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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 137-141, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the plague epidemic characteristics in the natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province, and to provide scientific basis for innovative prevention and control of the plague in combination with local conditions. Methods:A retrospective study was used to collect the monitoring data of the natural foci of plague in Gansu Province from 2011 to 2018 (from the epidemic surveillance files of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Gansu Province and direct network reporting information). Descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the plague epidemic characteristics of natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province from 2011 to 2018, including the distribution of host animals, pathogenic and serological testing of the plague bacteria, and the epidemic characteristics of human plague. Results:From 2011 to 2018, the total average marmot density in the natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province was 0.21/hm 2, of which Tianzhu County had the highest average marmot density of 0.58/hm 2, and Jiayuguan City had the lowest average marmot density of 0.01/hm 2. A total of 381 strains of Yersinia pestis were isolated in the foci, of which 4 were isolated from human corpses, 298 were host animals, and 79 were infectious vectors. Among them, the top 3 counties (cities) of isolated strains were Aksai County (38.85%, 148 strains), Subei County (31.50%, 120 strains) and Yumen City (16.27%, 62 strains). A total of 6 860 marmot serum, 1 769 dog serum were tested, the F1 antibody positive rates were 2.70% (185/6 860), 8.42% (149/1 769); and the F1 antigen positive rate of 814 animal materials was 4.30% (35/814), respectively. There were 4 times of human plague, 4 cases occurred and 4 cases died; 3 times occurred in Subei County and 1 time in Yumen City. The onset months were July, September, November and December. Active contact with infected animals such as shepherd dogs was the main route of infection, and migrant herders were the key occupation population. Conclusions:The animal epidemic situation in the natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province is active, and the plague presents different epidemic states in different regions. The prevention and control measures should be taken according to local conditions and guided by classification to strictly prevent the occurrence and transmission of the plague.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865712

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application value of practical demonstration of actual X-ray film images in the experimental teaching of radiography technology courses in medical imaging undergraduates.Methods:A total of 63 medical imaging undergraduates of Grade 2015 were randomly divided into three groups to receive part of the experimental courses about chest and abdomen radiography examination. Their pre-class work and machine were the same. As the experimental group, group A and group B added demonstration with X ray film images, while group C (control group) did not. The different teaching effects of the two methods were evaluated by simulate practical assessment and quiz. The accepting degree of demonstration method was evaluated in accordance with questionnaire survey.Results:The scores of simulated practical assessment (7.36±1.39) and quiz (4.24±2.01) in experimental group were significantly higher than those of (6.05±1.28) and (3.10±1.48) in the control group, with a statistically significant difference ( P<0.01, P=0.024). Questionnaire survey showed that the experimental group were 100% accepted practical demonstration of X ray film images. Conclusion:The application of practical demonstration of X-ray film images in radiology technology experimental courses can help undergraduates to accept new knowledge, deepen impression on knowledge and improve teaching effect, which is worth developing and popularizing.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1900-1904, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825054

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding small molecular RNAs that widely exist in eukaryotes, and mature miRNAs are composed of 20-25 nucleotide sequences. With the deepening of the research on miRNAs in recent years, it has been found that miRNAs play an important role in the development, progression, prognosis, chemotherapy resistance, and early diagnosis of gallbladder carcinoma. This article reviews the research advances in the role of miRNAs in gallbladder carcinoma.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745123

