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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 988-992, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy, safety and economy of tacrolimus (TAC), cyclosporin A (CsA), cyclophosphamide (CTX) and rituximab (RTX) in the treatment of membranous nephropathy (MN). METHODS Retrieved from Pubmed, the Cochrane Library, Wanfang data, CNKI and health technology assessment (HTA) official website, HTA reports, systematic reviews/meta-analysis and pharmacoeconomic studies about TAC, CsA, CTX and RTX combined with glucocorticoid in the treatment of MN were collected during the inception and Mar. 2022. After data extraction and quality evaluation, descriptive analysis was performed on the results of the included studies. RESULTS A total of 15 articles were included, involving 13 systematic reviews/meta-analysis and 2 pharmacoeconomic studies. In terms of efficacy, TAC and CsA showed significant advantages in increasing the response rate, and could improve the levels of urine protein, serum albumin, serum creatinine and serum total cholesterol. In terms of safety, the incidence of adverse reaction induced by TAC, CsA and RTX was low and the symptoms were mild. In terms of economics, CTX cost lower but caused severe adverse reaction; TAC cost higher but showed higher remission rate and good safety. CONCLUSIONS TAC combined with glucocorticoid may be the recommended scheme for MN.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 289-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991307

ABSTRACT

In view of the current situation of the construction of clinical pharmacist system and the teaching and training of clinical pharmacist training base in China, this paper provides a reference for perfecting and improving the training mode of clinical pharmacists in China. By establishing a clinical pharmacist system that develops a "two-focus" model, it takes the "trinity" of "hierarchical teaching-innovative practice-stage assessment" as the operating mechanism of teaching management, and the innovative mode of training clinical pharmacist talents with diversified information service platform as the technical support system, thereby providing an effective model for training excellent clinical pharmaceutical care talents.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2572-2584, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982881

ABSTRACT

Acid-base dissociation constant (pKa) is a key physicochemical parameter in chemical science, especially in organic synthesis and drug discovery. Current methodologies for pKa prediction still suffer from limited applicability domain and lack of chemical insight. Here we present MF-SuP-pKa (multi-fidelity modeling with subgraph pooling for pKa prediction), a novel pKa prediction model that utilizes subgraph pooling, multi-fidelity learning and data augmentation. In our model, a knowledge-aware subgraph pooling strategy was designed to capture the local and global environments around the ionization sites for micro-pKa prediction. To overcome the scarcity of accurate pKa data, low-fidelity data (computational pKa) was used to fit the high-fidelity data (experimental pKa) through transfer learning. The final MF-SuP-pKa model was constructed by pre-training on the augmented ChEMBL data set and fine-tuning on the DataWarrior data set. Extensive evaluation on the DataWarrior data set and three benchmark data sets shows that MF-SuP-pKa achieves superior performances to the state-of-the-art pKa prediction models while requires much less high-fidelity training data. Compared with Attentive FP, MF-SuP-pKa achieves 23.83% and 20.12% improvement in terms of mean absolute error (MAE) on the acidic and basic sets, respectively.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 621-627, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in differentiating between autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and pancreatic cancer (PC).Methods:Data of 133 patients with AIP and 113 patients with PC who underwent EUS because of obstructive jaundice at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2013 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed in the study, and were randomly divided into either a derivation sample or a validation sample using 1∶1 allocation according to the random number. In the derivation sample, 10 EUS characteristics were used to construct a prediction model to distinguish between AIP and PC, in which predictors were identified by multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis and predictive efficacy was evaluated by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis. The predictive efficacy was assessed in the validation sample. In view of the subjectivity in the judgment of diffuse/focal hypoechogenicity, 2 prediction models were designed in order to avoid bias.Results:By multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis, diffuse hypoechogenicity ( OR=591.0, 95% CI: 98.8->999.9, P<0.001) and vessel involvement ( OR=11.9, 95% CI: 1.4-260.2, P=0.023) were identified as statistically significant predictors for distinguishing AIP from PC. EUS characteristics excluding diffuse/focal hypoechogenicity were stepped by logistic regression, which showed that hyperechoic foci/strands ( OR=177.3, 95% CI: 18.7->999.9, P<0.001), pancreatic duct dilation ( OR=60.5, 95% CI: 6.2->999.9, P=0.004), bile duct wall thickening ( OR=35.4, 95% CI: 3.7->999.9, P=0.009), lymphadenopathy ( OR=16.8, 95% CI: 1.7-475.2, P=0.038) and vessel involvement ( OR=22.7, 95% CI: 2.0-725.7, P=0.028) were statistically significant predictors to distinguish the two diseases. Both prediction models were built in the derivation sample, with area under the ROC curve of 0.995 and 0.979 respectively. In the validation sample, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of both prediction models were all >90% by using the optimal cutoff value. Even for discrimination between focal AIP and PC, sensitivity and accuracy of both models were >90%, and specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were all >85%. Conclusion:The 2 prediction models have good differential predictive value, and EUS is a useful tool to differentiate between AIP and PC.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 889-894, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995340

