Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Add filters

Year range
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020188, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142403


Venous aneurysm of the head and neck is a rare clinical entity due to its asymptomatic nature and tendency of clinicians to report only surgical results. Whereas the primary aneurysm of internal jugular vein (IJV) in children is being increasingly recognized, secondary aneurysms of veins of the head and neck in adults, notably the external jugular vein (EJV) aneurysm remains only in anecdotal case reports. We present the case of a 63-year-old previously healthy woman who presented with a gradually progressive right lateral neck swelling over the last 18 months. Following the evaluation, she was diagnosed as a case of isolated spontaneous right-sided EJV aneurysm and was managed by surgical excision of the aneurysm.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Venous Thrombosis/pathology , Jugular Veins/pathology , Aneurysm/pathology
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(4): e2020178, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131846


Atrial myxomas are rare primary cardiac tumours with neurological manifestations being reported in 30% of cases. Though a rare cause of ischemic stroke in young patients, considering it as a possibility in absence of any obvious risk factors can help avoid misdiagnosis at early stages. We present a case of left atrial myxoma in a 36-year-old male with no known co-morbidities, showing an unusual clinical presentation of isolated bilateral painless vision loss. With multiple infarcts on Non Contrast Computerised Tomography (NCCT) and a suspicion of Atrial Myxoma on Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE), patient was successfully managed surgically with confirmation of diagnosis on histopathology.

Humans , Male , Adult , Stroke/etiology , Myxoma , Thrombosis , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Neurologic Manifestations
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-185455


Elderly men presenting with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) constitutes around a third of urological practice with prevalence as high as 10-41 % in men older than 40 years. Its adverse impact on the Quality of Life (QoL) makes it imperative for the clinician to guide therapy based on sound diagnostic principles. Clinical evaluation of LUTS secondary to BPH involves International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) assessment, digital rectal examination (DRE), urodynamics and sonological evaluation of prostate. Our study aims to correlate the grades of prostatomegaly on DRE and prostate volume on sonography with LUTS assessed by IPSS in elderly males.

Autops. Case Rep ; 7(4): 8-17, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-905366


Gelatinous transformation of the bone marrow (GTBM) is a rare hematologic entity, which was first described by Paul Michael in 1930. GTBM is mostly associated with caloric intake/anorexia nervosa, although it also has been described accompanying other pathologic conditions, such as malignancy, systemic lupus erythematosus and HIV infections. Even though the diagnostic features of the hematopoietic tissue, such as hypoplasia, adipose cell atrophy, and deposition of a gelatinous substance in the bone marrow (which stains with Alcian blue at pH 2.5) are quite specific, the underlying pathogenic mechanisms remain poorly understood. Considering the evidence of reversibility­notably in cases of malnutrition and anorexia­this entity should be kept high on cards as a possible differential diagnosis of patients presenting with cytopenias and associated weight loss or starvation, especially in developing countries with nutritionally deprived populations. On an extensive review of the literature aimed at comprehensively addressing the evolution of the GTBM from the past century until now, we conclude that the lack of clinical suspicion and awareness regarding this pathologic entity has led to misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis.

Humans , Bone Marrow Diseases/diagnosis , Delayed Diagnosis/prevention & control , Rare Diseases/diagnosis