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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 204-208, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707918

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between dynamic contrast enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) quantitative parameters and pathological grading in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(SCC). Methods Prospective analysis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma confirmed by electronic gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed. Thirty nine patients who underwent radical resection of esophageal carcinoma with MRI examination one weeks before operation were included. All patients underwent routine chest MRI and DCE-MRI scans, and DCE-MRI quantitative parameters including volume transfer constant (Ktrans), exchange rate constant (Kep) and extravascular extracellular volume fraction(Ve)were measured.Pathological analysis of postoperative specimens,including pathological grading(highly differentiated,moderately differentiated,poorly differentiated,undifferentiated),gross tumor pathological type(ulcerative type,medullary type,fungating type,sclerotic type)and local infiltration degree (T staging) were performed. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to compare the differences of quantitative parameters between different pathological T staging,gross tumor pathological types and pathological grades of DCE-MRI,and a Dunn-Bonferroni test for post hoc comparisons.Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between DCE-MRI parameters and pathological grading of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.The ROC curves was used to evaluate the efficiency of different parameters in the diagnosis of poorly differentiated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Result Among the thirty nine patients, they were divided into three group according to pathological findings: well differentiated (12 patients),moderately differentiated(15 patients)and poorly differentiated group(12 patients);ulcerative type (19 patients), fungating type(10 patients), medullary type(10 patients);T1, 2 stage(16 patients), T3 stage(14 patients), and T4 stage(9 patients). There was no significant difference in the value of Ktrans, Kepand Ve between different T staging groups and different tumor pathological types groups(all P>0.05).The differences of Ktrans, Kepand Vebetween different pathological grading groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were positive correlation between Ktrans, Kep, Veand the pathological grading, rs value were 0.874, 0.672, 0.578 respectively, all P<0.01. The ROC curve area of Ktrans, Kepand Vein the diagnosis of poorly differentiated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was 0.941,0.809 and 0.773 respectively.The diagnostic efficiency of Ktranswas the best.Conclusions The quantitative parameters of DCE-MRI are correlated with the pathological grading of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Ktrans, Kepand Vecan reflect the perfusion characteristics of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 113-118, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707904

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of various diffusion parameters obtained from monoexponential, biexponential and stretched exponential diffusion-weighted imaging models in assessing hepatic fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B(CHB). Methods A total of 52 patients who were diagnosed hepatitis B by the markers of hepatitis and were confirmed by liver biopsy pathology were prospectively recruited between June 2014 and May 2016 in People's Hospital of Henan Province. Concomitantly, 30 healthy volunteers who had no history of hepatitis B and liver dysfunction were enrolled in the control group. All patients underwent multi-b values DWI on a 3.0 T MRI unit. ADC was calculated by using the monoexponential model. True diffusion coefficient(Dt),pseudo diffusion coefficient(Dp)and fraction of perfusion(f)were calculated by using the biexponential model.Distributed diffusion coefficient(DDC)and water molecular diffusion heterogeneity index(α)were calculated by using the stretched exponential model. Liver biopsy specimens were staged according to the degree of hepatic fibrosis (S0 to S4). The Kruskal-Wallis test was employed for the comparison of each parameter among the control group and the fibrosis stage groups. The Mann-Whitney U test was adopted to compare each parameter between fibrosis stage≤S1and≥S2,between≤S2 and≥S3.Spearman rank correlation coefficients were obtained to assess the correlation of the parameters with the fibrosis stages.ROC analysis was used to evaluate the performance of various parameters in predicting stage≥S2 and≥S3.Results The hepatic fibrosis stage distributions were as follows:1 cases with S0,9 cases with S1,22 cases with S2,11 cases with S3,9 cases with S4.ADC,Dt,f and DDC values all showed significant difference among the control group and groups S1,S2,S3,S4(all P<0.05), while Dp and α values showed no significant difference(P>0.05). Dt, DDC and ADC showed a moderate negative correlation with the fibrosis stage(r=-0.630,-0.603 and-0.464,respectively,all P<0.01),and f showed a mild negative correlation with the fibrosis stage(r=-0.379,P<0.05),while Dp and α values showed no correlation with the fibrosis stages(all P>0.05).The ADC, Dt, f and DDC values all showed significant difference between stage≥S2 and≤S1,between stage≥S3 and≤S2(all P<0.05),and the parameter values of the former were greater than those of the latter. While Dp and α values showed no significant difference among both groups(all P>0.05).The AUCs of ADC,Dt,f and DDC values for detecting fibrosis stage ≥S2 were 0.738,0.835,0.740 and 0.831, and the AUCs of ADC, Dt, f and DDC values for detecting fibrosis stage≥S3 were 0.716, 0.811, 0.672 and 0.798. Conclusion The Dt derived from biexponential and DDC derived from stretched exponential DWI could be useful for the staging of hepatic fibrosis in CHB.

3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 439-443, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842729

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer and prostatic calcifications have a high incidence in elderly men. We aimed to investigate the diagnostic capabilities of susceptibility-weighted imaging in detecting prostate cancer and prostatic calcifications. A total number of 156 men, including 34 with prostate cancer and 122 with benign prostate were enrolled in this study. Computed tomography, conventional magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging, and susceptibility-weighted imaging were performed on all the patients. One hundred and twelve prostatic calcifications were detected in 87 patients. The sensitivities and specificities of the conventional magnetic resonance imaging, apparent diffusion coefficient, and susceptibility-filtered phase images in detecting prostate cancer and prostatic calcifications were calculated. McNemar's Chi-square test was used to compare the differences in sensitivities and specificities between the techniques. The results showed that the sensitivity and specificity of susceptibility-filtered phase images in detecting prostatic cancer were greater than that of conventional magnetic resonance imaging and apparent diffusion coefficient (P < 0.05). In addition, the sensitivity and specificity of susceptibility-filtered phase images in detecting prostatic calcifications were comparable to that of computed tomography and greater than that of conventional magnetic resonance imaging and apparent diffusion coefficient (P < 0.05). Given the high incidence of susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) abnormality in prostate cancer, we conclude that susceptibility-weighted imaging is more sensitive and specific than conventional magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging, and computed tomography in detecting prostate cancer. Furthermore, susceptibility-weighted imaging can identify prostatic calcifications similar to computed tomography, and it is much better than conventional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion-weighted imaging.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 505-510, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610959

ABSTRACT

Objective To prospectively determine the feasibility of high-resolution in vivo MR imaging in the evaluation of esophageal carcinoma invasion at 3.0 T.Methods One hundred and eighteen patients with esophageal carcinoma,proven by the gastroscopic biopsy,were prospectively studied using 3.0 T MR.The esophageal specimens were sectioned transversely to keep consistent in the orientation with the MR images,the histopathological stage was made and the thickness of the tumor on the largest diameter of the slice were measured.The MR images were reviewed in the transverse plane.According to the seventh American joint committee on cancer,the MR stage was made and the tumor's thickness was measured.The MR images and the histopathological slices were matched.The staging diagnostic efficacy of the MR imaging was evaluated with the histopathological results as the standard reference,Kappa test was used to compare the stage of MR imaging with that at the histopathological analysis.Bland-Altman scatterplots were used to compare the thickness of tumor measured on the MR images with that at the histopathological measurement.Results Ninety seven cases(82.2%,97/118) of MR stage were accurately made,including 7 T1a,15 T1b,18 T2,25 T3 and 32 T4a cases,furthermore,14 cases were over staged and 7 cased were underestimated.The MR stage was highly consistent with the histopathological stage (Kappa=0.772).The sensitivity for the staging of high-resolution MR imaging at 3.0 T was 58.3%(7/12) to 100.0%(32/32),the specificity was 95.3% (82/86) to 98.1% (104/106),and the accuracy was 91.5% (108/118) to 96.6% (114/118),respectively.Bland-Altman scatterplots demonstrated that the discrepancy of the mean thickness between the value obtained by three radiologists respectively and the histopathological analysis were 2.0,2.6 and 2.1 mm,which demonstrated a good consistency.Conclusion High-resolution MR images obtained at 3.0 T can be used to evaluate the depth of carcinoma invasion and provide excellent diagnostic accuracy for preoperative staging.

5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 136-139, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473516

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of in-flow inversion recovery (IFIR)sequence of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)at 1.5T in diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS).Methods A total of 45 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome diagnosed by surgery or interventional surgery in our institution were enrolled.The prerequisite of the study was that all medical imaging data including MRI and digital subtraction angiography (DSA)should be integrated.Then,the diagnostic accuracy rates between IFIR sequence and DSA were analyzed and compared.Results Of all 45 patients with BCS,40 (88.9%)were diagnosed accurately by IF-IR sequence,including typeⅠa in 10,typeⅠb in 14,typeⅡ in 10 and type Ⅲ in 6.Meanwhile,41 (91.1%)were diagnosed accu-rately by DSA,including typeⅠa in 8,typeⅠb in 14,typeⅡ in 13 and type Ⅲ in 6.No significant difference was showed in diag-nostic accuracy between two imaging methods (P >0.05).Spearman rank correlation analysis revealed that the diagnostic accuracy of IFIR sequence was highly consistent with that of DSA(r =0.853,P <0.001 ).However,there existed significant difference be-tween two methods in accurate diagnosis of typeⅠa and typeⅡ BCS (P <0.05).Conclusion MRI IFIR sequence at 1.5T is highly consistent with DSA in diagnosis and classification of BCS,which can be used as a reliable method of preoperative screening for BCS diagnosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466373

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of cerebral regional glucose metabolism and regional homogeneity (ReHo) and their relation in patients with major depression disorder (MDD) using 18F-FDG PET/CT and functional MRI (fMRI).Methods A total of 18 MDD patients (6 males,12 females,age:(33.00±7.59) years) and 17 healthy controls (6 males,11 females,age:(34.59±8.96) years) underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT and fMRI.The changes of glucose metabolism on PET and ReHo on fMRI were analyzed individually by SPM and ReHo fMRI 1.0 software.Pearson correlation analysis was used.Results Compared with the glucose metabolism of control subjects,those of MDD patients decreased in the bilateral superior,middle and inferior frontal gyri,bilateral superior and middle temporal gyri,bilateral anterior cingulate cortices,bilateral putamina and caudate nuclei and the left pallidum.Meanwhile the glucose metabolism increased in the bilateral hippocampi and the left thalamus.The ReHo in MDD patients decreased in bilateral superior and middle frontal gyri,left pallidum,bilateral putamina,left anterior cingulate cortex,whereas increased ReHo was found in right hippocampus and right thalamus.The SUV of bilateral superior,middle and inferior frontal gyri,bilateral superior and middle temporal gyri,bilateral putamina,left caudate,left pallidum,left anterior cingulate cortex,bilateral hippocampi and bilateral thalami were correlated with ReHo (r =0.51-0.83,all P<0.05).However,no correlation was found between the SUV and ReHo in right caudate and anterior cingulate cortex (r=0.41,0.37; both P>0.05).Conclusion There may be relative characteristic models of abnormal cerebral metabolism and cerebral dysfunction impairment in MDD patients,and the changes of cerebral regional glucose metabolism may be correlated with the changes of ReHo.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 410-413, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467507

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of dynamic contrast?enhanced MRI (DCE?MRI) in the differential diagnosis of glioblastoma and brain metastases. Methods Twenty patients with high grade gliomas and 20 cases patients with brain metastases proved by surgery and pathology were collected, and patients were examined with conventional MRI and DCE?MRI preoperatively. The ROIs were manually placed in solid parts of the tumors and their surrounding tissues to calculate Ktrans, Kep and Ve values. The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values differences for the solid part and surrounding tissues of the two brain tumors were compared by two independent sample t test. The correlation between Ktrans of the solid parts of the two brain tumors and Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of their surrounding tissues were studied by Pearson correlation analysis. Results The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of glioblastoma were(0.258 ± 0.063)min-1,(0.398 ± 0.082)min-1, 0.632±0.084, the Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of brain metastases were(0.233±0.053)min-1,(0.357±0.042)min-1, 0.672±0.113. There were no significant differences between the glioblastoma and brain metastases for Ktrans, Kep and Ve values(t=-1.354,-1.982, 1.276, all P>0.05). The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of surrounding tissues of glioblastoma were(0.093±0.032)min-1,(0.411±0.089)min-1, 0.107±0.021, the Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of surrounding tissues of brain metastases were(0.033±0.010)min-1,(0.204±0.045)min-1, 0.069±0.017. The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of surrounding tissues between glioblastoma and brain metastases had significant difference (t=-7.978,-9.303,-6.203, all P0.05). Conclusion The DCE?MRI can quantitatively display the microvascular permeability and accurately evaluate the damage of blood?brain barrier of glioblastoma and brain metastases, which has an important value in studying biological characteristics and differential diagnosis of the two brain tumors.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3082-3087, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240225

