Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 45
Filter
1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2685-2691, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921223

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nitinol-containing devices are widely used in clinical practice. However, there are concerns about nickel release after nitinol-containing device implantation. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of a parylene-coated occluder vs. a traditional nitinol-containing device for atrial septal defect (ASD).@*METHODS@#One-hundred-and-eight patients with ASD were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to either the trial group to receive a parylene-coated occluder (n = 54) or the control group to receive a traditional occluder (n = 54). The plugging success rate at 6 months after device implantation and the pre- and post-implantation serum nickel levels were compared between the two groups. A non-inferiority design was used to prove that the therapeutic effect of the parylene-coated device was non-inferior to that of the traditional device. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel chi-squared test with adjustment for central effects was used for the comparison between groups.@*RESULTS@#At 6 months after implantation, successful ASD closure was achieved in 52 of 53 patients (98.11%) in both the trial and control groups (95% confidence interval (CI): [-4.90, 5.16]) based on per-protocol set analysis. The absolute value of the lower limit of the 95% CI was 4.90%, which was less than the specified non-inferiority margin of 8%. No deaths or severe complications occurred during 6 months of follow-up. The serum nickel levels were significantly increased at 2 weeks and reached the maximum value at 1 month after implantation in the control group (P  0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy of a parylene-coated ASD occluder is non-inferior to that of a traditional uncoated ASD occluder. The parylene-coated occluder prevents nickel release after device implantation and may be an alternative for ASD, especially in patients with a nickel allergy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Catheterization , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Polymers , Prospective Studies , Prosthesis Design , Septal Occluder Device/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Xylenes
2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 935-939, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261454

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>To compare coronary plaque burden, composition, distribution and the degree of coronary artery stenosis in invasive coronary angiography (ICA) diagnosed coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with or without metabolic syndrome (MetS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2008 to June 2011, consecutive patients underwent both coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and ICA within three months were enrolled. Patients with history of previous percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were excluded. Plaque characteristics and maximal luminal diameter stenosis were analyzed on a 16-segment basis as suggested by the American Heart Association classification.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The study population consisted of 872 patients [age (60.2 ± 10.0) years, 72.70% males] including 377 patients with MetS and 495 patients without MetS. The median coronary artery calcium score (CACS) was higher in MetS patients than in non-MetS patients [102 (10, 410) vs. 58 (0, 274) , P < 0.01]. Percentage of patients with no coronary artery calcium was significantly lower in MetS group than in non-MetS group [19.63% (74/377) vs. 30.71% (152/495) , P < 0.01], while percentage of patients with severe coronary calcium (CACS ≥ 1000) were significantly higher in MetS than non-MetS group [8.22% (31/377) vs. 4.65% (23/495) , P = 0.03]. The proportion of patients with 1-vessel disease was lower [23.61% (89/377) vs. 36.77% (182/495), P < 0.01], 2-vessel [29.71% (112/377) vs. 22.83% (113/495), P < 0.05] and 3-vessel disease [35.54% (134/377) vs. 24.44% (121/495) , P < 0.01] were higher in MetS group than in non-MetS group. Calcified plaque of LM and the middle and distal coronary artery were significantly higher in MetS group than in non-MetS group (all P < 0.05) .</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CAD patients with MetS are associated with severer coronary artery calcium deposition and higher percentage of calcified plaque in the middle and distal coronary arteries and severer obstructive coronary vessels.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Coronary Vessels , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Metabolic Syndrome , Diagnostic Imaging , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Diagnostic Imaging , Severity of Illness Index
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 566-568, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318351

