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1.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 746-752, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical value of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in monitoring left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation.Methods:Between March 2019 and November 2021, 23 consecutive patients from TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital, including 21 cases with dilated cardiomyopathy, 1 case with myocardial noncompaction and 1 case with ischemic cardiomyopathy, underwent HeartCon blood pump, a type of third generation LVAD implantation for severe heart failure. TEE was preformed in all cases before and after cardiopulmonary bypass. The dimensions of left-sided and right-sided cardiac chamber, ventricular function, de-airing, interventricular septal position, inlet cannulae position and the function of device were observed and recorded during LVAD implantation. Paired t test was used for statistical analysis of left-sided and right-sided heart parameters in pre- and post-operative measurements. Results:The left heart was dilated significantly and coexistent with right heart enlargement in some degree before LVAD implantation in total 23 cases. More than moderate mitral regurgitation (MR) in 16 cases and less than moderate MR in 7 cases were present. Mild or trace aortic regurgitation (AR) existed in 13 cases. More than moderate tricuspid regurgitation (TR) in 4 cases and less than moderate TR in 16 cases were observed. Left atrial appendage thrombosis was detected in 2 cases. After LVAD implantation, TEE revealed that the left ventricular end-diastolic diameter reduced significantly (42 mm/m 2 vs 32.8 mm/m 2, P<0.05) and left ventricular ejection fraction increased accordingly (22.2% vs 34.0%, P<0.05). There were no significant differences in right ventricular diameter and fractional area change between pre- and post-operative findings(all P>0.05). The ratio of left ventricular inner diameter to right ventricular inner diameter (2.09 vs 1.69, P<0.05) decreased in total 23 cases after LVAD implantation.Interventricular septal position became neutral position instead of pre-oprative rightward position. The severity of MR decreased in varying degrees in total 23 cases after LVAD implantation. All patients underwent tricuspid valvuloplasty with residual mild regurgitation in 8 cases. Conclusions:HeartCon blood pump can effectively unload the left ventricle with sufficient cardiac output in patients with severe congestive heart failure. TEE plays a major role in the clinical decision making during LVAD implantation, which can evaluate pre-operative cardiac abnormalities, intra-operative air embolism, inlet cannulae position, cannulas patency and cardiac function, especially blood volume status and the balance between double ventricles, which is critical for optimal functioning of the device.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 46-53,80, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884834