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The diagnosis of liver fibrosis is a difficult task at any time using conventional clinical imaging. Intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) can be used to investigate both diffusion and perfusion changes in tissues. This study was designed to determine the value of IVIM in the diagnosis and staging of liver fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>IVIM examinations were performed on a GE 3.0T MR scanner in 25 patients with liver fibrosis and 25 healthy volunteers as the control group. Patients with liver fibrosis diagnosis were confirmed by pathology and staged on a scale of F0-4. The standard ADC values and the values of a biexponential model (slow ADC (Dslow), fast ADC (Dfast) and fraction of fast ADC (FF)) were measured in three liver regions per person. The mean standard ADC values, Dslow values, Dfast values and FF values from the study group were compared among the right posterior hepatic lobe, right anterior hepatic lobe and medial segment of the left lobe. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves and independent-samples t-tests were used to calculate the mean standard ADC values, Dslow values, Dfast values and FF values from the study group and the control group. Spearman rho correlation analysis was used for the stage of liver fibrosis. The liver fibrosis stages between the groups F0-1 and F2-4, the groups F0-2 and F3-4 were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the liver fibrosis, there was no significant difference in the mean standard ADC values, Dslow values, Dfast values, and FF values obtained from the right posterior hepatic lobe, right anterior hepatic lobe and medial segment of the left lobe. Using ROC analysis, the Area Under the Curve (AUC) values of standard ADC, Dslow, Dfast, FF were all between 0.7 to 0.9. The mean standard ADC values, Dslow values, Dfast values and FF values of the liver in the study group were significantly lower than the values in the control group (P < 0.05). As the stage of the fibrosis increased, the values decreased by Spearman rho correlation analysis. The mean values (standard ADC, Dslow, Dfast, and FF) of liver fibrosis stages between the groups F0-1 and F2-4, the groups F0-2 and F3-4 showed significant differences (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>IVIM can reflect the conditions of perfusion and diffusion in liver fibrosis and thus distinguish between normal liver and liver fibrosis. The IVIM technique may serve as a valuable tool for detecting and characterizing liver fibrosis, and monitoring its progression in a noninvasive manner.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Female , Humans , Liver , Pathology , Liver Cirrhosis , Diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged
9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 912-916, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419151

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),computed tomography (CT) and radiography in the early detection of arthropathies of haemophilia.Methods Prospective studies of 21 joints in 11 patients were studied with X-ray,CT and MR examination. The 21 joints with haemophilia arthropathies were divided into three groups according to Pettersson scoring system.0 point were the first group,<4 points were the second group,≥4 points were the third group.Abnormal imaging findings of osteoporosis,enlarge epiphysis,erosion of cartilage,irregular subchondral surface,narrowing of joints space,joint deformity,subchondral cyst formation,effusion/haemarthrosis of joint,synovial hypertrophy with haemosiderin,deformity of joints were used for all imaging comparison.The results were analysis with Chi-square test.To compare the first group,irregular subchondral surface and the number of subchondral cyst formation of all symptomatic joints were detected by CT and MR,the results were analysis with pair-sample t test.ResultsModerate and severe hemophilic joints were found in 80.95% (17/21)of twenty-one symptomatic joints,and mild hemophilic joints were found in 19.05% (4/21).The detected results were the same in enlarge epiphysis,narrowing of joints space,joint deformity in all joints by radiography,CT and MR.Significant difference in detection of irregular subchondral surface,subchondral cyst formation,effusion/haemarthrosis of joint,were found between radiography with either CT (x2 value 19.06,16.70,4.84,P <0.05 ) or MRI (x2 value 19.06,16.70,7.76,P <0.05),Significant difference in detection of the first group joint irregular subchondral surface and the subchondral cyst formation total number were found between CT and MR ( x2 =3.29,P < 0.05 ). Conclusions MR and CT were superior in detection of the early abnormal changes in evaluating hemophilic arthropathies,however CT could detect more smaller irregular subchondral surface and subchondral cyst formation than MR.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473382

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the differentiated effectiveness of two-dimensional proton MR spectroscopy (2D~1H-MRS) to post-operative recurrent glioma and radiation injury. Methods Conventional MR and 2D~1H-MRS examinations were performed with Siemens 3.0T MR system for patients with recurrent contrast-enhancing lesions at the site of the treated glioma. The metabolite peaks were measured at the regions of enhanced nodule and edema, including N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline-containing compounds (Cho) and creatine (Cr), while the Cho/Cr, Cho/NAA, NAA/Cr ratios were calculated. The new lesions were proved with histo-pathologic examination in 23 patients and clinical-imaging following-up in 12 patients. Recurrent gliomas were found in 20 patients, and radiation injury in 15 patients. Each mean metabolite ratio above was compared between two lesion types. Results At contrast-enhancing regions and edema regions, the mean Cho/Cr and Cho/NAA ratios were all significantly higher in patients with tumor recurrence compared with those with radiation injury. Tthe mean NAA/Cr ratio was significantly lower in patients with tumor recurrence compared with that with radiation injury at contrast-enhancing regions, but no significant difference was found at edema regions. Taking Cho/Cr and (or) Cho/NAA ratios >1.77 based on ROC curves of metabolite ratios as standards, the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy was 90.00% (18/20), 93.33% (14/15) and 91.43% (32/35), respectively. Conclusion 2D~1H-MRS is a valuable method to distinguish postoperative recurrent glioma and radiation injury.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 943-945, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387166

ABSTRACT

Objective To study radiological characteristics of hand-foot-mouth disease(HFMD) in children. Methods The chest X-ray films of 1295 children patients of HFMD were analyzed,for the general X-ray manifestations and the evolution. Results A total of 1427 films was obtained from all patients, in which 1203 cases were normal and 224 cases were abnormal. The interstitial changes characterized the abnormal group, mainly as increased and vague lung markings, increased hilar shadows (137 cases).The parenchyma changes appeared as patchy exudative shadows(49 cases). Short-term dynamic observation was applied in 62 cases, 38 cases pulmonary disease progression manifested as normal and the interstitial type changing into the parenchyma type and the mixed type, the localized type changing into the diffuse type. Conclusions Most children patients of HFMD showed normal chest films, while the abnormal patients were characterized by interstitial and parenchyma pulmonary edema. Serial chest X-ray examination and short-term dynamic observation were important to identify the severe cases and assess patients' condition.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545201

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the manifestations and diagnostic value of MRI for cavernous hemangioma in maxillofacial region.Methods Thirty-one cases of cavernous hemangioma in maxillofacial region proved pathologically were retrospectively analyzed.Results The lesions localized in parotideomasseteric region in 13 cases,in buccal and zygomalicotemporal region in 12 cases,in orbital area in 3 cases and labium in 3 cases.The lesions appeared as ellipse or round-like in 3 cases,fusiform in 2 cases,mass or flat irregular shape in 26 cases.On MRI,20 cases showed long T1 signal intensity,4 cases were slight long T1 and 7 cases were equal T1;on T2WI,27 cases showed high signal intensity and 4 were slight signal intensity.Conclusion The diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma in maxillofacial region can be verified and the shape,the extent of lesion can also be showed by MRI.It provides a reliable basis for clinical diagnosis and operative plan.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-538023

ABSTRACT

Objective To sum up MRI and MR venography features of the dural sinus thrombosis (DST).Methods The findings of MRI and MR venography in 20 patients with DST were retrospectively analysed.Results MRI showed the normal flowing void of the dural sinus disappeared,instead of the abnormal high signal intensities.The easily involved positions respectively were transversal - sigmoid, superior sagittal and straight sinuses. Some cortical drainage and large internal cerebral veins were also involved . MR venography demonstrated that there were no blood flowing in these involved dural sinuses or veins . The locations of these lesions in MRI were same as that in MRV.Conclusion Because the DST can be directly displayed in MRI and MR venography,they are the most reliable methods of non- invasive diagnosis of DST.

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