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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914876

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose Mutations in the FIG4 gene have been linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) type 11 in Caucasian populations. The purpose of this study was to identify FIG4 variants in a cohort of 15 familial ALS (FALS) indexes and 275 sporadic ALS (SALS) patients of Han Chinese origin. @*Methods@#All 23 exons of FIG4 were sequenced using targeted next-generation sequencing.An extensive literature review was performed to detect genotype-phenotype associations of FIG4 mutations. @*Results@#No FIG4 variants were identified in the FALS patients. One novel heterozygous missense variant (c.352G>T [p.D118Y]) and one novel heterozygous nonsense variant (c.2158G>T [p.E720X]) in FIG4 were identified in two SALS patients. The p.E720X variant is interpreted as likely pathogenic while the p.D118Y variant is a variant of uncertain significance. The patient carrying the p.E720X mutation developed lower-limb-onset slowly progressive ALS, and survived for 11.5 years. The patient harboring the FIG4 p.D118Y variant also presented with progressive ALS, with the score on the ALS Functional Rating Scale–Revised (ALSFRS-R) decreasing by 0.4 per month. The rate of decrease in the ALSFRS-R scores from symptom onset to diagnosis seemed to be lower in the patients carrying FIG4 variants than the no-FIG4-mutation ALS patients in this study. @*Conclusions@#Our findings suggest that ALS patients carrying FIG4 mutations are not common in the Chinese population and are more likely to exhibit slow progression.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906314

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence of neurological diseases has been increasing year by year. To give full play to the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of neurological disorders, identify the breakthrough point of integrating TCM with western medicine, and further standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of TCM, the China Association of Chinese Medicine organized neurologists in TCM and western medicine to carry out in-depth discussion on the neurological diseases responding specifically to TCM and integrated TCM and western medicine, such as stroke, headache, vertigo, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy, aiming to formulate a well-recognized and integrated treatment protocol for TCM and western medicine and improve the efficacy of neurological disorders. Furthermore, the treatment suggestions of the corresponding diseases in TCM and western medicine were proposed to provide references for clinical practice and scientific research.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912629

ABSTRACT

Objective:By building a COVID-19 related scientific research progress monitoring system, to mitigate the information needs of different stakeholders such as government decision-makers, enterprises and scientific research institutions, provide reference for global scientific research progress monitoring for possible public health emergencies in the future.Methods:Literature review and expert consultation were adopted to systematically sort out the data sources of journal papers, preprints and other scientific papers, formed their respective monitoring catalogs and determined the tracking path.Results:COVID-19-related papers mainly include journal papers and preprints. The data source monitoring range of journal papers includes the official websites of top journals in biomedical and natural sciences, the database Web of Science and Science Direct, and the monitoring scope of the preprint platform includes medRxiv, bioRxiv, and SSRN, etc. In addition, the virological websites virological and nextstrain should also be monitored.Conclusions:COVID-19-related scientific research progress monitoring system can be used for daily monitoring to provide support for decision-making and deployment of prevention and control work.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888639

ABSTRACT

This research analyzed Chinese emergency approval policies and practices of medical devices at the local level under the circumstance of COVID-19 disease. The legal basis and administrative system were clarified, the implementation and characteristics of emergency approval policies were investigated, the products information including total approved number, product type and license's validity period were counted. Advices as enhancing the standardization of emergency approval system, strengthening registration guidance and optimize information disclose and management were provided.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Device Approval , Humans , Policy , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 288-293, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879753

ABSTRACT

Dozens of genes are associated with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) and an oligogenic etiology has been suggested. However, the associated genes may account for only approximately 50% cases. In addition, a genomic systematic pedigree analysis is still lacking. Here, we conducted whole exome sequencing (WES) on 18 unrelated men affected by IHH and their corresponding parents. Notably, one reported and 10 novel variants in eight known IHH causative genes (AXL, CCDC141, CHD7, DMXL2, FGFR1, PNPLA6, POLR3A, and PROKR2), nine variants in nine recently reported candidate genes (DCAF17, DCC, EGF, IGSF10, NOTCH1, PDE3A, RELN, SLIT2, and TRAPPC9), and four variants in four novel candidate genes for IHH (CCDC88C, CDON, GADL1, and SPRED3) were identified in 77.8% (14/18) of IHH cases. Among them, eight (8/18, 44.4%) cases carried more than one variant in IHH-related genes, supporting the oligogenic model. Interestingly, we found that those variants tended to be maternally inherited (maternal with n = 17 vs paternal with n = 7; P = 0.028). Our further retrospective investigation of published reports replicated the maternal bias (maternal with n = 46 vs paternal with n = 28; P = 0.024). Our study extended a variant spectrum for IHH and provided the first evidence that women are probably more tolerant to variants of IHH-related genes than men.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate whether Renqing Changjue has a protective effect on acute respiratory dis?tress syndrome (ARDS) induced by endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rabbits. METHODS Thirty-six healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into six groups: normal control group, model group, dexamethasone group, Renqing Changjue high, middle and low dose group, with six rabbits in each group. LPS was used to replicate the ARDS model after five consecutive days of gavage. Arterial pressure, respiratory rate and anal temperature blood were recorded for arterial blood gas analysis at 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 h, respectively. At the end of the four-hour experiment, rab?bits were killed by bloodletting, and the lung tissue was quickly removed to determine the cytokines, SOD, MDA and pathological examination of rabbit lung. RESULTS Renqing Changjue can significantly reduce the pathological changes of lung in ARDS model group. The expression of AQP1 and MPO in rabbit lung was significantly decreased by immuno?histochemistry (P<0.05) ,reduce the lung wet/dry weight ratio, increase the ratio of PaO2/FiO2, inhibit the release of inflammatory factors and scavenge free radicals and antioxidant effects. CONCLUSION Renqing Changjue can effec?tively protect rabbits with acute respiratory distress syndrome induced by LPS, and may protect the lung by inhibiting the release of cytokines and anti-oxidation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Erxian Shengbai decoction combined with Huangqi Huang soup for leucopenia (deficiency of spleen and kidney Qi) after chemotherapy, and to investigate the regulatory effect on immune function and cytokines. Method:One hundred and fifty patients were randomly divided into control group(75 cases) and observation group (75 cases)by random number table. Patients in group got batilol tablets by oral administration for 6 weeks, 60 mg/time, 3 times/day. And the patients at stage Ⅲ or Ⅳ additionally received recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor injection (rhG-CSF) for subcutaneous injection,2-5 μg·kg-1·d-1, until the count of neutrophils recovered to 5.0×109个/L (10.0×109个/L for white blood cell). In the control group shengbaikang granules were taken orally,1 bag/time,3 times/day.Patients in observation group additionally received Erxian Shengbai decoction combined with Huangqi Huangshan soup for 6 weeks, 1 doses/day. Number of peripheral blood leukocytes (WBC) and neutrophils (NEUT), time to recovery, number of infections, duration of using antibiotics, dose and duration of rhG-CSF, red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin (Hb), platelets (PLT) and rate of completed chemotherapy were recorded. Scores of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)syndrome and karnofsky performance scale (KPS) were graded before and after treatment. Levels of T lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD4+/CD8+) , natural killer cell (NK), interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were all detected. Result:In the analysis of rank sum test, to the efficacy for leucopenia in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=2.057, P<0.05). Levels of WBC, NEUT, RBC, Hb and PLT were higher than those in control group (P<0.01). Time to recovery, number of infections and duration of using antibiotics, dose and duration of rhG-CSF were all less than those in control group (P<0.01). After treatment, the recovery rate of WBC and NEUT as well as completed chemotherapy were 76.12% (51/67), 73.13% (49/67) and 92.54% (62/67) in observation group, higher than 57.35% (39/68), 52.94% (36/68) and 79.41% (54/68) in control group (P<0.01). Levels of NK, CD3+, CD4+, CD4+/CD8+ and IL-2 were all higher than those in control group (P<0.01), while levels of CD8+ , IL-6 and TNF-α were lower than those in control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:Erxian Shengbai decoction combined with Huangqi Huangshan soup can promote the recovery of WBC and NEUT, stabilize the immune function, regulate cytokines, improve the microenvironment of bone marrow hematopoiesis, improve the completion rate of chemotherapy, reduce the number of infections and the amount of rhG-CSF, relieve clinical symptoms, and stabilize the quality of life in patients with leukopenia after chemotherapy (deficiency of spleen and kidney Qi).

