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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878945

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of Zhenwu Decoction substance benchmarks,the characteristic map,index component content and paste-forming rate were determined to define the peak attribution,similarity range,paste-forming rate range,paeoniflorin and6-gingerol content range and transfer rate range. The similarity between the substance benchmark characteristic map and the control map R generated from the 15 batches of substance benchmarks was higher than 0. 970. There were 19 characteristic peaks in total. By further summarization of the characteristic peaks,it could be seen that tuckahoe had 3 characteristic peaks,white peony root had 10 characteristic peaks,atractylodes had 3 characteristic peaks,ginger had 1 characteristic peak,and Aconite root had 3 characteristic peaks; among them,white peony root and aconite root had 1 common peak. The contents and transfer rates of the 15 batches were0. 50%-0. 93 and 16. 11%-26. 20%; those for 6-gingerol were 0. 018 2%-0. 033 9% and 13. 16%-24. 10%,respectively. The pasteforming rate ranged from 10. 00% to 14. 85%. In this study,the transfer process of substance benchmark value of classic formula Zhenwu Decoction was analyzed based on the characteristic map,the paste-forming rate and the content of the index components; a scientific and stable substance benchmark quality evaluation method was preliminarily established to provide a basis for subsequent development of classic formula Zhenwu Decoction and quality control of relevant preparations.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878943

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the methodology of the characteristic spectrums of substance benchmarks was established. The paste-forming rate range, the contents and the transfer rate range of the index components, hydroxy safflower yellow A, ferulic acid and paeoniflorin, the characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrums of Taohong Siwu Decoction were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction.In the 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the similarity of characteristic spectrums was higher than 0.9. Furthermore, based on summarization of the characteristic peak information, there were 13 characteristic peaks in the whole decoction. Baishao had three characteristic peaks, Honghua had seven characteristic peaks, and Chuanxiong and Danggui had three characteristic peaks. The paste-forming rate of the 15 batches of substance benchmarks was controlled at 33.11%-40.62%. The content of hydroxy safflower yellow A was 0.129%-0.203%, with the average transfer rate of 16.596%±0.669%.The content of ferulic acid was 0.043%-0.055%, with the average transfer rate of 20.489%±1.772%.The content of paeoniflorin was 0.676%-0.943%, with the average transfer rate of 29.112%±3.273%.The quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of classical prescription Taohong Siwu Decoction was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrums, paste-forming rate and the content of index components. The established substance benchmark quality evaluation method was stable and feasible, and could provide a basis for quality control and subsequent development of relevant preparations of Taohong Siwu Decoction.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878942

ABSTRACT

By preparing 10 batches of substance benchmarks freeze-drying powder( lyophilized powder),the methodology of the characteristic spectrum and the content of index component for substance benchmarks of Qingwei San was established. The characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrum,the contents and the transfer rate range of isoferulic acid,palmatine and paeonol,and the paste-forming rate range were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San. In the10 batches of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San,the similarity of characteristic spectrum was higher than 0. 90. In further comparison of the characteristic peak information,a total of 16 characteristic peaks were identified,including 5 characteristic peaks from Cimicifugae Rhizoma,5 characteristic peaks from Coptidis Rhizoma,2 characteristic peaks from Angelicae Sinensis Radix and 4 characteristic peaks from Moutan Cortex. The content of isoferulic acid was 0. 10%-0. 18%,with the average transfer rate of 49. 82%±4. 02%. The content of palmatine was 0. 17%-0. 31%,with the average transfer rate of 15. 84% ±2. 39%. The content of paeonol was 0. 41%-0. 75%,with the average transfer rate of 23. 41%±3. 23%. The paste-forming rate of the 10 batches of substance benchmarks were controlled at 27%-33%,with the transfer rate between the theoretical paste-forming rate and the actual paste-forming rate was 86. 59%±3. 39%. In this study,the quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrum,the content of index component and the paste-forming rate. A scientific and stable evaluation method was preliminarily established,so as to provide the basis for subsequent development and quality control of relevant preparations of Qingwei San.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Powders , Quality Control , Rhizome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878820

ABSTRACT

In this experiment, by determination of the HPLC characteristic spectrum of the classical prescription Qingwei San decoction, the contents of isoferulic acid, palmatine and paeonol in Qingwei San decoction and the extraction rate were investigated. The factors such as the crushing degree of decoction pieces, the amount of decocting water, the decocting time, the filter material and the decocting container involved in Qingwei San decoction process were examined to make a detailed comparison of Qingwei San's decoction processes during the development.HPLC characteristic spectrum method of Qingwei San was established, and then the decoction process parameters of Qingwei San were optimized, with the similarity of characteristic spectrum, the concentration of the index components and the extraction rate as indexes. The decoction process of Qingwei San was determined as follows: Qingwei San decoction pieces were weighed according to the prescription amount and pulverized into the most coarse powder; the powder was put in a ceramic pot, added with 225 mL water, heated to boiling, cooked for 50 minutes with gentle heat(100 W), and filtered with a layer of 300 mesh nylon cloth.The similarity of Qingwei San's characteristics pectrum of different decoction methods was all above 0.9, and the concentration of isoferulic acid, palmatine and paeonol in Qingwei San under determined decoction process was 40.74, 26.73, 65.73 μg·mL~(-1), respectively, with an extraction rate of 33.80%.The characteristic spectrum determined in this experiment can better express the information and index components of Qingwei San, and if combined with the extraction rate information, it can provide the general information, index component content and extraction information. The decoction process after detailed investigation can better reflect the quality of Qingwei San decoction, with easier control and operation. It can provide a basis for the subsequent research and development of Qingwei San decoction standard, and can also provide experimental basis and reference for the decoction process research of other classical prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Powders , Prescriptions , Water
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802224

ABSTRACT

This paper compared and analyzed the relevant records of Chinese medicine pharmacy in the Han,Tang and Song dynasties,and summarized the changes of the dosage forms,preparation techniques and administration methods of Chinese medicine with the development of history.In this study,three classic medical works in the Han,Tang and Song dynasties,including Treatise on Febrile Diseases Caused by Cold,Valuable Prescriptions for Emergency and Formularies of the Bureau of People's Welfare Pharmacies,were taken as the research objects,and the development of the dosage forms,auxiliary materials,preparation technology and medication theory were summarized and explored by the ways of content analysis,comparative analysis and case analysis.The comparison showed that in the development process,the dosage forms gradually increased,but the liquid dosage forms gradually decreased,the solid dosage forms gradually increased.Not only the dosage forms varied in the number,types of excipients used more and more,but the level of preparation had been constantly improved while the methods of taking became more detailed.This evolution of dosage forms and pharmaceutical technologies in Chinese history is worth learning and thinking about it.Through exploring the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) technologies and theories in the Han,Tang and Song dynasties,we can contribute to the inheritance of traditional preparations and it can provide the basis for the development of modern preparations with TCM characteristics.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801714

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effect of four kinds of decocting containers on the content of sinapine and the HPLC specific chromatograms of Sinapis Semen decoction,so as to optimize decocting container for the development of classical formulas. Method: Selecting four kinds of decoction vessels,named traditional casserole,ceramic pot,round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot as the research object,the content of sinapine in Sinapis Semen decoction and its HPLC specific chromatograms were used as indexes to investigate the influence of different decoction vessels on the decoction.Similarity evaluation of specific chromatograms was performed by the "Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine"(edition of 2004A). Result: The contents of sinapine in the decoction prepared by traditional casserole,ceramic pot,round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot were 0.04%,0.07%,0.84% and 0.97%,respectively.Compared with specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by traditional casserole,the similarities of specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by ceramic pot,round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot were 0.98,0.82 and 0.68,respectively.Compared with specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by ceramic pot,the similarities of specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot were 0.79 and 0.62,respectively.Compared with specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by round-bottom flask,the similarity of specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by stainless-steel pot was 0.97. Conclusion: The content of sinapine and HPLC specific chromatograms of Sinapis Semen decoction obtained from different decocting containers are quite different.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773235

ABSTRACT

To establish a determination method for the contents of ammonium glycyrrhetate,nardosinone,and curcumin in transdermal receptor liquid of Baimai Ointment,and investigate the percutaneous permeability of Baimai Ointment and the effects of two kinds of penetration enhancers on percutaneous absorption of three components. The contents of ammonium glycyrrhetate,nardosinone,and curcumin in transdermal receptor liquid were determined by high pressure liquid chromatography( HPLC). The vertical modified Franz diffusion cell was used to perform a transdermal experiment in vitro with the abdominal skin of mice( treated and untreated). The transdermal receptor liquid was preferably used to investigate the transdermal absorption rule of the Baimai Ointment and the effect of the penetration enhancer. The results showed that the comprehensive solubility of PEG-ET-NS( 3 ∶3 ∶4) was best among three types of receptor liquid PG-ET-NS( 3 ∶3 ∶4),PEG-ET-NS( 3 ∶3 ∶4),ET-NS( 3 ∶7). PEG-ET-NS was used as the receptor liquid for in vitro transdermal experiments. The cumulative permeation area of ammonium glycyrrhetate,nardosinone and curcumin within 24 h was 5. 73,18. 99,0. 38 μg·cm~(-2)respectively. Taking QEFand ER as comprehensive evaluation indicators of permeation performance,the comprehensive penetration-promoting performance of ammonium glycyrrhizinate: 3% PEG 400-ethanol-normal saline ≈ 1. 19 times( 3%azone) = 1. 94 times( blank); comprehensive penetration-promoting performance of nardosinone: 3% PEG 400-ethanol-normal saline≈1. 28 times( 3% azone) = 1. 37 times( blank); the comprehensive penetration performance of curcumin: 3% PEG 400-ethanol-normal saline≈1. 77 times( 3% azone) ≈3. 42 times( blank). The comprehensive penetration enhancement properties of the two penetration enhancers were as follows: 3% PEG 400-ethanol-normal saline>3%azone>blank. The transdermal absorption curve of ammonium glycyrrhetate,nardosinone and curcumin in Baimai Ointment were consistent with the zero-order equation,indicating that the transdermal absorption process was irrelevant to the concentration of three components,and its was a diffusion process. This experiment provides reference for the study of ointment transdermal preparations.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Animals , Mice , Ointments , Pharmacokinetics , Permeability , Skin , Skin Absorption
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771676

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research is to investigate the effects of paeoniflorin and menthol on the physiological function of Calu-3 cell membrane during the transport of puerarin. Calu-3 cell was used as the cell model to simulate nasal mucosa tissues, and the cell membrane fluidity, Na⁺-K⁺-ATPase activity and Ca²⁺-ATPase activity were detected by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching(FRAP) and ultramicro enzyme activity testing, in order to explore the mechanism of compatible drugs on promoting puerarin transport. The results showed that when puerarin associated with low, middle and high concentration of menthol or both paeoniflorin and menthol, the fluorescence recovery rate was increased significantly, while Na⁺-K⁺-ATPase activity had no significant change and Ca²⁺-ATPase activity was enhanced significantly as compared with puerarin alone. Therefore, it was concluded that menthol had the abilit of promoting the transport and the mechanism might be related to increasing membrane fluidity and activating Ca²⁺-ATPase.


Subject(s)
Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Membrane , Glucosides , Chemistry , Humans , Isoflavones , Metabolism , Membrane Fluidity , Menthol , Chemistry , Monoterpenes , Chemistry , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275475

ABSTRACT

To optimize the ethanol extraction process for Shenlian formula. On the basis of the pharmacodynamics index for different extraction process routes, the contents of salvianolic acid B, tanshinone ⅡA and berberine, as well as the extraction ratio in different experimental schemes were used as the ethanol extraction examining indexes, and multi-criterion synthesizing grading method was used for data analysis to optimize and verify the ethanol-extraction process conditions in orthogonal experiment. The optimum ethanol extraction process was as follows: adding 60% ethanol, 10 times amount, extracting for 2.0 h each time for a total of 2 times. This extraction process showed good stability and availability.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350142

ABSTRACT

To establish a determination method for the contents of paeonol, eugenol and piperine in receptor liquid and to research the transdermal permeability of Huoxue Zhitong patch. The contents of paeonol, eugenol and piperine in receptor liquid were determined by high pressure liquid chromatography(HPLC); and the receptor liquid was optimized by taking accumulative amount penetrated within 24 hours, percutaneous permeation rate and skin irritation as indexes. In vitro Franz diffusion experiment was applied to assess the percutaneous penetration characteristics and regularity of Huoxue Zhitong patch. The results showed that the accumulative penetration amount and penetration rate by using PEG 400-ethanol-normal saline 3∶3∶4 as receptor liquid were higher than those by using propylene glycol∶ethanol∶normal saline 3∶3∶4 and ethanol-normal saline 3∶7, the and skin irritation of PEG 400-ethanol-normal saline 3∶3∶4 was smaller than propylene glycol:ethanol: normal saline 3∶3∶4. Results of percutaneous permeability experiments displayed that the accumulative amount penetrated of paeonol, eugenol and piperine within 24 hours was 2.84, 19.9, and 0.753 μg•cm⁻² respectively in Huoxue Zhitong patch and the penetration rate was 0.18, 1.22, and 0.02 μg•cm⁻²•h⁻¹ respectively. Thus, the permeation of paeonol, eugenol and piperine through the skin was a diffusion process, which was irrelevant to their content in patch.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338217

ABSTRACT

Bio-adhesive drug delivery system (BDDS) is a novel drug delivery system, which can prolong the retention time of the preparation, improve the stability of the drug, and improve the mucosa absorption and the targeting of the drug. With the development of polymer materials over the past 30 years, BDDS made a great progress. This paper reviews the muco-adhesion theory, adhesive materials, and methods to evaluate muco-adhesive properties and applications in traditional Chinese medicine according to domestic and foreign literatures, in order to provide new ideas for further studies.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272735

ABSTRACT

To investigate the changes in intestinal absorption of ginsenosides Rg₁, ginsenosides Re and ginsenosides Rd after combined administration of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma extract and Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma, in order to confirm whether the combined administration is scientific and rational, and provide experimental basis for pharmaceutical studies of the formula. An in vivo single-pass perfusion method was performed to study the effect of various concentrations of ginsenosides Rg₁, ginsenosides Re, ginsenosides Rd on the intestinal absorption at duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon. The concentrations of ginsenosides Rg₁, ginsenosides Re, ginsenosides Rd were determined by RP-HPLC.The absorption rate constant (Ka) and the apparent absorption coefficient(Papp) of ginsenosides Rg₁, ginsenosides Re, ginsenosides Rd were calculated.The result showed that ginsenosides Rg₁, ginsenosides Re, ginsenosides Rd had a high absorption rate on upper portion of the small intestine. The drug concentration had not significantly impact on the absorption rate, suggesting that ginsenosides Rg₁, ginsenosides Re, ginsenosides Rd were absorbed via passive diffusion.Volatile oil of Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma had obvious effect in enhancing intestinal absorption of ginsenosides Rg₁, ginsenosides Re, ginsenosides Rd, indicating that the combined administration of Ginseng extract and Acorus tatarinowii Schott is scientific and rational.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272704

ABSTRACT

To establish a method for detecting micro-dialysis recovery of paeonol, eugenol and piperine in Huoxue Zhitong patch, in order to provide the basis for further percutaneous pharmacokinetics studies. The concentrations of paeonol, eugenol and piperine in dialysates were determined by HPLC, and probe deliveries were calculated respectively. The effects of concentration and calibration approaches on the micro-dialysis probe deliveries of the three components were investigated, and their probe absorbability, in vitro and in vivo probe stability and repeatability were also studied.The results indicated that little paeonol, eugenol and piperine were observed in probes with 30% alcohol as the perfusate, and could be cleaned from probe in a short time. And the in vivo and in vitro probe deliveries of three components were stable within 8 h, drug-containing solution and blank perfusate were alternatively used for three times, and the in vivo and in vitro probe deliveries of three components were basically unchanged. The in vitro recoveries of paeonol, eugenol and piperine with a range of concentration were respectively (45.7±4.66)%, (27.82±2.95)%, (41.3±3.96)%, which indicated no concentration independent. Under the same conditions, the similar delivery was observed by dialysis, retrodialysis and no-net flux. Therefore, the concentrations of analyses of the collected fraction could be calibrated by in vitro or in vivo recoveries. Meanwhile, this also proved that the micro-dialysis method built by this study is applicable to the study on percutaneous pharmacokinetics of Huoxue Zhitong patch.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304856

ABSTRACT

This experiment focused on the effect of salvianolic acid B's nasal absorption characteristics in rats. In the study, HPLC determination of salvianolic acid B(SalB) in perfusion liquid was established to examine the SalB nasal irritation in different pH buffers and stability in nasal perfusion solution, and systematically study in vivo nasal absorption characteristics of SalB. Improved rats were adopted to establish the in situ nasal perfusion model to measure the release of total protein and lactate dehydrogenase in perfusion fluid, quantitatively evaluate the nasal irritation and the stability in perfusion liquid of pH 4.0, 5.0, 6.0 SalB phosphate buffer, compare the absorption of SalB in pH 5.0 buffer solution with low, medium and high concentrations (200, 400, 800 mg•L⁻¹). According to the results, nasal irritation: pH 4.0>pH 5.0>pH 6.0, RSD of pH 6.0 SalB buffer solution within 24 h was 3.1%, stability was poor. PH 5.0 SalB buffer solution had a smaller irritation and good stability. According to the nose perfusion test in rats, the nasal absorption of SalB fitted the first-order process and could be considered as passive absorption based on concentration gradient. SalB buffer solution of pH 5.0 had also a small nasal irritation and good stability, with a good absorption in rat nasal perfusion test, which therefore had a certain significance for the development of SalB nasal formulation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237689

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine has a long history of intranasal administration. Compared with the other administration routes, intranasal administration has the benefits of fast absorption, high bioavailability, high brain-targeting and non-invasive. In the past few years we take "Xingnaojing" and "Tongqiao Sanyu formula" as model drug and studied pharmacokinetics of effective components of different polarities. MDCK/MDCK-MDR1 cells were used to simulate blood brain barrier to study the permeate behaviors of different drug and the mechanism of enhancing effects of aromatic medicine. Then a microemulsion (modified by mPEG2000-PLA) was prepared for intranasal administration, and the pharmacokinetics and investigated tissue distribution were studied by fluorescence imaging. The irritation of the drug and different preparations were studied on human nasal epithelial cell (HNEC) cell and living animals. In this paper, we reviewed the achievements and hope that it can provide constructive suggestions for the future research.


Subject(s)
Administration, Intranasal , Methods , Animals , Biological Availability , Blood-Brain Barrier , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Humans
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304834

ABSTRACT

The borneol was included with β-CD and prepared Fufang Danshen intestinal adhesion pellets. GC method for determination of borneol in Fufang Danshen intestinal adhesion pellets was established to study its in vitro dissolution and make a comparison with the Fufang Danshen tablet, in this way, the rationality of dosage form was evaluated. The first method of dissolution determination was used for determining the in vitro dissolution of borneol in Fufang Danshen intestinal adhesion pellets in artificial intestinal juice, and Fufang Danshen tablet in artificial gastric juice and intestinal juice, respectively. Result shows: the concentration of borneol in Fufang Danshen intestinal adhesion pellets and Fufang Danshen tablet was 0.79% and 0.80%, respectively. Its in vitro dissolution was nearly 70% within 12 h in Fufang Danshen intestinal adhesion pellets, and in Fufang Danshen tablet, the dissolution was about 60% within 20 min and more than 90% within 40 min, and in artificial gastric juice, was less than 20% within 40 min but more than 80% till 150 min. Research suggests that in comparison with Fufang Danshen tablet, in vitro dissolution of borneol in the Fufang Danshen intestinal adhesion pellets showed an obvious sustained release behavior. The borneol in Fufang Danshen intestinal adhesion pellets was included with β-CD and prepared enteric preparations. To some extent, the stimulation on stomach and intestinal mucosa can be reduced and safety can be improved.


Subject(s)
Camphanes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Dosage Forms , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Models, Biological , Solubility
17.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014; 27 (2): 369-375
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-138639

