rh-ES) on radiation-induced myocardial fibrosis.Methods:Totally 40 SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, including A group as normal control, B group receiving rh-ES with a dosage of 6 mg·kg -1·d -1, in traperitoneal injection, for 14 consecutive days, C group with local heart irradiation delivered to the precordial region of rats in five fractions with a dose of 25 Gy, D group receiving rh-ES as the same as B group and local heart irradiation as C group. At 1 and 3 months after irradiation, five rats were killed under anesthesia. Mason staining was used to observe myocardial injury and fibrosis. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of TGF-β1, CTGF and COL-I in myocardium. Results:Masson staining showed that no obvious myocardial fibrosis was found in group B at 1 month and 3 months after irradiation, while collagen fibers were distributed in myocardium in groups C and D. One month after irradiation, the result of semi-quantitative analysis showed that the CVF in group A was (5.20 ±0.75)%, which was significantly lower than that in group C (10.12 ±2.17)% ( t=4.74、4.93, P<0.01) and the CVF in group D (10.32 ±1.36), and the CVF of group C was similar to that of group D ( P<0.01). Three months after irradiation, CVF in group C (13.17±2.67)% was still higher than that in group A (5.23 ±1.32)% ( t=4.49, P<0.01), but lower than that in group D (16.92 ±3.58)% ( t=3.19, P<0.05). One month after irradiation, the expression of TGF-β1 in group A was 0.441 ±0.063, lower than that in group C (0.817 ±0.079, t=5.81, P<0.01). Three months after irradiation, the expression of TGF-β1 in group A was 0.501 ±0.110, lower than that in group C (0.832 ±0.150, t=4.19, P<0.01), and the expression of TGF-β1 in group D was 1.403 ±0.133, which was significantly higher than that in group C ( t=7.24, P<0.01). Conclusions:Radiation can cause the formation of myocardial fibrosis, and recombinant human endostatin may aggravate the formation of late radiation fibrosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734315

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of the changes of posttreatment karnofsky performance status (KPSpost) on the overall survival (OS) for patients with stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) underwent concurrent chemoradiation.Methods A total of 279 patients (male 198 and female 81) with histological confirmed stage Ⅳ NSCLC were enrolled in this study with a median age of 58 years old (range 22 to 80 years old).There were 166 cases of squamous carcinoma,87 cases of adenocarcinoma,and 22 cases of unclassified carcinoma,respectively.All enrolled patients received more than 2 cycles of chemotherapy and more than 36 Gy of concurrent radiotherapy.Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were applied to evaluate OS.Multivariate analyses were carried out by the Cox proportionalhazard model.Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to explore the related factors of KPSpost.Results There were 198 patients with improved KPSpost and 81 patients with decreased KPSpost,respectively.Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that the improvement of KPSpost was associated with longer OS.Logistic regression analysis showed that the improvement of KPSpost was positively related with treatment of more than 4-6 cycles chemotherapy concurrent with over 63 Gy radiation to primary tumor.The improvement of KPSpost also correlated positively with disease control rate (DCR),but negatively with PLT toxicity and radiation esophagitis.Conclusions KPSpost was an independent prognostic factor of OS for patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC underwent concurrent chemoradiation.Chemotherapy of 4-6 cycles and concurrent over 63 Gy radiotherapy dose to primary tumor,as well as DCR were positive factors for KPSpost improvement.However,stage 3-4 PLT toxicities and radiation esophagitis decreased the KPSpost.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755093