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of uric acid on coronary artery calcification in the natural population in Beijing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April to July 2012, 903 subjects from the natural population(aged 37-76 years for men, aged 42-76 years for women)in Xishan community, Beijing, were selected to accept a survey on the risk factors of cardiovascular. Blood tests and CT coronary artery calcium scans were carried out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the 1 Quartile(1 Q), 2 to 3 Quartile(2-3 Q)and 4 Quartile(4 Q)of uric acid levels, the prevalence rates of coronary artery calcium were 37.2% , 45.5% , 60.6% (P<0.001) and the coronary artery calcium scores were (109.7±333.1)AU, (133.9±356.9)AU, (200.8±459.4) AU (P < 0.001)respectively. Data from the univariate logistic regression analysis showed that with the increase of uric acid, the prevalence rates of coronary artery calcium also increased(OR2-3Q = 1.41, 95% CI:1.02-1.95, P = 0.040; OR4Q = 2.60, 95% CI:1.78-3.80, P < 0.001). However, the relationship between uric acid and coronary artery calcium disappeared when using the multivariate logistic regression analysis(OR2-3Q = 0.92, 95% CI: 0.60-1.43, P = 0.713;OR4Q = 1.38, 95% CI:0.80-2.39, P = 0.247).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Uric acid did not seem to be an independent risk factor for coronary artery calcium, although the prevalence and extent of coronary artery calcium increased along with the increasing trend of uric acid.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Epidemiology , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Epidemiology , Pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Uric Acid , Blood , Vascular Calcification , Epidemiology
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4618-4623, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341770

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Little is known about the influence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on coronary artery calcification (CAC) in China. In this article, we aimed to explore the distribution of CAC in populations with and without MetS, and estimate the influence of MetS and its components on CAC in a community-based population of Beijing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1647 local residents of Beijing, age 40-77 years, were recruited for a cardiovascular risk factors survey and were determined fasting plasma glucose (FPG), blood lipids, and 64 multi-detector computed tomography (64-MDCT) coronary artery calcium score (CACS) measurement (Agatston scoring). The distribution of CAC was described, and the influence of MetS components on CAC was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In this population, the prevalence and extent of CAC increased with increasing age and both were higher in MetS subjects compared to nonMetS subjects (all P < 0.05), with the exception of those older than 65 years old. The risk of CAC increased with increasing numbers of MetS components, and the odds ratios for predicting positive CAC in subjects with 1, 2, 3, and = 4 MetS components were 1.60, 1.84, 2.12, and 3.12, respectively (all P < 0.05). Elevated blood pressure, elevated FPG, elevated triglycerides, and overweight increased the risk of CAC, yielding odds ratios of 2.64, 1.67, 1.32, and 1.37, respectively (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In the Beijing community-based population, MetS increases the risk of CAC. The risk of CAC increases with increasing numbers of MetS components. Not only the number, but also the variety of risk factors for MetS is correlated with the risk of CAC. Elevated blood pressure, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia and overweight increase the risk of CAC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Epidemiology , Coronary Artery Disease , Epidemiology , Metabolism , Pathology , Coronary Vessels , Metabolism , Pathology , Metabolic Syndrome , Epidemiology , Metabolism , Pathology , Risk Factors
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1005-1009, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269308

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Bare stent implantation in the treatment for native and recurrent coarctation of the aorta (CoA) has become established as an alternative to surgery and balloon angioplasty. However, this modality still encounters significant complications during the procedure and/or follow-up. The covered Cheatham-Platinum (CP) stent commonly used to be chosen as a rescue treatment in these patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of covered CP stent as the primary modality in the treatment for native CoA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-five covered CP stents and 2 bare CP stents were implanted in 25 patients with native CoA. All patients after the intervention were invited for follow-up examinations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The peak systolic gradient across the lesion decreased significantly from a median value of 67.5 mmHg (quartile range, 19.3 mmHg) to 2 mmHg (quartile range, 4.0 mmHg) (P < 0.0001). Stenotic segment diameter increased from a median value of 5.0 mm (quartile range, 1.5 mm) to 17.9 mm (quartile range, 2.5 mm) (P < 0.0001). The median ratio of diameter of the coarctation postprocedure to preprocedure was 4.2 (quartile range, 1.6). All of the CP stents were placed in the suitable position without any acute complications. During a follow-up period of up to 72 months, no complications were encountered. Most of the patients (21/25) were normotensive, apart from four patients requiring antihypertensive medication during the follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The implantation of covered CP stent as the primary modality is safe and effective in the treatment for native CoA in adolescents and adults.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon , Aortic Coarctation , Pathology , Therapeutics , Platinum , Stents , Systole
6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 830-835, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268306

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of the cardiac CT examination for decision making in middle-aged and elderly patients before planned transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cardiac CT was performed in 63 adult patients [18 males, aged from 50 to 77 years, mean age (56.87 ± 5.79) years] with ASD before planned transcatheter ASD closure. Coronary CT angiography was made for detection of associated cardiovascular diseases, followed by 3D reconstruction of ASD for determination of the defect size in the GE-workstation, results were compared between transthoracic echocardiography measurement, CT measurement, and atrial septal defect occluder waist diameter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Cardiac CT identified additional cardiovascular diseases in 14 patients and decision making was changed based on cardiac CT results. Coronary artery stenosis was detected in 8 patients by cardiac CT, and proved by coronary angiography, and all of them were given comprehensive management: percutaneous coronary intervention and transcatheter ASD closure were successively performed in 2 cases, and 1 case was referred to surgery for both coronary artery bypass graft and surgical ASD repair, and 5 patients were given pharmacological management for coronary artery disease besides transcatheter ASD closure. Cardiac CT identified large ASD with insufficient rim tissue in 2 cases and transcatheter closures were abandoned. Cardiac CT screened out 1 case from those with insufficient posterior inferior rim by transthoracic echocardiography, and transcatheter ASD closure was successfully performed. Cardiac CT ruled out ASD in 1 patient. In addition, cardiac CT detected 1 partial abnormal pulmonary vein connection and 1 ductus arteriosus in this cohort. A correlation on ASD measurements was found between CT size and TTE size (r = 0.80, P < 0.01; Y = 0.84X + 8.85, R(2) = 0.63, P < 0.05), and between ASO size and CT size (r = 0.92, P < 0.01;Y = 0.93X + 4.78, R(2) = 0.84, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In middle-aged and elderly patients with ASD for possible transcatheter closure, cardiac CT is valuable on determine ASD size and morphology and could provide incremental information for optimizing clinical management for ASD patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Catheterization , Methods , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 836-839, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268305

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the diagnostic feature, treatment and prognosis of patients with Cantrell syndrome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical manifestation, diagnosis, operation and follow-up data of 5 patients with Cantrell syndrome were summarized in this retrospective analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The age of the 5 patients was 7 days-76 years, definite diagnosis was made in 3 cases and 2 cases presented feature of incomplete Cantrell syndrome. Three patients with full Cantrell syndrome were correctly diagnosed before operation and confirmed by operation. One patient with incomplete Cantrell syndrome (two-vessel stenosis) received bypass surgery. Another asymptomatic patient with incomplete Cantrell syndrome (apical diverticulum of the left ventricle) does not need operation and is under observation. During follow-up, 1 patient died at 60 months after operation and the remaining 4 patients are alive and well.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>With the development of modern imaging technology, it becomes easy to make correct diagnose Cantrell syndrome before operation. Prognosis is fine post timely operation and related intervention.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Follow-Up Studies , Pentalogy of Cantrell , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 45-48, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244061

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for differentiation of true from false left ventricular aneurysm in patients after myocardial infraction (MI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-six patients [22 males/4 females, mean age (59.3 ± 9.3) years] with left ventricular aneurysm after MI were imaged with MRI, echocardiography and coronary angiography. The respective findings were compared with surgical pathology results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 24 patients with dyspnea and 15 patients with hypertension. LVEF measured by echocardiography was 36.9% ± 9.1% in this patient cohort. Cardiac MRI showed that the left ventricular end diastolic wall thickness was thinner than 5.5 mm in 24 cases, and between 5.5 to 8 mm in 2 cases. The dimension of left ventricle was (67.8 ± 9.3) mm. Dyskinesia presented in 24 cases, and akinesia in 2 cases. Delayed enhancement was shown in all cases by MRI. Cardiac MRI detected left ventricular true aneurysm in 23 cases, false aneurysm in 3 case and left ventricular thrombi in 7 cases. The diagnosis by magnetic resonance imaging corresponded well to pathological findings. Echocardiography misdiagnosed pseudoaneurysm in 1 patient, and failed to detected left ventricular thrombi in 2 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cardiac MRI could correctly differentiate true from false left ventricular aneurysm in patients after MI.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography , Diagnosis, Differential , Echocardiography , Heart Aneurysm , Diagnosis , Heart Ventricles , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myocardial Infarction , Diagnosis
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 152-155, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244034