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate and compare the 3 common inspection techniques for acute atlantoaxial trauma:tomosynthesis(DTS),digital radiology(DR) and computed tomography(CT).Methods The imaging data from March 2013 through December 2017 were retrieved from the Picture Archiving and Communication Systems(PACS) of The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University concerning the patients with acute atlantoaxial trauma.Selected for this study were 50 DTS images(DTS group),50 CT images(CT group) and 50 DR images(DR group).The image diagnoses for the 3 groups were conducted by 2 senior radiologists and their judgments were compared with the definite clinical diagnoses.The 3 groups were compared in terms of diagnostic accuracy,diagnostic rate of acute atlantoaxial trauma,image quality and effective radiation dosage.Results DR was insignificantly different from DTS or CT in diagnostic accuracy for the acute atlantoaxial Irauma which had been caused by mild violence like spraining and falling(P>0.05),but significantly inferior to both DTS and CT in diagnostic accuracy and diagnostic rate of the acute atlantoaxial trauma which had been caused by severe violence like traffic accident(P<0.05).In detection of atlas/axial fracture and atlantoaxial dislocation,DTS was slightly weaker than CT but significantly better than DR(P<0.05).The image quality scores for CT group(4.60±0.11) and DTS group(4.16±0.15) were significantly higher than that for DR group(2.80±0.18)(P<0.05).In average effective radiation dosage,CT group(2.33±0.020 mSv/time) was the highest,followed by DTS group(0.61±0.076 mSv/time) and DR group(0.025±0.003 mSv/time),showing significant differences between any two(P<0.05).Conclusions DR technique may be used for inspection of the atlantoaxial acute trauma caused by mild violence like spraining and falling,but has little value for inspection of most cases of atlantoaxial acute trauma.DTS technique may be the first choice for inspection of most atlantoaxial acute trauma.CT should be applied as a further inspection for complex cases because of its highest diagnostic accuracy and highest effective radiation dosage.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 526-531, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701369

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of meteorological factors on population densities of the host and the prevalence of animal plague in the natural plague foci of Spermophilus alaschanicus.Methods The surveillance data of seroprevalence rate in natural plague foci of Spermophilus alaschanicus of Gansu Province in current year,one previous year (relative to current year as a reference),as well as two and three previous years’ meteorological data such as average annual rainfall,temperature,relative humidity were collected from 1962 to 2014.SAS 9.3 software was used for correlation and regression analysis of the influencing meteorological factors on the density of Spermophilus alaschanicus and prevalence of animal plague;generalized additive model (GAM) was used for quantitative study of meteorological factors on density of Spermophilus alaschanicus;logistic regression analysis was used to study the effect of meteorological factors on prevalence of Spermophilus alaschanicus plague.Results Serum positive rate of Spermophilus alaschanicus was positively correlated with average annual rainfall of current and previous one year,and with relative humidity of current year (r =0.279,0.341,0.654,P < 0.05);serum positive rate was negatively correlated with average annual temperature of current and preceding first,second and third years (r =-0.360,-0.339,-0.273,-0.323,P < 0.05).The average annual rainfall of preceding second and third years was significantly associated with the densities of Spermophilus alaschanicus by GAM parameter estimation (t =2.88,2.42,P < 0.05).The average annual rainfall of preceding second and third years was significantly associated with the densities of Spermophilus alaschanicus by GAM nonparameter estimation (x2=31.580,13.428,P < 0.05),but the effect was nonlinear.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that average annual rainfall of preceding first year [odds ratio (OR) =2.475,95% confidence interval (C/):1.175-5.213] was risk factor for the prevalence of the animal plague in the natural plague foci of Spermophilus alaschanicus.Conclusions Rainfall is risk factor for the prevalence of the animal plague in the natural plague foci of Spermophilus alaschanicus.There is a lag effect of rainfall on the numbers of hosts and the prevalence of Spermophilus alaschanicue plague.When the rainfall in the region (not continuously) reaches a certain amount,it will provide favorable conditions for the spread of Yersinia pestis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 965-968, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733772

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between fleas density of Spermophilus alaschanicue and host density as well as meteorological factors.Methods The densities of fleas of Spermophilus alaschanicue and meteorological temperature,precipitation,relative humidity data in the same period from 1977 to 2014 in plague natural foci of Spermophilus alaschanicue of Gansu Province were collected.In order to further establish the multiple linear regression and the stepwise regression analysis model,SAS 9.3 software was used to explore the linear correlation analysis between fleas index number,density of Spermophilus alaschanicue and meteorological factors.Results The average body flea index positively correlated with the density of Spermophilus alaschanicue (r =0.34,P < 0.05),in addition,hole fleas index was in negative correlation with the average temperature of the current and preceding first,second and third years (r =-0.44,-0.39,-0.45,-0.54,P < 0.01).However,hole fleas index positively correlated with the average rainfall of preceding first year (r =0.38,P < 0.05).More specifically,the monthly body flea index was negatively correlated with the average rainfall and the average temperature of current,preceding first,second,and third months,and the average relative humidity of current month (r =-0.23,-0.34,-0.43,-0.29,-0.25,-0.33,-0.36,-0.38,-0.26,P < 0.01).After multiple linear regression analysis,the following equations were obtained:body fleas index =3.983 1 + 0.695 1 × Sperrnophilus density-0.004 9 × average annual rainfall;hole fleas index =10.780 4 + 0.009 1 × average annual rainfall-0.216 2 × annual average relative humidity.Conclusions The relationship between fleas density of Spermophilus alaschanicue and the environment is complex,they have mutual connection as well as mutual restriction.Except Spermophilus density affects the number of fleas,the two most important meteorological factors which affect the flea body index are temperature and rainfall.In addition,the relationship between meteorological factors and flea body index shows somewhat lagging behind for two to three months.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 358-360, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712828

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are vesicular globules with physiological functions, such as intercellular material transportation and signal transduction. They can be secreted by many kinds of cells, with 40 to 100 nm diameters.Exosomes have biological properties of derived cells based on the nucleic acids, proteins and lipids in them. Tumor cells can also secrete large number of exosomes with many microRNAs (miRNAs), and miRNAs from different maternal tumor cells are different. This paper mainly reviews the early diagnosis of tumors by tumor-derived exosomal miRNAs and the relationship between miRNAs and tumorigenesis and tumor progression.

8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 957-959, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809648

ABSTRACT

Liver failure is a serious stage during liver disease development of which mobidity is high. There is no effective treatment at present.Artificial liver support system is one of the important methods to treat liver failure which includes non-biological artificial liver, biological artificial liver and hybrid artificial liver. Among the artificial liver devices. The bioartificial liver is the most similar artifical liver device to human liver in terms of detoxification, synthesis and metabolism currently.The complexity of human liver function makes the biological artificial liver facing great challenges in selection of liver seed cells, construction of bioreactor and the best combination with auxiliary device, which leads to the slow development of bioartificial liver. In order to provide theoretical support for the study of bioartificial liver, the current status and its development are reviewed in the following aspects, the source of seed cells, the construction of bioreactor, the combination of auxiliary devices and the clinical application of bioartificial liver in this article.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489586

ABSTRACT

Histone methyltransferase SMYD3 (SET and MYND domain containing 3) is a protein which has the function of histone methylation found in recent years,it has an important role in transcriptional regulation.The research shows that SMYD3 inhibit apoptosis and promote cell proliferation,invasion and metastasis.More and more data shows SMYD3 highly expressed in liver cancer and is low in normal tissues which is even undetectable.SMYD3 level was significantly associated with prognosis,and gene silencing experiments in SMYD3 tumor cell growth was inhibited.Therefor,SMYD3 is closely related with the development and prognosis of HCC occurrence,which suggests that people can suppress the expression SMYD3 to block tumor cell growth,migration and improve prognosis to provide new goals and direction for the future of cancer treatment.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 601-604, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778590

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) greatly threatens human health. In clinical treatment, the therapeutic strategies for HCC are attracting more attention. With the research advances in the pathogenesis of HCC and the rapid development of molecular biology techniques, the therapies with molecular-targeted antitumor drugs for advanced HCC have become a hot research topic, and significant efficacy has been achieved in clinical practice. This article summarizes the research advances in clinical application of molecular-targeted drugs for the treatment of HCC and related issues, discusses the future perspectives of therapeutic strategies, and provides a new direction and reference for the clinical treatment of HCC.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234629

ABSTRACT

A stable, uniform, easily implemented, LC-based chemical and biological sensor substrate for orientations of liquid crystals (LCs) for a long-term is urgently needed for medical applications of the sensors. We proposed a use of spin-coating of copper perchlorate (Cu(ClO4)2), with five different concentrations(0-100mmol/L), directly on glass slides for fabricating a layer of chemically-sensitive copper ions. Observing the transmitted light with a polarized microscope, we found the luminosity of the light propagated through sensors deposited with copper ions started to weaken gradually after a certain time. The higher was the concentration of copper ions covered on the glass substrates of the sensors, the faster the weakening occurred, and the less time was needed for transmitted light to turn completely dark. But there was no change in luminosity of the transmitted light for the sensors without Cu(ClO4)2 spin-coating even after stored at room temperature (25 degrees C) for a whole day. When the Cu(ClO4)2 deposited sensors were stored within a drying oven at room temperature (25 degrees C) for 2 months, it was found that there vas almost no change in luminosity of the transmitted lights. The results showed that all the thin films of LC on glass slides functionalized with Cu(ClO4)2 could keep homeotropic and stable orientation for a long time; the concentration of Cu (ClO4)2I has an influence on the orientation response speed of LC from planar to perpendicular orientation.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , Copper , Chemistry , Glass , Chemistry , Liquid Crystals , Chemistry
12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 95-98,封3, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598165

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of HepG2 cells' proliferation and autophagy by the Nrf2-ARE pathway,and provide the experimental basis for clinical exploring effective liver cancer treatment.Methods Hepatic carcinoma HepG2 cells were cultured,and its proliferation inhibition rates and the change of cell cycle' s in each phase were explored by the MTT assay and flow cytometry.The hepatoma cells' autophagy was qualitative observed by inverted phase contrast microscope and fluorescence microscope.Results Inhibitory rate of HepG2 cells was obviously higher in the Nrf2 inhibitor BML-111 group than control group (P < 0.05),and the control group was aslo obviously higher than the Nrf2 inducer EGb group (P < 0.05).Flow cytometric analysis showed that G1 phase cells in the cell cycle increased,S phase cells reduced and G2/M period cells relatively increased in the Nrf2 inhibitor BML-111 group.But G1 phase cells reduced,S phase cells increased and G2/M period cells relative reduced in the Nrf2 inducer EGb group.Inverted phase contrast microscope and fluorescence microscope checked that ranging from the size of the bubble and autophagosome formed in Hepatoma HepG2 cytoplasmic of the Nrf2 inhibitor BML-111 group.Conclusions The Nrf2-ARE pathway played an reverse inhibition on HepG2 cells' proliferation and autophagy.After the inhibition of Nrf2-ARE pathway,HepG2 cells mostly stayed in the G1 phase of the cell cycle.

13.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 849-852, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429823

ABSTRACT

Hepatic carcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors in China.Autophagy activity and the change of Nrf2-ARE pathway play an important role in the process of liver tumors.Nrf2 which is an important regulator to liver cancer belongs to the CNC family.Research discovered that after the inhibition of autophagy,Nrf2-ARE pathway activation contributes to the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma.This article summarizes the relationship between autophagy and the Nrf2-ARE pathway and its impact on the hepatic carcinoma.

14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 191-193, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413252

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of NF-κB and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers E-cadherin and Vimentin proteins in human pancreatic cancer tissues and its relation with the malignant features. Methods The expression of NF-κB、E-cadherin and Vimentin proteins in 62 cases of pancreatic cancer tissues were detected by using immunohistochemistry and compared with the clinicopathological data of pancreatic cancer. Results The positive expression rate of NF-κB was 81% (50/62), Vimentin protein increased of expression was 61% (38/62), and E-cadherin protein loss of expression was 55 % (34/62) in pancreatic cancer. The positive expression rate of NF-κB was significantly related with the lymph node metastasis (x2=11.761, P<0.05), distant metastasis (x2=9.225, P<0.05), the absent expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin protein (r =0.352, P <0.05) and the positive expression of mesenchymal marker Vimentin protein (r=0.343, P <0.05), but there was no relation with the patients gender,age, tumor location, tumor type and tumor differentiation (P >0.05). In addition, the significant correlation of E-cadherin expression loss and Vimentin expression with tumor lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis was found (x 2= 6.914, 4.984, 7.753, 5.144, P <0.05). Conclusion The overexpression of NF-κB in pancreatic cancer may accelerate invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer through inducing EMT.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634717

ABSTRACT

The present study attempted to examine the effects of bile acid pool size on liver regeneration after hepatectomy. The rats were fed on 0.2% cholic acid (CA) or 2% cholestyramine for 7 days to induce a change in the bile acid size, and then a partial hepatectomy (PH) was performed. Rats fed on the normal diet served as the controls. Measurements were made on the rate of liver regeneration, the labeling indices of PCNA, the plasma total bile acids (TBA), and the mRNA expression of cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), farnesoid X receptor (FXR), and transcription factor c-Jun or c-fos. As compared with the normal and CA groups, the rate of liver regeneration was decreased on the day 3, and 7 after PH; the peak of the labeling indices of PCNA was delayed and the labeling indices were significantly reduced on the day 1; the TBA were also decreased on the day 1; the expression of FXR decreased but that of CYP7A1 increased at any given time; at the 1st, and 3rd h, the expression of c-Jun was declined in the cholestyramine group. The reduction in the bile acid pool size was found to delay the liver regeneration, which may be caused by the down-regulation of FXR and c-Jun expression.

16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 329-331, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379798

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical experiences of liver transplantation.Methods Of the nine patients, four operation was standard orthotopic liver transplantation,the latter five were the piggyback liver transplantation.The immunosuppressive protocols included methylprednisolone FK506 and mycophenolatemofeti. Meanwhile intravenous antihepatitis B immunoglobulin and Lamivudine were used to prevent hepatitis B recurrence.Results All patients were cured.Conclusion Liver transplantation can be employed for liver disease both cirrhosis and carcinoma as a conventional surgery.It is an effective way for the treatment of no metastatic liver carcinoma.The immunosuppressive protocols included methylprednisolone FK506 and mycophenolatemofeti,it can prevent immune rejection.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-530690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To detect the blood drug level of digoxin in order to offer reference about clinical safety and utility and rational use of cardiac glycoside drugs. METHODS: The plama concentration of digoxin was determined by fluorescence polarization immunization, and the monitoring rssults were subjected to statistical analysis. RESULTS: Of the total 126 cases who treated with digoxin, the blood drug concentration in 32(25.4%) was above 2.0 ng?mL-1,and it was 0.8~2.0 ng?mL-1 in 83(65.9%) and less than 0.8 ng?mL-1 in 11(8.7%); Toxic symptoms were noted in 16 cases(12.7%). CONCLUSION: To ensure clinical efficacy and reduce incidence of toxic reactions, it is of great importance to monitior the blood drug level and formulate individual dosage regimen.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544927

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the results of repairing furcation and root perforation using Mineral Trioxide Aggregate(MTA).Methods:Cases with furcation perforations were divided into two groups randomly,MTA and IRM(control group)methods were adopted in present study.Cases that had root perforations were treated with MTA.Pretreatment,immediate posttreatment,and 1year follow-up radiographs were evaluated in a double-blind manner to determine the presence or absence of any pathologic changes adjacent to the perforation site.Results:21 cases were involved.The healing rate of furcation perforation in MTA group was higher(80%)when compared with that in IRM group(75%).However,statistical analysis showed no significant difference in success rates between both groups(P=0.722).The healing rate of root perforation using MTA was 100%.Conclusion:MTA provides an effective seal of furcation /root perforations,and promises in improving the prognosis of perforated teeth.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-519613

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare a compound resorcinol liniment(RSA)for treating acne METHODS:To prepare RSA and observe its stability RESULTS:The quality of RSA was stable in the term of validity and its clinical effect rate amounted to 97 3% CONCLUSION:RSA is easy to prepare,the therapeutic effect is satisfactory,and its stability is good

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