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1.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 598-603, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953836

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of Blastocystis hominis infection among children with diarrhea under five years of age in Guangzhou City. Methods Children with diarrhea under 5 years of age admitted to Guangzhou Children’s hospital, Guangzhou Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital and Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center during the period between January 1 and December 31, 2020, were enrolled. Participants’ demographics, living environments and health status were collected using questionnaire surveys. Stool samples were collected from participants and nucleic acid was extracted. B. hominis infection was identified using PCR assay and sequence alignment, and the factors affecting B. hominis infection among children with diarrhea under 5 years of age were identified using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 684 children with diarrhea under 5 years of age were enrolled, including 468 male children and 216 female children, with a mean age of (1.79 ± 1.12) years. The overall prevalence of B. hominis infection was 4.97% [34/684, 95% confidential interval (CI): (3.59%, 6.86%)] among participants, and there was no significant difference in the prevalence of B. hominis infection between children with chronic [7.52% (20/266), 95% CI: (4.92%, 11.33%)] and acute diarrhea [3.35% (14/418), 95% CI: (2.01%, 5.54%)] (χ2 = 5.983, P = 0.014). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified keeping pet [odds ratio (OR) = 6.298, 95% CI: (2.711, 14.633)], drinking non-tap water [OR = 4.522, 95% CI: (1.769, 11.561)], lactose intolerance [OR = 4.221, 95% CI: (1.043, 17.087)], antibiotic use [OR = 0.125, 95% CI: (0.017, 0.944)] and chronic diarrhea [OR = 2.172, 95% CI: (1.018, 4.637)] as factors affecting B. hominis infection among children with diarrhea under 5 years of age in Guangzhou City. Conclusions B. hominis infections is detected in children with diarrhea under five years of age in Guangzhou City. Improving home environments and pet-keeping hygiene is recommended to reduce the likelihood of B. hominis infection among children.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2459-2467, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007556

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We have recently developed a new Coronary Artery Tree description and Lesion EvaluaTion (CatLet) angiographic scoring system. Our preliminary studies have demonstrated its superiority over the the Synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score with respect to outcome predictions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. The current study hypothesized that the residual CatLet (rCatLet) score predicts clinical outcomes for AMI patients and that a combination with the three clinical variables (CVs)-age, creatinine, and ejection fraction, will enhance its predicting values.@*METHODS@#The rCatLet score was calculated retrospectively in 308 consecutively enrolled patients with AMI. Primary endpoint, major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE) including all-cause mortality, non-fatal AMI, transient ischemic attack/stroke, and ischemia-driven repeat revascularization, was stratified according to rCatLet score tertiles: rCatLet_low ≤3, rCatLet_mid 4-11, and rCatLet_top ≥12, respectively. Cross-validation confirmed a reasonably good agreement between the observed and predicted risks.@*RESULTS@#Of 308 patients analyzed, the rates of MACCE, all-cause death, and cardiac death were 20.8%, 18.2%, and 15.3%, respectively. Kaplan-Meier curves for all endpoints showed increasing outcome events with the increasing tertiles of the rCatLet score, with P values <0.001 on trend test. For MACCE, all-cause death, and cardiac death, the area under the curves (AUCs) of the rCatLet score were 0.70 (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.63-0.78), 0.69 (95% CI: 0.61-0.77), and 0.71 (95% CI: 0.63-0.79), respectively; the AUCs of the CVs-adjusted rCatLet score models were 0.83 (95% CI: 0.78-0.89), 0.87 (95% CI: 0.82-0.92), and 0.89 (95% CI: 0.84-0.94), respectively. The performance of CVs-adjusted rCatLet score was significantly better than the stand-alone rCatLet score in terms of outcome predictions.@*CONCLUSION@#The rCatLet score has a predicting value for clinical outcomes for AMI patients and the incorporation of the three CVs into the rCatLet score will enhance its predicting ability.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#http://www.chictr.org.cn , ChiCTR-POC-17013536.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Death , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1457-1464, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007512

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze and explore the acupoint selection rules of different staging, syndrome types, and symptoms of acupuncture for peripheral facial paralysis based on data mining.@*METHODS@#Literature regarding acupuncture for peripheral facial paralysis was retrieved in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, SinoMed, and PubMed from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2021. The Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Assistant Platform (V 3.0), SPSS Modeler 18.0, and Cytoscape software were used to analyze the selection of acupoints based on staging, meridian distribution of acupoints, the selection of acupoints based on syndrome types, syndrome types based on staging, and symptom-based acupoint selection. Association rule analysis was performed for each stage and major syndrome types, and co-occurrence network diagrams were generated.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1 695 articles were included, involving 124 acupoints with a total frequency of 5 456 times. Among 1 080 articles related to staging-based acupoint selection, the acute stage had the highest acupoint use frequency (2 224 times) and number (88 acupoints). Among all stages, the acupoints of the stomach meridian of foot-yangming were most frequently used, with Dicang (ST 4)-Yangbai (GB 14) and Dicang (ST 4)-Jiache (ST 6) being the high-frequency acupoint pairs in each stage. The top four syndrome types in terms of acupoint usage frequency were wind-cold syndrome, wind-heat syndrome, qi-blood deficiency syndrome, and liver-gallbladder damp-heat syndrome. Among 521 articles combining staging with symptoms or syndrome types with symptoms for acupoint selection, the symptom "nasolabial groove becoming shallow or disappearing" had the highest frequency of occurrence. The symptoms with the highest acupoint usage frequency and number were "forehead wrinkles becoming shallow or disappearing" and "pain behind the ear" respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupoint selection for peripheral facial paralysis primarily focuses on the yang meridians in each stage, supplemented by local acupoints and based on the pathological characteristics. Syndrome differentiation and treatment should be prioritized, combined with local acupoint selection. Clinical acupoint selection can be based on a combination of staging, syndrome types, and symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Syndrome , Data Mining
4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 476-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003889

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution features of newly reported cases of occupational welder′s pneumoconiosis (OWP) in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022. Methods Data of newly reported cases of OWP from National Occupational Disease Network Direct Reporting System of Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022 was analyzed using conventional data analyzing Methods. Results A total of 294 cases of OWP were reported in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022 with an overall downward trend. The average age at diagnosis for new OWP cases was 44±6 years old, and the median of dust exposure duration was 11 years. Males accounted for 99.3% of the cases, and 94.2% of the cases were phase Ⅰ OWP. Guangzhou City had the highest regional distribution with 74.8% of the cases. The industry distribution was mainly manufacturing, accounting for 86.7% of the cases. The scale of enterprises was most common in small enterprises, followed by large and medium-sized enterprises, accounting for 38.4%, 30.6% and 24.5% of the cases respectively. The economic types of enterprises were mostly private enterprises, followed by state-owned enterprises, accounting for 54.1% and 32.0% of the cases respectively. Conclusion In Guangdong Province, the newly reported OWP cases were clustered in terms of disease stage, regional distribution, industry, enterprise scale and enterprise economic type. There was a tendency of younger age at diagnosis and shorter dust exposure duration.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1682-1689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013707

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether targeted inhibition of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) can inhibit the endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) of vascular endothelial cells by affecting exosomes (Exo) of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and explore the underlying mechanisms. Methods Primary CAFs and peri-tumor fibroblasts (PTFs) were obtained from lung cancer and peri-cancer tissues, and CAFs-exo and PTFs-exo were collected from culture medium, respectively. Exosomes from CAFs treated with specific FAP inhibitor (3.3 nmol • L-

6.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 126-134, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966689

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of long-acting injectable 3-monthly paliperidone palmitate on the clinical and social functioning of patients with schizophrenia. @*Methods@#This study enrolled patients with schizophrenia receiving long-acting injectable 1-monthly paliperidone palmitate for at least 4 months and who subsequently received 3-monthly paliperidone palmitate. Accordingly, 418 patients were followed up for 24 weeks. Their clinical symptoms and social functioning were measured using the Clinical Global Impression-Severity of Illness and Personal and Social Performance scales. @*Results@#The Personal and Social Performance total score was significantly higher after 3-monthly paliperidone palmitate treatment than at baseline (baseline vs. week 24: 54.3 ± 18.0 vs. 61.0 ± 14.5 [mean ± standard deviation]; p < 0.001; Wilcoxon signed-rank test); the proportion of patients in the mildly ill group (scores 71−100) also increased significantly (baseline vs. week 24: 16.5% vs. 20.6%; p< 0.001; McNemar-Bowker test). The mean Clinical Global Impression-Severity of Illness score decreased significantly (baseline vs. week 24: 3.7 ± 1.0 vs. 3.4 ± 0.9; p< 0.001; Wilcoxon signed-rank test), as did the proportion of patients in the severely ill group (baseline vs. week 24: 4.1% vs. 2.1%; p < 0.001; McNemar-Bowker test). @*Conclusion@#Continuous 3-monthly paliperidone palmitate treatment significantly enhances the personal and social performance of patients with schizophrenia and reduces the proportion of those with severe illness. These findings suggest that long-acting injectable antipsychotic administration at intervals longer than 1 month might improve the social functioning of and promote return to activities of daily living in patients with schizophrenia.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 156-161, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964287

