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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Suicidal behaviors are seriously social issues among adolescents in the world. Exposed to smoking and being bullied are risk factors of suicidal behaviors. The present study was aimed to examine the interaction of smoking and being bullied on suicidal behaviors among Chinese adolescents.@*METHODS@#A total of 18,900 students were involved in the questionnaire study, in four cities of China from November 2017 to January 2018. Suicidal behaviors, smoking, and being bullied were measured by self-reported validated instruments. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used to analyze the associations of suicidal ideation (SI)/suicidal plan (SP)/suicidal attempt (SA), smoking, and being bullied.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of smoking, being bullied, SI/SP/SA, were 3.1%, 20.6%, 26.4%, 13.2%, and 5.2% respectively. Interaction analysis indicated that being bullied was associated with a greater increase in the likelihood of suicidal behaviors for adolescents with smoking than for those without smoking.@*CONCLUSIONS@#These finding suggest that smoking exacerbates the association between being bullied and suicidal behaviors. Future research should explore how and why smoking appears to more bully-victims than for those without smoking and how to mitigate it.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adolescent Behavior/psychology , Bullying/psychology , Child , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Prevalence , Smoking/psychology , Students/statistics & numerical data , Suicidal Ideation
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799590

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the interaction of health literacy and second-hand smoke exposure on psychopathological symptoms of middle school students.@*Methods@#From November 2015 to January 2016, 22 628 middle school students from Shenyang of Liaoning Province, Bengbu of Anhui Province, Xinxiang of Henan Province, Ulanqab of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Chongqing Municipality, and Yangjiang of Guangdong Province were enrolled by using the multi-stage cluster convenience sampling method. A questionnaire was used to collect the data including demographic information, health literacy, second-hand smoke exposure, and psychopathological symptoms. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the interaction of health literacy and second-hand smoke exposure on psychopathological symptoms of middle school students.@*Results@#The age of students was (15.36±1.79) years old, of which 10 990 were boys, accounting for 48.6% of total students. The detection rate of psychopathological symptoms was 29.1% (6 581/22 628). The detection rate of psychopathological symptoms in those who were exposed to second-hand smoke was 38.1% (2 401/6 304), which was higher than that in the non-second-hand smoke exposure group [25.6% (4 180/16 324)] (P<0.001). The OR (95%CI) of the interaction between medium and low levels of overall health literacy, low level of interpersonal dimension of health literacy and second-hand smoke exposure was 1.19 (1.15-1.24), 2.00 (1.92-2.10) and 1.59 (1.52-1.66), respectively.@*Conclusion@#There was a positive interaction between middle and low levels of overall health literacy, low level of interpersonal dimension of health literacy and second-hand smoke exposure on psychopathological symptoms of middle school students.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800536

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between the health literacy (HL) and smoking behaviors in middle school students.@*Methods@#From November 2015 to January 2016, middle school students in Shenyang City of Liaoning Province, Bengbu City of Anhui Province, Xinxiang City of Henan Province, Ulanqab City of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Chongqing City and Yangjiang City of Guangdong Province were enrolled by using a multistage stratified cluster sampling method. A total of 23 137 questionnaires were issued and 22 628 questionnaires were valid. A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect demographic information, HL and smoking behaviors. The low, middle, and high-level group were classified according to the tertile of HL score. A multiple logistic regression model was conducted to explore the association between the HL and smoking behaviors.@*Results@#The age of subjects was (15.4±1.8) years old, and HL score was (104.1±18.7) points. The proportion of former smoking, recent smoking and passive smoking was 9.2% (2 071), 2.8% (635) and 27.9% (6 304), respectively. The proportion of former smokers who tried to quit smoking was 50.1% (1 037/2 071). Compared to the high-level HL, the low-level HL increased the risk of former smoking [OR (95%CI): 1.85 (1.61−2.13)], recent smoking [OR (95%CI): 1.68 (1.33−2.14)] and passive smoking [OR (95%CI): 1.34 (1.23−1.46)], and decreased the likelihood of smoking cessation [OR (95%CI): 0.70 (0.53−0.92)], after adjusting for the gender, school type, registered residence, household structure, accommodation type, educational level of patients, and self-reported family economic status.@*Conclusion@#The HL of middle school students was related to their smoking behaviors.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797558

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The epidemiological investigation of donor infection and the investigation of donor-derived infection(DDI)events in kidney transplantation to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of donor infection and donor-derived infection events.@*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 170 donors and corresponding 316 kidney recipients between January 2014 with December 2017, pre-harvest blood, sputum, urine positive and negative culture were systematically recorded. We also collected donors/recipients demographics, transplant characteristics and recipients infection data within one month and focused on patient data of DDI events. Outcomes were followed up 6 months after surgery.@*Results@#Infection rate in 170 donors was 67.6 %, the positive rate of Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria and fungal were 48.3 %, 41.2 % and 10.4 %. Nine of 170 donors were DDI(5.29 %). Positive blood culture, urine culture and donor age were independent risk factors for DDI.@*Conclusions@#The incidence of donor infection is high. Although a few DDI events occur, the survival rate decreased. The positive blood culture and urine culture were important risk factors for the occurrence of DDI events. Therefore, it is necessary to focus on the monitoring of some high-risk strains and donors infected by high-risk infection sites.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791848

ABSTRACT

Objective The epidemiological investigation of donor infection and the investigation of donor-derived infection(DDI)events in kidney transplantation to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of donor infection and donor-derived infection events .Methods We retrospectively reviewed 170 donors and corresponding 316 kidney recipients between January 2014 with December 2017 ,pre-harvest blood ,sputum ,urine positive and negative culture were systematically recorded .We also collected donors/recipients demographics ,transplant characteristics and recipients infection data within one month and focused on patient data of DDI events .Outcomes were followed up 6 months after surgery .Results Infection rate in 170 donors was 67 .6 % ,the positive rate of Gram-negative bacteria ,Gram-positive bacteria and fungal were 48 .3 % ,41 .2 % and 10 .4 % .Nine of 170 donors were DDI(5 .29 % ) .Positive blood culture ,urine culture and donor age were independent risk factors for DDI .Conclusions The incidence of donor infection is high .Although a few DDI events occur ,the survival rate decreased .The positive blood culture and urine culture were important risk factors for the occurrence of DDI events . Therefore ,it is necessary to focus on the monitoring of some high-risk strains and donors infected by high-risk infection sites .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810532

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation of health literacy and mobile phone use dependence with psychopathological symptoms in middle school students.@*Methods@#22 628 middle school students in Shenyang, Bengbu, Xinxiang, Ulanqab, Chongqing and Yangjiang were enrolled by multistage cluster sampling method from November 2015 to January 2016. Chinese Adolescent Interactive Health Literacy Questionnaire (CAIHLQ), Self-rating Questionnaire for Adolescent Problematic Mobile Phone Use (SQAPMPU) and Multidimensional Sub-health Questionnaire of Adolescents (MSQA) were applied to acquire basic characteristics, health literacy, mobile phone use dependence and psychopathological symptoms of subjects. Subjects were classified into three groups, low level (<P25), medium level (P25-P75) and high level (>P75), according to the percentile of the questionnaire score. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the correlation of health literacy, mobile phone with psychopathological symptoms.@*Results@#The students were (15.4±1.8) years old with 10 990 boys (48.6%). The score of health literacy of students were (104.1±18.7) points. The rate of mobile phone use dependence was 25.4% (5 752/22 628) and the rate of psychopathological symptoms was 29.1% (6 581/22 628). Compared with high health literacy level, medium and low health literacy levels were related to psychopathological symptoms, with OR (95%CI) about 2.30 (2.10-2.52) and 5.40 (4.89-5.97), respectively. Compared with mobile phone use independence, mobile phone use dependence was related to psychopathological symptoms, with OR (95%CI) about 3.60(3.37-3.85). The highest rate of psychopathological symptoms occurred in students with mobile phone use dependence and low health literacy level [68.0% (1 345/1 977)], with OR (95%CI) about 19.59 (17.07-22.48).@*Conclusion@#Health literacy and mobile phone use dependence are related factors of psychopathological symptoms in middle school students.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807242

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The purpose of this study was to examine the association between health literacy (HL) and the incidence of injuries in middle school students in China.@*Methods@#From November 2013 to February 2014, middle school students in Liaoning, Henan, and Guangdong provinces, Chongqing municipality, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region were selected by using cluster sampling method. A total of 27 044 questionnaires were issued and 25 378 questionnaires were valid. According to the Chinese Adolescent Interactive Health Literacy Questionnaire (CAIHLQ), scores were conducted a tripartite group. Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between HL and injuries.@*Results@#The scores of CAIHLQ were 103.55±23.91 among 25 378 students. The detection rate of self-injuries and unintentional injuries was 27.5% (n=6 971) and 47.8% (n=12 119). Compared with the students with high HL, the OR (95%CI) values of self-injuries among students with low and middle HL were 2.56 (2.35-2.79) and 1.96 (1.81-2.12). Compared with the students with high HL, the OR (95%CI) values of unintentional injuries among students with low and middle HL were 1.63 (1.53-1.73) and 1.47 (1.37-1.58).@*Conclusion@#The risk of self-injuries and unintentional injuries of middle school students is related to HL.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1549-1554, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738184

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the interaction between health literacy,mobile phone dependence and unintentional injuries in middle school students,and to provide guidance for prevention on unintentional injuries in adolescents.Methods From November 2015 to January 2016,a questionnaire survey was conducted among 22 628 middle school students in Shenyang of Liaoning province,Bengbu of Anhui province,Xinxiang of Henan province,Ulanqab of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,Chongqing and Yangjiang of Guangdong province.Chinese Adolescent Interactive Health Literacy Questionnaire (CAIHLQ),Self-rating Questionnaire for Adolescent Problematic Mobile Phone Use (SQAPMPU),and Unintentional Injuries Assessment Scale and demographic variables were used to measure the health literacy,mobile phone dependence and unintentional injuries among the Chinese middle school students.Results The detection rates of mobile phone dependence and unintentional injuries were 25.4% and 46.7%,respectively.The rates of unintentional injuries of middle school students with mobile phone dependence and with low,medium and high health literacy were 53.6%,44.4% and 48.8%,48.1%,41.7%.Factors as mobile phone dependence,low and middle health literacy were positively related to unintentional injuries (OR=1.452,1.196,1.364).However,the multiplicative interaction between mobile phone dependence and health literacy on unintentional injuries was noticed significant (OR=1.217,95%CI:1.041-1.422).Conclusions Our results showed that the prevalence of unintentional injuries was relatively high in middle school students.Health literacy and mobile phone dependence seemed related to unintentional injuries.Interaction between health literacy and mobile phone dependence on unintentional injuries appeared significant.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1549-1554, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736716

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the interaction between health literacy,mobile phone dependence and unintentional injuries in middle school students,and to provide guidance for prevention on unintentional injuries in adolescents.Methods From November 2015 to January 2016,a questionnaire survey was conducted among 22 628 middle school students in Shenyang of Liaoning province,Bengbu of Anhui province,Xinxiang of Henan province,Ulanqab of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,Chongqing and Yangjiang of Guangdong province.Chinese Adolescent Interactive Health Literacy Questionnaire (CAIHLQ),Self-rating Questionnaire for Adolescent Problematic Mobile Phone Use (SQAPMPU),and Unintentional Injuries Assessment Scale and demographic variables were used to measure the health literacy,mobile phone dependence and unintentional injuries among the Chinese middle school students.Results The detection rates of mobile phone dependence and unintentional injuries were 25.4% and 46.7%,respectively.The rates of unintentional injuries of middle school students with mobile phone dependence and with low,medium and high health literacy were 53.6%,44.4% and 48.8%,48.1%,41.7%.Factors as mobile phone dependence,low and middle health literacy were positively related to unintentional injuries (OR=1.452,1.196,1.364).However,the multiplicative interaction between mobile phone dependence and health literacy on unintentional injuries was noticed significant (OR=1.217,95%CI:1.041-1.422).Conclusions Our results showed that the prevalence of unintentional injuries was relatively high in middle school students.Health literacy and mobile phone dependence seemed related to unintentional injuries.Interaction between health literacy and mobile phone dependence on unintentional injuries appeared significant.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809321

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the relationship between the prevalence of self-reported myopia and outdoor activities among middle school students and to explore the influence factors of the self-reported myopia.@*Methods@#A total of 12 979 participants were recruited from junior and senior middle school students in in Shenzhen, Nanchang, Zhengzhou and Shenyang by random cluster sampling method between December 2015 and March 2016. All participants completed an anonymous questionnaire to collect the information of demographic characteristics, self-reported myopia, outdoor activities, etc. 12 603 out of 12 979 copies of questionnaire were valid. The prevalence of self-reported myopia was compared among middle school students with different characteristics. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the relationship between myopia and outdoor activities.@*Results@#The prevalence of self-reported myopia among middle school students was 69.6% (8 766/12 603); which was separately 52.1% (1 216/2 335) in seventh grader, 61.6% (1 459/2 369) in eighth grader, 69.0%(1 470/2 129) in ninth grader, 80.0% (1 812/2 265) in freshmen, 79.4% (1 622/2 042) in sophomore, and 81.1%(1 187/1 463) in junior. The prevalence of self-reported myopia showed an increasing trend with the increase of grade (χ2=639.67, P<0.001). The prevalence of self-reported myopia was separately 63.5%(4 927/7 756) in non-myopic parents group, 78.0%(2 664/3 415)in either myopic parent group, and 82.1%(1 175/1 432) in both myopic parents group(χ2=328.28, P<0.001). Outdoor activities were associated with self-reported myopia. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of self-reported myopia was significantly increased by always staying at home in extracurricular time among the middle school students (OR=1.58, 95%CI: 1.36-1.82). The risk of self-reported myopia were significantly decreased by always physical exercise and recreational activities after school among middle school students: the ORs were separately 0.67 (95%CI: 0.57-0.78) for physical exercise and 0.77 (95%CI: 0.64-0.92) for recreational activities. After stratified analysis by the parents' myopia status, in non-myopic parents group, exercise and recreational activities after school among middle school students decreased the risk of myopia: the ORs were separately 0.68 (95%CI: 0.55-0.82) for physical exercise and 0.76 (95%CI: 0.61-0.95) for recreational activities; in either myopic parent group, OR(95%CI) were separately 0.65 (0.47-0.90) and 0.68 (0.47-0.98).@*Conclusion@#Outdoor activities was negatively associated with self-reported myopia among middle school students. However, the parents' myopia status may affect the protective effect.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809318

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between adverse experience in childhood, social support, and physical and psychological sub-health status among middle school students in 3 cities in China.@*Methods@#15 278 adolescents were selected as subjects from 20 junior and senior middle schools located in 3 cities of China by stratified cluster sampling method. The survey collected the demographic information, ACEs, social support and physical-psychological status. A total of 14 820 valid questionnaires were retained for analysis. We assessed ACE score (count of six categories of childhood adversity), social support (adolescent social support questionnaire), and the prevalence of two outcomes: physiological and psychological sub-health status. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between adverse childhood experiences, social support, and physiological and psychological sub-health status.@*Results@#The prevalence of physiological and psychological sub-health status were 26.4% (3 917/14 820) and 24.1%(3 572/14 820), respectively. A total of 89.4% (13 247/14 820) reported at least 1 adverse childhood experiences. The rates of physiological and psychological sub-health status were higher among girls (28.1%(2 092/7 443), 26.0%(1 932/7 443)) than boys (24.7%(1 825/7 377), 22.2%(1 640/7 377)). Among adolescents without ACEs, the rate of physiological and psychological sub-health status were 15.4%(243/1 573) and 10.4%(163/1 573), for those with 5-6 ACEs, the rate were 40.9%(636/1 556) and 43.6%(678/1 556). Among adolescents with higher social support, the rate of physiological and psychological sub-health status were 19.9%(724/3 635) and 13.0%(474/3 635) for those with lower social support, the rate of physiological and psychological sub-health status were 35.9%(1 403/3 913) and 39.0%(1 528/3 913). The rates of physiological and psychological sub-health status were higher with more ACE exposure or less social support. At each level of ACE exposure, physiological and psychological sub-health status were less in those with greater social support. For example, among adolescents reporting 5-6 ACEs, those in the lowest tertile of social support increased the risk of physiological sub-health status than those in the highest tertile (adjusted prevalence ratio (95%CI)=1.79 (1.23-2.56)); for those reporting no ACEs, the ratio was 3.04 (1.91-4.83). Among adolescents reporting 5-6 ACEs, those in the lowest tertile of social support increased the risk of psychological sub-health status than those in the highest tertile (adjusted prevalence ratio (95%CI)=3.77 (2.57-5.52)); for those reporting no ACEs, the ratio was 3.97(2.33-6.76).@*Conclusion@#The findings suggest that ACEs should be considered as risk factors for physiological and psychological sub-health status among middle school students. Across a range of exposures to ACEs, less social support was associated with more physiological and psychological sub-health status. Identifying those with ACE exposure who also have lower social support could be used to improve the health of adolescents.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809317

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of neck-shoulder symptoms among middle school students, and to explore its influence factors.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 24 middle schools in Shenyang, Zhengzhou and Shenzhen by purposive sampling method. In each middle school, 3 to 4 classes were selected from each grade all the students in the selected class would be recruited to the survey to investigate the demographic characteristics, neck-shoulder symptoms, physical exercise time, academic stress, screen behavior, sedentary behavior and other information by questionnaire. A total of 10 566 questionnaires were issued and 10 270 valid questionnaires were withdrawn. The prevalence of neck-shoulder symptoms among students were compared by different characteristics. Logistic regression models were applied to examine influencing factors associated with neck-shoulder symptoms.@*Results@#The prevalence of neck-shoulder symptoms among middle school students was 19.2% (1 968/10 270), while it was 22.6% (1 137/5 039) among girls and 15.9% (831/5 231) among boys; the difference showed statistical significance (P<0.001). The prevalence of neck-shoulder symptoms was separately 13.3% (253/1 901) in seventh grade, 16.8% (326/1 942) in eighth grade, 18.5% (299/1 617) in ninth grade, 21.8% (417/1 915) in sophomore, 21.4% (345/1 611) in junior, 25.5% (328/1 284) in senior; the difference showed statistical significance (P<0.001). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that in the last 3 months, students who always playing mobile phone ≥40 min continuously (OR=4.66, 95%CI: 3.95-5.49), watching TV ≥40 min continuously (OR=4.01, 95%CI: 3.39-4.73), using computer ≥40 min continuously (OR=3.61, 95%CI: 3.09-4.23), doing homework ≥60 min continuously (OR=3.25, 95%CI: 2.79-3.79), the average daily sitting time ≥10 h (OR=4.95, 95%CI: 4.25-5.77), and always sitting ≥90 min continuously (OR=5.18, 95%CI: 4.42-6.06) were risk factors of neck-shoulder symptoms.@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of neck-shoulder symptoms was high among middle school students in China, especially girls in senior grades. Long time, high frequency video behaviors and sedentary behaviors were related to the occurrence of neck-shoulder symptoms among middle school students.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2687-2689, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501081

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare aspirin-β-cyclodextrin-PLGA microspheres,and control its quality. METHODS:Aspirin-β-cy-clodextrin inclusion complexes were firstly prepared,and then aspirin-β-cyclodextrin-PLGA microspheres were prepared by emul-sion-solvent evaporation method. The morphology and particle size of microspheres were detected,and entrapment efficiency and accu-mulative release rate were calculated. With entrapment efficiency as index,orthogonal test was adopted to optimize stirring speed,PVA concentration,PVA volume and feed ratio. RESULTS:The optimal formulation was as follows as stirring speed of 4 000 r/min,PVA concentration of 3%(g/100 ml),PVA volume of 30 ml,feed ratio of 1∶10. Prepared microspheres were round and smooth in appear-ance. Entrapment efficiency of the microspheres was (41.79 ± 1.09)%. The diameter were regular and ranged 0.5-127.5 μm. As drug-loaded microspheres degraded,the release of aspirin was slow and its accumulative release rate was 83%within 600 h. CONCLU-SIONS:Aspirin-β-cyclodextrin-PLGA microspheres are prepared successfully with regular morphology and good sustained-release.

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