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distribution of clinically isolated fungal strains and their resistance to common antifungal drugs in Shandong province.Methods:Through the Shandong Children’s Bacterial & Fungal Drug Resistance Surveillance and Research Collaborative Network, a total of 1 030 fungi were collected in 46 hospitals of Shandong province from January 1 to December 31, 2018. The source and type of strains were analyzed, and antifungal drug sensitivity tests were performed by using the micro-dilution method. Whonet 5.6 and SPSS 22.0 were applied to analyze the data.Results:The overall main strains were Candida albicans (38.74%, 399/1 030), Candida tropicalis (16.99%, 175/1 030) and Candida parapsilosis (16.41%, 169/1 030); the main fungi strains in child patients were C. albicans (52.50%, 63/120), C. parapsilosis (12.50%, 15/120) and C. tropicalis (9.17%, 11/120); the main fungi strains in adult patients were C. albicans (36.37%, 331/910), C. tropicalis (17.03%, 155/910) and C. parapsilosis (15.27%, 139/910). The isolation rate of main Candida strains from January to March and August to December was much higher than that of other months. The drug resistance rates of C. albicans to fluconazole and voriconazole were 7.14% and 7.43%, respectively, and the drug resistance rates to itraconazole were 50.44%. The resistance rates of C. tropicalis to fluconazole, voriconazole and itraconazole were 29.05%, 23.29% and 48.65%, respectively. The sensitivity rates of C. parapsilosi to fluconazole, voriconazole and itraconazole were 93.06%, 93.75% and 94.44%, respectively. Candida glabrata showed a dose-dependent sensitivity rate of 2.33% to fluconazole. Analysis of 244 blood fungi strains showed that non-candida albicans bacteremia accounted for 70.08%. In the pathogen spectrum covering 92.22%, fluconazole was sensitive to 64.65% of the pathogens, voriconazole was 68.88%, and amphotericin B was 88.75%. After quantification, the effective rates of fluconazole, voriconazole and amphotericin B in the clinical treatment of fungal bacteremia were 70.10%, 74.69% and 96.23%, respectively. Among them, the sensitivity rate of voriconazole to C. tropicalis was lower than that of fluconazole. Conclusions:Candida is the main clinical fungus isolates in hospitals of Shandong province. The resistance rate of C. tropicalis to azole antifungal drugs is on the rise, and the sensitivity of other Candida species to clinically used antifungal drugs is basically stable.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 32-45, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacteria isolated from blood culture in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2018 to December 2019. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted with agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 14 778 bacterial strains were collected from 50 hospitals, of which 4 117 (27.9%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 10 661(72.1%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (37.2%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (17.0%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.7%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (8.7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.7%), Enterococcus faecium (3.4%), Acinetobacter baumannii(3.4%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.9%), Streptococci(2.8%) and Enterococcus faecalis (2.3%). The the prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus were 27.4% (394/1 438) and 70.4% (905/1 285), respectively. No glycopeptide-resistant Staphylococcus was detected. More than 95% of S. aureus were sensitive to amikacin, rifampicin and SMZco. The resistance rate of E. faecium to vancomycin was 0.4% (2/504), and no vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis was detected. The ESBLs-producing rates in no carbapenem-resistance E. coli, carbapenem sensitive K. pneumoniae and Proteus were 50.4% (2 731/5 415), 24.6% (493/2001) and 35.2% (31/88), respectively. The prevalence of carbapenem-resistance in E. coli and K. pneumoniae were 1.5% (85/5 500), 20.6% (518/2 519), respectively. 8.3% (27/325) of carbapenem-resistance K. pneumoniae was resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. The resistance rates of A. baumannii to polymyxin and tigecycline were 2.8% (14/501) and 3.4% (17/501) respectively, and that of P. aeruginosa to carbapenem were 18.9% (103/546). Conclusions:The surveillance results from 2018 to 2019 showed that the main pathogens of bloodstream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while E. coli was the most common pathogen, and ESBLs-producing strains were in majority; the MRSA incidence is getting lower in China; carbapenem-resistant E. coli keeps at a low level, while carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae is on the rise obviously.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 413-426, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the bacterial composition and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical isolates from bloodstream infections in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture were collected during January 2020 to December 2020 in member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS). Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted by agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute(CLSI, USA). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 10 043 bacterial strains were collected from 54 hospitals, of which 2 664 (26.5%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 7 379 (73.5%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (38.6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (18.4%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.9%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (7.5%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.9%), Enterococcus faecium (3.3%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.8%), Enterococcus faecalis (2.6%), Acinetobacter baumannii (2.4%) and Klebsiella spp (1.8%). The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus were 27.6% and 74.4%, respectively. No glycopeptide- and daptomycin-resistant Staphylococci were detected. More than 95% of Staphylococcus aureus were sensitive to rifampicin and SMZco. No vancomycin-resistant Enterococci strains were detected. Extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis were 48.4%, 23.6% and 36.1%, respectively. The prevalence rates of carbapenem-resistance in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 2.3% and 16.1%, respectively; 9.6% of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains were resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. The prevalence rate of carbapenem-resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii was 60.0%, while polymyxin and tigecycline showed good activity against Acinetobacter baumannii. The prevalence rate of carbapenem-resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 23.2%. Conclusions:The surveillance results in 2020 showed that the main pathogens of bloodstream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while Escherichia coli was the most common pathogen, and ESBL-producing strains declined while carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae kept on high level. The proportion and the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa were on the rise slowly. On the other side, the MRSA incidence got lower in China, while the overall prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci was low.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 592-596, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810794

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of invasive Haemophilus influenzae (HI) infection in children.@*Methods@#The clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations and treatment outcomes of 84 children with HI infection confirmed by bacterial culture in 7 tertiary children′s hospitals from 2014 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#Among the 84 cases, 50 were males. The age was 1.54 years (ranged from 5 days to 13 years).Twenty cases (24%) had underlying diseases and 48 cases (57%) had not received antibiotics before collecting specimens. Eighty-two cases (98%) had fever and 75 cases (89%) had clear infection foci, among which 31 cases (37%) had meningitis and 27 cases (32%) had pneumonia. Blood culture was positive in 62 cases (74%), cerebrospinal fluid culture was positive in 10 cases (12%), blood culture and cerebrospinal fluid culture were both positive in 11 cases (13%). Antibiotics susceptibility test showed that 27% (22/82) of all HI strains produced β-lactamases and 48% (37/77) strains were resistant to ampicillin. The drug resistance rates to cefuroxime, ampicillin-sulbactam, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and azithromycin were 25% (20/80) , 20% (9/45) , 71% (44/62) and 19%(11/58), respectively. All strains were sensitive to meropenem, levofloxacin and ceftriaxone. After sensitive antibiotic therapy, 83% (70/84) of all patients were cured and improved, the mortality rate and loss of follow-up rate were 13% (11/84) and 4% (3/84) respectively.@*Conclusions@#Meningitis and pneumonia are common presentation of invasive HI infections in children. Mortality in HI meningitis children is high and the third generation of cephalosporins, such as ceftriaxone can be used as the first choice for the treatment of invasive HI infection.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 583-590, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756240

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and drug resistance of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae ( CRE) isolated from children in China. Methods CRE strains were collected in 10 ter-tiary children's hospitals of China from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017. Antimicrobial susceptibility of the clinical strains was detected with disk diffusion method ( KB method) and automated method. The re-sults were analyzed according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute ( CLSI) Standards published in 2017. WHONET 5. 6 software was used to retrospectively analyze the distribution characteristics and drug resistance of these strains. Results A total of 3065 CRE clinical strains were isolated from children with an overall prevalence of 7. 7% and among them, 13. 5% were isolated in neonatal group and 5. 8% in non-neo-natal group. The detection rate of CRE in 2017 was higher than that in 2016 (9. 7% vs 5. 7%). Among the 3065 CRE strains, there were 1912 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae (62. 0%), 667 strains of Escherichia coli (22. 0%), 206 strains of Enterobacter cloacae (7. 0%), 56 strains of Klebsiella aerogenes (1. 8%) and 47 strains of Serratia marcescens (1. 5%). Most of the strains were isolate in neonatology departments including neonatal intensive care units (NICU) and intensive care units (ICU), accounting for 44. 8% and 19. 7%, respectively. Respiratory tract (61. 8%), urine (19. 4%) and blood (5. 7%) specimens were the main sources of CRE isolates. Results of antimicrobial susceptibility test showed that the CRE strains were highly resistant to carbapenem antibiotics such as imipenem, meropenem and ertapenem, as well as penicillins and most cephalosporins (79. 6%-100%), especially those isolated in the neonatal group (P<0. 05). Children had relatively low resistance rates to aminoglycosides such as amikacin (19. 7%) and fos-fomycin (11. 9%), fluoroquinolones such as levofloxacin (37. 7%) and ciprofloxacin (43. 3%), and tige-cycline (3. 8%). Currently, no polymyxin B-resistant strains were isolated. Conclusions The prevalence of common CRE strains in children in 2017 was higher than that in 2016, especially in newborns. Drug re-sistance in CRE strains isolated from neonates to common antibiotics was more severe, suggesting that great attention should be paid to it and timely measures should also be taken.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 582-586, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810082

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the clinical characteristics of pneumococcal infections and drug resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from children's hospitals, which would provide reference for preventing and treating pneumococcal diseases.@*Methods@#This was a prevalence survey. In this study, the age, specimen type, monthly distribution characteristics, and antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from 9 children's hospitals in China were investigated between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016. The WHONET 5.6 software was used to analyze the antibiotic susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae. The comparison of rates was performed by Chi-square test.@*Results@#A total of 6 200 isolates of streptococcus pneumoniae were obtained, namely, 95.1% (5 876/6 177) from the respiratory tract specimens, 2.2% (136/6 177) from blood specimens and 0.4% (24/6 177) from cerebrospinal fluid specimens. The isolates were mainly from children older than 1 and younger than 5 years (54.7%, 3 381/6 185) . Most of strains (33.2%, 1 184/3 563) were isolated in November, December and January. Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates were completely sensitive to vancomycin (100.0%, 6 189/6 189) , linezolid (100.0%, 6 030/6 030) , moxifloxacin (100.0%, 3 064/3 064) , highly sensitive to levofloxacin (99.8%, 5 528/5 540), ertapenem (98.8%, 3 024/3 061) and lowly sensitive to erythromycin (1.7%, 102/6 016), clindamycin (3.7%, 116/3 136), and tetracycline (5%, 244/4 877), respectively. According to the parenteral susceptibility breakpoints for non-meningitis isolates, the sensitivity of Streptocococus pneumoniae to penicillin from children's hospital of Chongqing Medical University (49.3%, 892/1 809) was significantly lower than those of other hospitals (χ2=1 268.161, P<0.05) .@*Conclusions@#Streptococcus pneumoniae is mainly isolated from respiratory tract, from children older than 1 and younger than 5 years and during November to January in tertiary children's hospital of China. The Streptococcus pneumoniae from children is highly sensitive to vancomycin, linezolid, moxifloxacin, levofloxacin. There are also significant differences in the sensitivity of penicillin for Streptococcus pneumoniae from different hospitals.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 29-33, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809762

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the antimicrobial resistance profile in Chinese children.@*Methods@#This was a prevalence survey. From January 1 through December 31, 2016, the isolates were collected from 10 tertiary children hospitals in China. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was carried out by routine laboratory methods. The penicillin susceptibility of streptococcus pneumonia and Meropenem susceptibility of gram-negative bacteria were detected by E-test and disk diffusion method respectively. Antimicrobial susceptibility results were interpreted according to the criteria of Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) Guideline 2016. The data of antimicrobial susceptibility testing of isolates from either the different patients (neonatal group and non-neonatal group) or various sources were analyzed by WHONET 5.6 software.@*Results@#A total of 56 241 isolates were collected, of which 41.5% (23 328 isolates) were gram-positive organisms and 58.5% (32 886 isolates) gram-negative organisms. The five leading pathogens were Escherichia coli (7 995/56 214, 14.2%), Straphylococcus aureus (6 468/56 214, 11.5%), Streptococcus pneumonia (6 225/56 214, 11.1%), Haemophilus influenza (5 435/56 214, 9.7%) and Klebsiella pneumonia (4 523/56 214, 8.0%). The Meropenem resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumonia, Enterobacter cloacae, Escherichia coil, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumonia isolates were 27.4% (326/1 189) , 8.1% (29/358) , 2.0% (27/1 362) , 19.5% (34/174) , 49.7% (230/463) in neonatal group and 15.4% (512/3 327) , 4.8% (40/841) , 2.3% (151/6 564) , 13.7% (252/1 840) , and 53.4% (860/1 611) in non-neonatal group. The Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) rates of neonatal group and non-neonatal group were 46.2% (649/1 404) and 33.3% (1 668/5 010) . The penicillin non-susceptible rates of Streptococcus pneumonia in the two groups were 17.6% (6/34) and 18.2% (1 121/6 158) respectively. The β-lactamase positive rates of Haemophilus pneumonia isolates in the neonatal group and non-neonatal groups were 33.8% (47/139) and 44.4% (2 345/5 282) respectively.@*Conclusion@#This investigation highlights the worrisome trend of antimicrobial resistance in children, especially among neonatal patients in China.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 486-490, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612669

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of global end diastolic volume index (GEDVI) on fluid resuscitation in elderly patients with septic shock. Methods A prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. Septic shock patients over 65 years admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Shandong Province, Zibo Central Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015 were enrolled. The patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group, 20 cases in each group. In accordance with the guidelines for the treatment of septic shock, early goal-directed therapy (EGDT), rehydration in the control group was treated with the guide of central venous pressure (CVP); observation group was received pulse indicator continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring, and rehydration was treated according to the GEDVI and extravascular lung water index (EVLWI), i.e. GEDVI was maintained in 650-800 mL/m2, EVLWI was not obviously increased compared with the basic value and without the emphasis of CVP. Initial acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ ) score, sequential organ failure score (SOFA), procalcitonin (PCT), mean arterial pressure (MAP), lactic acid (Lac) and oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2); serial Lac, central venous to arterial carbon dioxide pressure (Pcv-aCO2), fluid balance, the amount of noradrenaline accumulation, PaO2/FiO2 after 6, 24 and 48 hours resuscitation; mechanical ventilation time, incidence of acute heart failure, ICU hospitalization time and 28-day mortality were recorded. Results There was no significant difference in gender,age, APACHE Ⅱ score, SOFA score, primary disease, infection site and basal PCT, MAP, Lac, PaO2/FiO2 between the two groups. Compared with the control group, 6 hours Lac, Pcv-aCO2 recovery, positive fluid balance, noradrenaline accumulation and PaO2/FiO2 of the observation group showed no significant difference; positive fluid balance 24 hours in the recovery was significantly reduced (mL: 2919.80±986.44 vs. 3991.40±933.53), Pcv-aCO2 significantly decreased [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 5.55±1.43 vs. 7.10±2.38], PaO2/FiO2 significantly improved (mmHg: 194.80±28.57 vs. 177.65±23.46), and noradrenaline accumulation was increased significantly (mg: 40.99±20.69 vs. 27.31±19.34) with statistically significant difference (all P < 0.05); the blood level of Lac 48 hours in the recovery was significantly decreased (mmol/L: 1.16±0.89 vs. 1.85±1.01), Pcv-aCO2 (mmHg: 5.35±1.18 vs. 6.70±2.34), and PaO2/FiO2 (mmHg: 215.75±33.84 vs. 190.60±32.89) were further improved, the positive fluid balance was significantly reduced (mL: 3141.55±1245.69 vs. 4533.85±1416.67, all P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, mechanical ventilation time (days: 3.65±1.31 vs. 4.50±1.19), ICU hospitalization time (days: 5.80±1.67 vs. 7.15±2.30) was significantly shorter in the observation group (both P < 0.05), acute heart failure rate was decreased significantly (5.0% vs. 30.0%, P < 0.05), but the 28-day mortality showed no statistical significance (25.0% vs. 40.0%, P = 0.311). Conclusions Compared to the conventional EGDT methods, fluid resuscitation under the guidance of GEDVI in elderly patients with septic shock with less liquid loading, can achieve better oxygenation and reduce heart failure, shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay, and play an important significant guidance for elderly patients' fluid resuscitation with septic shock.

10.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 366-368, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608645

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore pathogenic bacteria distribution and drug susceptibility testing results in children with purulent meningitis in Jinan area. Methods A total of 54 children with purulent meningitis were selected from January 2010 to December 2014, the cerebrospinal fluid smear and culture, according to the national standard of clinical inspection technology for bacteria isolation and identification by disc diffusion method for drug sensitive test were retrospectively analyzed. Results A total of 54 strains of pathogenic bacteria including 36 strains of gram-positive coccus, and 17 strains of gram-negative bacillus and one strain of suspected Neisseria meningitides were found. A total of 31 strains gram positive coccus is Streptococcus pneumoniae, and most gram-negative bacilli is E. coli. In the Gram-positive coccus, 61.3% was sensitive to penicillin, and more than 90% was sensitive to ceftriaxone and cefepime, 83.3% was sensitive to meropenem, 94.7% resistant to azithromycin, and 58.1% resistant to oxazocilline. In Gram-negative bacilli, 60% was sensitive to ampicillin sulbactam 71.4% was sensitive to cephalosporin , 57.1% was sensitive to ceftriaxone , 66.6% was sensitive to cefepime. Conclusions From cerebrospinal fluid cultured of purulent meningitis, Streptococcus pneumoniae and E. coli were major pathogenic bacteria in children with purulent meningitis in Jinan area.

11.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2881-2883,2884, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599615

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlations between acute respiratory distress syndrome ( ARDS) and extravascular lung water(EVLW),tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α),E-selectin,vasostatin-2.To discuss the value of EVLW, TNF-α, E-selectin and vasostatin-2 in evaluating the severity of ARDS and prognosis of this disease . Methods There are thirty-six patients with ARDS were selected .According to the level of EVLWI shown by pulse indicator continuous cardiac output ( PiCCO) monitor,they were divided into the two groups:EVLWI≥14mL/kg group (n=18) and EVLWI0.05).EVLWI had positive correlation with PVPI,TNF-αand E-selectin (r=0.605,0.649, 0.549,all P0.05).Conclusion There were significant correla-tions between EVLWI and TNF-α,E-selectin in patients with ARDS.The levels of EVLWI,TNF-α,E-selectin were higher,and the mortality rate was higher,the the stay time in ICU was longer.The levels of EVLWI,TNF-αand E-selectin can provide a good reference value to the judgement of the severity of disease and prognosis in patients with ARDS.The level of vasostatin-2 had no correlation with EVLWI .

12.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 50-52, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450570

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of perioperative regional intra peritoneal chemotherapy on postoperative recurrence of advanced gastric cancer.Methods Eighty-six patients with advanced gastric cancer were divided into observation group (44 patients) and control group (42 patients) according to the aspiration of patients.All patients received 2-4 cycles of chemotherapy of PCF regimen before and after surgical treatment.Observation group was combined with perioperative regional intraperitoneal chemotherapy,and control group only received surgical treatment.The treatment effectiveness and the status of postoperative recurrence were compared between two groups.Results The response rate of control group and observation group were 76.2% (34/42) and 93.2% (41/44),respectively.There was significant difference (P < 0.05).The adverse effect of the two groups were gastrointestinal adverse reaction and myelosuppression.There was no significant difference between two groups (P> 0.05).After followed up for 3-36 months,6 patients in observation group occurred recurrence,and 14 patients in control group occurred recurrence.The long-term recurrence rate (> 24 months) between two groups had significant difference (P < 0.05).Conclusion Perioperative regional intraperitoneal chemotherapy has better effectiveness on inhibiting the postoperative recurrence of advanced gastric cancer.

13.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1203-1206, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390986

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was designed to evaluate the correlations between soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin) and intedeukin-8 (IL-8) levels and the condition and prognosis of severe pneumonia. Methods A total of 67 patients with pneumonia were identified at the intensive care unit and the Respiratory Department of Zibo Central Hospital between April 2007 and March 2008. The patients were divided into two groups according to the severity of pneumonia: severe (Group A, n = 35) and non-severe (Group B, n = 32). Group A was also subdivided into two groups of patiems: patients with Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrorae(MODS) (Group A_1, n = 13) and pa-tients with severe pneumonia alone (Croup A_2, n= 22). Thirty healthy people whose age and sex matched with the patients were enrolled as a control group (Group C). Patients with cancer, who had undergone surgery within the past 1 month, connective tissue disease or acute conplications of diabetes, for example, were excluded from the study. The serum levels of s-Eselectin and IL-8 were measured by EI.ISA, and correlations with Acute physiol-ogy and chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE-Ⅱ)score, Oxygenation index(PaO_2/FiO_2), percentage of poly-morphonuclear leukocyte (PMN)and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)levels were determined. The data were analyzed using t tests, one-way ANOVA, X~2 tests and linear correlation analysis using SAS 8.2 software. Results The sermn levels of sE-selectin and IL-8 in Croup A and Group B were significant higher than Group C (P < 0.05), and the levels in Group A were higher than those in Group B (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the levels of sE-selectin and IL-8 were higher in Group A_1 than in Group A_2(P < 0.001). The correlation analysis showed a positive correlation between the levels of sE-selectin and IL-8 in patients with pneumonia (r = 0.781,P < 0.01) ; and both were positively correhted with APACHE-Ⅱ score, PMN% and hs-CRP (P < 0.01), and nega-tively correlated with PaO_2/FiO_2 (P < 0.01).Conclusions sE-selectin and IL-8 levels are important indices for the assessment of the severity of pneumonia in tetras of the condition and prognosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 499-502, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400852

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between calcitonin gene related peptide(CGRP)and enhanced osteogencsis after brain injury by investigating the expression of CGRP in callas and the level of CGRP in serum of rats with brain injury and femoral fracture.Method The experiment was conducted in the Laboratory of Surgery,Affiliated Hospital of North Claim Coal Medical College.Totally 56 male Sprague-Dawley(SD)rats were divided randomly into 3 groups:fracture group(n=24),fracture with brain injury group(n=24)and normal control group(n=8).The parietal skull revealed,the bone windowwas opened,rats models of brain injury were established by falling freely,and rats models of fracture were established by cutting the right middle femur.The rats in normal control group were killed at the 21 days after operation,the rats in other two groups were killed at 7,14and 21 days after operation,respectively.The X-ray of femoral fracture was obtained,the CGRP concentration in serum was detected by mdioimmunoassay,and tissues at 5mm above and below the fracture were stained by HE and SP immtmohistochemistry to observe the expressions of CGRP and the fracture healing.The data were expressed as mean±SEM and ahalyzed with student't t test with SPSS,Results The serum levels of CGRP in fracture group were(91.58±28.67)ng/L,(102.46±27.95)ng/L,(86.54±24.13)ng/L at 7,14,21 days after operation,respectively,which were significantly higher than that in the control group.In fracture with brain injury group,the serum levels of CGRP(165.49±43.28)ng/L significantly increased at 7 days after operation,and compared with fracttwe group,there was significant difference.The serum levels of CGRP decreased at 14,21 days after operation,with 104.72±31.36)ng/L,(74.93±21.57)ng/L,respectively,and compared with fracture group,there was significant difference at 21 days.The mean optical density in callus of the fracture in brain injury group (0.496±0.108)were higher than that in the fracture group[(0.348±0.076)]at 7 days after operation(P<0.01),but there were no significant difference on the 14 and 21 days.Conclusions CGRP may play a role in osteogenesis after brain injury.

15.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 648-652, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382180

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the reliability of using inhibitors including Phenylboronic acid (PBA)and Fqucloxacillin(FCC)in detecting derepressed hyperproduction and plasmid-mediated AmpC B-lactamases.Methods PBA and FCC were chosen as inhibitors and double-disk potentiation method and double-disk synergy method were used to detect positive and negative control strains of AmpC β-lactamases and 107 clinical isolates for AmpC β-lactamases production.The positive control strains included E.cloacae (029M),plasmid-mediated ACT-1 type of E.coli DH5a2919,MOX-1 type of k pheumoniae,LAT-2 type of E.coil.The negative control strains included E.cloacae 029(wild-type),E.coli SHV-1,E.coli SHV-2, E.coil SHV-5,E.coli TEM-1,E.coli TEM-3,k peumoniae SHV-18 and E.coli ATCC25922.We compared the results above with the three dimensional test(3-DT)to observe the accuracy in detecting AmpC-BLA.Results 3-DT together with PBA and FCC based inhibition tests showed the 4 positive control strains and the 9 negative control strains were determined as expected.AmpC-BILA was detected in 107 clinical isolates ofEnterobacteriaceaes.The positive rate of3-DTmethod is24.3%.The positive rates ofPBA.FCC double-disk potentiation method and double-disk synergy method are 30.8%(33/107),26.2%(28/107) and 23.4%(25/107),respectively.The conjugate results in two strains of P mirabilis and one strain of K.peumoniae were positive.They were all plasmid-mediated AmpC-Bi.A.There Was a higher false positive when using PBA and FCC-based double-disk potentiation method to detect the induction type of AmpC-BLA, but the accuracy of double-disk synergy method was high.Compared with the 3-DT,the coincidence rate using PBA and FCC-based double-disk synergy method is 99.1%.Conclusions Using PBA and FCC as inhibitors in the double-disk synergy test is a accurate and reliable method to detect AmpC-BLA regardless of derepressed hyperproduction type or plasmid-mediated type.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hypertension ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589971

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the change of plasma neuropeptide Y(NPY) concentration in patients with essential hypertension,and its relevance to target organ damage.Methods The plasma NPY concentration was determined by radioimmunoassay(RIA) in 115 patients with essential hypertension,including 45 patients with single target damage(left ventricle hypertrophy 21,stroke 13,nephropathy 11) and 19 patients with multiple target damage,with 30 normal as controls.Results 1) Plasma NPY concentration in patients with essential hypertension was significantly higher than normal controls(P0.05).Conclusion NPY may involve in the physiopathologic progress of essential hypertension and associate with the development of target organ damage.Evaluation of plasma NPY concentration may be valuable biomarker in estimation the severity of hypertension and target organ damage.

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