ABSTRACT

Galectin-3 (Gal-3) belongs to the galectin family and is specific in binding β-galactoside. Through its C-terminal domain, Gal-3 binds to the galactoside group of the glycosylated insulin receptor (IR) and inhibits IR signaling pathway, which leads to the insulin resistance. Thus, Gal-3 is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Here we report a simple Gal-3 screening model based on the property that Gal-3 binds to the galactoside. We expressed and purified human Gal-3 in Escherichia coli (E.coli), and labeled it with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) in vitro. After incubating FITC labeled Gal-3 (Gal-3-FITC) with PANC-1 cells, which express glycosylated membrane protein, PANC-1 cells started to show green fluorescent signal due to the Gal-3-FITC binding to the glycosylated membrane protein. Gal-3 inhibitor disrupts the binding of Gal-3-FITC and PANC1 cells, subsequently leads to the decrease of the fluorescent signal in PANC-1 cells. We can evaluate the inhibitory efficiency of Gal-3 inhibitors through measurement of the fluorescent signal. Further studies show this model is simple, stable, and repeatable with a Z' factor between 0.7 and 0.85. In sum, we have successfully established an in vitro high-throughput screening model for Gal-3 inhibitors.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 275-279, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961657

ABSTRACT

At present, there are still some problems in China’s clinical comprehensive drug evaluation, such as the unscientific design of the evaluation content, the nonstandard evaluation method and organizational process, and the evaluation results not meeting the decision-making needs. It is urgent to carry out quality control over the whole process of the clinical comprehensive drug evaluation project. From the technical point of view, the quality control methods of clinical comprehensive drug evaluation are discussed through three links of the evaluation content and design (giving the quality control key points of the theme selection process and scheme design), the evaluation method (discussing the quality control elements of two common evaluation methods, i. e. documentary evidence method and real-world research) and result application transformation (giving suggestions on quality control from the comprehensive analysis of evaluation results, transformation of evaluation results and decision-making), so as to promote the quality improvement of clinical comprehensive drug evaluation.

9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 715-720, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980784

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the acupoint selection rules of acupuncture and moxibustion for post-stroke epilepsy by data mining technology.@*METHODS@#The literature regarding acupuncture and moxibustion for post-stroke epilepsy included in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, SinoMed and PubMed databases from the establishment of the database to August 1st 2022 was retrieved. Microsoft Excel 2019 software was used to establish a database to conduct the descriptive analysis of acupoints; SPSS Modeler 18.0 Apriori algorithm was used to conduct association rule analysis; high-frequency acupoint co-occurrence network diagrams were drawn by Cytoscape3.9.0 software; SPSS Statistics 25.0 software was used to perform hierarchical cluster analysis on high-frequency acupoints and a tree diagram was drawn.@*RESULTS@#Totally 39 articles were included, and 63 prescriptions of acupuncture and moxibustion were extracted, involving 56 acupoints, with a total frequency of 516 times; the top three acupoints with the highest frequency of use were Baihui (GV 20), Fenglong (ST 40) and Neiguan (PC 6); the selected meridians were mainly the governor vessel, the hand and foot yangming meridians; the selection of acupoints were mostly in the head, neck and lower limbs; in terms of acupoint compatibility, Hegu (LI 4)-Shuigou (GV 26) and Neiguan (PC 6) had the highest confidence degree; The top 20 high-frequency acupoints could be divided into 4 effective clusters.@*CONCLUSION@#Modern acupuncture and moxibustion treatment for post-stroke epilepsy attaches great importance to the use of yang meridians and meridians with enrich qi and blood; the core prescription is Shuigou (GV 26)-Neiguan (PC 6)-Hegu (LI 4)-Baihui (GV 20). In addition, the combination of distant and near acupoints is highly valued to improve clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Stroke/therapy , Data Mining , Epilepsy
10.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 837-844, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010216

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the associations of lipid indicators and mortality in Beijing Elderly Comprehensive Health Cohort Study.@*METHODS@#A prospective cohort was conducted based on Beijing Elderly Comprehensive Health Cohort Study with 4499 community older adults. After the baseline survey, the last follow-up was March 31, 2021 with an average 8.13 years of follow-up. Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HR) with 95% CI for cardiovascular disease (CVD) death and all-cause death in associations with baseline lipid indicators.@*RESULTS@#A total of 4499 participants were recruited, and the mean levels of uric acid, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) showed an upward trend with the increasing remnant cholesterol (RC) quarters (Ptrend < 0.05), while the downward trend was found in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). During the total 36,596 person-years follow-up, the CVD mortality and all-cause mortality during an average 8.13 years of follow-up was 3.87% (95% CI: 3.30%-4.43%) and 14.83% (95% CI: 13.79%-15.86%) with 174 CVD death participants and 667 all-cause death participants. After adjusting for confounders, the higher level of TC (HR = 0.854, 95% CI: 0.730-0.997), LDL-C (HR = 0.817, 95% CI: 0.680-0.982) and HDL-C (HR = 0.443, 95% CI: 0.271-0.724) were associated with lower risk of CVD death, and the higher level of HDL-C (HR = 0.637, 95% CI: 0.501-0.810) were associated with lower risk of all-cause death. The higher level of RC (HR = 1.276, 95% CI: 1.010-1.613) increase the risk of CVD death. Compared with the normal lipid group, TC ≥ 6.20 mmol/L group and LDL-C ≥ 4.10 mmol/L group were no longer associated with lower risk of CVD death, while RC ≥ 0.80 mmol/L group was still associated with higher risk of CVD death. In normal lipid group, the higher levels of TC, LDL-C and HDL-C were related with lower CVD death.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In community older adults, higher levels of TC and HDL-C were associated with lower CVD mortality in normal lipid reference range. Higher RC was associated with higher CVD mortality, which may be a better lipid indicator for estimating the CVD death risk in older adults.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 19-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995895

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of W-shaped genioplasty in the correction of broad and short chin deformity.Methods:Thirty-eight patients (5 males, 33 females, aged 20 to 41 years, mean 27.3 years) complained with broad and short chin were admitted to the Affiliated Friendship Plastic Surgery Hospitalof Nanjing Medical University from January 2019 to December 2021. CBCT scan and three-dimensional reconstruction were performed to design osteotomy line and determine the distance of chin lengthening, narrowing and advancing or retrocession preoperatively. Under general anesthesia, the W-shaped osteotomy was performed using an intraoral incision, and the angle between the bilateral free bone fragments, the distance of downward and forward movement were adjusted to change the curvature, width, length and prominence of the lower edge of the chin according to the preoperative designs. The results were evaluated by clinical appearances and image analyses at a follow-up of 3-24 months.Results:The amount of vertical lengthening of the chin in 38 cases were 2 mm to 5 mm, with an average of 3.02 mm. The horizontal narrowing width distances were 3-7 mm, with an average of 5.6 mm. The patients were followed up for 3-24 months, with an average of 10.6 months. There were no complications such as hematoma, wound dehiscence, accidental fracture, surgical area infection and permanent neurosensory disorder. 38 patients had transient sensory loss in the lower lip region of varying degrees, but all recovered spontaneously during routine follow-up period. All patients were satisfied with the improvement of facial contour.Conclusions:W-shaped geinoplasty preserves the central bone of the chin and the attachment of genioglossus muscle, which does not affect the normal anatomy and physiological function of the oral cavity. After osteotomy, the bone is removed and the bilateral bone fragments move flexibly. It can effectively change the radian, width, length and protrusion of the lower edge of the chin in three dimensions, so as to correct the wide and short deformity of the chin.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 813-817, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992031

