Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 92-95, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the fracture resistance of roots of mandibular premolar with different apical preparation diameters.Methods:Sixty single-rooted single canal permanent mandibular premolar teeth extracted newly for orthodontic reason without immatureness,fracture or cracks were selected,with a curvature less than 10°,and internal length:short diameter of less than 2 at a level 5 mm from the apex.All the teeth were decoronated,leaving roots 13 mm in length.The initial apical file size for the teeth was ≤ 15#.The roots were assigned to 6 groups based on weights with random block design.Group A:blank control group,no instrumentation was performed.Groups B-F:the master apical file (MAF) was 40#,45#,50#,55# and 60#,respectively.In the five experimental groups the roots were instrumented using hand files with step-back technique at 1 mm increments,resulting in a taper of 0.05.The irrigant used was distilled water.After mounted in acrylic resin,all the teeth were subject to vertical loading using an Instron testing machine until fractured.The occurrence of fractures was detected when the applied load suddenly decreased.The fracture load values and fracture modes were recorded.Oneway ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey test were used to determine the difference of fracture load values between the groups (P < 0.05).Chi-square tests were used to compare the modes of root fracture.Results:Five experimental groups exhibited lower fracture load values than that of control group [(1 444 ± 155) N].The mean fracture load values for roots instrumented to an apical diameter of 50# [(1 027 ± 128) N],55# [(994 ± 150) N] and 60# [(983 ± 166) N] were significantly lower than that of control group and 40# group [(1 339 ± 131) N] and 45# [(1 287 ± 144) N] (P <0.05).Buccal-lingual fracture,mesio-distal fracture and compound fracture occurred 55%,13% and 32%,respectively.No difference of fracture mode was detected in the six groups.Conclusion:The fracture resistance reduced significantly when the roots were instrumented to an apical diameter of 50# or larger.

2.
Chinese Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 239-241, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614477

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the short term outcome of modified Semont maneuver for posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (PSC-BPPV).METHODS A total of 93 patients with PSC-BPPV were diagnosed using the methods of Dix-Hallpike test and Roll test from Oct. 2015 to April 2016. All the patients were treated with the modified Semont maneuver. The 3 and 7 day outcome were recorded. RESULTS During the treatment, some patients had different degrees of vertigo and nausea, but all the patients completed the treatment successfully. The number of cured, improved and ineffective patients were 72, 16 and 5 respectively with a cure rate of 77.4% and total effective rate of 94.6% at 3 days follow up, and 84, 5 and 4 respectively with a cure rate of 90.3% and total effective rate of 95.7% at 7 days follow up.CONCLUSION Modified Semont maneuver is an effective method for management of posterior semicircular canal BPPV.

3.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 2053-2056, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746829

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the short and long-term efficacy of quick repositioning maneuver for posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (PC-BPPV) in different age groups.@*METHOD@#The clinical data of 113 adult patients with single PC-BPPV who underwent quick repositioning maneuver from July 2009 to February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The quick repositioning maneuver was to roll the patient from involved side to healthy side in the coronal plane for 180° as quickly as possible. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to different ages: young group ( 0.05). The recurrence rate of the three groups was 5.0%, 6.4% and 15.4% respectively, also no significant difference (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The quick repositioning maneuver along the coronal plane for PC-BPPV has a definite effect for every age groups. The method is simple, rapid and easy to master, and the patients are tolerated the maneuver well without evident side effect.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Therapeutics , Patient Positioning , Retrospective Studies , Semicircular Canals
4.
Chinese Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 438-441, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482606

ABSTRACT

[ABSTRACT]OBJECTIVETo assess the efficacy of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) on the treatment for laryngeal contact granuloma.METHODSSixty seven patients with laryngeal contact granuloma who were diagnosed in our department from March 2010 to October 2014 were enrolled in this study and all patients received PPI therapy, meanwhile the clinical data of the patients was analyzed. The follow-up period was at least half a year.RESULTS The 67 patients were treated well with the PPI. Fifty patients were cured, 11 patients were obvious improved, 4 patients were improved and 2 patients were invalid. The total efficacy rate was 97.01%. The average time of PPI used in small lesion group was shorter than that in large lesion group.CONCLUSIONPPI is effective for laryngeal contact granuloma, it can be recommended the first choice for the treatment of the disease.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 101-105, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413457

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare positional and volumetric differences of internal gross tumor volume (IGTV) delineated separately by three approaches based on four-dimensional CT (4DCT) for the primary tumor of non-small cell lung cancer (NLCLC). Methods Twenty-one patients with NLCLC underwent big bore 4DCT simulation scan of the thorax. IGTVs of the primary tumor of NSCLC were tumor on the MIP images were delineated to produce IGTVMIP. The position of the target center, the volume of target, the degree of inclusion (DI) and the matching index (MI) were compared reciprocally between IGTV10, IGTVEI+EE and IGTVMIP. Results Average differences between the position of the center of IGTVs on direction of x,y and z axes were less than 1 mm, with no statistically significant difference. The volume of IGTV10 was larger than that of IGTVEI+EE, the difference was statistically significant (t=2.37,P=0.028);the volume of IGTV10 was larger than that of IGTVMIP, but the difference was not statistically significant(t=1.95 ,P=0.065). The ratio of IGTVEI+EE with IGTV10, IGTVMIP with IGTV10 were 0.85±0.08 and 0.92±0.11, respectively. DI of IGTVEI+EE in IGTV10, IGTVMIP in IGTV10 were 84.78% ± 8. 95% and 88.47% ±9.04%. MI between IGTV10 and IGTVEI+EE, IGTV10 and IGTVMIP were 0.85 ±0.09, 0.86±0. 09, respectively. Conclusions The center displacement of the IGTVs delineated separately by the three different techniques based on 4DCT images are not obvious; IGTVEI+EE and IGTVMIP can not replace IGTV10 , however , IGTVMIP is more close to IGTV10 comparing to IGTVEI+EE . The ratio of GTVEI+EE with IGTV10 is correlated to the tumor motion vector. As the vector increases, the ratio of GTVEI+EE with IGTV10decreases, especially for small tumors.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 513-516, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422347

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of position movement of primary tumor with interested organs and skin markers,and to investigate the correlation of volume variation of primary tumors and lungs during different respiration phases for patients with lung cancer at free breath condition scanned by four-dimensional CT (4DCT) simulation.Methods 16 patients with lung cancer were scanned at free breath condition by simulation 4DCT which connected to a respiration-monitoring system.A coordinate system was created based on image of T5 phase,gross tumor volume (GTV) and normal tissue structures of 10 phases were contoured.The three dimensional position variation of them were measured and their correlation were analyzed,and the same for the volume variation of GTV and lungs of 10 respiratory phases.Results Movement range of lung cancer in different lobe differed extinct:0.8 - 5.0 mm in upper lobe,5.7 -5.9 mm in middle lobe and 10.2 - 13.7 mm in lower lobe,respectively.Movement range of lung cancer in three dimensional direction was different:z-axis 4.3 mm ± 4.3 mm> y-axis 2.2 mm ± 1.0 mm > x-axis 1.7 mm ± 1.5 mm ( x2 =16.22,P =0.000),respectively.There was no statistical significant correlation for movement vector of GTV and interested structures (r =-0.50 - -0.01,P =0.058 - -0.961 ),nor for volume variation of tumor and lung ( r =0.23,P =0.520 ).Conclusions Based on 4DCT,statistically significant differences of GTV centroid movement are observed at different pulmonary lobes and in three dimensional directions.So individual 4DCT measurement is necessary for definition of internal target volume margin for lung cancer.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 200-204, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412726

ABSTRACT

Objecttve To compare the positional and volumetric differences of planning target volumes(PTVs)based on axial three-dimensional CT(3D-CT)and four-dimensional CT(4D-CT)for the primary tumor of non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC).Methods Sixteen NSCLC patients with lesions located in the upper lobe and 12 patients with lesions in middle and lower lobes,totally 28 patients, initially underwent three-dimensional CT scans followed by 4D-CT scans of the thorax under normal free breathing.PTVvector was defined on gross tumor volume (GTV) contoured on 3D-CT and its motion vector. The clinical target volumes(CTVs)were created by adding 7 mm to GTVs,then, internal target volume (ITVs)were produced by enlarging CTVs isotropically based on the individually measured amount of motion in the 4D-CT,lastly,PTVs were created by adding 3 mm setup margin to ITVs. PTV4D was defined on the fusion of CTVs on all phases of the 4D data.The CTV wag generated by adding7 mm to the GTV on each phase.then,PIVs were produced by fusing CTVs on 10 phases and adding 3 mm setup margin.The position of the target center,the volume of target and the degree of inclusion(DI)were compared reciprocally between the PTVvector and the PTV 4D The difference of the position,volume and degree of inclusion of the targets between PTVvecter and PTV4D were compared,and the relevance between the relative characters of the targets and the three-dimensional vector was analyzed based on the groups of the patients. Results The median of the 3 D motion vector for the lesions in the upper lobe was 2.8 mm, significantly lower than that for the lesions in the middle and lower lobe ( 7.0 mm, z = - 3. 485, P < 0. 05 ). In the upper lobe group there was only significant spatial difference between the PTVvector and PTV4D targets in the center coordinate at the x axe (z = -2. 010, P < 0. 05 ), while in the middle and lower lobes there was only significant spatial difference between the PTVvector and PTV4D targets in the center coordinates at the z axe (z = -2. 136,P <0.05). The median of ratio of PTV4D and PTVvector, of the upper lobe group was 0. 75, significantly higher than that of the middle and lower lobes group (0. 52, z = - 2. 949, P < 0. 05 ).A significant correlation was found for the motion vector and the ratio of PTV and PTV4D in both groups ( r = - 0. 638, - 0. 850, P < 0. 05 ). For all patients, the median of D[ of PTV4D in PTVvector was 66. 39% ,while the median of DI of PTVvector, in PTV4D was 99. 55% , both showed a positive significant correlation with the motion vector (r = -0. 814,0. 613 ,P < 0. 05). Conclusions PTV4D defined based on 4D-CT simulation images is obviously less than PTV defined based on 3D-CT simulation images. The ratio and DI of both targets are related with the three-dimensional motion vector of the tumor.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-535807

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in neurotoxic mechanisms of beta amyloid (A?) and the pathogenesis of Alzheimer′s disease (AD). Methods 35 adult rats were divided into 3 groups: normal control,saline injection,and A? 1 40 injection groups A? 1 40 was initially solubilized in saline (10?g/?l) and incubated for at least 1 week before use 1?l incubated A? 1 40 or saline were injected into dorsal blade of dentate gyrus in right hippocampus of rats Immunohistochemical assay of neuronal NOS (nNOS) and inducible NOS (iNOS) was performed at the 2 nd,10 th,and 30 th day after A? 1 40 or saline injection. Results The nNOS like immunoreactivity (nNOSLIR) neurons were found in different brain regions such as cortex,striatum and hippocampus of normal rats,and the number of neurons in dentate gyrus was 8 96?0 31 The number and configuration of nNOSLIR neurons were found without changes after saline injection (8 97?0 29) At 2,10,and 30 d after A? 1 40 injection,the number of nNOS neurons at the site around injection was significantly reduced (3 13?0 27,2 89?0 19 and 2 91?0 25 respectively),but there were no notable differences at these three experimental time points iNOS like immunoreactivity (iNOSLIR) cells were not found in any brain region of normal or saline injected rats After A? 1 40 injection,a large percentage of glia (mainly were astrocytes) had an activated morphological change and showed a strong iNOSLIR around the injection site The responded areas with these cells were 0 905?0 082,0 962?0 161 and 0 935?0 125 mm 2 respectively at 2,10 and 30 day after A? 1 40 injection,but there appeared no significant differences among them. Conclusions The results demonstrate that intrahippocampal injection of A? 1 40 may result in a significant loss of nNOS neurons and induce a considerable expression of iNOS in astrocytes,indicating that NOS may play an important role in neurotoxic mechanisms of A? and the pathogenesis of AD

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL