Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 49
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 299-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992602

ABSTRACT

The acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults have a higher rate of neurological injury and early death compared with atlas or axial fractures alone. Currently, the diagnosis and treatment choices of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults are controversial because of the lack of standards for implementation. Non-operative treatments have a high incidence of bone nonunion and complications, while surgeries may easily lead to the injury of the vertebral artery, spinal cord and nerve root. At present, there are no evidence-based Chinese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults. To provide orthopedic surgeons with the most up-to-date and effective information in treating acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults, the Spinal Trauma Group of Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts in the field of spinal trauma to develop the Evidence-based guideline for clinical diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults ( version 2023) by referring to the "Management of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults" published by American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)/Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) in 2013 and the relevant Chinese and English literatures. Ten recommendations were made concerning the radiological diagnosis, stability judgment, treatment rules, treatment options and complications based on medical evidence, aiming to provide a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 204-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992589

ABSTRACT

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) combined with spinal fractures with thoracic and lumbar fracture as the most common type shows characteristics of unstable fracture, high incidence of nerve injury, high mortality and high disability rate. The diagnosis may be missed because it is mostly caused by low-energy injury, when spinal rigidity and osteoporosis have a great impact on the accuracy of imaging examination. At the same time, the treatment choices are controversial, with no relevant specifications. Non-operative treatments can easily lead to bone nonunion, pseudoarthrosis and delayed nerve injury, while surgeries may be failed due to internal fixation failure. At present, there are no evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture. In this context, the Spinal Trauma Academic Group of Orthopedics Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts to formulate the Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of adult ankylosing spondylitis combined with thoracolumbar fracture ( version 2023) by following the principles of evidence-based medicine and systematically review related literatures. Ten recommendations on the diagnosis, imaging evaluation, classification and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture were put forward, aiming to standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of such disorder.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 961-972, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956541

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) can lead to lower back pain and may be even accompanied by scoliosis, neurological dysfunction and other complications, which will affect the daily activities and life quality of patients. Vertebral augmentation is an effective treatment method for OVCF, but it cannot correct unbalance of bone metabolism or improve the osteoporotic status, causing complications like lower back pain, limited spinal activities and vertebral refracture. The post-operative systematic and standardized rehabilitation treatments can improve curative effect and therapeutic efficacy of anti-osteoporosis, reduce risk of vertebral refracture, increase patient compliance and improve quality of life. Since there still lack relevant clinical treatment guidelines for postoperative rehabilitation treatments following vertebral augmentation for OVCF, the current treatments are varied with uneven therapeutic effect. In order to standardize the postoperative rehabilitation treatment, the Spine Trauma Group of the Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized relevant experts to refer to relevant literature and develop the "Guideline for postoperative rehabilitation treatment following vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (2022 version)" based on the clinical guidelines published by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) as well as on the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement. The guideline provided evidence-based recommendations on 10 important issues related to postoperative rehabilitation treatments of OVCF.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1057-1066, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992551

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly will seriously reduce their quality of life and life expectancy. For osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly, spinal reconstruction is necessary, which should comprehensively consider factors such as the physical condition, fracture type, clinical characteristics and osteoporosis degree. While there lacks relevant clinical norms or guidelines on selection of spinal reconstruction strategies. In order to standardize the concept of spinal reconstruction for osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly, based on the principles of scientificity, practicality and progressiveness, the authors formulated the Clinical guideline for spinal reconstruction of osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in elderly patients ( version 2022), in which suggestions based on evidence of evidence-based medicine were put forward upon 10 important issues related to the fracture classification, non-operative treatment strategies and surgical treatment strategies in spinal reconstruction after osteoporosis thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly, hoping to provide a reference for clinical treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 376-385, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884721