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical characteristics of left ventricular fat replacement.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We identified 45 patients [28M/17F, mean age (51.9 ± 14.7) years] with left ventricular myocardial fat replacement (CT value ≤ -30 Hu) by cardiovascular CT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 45 patients, 25 patients [20M/5F, mean age (61.2 ± 10.4) years]were diagnosed as coronary artery disease (CAD). There was 56%single-vessel disease, 20% double-vessel disease and 24%triple-vessel disease, true left ventricular aneurysm was detected in 3 patients and left ventricular thrombi in 1 patient, the dimension of left ventricle was (54.5 ± 9.4) mm and the LVEF was (51.8 ± 13)% in CAD group. In this group, fat replacement occurred in the region of myocardial infarction and presented as curvilinear band in subendocardial region. The left ventricular wall thickness was lower than 5 mm in 21 cases. The location of fat replacement in CAD group is as follows: apical region in 18 patients, distal septal in 15 patients, distal anterior in 11 patients, mid-septal in 7 patients, mid-anterior in 7 patients and basal in 1 patients. The age of remaining 20 patients (8M/12F) without CAD were (57.8 ± 13.3) years. In the group of non-CAD, dilated cardiomyopathy was diagnosed in 3 patients, atrial septal defect in 1 patient, rheumatic heart disease in 1 patient, there was no structural heart disease in the remaining 15 patients. The dimension of left ventricle was (51.1 ± 9.1) mm and the LVEF was (59.4 ± 13.9)%. In non-CAD group, fat replacement mainly occurred in septal region, presented as curvilinear band in 17 patients and patch in 3 patients. The location of fat replacement in this group is as follows: mid-septal region in 11 patients, distal-septal in 10 patients and apical in 9 patients. The intramural fat replacement was detected in 14 patients: subendocardial fat replacement in 10 patients and both intramural and subendocardial fat replacement in 4 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Left ventricular fat replacement could be documented in CAD patients, non-CAD cardiomyopathy patients and in patients without structural heart disease. Left ventricular fat replacement often positioned in apical region in CAD patients as a consequence of infarct healing while mostly positioned in septal region in non-CAD patients, the definite clinical implication of left ventricular fat replacement in non-CAD patients remains to be clarified.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adipocytes , Cell Biology , Adipose Tissue , Heart Ventricles , Diagnostic Imaging , Myocardial Infarction , Diagnostic Imaging , Myocardium , Cell Biology , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Diagnostic Imaging
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 164-167, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244031

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical manifestations of patients with pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This retrospective analysis summarized the clinical features of 6 patients with PAH associated with HHT hospitalized at department of cardiology in Cardiovascular Institute and Fuwai Hospital between January 2006 and May 2009.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean age of the 6 patients (3 male) was 34 years (8 - 67 years). Recurrent epistaxis were present in all patients, there were 4 patients with severe PAH and 2 patients with moderate PAH. All of the six patients with PAH associated with HHT were misdiagnosed at the first hospital visit. Clinical symptoms were significantly improved in 4 patients and remained unchanged in 2 patients combined hepatic venous malformation post medical therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Misdiagnosis for patients with PAH associated with HHT is a common phenomenon in daily clinical practice. Patients could benefit from the corresponding medical therapy after the establishment of the correct diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Retrospective Studies , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 822-826, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242562