ABSTRACT

Current work aimed to develop and evaluate a transdermal delivery system of hydrogel patch for ferulic acid to treat skin damage induced by UV radiation. VISCOMATE[TM] NP700, dihydroxy aluminium aminoacetate, glycerine, tartaric acid were used in combination in different ratios to design the hydrogel patch. In vitro release rate was selected as an index to optimize the formulation. The formulated hydrogel patch was evaluated by several parameters like tacking strength, cohesive strength, peeling strength, residuals after peeling and drug content determination. The in vitro penetration was determined by Franz diffusion technology with hairless mouse skin as permeability media. Different kinetics models were employed to simulate the release and penetrate patterns of ferulic acid from patches in order to investigate the drug transport mechanism. The residual drugs in the patch and skin were determined after the penetration experiment. The optimized preparation was dihydroxy aluminium aminoacetate: NP700: glycerine: ferulic acid as a ratio of 0.02:0.4:1.5:1.25:0.25. The cumulative percentage of release was 60.4465 +/- 1.7679% for 24h, which results from a combination of diffusion effect and polymer erosion effect. For the barrier of stratum corneum, the cumulative penetrate rate was only 1.3156 +/- 0.3588% and the release mechanism turn out to be the effect of erosion of polymer surface. The residual drugs in the patch were 97.5949 +/- 1.4932%. The in vitro data revealed that it was easy for ferulic acid to release from the paste while difficult to permeate through the skin barrier, which resulted in most of drugs residued in the paste. Hence, further experiments will be necessary for finding the penetration enhancer in ferulic acid transdermal delivery

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244582

ABSTRACT

Using sustained release tablets of gardenia extract as model drug and DPPH radical scavenging capacity as antioxidant index, the feasibility of using pharmacodynamics index was explored to evaluate sustained release tablets. Applying the established quantifiable method of DPPH radical scavenging to the dissolved liquid of model drug, release profiles and biological effects profiles were drawn, and their correlation was discussed. A good correlation was observed by linear regression and f2 actor, suggesting that the indicator could be used to evaluate sustained release tabletsofextracts of gardenia in which iridoids were mainly involved.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Biphenyl Compounds , Metabolism , Delayed-Action Preparations , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Free Radicals , Metabolism , Gardenia , Chemistry , Kinetics , Linear Models , Oxidation-Reduction , Picrates , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Tablets
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330291

ABSTRACT

To establish a UPLC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of geniposide, genipin 1-O-beta-D-gentiobioside and geniposidic acid in rat brains and study the brain pharmacokinetics of the three iridoid glycosides in stroke rat after the oral administration of Xingnaojing. In this experiment, brain samples were precipitated with protein for twice. Acquity BEH C18 column was adopted, with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid-water as the mobile phase for gradient elution. ESI source was adopted for mass spectra; multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) was conducted to detect negative ions. The time for sample analysis was 3.5 min. the results showed good linear relations among the three iridoid glycosides, with the extraction recovery between 99.6% and 114.3%, good intra- and inter-day precisions and accuracies and stability in line with the requirements. The t1/2 and MRT in the three components were similar in brains of stroke rats. Geniposide and genipin 1-O-beta-D-gentiobioside showed double peaks; where as geniposidic acid showed a single peak. In conclusion, the method is so specific, sensitive, accurate and reliable that it can be used to study the brain pharmacokinetics of Xingnaojing oral preparation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Brain Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Stability , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Iridoids , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321356

ABSTRACT

An HPLC method for the determination of geniposide concentration in mouse plasma was developed and the pharmacokinetics after intranasal administration of Xingnaojing microemulsion (XNJ-M) and mPEG2000-PLA modified Xingnaojing microemulsion (XNJ-MM) were investigated. Eighty mice were treated by XNJ-M and XNJ-MM nasally. The plasma samples were collected at different times and the drug in samples was detected by HPLC. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by the software of Kinetica. The pharmacokinetic parameters of geniposide of XNJ-M were C(max) (4.36 +/- 2.69) mg x L(-1), t(max) 1 min, MRT (29.73 +/- 4.54) min, AUC (53.63 +/- 14.03) mg x L(-1) x min. The pharmacokinetic parameters of geniposide of XNJ-MM were C(max) (9.75 +/- 4.14) mg x L(-1), t(max) 1 min, MRT(22.34 +/- 2.90) min, AUC (131.87 +/- 40.13) mg x L(-1) x min. Geniposide can be absorbed into blood in a higher degree after intranasal administration with XNJ-MM compared to XNJ-M, which maybe caused by its less irritating and more absorption.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Emulsions , Iridoids , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Lactic Acid , Chemistry , Male , Mice , Polyesters , Polyethylene Glycols , Chemistry , Polymers , Chemistry
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