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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 353-360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996238

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen the differentially expressed genes (DEG) related to inflammatory response associated with the prognosis of colon cancer based on the bioinformatics approach, and to construct and validate a prognostic model for colon cancer.Methods:RNA sequencing and clinical data of 472 colon cancer patients and normal colon tissues of 41 healthy people were retrieved from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Gene expression related to prognosis of colon cancer and clinical data were retrieved from the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) database. The retrieval time was all from the establishment of library to November 2022. A total of 200 genes associated with inflammatory response obtained from the Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) database were compared with the RNA sequencing gene dataset of colon cancer and normal colon tissues obtained from the TCGA database, and then DEG associated with inflammatory response were obtained. The prognosis-related DEG in the TCGA database were analyzed by using Cox proportional risk model, and the inflammatory response-related DEG were intersected with the prognosis-related DEG to obtain the prognosis-related inflammatory response-related DEG. The prognostic model of colon cancer was constructed by using LASSO Cox regression. Risk scores were calculated, and colon cancer patients in the TCGA database were divided into two groups of low risk (< the median value) and high risk (≥the median value) according to the median value of risk scores. Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed on patients in both groups, and survival analysis was performed by using Kaplan-Meier method. The efficacy of risk score in predicting the overall survival (OS) of colon cancer patients in the TCGA database was analyzed based on the R software timeROC program package. Clinical data from the ICGC database were applied to externally validate the constructed prognostic model, and patients with colon cancer in the ICGC database were classified into high and low risk groups based on the median risk score of patients with colon cancer in the TCGA database. By using R software, single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGESA), immunophenotyping difference analysis, immune microenvironment correlation analysis, and immune checkpoint gene difference analysis of immune cells and immune function were performed for prognosis-related inflammation response-related DEG in the TCGA database.Results:A total of 60 inflammatory response-related DEG and 12 prognosis-related DEG were obtained; and 6 prognosis-related inflammatory response-related DEG (CCL24, GP1BA, SLC4A4, SRI, SPHK1, TIMP1) were obtained by taking the intersection set. LASSO Cox regression analysis showed that a prognostic model for colon cancer was constructed based on 6 prognosis-related inflammatory response-related DEG, and the risk score was calculated as = -0.113×CCL24+0.568×GP1BA+ (-0.375)×SLC4A4+(-0.051)×SRI+0.287×SPHK1+0.345×TIMP1. PCA results showed that patients with colon cancer could be better classified into 2 clusters. The OS in the high-risk group was worse than that in the low-risk group in the TCGA database ( P < 0.001); the area of the curve (AUC) of the prognostic risk score for predicting the OS rates of 1-year, 3-year, 5-year was 0.701, 0.685, and 0.675, respectively. The OS of the low-risk group was better than that of the high-risk group in the ICGC database; AUC of the prognostic risk score for predicting the OS rates of 1-year, 2-year, 3-year was 0.760, 0.788, and 0.743, respectively. ssGSEA analysis showed that the level of immune cell infiltration in the high-risk group in the TCGA database was high, especially the scores of activated dendritic cells, macrophages, neutrophils, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, T helper cells, and follicular helper T cells in the high-risk group were higher than those in the low-risk group, while the score of helper T cells 2 (Th2) in the high-risk group was lower compared with that in the low-risk group (all P < 0.05); in terms of immune function, the high-risk group had higher scores of antigen-presenting cell (APC) co-inhibition, APC co-stimulation, immune checkpoint, human leukocyte antigen (HLA), promotion of inflammation, parainflammation, T-cell stimulation, type Ⅰ interferon (IFN) response, and type ⅡIFN response scores compared with those in the low-risk group (all P < 0.05). The results of immunophenotyping analysis showed that IFN-γ-dominant type (C2) had the highest inflammatory response score, and the differences were statistically significant when compared with trauma healing type (C1) and inflammatory response type (C3), respectively (all P < 0.05). Immune microenvironment stromal cells and immune cells were all positively correlated with prognostic risk scores ( r values were 0.35 and 0.21, respectively, both P < 0.01). The results of immune checkpoint difference analysis showed there was a statistically significant difference in programmed-death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression level between high-risk group and low-risk group ( P = 0.002), and PD-L1 expression level was positively correlated with prognostic risk score ( r = 0.23, P < 0.01). Conclusions:Inflammatory response-related genes may play an important role in tumor immunity of colon cancer and can be used in the prognostic analysis and immunotherapy of colon cancer patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 146-151, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990824

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the common causes and solutions for artifacts in clinical visual electrophysiological examination.Methods:A cross-sectional study was performed.The clinical visual electrophysiological examination results of 25 001 cases were collected from 2012 to 2020 at the Southwest Hospital/Southwest Eye Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University). Artifacts were identified and analyzed according to the standard waveform provided by the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision.The characteristics and causes of the artifact were analyzed.The solutions to reduce and eliminate the artifact were proposed.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Southwest Hospital/Southwest Eye Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University) (No.KY2020053).Results:There were 60 typical artifacts identified among the 25 001 cases.Common causes of the artifacts were classified as three categories, the factors related to subjects, environment, or instruments.Among the 60 cases, 42(70.0%) were caused by tension in head and facial muscles of patients, 9(15.0%) due to blinking of patients, 4(6.7%) resulted from 50 Hz power frequency artifact, 2(3.3%) arisen from abnormal amplifier, and 3(5.0%) for other reasons.The strategies to avoid artifact were as follows.First, examiners could inform patients of the examination process in advance to help patients to relax and avoid the influencing factors, such as muscle tension in head and face, blinking, inattention and so on; second, high-quality 50 Hz hardware wave trap was recommended to reduce 50 Hz artifact, with good ground connection and removing of the high-power electrical appliances near the visual electrophysiological instrument; third, clean the skin sufficiently to reduce the reference electrode impedance to less than 1 kΩ.Conclusions:There is a variety of artifact waveforms and causes.The technicians should make correct judgments and handle the artifact in time to provide more accurate examination results.The doctors should know about artifact, which is helpful for better interpretation of visual electrophysiological examination reports.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4655-4660, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011190

ABSTRACT

In our retrospective cohort study, we aim to explore whether Azvudine modifies the risk of death in COVID-19 patients. It was conducted on the medical records of patients, consecutively admitted for COVID-19 pneumonia to two hospitals in Chongqing, China. Based on Azvudine treatment exposure, the patients were divided into Azvudine group and non-Azvudine group. We used 1:2 ratio propensity score matching (PSM) in our study to adjust for confounding factors and differences between Azvudine and non-Azvudine groups. There were 1072 patients included in our original cohort. With 1:2 ratio PSM, the Azvudine group included 195 patients and non-Azvudine group included 390 patients. The results showed that Azvudine treatment was associated with improved in-hospital mortality in overall population (OR 0.375, 95% CI 0.225-0.623, P < 0.001), severe subgroup (OR 0.239, 95% CI 0.107-0.535, P = 0.001), critical subgroup (OR 0.091, 95% CI 0.011-0.769, P = 0.028) in matched cohort with univariate analysis. And there was a significantly lower in-hospital mortality in overall population (11% vs. 24%, P<0.001), severe sub-group (10% vs. 32%, P < 0.001) and critical sub-group (5% vs. 34%, P = 0.017) in matched cohort. These results suggest Azvudine can reduce in-hospital mortality in overall COVID-19 patients, severe, and critical subgroup population.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 338-345, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934682

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of prognostic model based on ferroptosis-related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) in predicting the prognosis of patients with colon cancer.Methods:Ferroptosis-related genes were downloaded from FerrDb database, and the RNA sequencing gene data and clinical data of colon cancer patients from the establishment of the database to November 2021 were downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Through R3.6.3 software, the colon cancer gene expression data obtained from TCGA database and ferroptosis-related genes obtained from FerreDb database were analyzed to obtain differentially expressed ferroptosis-related genes in colon cancer and normal tissues. The expression correlation between ferroptosis-related genes and lncRNA in colon cancer was calculated by using R3.6.3 software to determine ferroptosis-related lncRNA in colon cancer. The survival-related differentially expressed ferroptosis-related lncRNA was screened and included in the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model to construct a colon cancer prognosis model; and the risk score of colon cancer patients was calculated by the prognostic model according to the lncRNA expression. According to the median risk score, the clinical cases collected from TCGA database were divided into high-risk group and low-risk group with 223 cases in each group. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed for the two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the effect of prognostic model risk score and clinical characteristics on predicting the survival of all patients. GSEA 4.1.0 software was used for gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) of lncRNA in high-risk and low-risk groups, and ggpubr package of R3.6.3 software was used for single sample GSEA (ssGSEA) of immune cells and immune function of differentially expressed lncRNA between high-risk and low-risk groups.Results:According to the intersection of ferroptosis-related genes and differentially expressed genes obtained from databases, 65 differentially expressed ferroptosis-related genes were obtained, and 24 lncRNA related to the prognosis of colon cancer were analyzed, and then prognostic model was constructed based on lncRNA. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the survival of low-risk group was better than that of high-risk group ( P < 0.001); ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of 1-, 2-, 3-year survival predicted by the prognostic model risk score was more than 0.75, and the AUC of 1-year survival predicted by the risk score for all patients was greater than age, gender, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN), T staging, N staging and M staging. GSEA showed that differentially expressed lncRNA in high-risk and low-risk groups concentrated in tumor and immune-related pathways; ssGSEA showed that there were differences in T cells, macrophages, mast cells, neutrophils, immune stimulation, human leukocyte antigen, type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ interferon response between high-risk group and low-risk group (all P < 0.05), and the expression levels of CD200 and TNFRSF14 at the immune checkpoint were significantly different (both P < 0.01). Conclusions:Ferroptosis-related lncRNA may play an important role in tumor immunity of colon cancer, and it can be used for the prognosis analysis of patients with colon cancer.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 817-825, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958942

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of pyroptosis-related genes in colon cancer cells screened by bioinformatics, and to verify the constructed prognostic model of colon cancer based on differentially expressed pyroptosis-related genes.Methods:Genetic data of RNA sequencing and clinical data of colon cancer patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Fifty-two genes associated with pyroptosis were identified by searching the literature and compared with the RNA sequencing gene dataset of colon cancer and normal colon tissues obtained from TCGA database to obtain differentially expressed pyroptosis-related genes in clinical samples. The protein interaction network of differentially expressed pyroptosis-related genes was analyzed by using STRING website and R software. Based on the differential expression of pyroptosis-related genes in clinical samples of TCGA database, colon cancer patients in TCGA database were divided into pyroptosis and non-pyroptosis groups, and genes with significant differential expression between the two groups were screened at P < 0.05 according to gene expression; based on these differentially expressed genes, LASSO Cox regression was used to construct a prognostic model of colon cancer associated with pyroptosis. Patients collected from TCGA database were divided into high risk (≥ median value) and low risk (< median value) groups according to the median value of risk scores calculated by the model, and the overall survival of the two groups was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival function. The time ROC package of R software was used to analyze the efficacy of applying risk scores to predict the different survival time of colon cancer patients in TCGA database. Multivariate Cox regression was used to analyze the effects of clinicopathological factors and risk scores calculated by the model on the survival of patients in TCGA database. R software was used to analyze and obtain the differential genes between high and low risk groups of colon cancer patients in TCGA database. R software was used to conduct Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis and single sample gene set enrichment analysis of immune cells and immune function (ssGESA) for differentially expressed pyroptosis-related genes. Results:Thirty-eight differentially expressed pyroptosis-related genes between colon cancer tissues and normal tissues of clinical samples were obtained based on data of TCGA database. A prognostic model consisting of 13 pyroptosis-related genes was established by applying LASSO Cox regression, the risk score = 0.118×MID2+0.354×IL20RB+0.083×HOXC11+0.011×TMEM88+0.021×SYNGR3+0.246×UPK3B+0.030×EGFL7+0.109×TMPRSS11E+0.138×IFITM10+0.161×RNF207+0.097×LINGO1+0.202×HEYL+0.025×ROBO3. Survival analysis showed that TCGA database had worse overall survival in the high-risk group than in the low-risk group ( P < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of the prognostic model risk score in predicting the survival of colon cancer patients in TCGA database at 1, 3 and 5 years was all > 0.7. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that risk score was an independent influencing factor for survival of colon cancer patients in TCGA database (high risk vs. low risk HR = 3.988, 95% CI 2.865-5.551, P < 0.001). GO and KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes between high and low risk groups (SULF1, FBLN2, COL1A1, DES, SFRP2, FNDC1, MYH11, APOE, C3, SPP1, COL1A2, COL10A1, THBS2, AEBP1, CNN1, IGHG1, and SFRP4) were upregulated in the high risk group, which were mainly associated with cellular matrix structural components and extracellular matrix (ECM) receptor interactions. ssGSEA analysis showed that the level of immune cell infiltration was higher in high risk group, especially B cells, macrophages, mast cells, helper T cells, and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes were higher than those in low risk group; for immune function, chemokine receptors, immune checkpoints, human leukocyte antigens, parainflammation, T cell suppression, T-cell stimulation, and type Ⅱ interferon response in high risk group were higher than those in low risk group. Conclusions:The constructed prognostic model of colon cancer based on pyroptosis-related genes is valuable for predicting the prognosis of colon cancer patients. Pyroptosis-related genes may play an important role in tumor immunity of colon cancer and can be used for prognostic analysis of colon cancer patients.

6.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 136-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the differentially expressed genes in chronic periodontitis (CP) and to explore the correlation with disease severity.Methods:Gene expression profile data associated with CP were screened in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and analyzed with GEO2R online software to create volcano maps. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEEG) and Gene Ontology (GO) analyses were performed on the screened CP-associated differentially expressed genes to predict their possible functions and signaling pathways. The protein-protein interaction database (STRING) was used to analyze the interaction relationships between the encoded proteins of the screened CP-related differentially expressed genes. Cytohubba software was used to identify key genes in the signaling pathway. One120 CP patients and 40 healthy controls were selected. The screened CP-related genes were validated by the real-time polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) method.Results:A total of 1 151 CP differentially expressed genes that met the requirements were screened. These genes were mainly enriched in the GO pathway for positive regulation of granulocyte differentiation, helper T-cell differentiation, leukocyte aggregation, regulation of acute inflammatory response, chemokine-mediated and endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response, as well as in the KEGG pathway for NFB pathway, chemokine pathway, cytokine receptor interaction, leukocyte transendothelial migration pathway, B-cell receptor pathway, Toll-like receptor pathway, etc. The protein-protein interaction network was constructed using the screened CP-related differentially expressed genes, which included 78 nodes and 496 links, with a mean aggregation coefficient and mean connectivity of 0.69 and 12.7, respectively. Cytohubba analysis showed that Sell was a key gene in the signaling pathway, and its relative expression levels in the gingival fluids of the three CP groups with different degrees(1.14±0.46, 0.86±0.41, 0.52±0.46) was significantly lower than that of the control group (1.50±0.65) (all P<0.05). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of subjects diagnosed with CP using Sell expression levels in gingival fluid was 0.79 (95% CI: 0.71 to 0.86). The AUC values were greater than 0.65 at 95% CI when Sell was used as a biological marker to evaluate the severity of CP. Conclusions:CP-related differentially expressed genes are mainly enriched in the number of pathways associated with the inflammatory response of periodontitis. The expression levels of Sell genes were significantly reduced in the gingival sulcus fluid of CP patients and correlated with the severity of the disease. The Sell genes are expected to be a biomarker for CP grading.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 794-796, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908885

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application effect of online CBL teaching method under the background of emerging infectious diseases.Methods:With the help of network platforms, using CBL teaching method, through the students viewing online cases, making analysis and summary, and then sending online, in the form of interaction between teachers and students, the teaching work during the epidemic was successfully completed. Finally, the teaching effects of the two semesters before and after the epidemic were compared by means of total semester scores and questionnaires. And chi-square test and t test was adopted for statistical analysis. Results:The practice proved that online CBL teaching method could help students to achieve the same teaching effect as the traditional teaching method in the teaching of infectious diseases.Conclusion:Therefore, online CBL teaching method is worth popularizing in the background of emerging infectious diseases.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): E011-E011, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811595

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the perioperative management and infection prevention methods for acute eye diseases during the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19).@*Methods@#Since the COVID-19 was included in the Class B infectious diseases and was managed according to Class A infectious diseases in China, 127 patients who underwent ophthalmic surgery were enrolled at First Affiliated Hospital of Army Military Medical University from January 21 to February 19,2020. The perioperative management according to the national epidemic prevention and control requirements was summarized, and the perioperative clinical management that should be taken during the epidemic prevention period were discussed.@*Results@#One hundred and twenty-seven patients underwent ophthalmic surgeries, including emergency surgery, daytime surgery and other surgeries for sight-threatening diseases. The methods of anesthesia included general anesthesia, local anesthesia and ocular superficial anesthesia. According to the national epidemic prevention and control requirements, epidemic screening for these patients and infectious managing measures were performed during the perioperative period, including the sterilization of relevant environment and equipments, the personal medical prevention and protection for medical staffs and patients, which made surealltheoperationswent smoothlyand safely. There were no 2019-nCoV infection, surgical-relative infection, crossing infection and operation-related complications occurred. Meanwhile, there were not COVID-19-related infection events of medical staffs. The air sampling compliance rate in the operating room, ward, examination and other areas was 100%.@*Conclusions@#During the prevention and control period of the epidemic of COVID-19, strict adherence to the prevention and control measures can effectively ensure the smooth implementation of the operation and the perioperative safety of medical staff and patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 200-203, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the perioperative management and infection prevention methods for acute eye diseases during the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19).Methods:Since the COVID-19 was included in the Class B infectious diseases and was managed according to Class A infectious diseases in China, 127 patients who underwent ophthalmic surgery were enrolled in First Affiliated Hospital of Army Military Medical University from January 20 to February 19, 2020.The perioperative management according to the national epidemic prevention and control requirements was summarized, and the perioperative clinical management that should be taken during the epidemic prevention period were discussed.Results:One hundred and twenty-seven patients underwent ophthalmic surgeries, including emergency surgery, daytime surgery and other surgeries for sight-threatening diseases.The methods of anesthesia included general anesthesia, local anesthesia and ocular superficial anesthesia.According to the national epidemic prevention and control requirements, epidemic screening for these patients and infectious managing measures were performed during the perioperative period, including the sterilization of relevant environment and equipments, the personal medical prevention and protection for medical staffs and patients, which made sure all the operations went smoothly and safely.There were no 2019-nCoV infection, surgical-relative infection, crossing infection and operation-related complications occurred.Meanwhile, there were not COVID-19-related infection events of medical staffs.The air sampling compliance rate in the operating room, ward, examination room and other areas was 100%.Conclusions:During the prevention and control period of the epidemic of COVID-19, strict adherence to the prevention and control measures can effectively ensure the smooth implementation of the operation and the perioperative safety of medical staff and patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 898-903, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between oxidative stress markers malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD), magnetic resonance burden and vascular cognitive impairment in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease (CSVD).Methods:Totally 300 patients with ischemic cerebral small vessel diseases who were admitted to the Department of Neurology, North China University of Science and Technology Affiliated Hospital were selected as the research subjects, and 60 healthy outpatients in the same period were selected as the control group.According to the results of mini mental state examination(MMSE), patients with ischemic cerebral small vessel diseases were divided into cognitive normal group (106 cases) and cognitive impairment group (194 cases). The cognitive impairment group was further divided into mild cognitive impairment group (101 cases), moderate cognitive impairment group (58 cases ) and severe cognitive impairment group (35 cases) according to Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA). MDA and SOD were determined by double antibody sandwich method and the results were compared and analyzed.Results:(1) Compared with the control group(MDA: (8.40±1.81)μmol/L, SOD: (112.73±83.48)U/ml), the level of MDA increased while the level of SOD decreased significantly in normal group(MDA: (8.46±2.05)μmol/L, SOD: (108.90±88.72)U/ml) and cognitive impairment group(MDA: (12.19±7.02)μmol/L, SOD: (62.64±20.34)U/ml). Compared with the cognitive normal group, the level of SOD decreased significantly and MDA increased significantly in cognitive impairment group, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Compared with the normal cognitive group (1.18±1.10), the cognitive impairment group (1.93±1.05) had a higher MRI burden score ( P<0.05). (2)Multivariate analysis showed that the decrease of plasma SOD level( β=-0.024, OR=0.977, 95% CI=0.961-0.992)and the increase of plasma MDA level( β=0.110, OR=1.117, 95% CI=1.005-1.241)and the MRI overall burden( β=0.453, OR=1.573, 95% CI=1.011-2.446)were independent protective factors of vascular cognitive impairment in patients with ischemic CSVD.(3) Compared with mild cognitive impairment group(MDA: (9.79±5.79)μmol/L, SOD: (81.64±58.09)U/ml, MRI overall burdern (1.69±0.99)), the level of SOD decreased significantly and the level of MDA and the MRI overall burden increased significantly in moderate cognitive impairment group and severe cognitive impairment group(MDA: (7.95±2.44)μmol/L, SOD: (76.13±46.00)U/ml, MRI overall burden: (1.78±0.86)), (MDA: (11.16±6.68)μmol/L, SOD: (63.49±20.04)U/ml, MRI overall burden: (2.89±1.02). Compared with the moderate cognitive impairment group, the level of SOD decreased significantly and the level of MDA and the MRI overall burden increased significantly in the severe cognitive impairment group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Increased plasma MDA level, MRI burden score and decreased SOD level in patients with CSVD are all risk factors for the occurrence of cognitive impairment.It is suggested that oxidative stress injury and cerebral small vessel lesions may be involved in the occurrence and development of cognitive impairment of CSVD from multiple aspects.

11.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 535-539, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of the recurrence risk estimator at 90-days(RRE-90) score combined with lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP) in the recurrence risk of acute atherosclerotic cerebral infarction.Methods:Totally 400 patients with acute atherosclerotic cerebral infarction who were hospitalized for the first time in neurology department were followed up for 90 days.However, 8 cases were lost and 392 cases were included finally.According to recurrence or not, 64 cases were divided into recurrence group and 328 cases into non-recurrence group.The RRE-90 score was applied to all the participants and the levels of Lp-PLA2 was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the levels of hs-CRP was detected by immunoturbidimetry.The ROC curve was used to analyze the predictive value of RRE-90 score combined with Lp-PLA2 and hs-CRP for the recurrence risk of acute cerebral infarction.Results:Compared with the non-recurrence group(RRE-90: (3.07±1.01)score, Lp-PLA2: (103.53±8.11)μg/L, hs-CRP: (4.07±1.48)mg/L), the levels of (RRE-90 score: (4.11±0.78)score, Lp-PLA2: (121.52±13.95)μg/L, hs-CRP: (12.40±2.46) mg/L)in the recurrence group of cerebral infarction were significantly higher ( P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with RRE-90 score (0.705), Lp-PLA2 (0.697), hs-CRP (0.622), RRE-90 score combined with Lp-PLA2 (0.752), RRE-90 score combined with hs-CRP (0.746), RRE-90 score combined with Lp-PLA2 and hs-CRP (0.782) had the largest area under the curve for predicting recurrence of cerebral infarction within 90 days, with statistical significance( P<0.05), sensitivity was 87.8%, specificity was 89.6%. Conclusion:RRE-90 score combined with Lp-PLA2 and hs-CRP detection can further improve the accuracy of predicting recurrence within 90 days in patients with cerebral atherosclerotic infarction, and the predictive value is high.

12.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 286-299, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765930

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Postoperative ileus increases healthcare costs and reduces the postoperative quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study is to investigate effects and mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 and PC6 on gastrointestinal motility in rat model of postoperative ileus. METHODS: Laparotomy was performed in 24 rats (control [n = 8], sham-EA [n = 8], and EA [n = 8]) for the implantation of electrodes in the stomach and mid-jejunum for recording of gastric and small intestinal slow waves. Electrodes were placed in the chest skin for electrocardiogram (ECG). Intestinal manipulation (IM) was performed in Sham-EA and EA rats after surgical procedures. Small intestinal transit (SIT), gastric emptying (GE), postoperative pain, and plasma TNF-α were evaluated in all rats. RESULTS: (1) Compared with sham-EA, EA accelerated both SIT (P < 0.05) and GE (P < 0.05) and improved regularity of small intestinal slow waves. (2) Compared with the control rats (no IM), IM suppressed vagal activity and increased sympathovagal ratio assessed by the spectral analysis of heart rate variability from ECG, which were significantly prevented by EA. (3) EA significantly reduced pain score at 120 minutes (P < 0.05, vs 15 minutes) after the surgery, which was not seen with sham-EA. (4) Plasma TNF-α was increased by IM (P = 0.02) but suppressed by EA (P = 0.04) but not sham-EA. CONCLUSION: The postoperative ileus induced by IM, EA at ST36 and PC6 exerts a prokinetic effect on SIT and GE, a regulatory effect on small intestinal slow waves and an analgesic effect on postoperative pain possibly mediated via the autonomic-cytokine mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Electroacupuncture , Electrocardiography , Electrodes , Gastric Emptying , Gastrointestinal Motility , Health Care Costs , Heart Rate , Ileus , Inflammation , Laparotomy , Models, Animal , Pain, Postoperative , Plasma , Quality of Life , Skin , Stomach , Thorax
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 852-858, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699834

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (ABMSCs) transplantation into the subretinal space for the treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Methods The clinical data of four PDR patients ( four eyes ) who received ABMSCs transplantation into the subretinal space were collected in Army Medical University,Southwest Eye Hospital from March 2014 to December 2015,including 3 males and 1 female;the average age was 55 years old;the average course of diabetes was 10 years, and the blood glucoses were all well controlled before treatment. All the patients underwent conventional ophthalmologic examination,and visual acuity,slit lamp microscope,color fundus photography,fluorescein angiography (FFA) and optical coherence tomography ( OCT) examination were performed at 1 week,1 month,3 months,6 months,9 months and 12 months after surgery. This study protocol was approved by Ethic Committee of Army Medical University,Southwest Eye Hospital (No. 2013-34). Results Four patients diagnosed as PDR were enrolled in this study. All patients were performed ABMSC transplantation,and no one felt discomfort after treatment. FFA and OCT showed that the transplanted cells were present in the subretinal space until 1 month after transplantation. The macular edema of one patient diagnosed as macular edema preoperatively was relived gradually after transplantation,and the effects lasted 3 months after transplantation. The preoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the two patients were improved from hand movement and finger counting to 20/20 ( 84 ETDRS) and 20/200 ( 38 ETDRS) after transplantation,respectively,and the visual acuities of the other two eyes were both stable. All patients underwent panretinal photocoagulatio 3 months after transplantation, and the follow-up treatment complied with the routine of post-vitrectomy for DR, no complications occurred during the follow-up period. Conclusions Subretinal transplantation of ABMSCs for PDR is safe. The transplanted cells show local anti-inflammatory effect,and no effect on cell proliferation or circulatory improvement are observed.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatric Heart Brain and Vessel Diseases ; (12): 137-140, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709084

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the value of 256 spiral CTA and DSA in diagnosis of carotid artery stenosis (CAS) and cerebral collateral circulation in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients.Methods The imaging data of 256 spiral CTA and DSA in 30 AIS patients were retrospectively analyzed.The sensitivity,specificity and consistency of 256 spiral CTA and DSA in diagnosis of CAS and cerebral collateral circulation were compared.Results The consistency rate of 256 spiral CTA and DSA was 82.8% in diagnosis of CAS,especially in diagnosis of severe stenosis (κ=0.75).Cerebral collateral circulation was detected in 18 patients by 256 spiral CTA and in 19 patients by DSA with a consistency of 90 %.Cerebral collateral circulation was detected in 40 by CTA and in 43 by DSA out of the 330 collateral arteries with a high consistency (κ=0.925,0.894).Conclusion The consistency of 256 spiral CTA and DSA is very high in diagnosis of CAS and cerebral collateral circulation in AIS patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 716-719, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607401

ABSTRACT

Based on the professional characteristics and nature of ophthalmology special examination and combined with teaching requirements for optometry foreign students, we developed a targeted teaching plan and practiced the classification teaching. Using guided trilogy teaching, we guided students to identify and analyze the similarities and differences between the image and the special examination function exami-nation results, emphasizing the cultivation of clinical ophthalmology diagnostic thinking of students, and we obtained good teaching and practice effect.

16.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1061-1066, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664314

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influencing factors of the collateral circulation formation in patients with acute cerebral infarction.Methods Three hundred and fifty-two patients with acute cerebral infarction were included in this study,the clinical date of their head and neck 256 slice spiral CT angiography (CTA)examination was analyzed.According to the formation of collateral circulation in the head and neck CTA imaging results,it is divided into the collateral circulation group and the non-collateral circulation group.The clinical data of the two groups were compared.The influencing factors of the formation of collateral circulation in patients with acute cerebral infarction were analyzed by single factor analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis.Results (1)In 352 cases of acute cerebral infarction,197 cases(56.0%)had collaterals,155 cases (44.0%)had none collateral.(2)Single factor analysis showed that age(t=-2.860,P=0.004),hypertension combined with diabetes(χ2 = 10.709,P= 0.001),history of TIA(χ2 = 4.626,P= 0.034),low density lipoprotein(t=-2.176,P=0.030),high homocysteine(t=2.885,P=0.004),cerebral vascular stenosis(Z=-5.936,P=0.000),posterior circular lesions(χ2=8.548,P=0.004)were the influencing factors in the formation of collateral circulation.(3)Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that old age(OR=1.031;95%CI=1.008-1.054;P=0.007),hypertension combined with diabetes(OR= 2.009;95%CI=1.159-3.482;P=0.013),high homocysteine(OR=1.023;95%CI,1.005-1.041;P=0.014),circular lesions(OR=1.727;95%CI=1.063-2.804;P=0.027)were relatively independent risk factors in acute cerebral infarction patients with none circulation,the degree of cerebral vascular stenosis(OR=0.507;95%CI=0.389-0.661;P=0.000),low density lipoprotein(OR=0.723;95%CI=0.532-0.982;P=0.038)served as protective factor.Conclusion Old age,hypertension combined with diabetes,high homocysteine and posterior circulation lesions are risk factors for the formation of collateral circulation in patients with acute cerebral infarction,cerebral vascular stenosis degree and low density lipoprotein can promote the formation of collateral circulation.

17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 699-703, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617307

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Objective:To classify the interforaminal arch form of edentulous mandibles by measuring the anterior-posterior distance (A-P distance) of implants planned to be inserted in All-on-4 protocol using conebeam computed tomography (CBCT) data, and to investigate the influence of the arch form on the All-on-4 distally tilted implants.Methods: Seventy-four CBCT images of edentulous mandibles were collected, including 35 males and 39 females respectively.All-on-4implant supported fixed prostheses were designed for these patients based on the CBCT data.The A-P distance was measured in the plane which crossed bilateral mental foramens and was parallel to the occlusal plane.The interforaminal arch form of edentulous mandibles were classified according to the A-P distance.The radian of the jaw arch 7.5 mm mesially to the mental foramen was measured bilaterally, and its correlation with the A-P distance was studied.Results: The average A-P distance of implant supported fixed prostheses planned in the interforaminal region was (8.5±1.5) mm (minimum 4.5 mm, maximum 11.8 mm).In the study, 12.2% of the subjects'' mandibles were classified as square arch form with A-P distances ≤7 mm, 54.0% were classified as ovoid with A-P distances >7 mm and ≤9 mm, 33.8% were classified as tapered with A-P distances >9 mm.Bilaterally, 148 results of the radian of the jaw arch 7.5 mm mesially to the mental foramen were obtained, and the average radian was 15.9°±5.5° (minimum 5.6°, maximum 35.2°).The radian and the A-P distance showed a negative correlation with statistical significance.Conclusion: In this research, the ovoid arch form was the most common type in edentulous mandibles, followed by tapered arch form.The square arch form showed the lowest percentage.As the arch form went squarer, the A-P distance became shorter, the radian of the jaw arch mesially to the mental foramen went greater, and the bone width that distally tilted implants need became bigger.The interforaminal arch form of the edentulous mandible should be analyzed before an implant supported fixed restoration is designed in the interforaminal region.The angle of inclination of distal implants should be reasonable.The bone width of the distal implant site must be adequate.The square arch form contributes negatively to the structure of implant supported fixed prostheses with distal cantilever design.

18.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 824-827, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607737

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Objective To study the effect of compound matrine injection combined with chemotherapy on the immune function and life quality of elderly patients with colorectal cancer. Methods Seventy patients with colorectal cancer treated in Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People′s Hospital South Campus from January 2010 to December 2013 were involved in this survey. They were divided into the control group and the observation group randomly,each group had 35 cases,the control group was treated with chemotherapy only, the observation group was treated with compound matrine injection combine with chemotherapy. The curative effect,life quality and immune function in the two groups were compared. Results The number of complete remission patients in the observation group was 8 cases ( 22. 86%) ,the number of partial remission cases was 16 cases ( 45. 71%) , the effective rate was 68. 57%, while the control group had 4 cases of complete remission (11. 43%),11 cases of partial remission (31. 43%),the effective rate was 42. 86% (Z=-2. 259,P=0. 024) . In the observation group,life quality was significantly improved in 10 cases (28. 57%),improved in 19 cases ( 54. 29%) ,the effective rate was 82. 86%,while in the control group,life quality was significantly improved in 4 cases ( 11. 43%) ,and improved in 10 cases ( 28. 57%) ,the effective rate was only 40%. The improvement rate of the two groups was statistically significant ( Z=-3. 497,P=0. 000) . Before treatment,the immune function indexes of patients in the two groups were close ( P>0. 05) ,after treatment,the immune function in both groups were significantly improved,CD3+,CD4+,CD4+/CD8+ levels of patients in the observation group were higher than those in the control group,while the CD8+ level in the observation group was lower than that of the control group ( t=-3. 968,P=0. 000;t=-5. 351,P=0. 000;t=-5. 474,P=0. 000;t=6. 407,P=0. 000) . The follow?up time of the two groups was 36 months. After 36 months,the survival rates of the observation group and the control group were 85. 7% (30/35) and 80. 0% (28/35) respectively,and the difference was not statistically significant (χ2=0. 402,P=0. 526) . Conclusion Compound matrine injection combined with chemotherapy can significantly improve the clinical efficacy of elderly patients with colorectal cancer,improve the immune function and quality of life,it is worthy of clinical application.

19.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 181-184, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513663

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Objective To observe the efficacy of single Nd-YAG laser treatment for the sub-inner limiting membrane(sub-ILM) haemorrhages in the macular region.Methods This is an uncontrolled case series retrospective study.Nd-YAG laser was performed for 6 patients (6 eyes) with premacular sub-ILM haemorrhages.The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA) and optical coherence tomography(OCT) in macular were observed at 1 day,1 week,1 month and 3 months after operation.The conditation of hematopoietic drainage and complications of macular retina were recorded.Results Sub-ILM haemorrhages were clinically confirmed in 6 patients (aged from 23 to 60 years old),including 4 cases of paroxysm associated with cough,1 case of hypertension,and 1 case of diabetic retinopathy.Funduscopic examination showed sub-inner limiting membrane hemorrhage in the macular region,BCVA count finger (CF) was 0.05 (averagely 0.03).The onset time was from 5 hours to 12 days.All the patients were treated with Nd-YAG laser treatment once,and all of them resulted in excellent partial visual recovery immediately.The average hemorrhage absorption time was 2 weeks.OCT examination showed macular retinal inner limiting membrane calm and foveal shape recovery at 3 month after laser treatment.However,the two patients with hypertension and diabetes recieved vitrectomy at 2 weeks and 1 month after laser surgery respectively because of serious vitreous hemorrhage.Conclusion Single Nd-YAG laser is a safe and effective method in the treatment of simplicity sub-ILM haemorrhages.

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Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 622-627, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641323

ABSTRACT

Background Diabetic macular edema (DME) is one of serious ocular complications of diabetes mellitus and is often treated by laser photocoagulation,peribulbar injection of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) and intravitreal injection of ranibizumab.However,some adverse responses occur in each approach.To seek a safe,effective and ecnomic therapy for DME is of clinical significance.Objective This study was to observe the safety and efficacy of post-sclera injection of TA with a self-made innovative device for DME and compare the outcome with peribulbar injection of TA and the intravitreal injection of ranibizumab.Methods A prospective non-randomized controlled study was performed.This study protocol was approved by Ethic Committee of Southwest Hospital of Third Military Medical University and complied with Helsinki declaration.Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before any medical treatment.Sixty eyes of 60 patients with DME were included in Southwest Hospital of Third Military Medical University from March 2013 to July 2016.The eyes were divided into post-sclera injection group,peribulbar injection group and intravitreal injection group,with 20 eyes for each group.TA at the dose of 20 mg was injected via posterior sclera with a self-made divice in the post-sclera injection group and via periphery of eyeball in the peribulbar injection group,and 0.5 mg ranibizumab was intravitreally injected in the intravitreal injection group.Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was examined and retinal thickness at macular area was measured by OCT in 1 month and 3 months after injection respectively.The outcome and complication were grouply compared.Results The BCVA was significantly improved 1 month and 3 months after injection in comparison with before injection in the post-sclera injection group and intravitreal injection group,and BCVA in the post-sclera injection group and intravitreal injection group was superior to that in the peribulbar injection group (all at P =0.000).No significant difference was found in post-injected BCVA between post-sclera injection group and intravitreal injection group (P =0.244,0.397).Retinal edema at macular area was gradually disappeared in the post-sclera injection group and intravitreal injection group and that in the peribulbar injection group was still visible after injection.The retinal thickness at macula was (321.85±31.98),(382.75±39.28) and (315.75 ± 40.43) μm at 1 month and was (311.95±32.73),(393.65±33.84) and (302.65±38.99) μm at 3 months after injection in the post-sclera injection group,peribulbar injection group and intravitreal injection group respectively,and the retinal thickness values at macula in the post-sclera injection group and intravitreal injection group were significantly lower than those in the peribulbar injection group (all at P =0.000).The decrease rate of retinal thickness was higher in the post-sclera injection group and intravitreal injection group than that in the peribulbar injection group at various time points after injection (all at P<0.01).Conclusions The efficacy and safety of post-sclera injection of TA for DME are similar to intravitreal injection of ranibizumab,which are superior to peribulbar injection of TA.

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