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the development and application of gastrointestinal endoscopy technology in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region from 2016 to 2020, and the impact of the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic on gastrointestinal endoscopy screening and lesion detection rate of medical institutions.Methods:Data of gastroscopy and colonoscopy cases from 26 cooperative institutions in BTH Region Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Medical Association from January 2016 to December 2020 were collected by questionnaire. The number of gastrointestinal endoscopy, the detection of main lesions (including upper gastrointestinal malignant tumors, early gastric cancer and colon cancer), and the number of endoscopic treatment were retrospectively analyzed by year.Results:From 2016 to 2019, the number of gastroscopy and colonoscopy showed a yearly increasing trend with an annual growth rate of over 10%. Compared with 2019, the number of gastroscopy and colonoscopy decreased by 10.86% and 8.29%, respectively, in 2020 due to the impact of the epidemic. The annual detection rates of upper gastrointestinal malignant tumors, early gastric cancer and colon cancer were on a rise, from 7.22%, 1.49% and 8.98% in 2016 to 9.87%, 2.71% and 12.04% in 2020, respectively. The number of gastroscopic mucosal resection, submucosal dissection and colonoscopic endoscopic submucosal dissection increased yearly, from 2 132, 300 and 217 cases in 2016 to 5 466, 872 and 560 cases in 2020, respectively.Conclusion:The Medical Association has promoted the expansion of endoscopic screening and the application of endoscopic treatment techniques, resulting in a continuous increase in the endoscopy detection rate and early cancer diagnosis rate in the BTH region. The sharp decrease of gastrointestinal endoscopy procedures and the increase in the lesion detection rate in 2020 reflect the impact of epidemic COVID-19 on detection of gastrointestinal cancers.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 561-567, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression at protein level and diagnostic value of histone acetyltransferase MYST2 in pancreatic cancer.Methods:From December 1st, 2017 to June 30th, 2020, at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, a total of 54 cases of pancreatic cancer tissues and corresponding paracancerous pancreatic tissues (>5 cm from the surgical margin) resected and confirmed by pathology were collected. ASPC1 and BXPC3 pancreatic cancer cell lines were knocked down (ASPC1 and BXPC3 knockdown group), CFPAC1 and SW1990 pancreatic cancer cell lines were overexpressed (CFPAC1 and SW1990 overexpression group), the untreated ASPC1, BXPC3, CFPAC1 and SW1990 were set as blank vector control group. The expression at protein level of MYST2 was detected by Western blotting in patients with different degrees of pathological differentiation, human normal pancreatic duct epithelial cell line HPDE, human pancreatic cancer cell lines ASPC1, BXPC3, CFPAC1 and SW1990, knockdown group, overexpression group and blank vector control group. The cell proliferation, migration, invasion and colony formation ability of the knockdown group, overexpression group and blank vector control group were determined by real-time cellular analysis, Transwell migration and invasion test, and plate colony formation assay. MYST2 immunohistochemical scoring was performed on pancreatic cancer tissues and para cancer tissues. Receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn to analyze the value of different MYST2 protein expression levels in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. Independent sample t test and variance analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results:Among the pathological slides of 54 cases of pancreatic cancer, 13 cases were highly differentiated, 24 cases were moderately differentiated, 15 cases were poorly differentiated and 2 cases were undifferentiated, the MYST2 expression at protein level in pancreatic cancer cells was 3.12±1.67, 2.87±1.59, 2.12±1.03 and 1.08±0.34, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=1.241, P<0.05). The MYST2 expression levels of ASPC1, BXPC3, CFPAC1 and SW1990 were all higher than that of normal pancreatic ductal epithelial cell lines HPDE (1.41±0.47, 1.40±0.93, 1.13±0.62 and 1.71±0.46 vs. 0.82±0.25), and the differences were statistically significant( t=1.625, 1.577, 1.319 and 1.832, all P<0.05). The MYST2 expression level of BXPC3 knockdown group was lower than that of BXPC3 blank vector control group (0.39±0.12 vs. 0.75±0.34); that of ASPC1 knockdown group was lower than that of ASPC1 blank vector control group (0.43±0.22 vs. 0.82±0.48); that of CFPAC1 overexpression group was higher than that of CFPAC1 blank vector control group (1.38±0.45 vs. 0.82±0.37); that of SW1990 overexpression group was higher than that of SW1990 blank vector control group (1.34±0.65 vs. 0.51±0.22), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=1.414, 1.378, 1.319 and 1.934, all P<0.05). The cell proliferation of ASPC1 knockdown