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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 188-196, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879748

ABSTRACT

Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) acts as a tumor promoter in advanced prostate cancer (PCa). We speculated that microRNAs (miRNAs) that are inhibited by TGF-β1 might exert anti-tumor effects. To assess this, we identified several miRNAs downregulated by TGF-β1 in PCa cell lines and selected miR-3691-3p for detailed analysis as a candidate anti-oncogene miRNA. miR-3691-3p was expressed at significantly lower levels in human PCa tissue compared with paired benign prostatic hyperplasia tissue, and its expression level correlated inversely with aggressive clinical pathological features. Overexpression of miR-3691-3p in PCa cell lines inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion, and promoted apoptosis. The miR-3691-3p target genes E2F transcription factor 3 (E2F3) and PR domain containing 1, with ZNF domain (PRDM1) were upregulated in miR-3691-3p-overexpressing PCa cells, and silencing of E2F3 or PRDM1 suppressed PCa cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Treatment of mice bearing PCa xenografts with a miR-3691-3p agomir inhibited tumor growth and promoted tumor cell apoptosis. Consistent with the negative regulation of E2F3 and PRDM1 by miR-3691-3p, both proteins were overexpressed in clinical PCa specimens compared with noncancerous prostate tissue. Our results indicate that TGF-β1-regulated miR-3691-3p acts as an anti-oncogene in PCa by downregulating E2F3 and PRDM1. These results provide novel insights into the mechanisms by which TGF-β1 contributes to the progression of PCa.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate how to place the anteversion of acetabular prosthesis more reasonably in patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis.@*METHODS@#A total of 122 patients with degenerative kyphosis of lumbar spine who underwent total hip arthroplasty from December 2017 to October 2019 were included and divided into experimental group and control group, 61 cases in each group. In experimental group, there were 25 males and 36 females, with a median age of 67.0 years;the median course of disease was 46.0 months;the functional pelvic plane with acetabular anteversion was set according to different types of pelvic anterior plane bracket. In control group, there were 27 males and 34 females, with a median age of 67.0 years;the median course was 42.0 months;in control group, the anteversion was set by the traditional method. The patients were followed up for 3 months. The operation time and blood loss were recorded. The incidence of infection and dislocation within 3 months was counted. Harris score before and 3 months after operation was recorded. Functional anteversion angle of standing position was measured 3 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, there was no difference in operation time and blood loss between the two groups (P=0.918, 0.381);there was no infection between two groups within 3 months after operation;there was 1 case of hip joint dislocation in the control group and no dislocation in experimental group. There was no significant difference in Harris score before and after operation. Three months later, reexamination of pelvic standing radiographs showed that the number of patients with functional anteversion of acetabular prosthesis outside the safe area was less in experimental group thanin control group (@*CONCLUSION@#According to the preoperative evaluation and classification of patients, better functional anteversion of acetabular prosthesis can be obtained with the help of pelvic anterior plane reference bracket in hip arthroplasty with lumbar degenerative kyphosis.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Hip Joint , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Kyphosis , Male , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879340

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of total hip arthroplasty on the changes of spine pelvic parameters in patients with hip spine syndrome.@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to October 2014, 22 patients (26 hips) with hip spine syndrome accompanied by necrosis of femoral head, hip osteoarthritis and congenital dysplasia of hip were treated with total hip arthroplasty. There were 12 males and 10 females with an average age of 58.4 years (range, 45 to 76 years). The course of disease was 1.5 to 25 years with an average of 12.8 years. Before and after the operation, the anteroposterior, full length radiographs of both lower limbs, thoracolumbar spine and pelvis in standing position were routinely taken. The balance parameters of spine pelvis coronal plane and sagittal plane before and after the replacement were measured. Visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Harris score were performed before and after the operation.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 21 to 52 (32±8) months. No infection, prosthesis subsidence, loosening, prosthesis dislocation were found in the last follow up. After total hip arthroplasty, sagittal vertical axis(SVA), thoracic kyphosis(TK), lumbar lordosis(LL), pelvic tilt (PT) were significantly reduced(@*CONCLUSION@#After total hip arthroplasty, the coronal and historical balance parameters of spine and pelvis are significantly improved, and the short term and medium-term effects are satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Patients , Pelvis , Retrospective Studies , Spine
4.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 30-35, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703810

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the current status of antithrombotic strategy for elderly patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after stent implantation in Beijing area and to study the safety and efficacy of different therapeutic strategy. Methods: A total of 467 relevant patients were enrolled by re-travelling electronic medical records from 12 hospitals in Beijing area. The patients' mean age was (78.70±3.32) years and they were divided into 2 groups by antithrombotic therapy condition: Triple therapy group, n=17 (3.64%), Double therapy group, n=450 (96.36%). The incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE) including all-caused death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, target vessel revascularization (TVR), stoke and bleeding was compared between Triple therapy group and Double therapy group.Results: The medication in Double therapy group included aspirin+ticagrelor, aspirin+clopidogrel, clopidogrel+warfarin and cilostazol+clopidogrel; in Triple therapy group was aspirin+clopidogrel+warfarin. Patient with HAS-BLED score≥3 was defined as high risk of bleeding and they were all treated by double therapy; HAS-BLED<3 was defined as low risk of bleeding, only 5.03% patients were treated by triple therapy. 3 patients in Triple therapy group and 33 in Double therapy group suffered from gastrointestinal bleeding, P=0.338; 6 patients in Triple therapy group and 128 in Double therapy group had MACCE, P=0.589; 3 and 80 patients died in Triple therapy group and Double therapy group, P=0.766. Conclusion: Triple therapy was rarely used in elderly AF and ACS patients after stent implantation, double therapy was the main strategy; the incidence of MACCE and mortality were similar between triple and double therapies; patients with triple therapy had the higher incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702308

ABSTRACT

Objective To invesgate the safety and efficacy of the second generation biodegradable polymer Cobalt-Chromium sirolimus-eluting stent (EXCEL2) stent in diabetic patients by a subgroup analysis of of the CREDITⅡand CREDIT Ⅲ trials. Methods All patients who were implanted with the EXCEL2 stent were enrolled in the CREDITⅡand CREDIT Ⅲ trials. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure at 24-month, defi ned as a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (TV-MI) and target lesion revascularization(TLR). The secondary endpoint was endpoints including all-cause death, all myocardial infarction (MI) or any revascularization.Results A total of 828 patients were included from the patients who were implanted with the EXCEL2 stent in the CREDIT II and CREDIT Ⅲ trials. 24-month follow-up rate was 99.5%. There was no significant difference in the primary endpoint (P>0.05) and event rates of the secondary endpoints(P>0.05) between the diabetic and non-diabetic group, which included all-cause death[diabetics (2.5%)vs.non-diabetics(1.4%),P>0.05],myocardial infarction(MI)(7.5% vs.5.0%,P>0.05),all from of revascularization(5.0% vs.3.9%,P>0.05),and stent thrombosis(0.6% vs.0.4%,P>0.05).Conclusions EXCEL 2 stent met the objective performance goal on effcacy and safety, which can reduce make stent restenosis, target vessel revascularization ,with 160 diabetic cases among them, and stent thrombosis in diabetic patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850175

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the treatment time layout in different phases and related factors in patients with acute ST elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods The study was a cross-sectional and single center registry. Data of 211 patients with STEMI admitted within 12 hours of onset to the Emergency Department of the 306 Hospital of PLA between January 1, 2013 and July 31, 2014 were collected. The following median times were recorded and compared with that in 2013 ACC/AHA guideline: symptom onset-summoning the ambulance servicesambulance arrival-ambulance arriving at emergency department (ED)-consent to primary PCI-arriving at catheterization laboratoryfirst balloon dilatation. Results Of the 211 patients with STEMI, 150 (71%) were transported to the 306 Hospital of PLA by ambulance, and the remaining 61 (29%) arrived at hospital by themselves. Through it all 3 time slots delayed: the median time of door to balloon (DTB) was 105min, did not reach the standard according to 2013 ACC/AHA guideline (<90min); from symptom onset to summoning an ambulance was 62min, and from arriving at the hospital to consent to primary PCI was 50min. Conclusions The patient's own delay is the main cause of pre-hospital delay, the time of obtaining an informed consent plays an important role in treatment delay. Many patients are not aware of the importance for early reperfusion therapy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 48-53, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292027

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects and related mechanisms of cilostazol on rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs)proliferation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>VSMCs were treated with DMEM (control) and various doses of cilostazol (1.0×10(-7), 2.5×10(-7), 5.0×10(-7), 7.5×10(-7) and 1.0×10(-6) mol/L) for 13 d (cell counting) or 72 h. Proliferation of VSMCs was investigated by cell-counting, MTT and flow cytometry analysis. Cell apoptosis was determined by TUNEL staining. mRNA and protein expressions of cell cycle regulatory proteins, such as Rb, p53 and p21 were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Cilostazol inhibited VSMCs proliferation and induced VSMCs arrest at G1 phase in a dose-dependent manner. High dose of cilostazol (7.5×10(-7) and 1.0×10(-6) mol/L) induced VSMCs apoptosis. p53 mRNA expression in 2.5×10(-7) mol/L to 7.5×10(-7) mol/L groups as well as 1.0×10(-6) mol/L group (3.22 ± 0.45 vs. 1.75 ± 0.32) and p53 protein expression in 7.5×10(-7) mol/L group and 1.0×10(-6) mol/L group (0.53 ± 0.11 vs. 0.18 ± 0.06) were significantly upregulated after 72 h culture (all P < 0.05 vs. control). Low dose of cilostazol (1.0×10(-7), 2.5×10(-7) and 5.0×10(-7) mol/L) significantly upregulated p21 mRNA expression compared to control group (1.86 ± 0.19, 2.20 ± 0.24 and 2.10 ± 0.18 vs. 1.210 ± 0.18, all P < 0.05). Similarly, Rb mRNA expression was significantly upregulated in 1.0×10(-7), 2.5×10(-7) and 5.0×10(-7) mol/L groups (0.89 ± 0.07 vs. 0.38 ± 0.04)compared with control group (all P < 0.05). However, high dose cilostazol (7.5×10(-7) and 1.0×10(-6) mol/L) significantly downregulated p21 mRNA expression (0.81 ± 0.09 vs. 1.21 ± 0.18, 0.36 ± 0.10 vs. 1.21 ± 0.18, all P < 0.05 vs. control) and Rb mRNA expression (0.12 ± 0.02 and 0.11 ± 0.02 vs. 0.38 ± 0.04, all P < 0.05 vs. control). p21 and Rb protein expressions also upregulated at low concentrations of cilostazol and downregulated at high concentrations of cilostazol.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cilostazol could inhibit the proliferation of rat VSMCs through modulating Rb-p53-p21 pathway and induce VSMCs apoptosis through upregulating p53.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Metabolism , Male , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Retinoblastoma Protein , Metabolism , Tetrazoles , Pharmacology , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 25-29, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275113

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of intensive antiplatelet therapy for patients with high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) after coronary stent implantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between March 2009 and February 2011, a total of 3316 consecutive acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing drug-eluting stent implanting from 3 hospitals were enrolled. Among them, 840 patients (25.3%) were identified as HPR (defined as 20 µmol/L adenosine diphosphate induced platelet aggregation of ≥ 55% at 24 hours after administration of 300 mg clopidogrel loading dose and 300 mg aspirin). The HPR patients were randomly assigned to receive standard (aspirin 300 mg/d and clopidogrel 75 mg/d, n = 280) or intensified (n = 560) antiplatelet therapy by the ratio of 1:2. Patients in the intensive group were initially treated with a double maintenance dose of clopidogrel (150 mg/d) and aspirin (300 mg/d). After 3 days, patients with unsolved HPR received additional cilostazol treatment (50 - 100 mg, bid). The reversion rate of HPR and clinical events were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the intensive group, HPR reversed in 304 out of 560 patients (54.3%) at 3 days post therapy and the remaining 256 patients with HPR were treated with additional cilostazol regimen for another 3 days and the total reversion rate of HPR was 81.1% (454/560). The reversion rate of HPR at 30 days in the intensified group was significantly higher than that of the standard group (69.9% vs. 55.7%, P = 0.000). At 30 days after percutaneous coronary intervention, 1 patient suffered from subacute stent thrombosis (0.2%) in intensified group and no stent thrombosis was observed in standard group (P = 1.000). There were no death, major or minor bleeding in both two groups. Minimal bleeding was also similar in the two groups (intensive: 4.28% vs. standard: 2.14%, P = 0.166).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The intensified antiplatelet therapy regimens could significantly increase the reversion rate of HPR in acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing coronary stenting without increasing the risk of bleeding. The clinic impact of this strategy needs to be elucidated by long term follow-up outcome studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Therapeutics , Adult , Aged , Aspirin , Therapeutic Uses , Blood Platelets , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Tetrazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Ticlopidine , Therapeutic Uses
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3255-3259, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319135

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Early clinical trials with the Endeavor zotarolimus eluting stent (ZES) in western populations demonstrated low rates of target lesion revascularization with a favorable safety profile including low late stent thrombosis with up to 5 years of follow-up. The aim of this clinical registry study was to evaluate real world clinical performance of the ZES coronary system in Chinese patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The China Endeavor Registry is a prospective, multicenter registry assessing the safety of the ZES system in a real world patient population. It was conducted at 46 centers in China in routine treatment of patients with coronary artery stenosis, including patients with clinical characteristics or lesion types that are often excluded from randomized controlled trials. The registry included 2210 adult patients who underwent single-vessel or multi-vessel percutaneous coronary intervention. The primary end point was the rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 12 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 12-month rate of MACE for all patients in the registry was 3.03%. Cardiac death or myocardial infarction rate was 1.28% and target lesion revascularization rate was 1.66%, non-target lesion target vessel revascularization (TVR) was 0.52%, TVR was 2.18%, and target vessel failure was 3.22%. There was only one case of emergent cardiac bypass surgery. The 12-month overall incidence of all Academic Research Consortium (ARC)-defined stent thrombosis was 0.43%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mid-term results from the real-world China Endeavor Registry suggest that Endeavor ZES was safe and effective in Chinese patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Asians , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Sirolimus , Therapeutic Uses
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 789-793, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242568

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Data on the efficacy and safety of drug-eluting stent (DES) for treatment of multiple coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions are scanty. The aim of the present study was to compare the long-term outcomes of DES versus bare metal stent (BMS) implantation for multiple coronary CTO lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We analyzed 188 patients who underwent coronary stenting for at least two de novo CTO lesions in our center from November 2000 to November 2006. Among them, 118 patients (62.8%) received DES and 70 patients (37.2%) received BMS implantation after the recanalization for CTO lesions. All patients were followed up for up to 5 years for the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Long-term survival rates were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in baseline clinical characteristics and procedural success rate between DES group and BMS group. Compared with the BMS group, the DES group showed a significantly higher rate of long CTO (> or = 15 mm) (62.0% vs. 50.6%, P = 0.023). The number of stents per lesion (1.39 +/- 0.71 vs. 1.17 +/- 0.66, P = 0.007) and the mean length of stents in the DES group were also higher than those in the BMS group ((40.8 +/- 11.4) mm vs. (23.4 +/- 8.7) mm, P < 0.001). But the mean diameter of stents in the DES group was smaller than that in the BMS group ((3.1 +/- 0.2) mm vs. (3.3 +/- 0.5) mm, P < 0.001). Average follow-up time was 4.8 +/- 0.7 (1.5 - 5.0) years in the BMS group and 4.3 +/- 0.5 (1.3 - 5.0) years in the DES group. Both the 5-year cumulative survival rates and the target vessel revascularization (TVR)-free survival rates of the DES group were significantly higher than those in the BMS group (83.1% vs. 72.9%, Log-rank P = 0.044; 77.1% vs. 62.9%, Log-rank P = 0.009). The cumulative MACE-free survival rates in the DES group were significantly higher than those in the BMS group (71.2% vs. 51.4%, Log-rank P = 0.001). Multivariable Cox regression analysis demonstrated that DES implantation for multiple CTO lesions could significantly reduce the long-term MACE risk after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (HR: 0.436; 95%CI 0.327 - 0.665, P < 0.001). Age over 65 years (HR: 2.018; 95%CI 1.491 - 3.127, P < 0.001) and left ventricular ejection fraction < 50% (HR: 1.494; 95%CI 1.125 - 2.376, P < 0.001) were identified as the independent predictors of long-term MACE.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study demonstrates the long-term (up to 5 years) efficacy and safety of DES for treatment of multiple coronary CTO lesions, and its superiority compared to BMS in reducing the rates of TVR and MACE.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Occlusion , Mortality , Therapeutics , Coronary Thrombosis , Mortality , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Middle Aged , Proportional Hazards Models , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 816-821, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242563

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) stenosis and chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions at the left anterior descending (LAD) artery are often recommended for bypass surgery. However, some of these patients are deemed inoperable or are at high risk for surgery. In this study, we explored strategies and evaluated the efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention for the treatment of ULMCA stenosis complicated by LAD CTO.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From November 2001 to July 2009, 78 patients with ULMCA stenosis and LAD CTO lesions were selectively treated with stenting. Six patients (7.7%) refused surgery due to their young age (< or = 40 years), and the other 72 patients (92.3%) were unsuitable for surgery. Reasons for poor surgical candidacy included advanced age (> 80 years), chronic obstructive pulmonary, unsuitable distal target vessels for bypass, EuroSCORE > or = 6, and so on. Four different strategies were applied based on the degree of left main stenosis and the ostial diameter and involvement of the left circumflex.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Total procedural success was achieved in 94.9%, there were no deaths or thromboses. Five patients (6.4%) experienced non-Q-wave myocardial infarction in hospital. At long-term follow-up ((52 +/- 28) months), there were 3 cardiac deaths (3.8%) and 4 (5.1%) nonfatal myocardial infarctions. Angiographic follow-up was performed in 50 patients (64.1%), and target vessel revascularizations were required in 10 patients (12.8%), among which 4 nonfatal myocardial infarction patients included. The rate of major adverse cardiac events was 16.7% (13/78).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study indicates that percutaneous intervention can be performed safely in high risk surgical patients with ULMCA and LAD CTO lesions based on individual therapeutic strategies. It may be feasible to apply this technique in selected patients mentioned above.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Artery Disease , Mortality , Therapeutics , Coronary Stenosis , Mortality , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 522-526, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244199

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The purpose of this study was to analyze the anatomy variation of coronary vein system in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and non-ischemic heart disease (NIHD).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Forty-one patients with IHD and 87 patients with NIHD [101 men, mean age (63.5 +/- 10.6) years] were included in this study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Coronary sinuses were successfully cannulated and venographies were obtained in 127 cases. Transvenous LV pacing leads were successfully placed in optimal coronary vein in 123 cases (96.09%). The majority (76.38%) patients had at least one or more vessel abnormalities (thinness, stenosis, tortuousity, lack of lateral marginal vein or postero-lateral vein). The incidence of thin and tortuousity was significantly higher in lateral marginal vein than that in postero-lateral vein (P < 0.05-0.01). The incidence of lack of postero-lateral marginal vein was more frequent than the lack of lateral vein (P < 0.05). The rate of abnormality in both vessels was 25.2%. Incidence of vein lack in male was more frequent than in female (P < 0.05). The thin and tortuousity of vessels in female were more frequent than in male (P < 0.05). The incidence of thin and tortuousity of postero-lateral and abnormality of both vessels was significantly higher in IHD than in NIHD patients (P < 0.05). All coronary sinus myocardial bridges occurred in NIHD. Stenoses of left anterior descending (LAD) and left circumflex (LCX) were mostly associated with abnormality of lateral vessels.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The anatomic variations of lateral and postero-lateral coronary vein were more frequent in this patient cohort. Vein lack in male was more frequent and the thin and tortuousity of vessels were less in male than in female patients. The ratio of vessel abnormality is higher in patients with IHD. Coronary arteries stenosis and position of infarction are associated with anatomic variations of coronary vein system.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Methods , Cardiomyopathies , Therapeutics , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Therapeutics , Coronary Vessels , Electrodes, Implanted , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 870-874, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244125

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the dynamic changes of plasma matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and investigate the effect of early or delayed percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the presence or absence cilostazol on left ventricle (LV) remodeling in patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and sixty-four patients undergoing PCI with NSTEMI were randomized to early PCI (PCI within 24 h) group or delayed PCI group (PCI after 36 h), and patients in both group were further assigned to cilostazol or no cilostazol group. Plasma MMP-2 and MMP-9 concentrations were measured at 2, 4 days and 2 and 4 weeks after PCI. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricle posterior wall (LVPW) and interventricular septum (IVS) were measured by echocardiography at baseline and 1 year after PCI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MMP-2 concentration at 2 weeks after PCI is higher than that at 2, 4 days and 4 weeks after PCI. MMP-9 concentration at 4 days is higher than that at 2 days, 2 weeks and 4 weeks after PCI. MMP-2 and MMP-9 were significantly lower in cilostazol group compared with that in non-cilostazol group at 4 days, 2 weeks and 4 weeks after NSTEMI (all P < 0.05). Changes of LVEDV and LVEF were significantly less in cilostazol group and early PCI group than that in no cilostazol group and delay PCI group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) at 1 year after NSTEMI.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Early PCI and Cilostazol use are associated with less LV remodeling in patients with NSTEMI. Cilostazol attenuated LV remodeling possibly by reducing concentration of MMP-2 and MMP-9 after PCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Electrocardiography , Female , Humans , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Therapeutics , Tetrazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Remodeling
14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 518-521, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236463

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for graft occlusion post coronary artery bypass graft (CABG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 135 post-CABG patients with bypass graft occlusion and angina pectoris symptoms admitted to our department between June 2003 and June 2007 were analyzed. The mean interval from CABG to index angiography was 33.8 +/- 23.5 months. Among 318 grafts, 29 left internal mammary artery (LIMA, 29/128, 22.7%) and 117 saphenous vein bypass grafts (117/188, 62.2%) were occluded. A total of 158 target lesions from these 146 vessels were treated with PCI. All target lesions were B2/C type lesion with 29.7% (47/158) chronic total occlusions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 310 DES were implanted. The total success rate of PCI procedure was 96. 3% (130/135), and lesion success rate was 96.8% (153/158). No major clinical complications occurred during peri-intervention period. All patients underwent PCI were followed at 12 month. Angiographic follow-up was obtained in 89 patients and the angiographic restenosis rate was 5.6% (5/89) in these patients. The major adverse cardiac events and target vessel revascularization rates were 5.4% (7/130) and 6.2% (8/130), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study demonstrates that PCI procedure for graft occlusion post-CABG is feasible and safe and associated with a high procedure success rate and favorable long-term clinical and angiographic outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump , Female , Graft Occlusion, Vascular , Therapeutics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 773-776, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236406

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the long-term outcomes of successful or failed revascularization in patients with chronic total occlusions (CTO).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 1332 consecutive patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for CTO between June 1993 and December 2006 in our hospital were analyzed. These patients were divided into two groups according to the procedural success (n = 1202) or failure (n = 130).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall success rate of procedure was 90.2% (1202/1332). The patients in CTO success group experienced a superior 10-year survival rate (76.9% vs. 64.6%, log rank P = 0.012) and a significantly higher no major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) survival rate (41.8% vs. 27.6%, log rank P < 0.001) compared to the patients in CTO failure group. During the long-term follow-up, the proportion of patients who accepted coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was significantly lower in CTO success group than that in the CTO failure group (4.3% vs. 14.6%, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Successful PCI procedure leads to increased long-term survival and MACE-free survival and the reduced need for CABG for patients with CTO lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Arteriosclerosis Obliterans , Therapeutics , Coronary Occlusion , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2724-2727, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307830

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Currently intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) has been widely used in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, few studies have been done with regard to the clinical outcome and safety of IABP in assisting PCI in aged patients with ACS. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the safety of IABP in different age groups of patients with ACS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data on 292 ACS patients who received IABP-assisted PCI in Shenyang General Hospital of People's Liberation Army were retrospectively analyzed. More specifically, the successful rate, mortality and complications associated with the treatment were compared between the senior (>/= 60 years old) and the non-senior (< 60 years old) groups of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The attack rate of non-ST segment elevation ACS was significantly higher in the senior group than in the non-senior group (38.8% vs 21.1%, P < 0.01). The incidence of the IABP-associated complications was not significantly different between both groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clinical outcome and safety of IABP-assisted PCI in the elderly patients were comparable to that for the non-elderly patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Therapeutics , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Angiography , Female , Humans , Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 643-647, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279862

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>There are limited data on the efficacy of drug-eluting stents (DES) for treatment of chronic total occlusions (CTO). The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes of DES implantation for CTO compared with bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between June 1995 and December 2006, a total of 1184 patients with successful recanalization of at least one de novo CTO lesion were consecutively registered, including 660 (55.7%) who underwent DES and 524 (44.3%) who underwent BMS implantation. All patients were followed up for up to 5 years for occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Long-term survival rates were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics were comparable between the two groups except that patients in the DES group received longer dual antiplatelet therapy ((7.4 +/- 2.5) months vs (1.7 +/- 0.8) months, P < 0.001). Average follow-up periods were (4.7 +/- 0.89) and (3.2 +/- 1.3) years for the BMS and DES groups, respectively. There was no significant difference in 5-year survival rates between the two groups (90.3% for DES group vs 89.6% for BMS group, Log-rank P = 0.38), but the 5-year target vessel revascularization (TVR)-free survival rate in the DES group was significantly higher than that in the BMS group (81.6% vs 73.5%, Log-rank P < 0.001). The cumulative MACE-free survival in the DES group was also significantly higher than that in the BMS group (80.6% vs 71.5%, Log-rank P < 0.001). The rates of re-admission caused by cardiovascular disease (27.0% vs 37.8%, P < 0.001) and the need for bypass surgery were significantly lower in the DES group (1.5% vs 3.4%, P < 0.05). By multivariable analysis, DES implantation could significantly lower the long-term MACE risk of PCI for CTO patients (HR: 0.492; 95% CI 0.396 - 0.656, P < 0.001). Left ventricular ejection fraction < 50% and elderly (> or = 65 years) were identified as independent predictors of long-term MACE during follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study demonstrates the long-term (up to 5 years) efficacy of DES for treatment of CTO, which is superior to BMS implantation in reducing the rates of TVR and MACE, as well as the need of re-admission and bypass surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Occlusion , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Proportional Hazards Models , Stents , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 793-797, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279833

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Recurrent ischemic events occurred even during routine use of 75 mg clopidogrel in addition to aspirin, that indicated a potentially insufficient maintenance dosage of clopidogrel. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of a 150 mg maintenance dose of clopidogrel following a 600 mg loading dose in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing drug eluting stent (DES) implantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between November 2005 and November 2006, a total of 813 consecutive ACS patients undergoing DES implantation were enrolled. A 600 mg loading dose was administered before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and patients were randomized to receive clopidogrel 75 mg or 150 mg for 30 days in addition to 300 mg aspirin daily. Primary end points were the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and urgent target vessel revascularization (UTVR). Secondary end points included stent thrombosis (ST), major and minor bleeding events at 30 days.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At a follow-up period of 30 days, 4 (1.0%) patients in the 150 mg group and 9 (2.2%) patients in the 75 mg group (P > 0.05) reached the primary end points. There was no significant difference in the incidences of MI (0.5% vs 1.2%, P > 0.05), UTVR (0.7% vs 2.0%, P > 0.05), and cardiac death (0.2% vs 0.2%, P > 0.05) between the two groups. The incidence of ST (0 vs 1.5%, P < 0.05) was significantly lower in the 150 mg group than that in the 75 mg group. There were no significant differences between both groups regarding the risk of major (0.2% vs 0, P > 0.05) or minor (0.5% vs 0.2%, P > 0.05) bleedings.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A high clopidogrel maintenance dose of 150 mg daily following a 600 mg loading dose for the first month after PCI procedure reduces the risk of ST and appears to be safe in patients with ACS undergoing DES implantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Therapeutics , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Angiography , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Ticlopidine , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 706-709, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355908

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the in-hospital outcome of patients with calcified chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesion underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinic and lesion characteristics as well as acute PCI outcome were analyzed in 726 patients with calcified CTO [624 detected by coronary angiography (CAG) and 102 detected by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)] and received PCI therapy from June 1995 to February 2007 in our department.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 728 diseased vessels with 732 lesions in these patients. Total procedure success rate (80.6% vs. 89.2%, P < 0.05) and the lesion success rate (80.2% vs. 88.2%, P < 0.05) were significantly lower in calcified CTO detected by CAG compared to that detected by IVUS. The causes of procedure failures in CAG detected patients were as follows: 87 guide failure, 21 balloon failure, 8 procedure related complications and 5 low TIMI blood flow (grade 2) at the end of PCI procedure. The causes of procedure failures in IVUS detected patients were as follows: 7 guide wire failure, 2 balloon failure, 1 procedure related complications and 1 patient with low TIMI blood flow (grade 2). The in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) rate was 1.1% in CAG detected calcified CTO and 1.0% in IVUS detected calcified CTO (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PCI therapy resulted in satisfactory procedure success rate and in-hospital outcome for patients with calcified CTO and IVUS is helpful for further increasing the PCI procedure success rate in patients with calcified CTO.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Calcinosis , Therapeutics , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Pathology , Therapeutics , Coronary Occlusion , Pathology , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270206

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes of high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and monocyte chemotactic factor-1 (MCP-1) following percutaneous coronary interventional procedures (PCI) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), and evaluate the impact of PCI on the inflammatory indices and postoperative vascular restenosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study involved 80 patients undergoing PCI procedures for CAD compromising a single coronary artery. Forty healthy individuals with normal findings by coronary angiography were selected as the control group. Before and after PCI or coronary angiography, plasma hs-CRP and MCP-1 were measured in all the subjects by immunonephelometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA), respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the CAD patients, the plasma hs-CRP level was significantly elevated after PCI as compared with the preoperative level (2.37-/+0.56 microg/L vs 1.59-/+0.41 microg/L, P<0.01), whereas in the control group, the hs-CRP level underwent no significant changes after coronary angiography (1.18-/+0.37 microg/L vs the preoperative level of 1.13-/+0.32 microg/L, P>0.05). PCI procedures also resulted in significant elevation of plasma MCP-1 level in the CAD patients (26.04-/+5.43 pg/L vs the preoperative level of 18.07-/+4.30 pg/L, P<0.01), but in the control group, MCP-1 showed no significant variation after coronary angiography (9.80-/+2.64 pg/L vs the preoperative level of 9.63-/+2.52 pg/L, P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Plasma hs-CRP and MCP-1 are elevated in CAD patients following PCI procedures, but their roles in the vascular restenosis following the procedures need further investigation.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , C-Reactive Protein , Chemokine CCL2 , Blood , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
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