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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753420

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate the basic situation of self-regulated learning among clinical medical undergraduates in the stage of professional courses and construct a structural model suitable for them to carry out self-regulated learning . Zimmerman's self-regulated learning concept framework was determined as the theoretical basis of this study. A questionnaire survey was performed to identify five main dimensions affecting self-regulated learning including expression of learning intention, self-efficacy, adjustment of learning behavior, management of curriculum strategies, and adaption of learning environment, and then, Amos 24.0 software was used to construct the structural model and draw the conclusion that self-regulated learning in this group centers on the regulation of learning behavior, with learning intention and self-efficacy as sub-centers.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700682

ABSTRACT

Integrated medical education, namely medical education under the concept of integration, is an important trend in the development of global medical education, and also an important task in the re-form of medical universities and colleges in China. The integrated medical education abroad originated from Europe and America, and developed relatively well. It started late in China and was limited to integration of some subjects. At present, the reform of integrated medical education in domestic colleges and universities is still facing the problems and challenges such as lag of teaching ideas, limited content of reform, insufficient teachers' ability, difficulty to change learning habits, deviations of learning purposes, lack of integrated learning, lack of system, poor mechanism, weak guarantee and so on. In the future, we should make efforts to teach, learn and manage, give full play to the leading role of "teaching", improve the main position of"learning", and constantly improve the guarantee function of "management".

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496529

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of penehyclidine hydrochloride(PHC)precon-ditioning on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI)in rats.Methods Fifty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 230-250 g,were randomly divided into three groups (n =18 each):sham op-eration group (group S),HIRI group (group HR)and penehyclidine hydrochloride group (group PHC).In group S,the hepatoduodenal ligaments of rats were only pulled and separated,then abdo-mens were closed.In group HR,an atraumatic vascular clip was placed on the vessels blocking the portal venous blood supply to the median and left lateral lobes of the liver for 45 minutes,which re-sulted in approximately 70% rat liver ischemia injury.In group PHC,the rats were treated with 0.45 mg/kg penehyclidine hydrochloride at 30 minutes before the portal venous and hepatic arterial were blocked like group HR.Animals were killed at 2 h (T1 ,n =6),4 h (T2 ,n =6),24 h (T3 ,n =6) after HIRI or sham surgery.Liver tissues and blood samples were taken for analysis.The serum con-centration of ALT and AST were measured as the markers of hepatic functional damage.The TNF-a and IL-1βconcentration were measured by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)tech-nique.The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS ) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) expression were measured by immunohistochemical staining.Results Compared with group S,the expressions of ALT,AST,TNF-αand IL-1βin groups HR and PHC increased at T1-T3 (P <0.05), which were similar to the change trend of HIR-1αand eNOS expressions (P <0.05).Compared with group HR,the expression of ALT,AST,TNF-αand IL-1βin group PHC decreased at T1-T3 (P <0.05).Nevertheless expression of HIF-1αand eNOS of groups HR and HPC were increased than that of group S,and experssion of HIF-1αand eNOS of group HPC were increased than that of group HR at T1 and T2 (P < 0.05 ).Conclusion PHC preconditioning can protect the liver from HIRI.The mechanism may be associated with the up-regulation of eNOS and HIF-1α,as well as reducing the in-flammatory response.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 495-498, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358984

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathologic features and differential diagnoses of non-involuting congenital hemangioma (NICH) in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical, morphologic and immunophenotypic characteristics of 22 cases of NICH were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean patients' age at diagnosis was 4.2 years, with a male to female ratio of 1.75:1. The tumors were located in the head and face (5 cases), neck (3 cases), body (6 cases), upper limbs (5 cases), and lower limbs (3 cases). Histologically, the tumor was dominated by rather large lobules of small vessels that were mostly rounded, curved, small and thin-walled, and were lined by endothelial cells surrounded by one or more layers of pericytes. The center of the lobules was occupied by one or more thin or thick walled vessels, which were surrounded by fibrous and fatty tissue, which contained abnormal arterial and venous structures. At the edge of the lobules there were lymphatic vessels. Immunohsitochemical study showed that tumor cells in NICH were positive for CD34 (22/22), CD31 (22/22), SMA (22/22), vimentin (22/22) and Glut1 (0/22). D2-40 expression was located at the edge of the capillary lobules.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NICH is a benign lesion. Clinically and pathologically, it needs to be differentiated from rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma, infantile hemangiomas, tufted angioma, vascular malformation, and others.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Child, Preschool , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Hemangioma, Capillary , Diagnosis , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464157

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss some expectation on reform of classroom teaching method for eight-year program medical education, in order to provide a basis for the evaluation and reform of classroom teaching method. Methods Investigation that mainly included expectation on reform of classroom teaching method, classroom teaching method of most expected application, and ex-pected value of classroom teaching method was investigated and analyzed with self-made question-naire, to total 78 medical students (22 of Grade 2008, 20 of Grade 2009, 20 of Grade 2010, 16 of Grade 2011) of eight-year program who had completed the stage before medical education in the uni-versity, and related 32 teachers. Software of SPSS 20.0 was used to make statistical analysis. Results In the survey, 55.8% students and 78.1% teachers hoped to reform the current classroom teaching methods (χ2=4.782,P=0.029). 61%students and 90.6% teachers expected comprehensive application of diverse method(χ2=15.464,P=0.017), including instruction combined with writing on blackboard, teaching by multimedia, PBL, inversion-type class, independent learning, a lot of questions for exami-nation, and so on. The value expectation (>60%) of classroom teaching method was multivariate, in-cluding to stimulate students' interest in learning, to cultivate ability of finding and solving problems, conducive to understanding of knowledge and memory, conducive to comprehension and memory of knowledge, conducive to cultivation of learning method, able to improve ability of creativity and criti-cal thinking, conducive to strengthening interaction and communication of teachers and students, to improve the subject consciousness of student in classroom, helpful to cultivate the spirit of teamwork, to improve the efficiency of teaching, and able to make full use of information technology. Conclusions For the diversified value demand and the highly expectation on reform of current classroom teaching method, more attention should be paid to evaluation and guidance on reform of classroom teaching method for eight-year program medical education.

6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1208-1210, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448196

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily screen the neoplastic stem cell (NSC) related surface markers combination and to under-stand the NSC distribution in hepatoblastoma(HB) .Methods The children cases of HB undergone the surgical therapy in the Jian-gxi Provincial Children′s Hospital were selected .The immunohistochemical method was adopted for observing the expression and distribution of NSC-related markers CD34 ,Thy-1 ,c-kit ,CD56 and stem cell factor(SCF) in the HB tissue and the normal hepatic tissue away from the edge of tumor tissue 3cm outside .Results Thy-1 and c-kit were sporadically distributed in the HB tissue and mainly focued on the portal area ,but did not exressed in the normal liver tissue ;the expression of CD34 and SCF in HB was signifi-cantly higher than that in the normal liver tissue(P0 .05) .Conclusion The different NSC related surface markers are distributed in the HB tissue and focus on the specific areas .The positive cells of Thy-1/c-kit expression may play a role in the HB occurrence .

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407968

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In recent years, epidemiological studies have found that the saturation of transferring or the increased level of serum ferritin are associated with the attacks of cancer, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, Parkinson disease, liver disease and the diseases of immune system. Therefore, it is suggested that the intake of excessive iron may cause adverse influence on the healthy of human body.OBJECTIVE: To establish high-iron model in mice by using full-rate diet pellets by adding regular quantitative intraperitoneal injection of iron dextran, and observe the iron levels in vivo and the changes of organ coefficients.DESIGN: A comparative observation.SETTING: Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health and Tropic Medicine, Southern Medical University.MATERIALS: The experiment was carried out in the laboratory of the Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health and Tropic Medicine, Southern Medical University in May 2006. Forty Kunming mice of SPF grade, 20 males and 20 females, weighing 18-22 g, were provided by the Animal Experimental Center of Southern Medical University. The mice were randomly divided into control group (n =10) and high-iron model group (n =30) by introperitoneal injection of saline and iron dextran respectively, and the latter group was subdivided into low, middle and high-dosage groups (6.25, 12.5 and 25 g/L) respectively, 10 mice in each group. Full-rate diet pellets (iron content was 370 mg/kg)were purchased from the Animal Experimental Center of Southern Medical University. Iron dextran reagent (norm: 2 mL containing 50 mg iron) was the product of Zhejiang Ruian Pharmaceutical Factory (certification number: H33021758).The kits of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and maldondialdehyde (MDA) were provided by the Nanjing Jiancheng Bioengineering Institute.METHODS: Mice in each group were raised in plastic stainless steel cages respectively at (23±3) ℃, and they were free to the access of food and deionized water. Mice in the low, middle and high-dosage group were treated with intraperitoneal injection of iron dextran once every other day, 0.8 mL for each time, whereas iron dextran was replaced by saline in the control group, all the mice were treated for 6 weeks, and their nutritionol conditions were observed. All the mice were killed at the end of the 6th week. The iron contents in organs of heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney, and serum were determined with atomic absorption spectrophotometer and automatic biochemical analyzer respectively; Pathohistological examination of organs were performed; The organ coefficients of liver and spleen were calculated; MDA content and SOD activity in serum were determined.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: General conditions of mice in each group; Iron contents in organs and iron concentration in serum; Organ coefficients of liver and spleen; MDA content and SOD activity in serum; Pathological changes.RESULTS: In the high-iron model group, the body figures of the mice were changed, body masses were obviously decreased. The iron contents in organs and serum of mice in the high-iron model group were all obviously increased as compared with those in the control group (t =5.841, P < 0.01), the organ coefficients of liver and spleen were also markedly increased (t =5.841, P < 0.01), which were all in a dosage-dependent manner. The MDA content in serum was obviously increased (t =5.841, P < 0.01) whereas the SOD activity was obviously decreased (t =12.924, P < 0.01) as compared with those in the control group. The pathohistological examination under light microscope showed that there were pathological damages of different degree occurred in the tissue and cells and cell degeneration was observed,which affected the normal physiological function of cells.CONCLUSION: High-iron mice models can be successfully established by the intraperitoneal injection of iron dextran.The storage of excessive iron in vivo will result in the organic damages.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408212

