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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 885-890, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of a modified blood management strategy on blood loss and transfusion rates during outpatient total hip arthroplasty(THA).Methods:The retrospective research was performed in a total of 125 patients (125 hips) who underwent outpatient primary THA from January 2019 to December 2021 at a medical center. According to whether a modified blood management protocol was used or not, all patients were divided into two groups. Group A was used the original perioperative blood management strategies (1 g tranexamic acid, intravenously, 10 minutes before skin incision), and group B was used the modified perioperative blood management strategy (on the basis of the original protocol, 2 g tranexamic acid was sprayed locally in the joint cavity before the incision was closed, 1 g tranexamic acid was injected intravenously 3 hours after surgery, and 1 g tranexamic acid was injected intravenously again on the first day after surgery). There were 52 cases in group A, including 32 males and 20 females, aged 58.5±9.8 years (range, 39-69 years), 13 cases were developmental hip dysplasia (Crowe I°-II°), 24 cases were avascular necrosis of the femoral head, 10 cases were hip osteoarthritis, 3 cases were ankylosing spondylitis involving hip joint, and 2 cases were femoral neck fracture. Among the 73 patients in group B, there were 43 males and 30 females, aged 55.8±10.4 years (range, 42-67 years), including 17 cases of developmental hip dysplasia (Crowe I°-II°), 32 cases of avascular necrosis of the femoral head, 16 cases of hip osteoarthritis, 7 cases of ankylosing spondylitis involving hip joint, and 1 case of femoral neck fracture. Intraoperative blood loss, transfusion, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) events (vascular ultrasound, 2w Postop.), the hemoglobin (Hb) drop, the hematocrit (Hct) drop and other complications were recorded.Results:After using the modified strategy, the intraoperative blood loss was significantly reduced (305.6±38.6 ml vs. 416.2±88.3 ml, t=9.51, P<0.001), and the drop of hemoglobin was significantly decreased (18.1±4.0 g/L vs. 22.3±5.8 g/L, t=4.97, P<0.001). The drop of Hct also decreased significantly (7.3%±0.7% vs. 9.6%±1.3%, t=10.21, P<0.001), and total blood loss decreased significantly (720.6±57.4 ml vs. 919.6±86.3 ml, t=15.49, P<0.001). The hidden blood loss was also significantly lower than that in group A (414.9±71.1 ml vs. 503.5±96.4 ml, t=5.91, P<0.001). One patient (in group A) developed intra-articular hemorrhage 2 h after surgery and was transferred back to the inpatient ward for treatment after transfusion. Three patients (2.4%, 1 in group A and 2 in group B) developed symptomatic anemia and were discharged successfully after conservative treatment. Calf muscular venous thrombosis occurred in 3 patients (2.4%), but no symptomatic deep vein thrombosis occurred in all patients. Conclusion:According to this retrospective research, the use of modified blood management strategy during outpatient THA can further reduce intraoperative blood loss, hidden blood loss and postoperative hematocrit drop, and does not increase the occurrence of perioperative thrombosis-related complications.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 223-229, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993432

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of non-osteotomy total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the treatment of Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).Methods:From Jan 2013 to Sep 2021, 46 patients (46 hips) in our department who underwent total hip arthroplasty without osteotomy for unilateral Crowe IV DDH were retrospectively analyzed, including 6 males and 40 females, with an average age of 41.2±7.2 years (25-61 years). The reduction of the femoral head was achieved successfully through moderate upward-posterior displacement of the movement center, gradual osteotomy of the calcar femorale, proper sinking of the femoral prosthesis and sufficient soft tissue release. The evaluation indexes included the basic condition of the operation (operation time, blood loss, blood transfusion, volume), clinical evaluation (Harris score of hip joint function, patient satisfaction, Trendelenburg sign), imaging evaluation (measurement of limb length and pelvic inclination) and incidence of complications.Results:The mean follow-up time was 72.2±8.8 months (8-101 months). The operation time was 97.2±12 min (84-112 min). The average intraoperative bleeding volume was 550±60 ml (350-850 ml). No patient had periprosthetic infection or fracture, no periprosthetic osteolysis or prosthesis loosening, and no patient needed revision surgery at the last follow-up of all cases. The average HHS score of patients increased from 42.5±12.3 points before surgery to 89.2±10.8 points at the last follow-up, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=19.35, P<0.001). Patient self-rated satisfaction: none was very dissatisfied, 1 patient were less satisfied (2%, 1/46), 4 patients were average (9%, 4/46), 19 patients were relatively satisfied (41%, 19/46), and 22 patients were very satisfied (48%, 22/46). The Trendelenburg sign of 46 cases was positive before operation, and all were negative at the last follow-up. The patients' true leg length discrepancy (LLD) measurement was -2.5±0.6 mm before surgery and 11.5±3.2 mm at the last follow-up ( t=29.17, P<0.05). Patients' perceived LLD was 28.2±5.1 mm before surgery and 3.4±1.4 mm at the last follow-up ( t=32.18, P<0.05). The length of the residual calcar femorale was 3.2±0.4 mm after THA. The limb extended distance of affected limb was 45.2±4.6 mm. The preoperative iliolumbar angle was -6.5°±2.3°, which returned to -0.5°±1.3° at the last follow-up ( F=651.97, P<0.05). Conclusion:For patients with unilateral type IV DDH, non-osteotomy THA is a safe and effective surgical method with simple operation and few complications. It can quickly correct pelvic tilt and lumbar compensatory scoliosis postoperatively.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 313-317, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497960

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS) to diagnose thyroid nodules with different calcifications,and analyze its correlation with age and gender.Methods The image characteristics of high frequency ultrasound and pathological results of 522 patients with calcified thyroid nodules were analyzed retrospectively.CEUS enhancement patterns of different age and gender were observed and compared.Results There were no malignant nodules in patients under the age of 10.In the group of male and female,malignant nodules patients constituted the highest proportion between 40-49years old and a minimal proportion between 10-19 years old.The CEUS for weak enhancement with micro calcifications were mostly malignant nodules;the high or equal enhancement with macrocalcifications were mostly benign nodules.But a part of micro calcifications in young women patients (20 to 29 years old) with high or equal enhancement were mostly malignant nodules.Conclusions The CEUS for weak enhancement with microcalcifications are mostly malignant nodules,but a part of microcalcifications in young women patients (20 to 29 years old) with high or equal enhancement are mostly malignant nodules.

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