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) on ferroptosis in skeletal muscle cells in sepsis model and its potential mechanism.Methods:Twenty-four 8-week-old male specific pathogen free Kunming mice were divided into normal control group, sham group, sepsis model group and STAT6 inhibitor pretreatment group according to random number table method with 6 mice in each group. A mouse sepsis model was reproduced by cecal ligation and perforation (CLP). In the sham group, the skin of mice was sutured after exposing the cecum tissue. In the STAT6 inhibitor pretreatment group, 10 mg/kg AS1517499 was injected intraperitoneally 1 hour before model reproduction. The sham group and the model group were intraperitoneally injected with the same volume of normal saline. Mice in the normal control group did not receive any operation or drug intervention. The mice were sacrificed 24 hours after model reproduction, and the muscle tissue of hind limb was obtained under sterile condition. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histopathology with optical microscope, and mitochondrial morphological changes were observed by transmission electron microscopy after double staining with uranium acetate lead citrate. The ferroptosis marker proteins expressions of chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4), ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1), and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4) were detected by Western blotting.Results:Under the optical microscope, the morphology and structure of skeletal muscle tissues in the normal control and sham groups were normal. In the model group, the structure of skeletal muscle tissues was loose, the muscle fiber became smaller and atrophic, inflammatory cell infiltration and even muscle fiber loss were found. Compared with the model group, the structure of skeletal muscle tissues was tight and skeletal muscle atrophy was improved in the STAT6 inhibitor pretreatment group. The ultrastructure of skeletal muscle cell in the normal control and sham groups was normal under transmission electron microscope. The ultrastructure characteristics of skeletal muscle in the model group showed that cell membrane was broken and blister, mitochondria became smaller and membrane density increased, the mitochondrial crista decreased or disappeared, the mitochondrial outer membrane was broken, and the nucleus was normal in size but lacked chromatin condensation. Compared with the model group, the STAT6 inhibitor pretreatment group had a significant improvement in the ultrastructure of muscle cells. Compared with the normal control and sham groups, the protein expressions of CHI3L1, COX-2, ACSL4 and FTH1 in the muscle of the model group were significantly increased, while the protein expression of GPx4 was decreased significantly, indicating that the skeletal muscle cells in the mouse sepsis model showed characteristic mitochondrial injury and abnormal expression of ferroptosis markers. Compared with the model group, the protein expressions of CHI3LI, COX-2, ACSL4 and FTH1 in the STAT6 inhibitor pretreatment group were significantly decreased [CHI3L1 protein (CHI3L1/GAPDH): 0.70±0.08 vs. 0.97±0.09, COX-2 protein (COX-2/GAPDH): 0.61±0.03 vs. 0.83±0.03, ACSL4 protein (ACSL4/GAPDH): 0.75±0.04 vs. 1.02±0.16, FTH1 protein (FTH1/GAPDH): 0.49±0.06 vs. 0.76±0.13, all P < 0.05], while the protein expression of GPx4 was significantly increased (GPx4/GAPDH: 1.14±0.29 vs. 0.53±0.03, P < 0.05). Conclusions:Sepsis can induce ferroptosis in skeletal muscle cells of mice. STAT6 may mediate ferroptosis in mouse skeletal muscle cells by regulating the expressions of COX-2, ACSL4, FTH1 and GPx4, thereby inducing skeletal muscle cell injury in sepsis.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 46-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988918

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the status of occupational medical examination (OME) institutions in Guangdong Province and the critical control points affecting their future development. Methods: A total of 211 OME institutions registered in Guangdong Province were selected as the research subjects. Their current statue was investigated, and the risk assessment of their future development was carried out based on hazard analysis and critical control point theory. Results: The OME institutions were mainly concentrated in the Pearl River Delta, accounting for 72.0%. The public and private medical and health institutions accounted for 70.6% and 29.4% respectively. The filing rates of different OME categories from high to low in the order were physical factors, chemical factors, dust, other, radiation factors, biological factors (P<0.01), and the filing rates were 89.6%, 88.6%, 84.8%, 63.0%, 7.1% and 1.0%, respectively. The rates of excellence in the field assessment from high to low in the order were hearing atlas analysis personnel, lung function examination operators, chest film reading personnel, chief examination physician, technical director, quality director (P<0.01), and the rates of excellence were 49.4%, 26.2%, 20.6%, 10.8%, 8.2% and 4.6%, respectively. A total of 37 institutions did not submit OME information, of which 23 institutions did not carry out OME work after filing. The required diagnosis rate and confirmed diagnosis rate of suspected occupational diseases in 2020 were 34.3% and 55.3%, respectively. In 2021, the detection rate of suspected occupational diseases was only 1.1‰. Among the institutions with biological monitoring records, 64.1% did not participate in external quality assessment program in laboratory, and the unqualified rate of 38 participating institutions was 55.3%. The risk assessment results show that the future development of OME institutions needs to focus on private institutions, institutions that have not reported OME information, institutions that have missed diagnosis and missed reporting of suspected occupational diseases, institutions that have not participated in external quality assessment program in laboratory and core personnel such as quality managers, technical leaders, and main inspection physicians. Conclusion: OME institutions in Guangdong Province show the characteristics of centralized filing category, centralized filing region and centralized filing institution nature. Combined with the potential risks of OME institutional capacity building, it is necessary to implement classified management, strengthen information construction, supervision and management, implement post responsibilities, and promote the high-quality development of OME institutions.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3204-3209, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999095

ABSTRACT

Disintegration time is a key parameter that affects the palatability and compliance of oral soluble films. At present, there is no standard method to determine the disintegration time of oral soluble films. In this study, we compared the six methods (pharmacopoeial disintegration method, petri dish method, sponge surface method, slide frame and ball method, partially immersed into liquid (without weight attached) and partially immersed into liquid (with weight attached)) to determine the in vitro disintegration time of oral soluble films with different thickness, and evaluated the correlation with the in vivo disintegration time. The results showed that the repeatability and correlation of pharmacopoeial disintegration method and the partially immersed into liquid method (with weight attached) were excellent, with the endpoint of disintegration testing easy to determine. Partially immersed into liquid method (with weight attached), properly simulating the physiological condition in oral cavity, showed strong operability, good repeatability and in vitro-in vivo correlation, and was suitable for in vitro disintegration evaluation of oral soluble film dosage form. The adult sensory evaluation study was a research-based clinical trial conducted with informed consent from all subjects in accordance with the ethical requirements of Good Clinical Practice.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1298-1301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To construct the drug clinical comprehensive evaluation index system and quantitative grading in China, and to provide a reference for scientifically carrying out comprehensive clinical evaluation of drugs. METHODS The analytic hierarchy model was used to establish the drug clinical comprehensive evaluation index system, the weight of the evaluation index and the quantitative grading of each index were determined through expert consultation and model calculation. RESULTS The results of expert consultation were integrated by using the analytic hierarchy model, and the drug clinical comprehensive evaluation index system was obtained: including six first-level indicators of effectiveness, safety, economy, suitability, accessibility and innovation, as well as twenty-three second-level indicators of recommended status, medication for special populations, and drug treatment costs; the weight of each indicator was calculated through estimation-matrix method. CONCLUSIONS The analytic hierarchy model can construct the drug clinical comprehensive evaluation index system and quantitative grading in China, which can provide methodological references for comprehensive analysis and decision-making, thus making the clinical comprehensive evaluation of drugs completer and more scientific.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 189-193, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958707

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effects of the dissection of the implant pockets with ultrasonic scalpel or traditional electroscalpel through the axillary approach under endoscopic assistant.Methods:A total of 125 female patients with an average of 32.5 years, ranged from 21 to 44 years, underwent endoscopic-assisted transaxillary breast augmentation in the Department of Plastic Surgery, the Affiliated Friendship Plastic Surgery Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, from January 2019 to December 2020, were analyzed retrospectively. The implant pockets were dissected with ultrasonic scalpel (ultrasonic scalpel group) in 64 patients or with traditional electroscalpel (electroscalpel group) in 61 patients. The operation time, operation speed, postoperative drainage, drainage tube removal time and hospital stay of the two groups were compared and analyzed statistically.Results:Compared with the electroscalpel group, the average operation time of the ultrasonic scalpel group 75(71-90) min was significantly shorter than that of the electroscalpel group 105(80-135) min ( t=4.10, P<0.001), the operation speed (3.27±0.44 ml/min) was faster than that of the electroscalpel group (2.52±0.72 ml/min) ( t=4.71, P<0.001), the postoperative drainage 130.5(98.8-193.3) ml was significantly less than that of the electroscalpel group 281.75(145.5-328.3) ml ( t=2.21, P<0.05), and the drainage tube removal time 3 (3-4) d and hospital stay 3 (3-4) d were remarkablely shorter than that of the electroscalpel group 4 (3-4) d, 5 (4-6) d ( t=3.58; t=4.06, P<0.05). Conclusions:The application of ultrasonic scalpel in endoscopic-assisted transaxillary breast augmentation is safe and reliable. In addtion to improving the surgical efficiency, ultrasonic scalpel can reduce blood loss, shorten the time of hospital stay and reduce complications, which is worthy of further promotion in clinical application.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 185-188, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958706

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of eyebrow arch augmentation with personalized polyether ether ketone (PEEK) implant assisted by endoscope.Methods:From January 2019 to August 2021, 9 patients with low and flat eyebrow arch requiring eyebrow arch augmentation were treated in the plastic surgery department of the Friendship Plastic Surgery Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University. The cranial and maxillofacial CT scanning data were obtained before operation, the eyebrow arch elevation range and height were designed according to the patient's requirements, and personalized peek implants were manufactured. During the operation, a small temporal hairline incision was used to accurately separate the implantation cavity of individualized peek implants under the periosteum of the eyebrow arch implantation area with the aid of endoscope. Personalized PEEK implants were implanted under endoscope to make them fully fit with the eyebrow arch bone and fixed with titanium nails. Photos were taken and analyzed before and after operation.Results:All patients were followed up for 3 months to 2 years. Their facial expressions were normal, and there were no motor nerve injury, rejection and iatrogenic infection. The patients were satisfied with the postoperative effect. Compared with before operation, the low level of orbital bone in eyebrow area was improved, and the facial contour was three-dimensional and harmonious.Conclusions:The eyebrow arch augmentation with individualized peek implant assisted by endoscope is safe and effective. It can greatly reshape the upper contour of the face, deepen the upper eyelid fossa and improve the convex eye phenomenon, so as to achieve the cosmetic effect of enhancing the three-dimensional sense of the eyebrow orbital area, which is worthy of clinical application.

18.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 834-838, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957847

ABSTRACT

Objective:To create radiomics models based on abbreviated multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of breast cancer.Methods:All breast MR imaging data between Jun 2014 and Mar 2019 were retrospectively collected. Patients with pathological results of puncture or surgical resection were involved in this study. One thousand three hundred and six patients (416 benign and 890 breast cancer) were divided into training cohort ( n=702), internal validation cohort ( n=302), and external validation cohort ( n=302). All images were reduced to: the joint model group [including T2 weighted imaging (T2WI), DWI (diffusion-weighted imaging) and first contrast-enhanced sequences], non-enhanced group (T2WI and DWI) and single-phase enhanced group (first contrast-enhanced sequences). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) were used to reduce the dimension of texture features. Three supervised machine learning algorithms (Bagging decision tree, Gaussian process, support vector machine) were used to predict benign and malignant breast lesions, and the best classifier was selected to construct breast cancer diagnosis model. Models were validated by internal and external validation cohorts. Results:The Gaussian process algorithm was chosen. The area under the curve (AUC) of the joint model and the non-enhanced model for predicting breast cancer were 0.903 and 0.893 for the training cohort, 0.893 and 0.863 for the internal validation cohort, and 0.878 and 0.864 for the external validation cohort.Conclusions:The radiomics model based on abbreviated multimodal MRI can accurately diagnose breast cancer. And the non-enhanced model can accurately diagnose breast cancer without contrast enhancement, which provides feasibility for simplifying the diagnosis process.

19.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 908-915, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957661

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the normal ranges of perfusion parameters between cerebral hemisphere, cerebellar hemisphere and brain anatomical subregions (56 pairs) in different gender and age groups with multiple post labeling delay time (Multi-PLD) arterial spin labeling (ASL) imaging.Methods:From November 2020 to December 2020, 42 healthy adult volunteers (Male 25, Female 17) were recruited to perform 7 PLD ASL imaging, including 21 young adults (15 males and 6 females, aged 23—35 years) and 21 seniors (10 males and 11 females, aged 36—74 years). The data was processed offline by Cereflow software to obtain arterial arrival time (ATT) and corrected cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral blood volume (CBV) perfusion parameters. SimpleITK standardization function was used to standardize the calculated perfusion image according to the anatomical automatic labeling (AAL) template. Therefore, CBF, ATT, CBV perfusion values of brain subregions were obtained. Paired samples t test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, independent samples t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the differences of perfusion parameters in the cerebral hemisphere, the cerebellar hemisphere, brain subregions depending on side, gender and age. Pearson correlation analysis was used to compare the correlations of perfusion parameters with age. Results:CBF in 62.5% (35/56) subregions and CBV in 44.6% (25/56) subregions were higher in right side than those in left side. ATT in most brain anatomical subregions (16/56) were higher in left side. The CBF [(35.30±8.31) vs. (34.34±7.53) ml·100g -1·min -1, P=0.021], CBV [(0.47±0.11) vs. (0.45±0.09) ml/100g, P<0.001], ATT [(1.30±0.10) vs. (1.24±0.11) s, P<0.001] in left cerebellar hemisphere were higher than that of right side. The CBF (28/56) of cerebral hemisphere, cerebellar hemisphere and brain subregions was higher in females than that in males, while ATT in 83.9% (47/56) subregions was lower than that in males (all P<0.05). CBV in female subjects was higher only in 5 brain regions (superior occipital gyrus, middle occipital gyrus, inferior occipital gyrus, superior parietal gyrus and cerebelum_7b) (all P<0.05). In young subjects, CBF in 44.6% (25/56) subregions and CBV in 33.9% (19/56) subregions were higher than those in the senior group (all P<0.05). The ATT in most subregions in young group were lower than those in senior group, but the difference was statistically significant only in rectus gyrus ( P=0.026) and paracentral lobule ( P=0.006). The CBF ( r=-0.430, P=0.005) and CBV ( r=-0.327, P=0.035) of cerebral hemisphere were negatively correlated with age. The CBF (24/25, r range:-0.497 —-0.343, all P<0.05) and CBV (16/19, r range:-0.474 —-0.322, all P<0.05) in most subregions were negatively correlated with age, while ATT was positively correlated (gyrus rectus: r=0.311, P=0.045; paracentral lobule: r=0.392, P=0.010). Conclusions:Multi-PLD ASL imaging could be applied for quantitative analysis of brain perfusion. The perfusion parameters of anatomical subregions are different depending on side, gender, and age.

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Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 323-329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015334

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of imiquimod (IMQ) on the proliferation of glioma U87 cell line U87. Methods U87 cells were divided into control group, 1 mmol/L I mmol/L MQ group, 5 mmol/L IMQ group, 1 mmol/L IMQ+ STAT3 inhibitor(STAT3-IN) group and 5 mmol/L IMQ + STAT3-IN group. To detect the number of 5-ethynyl-2 ' - deoxyuridine(EdU) -labeled cells or proliferation absorbance(A) values in each group by EdU and MTT assays. Interleukin (I L) - 6 mRNA, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -a mRNA and protein content in U87 cells of each group were detected by Real-time PCR or ELISA. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of STAT3, phosphorylated STAT3 (p - S T A T 3), nuclear factor (N F) -KB and phosphorylated NF-KB (p-NF-KB) in U87 cells of each group. Results Compared with the control group, the number of EdU-labeled cells and absorbance values of U87 cells were successively decreased in 1 mmol/L IMQ group and 5 mmol/L IMQ group, showing a dose-dependent manner (P < 0 . 0 1, n— 1 0) . However, the number of EdU-labeled cells and the A values in IMQ + STAT3-IN group and 5 mmol/L IMQ + STAT3-IN group were significantly reduced. Compared with the control group, the protein expression of STAT3, p-STAT3, N F - K B, P ~ N F - K B, IL-6 and TNF-a were continuing low level in U87 cells of 1 mmol/L IMQ group and 5 mmol/L IMQ group (P < 0 . 0 1, * = 1 0) . As well as in 1 mmol/L IMQ + STAT3-INgroup and 5 mmol/L IMQ + STAT3-IN group, the proteins of above were low expressed (P < 0 . 01, n— 10) . Conclusion Imiquimod decreased the contents of IL-6 and TNF-a by down-regulating S T A T 3 / N F - K B pathway, and thus inhibited the proliferation of U87 cells.

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