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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 619-625, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984694

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in the risk stratification of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Methods: HCM patients who underwent CMR examination in Fuwai Hospital between March 2012 and May 2013 were retrospectively enrolled. Baseline clinical and CMR data were collected and patient follow-up was performed using telephone contact and medical record. The primary composite endpoint was sudden cardiac death (SCD) or and equivalent event. The secondary composite endpoint was all-cause death and heart transplant. Patients were divided into SCD and non-SCD groups. Cox regression was used to explore risk factors of adverse events. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to assess the performance and the optimal cut-off of late gadolinium enhancement percentage (LGE%) for the prediction of endpoints. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests were used to compare survival differences between groups. Results: A total of 442 patients were enrolled. Mean age was (48.5±12.4) years and 143(32.4%) were female. At (7.6±2.5) years of follow-up, 30 (6.8%) patients met the primary endpoint including 23 SCD and 7 SCD equivalent events, and 36 (8.1%) patients met the secondary endpoint including 33 all-cause death and 3 heart transplant. In multivariate Cox regression, syncope(HR=4.531, 95%CI 2.033-10.099, P<0.001), LGE% (HR=1.075, 95%CI 1.032-1.120, P=0.001) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (HR=0.956, 95%CI 0.923-0.991, P=0.013) were independent risk factors for primary endpoint; Age (HR=1.032, 95%CI 1.001-1.064, P=0.046), atrial fibrillation (HR=2.977, 95%CI 1.446-6.131, P=0.003),LGE% (HR=1.075, 95%CI 1.035-1.116, P<0.001) and LVEF (HR=0.968, 95%CI 0.937-1.000, P=0.047) were independent risk factors for secondary endpoint. ROC curve showed the optimal LGE% cut-offs were 5.1% and 5.8% for the prediction of primary and secondary endpoint, respectively. Patients were further divided into LGE%=0, 0<LGE%<5%, 5%≤LGE%<15% and LGE%≥15% groups. There were significant survival differences between these 4 groups whether for primary endpoint or secondary endpoint (all P<0.001) and the accumulated incidence of primary endpoint was 1.2% (2/161), 2.2% (2/89), 10.5% (16/152) and 25.0% (10/40), respectively. Conclusion: LGE is an independent risk factor for SCD events as well as all-cause death and heart transplant. LGE is of important value in the risk stratification in patients with HCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Male , Contrast Media , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Gadolinium , Ventricular Function, Left , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Risk Assessment
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2685-2691, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921223

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nitinol-containing devices are widely used in clinical practice. However, there are concerns about nickel release after nitinol-containing device implantation. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of a parylene-coated occluder vs. a traditional nitinol-containing device for atrial septal defect (ASD).@*METHODS@#One-hundred-and-eight patients with ASD were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to either the trial group to receive a parylene-coated occluder (n = 54) or the control group to receive a traditional occluder (n = 54). The plugging success rate at 6 months after device implantation and the pre- and post-implantation serum nickel levels were compared between the two groups. A non-inferiority design was used to prove that the therapeutic effect of the parylene-coated device was non-inferior to that of the traditional device. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel chi-squared test with adjustment for central effects was used for the comparison between groups.@*RESULTS@#At 6 months after implantation, successful ASD closure was achieved in 52 of 53 patients (98.11%) in both the trial and control groups (95% confidence interval (CI): [-4.90, 5.16]) based on per-protocol set analysis. The absolute value of the lower limit of the 95% CI was 4.90%, which was less than the specified non-inferiority margin of 8%. No deaths or severe complications occurred during 6 months of follow-up. The serum nickel levels were significantly increased at 2 weeks and reached the maximum value at 1 month after implantation in the control group (P  0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy of a parylene-coated ASD occluder is non-inferior to that of a traditional uncoated ASD occluder. The parylene-coated occluder prevents nickel release after device implantation and may be an alternative for ASD, especially in patients with a nickel allergy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Catheterization , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Polymers , Prospective Studies , Prosthesis Design , Septal Occluder Device/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Xylenes
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 23-30, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941229

