Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 46
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 879-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996635

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the causes of conversion to thoracotomy in patients with minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) in a surgical team, and to obtain a deeper understanding of the timing of conversion in MIE. Methods     The clinical data of patients who underwent MIE between September 9, 2011 and February 12, 2022 by a single surgical team in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The main influencing factors and perioperative mortality of patients who converted to thoracotomy in this group were analyzed. Results     In the cohort of 791 consecutive patients with MIE, there were 520 males and 271 females, including 29 patients of multiple esophageal cancer, 156 patients of upper thoracic cancer, 524 patients of middle thoracic cancer, and 82 patients of lower thoracic cancer. And 46 patients were converted to thoracotomy for different causes. The main causes for thoracotomy were advanced stage tumor (26 patients), anesthesia-related factors (5 patients), extensive thoracic adhesions (6 patients), and accidental injury of important structures (8 patients). There was a statistical difference in the distribution of tumor locations between patients who converted to thoracotomy and the MIE patients (P<0.05). The proportion of multiple and upper thoracic cancer in patients who converted to thoracotomy was higher than that in the MIE patients, while the proportion of lower thoracic cancer was lower than that in the MIE patients. The perioperative mortality of the thoracotomy patients was not significantly different from that of the MIE patients (P=1.000). Conclusion     In MIE, advanced-stage tumor, anesthesia-related factors,extensive thoracic adhesions, and accidental injury of important structures are the main causes of conversion to thoracotomy. The rate varies at different tumor locations. Intraoperative conversion to thoracotomy does not affect the perioperative mortality of MIE.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 395-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935227

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct the diagnostic model of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and precancerous lesions in endoscopic images based on the YOLOv5l model by using deep learning method of artificial intelligence to improve the diagnosis of early ESCC and precancerous lesions under endoscopy. Methods: 13, 009 endoscopic esophageal images of white light imaging (WLI), narrow band imaging (NBI) and lugol chromoendoscopy (LCE) were collected from June 2019 to July 2021 from 1, 126 patients at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, including low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, ESCC limited to the mucosal layer, benign esophageal lesions and normal esophagus. By computerized random function method, the images were divided into a training set (11, 547 images from 1, 025 patients) and a validation set (1, 462 images from 101 patients). The YOLOv5l model was trained and constructed with the training set, and the model was validated with the validation set, while the validation set was diagnosed by two senior and two junior endoscopists, respectively, to compare the diagnostic results of YOLOv5l model and those of the endoscopists. Results: In the validation set, the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the YOLOv5l model in diagnosing early ESCC and precancerous lesions in the WLI, NBI and LCE modes were 96.9%, 87.9%, 98.3%, 88.8%, 98.1%, and 98.6%, 89.3%, 99.5%, 94.4%, 98.2%, and 93.0%, 77.5%, 98.0%, 92.6%, 93.1%, respectively. The accuracy in the NBI model was higher than that in the WLI model (P<0.05) and lower than that in the LCE model (P<0.05). The diagnostic accuracies of YOLOv5l model in the WLI, NBI and LCE modes for the early ESCC and precancerous lesions were similar to those of the 2 senior endoscopists (96.9%, 98.8%, 94.3%, and 97.5%, 99.6%, 91.9%, respectively; P>0.05), but significantly higher than those of the 2 junior endoscopists (84.7%, 92.9%, 81.6% and 88.3%, 91.9%, 81.2%, respectively; P<0.05). Conclusion: The constructed YOLOv5l model has high accuracy in diagnosing early ESCC and precancerous lesions in endoscopic WLI, NBI and LCE modes, which can assist junior endoscopists to improve diagnosis and reduce missed diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Endoscopy/methods , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Narrow Band Imaging , Precancerous Conditions/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 119-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940628