group was slower than that of ASPC1 blank vector control group, and the proliferation peak at 80 h was lower than that of blank vector control group (1.02±0.77 vs. 4.31±2.45); the cell proliferation of BXPC3 knockdown group was slower than that of BXPC3 blank vector control group, and the proliferation peak at 80 h was lower than that of blank vector control group (0.91±0.24 vs. 2.84±0.53); the proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells in SW1990 overexpression group was faster than that of SW1990 blank vector control group, and the proliferation peak at 80 h was higher than that of blank vector control group (3.10±0.67 vs. 1.04±0.17); the proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells in CFPAC1 overexpression group was faster than that that of CFPAC1 blank vector control group, and the proliferation peak at 80 h was higher than that of blank vector control group (5.45±1.13 vs. 1.01±0.29), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=1.427, 1.316, 1.292 and 1.501, all P<0.05). In the test of migration ability, the number of cells passed through the Transwell chamber of ASPC1 knockdown group was less than that of ASPC1 blank vector control group (34.08±17.62 vs. 118.76±5.31); that of BXPC3 knockdown group was less than that of BXPC3 blank vector control group (18.62±9.64 vs. 57.90±12.67); that of SW1990 overexpression group was more than that of SW1990 blank vector control group (134.84±24.65 vs. 37.82±6.73); that of CFPAC1 overexpression group was more than that of CFPAC1 blank vector control group (65.79±27.46 vs. 11.68±5.13), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=1.475, 1.322, 1.437 and 1.219, all P<0.05). In the test of invasion ability, the number of cells passed through the Transwell chamber of ASPC1 knockdown group was less than that of ASPC1 blank vector control group (9.79±5.75 vs. 45.76±12.71); that of BXPC3 knockdown group was less than that of BXPC3 blank vector control group (23.46±11.13 vs. 84.92±17.65); that of SW1990 overexpression group was more than that of SW1990 blank vector control group (156.42±34.50 vs. 42.13±22.17); that of CFPAC1 overexpression group was more than that of CFPAC1 blank vector control group (112.64±47.82 vs. 39.09±17.23), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=1.324, 1.635, 1.423 and 1.119, all P<0.05). The number of colony formation of the ASPC1 knockdown group was less than that of ASPC1 blank vector control group (13.15±6.42 vs. 86.79±35.17); that of BXPC3 knockdown group was less than that of BXPC3 blank vector control group (14.93±9.30 vs. 52.93±15.76); that of SW1990 overexpression group was more than that of SW1990 blank vector control group (129.10±57.31 vs. 62.42±37.43); that of CFPAC1 overexpression group was more than that of CFPAC1 blank vector control group (157.98±66.45 vs. 74.35±34.69), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=1.148, 1.290, 1.274 and 1.462, all P<0.05). The MYST2 score of pancreatic cancer tissues was higher than that of adjacent paracancerous pancreatic tissues (3.04±2.23 vs. 1.32 ± 0.70), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.479, P<0.05). When the total immunohistochemistry score of MYST2 was 3 point, the area under the curve was the largest (0.888, 95% confidence interval 0.827 to 0.948), and the Youden index was 0.56. Conclusion:MYST2 is associated with the proliferation, invasion and migration of pancreatic cancer cells, and promotes the development of pancreatic cancer.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 733-736, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the approach of continuing education for digestive specialists through the establishment of training mode for diagnosis and treatment of early gastric cancer and the evaluation of training effect.Methods:A total of 48 participants of 3 sessions in the training course of early gastric cancer in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from September 2019 to January 2020 were enrolled in this study. Effects of six training methods were evaluated subjectively and objectively by a questionnaire survey and an on-site test.Results:After the training course of early gastric cancer, the diagnostic awareness (100.0%, 48/48), basic theoretical knowledge (97.9%, 47/48), endoscopic diagnosis ability (95.8%, 46/48) and endoscopic operation skills (87.5%, 42/48) of early gastric cancer of the trainees were significantly improved.The most effective training sessions were endoscopic images recognition, lectures of theoretical knowledge, case discussion and hands-on workshop. The results of theoretical knowledge test (79.38±8.10 VS 48.33±9.96, t=-21.176, P<0.001)and image diagnosis test (81.50±8.32 VS 49.58±13.48, t=-15.408, P<0.001) after training were significantly improved compared with those of before. Conclusion:The systematic training program of early gastric cancer that includes a variety of training methods is effective and should be widely promoted in the continuing education of digestive specialists.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 428-433, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912131

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of bleeding during endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and to analyze the risk factors for bleeding.Methods:Data of patients who received gastric ESD in endoscopy center of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2015 to December 2019 were reviewed. The medical history, characteristics of gastric lesions, operation process and prognosis of the patients were analyzed.Results:A total of 437 gastric lesions of 422 patients were included in this study, and 406 lesions were gastric epithelial tumors. The bleeding rate during ESD was 32.3% (141/437), including 2 cases of acute massive hemorrhage. Intraoperative hemorrhage during ESD increased the incidence of myometrial injury and intraoperative perforation, and prolonged the operation time. Multivariate regression analysis showed that risk factors for bleeding during ESD were anatomical adhesion, the lesion location in the upper and middle 2/3 of the stomach, the lesion area ≥ 15 cm 2, male, and non-ESD absolute indications. Conclusion:Bleeding is the speed limiting factor for gastric ESD. For male patients, when the lesion is located in the upper and middle 2/3 of the stomach, large with anatomical adhesion during operation, precaution should be taken for intraoperative hemorrhage.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2772-2777, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904782

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the efficacy and safet y of roxadustat in the treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) combined with renal anemia. METHODS :The data of 80 inpatients with CKD combined with renal anemia treated in the nephrology department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Science and Technology during Nov. 2019 to Dec. 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. They were divided into observation group (40 case)and control group (40 case)according to different treatment methods. Control group was given Human erythropoieti n for injection subcutaneously ,100-150 IU/kg every week,3 times a week. Observation group were given Roxadu- stat capsules orally ,100 mg each time for dialysis patients with a bodyweight of 45-<60 kg,70 mg each time for non- 717060193@qq.com dialysis patients ,3 times a week ;120 mg each time for dialysis patients with bodyweight ≥60 kg and 100 mg each time for non-dialysis patients ,3 times a week. After 4 weeks of treatment ,the dosage of the two groups w as adjusted according to the level of hemoglobin (Hb). Treatment course of 2 groups were 12 weeks. The levels of anemia indexes (Hb,red blood cell count (RBC),hematocrit(Hct)),iron metabolism indexes (serum iron (Fe),ferritin(Fer),total iron-binding capacity (TIBC),tranfeerrin saturation (TSAT)),lipid metabolism indexes (total cholesterol (TC),triglycerides(TG),high-density lipoprotein (HDL),low-density lipoprotein (LDL))and inflammation index(C-reactive protein (CRP))were detected in 2 groups before treatment and after 12 weeks of treatment. The levels of Hb were observed in high-level CRP subgroup and low-level CRP subgroup ;the occurrence of ADR was recorded in 2 groups during treatment. RESULTS :Before treatment ,there was no statistical significance in the anemia indexes ,iron metabolism indexes ,lipid metabolism indexes or inflammation index between 2 groups(P>0.05). After treatment ,the levels of Hb ,RBC and Hct in 2 groups and the levels of TIBC and HDL in observation group were significantly higher than before treatment. The levels of Fe ,Fer and TSAT in 2 groups and the levels of TC and LDL in observation group were significantly lower than before treatment ;the levels of Hb ,RBC,Hct,TIBC and HDL in observation group were significantly higher than before control group ,while the level of TC was significantly lower than control group (P<0.05). The incidence of high reactivity in observation group was significantly higher than control group ,while the incidence of low reactivity was significantly lower than control group (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in the levels of CRP between 2 groups before and after treatment (P>0.05). Subgroup comparison results showed that there was no statistical significance in the level of Hb between high-level CRP subgroup and low-level CRP subgroup of 2 groups before treatment (P>0.05). After treatment ,the level of Hb in high-level CRP subgroup of observation group was significantly higher than that of high-level CRP subgroup of control group (P<0.05). The total incidence of ADR in observation group was significantly lower than control group (P<0.05),and no severe ADR was observed in 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS : Roxadustat can effectively improve anemia in CKD patients with renal anemia ,and curative effect is less affected by inflammatory state,and it has good short-term safety.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2184-2189, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886797