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905753

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze internal composition of hospitalization expense for patients with cerebral infarction. Methods:Data of hospitalization expenses from patients with cerebral infarction discharged from 2014 to 2018 were collected, and analyzed with grey correlation and degree of structural variation. Results:The costs for rehabilitation treatment, medicines and consumables mainly contributed to structural variation, accumulated to 74.63%. The costs for rehabilitation treatment (0.982), medicine (0.979), imaging (0.978) and laboratory tests (0.972) were the most relative to the average expense of hospitalization. Conclusion:It is preliminarily successful for cost control, and needs further impove to respond the contribution of professionals.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905490

ABSTRACT

This paper introduced European Guidelines for Physiotherapy of Parkinson's Disease, especially the form, content and selection, to give a reference of evidence-based practice in China.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905489

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the defensive medicine of physicians in the process of rehabilitation. Methods:Defensive medicine were investigated from the medical records of 220 inpatients included in the clinical pathway of stroke rehabilitation from January, 2016 to January, 2018. Results:There might be some defensive medicine behaviours for diagnosis, treatment, prevention of medical tangle, etc., in stroke rehabilitation. Conclusion:It is needed to reduce defensive medicine in various ways.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905357

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the learning outcome of continued education based on Kirkpatrick model for professionals in rehabilitation institutes. Methods:A total of 190 rehabilitation trainees from 2018 to 2019 were investigated with Kirkpatrick model, from the reaction layer, learning layer, behavior layer and results layer, to evaluate the training effect. Results:From reaction layer, the total satisfaction was high from three aspects including general feeling, hospital management and department management. From learning layer, the score of theoretical results significantly improved (t = 32.476, P < 0.001), and the score of practical skill was (81.99±9.59). From behavior layer, their abilities of doctor-patient communication, risk management, writing, rehabilitation evaluation, identifying key points of problems, formulating rehabilitation plans and implementing operations improved (t > 14.364, P < 0.001). From results layer, the complaint rate was 0%, and the accident rate was 0%; three trainees published papers. Conclusion:Kirkpatrick model could evaluate the training comprehensively. Rehabilitation training could improve the quality and ability of trainees.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1696-1702, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827571

ABSTRACT

It has been reported that liver fibrosis could be reversed after eliminating liver injuries. This article systematically summarizes the evidence of fibrosis regression based on histology, liver stiffness, and serum biomarkers, and discusses several clinically relevant challenges. Evidence from liver biopsy has been regarded as the gold standard in the assessment of fibrosis regression. Semi-quantitative staging and grading systems are traditionally and routinely used to define regression. Recently, the predominantly regressive, indeterminate, and predominantly progressive score was proposed, based on the regressive features from "hepatic repair complex", to provide additional information regarding the quality of fibrosis. For non-invasive assessment, although liver stiffness and serum biomarkers could be applied to reflect the dynamic changes of liver fibrosis, other confounding factors such as liver inflammation have to be considered. In conclusion, both histology and non-invasive methods can provide evidence regarding fibrosis regression. The predictive value of fibrosis regression in long-term prognosis warrants further investigation.

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 301-306, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818423

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThere are many methods for the detection of hydroxyproline (HYP), but few of them are suitable for the detection of lung tissue in mice. We intend to establish an accurate and reliable method for measuring HYP levels based on mouse lung tissues to assess the degree of fibrosis development more effectively.MethodsBased on the alkali hydrolysis method, the effects of the concentration of alkali hydrolysate and hydrolysis time on the determination results of HYP level in mice lung tissue were compared; the effects of the changes of experimental conditions on the determination results of HYP standard were compared; and the results of the determination of HYP level in mice lung tissue under dry and wet conditions were compared on the basis of the above experimental results.ResultsThe optimum concentration of alkali hydrolysate is 2 mol/L and the optimum hydrolysis time is 20 min. The optimum pH value of citric acid buffer is 6.0-6.5. The optimum solvent for chloramine T is methanol, the optimum reaction time for chloramine T solution is 15 min, the optimum reaction time for perchloric acid solution is 5 min, and the optimum reaction time for 4-(dimethylamino) benzoyl toluene is 5 min. The optimum condition of aldehyde solution color development is that it is bathed in water at 85 for 3 minutes. Some related reagents are stored in suitable environment after preparation, and the experimental data will not be affected within 7 days. Dry lung tissue of mice can improve the detection level of HYP. The improved experimental protocol was applied to the bleomycin-induced mouse pulmonary fibrosis model, and the HYP measurement results were significantly higher than that of the original protocol.ConclusionAn accurate and reliable method for the determination of hydroxyproline in lung tissue of mice was established.