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of primary tumor volume on the survival in the three-dimensional radiotherapy of primary tumors of stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods Clinical data of 428 patients in a multicenter prospective clinical study from December 2002 to January 2017 were reanalyzed,and 423 of them were subject to survival analyses.Platinum-based doublet chemotherapy was adopted.The median number of chemotherapy cycle was 4,and the critical value of planning target volume (PTV) of primary tumors was 63 Gy.The critical value of gross tumor volume (GTV) of primary tumors was 150 cm3.Results Single factor Cox regression analysis demonstrated that female,KPS score,single organ metastasis,N0-N1 staging,adenocarcinoma,radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy,4-6 cycles of chemotherapy,recent effectiveness,post-treatment progress in taking targeted drugs and GTV< 150 cm3 were good prognostic factors for the patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC (all P<0.05).According to the stratified analysis of different radiotherapy regimes,for the stage Ⅳ NSCLC patients with a GTV ≥ 150 cm3,the survival rate of the primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥ 63 Gy on the basis of systemic chemotherapy was significantly better than that of the primary tumor radiotherapy dose <63 Gy (P<0.05).Conclusions Stage Ⅳ NSCLC patients with GTV ≥ 150 cm3 in 4-6 cycles of chemotherapies combined with primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥ 63 Gy and GTV< 150 cm3 in 1-3 cycles of chemotherapies combined with primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy may prolong the overall survival of patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797679

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of primary tumor volume on the survival in the three-dimensional radiotherapy of primary tumors of stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 428 patients in a multicenter prospective clinical study from December 2002 to January 2017 were reanalyzed, and 423 of them were subject to survival analyses. Platinum-based doublet chemotherapy was adopted. The median number of chemotherapy cycle was 4, and the critical value of planning target volume (PTV) of primary tumors was 63 Gy. The critical value of gross tumor volume (GTV) of primary tumors was 150 cm3.@*Results@#Single factor Cox regression analysis demonstrated that female, KPS score, single organ metastasis, N0-N1 staging, adenocarcinoma, radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy, 4-6 cycles of chemotherapy, recent effectiveness, post-treatment progress in taking targeted drugs and GTV<150 cm3 were good prognostic factors for the patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC (all P<0.05). According to the stratified analysis of different radiotherapy regimes, for the stage Ⅳ NSCLC patients with a GTV ≥150 cm3, the survival rate of the primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy on the basis of systemic chemotherapy was significantly better than that of the primary tumor radiotherapy dose <63 Gy (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Stage Ⅳ NSCLC patients with GTV≥150 cm3 in 4-6 cycles of chemotherapies combined with primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy and GTV<150 cm3 in 1-3 cycles of chemotherapies combined with primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy may prolong the overall survival of patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745293

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the survival and toxicity after concurrent chemoradiotherapy in patients of different ages with stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods Clinical data of 282 NSCLC patients in two prospective studies were retrospectively analyzed,who completed the protocol (at least 2 cycles of chemotherapy and thoracic radiation doses of ≥36 Gy).Among them,44 patients were assigned into in the young group (≤ 45 years old),161 patients in the middle-age group (46-64 years old) and 77 patients in the elderly group (≥ 65 years old).The clinical characteristics of patients among different groups were analyzed by x2 test.The overall survival (OS) was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method.Stratified analysis was performed by Log-rank test.Multi-factor prognosis analysis was conducted by Cox's proportional hazards regression model.Results The incidence of NSCLC in the male patients in the elderly group was higher than that in the middle-age and young groups.The 1-,2-,3-and 5-year OS did not significantly differ among different groups (P=0.810).The OS did not significantly differ among patients of the same gender,pathological type,T stage,N stage,metastasis status,same chemotherapy cycle,primary tumor dose and comprehensive treatment and short-term response (all P>0.05).The incidence of adverse events did not considerably differ among different groups.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age was not an independent factor for survival (P> O.05).Conclusion Patients of different ages with stage Ⅳ NSCLC obtain similar survival benefits and adverse events after concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666096

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of palliative care was definitive with two-dimensional radiotherapy for stage IV non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC).However,theimpact of radiotherapy on survival was not well indicated,and some study resultsindicating prolonged survival were not accepted. Along with the advancesin three-dimensional radiotherapy (3DRT),wide application of comprehensive treatment,and the understanding of the association between different metastatic status and survival,prospective and retrospective studies have demonstrated that chemotherapy combined with 3DRT for primary tumor is more effective than chemoradiotherapy alone in improving symptoms and prolonging survival,especially for oligometastases of stage IV NSCLC.The dose to primary tumor is closely related to survival,and high-dose radiotherapy may be more likely to prolong survival. Further studies,however,areneeded to take into accountproblems such as thedose,timing,and technical selection of radiotherapy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708236