ABSTRACT

Objective:Through histological analysis, immunofluorescence staining, electrophysiological detection and Sensory and motor function evaluation to investigate the effects of 3D printed hydrogel scaffold combined with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in promoting functional recovery of spinal cord injury.Methods:10% GelMA hydrogel and 10 6 U stem cell suspension were prepared into bioink of appropriate concentration to construct the biomimetic spinal cord scaffold through 3D printing platform. The scaffold was placed in the medium and cultured in an environment of 37 ℃ CO 2 incubator. The microstructure of the scaffolds and the distribution of BMSC in the scaffolds was observed by scanning electron microscope. CAM/PI staining and confocal microscopy were used to observe the survival of stem cells in the scaffolds and determine the biocompatibility of the scaffolds. The scaffolds were implanted into the subcutaneous tissues of the back of rats, and the subcutaneous tissues were determined by HE staining to detect the immunogenicity of the scaffolds. After the rat model of hemicytoma defect was made, stents were transplanted for treatment, and confocal microscopy was used to evaluate the regeneration of neurons and axons in local area of spinal cord injury. At the same time, BBB score was used to evaluate motor function, mechanical pain score was used to evaluate sensory function, and surface electrode detection method was used to evaluate electrophysiological recovery weekly. Results:The long spindle shaped BSMC were uniformly distributed in the scaffold with a loose reticular structure. The scaffolds had good biocompatibility, and the cell survival rate of the prepared scaffolds reached 96% after 24 hours of printing. After 28 days of subcutaneous transplantation, the immune rejection was mild and immunogenicity was low. It was shown that the regenerated spinal cord tissue in the treatment group was significantly increased compared with the control group, which was widely distributed with cells after 28 days by HE staining. It was confirmed that part of the regenerated spinal cord tissue was neurons by immunohistochemical staining.Compared with the injured group, the regeneration of neurons and axons in the treatment group were significantly increased by immunofluorescence staining and confocal microscopy. In the treatment group, the BBB score recovered to 10 points, while the control group only recovered to about 1 point in the first week, which was statistically significant. And it recovered to 17 in the fourth week, while the control group only recovered to about 4 point in the four week, which was statistically significant. The Angle of inclined plate support of the treatment group was restored to 40 degrees, while it was only restored to 22 degrees in the control group. The pain threshold of the treatment group decreased to 18.5 points, which was not statistically different from that of the control group. The latent recovery effect of electrophysiology in the treatment group was the same as that in the sham operation group and better than that in the control group.Conclusion:3D printing hydrogel scaffold with loose network structure is suitable for cell proliferation. It has well biological survival, low cytotoxicity and low immunogenicity, which promoted neurons and axons to recovery and extend so as to effectively promote the recovery of motor function, sensory function and neural signal transmission rate after spinal cord injury.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1098-1108, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869065

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of the new anterior cervical spine memory compression fixation device (GYZ memory alloy plate) and traditional titanium plate on the range of motion (ROM) and stress of the adjacent segment after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion.Methods:An adult male volunteer was recruited for a fee. After excluding cervical malformations, fractures, infections and other diseases, C 3-C 7 thin-layer CT scans were performed. Import the scanned data into the finite element modeling software to establish the finite element model of the physiological group and verify itseffectiveness. After C 5,6 discectomy, the intervertebral fusion device was inserted, and the anterior fixation was assisted by a conventional titanium plate or a new type of fixator. Thus, the finite element model of the traditional titanium plate group and the new fixer group was established. The three models were imported into the finite element analysis software ANSYS 16.0, and a vertical downward axial load of 73.6 N was loaded to simulate the head weight and the torque of 1.0 N·m to simulate the cervical spine flexion, extension, left lateral bending, right lateral bending, left rotation and right rotation.Compare the changes of intervertebral disc ROM and stress in adjacent segments of physiological group, traditional titanium plate group and new type fixator group. Results:The intervertebral disc ROM under six conditions was basically similar to the results of previous studies, and the model was effective. In the adjacent segment C 4,5, the three groups of activities in the flexion, extension, left lateral bending, right lateral bending, left rotation and right rotation conditions were: physiological group 3.9°, 4.2°, 3.7°, 3.7°, 2.2° and 2.2°, traditional titanium plate group 4.6°, 4.7°, 4.3°, 4.4°, 3.3° and 3.1°, and new fixture group 4.4°, 4.3°, 4.0°, 4.2°, 2.8° and 2.7°. The maximum stresses of the intervertebral discs under three different working conditions were: physiological group 1.81, 1.60, 3.99, 2.06, 3.63 and 3.41 MPa, traditional titanium plate group 1.86, 1.67, 4.21, 2.16, 3.82 and 3.63 MPa, and new fixture group 1.84, 1.64, 4.17, 2.14, 3.78 and 3.58 MPa. In the adjacent segment C 6,7, the activities of the three groups in six working conditions were: physiological group 3.1°, 3.2°, 2.5°, 2.5°, 1.2° and 1.3°, traditional titanium plate group 4.2°, 3.7°, 3.4°, 3.0°, 2.1° and 2.2°, and new fixture group 3.5°, 3.3°, 2.5°, 2.7°, 1.8° and 1.9°.The maximum stress of the intervertebral disc under three different working conditions was: physiological group 0.45, 0.66, 1.12, 0.85, 0.84 and 0.82 MPa, traditional titanium plate group 0.62, 0.93, 1.55, 1.24, 1.44 and 1.27 MPa, and new fixture group 0.61, 0.92, 1.54, 1.22, 1.07 and 1.24 MPa. The ROM and disc pressure of adjacent segments in the conventional titanium plate group were higher than those of the new fixator group. Conclusion:Compared with the traditional titanium plate, the new type of anterior cervical memory compression fixator has less effect on the ROM and stress of adjacent segments, which may slow down the process of adjacent segments degeneration to a certain extent.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 577-586, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867755