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Qingfei Jiangmai decoction (QJD) on the content of mercapturic acids in urine in healthy people amid PM2.5 (particles 2.5 microns or less in size) pollution. MethodA total of 84 healthy students of 18-30 years old in Beijing were recruited and they were randomized into the test group (42 in total, with 1 dropout) and control group (42 in total, with 3 dropouts). During the pollution, the test group and the control group respectively took QJD granules and placebo for 7 days (1 bag/time, 2 times/day), and another 7-day intervention with the same drugs was performed at an interval of 4 weeks. The time-activity patterns were recorded during the intervention. On-line solid phase extraction-liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (SPE-LC-MS/MS) was performed to detect the content of PM2.5-related metabolites S-phenylmercapturic acid (SPMA), 3-hydroxypropylmercapturic acid (3-HPMA), 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropylmercapturic acid (HMPMA), N-acetyl-S-(2-nitrile ethyl)-L-cysteine (CEMA), and N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxy ethyl)-L-cysteine (HEMA) in urine before and after intervention. Statistical analysis was followed. ResultThe content of CEMA, HEMA, 3-HPMA, and HMPMA in the test group was all higher after the intervention than before the intervention, with the significant difference in HEMA (P<0.05). After intervention, content of HEMA and SPMA was significantly higher in the test group than in the control group (P<0.05), and the difference in HEMA (Z=-3.614, P<0.01) and HMPMA (Z=-1.988, P<0.05) before and after invention in the test group was significantly larger than that in the control group. After the intervention, HEMA in the test group was significantly higher than that in the control group (F=7.597, P<0.01). ConclusionDuring PM2.5 pollution, QJD can increase the excretion of HEMA, a metabolite of ethylene oxide, in the urine of healthy people in Beijing, and enhance the detoxification process of toxic components in PM2.5, which is of great value in preventing and treating haze-related illnesses.

4.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4081-4087, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847335

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury is one of the diseases with highest disability. Due to the limited regeneration ability of spinal axons, it is difficult to recover and often leads to severe neurological sequelae. Treatment for spinal cord injury has become a hotspot. With the continuous development of biological and molecular biology research, mesenchymal stem cells have been found to possess big potential for treating spinal cord injury, and bring hope for the repair of spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVE: To review the treatment efficacy, property, application, limitations and prospects of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of spinal cord injury. METHODS: Databases of PubMed, Web of Science, WanFang and CNKI were searched for the articles concerning mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of spinal cord injury. The keywords were “spinal cord injury, mesenchymal stem cell” in English and Chinese, respectively. Finally, 85 articles eligible for the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included for result analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Mesenchymal stem cells repair spinal cord injury through a variety of mechanisms. For example, after in vivo transplantation, mesenchymal stem cells differentiate into neurons to replace damaged neurons. They secrete various nutrients through paracrine to regulate the microenvironment of spinal cord injury. Meanwhile, mesenchymal stem cells produce various extracellular matrixes, and provide support for axon regeneration, thus promoting neuronal axon regeneration. Although basic experiments have shown that mesenchymal stem cells exert satisfactory role in the treatment of spinal cord injury, the clinical outcome of mesenchymal stem cells is unsatisfactory. It is necessary to further explore the mechanism of action of mesenchymal stem cells in spinal cord injury.

5.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 549-554, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845159

ABSTRACT

Objective: To synthesize the mammalian target of sirolimus(mTOR)inhibitor Torin2 and optimize the synthetic process. Methods: Starting from p-bromoaniline, the target product was obtained through amino bonding, cyclization, chlorination, bonding with 3-aminotoluene ring, oxidation, cyclization and Suzuki reaction. The synthetic conditions for the key intermediates 3 and 8 as well as the final product Torin2 were optimized by the orthogonal experiment. Results and Conclusion: The structures of the intermediates and the target compound were confirmed by MS and 1H NMR data. The total yield of the target compound synthesis increased from 3% to 18%, and no column chromatography was required for the target compound separation and purification, which thus makes it suitable for industrial production.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 941-950, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827678

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays a contributory role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this review, we summarized the current findings of lncRNAs in RA, including cellular function and the potential mechanisms. Serum lncRNA levels are associated with serum proinflammatory cytokines and disease activity. LncRNAs regulate proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis of RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs), modulate the differentiation of T lymphocytes and macrophages, and affect bone formation-destruction balance of chondrocytes. Besides, lncRNAs are involved in inflammation and cell motivation signaling pathways. In-depth research on lncRNAs may help elucidate the pathogenesis of RA and provides clues for novel treatment targets.

7.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 512-516, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844643

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the protective effect of angiotensin (Ang) (1-7) and the protein expression of intermediate conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (KCa3. 1) in renal fibrosis. Methods: Totally 60 male mice were randomly divided into 5 groups: control group (WT); Ang II group: mice received Ang II [1.4 mg/(kg.d)] by hypodermic injection; Ang II blocker group (Losartan): mice received Ang II [1.4 mg/(kg.d)] and Losartan [40 mg/(kg.d)]by hypodermic injection; Ang (1-7) group; mice received Ang II [1.4 mg/(kg.d)] and Ang (1-7) [0. 14 mg/(kg.d)] by hypodermic injection; diminazene aceturate(DIZE) group: mice received Ang II [1.4 mg/(kg.d)] and DIZE [10 mg/(kg.d)] by hypodermic injection. After 4 weeks of continuous administration, the related indicators were detected. Masson staining was used to detect the collagen content, and Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of collagen type I, collagen type DI and KCa3. 1 channel. Results: Collagen deposition in renal tissue increased significantly after 4 weeks of hypodermic injection of Ang II (n = 12,P<0.01) compared with the WT group, which suggested that the model of renal fibrosis was successfully reproduced. Ang II significantly increased the synthesis of collagen type I and DI (n=6,P<0.01) and increased the expression of Kca3. 1 channel protein (n=6,P< 0. 01) in renal tissues, while Ang (1-7) and ACE2 activator DIZE significantly inhibited those exchanges (n= 12 or 6,P< 0. 01). Conclusion: Ang (1-7) plays a protective role in the process of renal fibrosis, which may be related to the downregulation of KCa3. 1 channel protein expression in renal tissue.

8.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 70-74, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777920

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To analyze the status of health literacy and its relationship with chronic diseases and self-reported health among residents in Qingdao, discuss the influence of health literacy on health status and provide the scientific basis for the development of health education strategies and measures. Methods The stratified multistage and probability proportionate to population size sampling(PPS sampling) method was adopted in this investigation. In 2017, a questionnaire survey was conducted among 16 700 permanent residents aged 15-69 from 10 districts in Qingdao. Results The overall level of health literacy status was 15.92%, the prevalence rate of chronic diseases was 19.31%, the self-reported health proportion of good, fair and poor were 81.68%, 12.12% and 1.71% among residents in Qingdao. Logistic regression analysis showed that, after adjusting for urban and rural areas, gender, age, education, income and occupation, health literacy was a protective factor for people with chronic diseases and self-evaluated health(OR=1.232,P=0.003;OR=1.159,P=0.033). Three aspects of health literacy were correlated with chronic diseases and self-reported health among people (all P<0.05). Conclusions Health literacy is positively correlated with the health status of residents. The improvement of health literacy is an important way to enhance the health status of residents.

9.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 798-801, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851323

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical constituents of Hypericum monogynum. Methods: The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by solvent extraction method, the normal and reverse phase silica gel column chromatography and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography. Results: Six compounds were isolated from the chloroform extract of H. monogynum. Their structures were identified as hypermongone A (1), β-sitosterol (2), 5α,8α-epidioxyergosta-6,22-dien-3β-ol (3), isocudraniaxanthone B (4), betulinic acid (5), and 2-hydroxydiplopterol (6) by the physicochemical properties and modern spectroscopic methods. Conclusion: Compound 1 is a new compound, and compounds 3, 4, and 6 are isolated from H. monogynum for the first time.

10.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 573-575, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772456

ABSTRACT

Acinic cell carcinoma is a relatively rare salivary gland tumor predominantly occurring in the major glands. Therefore, acinic cell carcinoma rarely occurs in the mandible. In this study, a case of primary acinic cell carcinoma of the mandible was reported, and relevant literature was reviewed. The etiology, clinical symptom, image and histological features, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of acinic cell carcinoma in the mandible were discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Acinar Cell , Diagnosis , Mandible , Pathology , Prognosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Diagnosis
11.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 78-82, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694565

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the short-term therapeutic effects of the caudal-to-crainal and medial-to-lateral approaches for laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. Method The clinical data of 124 patients underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomy in the department of gastrointestinal surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical Universitiy from,June 2014 to June 2016,were analyzed retrospectively. According the surgical operation, the patients were divided into two groups,caudal-to-crainal group with 48 patients,and medial-to-lateral group with 76 patients. The characteristics, opertation time, volum of blood loss during operation, the number of lymph node dissection, the rate of conversion to laparotomy,postoperative eating time, postoperative ventilation time, postoperative hospital stay time, postoperative complications of the two groups were analyzed to compare the short-term therapeutic effects. Result No significant differences were found in the sexual distinction, age, BMI,the volume blood loss during the operation, the number of lymph node dissection, the rate of conversion to laparotomy, postoperative eating time, postoperative ventilation time, postoperative hospital stay time, postoperative complications between the two groups (P>0.05).Significant differences were found in the operation time [caudal-to-crainal group vs medial-to-lateral group (123.49 ±14.19 min VS 140.57 ±25.40 min) ] and the blood loss of the operation [caudal-to-crainal group vs medial-to-lateral group (60.63±24.00 ml vs 77.24 ±36.90 ml) ]. Conclusion The caudal-to-crainal approach for laparoscopic right hemicolectomy is more simple, practicable, with less blood loss during the operation and safer, which worth being recommended in right-hemicolectom-surgery.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2271-2276, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483833

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the ability of a metal complex ammonium tetrathiomolybdate (ATTM) to re-lease H2 S and its cytoprotective effect on an oxidative injury model .METHODS:Released H2 S was absorbed in a reaction flask from ATTM dissolved in the cell medium .Staining with dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate or rhodamine 123 fol-lowed by photofluorography was conducted for the observation of reactive oxygen species ( ROS) and mitochondrial mem-brane potential (ΔΨm) levels, respectively.Cell viability and release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from the cells were measured with commercial kits.RESULTS:Similar to another H2S donor GYY4137, ATTM had an ability to release H2S in the cell medium in a dose-dependent manner .Treatment of human skin HaCaT cells with ATTM at concentrations of 25~400 μmol/L didn’ t significantly alter cell viability .Exposure of the cells to ultraviolet rays or a ROS donor H 2 O2 in-creased the intracellular ROS levels .Treatment with 400 μmol/L H2 O2 significantly reduced the viability of HaCaT cells (P<0.01).However, before the treatment with H2O2, pretreatment with ATTM at 100 and 200 μmol/L markedly pre-vented the H2O2-induced cell injury (P<0.01).In addition, the treatment with H2O2 triggeredΔΨm loss (P<0.01) and LDH release from the cells (P<0.01).Prior to suffering from H2O2 injury, the preconditioning with 200 μmol/L ATTM significantly improved ΔΨm levels ( P<0.05 ) and attenuated LDH release from the cells ( P<0.01 ) .CONCLUSION:ATTM is capable of releasing H 2 S and protecting human skin cells against oxidative injury .

13.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 880-884, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250326

ABSTRACT

Recently, several studies showed that gastrointestinal tract may be associated with pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Intestine tight junction protein zonula occluden-1 (ZO-1) is an important component of intestinal barrier which can be degraded by matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9). In our previous study, a significant decline in ZO-1 was observed along with enhanced MMP-9 activity in the duodenum and distal colon of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-intoxicated mice. In this study, the protective effect of simvastatin on ZO-1 was investigated using an MPTP mouse model of PD. Seven days after the end of MPTP application, the expression level of ZO-1 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The protein expression levels of ZO-1 and MMP9 were detected by Western blotting. Meanwhile, MMP-9 activity was analyzed by gelatin zymography. MPTP treatment led to a decrease in the expression of ZO-1, which was accompanied by elevated MMP-9 activity. Treatment with simvastatin could partly reverse the MPTP-induced changes in ZO-1 expression and reduce MMP-9 protein and activity. Taken together, these findings suggest that simvastatin administration may partially reverse the impairment of ZO-1 induced by MPTP via inhibiting the activity of MMP9, fortify the impaired intestinal barrier and limit gut-derived toxins that pass across the intestinal barrier.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Disease Models, Animal , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Parkinson Disease , Metabolism , Simvastatin , Pharmacology , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein
14.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1285-1290, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859914

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To introduce the basic mechanism of coaxial-electrospraying and influencing parameters of preparation process, and review the recent development of preparing core-shell nanoparticles by using coaxial-electrospraying.

15.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 205-211, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290171

ABSTRACT

Histone methylation is one of the most widely studied post-transcriptional modifications. It is thought to be an important epigenetic event that is closely associated with cell fate determination and differentiation. To explore the spatiotemporal expression of histone H3 lysine 4 trimethylation (H3K4me3) and histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) epigenetic marks and methylation or demethylation transferases in tooth organ development, we measured the expression of SET7, EZH2, KDM5B and JMJD3 via immunohistochemistry and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis in the first molar of BALB/c mice embryos at E13.5, E15.5, E17.5, P0 and P3, respectively. We also measured the expression of H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 with immunofluorescence staining. During murine tooth germ development, methylation or demethylation transferases were expressed in a spatial-temporal manner. The bivalent modification characterized by H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 can be found during the tooth germ development, as shown by immunofluorescence. The expression of SET7, EZH2 as methylation transferases and KDM5B and JMJD3 as demethylation transferases indicated accordingly with the expression of H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 respectively to some extent. The bivalent histone may play a critical role in tooth organ development via the regulation of cell differentiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Differentiation , Physiology , DNA-Binding Proteins , Dental Papilla , Embryology , Embryo, Mammalian , Enamel Organ , Embryology , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein , Epigenesis, Genetic , Physiology , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase , Histones , Metabolism , Jumonji Domain-Containing Histone Demethylases , Lysine , Metabolism , Methylation , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Odontogenesis , Physiology , Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Physiology , Tooth Germ , Embryology
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 597-604, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318650