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and toxicity of concurrent pemetrexed-cisplatin (PP) or docetaxel-cisplatin (DP) with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in patients with stageⅠV lung adenocarcinoma. Methods Stage IV lung adenocarcinoma patients with unknown EGFR mutation status or wild-type admitted to Guizhou Cancer Hospital from 2011 to 2016 were randomly assigned into the PP (n=50) and DP groups (n=51).All patients received concurrent IMRT of the chest at a prescription dose of 60-70 Gy. Primary endpoint was 1-year survival rate, and secondary endpoint was acute toxicity. Results The overall response rate was 68. 0% and 72. 5% in the PP and DP groups (χ2=0. 250, P=0. 617) . The median survival time was 19. 6 months ( 95%CI 13. 9-25. 3) versus 12. 1 months ( 95%CI 10. 7-13. 5) in the PP and DP groups. The 1-, 2-and 3-year overall survival rates were 72. 0% versus 52. 9%, 28. 0% versus 17. 6%, and 16. 0% versus 13. 7%, respectively in the PP and DP groups ( P=0. 049) . In the PP and DP groups, the incidence of grade 3-4 leukopenia was declined by 48% and 63%( P=0. 098) , and the incidence of grade 3-4 neutropenia was decreased by 34% and 65%( P=0. 002) , the incidence of grade 3-4 anemia was reduced by 38% and 10%(P=0. 024), and the incidence of grade 3-4 thrombocytopenia was declined by 40% and 14%( P=0. 003) . The incidence rate of grade 2 pneumonitis ( P=0. 625) and grade 3 esophagitis ( P=0. 484) were similar in both groups. No patients experienced ≥grade 3 pneumonitis or ≥ grade 4 radiation esophagitis. Conclusions Pemetrexed-cisplatin combined with chemoradiotherapy yields higher clinical efficacy compared with docetaxel-cisplatin plus concurrent chemoradiation in the treatment of stageⅠV lung adenocarcinoma. The incidence of radiation pneumonitis and esophagitis is similar. The incidence and severity of hematological toxicity does not significantly differ between two groups.Treatment-related toxicity is tolerable in both groups. Clinical Trial Registration Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ( ChiCTR-TRC-13004184) .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613020

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the effect of three-dimensional radiotherapy on the survival of patients with stage Ⅳ squamous cell lung cancer.Methods Of the 101 patients collected from two prospective phase Ⅱ studies, 88 were part of the per-protocol set.All patients received platinum-doublet chemotherapy with concurrent radiation to the primary tumor.Primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).Survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier estimator, and univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using the log-rank test and Cox model, respectively.Results The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates of the 88 patients were 42.2%, 13.6%, 8.7%, and 3.1%, respectively, and the median survival time (MST) was 10 months.The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year OS and MST at PTV dose ≥63 Gy were 45.7%, 25.7%, 17.1%, 7.1%, and 11 months, respectively, whereas the 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year OS and MST at PTV dose<63 Gy were 39.6%, 4.5%, 2.8%, 0%, and 10 months, respectively (P=0.007).The median PFS at ≥63 Gy and<63 Gy were 9 months and 7 months, respectively (P=0.032).The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year OS and PFS of patients who received 4 cycles of chemotherapy at a PTV dose of ≥63 Gy were 51.9%, 29.6%, 18.5%, 9.9%, and 9 months, respectively (P=0.001 and P=0.012), which were significantly prolonged compared with other treatment modalities.Multivariate analysis showed that PTV ≥63 Gy may be influence the OS of patients (P=0.080).Conclusions Three-dimensional radiotherapy can prolong the survival of patients with stage ⅠV squamous cell lung cancer, as demonstrated by the gradual improvement in OS and PFS following the increase in the intensity of concurrent chemotherapy and radiation therapy.A PTV dose of ≥63 Gy may be influence the OS.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503796

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of clinical factors on survival in patients receiving concurrent chemotherapy and three?dimensional radiotherapy ( 3DRT) for stage IV non?small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) . Methods A total of 203 patients were enrolled in a prospective clincial study from 2008 to 2012, and among these patients, 178 patients were eligible for analysis of clinical factors. All patients were treated with platinum?based doublets chemotherapy, with a median number of chemotherapy cycles of 4( 2?6 cycles) and a median dose of 3DRT of 60?3 Gy (36?0?76?5 Gy).The Kaplan?Meier method was used to calculate overall survival ( OS) rates, the log?rank test was used to compare survival rates between groups, and the Cox regression model were used for multivariate analysis. Results The 1?, 2?, and 3?year overall survival rates were 56%, 16%, and 10%, respectively, and the median survival time was 13 months (95% CI=11?500?14?500). The univariate analysis showed that platelet count ≤221×109/L, neutrophil count ≤5.2×109/L, white blood cell count<7×109/L, and improvement in Karnofsky Performance Scale ( KPS) after treatment significantly prolonged OS ( P=0?000,0?022,0?003, and 0?029) , and metastasis to a single organ and hemoglobin≥120 g/L tended to prolong OS (P=0?058 and 0?075). The multivariate analysis showed that white blood cell count<7×109/L, platelet count ≤221×109/L, and improvement in KPS after treatment were beneficial to OS ( all P<0?05) . Conclusions White blood cell count and platelet count before treatment and KPS after treatment are prognostic factors for patients with stage IV NSCLC receiving concurrent chemotherapy and 3DRT. Clinical Trial Registry ClinicalTrials. gov, registration number:ChiCTRTNC10001026.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503751

ABSTRACT

Chemokines and chemokine receptors involve in biological activity and pathological process widely.It has been reported that many tumor cells overexpress functional chemokines.In lung cancer,chemo-kines involve in its proliferation,apoptosis,invasion and metastasis.Chemokines and chemokine receptor over-expressed in lung cancer can be used as specific target for pertinent anti-tumor treatment.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467382

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of three?dimensional radiotherapy (3DRT) with concurrent chemotherapy for stage IV non?small?cell lung cancer ( NSCLC). Methods A total of 198 eligible patients from 2008 to 2012 were enrolled as subjects. With an age ranging between 18 and 80 years and a Karnofsky Performance Status ( KPS) score of 70 or more, those patients had no contraindication for radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and were newly diagnosed with stage IV NSCLC confirmed by histology or cytology, as well as limited metastatic disease (≤3 organs). Survival rates and acute toxicities in those patients were evaluated. Results The 3?year follow?up rate was 98?? 5% and the 3?year sample size was 165. The median overall survival (OS) and progression?free survival (PFS) were 13?? 0 months (95% CI,11?? 7 ?14?? 3 months) and 9?? 0 months (95% CI,7?? 7 ?10?? 3 months), respectively, while the 1?, 2?, and 3?year OS rates were 53?? 5%, 15?? 8%, and 9?? 2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that a primary tumor volume smaller than 134 cm3 , a stable or increased KPS score after treatment, and a radiation dose of 63 Gy or more were independent prognostic factors for longer survival time ( P=0?? 008;P= 0?? 010;P= 0?? 014). The incidence rates of grade 3?4 neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, grade 3 radiation esophagitis, and grade 3 radiation pneumonitis were 37?? 9%, 10?? 1%, 6?? 9%, 2?? 5%, and 6?? 6%, respectively. The main cause of death was distant metastasis, and only 10% of the patients died of recurrence alone. Conclusions 3DRT with concurrent chemotherapy achieves satisfactory treatment outcomes with tolerable toxicities for stage IV NSCLC. Primary tumor volume, change in the KPS score after treatment, and radiation dose are independent prognostic factors for OS.Clinical Trial Registry Chinese Clinical Reistry,registration number:ChiCTRC10001026.

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