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Transcatheter closure of coronary artery fistula (CAF) has emerged as a successful alternative to surgery. We described our experiences in 10 children patients who were accepted for transcatheter closure of CAF.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten children were 3 - 10 years old (seven males) with CAF who underwent percutaneous transcatheter closure between October 1995 and April 2008. Sites of origin of these fistulas were: right coronary artery in seven, left anterior descending coronary artery in two, and left circumflex coronary artery in one patient. Drainage sites of these fistulas were: right atrium in seven, right ventricle in two and left ventricle in one patient. All of these fistulas were congenital and had only one orificium fistula.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A Cook coil was used in four patients and an Amplatzer patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occluder was used in six patients. Checking the angiogram after the procedure revealed complete occlusion in nine patients (90%) and minimal residual flow in one (10%) patient. Technical success was achieved in all patients. Follow-up studies at short term showed complete abolition of shunt in all patients with no evidence of recanalization leading to recurrence of shunt.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Transcatheter therapy using either Cook coil or Amplatzer PDA occluder is suggested to be a safe and effective method of occlusion. The midterm outcome of the intervention for CAF is satisfactory.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Arterio-Arterial Fistula , Therapeutics , Cardiac Catheterization , Methods , Coronary Vessel Anomalies , Therapeutics , Echocardiography , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 518-521, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244200

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The study was conducted to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of fibrinolytic therapy for femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thrombolytic therapy with urokinase was applied in 16 children (5 males) with femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization. Patients were given a bolus injection of heparin, 100 U/kg. 30,000-100,000 U boluses of urokinase were injected intravenously, and then a continuous infusion of 10,000-50,000 U/h was started. Transcatheter thrombolysis was performed once previous procedures failed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 16 patients presented lower limbs ischemia after left cardiac catheterizations. The age was (2.6 +/- 1.9) years, the height was (85.3 +/- 13.1) cm, the weight was (11.2 +/- 3.8) kg. Patients with cyanotic and acyanotic congenital heart disease were 2 and 14, respectively. Interventional therapy was performed in 12 patients. Absent arterial pulsations were found in 15 patients and reduced arterial pulsation in 1 patient. Femoral arterial perfusion became normal in all patients (3 after transcatheter thrombolysis, 11 post intravenous thrombolysis and 2 post intravenous heparin). The average doses of heparin and urokinase were (950 +/- 682) U and (295,357 +/- 198,770) U. The average duration of therapy was (7.25 +/- 5.31) h. Mild residual stenosis were found in 2 patients post various treatments.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Fibrinolytic therapy with urokinase is a safe and useful modality for children with femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Cardiac Catheterization , Femoral Artery , Fibrinolytic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Heparin , Therapeutic Uses , Postoperative Complications , Drug Therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy , Thrombosis , Drug Therapy , Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator , Therapeutic Uses
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 781-785, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244147

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>to analyze the clinical data and hypertrophic segments distribution of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>clinical data including signs and symptoms, electrocardiogram and echocardiography were collected. All patients were imaged with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>from March 2004 to March 2007, 225 consecutive patients [163 males, mean age (50.4 ± 14.5) years] with CMR defined HCM were included in this study, positive familial history was obtained in 73 patients, 50 patients were associated with hypertension, 14 patients with coronary artery disease and 5 patients with diabetes mellitus, 28 patients were asymptomatic, 197 patients were symptomatic, and 11 patients with syncope. Electrocardiogram abnormalities occurred in 216 patients. Systolic murmurs were present in 126 patients. Echocardiography examination evidenced left ventricular outflow obstruction in 95 patients, mitral insufficiency in 32 patients, 32.1% segments were hypertrophied, asymmetrical hypertrophy presented in 222 patients and symmetrical hypertrophy in 3 patients. The left atrial dimension was (39.4 ± 8.3) mm, and left ventricular diastolic dimension was (47.8 ± 5.5) mm in this cohort. Apical hypertrophy occurred in 67 patients. The thickness of ventricular septum was (24.3 ± 5.3) mm in obstructive HCM and (21.6 ± 4.6) mm in non-obstructive HCM (P < 0.05). The thickness of hypertrophy apical segment was (15.6 ± 3.4) mm.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HCM in Chinese patients is characterized by the high prevalence among men and late onset of presentation. Combining clinical, electrocardiogram, echocardiographic and CMR results are of importance for correctly diagnosing HCM in daily practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Diagnosis , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myocardium , Pathology
14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1089-1092, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244098

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical and angiographic characteristics of mid-ventricular hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (MV-HOCM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MV-HOCM was diagnosed in 5 patients [3 males, mean age: 16 - 73 (44 ± 22) years]. Left ventricular catheterization and angiography were performed in all patients, and the pressures were recorded in the left ventricular apical chamber, basal chamber, outflow tract and ascending aorta.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of five patients with MV-HOCM, chest discomfort occurred in four patients and syncope in two patients. All patients presented systolic murmur and asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy. The thickness of ventricular septum was 19 - 31 (23.8 ± 5.4) mm, the dimension of left ventricle was 35 - 55 (43.4 ± 7.4) mm and the LVEF was 53% - 70% (64.2% ± 6.9%). Electrocardiogram showed left ventricular hypertrophy with Q waves in all patients, ventricular tachycardia in 1 patient and complete left bundle branch block in 1 patient. Mid-ventricular obstruction was found in all patients and the pressure gradient in mid-ventricle was 45 - 102 (68.6 ± 24.1) mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa). Coronary angiogram documented muscular bridge presented in 1 patient and coronary artery disease in 1 patient. Left ventricular apical aneurysm was seen in 2 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MV-HOCM was a distinguished subtype of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, and left cardiac catheterization and angiography examinations are necessary for confirming diagnosis and guiding related therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angiocardiography , Cardiac Catheterization , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Heart Ventricles , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1006-1009, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244077

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The study was performed to observe the angiocardiographic characteristics of patients post bidirectional Glenn procedure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-eight consecutive patients [24 male/14 female, age 0.9 - 28 (7.8 ± 5.6) years] underwent bidirectional Glenn procedure were included in this study. Postoperative cardiac catheterization and angiocardiography were performed at 2 - 7 (4.1 ± 1.9) years after bidirectional Glenn procedure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 38 patients, pulmonary arterial mean pressure (PAMP) was (14.8 ± 4.5) mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa), the mean pressure of superior vena cava (MPSVC) was (15.4 ± 5.4) mm Hg and no pressure gradient was detected. Elevated pulmonary arterial pressure was evidenced in 9 patients: PAMP was (21.5 ± 2.9) mm Hg and MPSVC was (22.9 ± 5.1) mm Hg. Systemic venous collateral channels (SVCC) were shown in 14 patients and PAMP [(16.7 ± 5.7) mm Hg vs. (13.7 ± 3.4) mm Hg, P < 0.05] and MPSVC [(17.8 ± 7.2) mm Hg vs. (14.0 ± 3.6) mm Hg, P < 0.05] were higher in SVCC patients compared to patients without SVCC. Transcatheter closure was successfully performed in 2 patients. Distribution of SVCC was as follows: Posterior SVCC in 12 patients (associated anterior SVCC in 3 patients and middle SVCC in 1 patient), middle SVCC in 2 patients. Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae were presented in 2 patients. Aortopulmonary collateral arteries were presented in another 2 patients and were successfully occluded percutaneously.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Catheterization and angiocardiography play an important role in recognizing the complications post bidirectional Glenn procedure.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Young Adult , Angiocardiography , Fontan Procedure , Heart Defects, Congenital , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Diagnostic Imaging , Postoperative Period , Pulmonary Artery , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1014-1018, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244076

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the stem cell re-distribution after intra-coronary infusion (ICI) into arrested and beating hearts in a swine myocardial infarction (MI) model using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells were obtained from male swine and labeled with iron oxide during culture. One week after MI in female swine, the survivors were randomly divided into 4 groups. Cardiopulmonary bypass was set up to arrest the heart, and then SPIO labeled male stem cells (1 × 10(8)) were infused through coronary of beating heart (n = 6) and the arrested heart (n = 6). Saline was injected in either the beating or arresting heart as respective controls. Three days later, cell distribution was assessed by T2(*) change with magnetic resonance imaging and Y-chromosome (SRY) was detected with quantitative polymerase chain reaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The reduction of T2(*) values was significantly different in the hearts, spleens, livers and lung between the transplantation groups and the control groups. Only few transplanted cells were localized in the heart and T2(*) values were similar between beating and arrest heart groups [(-7.81 ± 2.03) ms vs. (-6.56 ± 1.72) ms, P > 0.05], while T2(*) value reduction was more significant in the spleen and liver in arrest heart group than in beating heart group [spleen: (-16.72 ± 2.83) ms vs. (-22.18 ± 3.98) ms, P < 0.01, liver: (-2.40 ± 0.44) ms vs. (-5.32 ± 3.40) ms, P < 0.05]. T2(*) value was similar in kidney among the four groups. qRT-PCR detected SRY gene was similar in the heart, less in the spleen and liver while more in the lung in beating heart group compared to arrested heart group. In vitro Prussian blue stained positively transplanted cells were found in the above organs in transplantation group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The majority of stem cells transplanted by ICI would be entrapped by the extracardiac organs. Stem cell transplantation via ICI into the arrested heart does not favor more cells retention in the injured myocardium. Further investigation is needed to optimize the approach of stem cell delivery.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Disease Models, Animal , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Myocardial Infarction , General Surgery , Myocytes, Cardiac , Stem Cells , Swine
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 392-397, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341206

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To characterize the clinical and cardiac MRI features of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Compared the clinical and MRI features between 25 patients with LVNC and 21 patients with DCM. The MRI derived diastolic left ventricular wall thickness and the number and degree of noncompaction (NC) were evaluated using the 17-segment model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Chest distress, shortness of breath and abnormal ECG were presented in all DCM patients, abnormal ECG was evidenced in 22 LVNC patients and 21 out of 25 LVNC patients presented similar clinical symptoms as DCM patients while the rest 4 LVNC patients were asymptomatic. Left atrial and ventricular dimensions were significantly smaller in LVNC patients compared to DCM patients. The degree of left ventricular (LV) spherical remodeling was significantly greater in patients with DCM (sphericity index, SI = 0.81 +/- 0.06) than in patients with LVNC (SI = 0.74 +/- 0.11, P < 0.05). The LV ejection fraction (LVEF) was significantly higher in patients with LVNC (32.7% +/- 14.2%) than that in patients with DCM (15.0% +/- 5.1%). The number of NC segments in LVNC patients (9 +/- 1) was significantly higher than the number of hypertrabeculation segment in DCM patients (5 +/- 2). The left ventricular apex (the 17th segment) was unexceptionally involved in all LVNC patients, while hypertrabeculation was absent in the 17th segment of DCM patients. The NC was more common in the apical and mid segments (16th, 12th and 11th segments) than in basal and mid septal segments (2nd, 3rd, 8th and 9th segments) in both LVNC and DCM patients. The thickness of compacted myocardium of the segments associated with noncompaction appeared thin in two groups. The wall thickness of noncompaction myocardium segments was thicker in LVNC patients than in DCM patients. The end-diastolic NC/C ratio was, on average, higher in patients with LVNC (3.3 +/- 0.6) than in patients with DCM (1.9 +/- 0.3).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The clinical manifestation is similar while there are significant differences in the morphology and function of left atria and left ventricle between the LVNC and DCM patients. The different distribution and degree of NC were helpful to differentiate LVNC from DCM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiomyopathies , Pathology , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Pathology
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 618-621, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236442

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the outcome of patients with perimembranous ventricular septal defects (VSD) after transcatheter closure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Follow up data were analyzed in 445 VSD patients [203 males, (14.2 +/- 6.8) years] underwent transcatheter closure (TCVSD) using Amplatzer occluder or homemade occluder in Fu Wai hospital from November 2002 to November 2007. Left ventriculography and ascending aorta angiography were performed before and after TCVSD. Routine follow-up including electrocardiogram, echocardiography and X-ray were made at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months post TCVSD and followed at 12 months interval thereafter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Mean follow up time was 25.6 months. There was no death during follow up. Procedure was successful in 417 patients (93.7%) and complete closure within 5 years was achieved in 410 patients (98.3%). During follow up, 2 patients developed complete left bundle branch block and left ventricle enlargement. Complete atrioventricular block was evidenced in 3 patients and 2 patients requiring permanent pacemaker implantations. Newly occurred moderate-large aortic valve regurgitation was found in 2 patients. Newly developed moderate-large tricuspid valve regurgitation was found in 2 patients and moderate mitral valve regurgitation was found in 1 patient.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects is effective though this procedure is also associated with limited complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiac Catheterization , Methods , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 976-980, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323957

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the incidence and cause of complications during and after interventional therapy for congenital heart disease (CHD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 1986 to April 2009, 388 out of 6029 patients with CHD developed complications during and post interventional therapy, another 5 patients died post procedure, clinical data from these 393 patients were retrospectively analyzed. The patients with severe functional insufficiency requiring intervention or surgery during and after interventional therapy were classified as severe complications.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall complication rate was 6.44% [7.69% post atrial septal defect occlusion, 4.20% post patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occlusion, 1.31% post percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty, 14.94% post ventricular septal defect occlusion, 3.13% post percutaneous closure of aortopulmonary collaterals, 30.95% post catheter embolotherapy of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations, 12.50% post transcatheter closure of coronary artery fistulae, 20.00% post transcatheter closure of ruptured sinus of Valsava aneurysm, 66.67% post percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty]. The severe complication rate was 0.65%(39/6029). The procedure-related mortality rate was 0.08% (5/6029), 0.26% (2/761) post percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty, 0.05% (1/2070) post PDA occlusion, 9.10% (1/11) post balloon atrial septostomy, 33.33% (1/3) post percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty. Emergency Cardiovascular surgery rate was 0.22% (13/6029). Selective surgery was required in 0.13% (8/6029) of patients post procedure. Two patients (0.03%) received permanent pacemaker implantation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The severe complications and mortality rate of interventional therapy for CHD are relative low. Post procedure follow-up is needed fro monitoring possible procedure-related complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Catheterization , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures , Heart Defects, Congenital , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Incidence , Intraoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 931-934, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279807

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Femoral artery thrombosis is one of the most common complications of catheterizations in infants and young children. This study was conducted to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of thrombolytic therapy for femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thrombolytic therapy with urokinase was carried out in children with femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization. Each patient was given a bolus injection of heparin (100 U/kg). A bolus of urokinase (30,000 - 100,000 U) was injected intravenously, and then a continuous infusion of 10 000 - 50 000 U/h was administered. Transcatheter thrombolysis was performed once previous procedures failed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight patients (aged (3.1 +/- 2.3) years (8 months to 7 years), body weight (13.1 +/- 4.2) kg (7 to 20 kg)) presented lower limbs ischemia after left cardiac catheterizations was performed. Seven patients accepted thrombolytic therapy with urokinase. In 5 patients, peripheral intravenous thrombolysis was successful with restoration of a normal pulse. In the other 3 cases, peripheral intravenous thrombolysis failed, followed by successful transcatheter thrombolysis. The average duration of therapy was (7.25 +/- 5.31) hours (1 - 17 hours). The average doses of heparin and urokinase were (1600 +/- 723) U (800 - 3000 U) and (268 571 +/- 177 240) U (50 000 - 500 000 U), respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in partial thromboplastin time before and during urokinase therapy ((40.6 +/- 22.3) to (49.9 +/- 39.2) seconds). However, the prothrombin time was significantly longer ((12.7 +/- 2.58) to (48.1 +/- 18.6) seconds, P < 0.05). Patency of the target vessel was evaluated in all the patients for 2 weeks and no occlusion recurred.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Thrombolytic therapy with urokinase is a safe and useful modality in children with femoral artery thrombosis after left cardiac catheterization.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Cardiac Catheterization , Femoral Artery , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Fibrinolytic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Heparin , Therapeutic Uses , Radiography , Thrombolytic Therapy , Methods , Thrombosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator , Therapeutic Uses
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL