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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 371-377, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992611

ABSTRACT

Traumatic intracranial hematoma progresses rapidly and may cause quick increase of intracranial pressure and even brain hernia, ultimately leading to coma or death. Therefore, traumatic intracranial hematoma needs prompt treatment, but the prerequisite of treatment is early examination and diagnosis. Due to the limited transportation and other reasons, the existing large-scale detection devices such as CT and MRI cannot be deployed on the rescue site or during patient transportation. Instead, the portable diagnosis devices have the characteristics of miniaturization and high flexibility, which is conducive to promoting early detection, assisting diagnosis and further guiding the formulation of treatment plans. At present, more and more attention has been paid to the portable diagnosis devices in the diagnosis of intracranial hematoma. The authors summarized the conventional diagnosis methods and application of portable diagnosis devices for traumatic intracranial hematoma, aiming to provide a reference for the diagnosis of traumatic intracranial hematoma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588

ABSTRACT

The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

3.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 508-509,510, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604850

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of microsurgery treatment with small craniotomy lateral fissure approach for hyperten-sive basal ganglia intracranial hemorrhage. Methods From December 2013 to February 2015, 30 patients with hypertensive basal ganglia intracranial hemorrhage ( blood loss within 30~60 mL) were analyzed respectively. Summarized the methods and techniques of this microsur-gery treatment and analyzed its advantages and disadvantages compared with the traditional operation. Results The hematomas were excluded more than 90% which were proved by reexamination after opreation. There was one case of temporal lobe infarction,but there was no re-bleed case and death case. The recovery of consciousness is good, and the limb function and language function were improved by early rehabilitation treatment. Conclusion Microsurgery treatment with small craniotomy lateral fissure approach for hypertensive basal ganglia intracerebral hemorrhage has the advantages of minimal invasion,complete hematoma removal and low complication and disability rates, which is worthy of promotion and application.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 874-877, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478083

ABSTRACT

At present, there are still problems in medical postgraduate education in our country such as backward concept, disconnected basic research and clinical transformation, as well as imper-fect cultivation system and evaluation system. Translational medicine conception has been generally accepted and practiced, and provides a new thinking for medical postgraduate education. As a result, medical postgraduate education should reform education model to resolve the disconnection between basic research and clinical application, build a multidisciplinary intersection translational medicine research guidance team, create a strong translational medicine research atmosphere, and the quantita-tive evaluation system and peer evaluation system of scientific research achievements, thus strengthen-ing medical graduate students' concept of translational medicine and their scientific research ability, to provide the necessary talent base to solve the major problems in medical science.

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