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the analgesic effect of sinomenine on the neuropathic pain rat model induced by SSNI, and discuss its impact on monoamine neurotransmitters in striatal extracellular fluid.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Male SD rats were randomly divided into the sham operation group, the SSNI model group, the gabapentin group (100 mg x kg(-1)), the sinomenine high dose group (40 mg x kg(-1)) and the sinomenine low dose group (20 mg x kg(-1)). Mechanical hyperalgesia and cold pain sensitivity were evaluated by Von Frey hairs and cold spray. Striatum was sampled by microdialysis. High performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detector (HPLC-ECD) were used to detect the content of such neurotransmitters as monoamine neurotransmitters noradrenaline (NE), dopamine (DA), 5-hydroxy tryptamine (5-HT) and their metabolites dihydroxyphenylacetic phenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>SSNI model rats showed significant improvement in mechanical withdrawal threshold and cold pain sensitivity, significant decrease in intracerebral NE and notable increase in DA, 5-HT and their metabolites. Compared with the model group, the sinomenine high dose group showed significant increase in mechanical withdrawal threshold at 60, 90, 180 and 240 min after abdominal administration (P < 0.01), significant decrease in cold pain sensitivity score during 30-240 min (P < 0.05). Sinomenine can significantly up-regulated NE content in striatal extracellular fluid during 45-135 min (P < 0.05), remarkably reduce DA content and DOPAC at 45, 75 and 135 min (P < 0.05), 5-HT content during 45-135 min, DOPAC during 75-165 min (P < 0.05), and 5-HIAA during 45-135 min (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sinomenine has the intervention effect on neuropathic pain in SSNI model rats. Its mechanism may be related to disorder of monoamine neurotransmitters in striatal extracellular fluid.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Analgesics , Pharmacology , Biogenic Monoamines , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Extracellular Fluid , Morphinans , Pharmacology , Neostriatum , Pathology , Neurotransmitter Agents , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sciatic Nerve , Wounds and Injuries , Metabolism , Pathology
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3554-3559, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291327

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the analgesic effect of CQM on photochemically-induced prosopalgia model rats, and discuss its impact on the exciting amino acid neurotransmitter-glutamate (Glu).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Male SD rats were randomly divided into the sham operation group and the prosopalgia group. And the latter was subdivided into the model group, the gabapentin group (100 mg kg(-1)), and the CQM low-dose (35 mg x kg(-1)) and CQM high-dose (70 mg x kg(-1)) groups. The mechanical allodynia test was adopted to evaluate the pain behavior of rats, and reflect the efficacy with the mechanical withdrawal thresholds. The rat striatum extra-cellular fluid was collected by brain micro-dialysis. The Glu level of samples was measured by high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescene detector (HPLC-FLD).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared to the control group, the threshold of the mechanical allodynia of the IoN injury group was decreased significantly (P < 0.05), and the concentration of Glu was increased dramatically (P < 0.05). Compared to the model group, the mechanical allodynia of photochemically-induced prosopalgia model rats increased significantly (P < 0.01), with a notable increase in brain Glu concentration (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, all of mechanical withdrawal thresholds increased. Among them, the CQM high-dose group showed a remarkably growth at three time points (P < 0.05), with the maximum up to (23 +/- 7.3) g. And the gabapentin group showed a remarkably growth at two time points (P < 0.05), with the maximum up to (20.5 +/- 9.2) g. All of the drug groups showed significantly lower Glu concentrations in rat brains than the model group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CQM can ease the mechanical allodynia of photochemically-induced prosopalgia model rats. Its analgesic effect may be related to the decrease of Glu concentrations in striatum extra-cellular fluid.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glutamic Acid , Metabolism , Neurotransmitter Agents , Metabolism , Pain , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Trigeminal Nerve Diseases , Drug Therapy , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1389-1392, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324968

