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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 849-854, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876515

ABSTRACT

The permeation and pharmacodynamics of ocular drugs are influenced by the corneal barrier. Here, a hard-soluble drug, brinzolamide, was selected as the model drug and used for preparation of minimally invasive dissolving microneedles. Brinzolamide was dissolved in ethanol and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) K90 was added and dissolved. The mixture solution was casted into the dissolving microneedles mold and dried and brinzolamide dissolving microneedles (BMN) were obtained after demolding. The stereoscopic and scanning electron microscopic images showed that BMN were conical needles with the height of 750 μm, the bottom diameter of 300 μm, and the inter-tip distance of 500 μm. The dissolving microneedles patch was composed of 10×10 arrays with the area of 1 cm2 and the high drug load of 7.3 mg·cm-2. BMN showed a rapid in vitro drug release with 93% accumulative release at 2 h and the high drug corneal permeation amount of 877 ± 105 μg. BMN exhibited the high mechanical strength of 0.32 N/needle, leading to easy rat corneal insertion with the depth of 200 μm. Moreover, BMN were rapidly dissolved in the cornea, and more importantly, the damaged cornea were quickly self-healed within 24 h. Animal experiments were approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Academy of Military Medical and the experiments were conducted in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations. Ocular minimally invasive dissolving microneedles have the advantages of corneal minimal wounds and rapid healing, high drug loading, and high permeability, favoring the treatment of ocular diseases.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 944-953, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878119

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has rapidly spread throughout the world. In this study, we aimed to identify the risk factors for severe COVID-19 to improve treatment guidelines.@*METHODS@#A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted on 313 patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Patients were classified into two groups based on disease severity (nonsevere and severe) according to initial clinical presentation. Laboratory test results and epidemiological and clinical characteristics were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to detect potential risk factors associated with severe COVID-19.@*RESULTS@#A total of 289 patients (197 nonsevere and 92 severe cases) with a median age of 45.0 (33.0, 61.0) years were included in this study, and 53.3% (154/289) were male. Fever (192/286, 67.1%) and cough (170/289, 58.8%) were commonly observed, followed by sore throat (49/289, 17.0%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that patients who were aged ≥ 65 years (OR: 2.725, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.317-5.636; P = 0.007), were male (OR: 1.878, 95% CI: 1.002-3.520, P = 0.049), had comorbid diabetes (OR: 3.314, 95% CI: 1.126-9.758, P = 0.030), cough (OR: 3.427, 95% CI: 1.752-6.706, P < 0.001), and/or diarrhea (OR: 2.629, 95% CI: 1.109-6.231, P = 0.028) on admission had a higher risk of severe disease. Moreover, stratification analysis indicated that male patients with diabetes were more likely to have severe COVID-19 (71.4% vs. 28.6%, χ2 = 8.183, P = 0.004).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The clinical characteristics of those with severe and nonsevere COVID-19 were significantly different. The elderly, male patients with COVID-19, diabetes, and presenting with cough and/or diarrhea on admission may require close monitoring to prevent deterioration.


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/pathology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Cough , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diarrhea , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883565

ABSTRACT

Objective:At present, the postgraduate education of emergency medicine in China mainly relies on the internal medicine system and lacks specialty pertinence. The purpose of this study is to establish a compulsory curriculum system for professional postgraduates of emergency medicine.Methods:Modified Delphi method was used to subscribe questionnaires to experts, and the contents were mainly about medical education management and research of emergency in the affiliated teaching hospitals of Peking University. Microsoft Excel 2016 was used for double entry of questionnaire contents, and SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistics.Results:The panel was consisted of 14 experts in total and two rounds of Delphi questionnaires were completed. The response rate of the two rounds were both 100%. The authority coefficient of experts was > 0.9 and the average score of each evaluation index was 4.07-5.00 points. The coefficient of variation of each index was 0-0.22 and the Kendall coefficient of concordance was 0.07-0.10.Conclusion:As a result, a comprehensive emergency professional postgraduate curriculum system has been established.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882701

ABSTRACT

With the development of various laboratory testing techniques such as serum calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) , a large number of asymptomatic or normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) can be diagnosed early. PHPT has become the third most common endocrine disease affecting human health. Currently, most PHPT, especially normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism, are not primary diseases and may be related to vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency and/or insufficient calcium supplementation. That is, the relative hypocalcemia caused by long-term vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency and/or insufficient calcium supplementation leads to parathyroid hyperfunction, stimulates parathyroid hyperplasia, and secretes excessive parathyroid hormone to compensate for the regulation of calcium and phosphorus balance. When it is in the initial reversible stage, it can be cured by internal medicine; if it progresses freely, long-term hypocalcemia stimulation will lead to excessive parathyroid hyperplasia and even tumor occurrence with the formation of so-called PHPT and parathyroidectomy has to be performed. Therefore, routine screening of bone mineral density, calcium, magnesium, phosphours, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, parathyroid hormone and other bone metabolism indicators in the physical examination of general population is beneficial to the prevention and treatment of bone metabolism diseases, urinary stones and hyperparathyroidism. At the same time, attention should be paid to identifying the stage of prehyperparathyroidism in which vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency and insufficient calcium supplementation will stimulate parathyroid hyperfunction. Active intervention on prehyperparathyroidism is an effective way to avoid the development of primary hyperparathyroidism.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880450

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the current situation of artificial intelligence production enterprise quality management system, so as to provide reference basis for the research and standardization of Artificial Intelligence Medical Device (AIMD) product quality management.@*METHODS@#Based on YY/T 0287-2017 Medical Device Quality Management System for Regulatory Requirements, Medical Equipment Production and the Quality Control Standard for Independent Software Appendix and Xavier GMLP report, the relevant factors were screened and the questionnaire was designed by combining expert consultation and literature review. Then, a total of 32 representative AIMD enterprises were invited to fill in the questionnaire. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed on the data results using Excel 2016.@*RESULTS@#Through in-depth analysis of the four themes in product planning and design, result output, product quality control and product change, it was found that it was necessary for enterprises participating in the survey to improve the quality management system of AIMD products to different degrees.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study is the first time to systematically investigate the status quo of quality management of AIMD enterprises. The result will be useful for the establishment and continuous improvement of product quality management system. It will also provide a reference for the research of AIMD product quality management and the establishment of the standard.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Quality Control , Reference Standards , Software
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880078

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of continuous intravenous infusion of 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) combined with high-dose cytarabine (Ara-C) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (CLAG regiem) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Fifteen patients with refractory/relapsed AML hospitalized in 5 medical units such as Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University and received one course of CLAG regimen from June 2014 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively (specifically: cladribine 5 mg/M@*RESULTS@#Among the 15 patients with refractory/relapsed AML, 9 males and 6 females, the median age was 35 (13-63) years old. FAB classification: 1 case of M@*CONCLUSION@#The CLAG regimen consisting of continuous intravenous infusion of cladribine shows high CR in the treatment of AML patients, but the duration of CR is short, myelosuppression is sever, so that infection control is the key. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation should be performed as soon as possible after CR.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Female , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Humans , Infusions, Intravenous , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish quantitative surface plasmon resonance (SPR) assay for antibodies against human platelet antigen-1a (HPA-1a).@*METHODS@#Recombinant protein was fixed on the chip surface by amino coupling method. SPR assay was used to detect the standard antibodies against HPA-1a at different conceatration. The optimal experimental parameters were determined, and standard curves were constructed with linear regression. Moreover, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and precision of the assay were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The quantitative SPR assay for HPA-1a antibodies was established. The determination ranges were 0-20 IU, with accuracy (recovery rate) was 97.75%-103.08%. The intra-assay precision [coefficients of variation (CV)] was 3.53%-4.29%, and the inter-assay precision (CV) was 2.08%-4.40%. For specificity test, several kinds of monoclonal and human antibodies against platelet membrane protein were tested and no positive result was observed.@*CONCLUSION@#The established quantitative SPR assay for HPA-1a antibodies shows good sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and precision, and this rapid and simple method provides a new reference method for scientific research and clinical antibody detection.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Human Platelet , Blood Platelets , Humans , Isoantibodies , Surface Plasmon Resonance
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879950

ABSTRACT

:To predict the epidemiological trend of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by mathematical modeling based on the population mobility and the epidemic prevention and control measures. : As of February 8,2020,the information of 151 confirmed cases in Yueqing,Zhejiang province were obtained,including patients' infection process,population mobility between Yueqing and Wuhan,etc. To simulate and predict the development trend of COVID-19 in Yueqing, the study established two-stage mathematical models,integrating the population mobility data with the date of symptom appearance of confirmed cases and the transmission dynamics of imported and local cases. : It was found that in the early stage of the pandemic,the number of daily imported cases from Wuhan (using the date of symptom appearance) was positively associated with the number of population travelling from Wuhan to Yueqing on the same day and 6 and 9 days before that. The study predicted that the final outbreak size in Yueqing would be 170 according to the number of imported cases estimated by consulting the population number travelling from Wuhan to Yueqing and the susceptible-exposed-infectious-recovered (SEIR) model; while the number would be 165 if using the reported daily number of imported cases. These estimates were close to the 170,the actual monitoring number of cases in Yueqing as of April 27,2020. : The two-stage modeling approach used in this study can accurately predict COVID-19 epidemiological trend.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , Models, Theoretical , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879948

ABSTRACT

:To evaluate the impact of socioeconomic status,population mobility,prevention and control measures on the early-stage coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) development in major cities of China. : The rate of daily new confirmed COVID-19 cases in the 51 cities with the largest number of cumulative confirmed cases as of February 19,2020 (except those in Hubei province) were collected and analyzed using the time series cluster analysis. It was then assessed according to three aspects,that is, socioeconomic status,population mobility,and control measures for the pandemic. : According to the analysis on the 51 cities,4 development patterns of COVID-19 were obtained,including a high-incidence pattern (in Xinyu),a late high-incidence pattern (in Ganzi),a moderate incidence pattern (in Wenzhou and other 12 cities),and a low and stable incidence pattern (in Hangzhou and other 35 cities). Cities with different types and within the same type both had different scores on the three aspects. : There were relatively large difference on the COVID-19 development among different cities in China,possibly affected by socioeconomic status,population mobility and prevention and control measures that were taken. Therefore,a timely public health emergency response and travel restriction measures inside the city can interfere the development of the pandemic. Population flow from high risk area can largely affect the number of cumulative confirmed cases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cities , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Social Class
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879943

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to quantitatively assess the effectiveness of the Wuhan lockdown measure on controlling the spread of coronavirus diesase 2019 (COVID-19). : Firstly,estimate the daily new infection rate in Wuhan before January 23,2020 when the city went into lockdown by consulting the data of Wuhan population mobility and the number of cases imported from Wuhan in 217 cities of Mainland China. Then estimate what the daily new infection rate would have been in Wuhan from January 24 to January 30th if the lockdown measure had been delayed for 7 days,assuming that the daily new infection in Wuhan after January 23 increased in a high,moderate and low trend respectively (using exponential, linear and logarithm growth models). Based on that,calculate the number of infection cases imported from Wuhan during this period. Finally,predict the possible impact of 7-day delayed lockdown in Wuhan on the epidemic situation in China using the susceptible-exposed-infectious-removed (SEIR) model. : The daily new infection rate in Wuhan was estimated to be 0.021%,0.026%,0.029%,0.033% and 0.070% respectively from January 19 to January 23. And there were at least 20 066 infection cases in Wuhan by January 23,2020. If Wuhan lockdown measure had been delayed for 7 days,the daily new infection rate on January 30 would have been 0.335% in the exponential growth model,0.129% in the linear growth model,and 0.070% in the logarithm growth model. Correspondingly,there would have been 32 075,24 819 and 20 334 infection cases travelling from Wuhan to other areas of Mainland China,and the number of cumulative confirmed cases as of March 19 in Mainland China would have been 3.3-3.9 times of the officially reported number. Conclusions: Timely taking city-level lockdown measure in Wuhan in the early stage of COVID-19 outbreak is essential in containing the spread of the disease in China.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cities , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834461

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to identify proteins related to paclitaxel and carboplatin chemoresistance in cervical cancer. @*Methods@#Quantitative proteomic analysis was performed on normal SiHa cells and those treated with paclitaxel and carboplatin for 14 days, with isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) analysis. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were used to identify related processes and differentially expressed proteins. @*Results@#A total of 67 and 96 differentially expressed proteins were identified in the paclitaxel- and carboplatin- treated groups, respectively. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses identified 53 (43 upregulated and 10 downregulated) and 85 differentially expressed proteins (70 upregulated and 15 downregulated) in the paclitaxel- and carboplatin-treated groups, respectively. The cell counting kit-8 results revealed that APOA1 was overexpressed in both the paclitaxel- and carboplatin- resistant SiHa cells compared with the control cells. Immunohistochemistry showed that APOA1 was highly expressed in the paclitaxel- and carboplatin- resistant squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. @*Conclusion@#This study is the first to use iTRAQ to identify paclitaxel- and carboplatin- resistance proteins in cervical cells. We identified several proteins previously unassociated with paclitaxel and carboplatin resistance in cervical cancer, thereby expanding our understanding of paclitaxel and carboplatin resistance mechanisms. Moreover, these findings indicate that the APOA1 protein could serve as a potential marker for monitoring and predicting paclitaxel and carboplatin resistance levels.

13.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832039

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Valproic acid (VPA) is an anticonvulsant and commonly long term used as a mood stabilizer for patients with mood disorders. However its chronic effects on the hematological changes were noticed and need to be further evaluated. In this study, we evaluated, in Taiwanese Han Chinese patients with bipolar disorders (BD), the chronic effects of VPA or VPA plus dextromethorphan (DM) on the hematological molecules (white blood cell [WBCs], red blood cells [RBCs], hemoglobin, hematocrit, and platelets). @*Methods@#In a 12-week, randomized, double-blind study, we randomly assigned BD patients to one of three groups: VPA plus either placebo (VPA+P, n = 57) or DM (30 mg/day, VPA+DM30, n = 56) or 60 mg/day (VPA+DM60, n = 53). The Young Mania Rating Scale and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale were used to evaluate symptom severity, and the hematological molecules were checked. @*Results@#Paired t test showed that the WBC, neutrophils, platelets and RBCs were significantly lowered after 12 weeks of VPA+P or VPA+DM30 treatment. VPA+DM60 represented the protective effects in the WBCs, neutrophils, and RBCs but not in the platelets. We further calculated the changes of each hematological molecules after 12 weeks treatment. We found that combination use of DM60 significantly improved the decline in neutrophils induced by the long-term VPA treatment. @*Conclusion@#Hematological molecule levels were lower after long-term treatment with VPA. VPA+DM60, which yielded the protective effect in hematological change, especially in the neutrophil counts. Thus, DM might be adjunct therapy for maintaining hematological molecules in VPA treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 37-41, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798789

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the characteristics of MRI signals in different therapeutic effect of desmoid-type fibromatosis (DF).@*Methods@#One hundred and twenty-four DF patients with pathologically proven postoperative recurrent lesions from Peking University Cancer Hospital from 2008 to 2015 were enrolled in the study. All patients had baseline MRI scans, followed by once MRI scan at least every six months, and the follow-up period was three years. All patients had MRI images at the end of the third year. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) criteria, and the patients were divided into three groups: progressive disease (PD), stable disease (SD) and partial response (PR). Differences in features in the PD, SD, and PR groups were compared using one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis, or Chi-square test. Multiple comparisons were performed using Bonferroni to correct P values. The spearman correlation coefficient was used to test the correlation between signal score and tumor maximum diameter.@*Results@#Among the 124 patients, 17 experienced PD, 37 exhibited SD and 70 exhibited PR. There were no significant differences in age, gender distribution and the location of lesion among three groups (P>0.05). The difference of treatment strategies was statistically significant (P<0.05). The difference of tumor maximum diameter of baseline and the last follow-up MRI scan was also statistically significant between three groups (P<0.05). There was no significant differences in T2 scores and enhancement scores of baseline MRI scan among the PD, SD, and PR groups (P>0.05). At the last follow-up MRI scan, the T2 signal scores, the changes of T2 signal, the scores of enhancement and the changes of enhancement of the PD, SD, and PR groups were significantly different among three groups (P<0.05). At the last follow-up MRI scan, the tumor maximum diameter was positively correlated with the score of T2 signal (r=0.434, P<0.01), and the tumor maximum diameter was positively correlated with the score of enhancement (r=0.743, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#MRI has great value in evaluating the therapeutic effect of DF.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798761