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prov ide reference for mobilizing the work enthusiasm of clinical pharmacists ,and further promoting the strategic objectives of performance appraisal in three-level public hospitals (“National examination ”for short ). METHODS:A department performance appraisal team was established ,and a key performance indicator system consisting of 4 first-level indicators and 9 second-level indicators was constructed by using literature retrieval and expert consultation. The performance distribution method of double assessment of performance score and performance score was established ,and a performance publicity and feedback performance mechanism was formed. Relevant data were collected to compare the core work indicators of clinical pharmacists ,use intensity of antibiotics ,compliance rate of essential drugs in our hospital from Apr. to Dec. 2019(before implementation )and Apr. to Dec. 2020(after implementation ). RESULTS :After the implementation of performance appraisal scheme ,the total number of medication recommendations of clinical pharmacists increased from 1 192 to 5 226,with an increase of 338.42%;the number of medication suggestions received increased from 846 to 4 855,with an increase of 473.88%; and the rate of drug suggestions received increased from 70.97% to 92.90%;the number of pharmaceutical consultation increased from 195 to 1 284,with an increase of 558.46%;the number of drug counseling increased from 1 203 to 2 719,increasing by 126.02%. Form Apr. to Dec. 2020,the number of patient safety medication evaluation forms reached 660. The antibiotics use density(AUD)in clinical departments of 13 clinical pharmacists were decreased to different extent after the implementation of performance appraisal scheme ,the decine rate was 92.31%(12/13),and the compliance rate was 69.23%(9/13);utilization rate of essential medicine among outpatients of 11 clinical pharmacists ’clinical departments had achieved positive growth ,and those among inpatients of 2 clinical pharmacists ’clinical departments had achieved positive growth. CONCLUSIONS :The performance appraisal system of clinical pharm acists formulated by our hospital links the “National examination ”index with the performance , appraisal of clinical pharmacists ,which can provide ideas for No.2018sxzx57,No.2020jyxm2328,No.2020jyxm2307) the performance appraisal of three-level public hospitals and help to promote the high-quality and sustainable development of hospital pharmaceutical care.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1515-1519, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To esta blish a special management system of carbapenems ,and to standardize the clinical and rational application of carbapenem antibacterial drugs. METHODS :According to the requirements of the relevant documents of National Health Commission of the People ’s Republic of China ,the special management system of carbapenems in the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China (called“our hospital ”in short )was constructed. The use intensity,reasonable rate of prescription and the detection rate of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae were analyzed before and after management. RESULTS :The special management system of carbapenems in our hospital included organization construction,information construction of special management ,prescription review of special management drugs ,prescription comment intervention and so on. After the implementation of the special management system ,the intensity of carbapenems use decreased from 2.78 to 2.03,the reasonable rate of prescription increased from 62.8% to 98.3%(P<0.05). The detection rates of Acinetobacter baumannii ,Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistance to carbapenems decreased from 91.4%,2.4%, 49.5% to 79.7%,1.6%,39.7%,respectively. However ,the detection rate of Klebsiella pneumoniae resistance to imipenem increased from 34.4% to 50.0%. CONCLUSIONS :The special management system of carbapenems in our hospital has achieved some results in practice ,which helps to reduce the abuse of these drugs and improve the reasonable level of drug use and reduce the detection rate of drug-resistant bacteria. At the same time ,hospital infection control of K. pneumoniae resistance to imipenem should be strengthened.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 26-35, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921240

