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1.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 465-470, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009379

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the feasibility of genetic marker detection of semen-specific coding region single nucleotide polymorphism (cSNP) based on SNaPshot technology in semen stains and mixed body fluid identification.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA (gDNA) and total RNA were extracted from 16 semen stains and 11 mixtures composed of semen and venous blood, and the total RNA was reverse transcribed into complementary DNA (cDNA). The cSNP genetic markers were screened on the validated semen-specific mRNA coding genes. The cSNP multiplex detection system based on SNaPshot technology was established, and samples were genotyped by capillary electrophoresis (CE).@*RESULTS@#A multiplex detection system containing 5 semen-specific cSNPs was successfully established. In 16 semen samples, except the cSNP located in the TGM4 gene showed allele loss in cDNA detection results, the gDNA and cDNA typing results of other cSNPs were highly consistent. When detecting semen-venous blood mixtures, the results of cSNP typing detected were consistent with the genotype of semen donor and were not interfered by the genotype of venous blood donor.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The method of semen-specific cSNPs detection by SNaPshot technology method can be applied to the genotyping of semen (stains) and provide information for determining the origin of semen in mixed body fluids (stains).


Subject(s)
Genetic Markers , Semen , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Body Fluids , RNA, Messenger/genetics , DNA , Saliva , Forensic Genetics/methods
2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 407-411, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015309

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether microRNAs (miRNA) in astrocytes participate in regulating the phenotypic switch in the developing central nervous system (CNS). Methods The hGFAP-CreERT; Dicer fl/fl; mT/mG and Dicer fl/fl; mT/mG mice were generated and induced by tamoxifen (TMF). The)' were divided into 7 days, 10 days, 14 days Dicer conditional knock out (Dicer CKO) group and control group according to their age and the expression of hGFAP-CreERT. These 24 mice were divided into six groups and each group contained four mice. Then the change of astrocytes in the developing CNS was observed by immunofluorescenct staining. Results Both of the densities of astrocytes and microglial cells increased in the Dicer CKO mice brains as compared to littermate controls. Conclusion Dicer and miRNA of astrocytes are important for astrocytes quiescence in developing brains.

3.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 763-773, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984169

ABSTRACT

In forensic physical evidence identification, the accurate identification of the individual origin and their body fluid composition of the biological samples obtained from the crime scene play a critical role in determining the nature of a crime. In recent years, RNA profiling has become one of the fastest developing methods for body fluids identification. Due to the characteristics of tissue or body fluid specific expression, various types of RNA markers have been proven to be promising candidate markers for body fluids identification in previous studies. This review summarizes the research progress of RNA markers in body fluids identification, including the RNA markers that have been effectively verified in current research and their advantages and disadvantages. Meanwhile, this review prospects the application of RNA markers in forensic medicine.


Subject(s)
Forensic Medicine/methods , Body Fluids/chemistry , RNA/analysis , Feces , Forensic Genetics , Semen/chemistry , Saliva/chemistry
4.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 364-367, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702281

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the efficacy comparison of two administration methods of fluconazole in the treatment of intractable vulvovaginal candidiasis( VVC) . Methods 200 patients with intractable VVC were selected in our hospital from January 2014 to January 2017;according to the random number table,all patients were divided into single-dose group and consolidation group,each with 100 cases;the single-dose group was orally administered a single dose of 150mg fluconazole,while the consolidation group was orally administered 150mg o-ral fluconazole(1 time/d, continuous treatment for 3d, and administering it 1 time after next menstruation);the clinical symptom remission time,curative effect,adverse reaction and recurrence were compared in two groups. Results The vaginal itching,abdomen pain,vaginal se-cretion,mucosal hyperemia,edema remission time and the treatment efficiency rate,adverse reaction rate of single group and consolidation group were basically the same;and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0. 05). During the 12-month follow-up,the recurrence rate of consolidated group was significantly lower than that of single-dose group,the difference was statistically significant(P<0. 05). Con-clusion Compared with the single dose,the fluconazole consolidation therapy also has the good therapeutic efficacy and safety in the treat-ment of intractable VVC,and it can effectively reduce the recurrence of patients,so it is worth further clinical promotion.

5.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 454-461, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a method of fingerprint position, sample transfer and fingerprint DNA extraction in contact samples.@*METHODS@#Sixty-six cases were visualized by 502 glue fingerprint fumigation. Two methods, ordinary wipe and acetone wipe, were used to transfer cast-off cells of fingerprints from testing samples, respectively. DNA was extracted and purified by ultramicro magnetic bead kit. The data was resolved on genetic analysis after amplification.@*RESULTS@#In 33 samples, 30 samples got better STR analysis by acetone wipe method. The peak range was 1,000-4,000 RFU and peak shapes were equable. It was hard to get ideal STR typing by ordinary wipe method.@*CONCLUSION@#The samples are visualized by 502 glue fingerprint fumigation and the case-off cells are transferred by acetone wipe method. The method shows better STR analysis result, which might be a better method for forensic science practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adhesives , DNA/isolation & purification , DNA Fingerprinting/methods , Forensic Medicine , Fumigation/methods
6.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 439-442, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324230

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical characteristics of 267 cases with occupational chronic carbon disulfide (CS(2)) poisoning and to provide the basis for revising the items of periodical medical examination of workers occupationally exposed to CS(2).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The subjects of present study were 267 patients with mild CS(2) poisoning diagnosed according to "Diagnostic Criteria of Occupational Chronic Carbon Disulfide Poisoning (GBZ4-2002)" from April in 2006 to May in 2010. All patients were from the same chemical fiber factory. When a subject was diagnosed as patient with CS(2) poisoning, who should interview with questionnaire which included the illness and occupational history, symptoms, individual habits. The physical examination, nervous test, cardiovascular test, biochemical test and electromyogram were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The rate of decreased motor conduction velocity was 87.3% (233/267 roots). The highest detection rate of slowing conduction velocity was the common peroneal motor nerve which was 48.6% (138/248 roots) and the second was median motor nerve with delay rate of 37% (155/419 roots). The main symptoms of the patients were neurasthenia, numbness and paresthesia. The rates of abnormal achilles tendon reflex and knee jerk reflex in patients were were 79.4% and 49.8%, respectively. The detected rates of patients with ST-segment changes and hypertension were 19.1% and 27.5%, respectively. The rates of hypertension, systolic pressure and diastolic pressure were 27.3%, 22.5% and 21.1%, respectively. The rates of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), triglycerides (TG) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) were high. The detected rates of urine acid, indirect bilirubin and total bilirubin in male patients were higher than those in female patients. In addition, the abnormal detected rate of urea nitrogen and indirect bilirubin increased with exposure years.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Occupational chronic CS(2) poisoning mainly affects the nervous system, as well as liver and kidney function. Detecting the median and common peroneal motor nerve conduction velocities could be the screening indicators for the peripheral nerve injury induced by CS(2) in the occupational exposure population during the periodical occupational medical examinations.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carbon Disulfide , Poisoning , Chemical Industry , Kidney , Liver , Multiphasic Screening , Nervous System , Neural Conduction , Occupational Exposure
7.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 443-447, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324229

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of carbon disulfide (CS(2)) on the health of workers, and to provide the basis for the further preventive measures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The occupational health examination of 881 workers exposed to CS(2) in a chemical fiber factory was carried out according to the national technical standard of occupational health surveillance. The time weighted average concentrations (TWA) of CS(2) in the workshops of short silk and long silk exceeded the national standard, The workers in these two workshops served as the high exposure group. The workers of the other workshops were classified as low exposure group, in which TWA met the national standard. All exposed workers were also divided into long-term exposure group and short-term exposure group on the basis of average exposure years (16 years). The statistical analysis was used by t test, χ(2), and fisher exact test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The symptom rates of numbness, fatigue, dizziness, insomnia and headache were 12.5%, 8.5%, 8.2%, 7.5%, and 7.2% respectively. The abnormal rates of superficial sensation, three fibrillation, achilles tendon reflex, patellar reflex, EMG, hypertension, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, and apolipoprotein B were 33.0%, 26.1%, 20.8%, 18.6%, 10.8%, 33.4%, 24.5%, 17.0% and 9.3% respectively. Among the high exposure group, the abnormal detectable rates of dizziness, headache, fatigue, insomnia, numbness, achilles tendon reflex, superficial and deep sensation, EMG, hypertension, ECG, total cholesterol, triglyceride and low density lipoprotein in long-term exposure group were significantly higher than those in short-term exposure group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). However, among the low exposure group, the abnormal rates of the insomnia achilles tendon reflex and superficial sensation in long term exposure group were significantly higher than those of short term exposure group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The detected rates of hypertension, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, creatinine and uric acid were in males significantly greater than those in females (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Long-term exposure to high concentrations of CS(2) could lead to the damage of nervous system, elevate blood pressure and promote the development and progression of hyperlipemia and atherosclerosis. Furthermore, CS(2) had greater effects on blood pressure and lipid in males than in females.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Carbon Disulfide , Cardiovascular System , Chemical Industry , Health Status , Multiphasic Screening , Nervous System Diseases , Epidemiology , Occupational Exposure
8.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 532-536, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321927

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of FAS and FASL gene polymorphisms on genetic susceptibility of coal worker's pneumoconiosis and their relationship to the pulmonary fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>340 with coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP) and 312 coal mine workers (controls) exposed to the coal dusts were selected. FAS-1377G > A, FAS-670A > G and FASL-844T > C gene polymorphisms were analyzed by PCR-RFLP techniques.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The distribution frequencies of genotypes of FAS-1377, FAS-670, FASL-844 genotypes in CWP had no significant differences compared to the control. Compared to CWP patients with exposure year > or = 25, the risk of pneumoconiosis with FAS-1377 GA/AA genotype was significantly higher than those with FAS-1377GG in the patients working age < 25 years (P = 0.098, 95% CI: 0.932 approximately 2.298); the risk of CWP in those with FAS-670AG genotype was higher than those with FAS-670GG genotype (P = 0.098, 95% CI: 0.928 approximately 2.404) the risks of CWP in those with FASL-844TT genotype and FASL-844TC genotype were respectively higher than those with FASL-844CC genotype (P = 0.039, 95% CI: 1.088 approximately 27.358, P = 0.089, 95% CI: 0.852 approximately 2.101). The frequencies of genotypes of FASL-844T > C were significantly different between CWP patients with exposure year > or = 25 and < 25. The risk of CWP with FASL-844TT genotype was significantly higher than that of FASL-844TT + TC (P = 0.054, 95% CI: 0.971 approximately 23.833). The risk of CWP patients with FASL-844TT/CT + FAS-1377GA genotype was 1.810-fold than the patients with FASL-844CC + FAS-1377GG genotype. The risk of CWP patients with FASL-844TT/CT + FAS-670AG genotype was 2.117-fold than the patients with FASL-844CC + FAS-670AA genotype. The risk of CWP patients with FASL-844TT/TC + FAS-1377GA/AA + FAS-670AG/GG genotype was 2.043-fold than the patients with FASL-844CC + FAS-1377GG+FAS-670AA genotype.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FAS-1377G > A, FAS-670A > G and FASL-844T > C gene polymorphisms may not be associated with the susceptibility of CWP in Han nationality, but these three gene polymorphisms and their joint actions may influence on the progression of CWP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anthracosis , Genetics , China , Fas Ligand Protein , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Genetic , fas Receptor , Genetics
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