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemic characteristics of enterovirus infection in Yueqing city from 2010 to 2018, and to provide reference for the prevention and control of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by enterovirus.@*Methods@#Clinical data of HFMD cases caused by enterovirus infection during 2010 to 2018 were derived from the disease monitoring information report management system of Yueqing city. Descriptive epidemiological study was performed to analyze the characteristics of enterovirus infection by season, age, gender and region and the features of pathogens.@*Results@#There were 53 178 patients with HFMD in total, including 75 severe cases and six deaths. Enterovirus infection occurred in every month of the years and peaked from April to July. Most of the cases were scattered children and nursery children under five years old and the incidence was higher in males than in females. From 2010 to 2018, the characteristics of enterovirus in Yueqing city had changed significantly. Enterovirus 71 (EV71) was the predominant pathogen during 2010 to 2014, but its detection rate had gradually decreased since 2013. In recent years, the incidence of HFMD caused by non-EV71 and non-coxsackievirus A16 (non-CVA16) enteroviruses significantly increased.@*Conclusions@#Enterovirus infection in Yueqing city was featured by significant seasonality and population-specific variation. Etiological detection should be strengthened. Comprehensive prevention and control measures should be taken to prevent the outbreak of HFMD during April to July.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798760

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemic characteristics of enterovirus infection in Yueqing city from 2010 to 2018, and to provide reference for the prevention and control of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by enterovirus.@*Methods@#Clinical data of HFMD cases caused by enterovirus infection during 2010 to 2018 were derived from the disease monitoring information report management system of Yueqing city. Descriptive epidemiological study was performed to analyze the characteristics of enterovirus infection by season, age, gender and region and the features of pathogens.@*Results@#There were 53 178 patients with HFMD in total, including 75 severe cases and six deaths. Enterovirus infection occurred in every month of the years and peaked from April to July. Most of the cases were scattered children and nursery children under five years old and the incidence was higher in males than in females. From 2010 to 2018, the characteristics of enterovirus in Yueqing city had changed significantly. Enterovirus 71 (EV71) was the predominant pathogen during 2010 to 2014, but its detection rate had gradually decreased since 2013. In recent years, the incidence of HFMD caused by non-EV71 and non-coxsackievirus A16 (non-CVA16) enteroviruses significantly increased.@*Conclusions@#Enterovirus infection in Yueqing city was featured by significant seasonality and population-specific variation. Etiological detection should be strengthened. Comprehensive prevention and control measures should be taken to prevent the outbreak of HFMD during April to July.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793031

