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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with mental retardation.@*METHODS@#G-banded karyotyping analysis and single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP array) were used to detect the genetic variants within the family, and the origin of the variants was analyzed using UPDtool Statistics software.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 26-year-old female, was found to have a chromosomal karyotype of 46,XX,dup(4)(q28.2q31.3),and SNP array revealed a 25.71 Mb duplication at 4q28.2-q31.3. The duplication was inherited from her father, and her fetus was found to carry the same duplication.@*CONCLUSION@#The duplication of the patient probably underlay the mental retardation. The gender of the carrier and parental origin of the duplication might have led to the variation in their clinical phenotype.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Banding , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Karyotyping , Male , Pedigree , Trisomy/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911938

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of array comparative genomic hybridization(aCGH) in the unexpected detection of Duchenne muscular dystrophy ( DMD) gene duplication/deletion in prenatal diagnosis. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 31 cases with DMD gene duplication/deletion detected by aCGH among 5 025 prenatal diagnosis samples without family history of DMD in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from July 2018 to December 2019. The multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) method was used to verify the above results. The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guideline was referred for pathogenicity analysis of the detected duplicates/deletions. Descriptive analysis was adopted in analysis. Results:The total unexpected DMD gene duplication/deletion rate was 0.62% (31/5 025), among which 25 cases were with microduplication/microdeletion ≤ 200 kb and six were >200 kb; there were 24 cases of deletion, seven cases of duplication; exon or intron duplication/deletion were accounted for 19 and 12 cases, respectively. According to the five classification standards of ACMG guideline, there were 17 cases with pathogenic variants and 14 cases with uncertain pathogenicity/likely benign variants. Of the 19 with exon mutations, 17 cases were DMD intragenic variants, and two cases involved variants in and outside DMD gene, which were verified by MLPA whose results were all positive. Conclusions:The duplication/deletion of exon region of DMD gene detected by aCGH technique is accurate and reliable, which plays an important role in the diagnosis of DMD. For these cases involved both internal and external regions of DMD gene, aCGH can identify the upstream and downstream breaking points of DMD gene, thus providing the basis for ACMG grading.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 168-175, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885491

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the diagnosis features of the prenatal genetic diagnosis of fetal renal cystic disease and to explore the clinical feasibility and significance of prenatal genetic diagnosis of congenital cystic nephrosis.Methods:A total of 25 fetuses with congenital renal cystic disease were examined via invasive prenatal diagnosis in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from June 2017 to September 2019. Amniotic fluid samples were extracted by amniocentesis. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were performed in 17 cases. In addition to CMA, the other 8 cases were analyzed by G-band karyotype. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed in 6 cases which got normal results by CMA and karyotype, and highly suspected as hereditary disease.Results:Of the 25 fetuses assessed, 4 cases (16.0%) pathogenic copy number variation (pCNV) were found, including 2 cases of 17q12 deletion, 1 case of 10p15.1p14 deletion and 1 case of 4q21.28q22.1 deletion(including PKD2 gene). There were 8 cases without chromosome abnormality by karyotype analysis. Six clinical WES analysis found NPHS1 gene c.1440+1 G>A and c.925G > T mutations were related to Finnish type congenital nephrotic syndrome in 1 case, PKD1 gene c.6878C>T mutation was related to autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) in 1 case, and there was no definitive mutation in 4 cases. Conclusions:CMA and next generation sequencing are powerful tools for accurate diagnosis, treatment and genetic counseling of fetal congenital renal cystic diseases. For congenital cystic nephropathy, genetic detection is helpful to clarify the etiology, and provide more exactly informations for prognosis evaluation, treatment and family genetic counseling.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the genetic etiology of a child with epilepsy accompanied by motor retardation.Methods:A patient with epilepsy and motor retardation in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital in January 2020 and his parents′ peripheral blood 2 mL were collected.G-banded karyotyping and array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) were used to analyze the duplication / deletion of chromosome segments in child and her pa-rents.Results:The karyotype of the patient revealed 46, XX, and add(19)(p13.3→qter), whereas aCGH detected a 9.50 Mb duplication at 19q13.33q13.43[arr(hg19)(49593920_59092570)×3]. This region contains 471 genes.No abnormality was discovered in the karyotyping and aCGH analysis of the patient′s parents.The phenotypes of the patient conformed to the previously reported clinical characteristics of 19q13.3 duplication.Conclusions:The de novo 19q13.3 duplication is the cause of epilepsy and motor development retardation for the patient.Combined with aCGH, the traditional G banding is valuable to diagnose the patient with developmental delay.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 97-102, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799611

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To provide experimental evidence for genetic counseling and prenatal molecular diagnosis by analyzing the clinical characteristics and screening for pathogenic genes of a five-generation suspected multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) family (17 patients).@*Methods@#The family members' medical history, general physical examination and hip joint X-ray examination were collected. Peripheral blood samples of the family members were collected and DNA were extracted from these samples. The exons of clinical genes from probands' DNA were sequenced by High throughput sequencing method. Next Gene software was used to compare and analyze the sequence and INGENUITY software was further used to annotate the mutations in order to find the pathogenic mutations in probands. The suspicious mutations were confirmed in pedigree members by PCR and Sanger sequencing.@*Results@#The family consisted of 5 generations and 38 members. Pedigree analysis was consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance. There were 17 patients in the family, and their clinical manifestations showed abnormal walking posture in childhood, pain in hip and knee joints, and typical pathological changes of epiphyseal dysplasia on X-ray. Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) gene c.1153G>A (p.Asp385Asn) missense heterozygous mutation was screened in proband, which was genotypically and phenotypically segregated in the pedigree.@*Conclusion@#A missense mutation of the comp gene has been identified in a pedigree affected with MED which was the first reported in a big family. Our result is conducive to the further diagnosis and treatment and also provides a molecular basisfor the future prenatal diagnosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865772

ABSTRACT

In 2014, the training of clinical medical genetics was included in the training sequence of resident standardized training in China. The standardized training of clinical geneticist in China started relatively late. As a whole, the training and qualification system of clinical hereditary physicians are still in the process of development and perfection. Based on "Rules for the training of department of medical genetics", basic medical genetics resident training system was established in Henan Provincial People's Hospital. Additionally, we took advantage of interactive online education platform, multiple disciplinary team, the analysis of positive case report, literature report and other teaching practices combined with the tutor system. After 4 years of exploration and practice, the program can quickly improve the residents' comprehensive ability, such as theoretical knowledge, professional literacy, clinical practice skills, and scientific research ability.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879481

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with hereditary spastic paraplegia type 4 (HSP4).@*METHODS@#Peripheral venous blood samples were taken from members of the four-generation pedigree and 50 healthy controls for the extraction of genomic DNA. Genes associated with peripheral neuropathy and hereditary spastic paraplegia were captured and subjected to targeted capture and next-generation sequencing. The results were confirmed by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#DNA sequencing suggested that the proband has carried a heterozygous c.1196C>G variant in exon 9 of the SPAST gene, which can cause substitution of serine by threonine at position 399 (p.Ser399Trp) and lead to change in the protein function. The same variant was also detected in other patients from the pedigree but not among unaffected individuals or the 50 healthy controls. Based on the ACMG 2015 guidelines, the variant was predicted to be possibly pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1196C>G variant of the SPAST gene probably underlay the HSP4 in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Humans , Mutation , Paraplegia/genetics , Pedigree , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Spastic Paraplegia, Hereditary/genetics , Spastin/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with supravalvular aortic stenosis.@*METHODS@#The child and his parents were subjected to conventional G-banding karyotyping, array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis.@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was detected in the child and his parents. aCGH has identified a de novo 278 kb deletion encompassing the ELN gene in 7q11.23, which overlapped with the critical region of Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS). MLPA has confirmed above findings.@*CONCLUSION@#The proband was diagnosed with atypical WBS. Deletion of the ELN gene may predispose to supravalvular aortic stenosis in the proband.


Subject(s)
Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular , Genetics , Child , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 , Genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Gene Deletion , Genetic Testing , Humans , Williams Syndrome , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781277

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect variants of ARSA gene in a child featuring late infantile metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD).@*METHODS@#PCR and Sanger sequencing was carried out for the patient and her parents.@*RESULTS@#The patient had typical features of MLD including ARSA deficiency, regression of walking ability, and demyelination. Compound heterozygous variants of the ARSA gene, namely c.960G>A and c.244C>T, were detected in the patient, for which her mother and father were respectively heterozygous carriers. ARSA c.960G>A was known to be pathogenic, while ARSA c.244C>T was a novel variant. The same variants were not detected among 50 healthy controls.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants c.960G>A and c.244C>T of the ARSA gene probably underlie the MLD in this patient.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 363-365, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870291

ABSTRACT

A female patient aged 7 years and 5 months presented with multiple skin defects of the scalp, ears, hands and in the sacrococcygeal region, and multiple joint flexion contractures of the extremities for more than 7 years. Skin examination showed skin defects of the scalp, auricles, hands and in the sacrococcygeal region, gingival swelling, and multiple joint flexion contractures of the extremities. Genetic testing of the peripheral blood revealed 2 compound heterozygous mutations c.1073delC (A359Lfs*51) and c.1073dupC (A359Cfs*13) in the anthrax toxin receptor-2 ( ANTXR2) gene in the patient, which were inherited from her mother and father respectively. The patient was diagnosed with hyaline fibromatosis syndrome. Surgical treatment was rejected, and anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics and other drugs were administered for symptomatic treatment. During follow-up of half a year, the child occasionally had mild diarrhea, and other symptoms did not progress markedly.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 97-102, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868951

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide experimental evidence for genetic counseling and prenatal molecular diagnosis by analyzing the clinical characteristics and screening for pathogenic genes of a five-generation suspected multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) family (17 patients).Methods The family members' medical history,general physical examination and hip joint X-ray examination were collected.Peripheral blood samples of the family members were collected and DNA were extracted from these samples.The exons of clinical genes from probands' DNA were sequenced by High throughput sequencing method.Next Gene software was used to compare and analyze the sequence and INGENUITY software was further used to annotate the mutations in order to find the pathogenic mutations in probands.The suspicious mutations were confirmed in pedigree members by PCR and Sanger sequencing.Results The family consisted of 5 generations and 38 members.Pedigree analysis was consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance.There were 17 patients in the family,and their clinical manifestations showed abnormal walking posture in childhood,pain in hip and knee joints,and typical pathological changes of epiphyseal dysplasia on X-ray.Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) gene c.1153G > A (p.Asp385Asn) missense heterozygous mutation was screened in proband,which was genotypically and phenotypically segregated in the pedigree.Conclusion A missense mutation of the comp gene has been identified in a pedigree affected with MED which was the first reported in a big family.Our result is conducive to the further diagnosis and treatment and also provides a molecular basisfor the future prenatal diagnosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776820

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular mechanism of a girl with developmental delay and intellectual disability.@*METHODS@#Chromosomal karotypes of the child and her parents were analyzed with routine G-banding method. Their genomic DNA was also analyzed with array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) for chromosomal duplications/deletions.@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was detected in the child and her parents, while aCGH has identified a de novo 3.37 Mb deletion at 17p11.2 in the child.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed with Smith-Magenis syndrome, for which RAI1 may be the causative gene.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Duplication , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Female , Humans , Karyotyping , Smith-Magenis Syndrome , Genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic diagnosis for a pedigree affected with cutis laxa.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from members of the pedigree and 50 unrelated healthy controls. Potential mutation was screened by next-generation sequencing and verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#A heterozygous c.1985delG mutation was identified in the ELN gene among all patients from this pedigree. The same mutation was not found among unaffected family members and 50 healthy controls.@*CONCLUSION@#The genetic etiology for the pedigree has been elucidated, which has enabled genetic counseling and guidance for reproduction.


Subject(s)
Cutis Laxa , Genetics , Elastin , Genetics , Heterozygote , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776799

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal diagnosis for a fetus with ultrasonographic abnormality.@*METHODS@#Chromosomal karyotyping and array comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) analysis were applied for the diagnosis. Peripheral blood samples were also taken from the parents for chromosome karyotyping analysis.@*RESULTS@#The fetal karyotype showed additional material of unknown-origin attached to Yq. Array CGH analysis confirmed that the material was derived from 3q22.1q29. The father was found to carry a balanced translocation 46, X, t(Y;3)(q12;q23) (which was diagnosed as 46,XY,Y≥18 elsewhere), whilst the mother was found to be normal.@*CONCLUSION@#3q partial trisomy may present as malformation of multiple systems. Combination of chromosome karyotyping and array-CGH can provide reliable diagnosis for fetuses with abnormalities by ultrasonography.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 , Genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Female , Fetus , Humans , Karyotyping , Male , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776770

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of uniparental disomy (UPD) on bipartite and tripartite paternity testing.@*METHODS@#Two cases of paternity testing were analyzed by multiplex amplification and capillary electrophoresis typing. Suspected UPD was verified by using single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array). Parental power index was calculated by using a bipartite or tripartite model.@*RESULTS@#The two cases were found to harbor respectively three short tandem repeats on chromosome 2 and two short tandem repeats on chromosome 15. SNP array verified that both cases were of UPD. Case 1 had a parental power index of 122274987565.23 by a tripartite model, while case 2 had a parental power index of 13500.8463 by a bipartite model. Based on the technical specification, the conclusions supported a biological parent-child relationship in both cases.@*CONCLUSION@#UPD may lead to misjudgment of paternity testing. The possibility of UPD should be considered when certain loci which do not conform to Mendelian inheritance have aggregated to one chromosome.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2 , Genetics , Humans , Microsatellite Repeats , Paternity , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Uniparental Disomy , Genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776766

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a family with non-syndromic autosomal recessive deafness.@*METHODS@#The proband and her parents were subjected to physical and audiological examinations. With genomic DNA extracted from peripheral blood samples, next-generation sequencing was carried out using a panel for deafness genes. Suspected mutation was validated by Sanger sequencing and qPCR analysis of her parents.@*RESULTS@#The proband presented bilateral severe sensorineural hearing loss at three days after birth. Her auditory threshold was 110-120 dBnHL but with absence of vestibular and retinal symptoms. Her brother also had deafness but her parents were normal. No abnormality was found upon physical examination of her family members, while audiological examination showed no middle ear or retrocochlear diseases. Next-generation sequencing identified compound heterozygous mutations of the MYO7A gene, including a previously known c.462C>A (p. Cys154Ter) and a novel EX43_46 Del, which were respectively derived from her mother and father.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous mutations of the MYO7A gene probably underlie the disease in this family. Our findings has enriched the mutation spectrum for non-syndromic autosomal recessive deafness 2.


Subject(s)
Female , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Male , Mutation , Myosins , Genetics , Pedigree
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for a family affected with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD).@*METHODS@#Multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to detect potential deletion and duplication of the Dystrophin gene. Haplotype analysis was performed using five short tandem repeat polymorphism loci (3'-STR, 5'-STR, 45-STR, 49-STR, 50-STR of the DMD gene.@*RESULTS@#A same deletional mutation (exons 51-55) of the DMD gene was detected in two brothers but not in their mother. The patients and fetus have inherited different haplotypes of the Dystrophin gene from their mother, suggesting that the fetus was unaffected.@*CONCLUSION@#The mother was very likely to harbor germline mosaicism for the Dystrophin gene variant. Genetic testing of peripheral blood samples cannot rule out germline mosaicism in the mother. Prenatal diagnosis should be provided for subsequent pregnancies in this family.


Subject(s)
Dystrophin , Genetics , Exons , Female , Gene Deletion , Germ-Line Mutation , Humans , Male , Mosaicism , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus suspected for congenital nephrotic syndrome of Finland (CNF).@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral and umbilical cord blood samples derived from both parents and the fetus. Potential variants were detected by using next-generation sequencing. Suspected variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to carry compound heterozygous variants c.1440+1G>A and c.925G>T of the NPHS1 gene, which were respectively inherited from its mother and father.@*CONCLUSION@#Identification of the compound heterozygous NPHS1 variants has enabled diagnosis of CNF in the fetus and genetic counseling for the affected family.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetus , Finland , Heterozygote , Humans , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Nephrotic Syndrome , Diagnosis , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for a family affected with distal hereditary motor neuronopathy V (dHMN V).@*METHODS@#Potential mutations of the GARS and BSCL2 genes were analyzed with PCR and Sanger sequencing. Suspected mutation was verified among unaffected members of the family and 100 healthy controls. Prenatal diagnosis was provided based on the above results.@*RESULTS@#Sequencing analysis has identified a heterozygous c.269C>T (p.S90L) mutation in the BSCL2 gene, which resulted in replacement of Serine (TCG) to Leucine (TTG). The same mutation was found in all other 3 patients from the pedigree but not among unaffected members or the 100 healthy controls. By prenatal diagnosis, the fetus did not carry the above mutation.@*CONCLUSION@#Pathogenic mutation of BSCL2 gene probably underlies the dHMN V in this pedigree, which enabled prenatal diagnosis for the proband.


Subject(s)
Female , GTP-Binding Protein gamma Subunits , Humans , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772011

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic features of a patient suspected with Juvenile Parkinson's syndrome (JP).@*METHODS@#Clinical features of the patient were analyzed. Genomic DNA of the patient and his parents was extracted from peripheral blood samples and sequenced by exome capture sequencing. The nature and impact of detected mutations were predicted and validated.@*RESULTS@#The patient displayed typical features including resting tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, but with excellent response to low dose levodopa. DNA sequencing showed that she has carried compound heterozygous mutations of the Parkin gene, namely c.1381dupC and c.619-1G>C, which were respectively inherited from his mother and father. Neither mutation was reported previously. Bioinformatic analysis predicted that both mutations are pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The patient has JP caused by mutations of the Parkin gene. Exome capture sequencing is an accurate and efficient method for genetic diagnosis of such disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Base Sequence , Female , Humans , Mutation , Parkinson Disease , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Whole Exome Sequencing
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