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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885609


Objective:To observe the motor capacity of patients early after cardiac surgery using a cardiopulmonary exercise test.Methods:Patients who had performed a cardiopulmonary exercise test within 3 months after cardiac surgery were included in this retrospective study. Patients who took the test within 30 days of the operation formed a discharge group ( n=20), those within 30 to 60 days and 60 to 90 days formed the one month and two month groups ( n=10 for both). The discharge group was further divided into an aortic surgery group ( n=9), a bypass surgery group ( n=6) and a valve surgery group ( n=5) according to their procedure. The exercise capacity of each person was measured in terms of the changes in heart rate and systolic pressure from the resting to the anaerobic threshold stage. Anaerobic threshold, peak oxygen uptake and carbon dioxide ventilation equivalent were also recorded. Results:All of the patients completed the cardiopulmonary exercise test above the anaerobic threshold, and no adverse events such as exercise accidents occurred. At the anaerobic threshold the average heart rate of the discharge group was (8.8±7.1)bpm, significantly lower than the averages of the one month and two months groups: (17.0±5.9) and (18.3±10.5)bpm respectively. The average anaerobic thresholds and peak oxygen uptakes of the 1 month and 2 months groups were not significantly different, but they were all significantly higher than the discharge group′s averages. There were, however, no significant differences among the groups in the average changes in their systolic pressure and carbon dioxide ventilation equivalent. Moreover, the average anaerobic threshold and peak oxygen uptake of the aortic surgery group and the bypass surgery group were significantly lower than the valve surgery group′s averages.Conclusions:Postoperative motor ability after cardiac surgery improves significantly for at least 30 days. Patients who have received aortic or bypass surgery have significantly lower exercise capacity than those after valve surgery.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447547


Objective To investigate the clinical features and incidence of depression in patients with different lo-cations and pathological types of brain tumors. Methods Hamilton Depression Scale (HRSD) was used to assess the de-pression in 140 patients with brain tumor before and after operation. Results The preoperative mean depression rating score was 15.36 ± 6.52 and the prevalence rate of depression was 50 cases (35.7%) in 140 patients with brain tumor. The postoperative mean score of depression was 9.71 ± 5.55 and the prevalence rate of depression was 9 cases (6.4%) in 140 patients with brain tumor. The postoperative depression score and the prevalence rate was significantly decreased after op-eration (P<0.05)(χ2=36.10,P<0.05). The postoperative depression score in either benign or malignant brain tumors was significantly lower after than before operation(all P<0.05)The postoperative depression score in either the left or right or bilateral brain lesions were significantly decreased after than before operation(all P<0.05).Conclusion Pa-tients with brain tumors have different degrees of depression in perioperative. Depression may be associated with brain tu-mour pathological types and lesion sites in patients with brain tumors.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598226


Objective To discuss the timing and procedures of reoperations on the residual aortic dissection after initial ascending aortic operations on Stanford type A aortic dissection.Methods From March 2009 to November 2011,16 consecutive patients(13 males,3 females) underwent reoperations on the residual aortic dissection.The mean age was 44 years(23-61 years),8 cases was associated with Marfan syndrome.The right axillary artery or femoral artery cannulation was used for cardiopulmonary bypass,cerebral protection was achieved by unilateral antegrade brain perfusion and nasopharyngeal temperature was dropped to 20℃-25℃.The Sun's procedure (total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation) was performed in all patients,concomitant procedure include aortic root replacement (Bentall procedune) in 3 patients,aortic root replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting (Bentall + CABG) in 1 patient,the coronary artery anastomotic leakage repair in 1 patient,mitral valve replacement (MVR) in 1 patient.Results The interval between two operations averaged(66 ±40)months.The means of cardiopulmonary bypass,cross clamp and selective cerebral perfusion times were(193 ± 49)minutes,(90 ±28) minutes and(22 ± 10) minutes,respectively.The mean time to tracheal extubation was(17 ± 10) hours.All patients survived from the operation.One patient suffered from temporary left lower limb paralysis and recovered after treatment during follow-up.Computed tomography angiography (CTA)of aorta was performed on each patient before discharged from the hospital:descending aortic true lumen was significantly expanded,thrombosis of false lumen was found near stent graft.The average follow-up time was 17 (3-42) months,one patient died of aortic rupture 3 months later,one patient underwent total thoracoabdominal aorta replacement 6 months later,one patient with descending thoracic aortic dilatation combined with endometrial tear underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair.Conclusion Reoperation should be performed as the following condition:the annual growth rate of residual aortic diameter exceeds 0.5 cm/year,the maximal aortic diameter exceeds 5 cm.The Sun's procedure (total arch replacement with the elephant trunk implantation) is safe and effective in the treatment of residual aortic dissection,low mortality and complications was achieved by it,the mid-and long-term results need the further follow-up.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428644


ObjectiveTo explore the surgical techniques and clinical experiences in treating thoracoabdominal aorta dissecting aneurysm following Sun's procedure.MethodsFrom June 2009 to May 2011,thoracoabdominal aorta replacement was performed in thirteen patients with thoracoabdominal aorta dissecting aneurysm following Sun's procedure in Beijing Anzhen Hospital.Among which,eleven were male,and two were female with a mean age 39.3 years (28 -58 years).All cases were Stanford A aortic dissection,and were underwent Sun's Procedure.The pathogeny of the dissection,ten were Marfan's syndrome,and three were hypertension.Thoracoabdominal aorta dissecting aneurysms were all Crawford type Ⅱ,with the diameter( 5.78 ± 1.00 )cm (4.0 -8.0 cm).All the procedures were performed through combined thoracoabdominal incision via the retroperitoneal approach.And thoracoabdominal aorta was replaced by a tetrafurcate graft with short-time interval circulatory arrest.24 - 30 mm tetrafurcate grafts were selected in all patients.The main graft of the tetrafurcate graft was anastomosed to the elephant truck stent graft.Visceral arteries were joined into a patch and were anastomosed to the other end of the main graft.T6 to T12 intercostal arteries were reconstructed by an 8 mm sidearm.Another 8 mm sidearm was anastomosed to the left renal artery.Both 10 mm sidearms were anastomosed to iliac arteries.Among which,seven were underwent by profound hypothermia with circulatory arrest,and six were underwent off pump with normal temperature.ResultsNo early death.Twelve patients were cured and discharged from hospital.Seven patients were underwent profound hypothermia with circulatory arrest.Among which,one patient had paraplegia,sepsis,pseudomembranous colitis,respiratory failure,and died on 102-day after operation.Another one patient had neurological dysfunction and was cured after six-day's dehydrated treatment.The UFCT showed that the tetrafurcate graft was unobstructed,no distortion,no pseudoaneurysms in all patients.The branch to intercostal arteries was obstructed in three cases,but there were no spinal cord ischemia complications.The mean duration of follow-up was (9.6 ±2.1 ) months (range,1 -24 months),with a follow-up rate of 100%.All the tetrafurcate graft were very well,no obstruction,no distortion and no pseudoaneurysms.There were no cerebral,spiral cord and abdominal viscera ischemia complications in all patients.ConclusionThoracoabdominal aorta replacement after Sun's procedure is simple,and it is helpful to reduce complications.Following Sun's procedure,using tetrafurcate graft with short-time interval circulatory arrest and off pump technique in thoracoabdominal aorta replacement is simple,and it is helpful to reduce complications.