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging feature of clinically diagnosed myocarditis patients with negative endocardial biopsy (EMB) results, and to further demonstrate the diagnostic value of CMR in these patients. Methods: This was a retrospective case series study. Fourteen patients, who were clinically diagnosed as myocarditis according to 2013 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) clinical diagnostic criteria for myocarditis, but with negative EMB results, were enrolled. All patients underwent CMR examinations. The morphological, functional and histological changes of the heart were assessed based on black blood sequence, cine sequence, T2W-STIR sequence and contrast agent late gadolinium enhancement,(LGE). Results: There were 10 males and 4 females in this cohort, the age was (25.6±13.2) years. The interval between symptom onset and CMR was 21 (13, 60) days, and the interval between symptom onset and EMB was 19 (9, 40) days. There were 13 patients with abnormal CMR results including myocardial oedema, fibrosis, decreased ejection fraction, pericardial effusion or increased cardiac chamber dimension. Nine out of 14 patients had CMR morphological and/or functional abnormalities, including 1 case of left atrium enlargement, 1 case of left ventricle enlargement, 3 cases of right ventricle enlargement, 4 cases of increased left ventricular end diastolic volume index. Left ventricular ejection fraction was<50% in three cases, right ventricular ejection fraction was<40% in 5 cases, and pericardial effusion depth>3 mm was detected in 3 cases. Of the 14 patients, 11 had histological changes, of which 6 had T2 ratio≥2. Among the 10 patients (10/14) with positive LGE, the most common patterns were subepicardial LGE of the lateral wall and/or midwall LGE of the septum (n=9); 2 cases showed extensively subendocardial LGE of the left ventricular wall. No LGE involved in the right ventricular wall in the whole cohort. Conclusion: CMR plays a complementary role in the diagnosis of myocarditis in clinically diagnosed myocarditis patients with negative EMB findings.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 922-929, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941201

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the distribution pattern of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in left ventricular free wall of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Methods: A total of 130 consecutive DCM patients who were hospitalized in our hospital, underwent both CMR and CTA examinations and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria including negative results of coronary angiography or coronary CTA, were retrospective included in this study. The LGE pattern, extent and distribution in left ventricular free wall were analyzed. Results: Left ventricular free wall LGE was detected in 56 out of 130 DCM patients. LGE was observed in both septal and free wall in 53 out of 56 patients with LGE (94.6%). Prevalence of NYHA classification Ⅲ/Ⅳ, intraventricular block, paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia, and secondary mitral insufficiency was significantly higher, while left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly lower, left ventricular end-diastolic/systolic volume, left ventricular end-diastolic/systolic volume index and left ventricular end-diastolic diameters values were larger in patients with LGE than without LGE (all P<0.05). In terms LGE pattern among these 56 patients, percent of involved myocardial segments in patients with subepicardial LGE (n=19) was significantly higher than patients with intermural LGE (n=30), patients with transmural LGE (n=21), and patients with subendocardial LGE (n=9)(60.8%(127/209) vs. 32.4%(107/330), 32.5%(75/231), 26.3%(26/99), respectively, all P < 0.01). Transmural LGE was most likely to involve the left ventricular inferior lateral basal (18/21) and mid (13/21) segment, followed by anterior lateral basal (15/21) and mid (11/21) segments and inferior mid segment (9/21). Subepicardial LGE was more likely to occur in the inferior lateral basal (13/19) and mid (16/19) segment, anterior lateral basal (13/19) and mid (15/19) segment, anterior lateral basal (13/19) and mid (15/19) segment, lateral apical (13/19), anterior and inferior mid segment (12/19 and 10/19), and apical segment (15/19 and 10/19). Intermural LGE mostly involved the anterior and inferior basal (19/30, 16/30) and mid (18/30 and 14/30) segment. There were 33 cases of single LGE pattern and 23 cases of multiple LGE pattern. Percent of involved myocardial segments was significantly higher in multiple LGE group than single LGE group (60.9% (154/253) vs. 49.9%(181/363), P = 0.007). Of 130 patients, 23 received heart transplantation, of which 6 patients had septal LGE alone and 17 patients had septal and free wall LGE. The rate of heart transplantation in the latter group was higher (32.1% (17/53)vs. 13.6%(6/44), P=0.034). Conclusions: There are several LGE distribution patterns in left ventricular wall among DCM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media , Gadolinium , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 185-190, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and compare the identification of several DNA barcoding candidate sequences on Illicium difengpi and its fake I. jiadifengpi. Method:Samples from different origins of I. difengpi and I. jiadifengpi, were collect extraction of total DNA,nuclear gene ITS2 sequence,chloroplast rbcL,matK gene sequence were selected for PCR amplification,product purification and sequencing,and CondonCode Aligner V3.7.1 was used to proofread stitching. Result:PCR amplification and sequencing of rbcL sequences of I. difengpi and I. jiadifengpi were not satisfactory. It is assumed that their rbcL sequences were too long with slow evolution,which was unsuitable for interbreeding. The success rate of matK sequencing of I. difengpi and I. jiadifengpi was 0 and 76.8%,which may be because primer standards were different for matK sequences of different groups. The results of PCR amplification and sequencing of ITS2 on I. difengpi and I. jiadifengpi were successful,with the success rate of sequencing was 89.3% and 91.2%. Analysis sequencing results, the total length of ITS2 sequences was 268 bases,and there were 2 variation sites of I. difengpi. The total length of ITS2 sequences was 430 bases,and there were 4 or 3 variation sites of I. jiadifengpi. It shows that ITS2 sequences of I. difengpi and I. jiadifengpi were short and has obvious variability and can be amplify,that ITS2 sequence was better than rbcL and matK sequence in molecular identification of I. difengpi and I. jiadifengpi. Conclusion:DNA barcoding based on ITS2 sequence was a powerful and efficient tool for identification of I. difengpi and its fake I. jiadifengpi.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 341-341, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705377