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 563-566, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863371

ABSTRACT

Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT)+ total mesorectal excision (TME) has become the standard mode of treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer(LARC). However, the sensitivity of different patients to nCRT varies greatly, some patients can get pathological complete response (pCR), and their long-term survival is significantly improved, Some patients'tumors continue to progress, therefore, accurate prediction of whether pCR can be achieved after nCRT is very important for guiding individualized treatment of patients. Current studies have shown that some accessible clinical factors, such as age, pathological types of tumors, TNM staging, circumferential extent of tumor, distance to the anal verge, CEA level, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio, can be used to predict whether pCR can be achieved.This article reviews the progress of clinical predictors of pCR in LARC after nCRT.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 332-334, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713028

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the effect on accommodative functions after femtosecond laser assisted LASIK(FEMTO LASIK)for myopic anisometropia.<p>METHODS: A respective serial case observational study was designed. Thirty-five patients(70 eyes)with myopic anisometropia treated by FEMTO LASIK were included in the study. Their uncorrected distance visual acuity, distance spherical equivalent, the difference of binocular diopter and accommodative functions including amplitude of accommodation, negative relative accommodation, positive relative accommodation and lag of accommodation were measured three times(before surgery, 1mo and 3mo after surgery). <p>RESULTS: At 1mo and 3mo after surgery, uncorrected distance visual acuity was improved significantly, distance spherical equivalent and the difference of binocular diopter were significantly decreased. Amplitude of accommodation and positive relative accommodation were improved at 3mo after surgery. The differences were statistically significant. There was no statistically significant difference of negative relative accommodation and lag of accommodation between these three times.<p>CONCLUSION: FEMTO LASIK for the correction of myopic anisometropia is an effective and safe procedure. The surgery may have no adverse influence on patients' accommodative function. It would be helpful for recovery of the binocular coordinate accommodative function.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905601

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of quality control tools in rehabilitation clinical pathway management. Methods:Quality control tools, such as PDCA circulation, fishbone chart, Gantt chart and 5W1H, were used to analyze the clinical path implements, to find out the reasons for the low rate of clinical pathway entry and completion, and to make continuous improvement. The data from July, 2013 to June, 2018 were divided into ten boxes as half-a-year. The former five boxes were as control group, and the latter five boxes were as study group. Results:There was no significant difference in the number of discharged patients between the study group and the control group (t < 2.260, P > 0.05), but there was significant difference between the two groups in the number of patients entering the rehabilitation, variation and completion in the rehabilitation and the total clinical pathway (t > 6.501, P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the rate of entering total clinical pathway, and the rate of the variation and the completion of total clinical pathway (χ2 > 10.973, P < 0.001). Conclusion:Application of quality control tools can expand the implement of clinical pathway, improve the rate of entry and completion in clinical pathway, and reduce the variation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905578

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of quality control tools in rehabilitation clinical pathway management. Methods:Quality control tools, such as PDCA circulation, fishbone chart, Gantt chart and 5W1H, were used to analyze the clinical path implements, to find out the reasons for the low rate of clinical pathway entry and completion, and to make continuous improvement. The data from July, 2013 to June, 2018 were divided into ten boxes as half-a-year. The former five boxes were as control group, and the latter five boxes were as study group. Results:There was no significant difference in the number of discharged patients between the study group and the control group (t < 2.260, P > 0.05), but there was significant difference between the two groups in the number of patients entering the rehabilitation, variation and completion in the rehabilitation and the total clinical pathway (t > 6.501, P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the rate of entering total clinical pathway, and the rate of the variation and the completion of total clinical pathway (χ2 > 10.973, P < 0.001). Conclusion:Application of quality control tools can expand the implement of clinical pathway, improve the rate of entry and completion in clinical pathway, and reduce the variation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801772

ABSTRACT

Objective: To elucidate the effect of sulfur fumigation on the content of chemical composition and quality of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix, and to discuss the identification method of sulfur fumigated Panacis Quinquefolii Radix. Method: The content changes of ginsenoside Rb1, Re, Rg1 in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix were determined by HPLC-DAD before and after sulfur fumigation. The content changes of 11 inorganic elements in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix before and after sulfur fumigation were detected by microwave digestion method and inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry tandem mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The quality difference of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix before and after sulfur fumigation was qualitatively distinguished combined with the principal component analysis. Result: Three ginsenosides were well separated and showed good linearity with R2 ≥ 0.999.Before sulfur fumigation, the contents of ginsenoside Rg1, Re and Rb1 in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix were (0.897±0.045), (13.092±0.639), (12.896±0.430) g ·kg-1, respectively. After sulfur fumigation, the contents of these three components in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix were (0.807±0.032), (11.968±0.627), (11.752±0.696) g ·kg-1, respectively. After fumigation, the contents of inorganic elements (Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, As, Se, Ag, Cd, Sb, Pb and Fe) from Panacis Quinquefolii Radix increased in varying degrees. According to the distribution results of three-dimensional (3D) scattered points, sulfur and non-sulfur fumigation products of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix could be effectively distinguished. Conclusion: After sulfur fumigation, the contents of ginsenoside Re and Rb1 in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix decrease significantly, but the contents of 11 inorganic elements increase, suggesting that sulfur fumigation may have a great influence on the quality of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771505

ABSTRACT

This study aims to observe the intervention effects of Chinese herbal medicine of supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation on chronic intermittent hypoxia(CIH) composite insulin resistance(IR) mediated atherosclerosis(AS) mice model,and to observe the mechanism of SREBP-1 c signaling molecule.IR Apo E-/-mice model was induced by high-fat diet combined with STZ injection.Then the mice were treated with hypoxic animal incubator for 8 h per day and 8 weeks to establish a CIH+IR-ApoE-/-mouse model.Model mice were randomly and averagely divided into normoxic control group(NC),model group(CIH) and SREBPs inhibitor group(betulin),atorvastatin group(WM),TCM low-dose group(TCM-L),TCM middle-dose group(TCM-M) and TCM high-dose group(TCM-H) group.Chinese herbal medicine of supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation including ginsenosides combined with ligustrazine(TMP) were used as intervention drugs.The study observed the effect of drugs on IR,serum lipid,inflammation,stress,AS and SREBP-1 c related molecules.The results showed that fasting blood glucose in TCM-H group decreased compared with other experimental groups(P<0.05).HDL-C level in betulin group,WM group,TCM-H group was higher than that in CIH group(P<0.05).LDL-C level in TCM-M group,TCM-H group is lower than that in CIH group(P<0.05).The level of CRP in CIH group was higher than that in other groups(P<0.05).The level of SOD in TCM-H group was higher than that in CIH group(P<0.05).NC group and CIH group showed obvious AS aortic plaque,while betulin group,WM group,TCM-H group showed reduction in AS plaque(P<0.05).For descending aorta,AS plaque in CIH group was multiple and large,while less and smaller in WM group and TCM-H(P<0.05).The expression of SREBP-1 c and FAS in aorta and skeletal muscle in TCM-H group was lower than that in CIH group(P<0.05).In aorta,the expression of TNF-α and CD106(VCAM-1) was lower in TCM-H group than that in CIH group(P<0.05).In aorta,skeletal muscle and liver,the level of p-IRS-1 in TCM-H group was significantly higher than that in CIH group(P<0.05).In aorta and liver,the expression of HIF-1α in TCM-H group was lower than that in CIH group(P<0.05).The study demonstrated that combination ginsenosides with TMP could improve IR and serum lipid level and inhibit inflammation and oxidative stress as well as ultimately alleviate AS to some extent.And the mechanism of its interventional effects might be related to the inhibition of CIH-induced upregulation of SREBP-1 c related molecules.


Subject(s)
Animals , Atherosclerosis , Drug Therapy , Blood Circulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hypoxia , Pathology , Insulin Resistance , Mice , Mice, Knockout, ApoE , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , Qi , Random Allocation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744231

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the effects of genipin (GEN) on high glucose (HG) -induced oxidative stress injury and apoptosis in H9c2 cardiomyocytes.METHODS:H9c2 cells were cultured in vitro and HG-induced injury model was established.H9c2 cells were divided into 4 groups:normal control (NC) group (glucose at 5.6 mmol/L) , HG group (glucose at 50 mmol/L) , NG+GEN group and HG+GEN group.The concentration of genipin was used at 10μmol/L.The viability of the H9c2 cells was measured by CCK-8 assay.The intracellular malondialdehyde (MDA) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were determined by enzyme labeling and WST-1 methods, respectively.The activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the cell culture supernatant was detected by microplate method.Fluorescent probe DCF was used to detect intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS).Nucleosome fragments was measured to evaluate cell apoptosis by ELISA.The intracellular mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by JC-1 method.The protein levels of Mn-SOD, cytochrome C (Cyt C) , Bax and cleaved caspase-3 were determined by Western blot.RESULTS:Compared with HG group, the cell viability in HG+GEN group was increased significantly (P<0.05) , the levels of MDA and LDH were decreased (P<0.05) , SOD activity was increased (P<0.05) , the levels of ROS and nucleosome fragments in HG+GEN group were decreased (P<0.05) , and the mitochondrial membranes potential was notably increased (P<0.05).Compared with NG group, the activation of Mn-SOD was decreased, but the protein levels of Cyt C, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 were increased in HG group (P<0.05).Compared with HG group, the activation of Mn-SOD was increased, and the protein levels of Cyt C, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 were decreased in HG+GEN group (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:Genipin protects HG-induced H9c2 cardiomyocytes against oxidative stress injury and apoptosis.

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