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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 115-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993986

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of Shuo Tong ureteroscopy(ST-URS) and flexible ureteroscope(FURS)combined with holmium laser lithotripsy in the treatment of upper ureteral calculi with CT numerical value ≥ 1000 HU.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of patients of upper ureteral calculi with CT numberical value≥1000 HU in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University was made from January 2018 to November 2020.There were 61 cases treated with ShuoTong ureteroscopy holmium laser lithotripsy (ST-URS group), including 45 males and 16 females, with 40 on the left and 21 on the right, age of(48.3±12.7) years, body mass index of(24.7±2.7)kg/m 2, the diameter of stone of(1.50±0.45)cm, and the CT numberical value of(1 288.8±179.0)(1 017-1 738)HU. There were 87 cases were treated with flexible ureteroscopy holmium laser lithotripsy (FURS group), including 58 males and 29 females, with 56 on the left and 31 on the right, age of(48.5±13.0) years, body mass index of(24.1±3.8)kg/m 2, the stone diameter of(1.45±0.40)cm, and the CT numberical value of(1 311.3±188.9)(1 009-1 817)HU. There were no significant differences in gender, age, body mass index, the location of stone, the diameter of stone and the CT numberical value of stone( P>0.05)between the two groups. For ST-URS group, a rigid ureteral channel sheath and standard mirror(F7.5/11.5)were placed under direct vision, exiting the standard mirror, leaving the channel sheath, inserting a lithotripsy mirror(F4.5/6.5)and a holmium laser[Power: 8-30 W(0.4-1.0 J/20-30 Hz)], and withdrawing the stone fragments after crushing the stone by "nibbling method" . For FURS group, a hard ureteroscope(F8/9.8)was used to explore the lesion side of the ureter, inserting a guide wire and placing a soft ureteral sheath, then inserting a flexible ureteroscope(F8)for holmium laser lithotripsy, and useing a stone basket to remove larger stone fragments. Ureteral stent was routinely indwelled after the operation. On the day 1 and 1 month after the operation, imaging examinations were performed to evaluate the stone-free rate. No residual stones or the diameter of stone was ≤0.4 cm and no urinary tract infection or any symptoms were defined as stone free. The operation time, blood loss, success rate of stage Ⅰ ureteral access sheath placement, incidence of postoperative complications, stone-free rate(SFR) at 1 day after operation, SFR at 1 month after operation, postoperative hospital stay and hospitalization costs were compared between the two groups. According to the size of calculi, the 2 groups were divided into 2 subgroups(≥1.5 cm and <1.5 cm)in order to make further analysis. The operation time, stone-free rate(SFR) at day 1 after operation and SFR at 1 month after operation were compared between the two groups. Results:The operation time of the ST-URS group was shorter than the FURS group(40.10 min vs. 49.43 min, P=0.020), and the incidence of postoperative complications was lower than the FURS group[3.28%(2/61)vs. 13.79%(12/87), P=0.031]. The SFR at day 1 after operation was significantly higher than the FURS group[60.7%(37/61)vs. 25.3%(22/87), P<0.01], and the hospitalization cost was lower than that of the FURS group(27 686 yuan vs. 32 281 yuan, P<0.010). There were no significant differences in the blood loss[(4.92±9.51)ml vs.(3.95±6.04)ml, P=0.452], success rate of stageⅠureteral access sheath placement[ 96.7%(59/61)vs. 96.6%(84/87), P=1.000], SFR at 1 month after operation[81.97%(50/61) vs. 75.86%(66/87), P=0.375] and postoperative hospital stay[(2.5±1.4)d vs.(2.4±0.8)d, P=0.543] between the two groups. When the size of calculi was ≥1.5cm, the operation time of the ST-URS group was shorter than the FURS group (43.67 min vs 55.00 min), the SFR at 1 day after operation was higher than the FURS group[40.00%(12/30)vs. 9.38%(3/32)], and the above differences are all statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with the FURS, for the treatment of upper ureteral calculi with CT numerical value ≥1000 HU, the ST-URS has shorter in operative time, lower in hospitalization cost and incidence of postoperative complications and higher SFR at day 1 after operation. The ST-URS is a safe and effective surgical technique, which is superior in the treatment of larger(≥1.5 cm) stones.

2.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 216-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986743

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSuicide is one of the serious public health problems worldwide. The relationship between suicide and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may vary in different regions and different age. It is necessary to further investigate the relationship between NLR and suicidal ideation in Chinese children and adolescents with depression. ObjectiveTo explore the correlation between NLR and suicidal ideation in children and adolescents with depression, so as to provide clues for exploring the biomarkers of suicide. MethodsA retrospective analysis of 536 children and adolescents with depression who were hospitalized in the Third People's Hospital of Fuyang from January 2020 to December 2022 and met the diagnostic criteria of the International Classification of Diseases, tenth edition (ICD-10) was performed. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether they reported suicidal ideation. Demographic data, discharge diagnosis, Hamilton Depression Scale-17 item (HAMD-17) score and hematological test data (neutrophil counts, lymphocyte counts) on the second day were collected from medical records. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off point of NLR for predicting suicidal ideation in children and adolescents with depression, and binary Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for suicidal ideation. ResultsAmong the 536 patients, 429 cases (80.04%) had no suicidal ideation, and 107 cases (19.96%) had suicidal ideation. Compared with patients without suicidal ideation, the HAMD-17 score [(25.28±8.86) vs. (21.21±8.46), F=19.400, P<0.01], neutrophil level [(3.85±1.68)×109/L vs. (3.15±1.14)×109/L, Z=4.073, P<0.01], and NLR level [(1.96±1.50) vs. (1.52±0.71), Z=3.532, P<0.01] in the suicidal ideation patients were significantly higher. The optimal critical NLR value determined by the ROC curve was 1.52 (59.80% sensitivity, 58.50% specificity), with an area under the curve of 0.610. Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of suicidal ideation was 1.94 times higher in those with high NLR than in the low NLR after controlling for age, sex, age at onset, duration of illness, and HAMD-17 score (OR=1.940, 95% CI: 1.251~3.009, P=0.003). ConclusionNLR may be a risk factor and potential biomarker influencing suicidal ideation in the children and adolescents with first-episode depression. [Funded by Scientific Research Project of Fuyang Municipal Health Commission (number, FY2020xg14)]

3.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 737-745, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781666

ABSTRACT

To explore the values of minimal apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC),difference between ratios of apparent diffusion coefficients(ADC),and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging(DCE-MRI)in the treatment of breast ductal carcinoma in situ with microinvasion(DCIS-Mi). Totally 27 patients with DCIS-Mi and 31 patients with breast ductal carcinoma in situ(DCIS)were collected in our hospital from October,2016 to June,2018.Philips Ingenia 3.0T superconducting magnetic resonance scanner and dedicated phase-controlled array surface coil were used for breast examinations.ADC and maximum apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC)were selected from multiple regions of interest(ROI)in the apparent diffusion coefficients(ADC)figure,and ADC was calculated.In addition,DCE-MRI characteristics were analyzed. The ADC of DCIS-Mi was significantly lower than that of DCIS[(1.15±0.03)×10 mm /s .(1.34±0.04)×10 mm /s,=-7.192,=0.002],the ADC was significantly higher than that of DCIS[(0.32±0.03)×10 mm /s .(0.18±0.08)×10 mm /s,=-10.228,<0.001],and the early enhancement rate of DCIS-Mi was higher than that of DCIS[159.71(157.82,162.49)% .147.29(143.59,160.22)%,=-3.578,=0.007].The background parenchymal enhancement of DCIS-Mi was moderate,severe,and non-lump-like,mainly segmental,and the internal enhancement was heterogeneous or clustered circular.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that non-internal characteristics of the mass,the edge of the mass,internal enhancement characteristics of the mass,time-intensity curve,early enhancement rate,ADC and ADC were the optimal variables for the diagnosis of DCIS-Mi,and the optimal variables were shown by receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve analysis:the area under curve,sensitivity and specificity of ADC,ADC,non-tumor internal enhancement,and tumor internal enhancement were higher,with the critical values being 1.12×10 mm /s,0.31×10 mm /s,1.50,and 1.50,respectively. DCE-MRI combined with ADC value(especially ADC,ADC,non-mass internal enhancement,and mass internal enhancement)is helpful in differentiating breast DCIS-Mi and DCIS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Diagnostic Imaging , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1226-1230, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658180

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a management system to promote early rehabilitation for work injured patients. Methods The 2015 hospitalized patients were set as control group (n=16,635), and the 2016 hospitalized patients were set as observation group (n=15,372). The control group was hospitalized for injury data collection surveys and was not implemented systematic rehabilitation propaganda, rehabilita-tion assessment and rehabilitation guidance. However, the observation group hospitalized after establishment of the Work Injuries Rehabilita-tion Investigation System and accepted work injuries rehabilitation intervention, such as rehabilitation propaganda, rehabilitation assessment and rehabilitation guidance. The changes of hand trauma rehabilitation indicators were compared between two groups. Results The rate of work injuries rehabilitation intervention was 80.6%in the observation group. In the observation group, the proportion of the patients who re-ceived early rehabilitation treatment in the designated hospital (56.8%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (17.0%) (χ2=2603.683, P<0.001);the proportion of injured patients who were admitted to the designated work injuries rehabilitation institutions (9.4%) was higher than that of the control group (4.3%) (χ2=285.906, P<0.001). The proportion of patients evaluated as disability in the observation group (17.4%) was significantly less than that of the control group (26.3%) (χ2=235.327, P<0.001). The disability score was significantly lower in the observation group (6.23±1.29) than in the control group (8.26±1.16) (t=68.371, P<0.001). Conclusion The Work Injuries Reha-bilitation Investigation System can promote the early rehabilitation for the hand trauma patients in the designated hospital for work injuries, improve the proportion of hand trauma patients to enter the designated work injuries rehabilitation institutions to receive rehabilitation treat-ment, reduce the proportion of disabled persons, and reduce the degree of disability, effectively promote the overall recovery of patients with hand trauma.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1226-1230, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660993

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a management system to promote early rehabilitation for work injured patients. Methods The 2015 hospitalized patients were set as control group (n=16,635), and the 2016 hospitalized patients were set as observation group (n=15,372). The control group was hospitalized for injury data collection surveys and was not implemented systematic rehabilitation propaganda, rehabilita-tion assessment and rehabilitation guidance. However, the observation group hospitalized after establishment of the Work Injuries Rehabilita-tion Investigation System and accepted work injuries rehabilitation intervention, such as rehabilitation propaganda, rehabilitation assessment and rehabilitation guidance. The changes of hand trauma rehabilitation indicators were compared between two groups. Results The rate of work injuries rehabilitation intervention was 80.6%in the observation group. In the observation group, the proportion of the patients who re-ceived early rehabilitation treatment in the designated hospital (56.8%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (17.0%) (χ2=2603.683, P<0.001);the proportion of injured patients who were admitted to the designated work injuries rehabilitation institutions (9.4%) was higher than that of the control group (4.3%) (χ2=285.906, P<0.001). The proportion of patients evaluated as disability in the observation group (17.4%) was significantly less than that of the control group (26.3%) (χ2=235.327, P<0.001). The disability score was significantly lower in the observation group (6.23±1.29) than in the control group (8.26±1.16) (t=68.371, P<0.001). Conclusion The Work Injuries Reha-bilitation Investigation System can promote the early rehabilitation for the hand trauma patients in the designated hospital for work injuries, improve the proportion of hand trauma patients to enter the designated work injuries rehabilitation institutions to receive rehabilitation treat-ment, reduce the proportion of disabled persons, and reduce the degree of disability, effectively promote the overall recovery of patients with hand trauma.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1326-1329, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667819

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of horticultural training based on healing garden as rehabilitation for post-operation of hand trauma.Methods From January,2015 to December,2016,78 patients with functional disorder after operation for hand trauma were random-ized into control group and observation group equally.All the patients accepted routine rehabilitation,while the observation group accepted horticultural training based on healing garden in addition,for 28 days.They were assessed with Total Active Movement(TAM),Disability of Arm Shoulder and Hand(DASH),and Upper Extremity Function Test(UEFT)before and after treatment.Results The scores of TAM, DASH and UEFT improved in both groups after treatment(t>10.632,P<0.001),and improved more in the observation group than in the con-trol group(t>2.269,P<0.05).Conclusion The horticultural training based on healing garden may promote the recovery of movement of fin-gers,function of hand and upper limbs in patients after hand trauma.

7.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 355-360, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728296

ABSTRACT

A simple, sensitive and reproducible high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been validated for determining concentrations of glutamate, glycine, and alanine in human plasma. Proteins in plasma were precipitated with perchloric acid, followed by derivatization with 6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate (AQC). Simultaneous analysis of glutamate, glycine, and alanine is achieved using reversed-phase HPLC conditions and ultraviolet detection. Excellent linearity was observed for these three amino acids over their concentration ranges with correlation coefficients (r)>0.999. The intra- and inter-day precision were below 10%. This method utilizes quality control samples and demonstrates excellent plasma recovery and accuracy. The developed method has been successfully applied to measure plasma glutamate, glycine, and alanine in twenty volunteers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alanine , Amino Acids , Aminoquinolines , Carbamates , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Glutamic Acid , Glycine , Perchlorates , Plasma , Proteins , Quality Control
8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 923-925, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305762

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To validate the therapeutic efficacy of paroxetine in the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty PE patients up to the inclusion criteria were equally randomized to an experimental and a control group. We observed all the patients for 4 weeks and recorded the baseline data on intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) and sexual satisfaction scores, followed by oral medication of paroxetine at 20 mg/d for the patients in the experimental group and placebo for the controls. Thirty days after the treatment, we again recorded IELT and sexual satisfaction scores of the patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After the treatment, the experimental group showed significantly prolonged IELT ([5.75 +/- 1.24] min) and increased sexual satisfaction score (6.4 +/- 1.2) as compared with the baseline data ([0.89 +/- 0.21] min and [2.7 +/- 0.9]) (P < 0.01). The control group exhibited no significant differences before and after the medication either in the mean IELT or in sexual satisfaction scores ([1.06 +/- 0.28] min vs [0.97 +/- 0.18] min and 3.6 +/- 1.3 vs 3.1 +/- 1.1, P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Oral medication of paroxetine at 20 mg/d for 30 days could improve IELT and sexual satisfaction in PE patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Ejaculation , Paroxetine , Therapeutic Uses , Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-584835

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical significance of nephroscopic surgery for simple renal cysts. Methods A 2~4 cm incision was made below the 12th costal interspace. Through the incision the nephroscopic decortication was performed in 26 patients with simple renal cyst. Results The operation time was 20~80 min (mean, 30 min) and the postoperative hospital stay, 3~)6 days (mean, 4 days). No blood transfusion was required and no severe complications were noted. Follow-up observations for 3~)12 months (mean, 8 months) in the 26 patients found no recurrence. Conclusions Mini-incision nephroscopic decortication for renal cysts is feasible and mini-invasive, with advantages of simplicity of performance and quick postoperative recovery.

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