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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 724-734, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016610

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the antitussive and expectorant activity of platycodin D (PD) were studied by constructing a mouse cough induced by concentrated ammonia water and a mouse trachea phenol red excretion model. The mechanism of antitussive and expectorant effect of PD was studied by metabolomics. The animal experiment was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Jiangxi University of Chinese Medicine (approval number: JZLLSC-20220739). Then mice were randomly divided into the normal, model, positive drug, PD low-dose, PD medium-dose and PD high-dose group. The antitussive and expectorant effects of PD were evaluated using a cough mouse model induced by concentrated ammonia water and a mouse tracheal phenol red excretion model, respectively. UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS was used to identify the metabolites of mouse lung tissue, and multivariate statistical analysis method of orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) was used for metabolites profile analysis. The differential metabolites were screened by variable projected importance value (VIP) and t-test results. Pathways for enrichment of differentiated metabolites were analyzed using the MetaboAnalyst platform. The comparative method was applied to analyze the differences in mechanisms of PD, Deapio-platycodin D (DPD) and total platycosides fraction. The results showed that PD at different concentrations could significantly prolong (P < 0.05) the incubation period of cough mice induced by ammonia water, reduce the coughs frequency, and significantly increase (P < 0.05) the amount of phenol red excretion in phenol red excretion model mice. PD could regulate 6 metabolic pathways of phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, linoleic acid metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, and tyrosine metabolism to exert antitussive effect. It could also regulate 8 metabolic pathways of linoleic acid metabolism, glyoxylic acid and dicarboxylic acid metabolism, glycerol phospholipid metabolism, citric acid cycle and arachidonic acid metabolism to exert an expectorant effect. However, only linoleic acid metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism could be regulated by the PD, total platycosides fraction and DPD, which may be ascribed to the structural difference of the platycosides and the interaction between platycosides and the intestinal microbiota. Functional analysis showed that these metabolic pathways are closely related to the regulatory mechanisms of anti-inflammatory response, immune function regulation, neurotransmitter release, cell signal transduction, energy metabolism and cell apoptosis. This study shows that PD possesses good antitussive and expectorant activities. In addition, the mechanism difference of PD, total platycosides fraction and DPD imply that the apiose in PD and the interaction between PD and intestinal microbiota could exert an important effect on the antitussive and expectorant mechanism of the platycosides.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5345-5355, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008732

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the effect of Buyang Huanwu Decoction(BYHWD) on endogenous biomarkers in the urine of rats with chronic inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS) using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), aiming to elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the therapeutic effect of BYHWD on chronic inflammation from a metabolomics perspective. Male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose BYHWD groups(7.5, 15, and 30 g·kg~(-1)). The model group and BYHWD groups received tail intravenous injection of LPS(200 μg·kg~(-1)) on the first day of each week, followed by oral administration of BYHWD once a day for four consecutive weeks. Urine samples were collected at the end of the administration period, and UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to analyze the metabolic profiles of the rat urine in each group. Multivariate statistical analysis methods such as principal component analysis(PCA), partial least squares-discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were used to analyze the effect of BYHWD on endogenous metabolites. One-way ANOVA and variable importance for the projection(VIP) were used to screen for potential biomarkers related to chronic inflammation. The identified biomarkers were subjected to pathway and enrichment analysis using MetaboAnalyst 5.0. A total of 25 potential biomarkers were screened and identified in the rat urine in this experiment. Compared with the normal group, the model group showed significant increases in the levels of 14 substances(P<0.05) and significant decreases in the levels of 11 substances(P<0.05). BYHWD was able to effectively reverse the trend of most endogenous biomarkers. Compared with the model group, BYHWD significantly down-regulated 13 biomarkers(P<0.05) and up-regulated 10 biomarkers(P<0.05). The metabolic products were mainly related to the biosynthesis of pantothenic acid and coenzyme A, tryptophan metabolism, retinol metabolism, and propionate metabolism. BYHWD has therapeutic effect on chronic inflammation induced by LPS, which may be related to its ability to improve the levels of endogenous metabolites, enhance the body's anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capabilities, and restore normal metabolic activity.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Lipopolysaccharides , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Metabolomics/methods , Inflammation/drug therapy , Biomarkers/urine
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 161-167, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802350

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a HPLC fingerprint detection method of Plantaginis Semen, and analyze the samples from different producing areas in Jiangxi province by combining with chemical pattern recognition method, and the contents of five ingredients in Plantaginis Semen were determined. Method:A total of 34 batches of Plantaginis Semen medicinal materials were detected by HPLC. The similarity evaluation was carried out by the 2012 edition of similarity evaluation system of chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine. The chromatographic peak information was used as the data source, and three chemical pattern recognition methods were used to comprehensively analyze the quality of this medicinal herb. Quantitative analysis was performed on the 5 active components, including geniposidic acid, plantamajoside, acteoside, galuteolin and isoacteoside. Result:The similarities between Plantaginis Semen samples from different producing areas in Jiangxi province were >0.86. Orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) could distinguish samples from different producing areas, and be used to determine the chemical components, which had strong correlation with the quality of Plantaginis Semen. The contents of 5 active components in samples from different producing areas were different to some degree, especially in the content of plantamajoside. Conclusion:The established HPLC fingerprint of Plantaginis Semen has strong characteristics, combined with chemical pattern recognition method, it can effectively evaluate the quality of Plantaginis Semen and distinguish its producing areas.

4.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 178-180, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703838

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility of DDD pacemaker implantation under EnSite system guidance with micro X-ray. Methods: DDD pacemaker implantation under EnSite system guidance with micro X-ray was performed in 5 special patients who needed cardiac pacing while should be avoid X-ray exposure. Results: All 5 patients were smoothly finished DDD pacemaker implantation, no wire dislocation or perforation occurred after the operation. The cumulative skin radiation dose was (2.20±0.45) mGy, operative X-ray exposure time was (11.60±2.07) s and the operation time was (58.40±4.04) min. Conclusion: DDD pacemaker implantation under EnSite system guidance with micro X-ray was safe and feasible.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1831-1836, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351255

ABSTRACT

To explore the correlation between the ecological factors and the contents of podophyllotoxin and total lignans in root and rhizome of Sinopodophyllum hexandrum, podophyllotoxin in 87 samples (from 5 provinces) was determined by HPLC and total lignans by UV. A correlation and regression analysis was made by software SPSS 16.0 in combination with ecological factors (terrain, soil and climate). The content determination results showed a great difference between podophyllotoxin and total lignans, attaining 1.001%-6.230% and 5.350%-16.34%, respective. The correlation and regression analysis by SPSS showed a positive linear correlation between their contents, strong positive correlation between their contents, latitude and annual average rainfall within the sampling area, weak negative correlation with pH value and organic material in soil, weaker and stronger positive correlations with soil potassium, weak negative correlation with slope and annual average temperature and weaker positive correlation between the podophyllotoxin content and soil potassium.


Subject(s)
Berberidaceae , Chemistry , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Climate , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Ecosystem , Lignans , Chemistry , Podophyllotoxin , Chemistry , Soil , Chemistry , Temperature
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1724-1727, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231703

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>To study the characters of high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) in the seizure onset zones (SOZ) and the nonseizure onset zones (NSOZ) in the electrocorticography (ECoG) of patients with neocortical epilepsy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Only patients with neocortical epilepsy who were seizure-free after surgery as determined with ECoG were included. We selected patients with normal magnetic resonance imaging before surgery in order to avoid the influence of HFOs by other lesions. Three minutes preictal and 10 min interictal ECoG as recorded in 39 channels in the SOZ and 256 channels in the NSOZ were analyzed. Ripples and fast ripples (FRs) were analyzed by Advanced Source Analysis software (ASA, The Netherlands). Average duration of HFOs was analyzed in SOZ and NSOZ separately.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For ripples, the permillage time occupied by HFOs was 0.83 in NSOZ and 1.17 in SOZ during the interictal period. During preictal period, they were 2.02 in NSOZ and 7.93 in SOZ. For FRs, the permillage time occupied by HFOs was 0.02 in NSOZ and 0.42 in SOZ during the interictal period. During preictal period, they were 0.03 in NSOZ and 2 in SOZ.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>High-frequency oscillations are linked to SOZ in neocortical epilepsy. Our study demonstrates the prevalent occurrence of HFOs in SOZ. More and more burst of HFOs, especially FRs, means the onset of seizures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Electrocorticography , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy , Seizures
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2299-2303, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337941