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endoscopic biopsy can underestimate gastric malignancies as low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (LGIN). Definitively diagnosed LGIN would progress. This study aimed to evaluate predictive factors to identify malignancies misdiagnosed as LGIN by biopsy and LGIN at high risk of progression.@*METHODS@#The clinical records of patients diagnosed with gastric LGIN by endoscopic biopsy who underwent at least two endoscopies during the first year of follow-up between 2007 and 2017 were retrospectively collected. Three endoscopists reviewed photographs of the initial endoscopy, described lesion characteristics, and made endoscopic diagnoses. Logistic regression was used to analyze predictors to identify malignancies underestimated as LGIN. A receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of these predictors. Patient clinical outcomes of follow-up >1 year were collected. Kaplan-Meier estimates with log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to analyze predictors of progression.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 48 of 182 (26.4%) patients were proven to have malignancies. A single lesion, a large lesion size, and marked intestinal metaplasia (IM) were independent predictors of initially misdiagnosed malignancies. The area under the curve of these predictors was 0.871, with a sensitivity of 68.7% and specificity of 92.5%. Twelve of 98 patients (12.2%) progressed during the 33-month median follow-up period. A whitish appearance, irregular margins, marked IM, and histological diagnosis of LGIN more than twice within the first year were predictors for progression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lesions diagnosed as LGIN by biopsy with marked IM and other predictors above should be prudently treated for high potential to be malignancies or progress. Endoscopic follow-up with repeated biopsies within the first year is recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Carcinoma in Situ , Endoscopy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis
13.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 723-727, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical features of aortoesphageal fistula (AEF) patients with massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.Methods:Five AEF patients with massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage admitted in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2016 January 1st to 2019 December 31st. The clinical data, endoscopic findings, radiological manifestations, treatment and clinical outcomes were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among 5 patients, 4 were males, 1 was female with an average age of (58±8) years old. The underlying conditions were atherosclerosis ( n=4), hypertension ( n=3), hyperlipidemia ( n=1); 2 cases had aortic aneurysm stent implantation and 1 case of rheumatic heart disease had valve replacement. All 5 patients were complicated with hematemesis and hypovolemic shock, and 4 cases had sentinel hemorrhage. Contrast-enhanced CT or CT angiography of the aorta showed thicken esophageal wall, local esophageal discontinuity, aortic aneurysm, gas around the aortic stent and contrast agent spilling over. The gastroscopy showed esophageal depression lesions, deep ulcers, mucosal erosion with bleeding. Conservative therapy and endoscopic hemostasis failed, 2 patients died without surgical intervention; 3 patients underwent emergency surgeries, 2 survived and 1 died perioperatively. Conclusions:Aortoesophageal fistula is in lack of specific clinical manifestations but is highly in mortality. Therefore CT and gastrocopic examination should be performed for suspected patients, early diagnosis and surgical treatment are the key to save patients′ lives.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1646-1649, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide referenc e for the construction of prescription review model in medical institution and key monitored drugs management. METHODS :A multidisciplinary collaborative prescription review mode was established in the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China (called“our hospital ”for short ). The prescription management group (composed of the president in charge ,the director of pharmacy department ,the director of medical department and the person in charge of pharmacy ,medicine,nursing and administrative management )was set up under the Pharmaceutical Affairs Management and Drug Treatment Committee ;and then prescription review expert group (be responsible for providing professional technical consultation and final evaluation of prescriptions )and prescription review working group (be responsible for the initial evaluation of prescriptions )were set up. According to the Drug Administration Law ,the Law of Licensed Doctors and the Law of Anti-unfair Competition Act and so on ,the Measures for the Supervision and Administration of Drug Purchase ,Sale and Use in our hospital was formulated. The multi-disciplinary collaborative prescription review procedure was established to intervene key monitored drugs prescriptions. The utilization rate of key monitored varieties and prescription reasonability in our hospital were investigated before (Jun. 2019)and after the intervention (Sept. 2019)by the mode. RESULTS :The multidisciplinary collaborative prescription review mode was established sucessfully. The proportion of key monitored drugs in total drug sales amount decreased from 1.322% before intervention to 0.735% after intervention (P=0.010). The irrational rate of prescriptions decreased from 46.76% before intervention to 15.70% after intervention (P=0.023). The main types of irrational prescriptions were inappropriate usage and dosage (18.52%),inappropriate indications(12.50%),inappropriateroute of administration (9.26%)before intervention changed into inappropriate usage and dosage (15.70%)after intervention ; other irrational prescription types had been significantly improved. CONCLUSIONS : The multidisciplinary collaborative prescription review model shows significant effect on key monitored drugs and reduce irrational use of this variety in the clinic significantly.

15.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 345-349, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711526

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of narrow band imaging (NBI) international colorectal endoscopic (NICE) classification in distinguishing neoplastic from non-neoplastic colorectal polyps during routine clinical practice. Methods A total of 224 lesions detected by white light colonoscopy by non-expert endoscopists were collected in this retrospective study. Each lesion was assessed by NBI and classified by NICE classification. The results were compared with pathological findings from endoscopic or surgical resected specimen. Results Among these 224 polyps, there were 59 of type 1, 159 of type 2 and 6 of type 3 according to NICE classification. There were 58 non-tumorous and 166 tumorous polyps according to pathological diagnosis. The total diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of NICE classification for colorectal tumor were 91. 6%, 77. 6%, 92. 1%,76. 3%and 87. 9%, respectively.Diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy in big (>10 mm in diameter), small (>5-10 mm in diameter) and mini (≤5 mm in diameter) polyp groups were 100. 0%, 97. 0% and 80. 9%, as well as 95. 7%, 87. 8%, and 83. 3%, respectively. Diagnostic accuracy showed a decreasing tendency on polyp size, without significant difference between the three groups ( P=0. 694). Conclusion NICE classification with non-magnified NBI is effective in distinguishing neoplastic and non-neoplastic colorectal polyps by non-expert endoscopists and is potentially worth popularizing for routine clinical practice.

16.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 275-278, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710057

ABSTRACT

Objective To reinforce the awareness of colorectal endometriosis (EM) in colonoscopy examination.Methods Patients diagnosed as colorectal EM at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between February 2002 and February 2017 were enrolled in this study.The clinical characteristics and endoscopic features of EM lesions were summarized and compared between pathologically positive group and negative group.Results A total of 34 cases were included with average age of (38.3± 8.9) years old.All EM lesions located within rectum and sigmoid colon.The endoscopic lesions manifested as protrusion in 21 cases (61.8%) and protrusion-depression in 13 cases (38.2%),local stenosis in 8 cases (23.5%);erosive surface in 33 cases (97.1%) with local spontaneous hemorrhage in 4 cases (11.8%);nodal surface in 23 cases (67.6%),and lymphangiectasis base in 9 cases (26.4%).Endoscopic biopsy specimens were obtained in all cases with average 3 (2,4) pieces.Positive results were found only in 4 patients (11.8%) with 3 endometriosis and one (endometrial) adenosarcoma.Compared with negative group,spontaneous hemorrhage was more frequent in positive group (2/4 vs.2/30,P=0.013).Mean biopsy sample number was significantly larger in positive group (5 vs.3,P=0.004).Conclusions Colorectal endometriosis is mostly located within rectosigmoid region.Endoscopic features mainly include protrusion or protrusion-depression lesions with erosive and nodular surface,or local stenosis.Spontaneous hemorrhage under colonoscopy yields higher positive rate for biopsy,thus increasing biopsy sample numbers may improve pathology results.

17.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 45-48, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771121

ABSTRACT

Due to the decline of motor ability and the impact of the diseases, abnormalities in gait is common in the elderly population, which will raise the risk of fall and cause serious injury. This study focuses on the analysis of the gait kinematics parameters of normal adults' gait, aiming to investigate the characteristics of gait parameters in different age groups and to explore the role of gait parameters in motor function assessment and clinical diagnosis. Based on the gait data gained by electronic walkway, the relationship among the toe out angles and their correlation with age and gender etc. were quantitatively analyzed. The results show that most normal subjects walk with positive toe out angles, and the angles increase with age. Such changes are slow in the young and middle age groups. However, the elevations of the left out toe angle and the angles between the feet are statistically significant after entering elder age ( >60 years). The results also suggest that the angle between the feet is a kind of practical gait parameter for varying applications. This study concludes that feet angle analysis is potential to provide a convenient and quantitative tool for the assessment of lower limb motor ability and the diagnosis of knee joint diseases.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 937-941, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810274

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To report the first case of lymphomatoid gastropathy in China, and to demonstrate the clinical characteristics, diagnostic approach, treatment and prognosis in this kind of patients.@*Methods@#One patient was diagnosed as lymphomatoid gastropathy at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, and her clinical characteristics, lab data, treatment and follow-up outcomes were reviewed.@*Results@#A case of a 51-year-old female was presented, who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) due to slight epigastric discomfort. EGD revealed multiple ulcers and erosions. Biopsies showed atypical lymphocytes infiltration with CD3(+), CD56(+), CD20(-), CD8(-), TIA(+), Granzyme B(-) and Ki-67 (75%). Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA in situ hybridization was negative. Four months later, repeated EGD examination showed regression of the lesions without specific treatment.@*Conclusion@#Lymphomatoid gastropathy was a unique disease entity mimicking NK/T-cell lymphomas in pathology, with the quite different profile of treatment and prognosis. It’s important to consider this issue during the differential diagnosis to avoid any excessive treatment.

19.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 465-469, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806916

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study clinical characteristics and treatment after colonscopic perforation, and to determine risk factors for postoperative complications.@*Methods@#Cases diagnosed as colonoscopic perforation within 7 days after colonoscopy in Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2010 and January 2017 were reviewed. Data regarding demography (age, sex), clinical information (comorbidities, medication history of glucocorticoid, length of hospital stay), colonoscopy (whether endoscopic therapy or anesthesia was performed, intestinal cleanliness), perforation (region, diagnosing time) and operation (laparotomy or laparoscopic operation, procedure, post-operational complications) were collected. Single factor analysis and Spearman correlation analysis were employed to determine the risk factors of postoperative complications.@*Results@#A total of 14 colonoscopic perforation cases were identified and included in this study, and the overall perforation rate was 0.03%. Most perforations occurred in rectum (2 cases) and sigmoid colon (8 cases). Twelve perforation patients received operational treatment, of who 6 developed postoperative complications, including 3 cases of incision infection, 2 cases of peritoneal infection, 1 case of catheter-related infection and 1 case of pulmonary embolism. Spearman correlation analysis showed that preoperative medication of glucocorticoid and non-rectosigmoid perforation were positively related to postoperative complications (both correlation coefficients were 0.707, P=0.01), while perforation diagnosed immediately and satisfying intestinal cleanliness were negatively related to it (both correlation coefficients were -0.667, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Perforations are rare but severe complications of colonoscopy, and surgical interventions are necessary in most cases. Postoperative complications were significantly related to perforation sites, preoperative medication of glucocorticoid, perforation diagnosis time and intestinal cleanliness.

20.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 154-157,161, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608153

ABSTRACT

Objective T o explore the difference of eye m ovem ent characteristics betw een uncooperative and cooperative subjects w ith m ental disorder after cerebral traum a. Methods T hirty-nine subjects w hich needed psychiatric im pairm ent assessm ent w ere selected. A ccording to the binom ial forced-choice digit m em ory test (BFD M T),allsubjects w ere divided into cooperative and uncooperative groups. The subjects w ere asked to take the im age com pletion test from W echsler adult intelligence scale. M eanw hile, the data of eye m ovem ent track, fixation, saccade, pupil and blink w ere recorded by the track system of eye m ovem ent. Results T here w ere significantly differences (P0.05) betw een tw o groups. A nd the blink frequency of cooperation group w as higher than uncooperative group. Conclusion E ye m ovem ent can be an objective index for the prim ary judgm ent of cooperation level.

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