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of fast-twisting long-retaining (FTLR) acupuncture therapy on apoptosis of vestibular nucleus and expression of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax in rats with vertigo induced by posterior circulation ischemia.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 healthy SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a medication group, a regular acupuncture group and a FTLR acupuncture group, 14 rats in each group. The rats in the model group, medication group, regular acupuncture group and FTLR acupuncture group were intervented with surgical ligation of the right common carotid artery (CCA) and the right subclavian artery (SCA) to establish the model of vertigo induced by posterior circulation ischemia; in the sham operation group, the right CCA and the right SCA were separated without ligation. The rats in the medication group were treated with gavage of flunarizine hydrochloride suspension (10 mL/kg). "Baihui" (GV 20), "Shuaigu" (GB 8) and "Fengchi" (GB 20) were selected in the two acupuncture groups. The rats in the regular acupuncture group were treated with routine acupuncture and the needles were retained for 30 min, while the rats in the FTLR acupuncture group were treated with quick twist (200-300 times/min) for 1 min and the needles were retained for 60 min. The rats in the sham operation group and the model group received no intervention. All the intervention was provided once a day for 10 days. The decline rate of local blood flow in vestibular nucleus was observed; the apoptosis of vestibular nucleus was observed by TUNEL method; the expression of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax proteins were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham operation group, the decline rate of local blood flow in the right vestibular nucleus was significantly increased in the model group (<0.01), and the apoptosis index (AI) of vestibular nucleus was significantly increased (<0.01). Compared with the model group, the decline rates of local blood flow in the right vestibular nucleus in the two acupuncture groups and medication group were significantly reduced (<0.01), and the AIs of vestibular nucleus cells were significantly reduced (<0.01). The decline rate of local blood flow in the right vestibular nucleus in the FTLR acupuncture group was lower than those in the medication group and the regular acupuncture group (<0.01, <0.05), and the AI of vestibular nucleus was lower than those in the regular acupuncture group and the medication group (<0.05). Compared with the sham operation group, the expression of Bcl-2 in the vestibular nucleus was significantly decreased in the model group (<0.01), and the expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were significantly increased (<0.01). Compared with the model group, the expressions of Bcl-2 in the vestibular nucleus were significantly increased in the two acupuncture groups and medication group (<0.01), and the expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were significantly reduced (<0.01). The expression of Bcl-2 in the vestibular nucleus in the FTLR acupuncture group was higher than those in the regular acupuncture group and the medication group (<0.05), and the expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were lower than those in the regular acupuncture group and the medication group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The FTLR acupuncture therapy could effectively inhibit the apoptosis of vestibular nucleus in rats with vertigo induced by posterior circulation ischemia, and its mechanism may be related to improving the blood supply of vestibular nucleus and regulating the expressions of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax proteins.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817636

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To explore miRNA-138 protecting cardiomyocyte apoptosis of neonatal rats by inhibiting JNK/ p38 MAPK pathway.【Methods】Thirty-three whole blood samples from patients with acute myocardial ischemia during the period from January 2018 to December 2018 were collected. Thirty- three whole blood samples from healthy people who underwent physical examination in the same period were enrolled as controls. Ischemia/reperfusion(I/R)models of neonatal rats were established. Forty neonatal rats were randomly divided into blank control group(Control),model group(I/R model),negative control group(injected with unordered sequence)and miRNA-138 overexpression group(Ad-miRNA-138),with 10 cases in each group. The expression of miRNA- 138,Bcl2 and Bax mRNA in whole blood and myocardial tissues was detected by qRT-PCR. The levels of rat hemodynamic indexes were detected by electrophysiological recorder. The pathological damages of myocardial tissues were observed by HE staining. The expression of Caspase- 3 in myocardial tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry. The apoptosis of myocardial cells was observed by TUNEL staining. The content of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in myocardial tissues was detected by ELISA. The expression of JNK/p38 MAPK pathway protein was detected by Western blotting. 【Results】 Compared with healthy control,the level of whole blood miRNA- 138 was significantly decreased in patients with acute myocardial ischemia(P<0.05). Compared with I/R model group,cardiomyocyte gap in Ad-miRNA-138 group was smaller,its arrangement was more uniform,and its structure was more complete. The miRNA- 138 expression,levels of cardiac function indexes such as +dp/dtmax,HR,LVSP and Bcl2/Bax were significantly increased,while number of apoptosis cells,rate of Caspase-3 positive-expression cells, ROS,p-p38/p38,Pc-jun/c-jun and p-JNK1/2/JNK1/2 were significantly down-regulated(P<0.05).【Conclusion】MiRNA- 138 can inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis of rats,and reduce ROS damage by inhibiting JNK/p38 MAPK pathway, thus protecting cardiomyocytes of neonatal rats.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829584

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Toxocara infections among pregnant women in Hangzhou City, so as to provide baseline data for decreasing birth defects and improving the population quality. Methods A total of 235 pregnant women receiving prenatal diagnosis at the First People’s Hospital of Yuhang District during the period between February 2018 through December 2019 were recruited as the observation group, and 235 age-matched, non-pregnant healthy women at the same hospital during the same period served as the control group. The subjects’medical records were captured from the hospital management information system. Blood samples were collected from the observation and control groups and detected for the presence of IgG antibodies against T. gondii and Toxocara using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The seroprevalence of the IgG antibodies against T. gondii and Toxocara was compared between the observation and control groups. Results The subjects in the observation group had a mean age of 26.5 ± 4.3 years (range, 23 to 31 years), and gestational ages of 10 to 27 weeks, and the subjects in the control group had a mean age of 26.1 ± 5.7 years (range, 20 to 30 years). The seroprevalence rates of IgG antibodies against T. gondii (28.51% vs. 4.68%; χ2 = 34.85, P < 0.01) and Toxocara (24.26% vs. 5.11%; χ2 = 25.77, P < 0.01) were both significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group, and the seroprevalence of T. gondii and Toxocara co-infections was also significantly greater in the observation group than in the control group (13.19% vs. 2.13%; χ2 = 17.49, P < 0.01). Conclusions The seroprevalence rates of T. gondii and Toxocara infections and their co-infections are all high among pregnant women in Hangzhou City. Screening of T. gondii and Toxocara infections is strongly recommended during pregnancy.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828573

ABSTRACT

Objective Hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) is invariably fatal without surgical resection. The primary aim of the current study was to determine the safety of variable surgical resections for patient with HC and their survival after surgical resection. In addition, prognostic factor for the overall survival was also evaluated. Methods The study included 59 consecutive patients who were newly diagnosed with HC and underwent surgical resections with curative intend between February 2009 and February 2017. Patients were followed up at 3-6 months intervals after hospital discharge. Postoperative complications and overall survival were determined. Associations of clinicopathologic and surgeon-related factors with overall survival were evaluated through univariate analysis and Cox regression analysis. Results Of patients with Bismuth and Corlette (B & C) type Ⅲ (=19) and Ⅳ (=25) HC lesions, 33 (55.9%) were treated with hilar resection combined with major liver resection (MLR), while the other 11 patients with type Ⅲ and Ⅳ, and those with type Ⅰ (=8) and Ⅱ (=7) HC lesions were treated with hilar resection. The overall surgical mortality was 5.1% and surgical morbidity was 35.6%. There was no statistical difference in the mortality between MLR group and hilar resection group (6.1% 3.8%; =0.703, =0.145). The median follow-up period was 18 months (range, 1-94 months). The 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rate was 59.3%, 36.5%, and 17.7%, respectively. The overall survival after resections was 18 months. In HC patients with B & C type Ⅲ and Ⅳ lesions, the median survival was 23 months for hilar resection with MLR and 8 months for hilar resection alone; the 1-, 3-, 5-year cumulative survival rate was 63.9%, 23.3%, and 15.5%, respectively for hilar resection with MLR, and 11.1%, 0, and 0, respectively for hilar resection alone, with significant differene observed (, 9.902; 95% , 2.636-19.571, =0.001). Four factors were independently associated with overall survival: preoperative serum Ca19-9 (, 7.039; 95% , 2.803-17.678, <0.001), histopathologic grade (, 4.964; 95% , 1.046-23.552, =0.044), surgical margins (=0.031), and AJCC staging (=0.015). Conclusions R0 resection is efficacious in surgical treatment of HC. MLR in combination with caudate lobe resection may increase the chance of R0 resection and improve survival of HC patients with B & C type Ⅲ and Ⅳ lesions. Preoperatively prepared for biliary drainage may ensure the safety of MLR in most HC patients. Novel adjuvant therapies are needed to improve the survival of HC patients with poor prognostic factors.

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