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the highest incidence nutritional-deficiency diseases all over the world; especially infants and children are the main group. IDA presently becomes one of the most important nutritional problems to be solved.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of chocolate carrier and orange juice on recovery of IDA model rats.DESIGN: Randomized controlled animal study.SETTING: Laboratory of Nutrient and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Southern Medical University.MATERIALS: The experiment was carried out in the Laboratory of Nutri ent and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health And Tropiacal Medicine, Southern Medical University from March to June 2006. A total of 60 healthy SD rats of clean grade were provided by Animal Center of Southern Medical University (certification: 2002-009 2005A047). METHODS: ① Establishment of IDA models: Among them, 20 rats of half genders were randomly selected toregard as control group, and other 40 were regarded as model group. Rats in control group were fed with rou tinefeed and drank freely. Rats in model group were fed with AOAC-modi fied low-dosage iron feeds to establish IDA models by blooding at caudal vein. Three weeks later, average concentration of ferrohemoglobin in model group was decreased to about 90 g/L, and this suggested that model estab lishment was successful. Ten rats of half genders in each group were ran domly sacrificed. Pre-experiment and 3 weeks of post-experiment, rats were weighed to measure concentration of ferrohemoglobin with hemoglobin cyanide (HiCN) technique, red blood cell count (RBC, direct method), serum iron (microparticle chemiluminescent immunoassa y and related kit) and concentration of serum transferrin receptor (STFR, ELISA method and related kit). ② Recovery test: Other 10 rats in control group were regarded as normal control group, and they were fed with routine feed and drank freely. The rest 30 rats of half genders in model group were randomly di vided into 3 subgroups: model control group, FeSO4 group and chocolate & orange juice group with 10 in each group. Rats in model control group were perfused with distilled water everyday; rats in FeSO4 group were per fused with FeSO4, and rats in chocolate & orange juice group were per fused with chocolate carrier and orange juice. The iron volume in the last two groups was 6 mg/(kg·d). At 40 days after intervention, the experiment was stopped. Concentration of ferrohemoglobin, RBC, serum iron, concentration of STFR and activity of plasma-protein aconitase were measured with atom-trapping atomic-absorption spectrophotometry; meanwhile, biological utilization rate of chocolate carrier & orange juice was calculated.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ① Contents of herrohemoglobin, RBC,serum iron and STFR before experiment and after modeling; ② contents of ferrohemoglobin, RBC, serum iron, STFR and activity of plasma-protein aconitase before recovery test and at 40 days after experiment; ③ Related biological utilization rate.RESULTS: All 60 rats were involved in the final analysis without any loss. ① Comparison of blood index after modelling: Content of ferrohemoglobin, RBC and content of serum iron were lower in model group than those in control group (P < 0.01), but content of STFR was higher than that in control group (P < 0.01). ② Comparison of blood index and activity of plasma-protein aconitase in liver before recovery test and at 40 days after experiment: At 40 days after intervention, concentration of ferrohemoglobin,RBC and content of serum iron were higher in FeSO4 group and chocolate & orange juice group than those in model control group (P< 0.01); however, content of STFR was lower than that in model control group (P < 0.01).At 40 days after intervention, activity of plasma-protein aconitase in FeSO4 group and chocolate & orange juice group was higher than those before recovery test (P < 0.01). ③ Related biological utilization rate of chocolate carrier plus orange juice: Biological utilization rate of FeSO4 was regarded as 100%, and biological utilization rate of chocolate carrier plus orange juice was increased remarkably (106.7%).CONCLUSION: Chocolate carrier plus orange juice can improve IDA function and wildly use on treating IDA because of its good absorption. It is characterized by well biological utilization rate and good taste; therefore,it is a hot topic for trophology and foods produce presently.

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