ABSTRACT

In order to find the optimal topographical factor for regionslization, the content of cimetidine in 116 Sinopodophyllum hexandrum sample collected from Sichuan, Qinghai, Gansu, Tibet, Yunnan and Shaanxi provinces, was determined. Using mathematical statistics and geographical spatial analysis of GIS analysis, the relationship between content of podophyllotoxin and influencing factors including altitude gradient and gradient position was analyzed. It is found that the optimal altitude was 2 800 m to 3 600 m, the aspect of slope north or northeast and northwest and the slope 12 degrees to 65 degrees with a high suitability degree. Considering the artificial planting, the suitable planting area for S. hexandrum is comfirmed. The topographical factor is important for S. hexandrum regionalization, but has hardly effect on podophyllotoxin content. The results of the study provide an important scientific basis for S. hexandrum production development. But there are many factors which affect suitability index and podophyllotoxin content of S. hexandrum, it is necessary to consider other factors like climate and soil while exploitation and protection of S. hexandrum.


Subject(s)
Altitude , Berberidaceae , Chemistry , China , Ecosystem , Podophyllotoxin
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1540-1542, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264902

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECT</b>To study the effects of different kinds and amounts of fertilizers on spring shoots growth yield of Akebia trifoliate.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>By applying orthogonal design method, the effects of fertilizers on spring shoots growth yield were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The optimization project of applying fertilizers was K3N3J2P2, the amount of potassium fertilizer was 0.075 kg per m2, nitrogenous fertilizers was 0.090 kg per m2, organic fertilizer was 0.300 kg per m2, phosphate fertilizer was 0.090 kg per m2. The effect sequence of different fertilizer on spring shoots growth was K > N > J > P.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Spring shoots growth yield of A. trifoliate can increase significantly by reasonable applying fertilizer.</p>


Subject(s)
Fertilizers , Magnoliopsida , Nitrogen , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Phosphorus , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Shoots , Potassium , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Seasons
9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 84-88, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264692

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Measuring the serum concentrations of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol in epileptic seizures during sleep to investigate their link to the EEG changes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Pre-surgical evaluation was performed by video-EEG monitoring using 24 channel recording. Thirty six epilepsy patients could be attributed to two groups: 28 patients had spontaneous seizures, and the other 8 patients whose seizures were induced by bemegride. Another 11 persons with confirmed psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) served as control group. Blood samples were obtained at five points: wake (08:00 a.m.), sleep (00:00 a.m.), and shortly before, during and after an epileptic seizure. The serum ACTH and cortisol were measured and analyzed by chemiluminescent immunoassay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of ACTH and cortisol in serum underwent significant changes: declining below the average sleep-level shortly before seizures, increasing during seizures, and far above the average wake-level after seizures (P < 0.001). Such changes did not occur in the control group (P > 0.05). The ACTH and cortisol levels had no significant difference between spontaneous group and bemegride-induced group (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The serum concentrations of ACTH and cortisol during sleep seizures are linked with pre-ictal and ictal EEG changes in epilepsy patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Action Potentials , Physiology , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Blood , Bemegride , Pharmacology , Biomarkers , Blood , Cerebral Cortex , Metabolism , Convulsants , Pharmacology , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy , Blood , Evoked Potentials , Physiology , Hydrocortisone , Blood , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Metabolism , Bodily Secretions , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Metabolism , Bodily Secretions , Sleep Wake Disorders , Blood , Up-Regulation , Physiology , Wakefulness , Physiology
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 941-943, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293669

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the high-yield and high-quality cultivating technology of Plantago asiatica, adapt to the demands of GAP.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The main factors which influenced the yield and quality in the production process of P. asiatica was studied.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The standard system cultivating technology of high yield and quality of P. asiatica was established.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The seeds of P. asiatica can reach the objective of high yield and high quality on the basis of this cultivating technology.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Fertilizers , Pest Control , Plant Diseases , Plantago , Plants, Medicinal , Quality Control , Seeds , Soil
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