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>As a new electroencephalogram (EEG) signal processing technique for monitoring the depth of anesthesia, entropy consists of two indices: reaction entropy (RE) and state entropy (SE). Our study compared entropy with classical bispectral index (BIS) in reduction of myoelectrical interference and noxious stimuli with EEG signals.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and eighty patients (ASA I-II, 18-60 years old) undergoing scheduled surgeries from seven medical centers were enrolled. Anesthesia induction was managed with propofol via the target-controlled infusion (TCI) system. The results of BIS, RE, SE, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded before anesthesia induction, at the moment of unconsciousness, before and 2 minutes after administration of muscle relaxant, and before and one and three minutes after the tracheal intubation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The values of half maximum effective concentrations (EC50), 5% effective concentrations (EC05) and 95% effective concentrations (EC95) of propofol effect-site concentration at the onset of unconsciousness were 1.2 (1.1-1.3 µg/ml), 2.5 (2.4-2.5 µg/ml) and 3.7 (3.7-3.8 µg/ml), while those of the predicted plasma propofol concentration were 2.8 (2.7-2.9 µg/ml), 3.9 (3.8-3.9 µg/ml) and 4.9 (4.8-5.0 µg/ml), respectively. The values of BIS, SE and RE were 62, 59 and 63 when 50% of patients lost consciousness, and 79, 80, 85 and 42, 37, 44, respectively, when 5% and 95% of patients were unconscious. The values of BIS, RE and SE dropped two minutes after the injection of muscle relaxant, but there were no significant differences between RE and SE. MAP and HR increased visibly, which indicated a reaction to tracheal intubation; the values of BIS, RE and SE, however, did not display any significant changes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This large-sample multicentric study confirmed the values of RE and SE as approximating BIS value, at the onset of unconsciousness during propofol TCI anesthesia. After elimination of myoelectrical activation, all values of RE, SE and BIS decreased significantly and the three indices were less sensitive to noxious stimuli than cardiovascular responses.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anesthesia , Anesthetics, Intravenous , Pharmacology , Blood Pressure , Electroencephalography , Electromyography , Entropy , Heart Rate , Monitoring, Physiologic , Propofol , Blood , Pharmacology
19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 307-309, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305050

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) marker among hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected patients and to reveal its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>To collect the clinical data and sera samples of HBV infected patients and to detect HDAg, Anti-HDV as well as HBV infection markers by means of enzyme-linked immunosorbnent assay. These data combined with clinical diagnostic results and biochemical index were then analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>462 samples of HBV infected patients were collected including 210 HBV carriers without symptom, 175 chronic HBV infections, 35 acute HBV infections and 42 liver fibrosis. The HDV infection rate was 4.8% overall. The highest infection rate of 9.5% was found in the group of liver fibrosis whereas the lower rate of 6.9% was found in HBV chronic carriers. HDV infection rate was 7.8% among the population of 40-60 years old, obviously higher than any other age groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HDV infection was significantly higher in the chronic HBV patients and liver fibrosis patients. Because HDV infection was highly associated with the progress of liver disease, we suggest the screen of HDV markers among hepatitis patients and discriminate whether the patient was co-infected with HDV.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Biomarkers , Blood , Coinfection , Blood , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Hepatitis Antibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B , Blood , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Hepatitis B Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Allergy and Immunology , Physiology , Hepatitis D , Blood , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Hepatitis Delta Virus , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 614-616, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321267

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy and safety of sphincter-preserving procedure with transabdominal intersphincteric resection for ultra-low rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 61 cases with ultra-low rectal cancer (distance from anal verge ranged from 4-5 cm) were analyzed retrospectively. The patients underwent sphincter-preserving procedure with intersphincteric resection and telescopic anastomosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 34 males and 27 females. The mean age was 56.7 years. The inferior border of the tumor was 4 cm above the anal verge in 21 cases, and 5 cm in 40 cases. There 55 patients with rectal adenocarcinoma in this cohort. The tumor was well-differentiated in 24 cases, moderately-differentiated in 29 cases, and poorly-differentiated in 2 cases. There were 6 cases with malignant adenoma. The TNM staging was T1N0M0 in 36 cases, T2N0M0 in 23, and T3N1M0 in 2. The ability to control defecation significantly improved in 1-3 months postoperatively, and returned to normal in 6-12 months. Two patients developed anastomotic leak (3.3%), and 3 anastomotic stenosis (4.9%) postoperatively. Fifty-four patients(88.5%) had follow-up. The median follow-up time was 6.2 years. The local recurrence rate was 5.6%, and the 5-year-survival rate was 73.5%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sphincter-preserving procedure with intersphincteric resection and telescopic anastomosis is a safe and effective procedure for ultra-low rectal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anal Canal , Pathology , General Surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Rectal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL