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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 166-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997670

ABSTRACT

As an important complementary form of decoction pieces of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), TCM dispensing granules has the advantages of being free of decoction, easy to take, easy to carry and easy to be dispensed, which greatly improves the capacity of emergency services of TCM and is more in line with the needs of modern society. With the end of the pilot project of TCM dispensing granules, the market has been fully liberalized, the competition has been intensified, and it is in the transition period of switching between the new standard and the old one, and there are some problems such as the shortage of varieties, the change of specifications and the difference of quality, and the production enterprises are facing new opportunities and challenges. Based on this, the authors intend to systematically sort out the policies and regulations, enterprise layout and standard formulation since the pilot of TCM dispensing granules. In view of the problems in the post-pilot stage and from the perspective of survival and development of enterprises, it is suggested that enterprises should establish a quality control system for the whole industry chain of TCM dispensing granules to reduce process costs and increase enterprise competitiveness, further increase the investment in scientific research, overcome the key technical problems of difficult varieties, actively and orderly promote the research of national standards, in order to ensure the integrity of clinical formula varieties, and establish and improve the efficacy evaluation mechanism of TCM dispensing granules, build a consistency evaluation system between TCM dispensing granules and decoction pieces. Government departments should strengthen the guidance, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of scientific research institutions, enterprises and hospitals, and explore the establishment of "government-industry-study-research-application" mode to promote the development of TCM dispensing granule industry.

2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 431-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991156

ABSTRACT

DNA barcoding has been widely used for herb identification in recent decades,enabling safety and innovation in the field of herbal medicine.In this article,we summarize recent progress in DNA bar-coding for herbal medicine to provide ideas for the further development and application of this tech-nology.Most importantly,the standard DNA barcode has been extended in two ways.First,while conventional DNA barcodes have been widely promoted for their versatility in the identification of fresh or well-preserved samples,super-barcodes based on plastid genomes have rapidly developed and have shown advantages in species identification at low taxonomic levels.Second,mini-barcodes are attractive because they perform better in cases of degraded DNA from herbal materials.In addition,some mo-lecular techniques,such as high-throughput sequencing and isothermal amplification,are combined with DNA barcodes for species identification,which has expanded the applications of herb identification based on DNA barcoding and brought about the post-DNA-barcoding era.Furthermore,standard and high-species coverage DNA barcode reference libraries have been constructed to provide reference se-quences for species identification,which increases the accuracy and credibility of species discrimination based on DNA barcodes.In summary,DNA barcoding should play a key role in the quality control of traditional herbal medicine and in the international herb trade.

3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 142-155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991131

ABSTRACT

Complex systems exist widely,including medicines from natural products,functional foods,and bio-logical samples.The biological activity of complex systems is often the result of the synergistic effect of multiple components.In the quality evaluation of complex samples,multicomponent quantitative analysis(MCQA)is usually needed.To overcome the difficulty in obtaining standard products,scholars have proposed achieving MCQA through the"single standard to determine multiple components(SSDMC)"approach.This method has been used in the determination of multicomponent content in natural source drugs and the analysis of impurities in chemical drugs and has been included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.Depending on a convenient(ultra)high-performance liquid chromatography method,how can the repeatability and robustness of the MCQA method be improved?How can the chromatography conditions be optimized to improve the number of quantitative components?How can computer software technology be introduced to improve the efficiency of multicomponent analysis(MCA)?These are the key problems that remain to be solved in practical MCQA.First,this review article summarizes the calculation methods of relative correction factors in the SSDMC approach in the past five years,as well as the method robustness and accuracy evaluation.Second,it also summarizes methods to improve peak capacity and quantitative accuracy in MCA,including column selection and two-dimensional chromatographic analysis technology.Finally,computer software technologies for predict-ing chromatographic conditions and analytical parameters are introduced,which provides an idea for intelligent method development in MCA.This paper aims to provide methodological ideas for the improvement of complex system analysis,especially MCQA.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2234-2249, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982848

ABSTRACT

The many-banded krait, Bungarus multicinctus, has been recorded as the animal resource of JinQianBaiHuaShe in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Characterization of its venoms classified chief phyla of modern animal neurotoxins. However, the evolutionary origin and diversification of its neurotoxins as well as biosynthesis of its active compounds remain largely unknown due to the lack of its high-quality genome. Here, we present the 1.58 Gbp genome of B. multicinctus assembled into 18 chromosomes with contig/scaffold N50 of 7.53 Mbp/149.8 Mbp. Major bungarotoxin-coding genes were clustered within genome by family and found to be associated with ancient local duplications. The truncation of glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor in the 3'-terminal of a LY6E paralog released modern three-finger toxins (3FTxs) from membrane tethering before the Colubroidea divergence. Subsequent expansion and mutations diversified and recruited these 3FTxs. After the cobra/krait divergence, the modern unit-B of β-bungarotoxin emerged with an extra cysteine residue. A subsequent point substitution in unit-A enabled the β-bungarotoxin covalent linkage. The B. multicinctus gene expression, chromatin topological organization, and histone modification characteristics were featured by transcriptome, proteome, chromatin conformation capture sequencing, and ChIP-seq. The results highlighted that venom production was under a sophisticated regulation. Our findings provide new insights into snake neurotoxin research, meanwhile will facilitate antivenom development, toxin-driven drug discovery and the quality control of JinQianBaiHuaShe.

5.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 48-57, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953607

ABSTRACT

Objective: Plant hormones act as chemical messengers in the regulation of plant development and metabolism. The production of ginsenosides in Panax hybrid is promoted by auxins that are transported and accumulated by PIN-FORMED (PIN) and PIN-LIKES (PILS) auxin transporters. However, genome-wide studies of PIN/PILS of ginseng are still scarce. In current study, identification and transcriptional profiling of PIN/PILS gene families, as well as their potential relationship with ginsenoside biosynthesis in Panax ginseng were investigated. Methods: PIN/PILS genes in P. ginseng was identified via in silico genome-wide analysis, followed by phylogenetic relationships, gene structure, and protein profiles investigation. Moreover, previously reported RNA-sequence data from various tissues and roots after infection were utilized for PIN/PILS genes expression pattern analysis. The Pearson's correlation analysis of specific PIN/PILS genes expression level and main ginsenoside contents were taken to reveal the potential relationship between auxin transports and ginsenoside biosynthesis in P. ginseng. Results: A genome-wide search of P. ginseng genome for homologous auxin transporter genes identified a total of 17 PIN and 11 PILS genes. Sequence alignment, putative motif organization, and sub-cellular localization indicated redundant and complementary biological functions of these PIN/PILS genes. Most PIN/PILS genes were differentially expressed in a tissue-specific manner, and showed significant correlations with ginsenoside content correspondingly. Eight auxin transporter genes, including both PIN and PILS subfamily members, were positively correlated with ginsenoside content (cor > 0.60; P-value <0.05). The expression levels of eleven auxin transporter genes were increased dramatically in the early stage (0–0.5 DPI) after Cylindrocarpon destructans infection, accompanied with various overall expression patterns, implying the dynamic auxin transport in response to biotic stress. Conclusion: Based on the results, we speculate that the accumulation or depletion in temporal or spatial manner of auxin by PIN/PILS transporters involved in the regulation of HMGR activity and subsequent ginsenoside biosynthesis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 162-172, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940188

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe type 2C protein phosphatases (PP2C) are involved in numerous plant signal transduction pathways. They mainly participate in plant stress response and regulate second metabolites biosynthesis via negatively regulating MAPK signaling pathway. Herein,we were to identify and analyze PP2C (CsPP2C) gene family from hemp genome,in hope of providing comprehensive insights for studying CsPP2C function during the development of hemp. MethodMolecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MAGA)-X was used to construct phylogenetic tree. Expert Protein Analysis System (ExPASy),WoLF PSORT,Multiple EM for Motif Elicitation (MEME),Batch Conserved Domain Search (Batch-CD-Search),PlantCare,and TBtools were used,respectively,to predict CsPP2C physicochemical properties,subcellular localization,conserved motifs,protein structure,cis-element in promoter and collinearity with Arabidopsis PP2C. Cannabis sativa transcriptome and Real-time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) were used to analyze and verify gene expressions,respectively. ResultFifty-two CsPP2C with conserved domains were identified from the entire genome of hemp,encoding proteins ranging from 244 to 1 089 aa in length and with molecular weights ranging from 26.76 to 122.53 kDa. Those genes were mainly distributed in the nucleus,cytoplasm and chloroplast. The 47 CsPP2C were divided into 10 subfamilies,and the remaining 5 were not clustered. Seven pairs of homologous genes between hemp and Arabidopsis thaliana were identified according to collinear analysis. The light-responsive elements and abscisic acid elements are most abundant in the prediction. The gene expression heat map showed varied expression pattern of CsPP2C in different tissues. Real-time PCR results of three CsPP2C were consistent with transcriptome data. Moreover,alternative splicing analysis showed that some CsPP2C had alternative-splicing genes during evolution. ConclusionWe predicted and analyzed CsPP2C gene family in genomic scale and showed that CsPP2C are involved in many biological processes,whereby provides foundation for CsPP2C functional study.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 162-172, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940156

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe type 2C protein phosphatases (PP2C) are involved in numerous plant signal transduction pathways. They mainly participate in plant stress response and regulate second metabolites biosynthesis via negatively regulating MAPK signaling pathway. Herein,we were to identify and analyze PP2C (CsPP2C) gene family from hemp genome,in hope of providing comprehensive insights for studying CsPP2C function during the development of hemp. MethodMolecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MAGA)-X was used to construct phylogenetic tree. Expert Protein Analysis System (ExPASy),WoLF PSORT,Multiple EM for Motif Elicitation (MEME),Batch Conserved Domain Search (Batch-CD-Search),PlantCare,and TBtools were used,respectively,to predict CsPP2C physicochemical properties,subcellular localization,conserved motifs,protein structure,cis-element in promoter and collinearity with Arabidopsis PP2C. Cannabis sativa transcriptome and Real-time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) were used to analyze and verify gene expressions,respectively. ResultFifty-two CsPP2C with conserved domains were identified from the entire genome of hemp,encoding proteins ranging from 244 to 1 089 aa in length and with molecular weights ranging from 26.76 to 122.53 kDa. Those genes were mainly distributed in the nucleus,cytoplasm and chloroplast. The 47 CsPP2C were divided into 10 subfamilies,and the remaining 5 were not clustered. Seven pairs of homologous genes between hemp and Arabidopsis thaliana were identified according to collinear analysis. The light-responsive elements and abscisic acid elements are most abundant in the prediction. The gene expression heat map showed varied expression pattern of CsPP2C in different tissues. Real-time PCR results of three CsPP2C were consistent with transcriptome data. Moreover,alternative splicing analysis showed that some CsPP2C had alternative-splicing genes during evolution. ConclusionWe predicted and analyzed CsPP2C gene family in genomic scale and showed that CsPP2C are involved in many biological processes,whereby provides foundation for CsPP2C functional study.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3655-3664, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922432

ABSTRACT

Tyrosine-decahydrofluorene derivatives feature a fused [6.5.6] tricarbocyclic core and a 13-membered

9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 305-322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880262

ABSTRACT

"The Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, The Tumor Ablation Committee of Chinese College of Interventionalists, The Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and The Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology" have organized multidisciplinary experts to formulate the consensus for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The expert consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practices for thermal ablation of GGN. The main contents include: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN, (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN and (3) future development directions.
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10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1192-1204, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828812

ABSTRACT

As coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses a substantial global public health threat, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was used in 91.50% of the COVID-19 cases in China, showing encouraging results in improving symptom management and reducing the deterioration, mortality, and recurrence rates. A total of 166 modified herbal formulae consisting of 179 single herbal medicines were collected for treating COVID-19 in China. Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome, Scutellariae Radix, and Armeniacae Semen Amarum are the most frequently utilized in clinics, most of which are antipyretic (47, 26.26%), expectorant and cough-suppressing (22, 12.29%), and dampness-resolving (21, 11.73%) from traditional descriptions. A total of 1212 chemical components containing -sitosterol, stigmasterol, and quercetin were primarily selected. Additionally, using complex system entropy and unsupervised hierarchical clustering, 8 core herbal combinations and 10 new formulae emerged as potentially useful candidates for COVID-19. Finally, following scaffold analysis, self-organizing mapping (SOM) and cluster analysis, 12 clusters of molecules yielded 8 pharmacophore families of structures that were further screened as pharmacological targets in human metabolic pathways for inhibiting coronavirus. This article aims to make more easily accessible and share historical herbal knowledge used in contemporary treatments in a modern manner to assist researchers contain the global spread of COVID-19.

11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 46-49, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810382

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of exosomal miR-1231 in plasma of pancreatic cancer (PC) patients and pancreatic cancer cells.@*Methods@#A total of 16 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in Hunan Cancer Hospital were collected from April 2016 to August 2017. Meanwhile, 16 healthy volunteers were recruited as the healthy control group at the same period. The plasma exosomes were extracted, and the levels of miR-1231 were detected by qRT-PCR in PC and healthy control groups. Moreover, the clinicopathological significance of exosomal miR-1231 expression was analyzed. Furthermore, the expression of exosomal miR-1231 was detected in several pancreatic cancer cells (MIA PaCa-2, PANC-1, SW1990, AsPC-1 and BxPc-3) and two normal pancreatic epithelial cells (HPDE and human primary pancreatic epithelial cell).@*Results@#qRT-PCR results showed that the expression level of miR-1231 in plasma exosomes of pancreatic cancer patients (1.06±0.46) was significantly lower than that in healthy controls (2.30±0.99; P<0.05). The levels of exosomal miR-1231 in patients with stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ (1.515±0.531), no distant metastasis (1.236±0.461) and no lymph node metastasis (1.337±0.522) were significantly higher than those with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ (0.848±0.224), distant metastasis (0.757±0.278) and lymph node metastasis (0.838±0.261), respectively (P<0.05 for all). In addition, there were no correlation between exosomal miR-1231 expression and age, sex, smoking history, CA19-9 levels and tumor sites (P>0.05). Furthermore, the expression level of exosomal miR-1231 in pancreatic cancer cell lines (0.142±0.135) was significantly lower than that in normal epithelial cells (1.127±0.179; P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The downregulation of exosomal miR-1231 in plasma of pancreatic cancer patients and pancreatic cancer cells suggests that it is related to the initiation and development of PC. It may be a new diagnostic and prognostic marker for PC.

12.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1905-1910, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752139

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicinal materials occupy an important position in China's health industry. However, its overall quality needs to be improved and it is in urgent need of regulation. Exploring the formation of effective organizational mechanisms and industry models has become an urgent need of the industry. In this context, the alliance of coconstruction and sharing Chinese herbal medicine base came into being. The alliance is based on the pursuit of the quality of Chinese herbal medicines and continues to promote the construction of Chinese herbal medicines. The Alliance provides a platform for economic and scientific cooperation in the industry. Its purpose is to guide the promotion of the standardization of local varieties and the construction of modern Chinese medicine agricultural enterprises based on the development needs of Chinese herbal medicine resources and the common interests of all members. As an important content, we will strive to expand the new pattern of coordinated development of traditional Chinese medicine agriculture and industry, explore the establishment of a new organizational system for modern Chinese medicine agricultural production with controllable quality, output and price under the link of production and demand. For the sustainable, stable and healthy development of the Chinese medicine industry, it will serve 1.3 billion people and serve humanity, provide high-quality sustainable Chinese herbal medicine resources. Since its establishment six years ago, the alliance has carried out work on key aspects such as standardized production of Chinese herbal medicines, plant protection, decoction processing, supply and demand docking, medicinal materials standards, poverty alleviation, breeding, and provided technical support to enterprises. During this period, the alliance also proposed the concept of"three-no and one- all"requires the members to take the lead in achieving the standards of"sulfur- free processing, no aflatoxin pollution, pollution-free, traceable throughout the whole", setting a benchmark for the industry.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 272-282, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690911

ABSTRACT

The cultivation of plants is hindered by replanting problems, which may be caused by plant-driven changes in the soil microbial community. Inoculation with microbial antagonists may efficiently alleviate replanting issues. Through high-throughput sequencing, this study revealed that bacterial diversity decreased, whereas fungal diversity increased, in the rhizosphere soils of adult ginseng plants at the root growth stage under different ages. Few microbial community, such as , Cytophagaceae, , , Sphingomonadaceae, and Zygomycota, were observed; the relative abundance of microorganisms, namely, , Enterobacteriaceae, , Cantharellales, , , and Chytridiomycota, increased in the soils of adult ginseng plants compared with those in the soils of 2-year-old seedlings. 50-1, a microbial antagonist against the pathogenic , was isolated through a dual culture technique. These bacteria acted with a biocontrol efficacy of 67.8%. The ginseng death rate and abundance decreased by 63.3% and 46.1%, respectively, after inoculation with 50-1. Data revealed that microecological degradation could result from ginseng-driven changes in rhizospheric microbial communities; these changes are associated with the different ages and developmental stages of ginseng plants. Biocontrol using microbial antagonists alleviated the replanting problem.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 458-465, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690893

ABSTRACT

is famous for its important therapeutic effects. Saponins are bioactive compounds found in different parts and developmental stages of plants. Thus, it is urgently to study saponins distribution in different parts and growth ages of plants. In this study, potential biomarkers were found, and their chemical characteristic differences were revealed through metabolomic analysis. High-performance liquid chromatography data indicated the higher content of saponins (, Rg1, Re, Rd, and Rb1) in the underground parts than that in the aerial parts. 20()-Protopanaxadiol saponins were mainly distributed in the aerial parts. Additionally, the total saponin content in the 3-year-old plant (188.0 mg/g) was 1.4-fold higher than that in 2-year-old plant (130.5 mg/g). The transcriptomic analysis indicated the tissue-specific transcription expression of genes, namely, , , , , and , which encoded critical synthases in saponin biosyntheses. These genes showed similar expression patterns among the parts of plants. The expression levels of these genes in the flowers and leaves were 5.2fold higher than that in the roots and fibrils. These results suggested that saponins might be actively synthesized in the aerial parts and transformed to the underground parts. This study provides insights into the chemical and genetic characteristics of to facilitate the synthesis of its secondary metabolites and a scientific basis for appropriate collection and rational use of this plant.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 666-677, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690873

ABSTRACT

Ginseng ( C.A. Meyer) is one of the best-selling herbal medicines, with ginsenosides as its main pharmacologically active constituents. Although extensive chemical and pharmaceutical studies of these compounds have been performed, genome-wide studies of the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors of ginseng are still limited. The bHLH transcription factor family is one of the largest transcription factor families found in eukaryotic organisms, and these proteins are involved in a myriad of regulatory processes. In our study, 169 bHLH transcription factor genes were identified in the genome of , and phylogenetic analysis indicated that these PGbHLHs could be classified into 24 subfamilies. A total of 21 RNA-seq data sets, including two sequencing libraries for jasmonate (JA)-responsive and 19 reported libraries for organ-specific expression analyses were constructed. Through a combination of gene-specific expression patterns and chemical contents, 6 PGbHLH genes from 4 subfamilies were revealed to be potentially involved in the regulation of ginsenoside biosynthesis. These 6 PGbHLHs, which had distinct target genes, were further divided into two groups depending on the absence of MYC-N structure. Our results would provide a foundation for understanding the molecular basis and regulatory mechanisms of bHLH transcription factor action in .

16.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 83-88, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513167

ABSTRACT

In this study,DNA molecular identification technology and chemical fingerprint method were adopted to evaluate the quality system of precise powder decoction pieces (PPDP) of S.suberectus dunn (SSD).ITS2 sequence was taken as DNA barcode to indentify SSD.Different specifications of PPDP were prepared,their dry extract contents were quantified in contrast with that of original slices.Three batches of SSD original slices were gleaned and the content uniformity,fingerprint and similarity evaluation before and after the mixing and pulverization were valued by HPLC-DAD.As a result,ITS2 successfully and accurately identified the SSD in this study.The extract rate of PPDP was 15.5%,1.11 times as much as the original slices.RSD of inter-assay dissolution of cepicatechin from the original slices was 11.0%,which was reduced to 1.0% after mixing and preparing into PPDP.The relative peak area of the 14 common peaks identified by fingerpringts were larger,while the RSD values significantly decreased.It was concluded that the PPDP of SSD improved the extraction efficiency and uniformity of the original slices,featuring quite prospective in more reasonable and scientific clinical use.

17.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 424-431, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609185

ABSTRACT

A lot of research achievements have been obtained in the field of Chinese materia medica (CMM) in recent years,which have been paid close attention to by the international community.It also promotes the internationalization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).However,the genetic background of CMM bioactive compounds and the effect on human genes of CMM composition after ingestion are not clear.As a frontier technology,herbgenomics provides a new method for the study of biosynthesis,breeding of new varieties and the identification of CMM.It will also promote more achievements in this field.This paper reviewed the research progress of study on the frontier omics technology of CMM in order to provide references for CMM research.

18.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1629-1634, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696073

ABSTRACT

Research teams work together to solve the technical bottleneck in the Panax notoginseng industry.These research directions mainly focus on breeding of new variety,alleviating the continuous cropping obstacles,building standard system and so on.We used methods such as biotechnology,information technology and so on,to realize digitization,network and intellectualization in the process of selection of producing areas,field management,harvest storage,solved key issues of the precise selection of producing areas,variety breeding,soil improvement,fertilization management,and realized the precision and optimization of ginseng cultivation.We built the composite technology system of pollution-free notoginseng.This technology system mainly contained the breeding of new cultivar,the composite technology of soil improvement,the cultivation system of pollution-free notoginseng and quality traceability system.A new disease-resistant cultivar of notoginseng was bred,which offered feasibility for the notoginseng continuous cropping.We first presented composite improvement technology of notoginseng continuous cropping soil.This improvement technology has been used in the field.This technology system of soil restoration and improvement guaranteed notoginseng continuous cropping.A first standard system of pollution-free notoginseng was issued.It established standard of high-quality notoginseng materials.Finally,quality traceability system of notoginseng was finished,which safeguarded the controllable quality.This composite technology system offers references for the cultivation of other Chinese herbal medicines.

19.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1975-1980, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510883

ABSTRACT

Panax notoginseng (BurK.) F.H.Chen is a traditional Chinese medicinal material with a time-honored history of cultivation.There are a series of problems,such as high pesticide residues,serious disease and pest,and continuous cropping obstacles in the process of the cultivation of notoginseng.Pollution-free cultivation is an effective strategy for the sustainable development of notoginseng industry.We herein summarized three points of the pollution-free cultivation of notoginseng in this review.The standard of lands suitable for the cultivation of notoginseng was established on the basis of the analysis of medicinal plants around global producing areas.The integrated measures of soil improvement were put forward by cfficient rotation and soil disinfection with new varieties breeding combined with the management of water,light and fertilization,and the safe and low-toxic methods of disease and pest control.Additionally,the mode of wild tending should be carried out when the marker-assisted breeding of new varieties was developed,and the platform of comprehensive disease and pest control was founded.Above-mentioned points can effectively perfect and optimize the pollution-free cultivation of notoginseng and promote sustainable development of notoginseng industry.

20.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1955-1963, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670401

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the pesticide residue and heavy metal contents in Panaxnotoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen to provide the basis for the quality criterion of pollution-freemedicinal materials and slices of notoginseng.We randomly collected 100 samples of notoginseng from farmer's markets,producing areas of notoginseng and internet markets.We entrusted the third-party authoritative testing institutions to detect 203 items of the pesticide residues and 4 items of heavy metals.According to relative standards of Japan,Korea,the United States and the European Union,we analyzed and summarized the data in this study.We confirmed the 25 species of pesticides with high operating frequency and detection rate and the limited amount index of 4 heavy metals.In conclusion,these results enriched the limited amount index of the pesticide residues and heavy metal contents based on the previous notoginseng standard system serving as the quality criterion of pollution-free notoginseng,which was applicative and operable.

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