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE This study aimed to optimize polysaccharides extraction from Urena lobata L.and investigate its antioxidant activity.METHODS The mathematical model was established by re-sponse surface method (RSM) based on the results of single factor experiments, using polysaccha-rides extraction rate as response value,and using the ratio of water to material,cellulase concentra-tion,extraction temperature and time as experimental factors,which was used to screen optimum poly-saccharide extraction conditions from Urena lobata L.. Antioxidant activity of polysaccharides was stud-ied by DPPH and ·OH free radical elimination method. RESULTS The optimum conditions obtained by RSM were as follows:the cellulase level was 10.8 g·L-1,extraction time duration was 72 min,the ra-tio of water to feedstock was 7 mL·g-1,extraction temperature was 43℃,the pH value was 5.0.Under the optimal conditions, there was a difference of less than 5% between predicted extraction rate 13.37% and experimental extraction rate 13.32%. The polysaccharide yield was most significantly af-fected by cellulase concentration,followed by extraction time,water to material ratio and extraction tem-perature.IC50of DPPH and·OH were 1.082 g·L-1and 3.202 mg·L-1,respectively.Antioxidant activity of sample polysaccharides was weaker than those of vitamin C. CONCLUSION The polysaccharide extraction process from Urena lobata L. by cellulase enzymolysis approach was obtained, which was convenient and feasible,and extracted polysaccharides had good free radical scavenging activity.

7.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1006-1010, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703918

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To compare the clinical features and long-term outcomes of patients with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ApHCM) and patients with asymmetric septal hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ASHCM). Methods: Data from 600 patients (300 with ApHCM and 300 with ASHCM) identified in a consecutive single-center cohort between 1996 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The two groups were 1:1 matched by age of diagnosis, gender and the presence of outflow tract obstruction. Clinical features, cardiovascular mortalities, incidence of sudden cardiac death and cardiovascular morbidity (including unexplained syncope, atrial fibrillation, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, progressive heart failure, embolic stroke or transient ischemic attack and myocardial infarction) were compared between the two groups. Results: Forty-two patients (14.0%) had a maximum LV wall thickness of ≥30 mm in the ASHCM group compared to only 11 patients (3.7%) in the ApHCM group (P<0.01). 156 patients in ApHCM group (52.0%)and 168 patients in ASHCM group(56.0%)underwent cardiovascular NMR examination, the incidence of late gadolinium enhancement was significantly lower in ApHCM group than in ASHCM group(26.9% vs 76.2%,P<0.01). The mean follow-up durations for ApHCM and ASHCM were (7.5 ± 4.0) years and (6.6 ± 5.4) years, respectively. The incidence of cardiovascular death (1.0% vs 5.7%), sudden cardiac death (0.33% vs 3.3%) and major adverse cardiovascular event (18.3% vs 40.3%) were significantly lower in the ApHCM group than in the ASHCM group (all P<0.01). Unexplained syncope, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, and progressive heart failure were less common in ApHCM group than in ASHCM group (all P<0.05). Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that late gadolinium enhancement positivity (HR=4.62, 95% CI: 2.28- 68.0, P=0.02) and unexplained syncope (HR=8.56, 95% CI: 2.1-16.6, P<0.01) were independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality. Unexplained syncope was independent predictor for sudden cardiac death (HR=4.40, 95% CI: 1.5-15.2, P=0.02). Conclusions: After eliminating the interference of age at diagnosis, gender and outflow tract obstruction, patients with ApHCM represent a more benign prognosis with a lower incidence of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity than patients with ASHCM.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1390-1396, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301718

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognostic factors of patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma admitted in the Hospital Affiliated to the Academy of Military Medical Science from June 2006 to June 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical features, therapeutic efficacy and prognosis-related factors were clarified.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 84 patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma with complete clinical data were collected, with a median follow-up of 21 months (1-123 months), the overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) were 58.9% and 52.1% years, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that anemia, the copy number of EBV-DNA, LDH level, IPI score, ECOG score, Ann Arbor staging, complete remission after the initial therapy were statistically significant for both OS and PFS of the patients, and chemotherapy regimens were only statistically significant for PFS. Multivariate analysis showed that complete remission after the initial therapy, LDH level and ECOG score were statistically significant for both OS and PFS in patients with NK/T cell lymphoma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LDH level, ECOG score and complete remission after the initial therapy are independent prognostic factors for patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma.</p>

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 320-324, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330966

ABSTRACT

This paper explored the curative effect of combined modality therapy and extended field radiotherapy for early-stage Hodgkin's Lymphoma. 104 cases of early-stage Hodgkin's Lymphoma from Jan 1987 to Dec 2010 in PLA Hospital 307 were retrospectively analyzed, including 76 cases in combined modality therapy group and 28 cases in extended field radiotherapy group, and the long-term efficacy and toxicity of two therapy modalities were evaluated. The results showed that the median survival time of 104 cases was 85.42 months, the complete remission rates of combined modality therapy and extended field radiotherapy groups were 72.4 and 71.4 respectively (P = 0.924); the overall response rates of combined modality therapy and extended field radiotherapy groups were 97.4 and 96.4 respectively (P = 0.779); the 5-year overall survival (OS) rates in the 2 groups were 89.5 and 89.1 respectively, and the 8-year OS rates of the 2 groups were 81.3 and 70.6. No statistical difference was found in above-mentioned 2 groups. Moreover, the 5-year progression free survival (PFS) rates of these 2 groups were 84.2 and 69.0 (P = 0.04), and 8-year PFS rates of these 2 groups were 80.0 and 55.5 (P = 0.04) respectively, the 5-year relapse rates of these 2 groups were 28.1 and 45.6 (P = 0.023) respectively. It is concluded that the combined modality therapy can raise the PFS rate and reduce the relapse rate as compared with extended field radiotherapy for early-stage Hodgkin's Lymphoma, but there is no difference in the overall survival rate between the 2 groups.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Combined Modality Therapy , Hodgkin Disease , Drug Therapy , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1012-1015, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292051

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical and cardiac imaging characteristics of patients with left ventricular apical hypoplasia (LVAH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2008 to January 2012, seven patients [3 male/4 female, age: 6 - 44 (19.9 ± 14.2) years] with LVAH were included in this cohort. Transthoracic echocardiogram was performed in all patients, cardiovascular MRI was performed in 3 patients and cardiovascular CT in another 2 patients. In addition, one LVAH patient underwent cardiac catheterization and angiography examination.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four out of 7 patients complained chest discomfort. Precordial murmur was heard in 3 patients. Atrial fibrillation was evidenced by electrocardiogram in 3 patients. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter [(57.9 ± 11.6) mm] increased while left ventricule (LV) longitudinal diameter reduced in all patients. Left ventricular systolic function was reduced in 2 patients and mean LVEF was (47.6 ± 17.2)%. The interventricular septum bulged towards the right, and the ventricular septum thickness was (7.3 ± 1.2) mm. The papillary muscles were dominant on the flattened LV anteroapical region. The right ventricle elongated and wrapped around the hypoplastic left ventricular apex, and the dimension of right ventricle was (19.7 ± 7.6) mm. Focal fat replacement of the left ventricular apical wall was evidenced in 5 patients underwent cardiovascular MRI or CT examinations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Clinical symptoms are non-specific in LVAH patients. Truncated and spherical LV, abnormal origin of papillary muscles in the flattened LV anterior apex and an elongated right ventricle wrapping around the LV apex as well as focal fat replacement of the left ventricular apical wall are typical imaging characteristics of LVAH.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Diagnostic Imaging , Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Ultrasonography
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 598-602, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263342

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to compare the curative effect, prognosis and safety of different preconditioning regimens for patients who received autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) for malignant lymphoma (ML). The clinical data of 100 ML patients (Sep 1992 to Aug 2010 in 307 Hospital) were retrospectively analyzed, and were divided into two groups by different preconditioning regimens: the high-dose chemotherapy preconditioning group and high-dose chemotherapy/radiotherapy preconditioning group. The overall survival (OS) rate, progress free survival (PFS) rate and adverse effect were analyzed. The results showed that until Feb 2011, the median follow-up was 33.5 months. All patients were engrafted and their hematopoiesis was reconstituted. The median time of WBC recovery up to > 1.0×1.0(9)/L in high-dose chemotherapy preconditioning group and high-dose chemotherapy/radiotherapy preconditioning group were (6.0 ± 0.4) d and (8.2 ± 0.4) d, platelet up to > 20.0×1.0(9)/L in two groups were (7.1 ± 0.8) d and (11.4 ± 2.5) d (P < 0.05). The 3-year OS rate of the two groups were 67.3% and 68.9%. 5-year OS rates of two groups were 62.8% and 60.6%, 10-year OS rates of two groups were 57.6% and 56.2% respectively; 3-year PFS of two group were 63.6% and 63.2%, 5-year of two group were 59.4% and 58.3%, 10-year of two group were 50.8% and 55.3% respectively (P > 0.05). Meanwhile, the incidence of fever, infection, bleeding, secondary cancer between two groups was not significant different (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the hematopoietic reconstitution of high-dose chemotherapy/radiotherapy preconditioning group is later than that of high-dose chemotherapy preconditioning group. However, there is no significant difference in curative effect and prognosis between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Combined Modality Therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lymphoma , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Methods , Transplantation, Autologous
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1005-1009, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269308

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Bare stent implantation in the treatment for native and recurrent coarctation of the aorta (CoA) has become established as an alternative to surgery and balloon angioplasty. However, this modality still encounters significant complications during the procedure and/or follow-up. The covered Cheatham-Platinum (CP) stent commonly used to be chosen as a rescue treatment in these patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of covered CP stent as the primary modality in the treatment for native CoA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-five covered CP stents and 2 bare CP stents were implanted in 25 patients with native CoA. All patients after the intervention were invited for follow-up examinations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The peak systolic gradient across the lesion decreased significantly from a median value of 67.5 mmHg (quartile range, 19.3 mmHg) to 2 mmHg (quartile range, 4.0 mmHg) (P < 0.0001). Stenotic segment diameter increased from a median value of 5.0 mm (quartile range, 1.5 mm) to 17.9 mm (quartile range, 2.5 mm) (P < 0.0001). The median ratio of diameter of the coarctation postprocedure to preprocedure was 4.2 (quartile range, 1.6). All of the CP stents were placed in the suitable position without any acute complications. During a follow-up period of up to 72 months, no complications were encountered. Most of the patients (21/25) were normotensive, apart from four patients requiring antihypertensive medication during the follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The implantation of covered CP stent as the primary modality is safe and effective in the treatment for native CoA in adolescents and adults.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon , Aortic Coarctation , Pathology , Therapeutics , Platinum , Stents , Systole
13.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; (6): 245-249, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643234

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare 99Tcm-MIBI MPI with delayed enhancement MRI (DE-MRI) in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). Methods Forty patients with IDCM were included. They underwent both rest 99Tcm-MIBI myocardial perfusion imaging and DE-MRI within 7 days. 99Tcm-MIBI MPI was performed to identify diffuse or segmental abnormal perfusion patterns including reduced or defect perfusion segments. DE-MRI images were divided into 4 categories: no delayed enhancement, septal, subendocardial and transmural delayed enhancement, x2 test was used for data analysis. Results Diffuse and segmental perfusion abnormality on 99Tcm-MIBI MPI were found in 19 (47.5%) and 21 (52.5%)patients respectively, while DE-MRI enhancement was simultaneously found in 5 patients of the former (5/19, 26.3%) and 18 (18/21, 85.7%) of the latter (x2 =14.401, P<0. 001). For those (n=18) with both segmental perfusion abnormality and DE-MRI enhancement, the number of segments of the 4 DE-MRI respectively. A significant difference was found in the DE-MRI enhancement categories between normal and defect perfusion segments (x2 = 29. 183, P <0.001 ) and between reduced and defect perfusion segments as well (x2 =25. 110, P<0. 001). Conclusions Both diffuse and segmental perfusion abnormalities on 99Tcm-MIBI MPI can be found in patients with IDCM. DE-MRI enhancement is more frequently found in patients with segmental perfusion abnormality.

14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 725-729, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268331

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and outcome of patients with left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-one patients with LVNC evaluated by echocardiography and/or cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) from January 2006 to August 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Coronary angiography or MDCT was performed for detecting coronary artery disease. Predictors of the cardiac events were analyzed by Cox regression analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 31 LVNC patients without CAD and 20 LVNC patients with CAD including single vessel coronary disease in 9 cases, double vessel coronary disease in 3 cases, three vessel coronary disease in 5 cases and left main coronary disease in 3 cases. Coronary artery bypass graft and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were performed in 4 patients. Compared to LVNC patients without CAD, mean age (P = 0.008), incidence of hypertension (65.0% vs. 19.4%, P = 0.001), diabetes mellitus (40.0% vs. 12.9%, P = 0.026) and hyperlipidemia (55.0% vs. 25.8%, P = 0.035) were significantly higher while NT-proBNP level was significantly lower (P = 0.049) in LVNC patients with CAD. Incidence of major cardiac events was similar in LVNC patients with or without CAD. LogNT-proBNP is the independent prognostic factor for adverse cardiac events in patients with LVNC (HR 3.993, 95%CI 1.140 - 13.988, P = 0.030).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Coronary artery disease is common in patients with LVNC and associated with traditional risk factors for CAD. Poor prognosis is associated with increased NT-proBNP but not with CAD in this patient cohort.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiomyopathies , Diagnosis , Pathology , Heart Ventricles , Pathology , Incidence , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium , Diagnosis , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 45-48, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244061

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for differentiation of true from false left ventricular aneurysm in patients after myocardial infraction (MI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-six patients [22 males/4 females, mean age (59.3 ± 9.3) years] with left ventricular aneurysm after MI were imaged with MRI, echocardiography and coronary angiography. The respective findings were compared with surgical pathology results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 24 patients with dyspnea and 15 patients with hypertension. LVEF measured by echocardiography was 36.9% ± 9.1% in this patient cohort. Cardiac MRI showed that the left ventricular end diastolic wall thickness was thinner than 5.5 mm in 24 cases, and between 5.5 to 8 mm in 2 cases. The dimension of left ventricle was (67.8 ± 9.3) mm. Dyskinesia presented in 24 cases, and akinesia in 2 cases. Delayed enhancement was shown in all cases by MRI. Cardiac MRI detected left ventricular true aneurysm in 23 cases, false aneurysm in 3 case and left ventricular thrombi in 7 cases. The diagnosis by magnetic resonance imaging corresponded well to pathological findings. Echocardiography misdiagnosed pseudoaneurysm in 1 patient, and failed to detected left ventricular thrombi in 2 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cardiac MRI could correctly differentiate true from false left ventricular aneurysm in patients after MI.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography , Diagnosis, Differential , Echocardiography , Heart Aneurysm , Diagnosis , Heart Ventricles , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myocardial Infarction , Diagnosis
16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 152-155, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244034

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical characteristics of left ventricular fat replacement.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We identified 45 patients [28M/17F, mean age (51.9 ± 14.7) years] with left ventricular myocardial fat replacement (CT value ≤ -30 Hu) by cardiovascular CT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 45 patients, 25 patients [20M/5F, mean age (61.2 ± 10.4) years]were diagnosed as coronary artery disease (CAD). There was 56%single-vessel disease, 20% double-vessel disease and 24%triple-vessel disease, true left ventricular aneurysm was detected in 3 patients and left ventricular thrombi in 1 patient, the dimension of left ventricle was (54.5 ± 9.4) mm and the LVEF was (51.8 ± 13)% in CAD group. In this group, fat replacement occurred in the region of myocardial infarction and presented as curvilinear band in subendocardial region. The left ventricular wall thickness was lower than 5 mm in 21 cases. The location of fat replacement in CAD group is as follows: apical region in 18 patients, distal septal in 15 patients, distal anterior in 11 patients, mid-septal in 7 patients, mid-anterior in 7 patients and basal in 1 patients. The age of remaining 20 patients (8M/12F) without CAD were (57.8 ± 13.3) years. In the group of non-CAD, dilated cardiomyopathy was diagnosed in 3 patients, atrial septal defect in 1 patient, rheumatic heart disease in 1 patient, there was no structural heart disease in the remaining 15 patients. The dimension of left ventricle was (51.1 ± 9.1) mm and the LVEF was (59.4 ± 13.9)%. In non-CAD group, fat replacement mainly occurred in septal region, presented as curvilinear band in 17 patients and patch in 3 patients. The location of fat replacement in this group is as follows: mid-septal region in 11 patients, distal-septal in 10 patients and apical in 9 patients. The intramural fat replacement was detected in 14 patients: subendocardial fat replacement in 10 patients and both intramural and subendocardial fat replacement in 4 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Left ventricular fat replacement could be documented in CAD patients, non-CAD cardiomyopathy patients and in patients without structural heart disease. Left ventricular fat replacement often positioned in apical region in CAD patients as a consequence of infarct healing while mostly positioned in septal region in non-CAD patients, the definite clinical implication of left ventricular fat replacement in non-CAD patients remains to be clarified.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adipocytes , Cell Biology , Adipose Tissue , Heart Ventricles , Diagnostic Imaging , Myocardial Infarction , Diagnostic Imaging , Myocardium , Cell Biology , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Diagnostic Imaging
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 830-835, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268306

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of the cardiac CT examination for decision making in middle-aged and elderly patients before planned transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cardiac CT was performed in 63 adult patients [18 males, aged from 50 to 77 years, mean age (56.87 ± 5.79) years] with ASD before planned transcatheter ASD closure. Coronary CT angiography was made for detection of associated cardiovascular diseases, followed by 3D reconstruction of ASD for determination of the defect size in the GE-workstation, results were compared between transthoracic echocardiography measurement, CT measurement, and atrial septal defect occluder waist diameter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Cardiac CT identified additional cardiovascular diseases in 14 patients and decision making was changed based on cardiac CT results. Coronary artery stenosis was detected in 8 patients by cardiac CT, and proved by coronary angiography, and all of them were given comprehensive management: percutaneous coronary intervention and transcatheter ASD closure were successively performed in 2 cases, and 1 case was referred to surgery for both coronary artery bypass graft and surgical ASD repair, and 5 patients were given pharmacological management for coronary artery disease besides transcatheter ASD closure. Cardiac CT identified large ASD with insufficient rim tissue in 2 cases and transcatheter closures were abandoned. Cardiac CT screened out 1 case from those with insufficient posterior inferior rim by transthoracic echocardiography, and transcatheter ASD closure was successfully performed. Cardiac CT ruled out ASD in 1 patient. In addition, cardiac CT detected 1 partial abnormal pulmonary vein connection and 1 ductus arteriosus in this cohort. A correlation on ASD measurements was found between CT size and TTE size (r = 0.80, P < 0.01; Y = 0.84X + 8.85, R(2) = 0.63, P < 0.05), and between ASO size and CT size (r = 0.92, P < 0.01;Y = 0.93X + 4.78, R(2) = 0.84, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In middle-aged and elderly patients with ASD for possible transcatheter closure, cardiac CT is valuable on determine ASD size and morphology and could provide incremental information for optimizing clinical management for ASD patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Catheterization , Methods , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 108-111, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341274

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of left ventricular reconstruction on left ventricular wall stress and function in patients with postinfarction left ventricular aneurysm.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>During January 2005 to June 2006, 16 patients [15 male, (56.6 +/- 8.8) years] with postinfarction ventricular aneurysm received left ventricular reconstruction operation on CPB (5 linear repair, 6 endoventricular purse-string suture, 5 endoventricular patch repair) and CABG was also performed in 15 patients. MRI examination was made before and 3 months post operation by Siemens Magnetom Avanto 1.5T MR with routine cine-MRI in combination with late-delayed enhancement sequence. Left ventricular geometric parameters and segmental thickening were obtained with accessory image analysis software. Non-invasive blood pressure was acquired in order to compute ventricular wall stress. The revascularized and unrevascularized segments were defined by comparing the post operation revascularization of the blood-supply coronary artery with preoperative results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 192 segments including 74 unrevascularized segments were analyzed. Segmental thickening were significantly increased while wall stress were significantly reduced in both unrevascularized and revascularized segments 3 months post operation compared to preoperative values (all P < 0.05). The increase of wall thickening was positively correlated with the reduction of wall stress in these segments.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Left ventricular reconstruction plus CABG is associated with reduced left ventricular wall stress and increased myocardial contractive function in patients with postinfarction left ventricular aneurysm.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Heart Aneurysm , General Surgery , Heart Ventricles , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Postoperative Period , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Remodeling
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 392-397, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341206

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To characterize the clinical and cardiac MRI features of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Compared the clinical and MRI features between 25 patients with LVNC and 21 patients with DCM. The MRI derived diastolic left ventricular wall thickness and the number and degree of noncompaction (NC) were evaluated using the 17-segment model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Chest distress, shortness of breath and abnormal ECG were presented in all DCM patients, abnormal ECG was evidenced in 22 LVNC patients and 21 out of 25 LVNC patients presented similar clinical symptoms as DCM patients while the rest 4 LVNC patients were asymptomatic. Left atrial and ventricular dimensions were significantly smaller in LVNC patients compared to DCM patients. The degree of left ventricular (LV) spherical remodeling was significantly greater in patients with DCM (sphericity index, SI = 0.81 +/- 0.06) than in patients with LVNC (SI = 0.74 +/- 0.11, P < 0.05). The LV ejection fraction (LVEF) was significantly higher in patients with LVNC (32.7% +/- 14.2%) than that in patients with DCM (15.0% +/- 5.1%). The number of NC segments in LVNC patients (9 +/- 1) was significantly higher than the number of hypertrabeculation segment in DCM patients (5 +/- 2). The left ventricular apex (the 17th segment) was unexceptionally involved in all LVNC patients, while hypertrabeculation was absent in the 17th segment of DCM patients. The NC was more common in the apical and mid segments (16th, 12th and 11th segments) than in basal and mid septal segments (2nd, 3rd, 8th and 9th segments) in both LVNC and DCM patients. The thickness of compacted myocardium of the segments associated with noncompaction appeared thin in two groups. The wall thickness of noncompaction myocardium segments was thicker in LVNC patients than in DCM patients. The end-diastolic NC/C ratio was, on average, higher in patients with LVNC (3.3 +/- 0.6) than in patients with DCM (1.9 +/- 0.3).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The clinical manifestation is similar while there are significant differences in the morphology and function of left atria and left ventricle between the LVNC and DCM patients. The different distribution and degree of NC were helpful to differentiate LVNC from DCM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiomyopathies , Pathology , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Pathology
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 822-826, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242562

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Transcatheter closure of coronary artery fistula (CAF) has emerged as a successful alternative to surgery. We described our experiences in 10 children patients who were accepted for transcatheter closure of CAF.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten children were 3 - 10 years old (seven males) with CAF who underwent percutaneous transcatheter closure between October 1995 and April 2008. Sites of origin of these fistulas were: right coronary artery in seven, left anterior descending coronary artery in two, and left circumflex coronary artery in one patient. Drainage sites of these fistulas were: right atrium in seven, right ventricle in two and left ventricle in one patient. All of these fistulas were congenital and had only one orificium fistula.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A Cook coil was used in four patients and an Amplatzer patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occluder was used in six patients. Checking the angiogram after the procedure revealed complete occlusion in nine patients (90%) and minimal residual flow in one (10%) patient. Technical success was achieved in all patients. Follow-up studies at short term showed complete abolition of shunt in all patients with no evidence of recanalization leading to recurrence of shunt.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Transcatheter therapy using either Cook coil or Amplatzer PDA occluder is suggested to be a safe and effective method of occlusion. The midterm outcome of the intervention for CAF is satisfactory.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Arterio-Arterial Fistula , Therapeutics , Cardiac Catheterization , Methods , Coronary Vessel Anomalies , Therapeutics , Echocardiography , Treatment Outcome
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