ABSTRACT

According to the pathological characteristics of symptomatic chronic thoracic and lumbar osteoporotic vertebral fracture (SCOVF), the different clinical treatment methods are selected, including vertebral augmentation, anterior-posterior fixation and fusion, posterior decompression fixation and fusion, and posterior correction osteotomy. However, there is still a lack of a unified understanding on how to choose appropriate treatment method for SCOVF. In order to reflect the new treatment concept and the evidence-based medicine progress of SCOVF in a timely manner and standardize its treatment, the clinical guideline for surgical treatment of SCOVF is formulated in compliance with the principle of scientificity, practicability and advancement and based on the level of evidence-based medicine.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 117-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867690

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Almost 70% of patients susceptible to 2019-nCoV are over age of 50 years, with extremely large proportion of critical illness and death of the elderly patients. Meanwhile, the elderly patients are at high risk of osteoporotic fractures especially osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). During the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, the orthopedists are confronted with the following difficulties including how to screen and protect OVCF patients, how to accurately diagnose and assess the condition of suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patients, and how to develop reasonable treatment plans and comprehensive protective measures in emergency and outpatient clinics. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19, the authors jointly develop this expert consensus to systematically recommend the standardized emergency and outpatient screening and confirmation procedures for OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and protective measures for emergency and outpatient clinics. Moreover, the consensus describes the grading and classification of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19 according to the severity of illness and recommends different treatment plans and corresponding protective measures.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 86-92, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867675

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of argatroban in repair of spinal cord injury in rats.Methods A total of 54 female Wistar rats were selected and divided into three groups according to the random number table:sham group,injury group and Argatroban group,with 18 rats in each group.The sham group only took the T101amina;the injury group used the spinal cord injury device to make the rat spinal cord injury model;the Argatroban group received Argatroban treatment after spinal cord injury.The recovery of hindlimb motor function was evaluated by BBB score and clined plate test before injury and 7,14,21,28,35 and 42 days after injury.The sensory evoked potentials (SEP) and motor evoked potentials (MEP) were detected 42 days after operation.HE staining was used to compare the size of the cavity in the local region 42 days after injury.Results At day 7 after injury,the BBB score was (3.7 ±0.5) points and the inclined plane test was (28.0 ± 2.6) ° in the Argatroban group,which were better than those in the injury group [(3.3 ± 0.5) points,(24.3 ± 1.9) °] (p < 0.05).At day 42 after injury,the BBB score was (13.0 ± 0.8) points and inclined plane test was (50.7 ± 2.7) ° in the Argatroban group,which were significantly better than those in the injury group [(9.7 ± 1.3) points,(40.5 ± 2.7)°] (p <0.05).But all the above values in the Argatroban group were significantly lower than those in the sham group [(21.0 ± 0.0) points,(60.0 ± 0.0) °] (P < 0.05).At day 42 after operation,the SEP latency [(25.0 ± 0.9)ms] in the Argatroban group was significantly shorter than that in the injury group [(31.5 ± 1.9) ms];the amplitude [(2.1 ± 0.1) μV] in the Argatroban group was lower than that in the injury group [(0.5 ± 0.1) μV] (P < 0.05).The MEP latency [(11.5 ± 1.0) ms]in the Argatroban group was significantly shorter than that in the injury group [(17.5 ± 1.1) ms],and the amplitude [(4.8 ± 0.8) μV] in the Argatroban group was lower than that in the injury group [(2.8 ± 0.7) μV] (P < 0.05).And the SEP or MEP latency and amplitude in the Argatroban group showed significant differences compared to the sham group [(7.5 ± 1.0) ms,(7.5 ± 1.0) μV] (P <0.05) . HE staining showed that the central area of the lesion in the Argatroban group [(0.35 ± 0.04) mm2]was significantly smaller than that in the injury group [(0.71 ± 0.05)mm2].Conclusion After spinal cord injury,argatroban can protect the spinal cord tissue effectively in the injured area and promote recovery of sensory and motor function in the hind limbs of rats.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 86-92, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798626

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of argatroban in repair of spinal cord injury in rats.@*Methods@#A total of 54 female Wistar rats were selected and divided into three groups according to the random number table: sham group, injury group and Argatroban group, with 18 rats in each group. The sham group only took the T10lamina; the injury group used the spinal cord injury device to make the rat spinal cord injury model; the Argatroban group received Argatroban treatment after spinal cord injury. The recovery of hindlimb motor function was evaluated by BBB score and clined plate test before injury and 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days after injury. The sensory evoked potentials (SEP) and motor evoked potentials (MEP) were detected 42 days after operation. HE staining was used to compare the size of the cavity in the local region 42 days after injury.@*Results@#At day 7 after injury, the BBB score was (3.7±0.5)points and the inclined plane test was (28.0±2.6)° in the Argatroban group, which were better than those in the injury group [(3.3±0.5)points, (24.3±1.9)°] (P<0.05). At day 42 after injury, the BBB score was (13.0±0.8)points and inclined plane test was (50.7±2.7)° in the Argatroban group, which were significantly better than those in the injury group [(9.7±1.3) points, (40.5±2.7)°] (P<0.05). But all the above values in the Argatroban group were significantly lower than those in the sham group [(21.0±0.0)points, (60.0±0.0)°](P<0.05). At day 42 after operation, the SEP latency [(25.0±0.9)ms] in the Argatroban group was significantly shorter than that in the injury group [(31.5±1.9) ms]; the amplitude [(2.1±0.1)μV] in the Argatroban group was lower than that in the injury group [(0.5±0.1)μV] (P<0.05). The MEP latency [(11.5±1.0)ms] in the Argatroban group was significantly shorter than that in the injury group [(17.5±1.1)ms], and the amplitude [(4.8±0.8)μV] in the Argatroban group was lower than that in the injury group [(2.8±0.7)μV] (P<0.05). And the SEP or MEP latency and amplitude in the Argatroban group showed significant differences compared to the sham group [(7.5±1.0)ms, (7.5±1.0)μV](P<0.05). HE staining showed that the central area of the lesion in the Argatroban group [(0.35±0.04)mm2] was significantly smaller than that in the injury group [(0.71±0.05)mm2].@*Conclusion@#After spinal cord injury, argatroban can protect the spinal cord tissue effectively in the injured area and promote recovery of sensory and motor function in the hind limbs of rats.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 117-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811517

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Almost 70% of patients susceptible to 2019-nCoV are over age of 50 years, with extremely large proportion of critical illness and death of the elderly patients. Meanwhile, the elderly patients are at high risk of osteoporotic fractures especially osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). During the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, orthopedists are confronted with the following difficulties including how to screen and protect OVCF patients, how to accurately diagnose and assess the condition of OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19, and how to develop reasonable treatment plans and comprehensive protective measures in emergency and outpatient clinics. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of patients with OVCF diagnosed with COVID-19, the authors jointly develop this expert consensus. The consensus systematically recommends the standardized emergency and outpatient screening and confirmation procedures for OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and protective measures for emergency and outpatient clinics. Moreover, the consensus describes the grading and classification of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19 according to the severity of illness and recommends different treatment plans and corresponding protective measures based on the different types and epidemic prevention and control requirements.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 673-676, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754697

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury has long been a major problem difficult to resolve in medicine, which brings heavy burdens to individuals, families and the society. Microenvironment imbalance after spinal cord injury is the main cause for poor nerve restoration. Besides, microenvironment imbalance after spinal cord injury has spatiotemporal specificity. It is necessary to accurately regulate the changes of microenvironment in different periods and clarify the therapeutic time window of different interventions to improve the therapeutic effect and reduce the related complications. However, the therapeutic time window of spinal cord injury is vague and general at present. This article mainly focused on the latest research progress in the time window of drug use, surgical operation, cell transplantation and rehabilitation for spinal cord injury, so as to provide references for clinical therapy strategies.

13.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 151-154,108, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606021

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the difference of DNA methylation levels between normal Schwann cells (NSCs) and activated Schwann cells (ASCs) in rats. Methods The adult Wistar rats were received sciatic nerve ligation and fed for 7 days. The ASCs and NSCs were separated from ligated sciatic nerves and brachial plexus respectively. Immunocytochemical staining of S-100 antibody was used to identify the cells. The growth condition of cells was detected by CCK-8 method. Methylated DNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeDIP-Seq) was applied to filter the differentially methylated regions in ASCs and NSCs. The distribution of differentially methylated genes related with axonal regeneration in chromosome was analyzed, and Gene ontology(GO)and PATHWAY analysis were also conducted. Results High purity of ASCs and NSCs were obtained successfully, which were both positive for S-100 antibody. In the same culture condition, ASCs showed a faster proliferation than that of NSCs. A total of 177 176 differentially methylated regions were found by MeDIP-Seq. Among them, 1 097 were located in the promoter (≤1 kb), 1 136 in the promoter (1-2 kb) and 567 on the CpG. After functional annotation of differentially methylated genes, 214 differentially methylated genes related with axonal regeneration were found in ASCs and NSCs. Compared with NSCs, 191 genes were up-regulated and 23 genes were down-regulated in ASCs. These genes were located on different chromosomes, most of which on chromosome 12 (22 genes) and the least on chromosomes M (2 genes). GO analysis indicated that the differential methylated genes were involved in axon growth, axon formation, axon elongation and axon guidance. The MAPK, cell adhesion molecules, Ras signaling pathway may be related with the differential methylated genes. Conclusion The methylation levels between ASCs and NSCs are significantly different, which are probably related with axon regeneration.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 370-377, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488657

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury (SCI),which lead to sensory and motor function impairment,refers to traumatic injury to the spinal cord.The main pathophysiological changing process can be divided into two phases:the preliminary injury phase and the secondary injury phase.Organ dysfunction,tissue necrosis,sensory and motor function of irreversible lesions and even death can be led by SCI and the secondary injury phase.In order to prevent the secondary injury and repair the injured central nerve system,medication,surgery,biomaterials transplantation and autologous peripheral nerve transplantation have been widely studied.However,these strategies can only reach a certain level of symptoms relieve and neural restoration,which cannot reach clinical satisfaction.Therefore,SCI has been treated as a global difficult and attractive topic.Since stem cells have the potential ability to promote neurons regeneration and/or even differentiate into neural like cells,they may also have anti-inflammatory,anti-apoptotic,anti-oxidative stress,and promote secretion of trophic factors and vascularization,they brought new hope for SCI patients.Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have attracted many researchers' attention for their multi characteristics including widely distribution,strong differentiation potential,easily isolating and storing and ethics avoiding.It has been proved that MSCs are effective for repairing SCI in vivo and vitro.In the latest 3 years,with the consummation of several clinical trials,a good prospect have been showed in the translation of MSCs transplantation into clinic.MSCs have been proved to have a significant prospect for clinical translation.At the same time,more specific issues were also raised.Thus,based on the latest 3 years clinical research and the author team's latest experimental results,we reviewed the MSCs on treating SCI from basic science to clinical trial and discussed its future development.

15.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1492-1495, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506491

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relation between vitamin D deficiency and susceptibility to spinal tuberculosis. Methods A total of 163 hospitalized patients with untreated spinal tuberculosis in Tianjin Haihe hospital were enrolled in this study from June 2013 to May 2016. A total of 170 individuals participated in health examination program at the same period were enrolled as the control group. The serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The 25(OH)D grading included serious deficiency group (0.05). In patient group, there were 107 cases of caseous necrosis type, 56 cases of hyperplasia type, and the proportion of caseous necrosis type was significantly higher in the severe deficiency group (79.17%, 76/96) than that of deficiency group (46.27%, 31/67, P<0.01). Conclusion Excluding the effect of season, vitamin D deficiency is associated with susceptibility to spinal tuberculosis and histopathologic classification.

16.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2856-2861, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464338

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:With the development of spinal cord injury study, different methods of establishing spinal cord injury models have emerged, including spinal cord contusion, fal ing weight, spinal compression, chemical burn, radiation, hormone, spinal transection and hemi-section. However, lots of them are not perfect enough. OBJECTIVE:To design the injury device of spinal cord injury and establish different degrees of spinal cord injury models. METHODS:To design the device of producing spinal cord injury and establish different degrees of spinal cord dorsal compression injury in Sprague-Dawley rats by various weights (m1=10 g, m2=20 g, m3=30 g) and time points (T1=3 s, T2=5 s). Rats were randomly divided as m1T1, m2T1, m3T1, m1T2, m2T2 and m3T2 groups. While sham group was also made. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) score in injury groups decreased significantly after operation, when compared with the sham group (P<0.01). The m 1T1 group showed no significant difference in BBB score from other groups (P<0.01). The BBB score of m1T2 group was significant higher than m2T2 group and m3T2 group at 8 weeks after operation (P<0.05). The somatosensory evoked potential and motion evoked potential of injury groups were longer than sham group at 8 weeks after operation (P<0.01). The motion evoked potential of each injury groups were significantly longer after operation (P<0.05). The somatosensory evoked potential was significantly longer in injury groups, except m1T1 and m1T2 groups (P<0.05). The self-designed device can be applied to establish different degrees of spinal cord injury models.

17.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 749-752, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461825

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of transplantation of human umbilical cord blood CD34+cells on spinal cord injury. Methods CD34+cells were separated from fresh human umbilical cord blood by magnetic cell sorting. Ninety-six female Wistar rats were injured at T10 by IMPACTOR MODEL-Ⅱ, and then randomly assigned to three groups:Cyclo?sporin A (CsA)+Dexamethasone (Dex) treated group (Ⅰ, n=32), local transplantation of cells+CsA+Dex treated group (Ⅱ) at the first day after operation (DAO 1, n=32), local transplantation of cells+CsA+Dex treated group (Ⅲ) at DAO 6 (n=32). BBB locomotor scoring system was used to assess the recovery of the lower limbs. The survival and neural differentiation of transplanted cells at the injury site were observed by double immunofluorescence. The tissue vitality at the injury site was ob?served by 2,3,5-triphenyl-2H-tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, and the blood vessel density was observed by infusing mixture of Chinese ink and glutin followed by HE staining. Results BBB score at DAO 8-56 was significantly higher inⅡgroup than that of other two groups (P<0.05). TTC staining showed that the proportion of decreased vitality area was signifi?cantly smaller inⅡgroup than that of other two groups (P<0.01). The result of gelatin ink perfusion showed that the blood vessel density at the injury site was significantly bigger inⅡgroup than that of other two groups (P<0.01). There were more survival transplanted cells inⅡgroup than those of III group (per visual field, 7.51 ± 1.00 vs 5.51 ± 0.89,t=6.051, P<0.01). All the transplanted cells didn’t differentiate into neural cells. Conclusion Human umbilical cord blood CD34+cells can promote the recovery of the lower limbs after spinal cord injury by repairing blood vessels to increase tissue vitality at the in?jury site in rats.

18.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 809-812, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470111

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the prevalence of health literacy in China in 2011-2013.Methods The eligible studies were identified by searching China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),Chinese BioMedical Literature Database (CBM),VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP),Wanfang database,PubMed and Embase.The Meta-analysis was applied with Stata 12.0 software.Subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis were performed to test the robust of the results.Results A total of 28 studies,including 53 308 residents,were finally included in the review.Meta-analysis revealed the prevalence of health literacy in China to be 16% (95%CI 15%-16%),and the prevalence of health concepts and knowledge was 25% (95%CI 25%-26%),and healthy lifestyles and behaviors was 13% (95%CI 12%-14%),and health skills was 32% (95%CI 31%-32%).Conclusions The health literacy levels of residents showed a rising trend.There were differences between rural and urban health literacy levels and different regions.Rural residents' health literacy level increased more significantly than that of the city.Due to limited kinds of methods,more scientific and effective methods were needed to evaluate the health literacy.

19.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5004-5010, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477274

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Fractures of shafts of the tibia and fibula are the most common diaphyseal fractures among al long bones. The clinical significance of fibula fixation in treatment of distal third shaft fractures is controversial, and the studies are also different. OBJECTIVE:To explore the clinical significance of fibular fixation in treatment of distal third tibia shaft fractures. METHODS:A retrospective review has been performed on the clinical data of sixty-four cases with distal third tibia shaft fracture in Department of Orthopedics, China National Offshore Oil Corporation General Hospital from January 2006 to March 2010. Al cases were divided into two groups based on whether the fibula was fixed or not: fibula fixation group (n=36) and fibula non-fixation group (n=28). Union rate of fracture, bone union time and tibial valgus angle were compared between the two groups. According to Merchant-Dietz criteria, the ankle range of motion and ankle evaluation score were evaluated and compared between the two groups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: No significant difference in union rate of fracture, bone union time and ankle range of motion was detected between two groups. Tibial valgus angle was smaler in the fibula fixation group (5.42±1.16)° than in the fibula non-fixation group (7.54±1.90)°(P=0.006). Ankle function score was higher in the fibula fixation group (93.58±0.97) than in the fibula non-fixation group (90.57±3.92) (P=0.000). Three cases in the fibula fixation group suffered from superficial wound infection, and achieved good healing after treatment of anti-infection and changing dresses. Above results verify that fibular fixation can reduce tibial valgus angle and improve ankle joint function in treatment of distal third tibia fractures.

20.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4915-4920, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476298

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The incidence of open fracture of the elbow joint is increased rapidly with an increased number of accidents. Fractures are often accompanied by severe soft tissue injuries. At present, a combined therapy of autologous skin grafting, vacuum sealing drainage and external fixation for the treatment of open fractures has been widely reported. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the characteristics of the combined therapy of autologous skin grafting, vacuum sealing drainage, and external fixation for repair of complex and severe open fracture of the elbow joint. METHODS:A total of 41 patients with complex and severe open fracture of the elbow joint who received the combined therapy of autologous skin grafting, vacuum sealing drainage and external fixation during January 2009 to December 2013 in General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, China were selected. Al patients were treated with routine debridement, external fixation and vacuum sealing drainage to cover wound during the first period. During the second period, autologous skin grafting or flap transfer was used to repair wound when the fresh granulation tissue covered the wound. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The postoperative folow-up period of these 41 patients was 8-22 months, with an average period of 13 months. External fixation period was 8-13 months with an average period of 9.8 months. The open wounds were completely healed after autologous skin grafting or skin flaps transfer. Fractures were healed in 31 patients during the first period. There were 7 cases of delayed union, 3 cases of nonunion. Al fractures were completely healed during 8-12 months after iliac bone grafting. The excelent and good rate of limb function recovery was 73.1% among 41 patients with severe open fracture of the elbow joint. The limb function of Gustilo II patients better recovered. These results suggest that the clinical effect of the combined therapy of autologous skin grafting, vacuum sealing drainage and external fixation for the treatment of complex and severe open fractures of the elbow joint is satisfactory.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL