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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution characteristics and risk factors of HPV infection in the cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN)cohort in Shanxi Province.METHODS: From June to December 2014,40,000 married women under the age of 65 years in Shanxi were screened for cervical cancer,and the abnormal cervical fluid-based cytology(TCT)was excluded.Gland microscopy and histopathological examination were performed.Finally a total of 2304 women were included in the study.Questionnaires were used to collect demographic characteristics and factors related to cervical cancer,and HPV typing was performed by flow-through hybridization.RESULTS: Among the 2304 subjects,the HPV infection age range was 36-40 years old;the top 5 HPV infection rates were HPV16/58/52/53/51.The top 5 HPV infectionrates in CIN2 及 以 上 were HPV16/58/31/33/52. HPV single infection accounted for 23.13%,multiple infection accounted for 9.51%,and with the increase of cervical lesion,degree HPV single infection rate and multiple infection rate also increased.Multivariate analysis showed that the risk of HPV infection in those who were educated for ≤ 9 years was 1.236 times(95% CI 1.029-1.484)of those who were educated for >9 years;the risk of HPV infection in the women with non-menstrual use of pads was 1.328 times(95% CI 1.016~1.736)of menopausal women,the risk of HPV infection in non-menopausalwomen was 2.407 times of those without(95% CI 2.012-2.880).CONCLUSION:s The high-risk age of HPV infection in Shanxi is 36-40 years old;the most common type of HPV infection is HPV16/58/52/53/51;the most pathogenic type is HPV16,58,31,33,52,whose distribution characteristics are different from those of other areas;short-term education,non-menopause,and non-menstrual use of pads are high-risk factors for HPV infection.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1284-1286, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695429

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To research the quality of life ( QOL ) and influencing factors in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR). ·METHODS: A total of 103 diagnosed case of diabetic retinopathy from January 2017 to August 2017 in Daping Hospital of Chongqing were enrolled in this study. The questionnaire survey was conducted using Scale of Quality of Life in Patients with Visual Impairment (SQQL-VI ) and social support revalued scale. The factors influencing their quality of life were also analyzed. The data were analyzed by SPSS 25. 0 software. Proportions were compared by using the chi-square test and the means were compared by using the t-test. The factors of DR such as age, gender, education and social support were analyzed using stepwise multiple linear regression. ·RESULTS: The scores in the patients with diabetic retinopathy included total quality of life 63. 59 ± 9. 58, symptoms and visual function 53. 13 ± 8. 51, body function 28. 39 ± 3. 86, social activities 27. 95 ± 3. 63, psychological aspects 27. 78 ± 3. 85. The single factor analysis showed that there were significant differences in age, education level occupation, monthly income, the style of medical cost, course of disease, and social support (P<0. 05). Multivariate linear regression indicated that age, education level, the style of medical cost, course of disease, and social support were statistically significantly associated with the quality of life (P<0. 05). ·CONCLUSION: To improve the quality of life of DR patients, it is essential to reduce the financial burden and increase the social support.

3.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 630-635, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280316

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to understand the enterovirus types and biological features of pediatric cases of HFMD in Sanmenxia City during 2011, and compare the latter to a cohort of healthy children. Stool samples of 55 cases of HFMD and 60 healthy children were collected for the isolation and identification of enteroviruses using RNA extraction and real-time RT-PCR assays. EV71 and CA16 were identified by nucleotide sequencing using virus-specific VP1 primers; for the other enteroviruses, 012/011 and 008/013 primers were used for amplification and sequencing. The results were analysed by sequence alignment with known sequences, and the characteristics of the EV71 VP1 gene were also analyzed. The detection rates for enteroviruses in cases of HFMD and healthy children were 52.73% (29/55) and 18.33% (11/60), respectively. Among these, there were 22 cases of EV71, four cases of CA16 and three cases of other enteroviruses in the cases with HFMD. Eleven healthy children had intestinal viruses, of which nine were Coxsackie B virus strains (81.82%, 9/11). Gene sequencing of the 19 EV71 strains illustrated that they were all subgenotype C4a, but the evolutionary tree showed an obvious clustering between cases from Lingbao City and Lushi County. This study demonstrates that the EV71 subgenotype C4a and CA16 strains were the most common cause of HFMD in Sanmenxia City in 2011, and that Coxsackie B strains were prevalent in healthy children. This finding may indicate that there is a widespread source of recessive infection in the community.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Cities , Epidemiology , Enterovirus A, Human , Classification , Genetics , Female , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Epidemiology , Virology , Humans , Infant , Male , Phylogeny , Viral Proteins , Genetics
4.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014; 27 (6): 1905-1910
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-148836

ABSTRACT

The inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase [HMGCR] is considered able to decrease serum cholesterol levels and dramatically reduce the risk for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The statins, competitive inhibitors of HMGCR, have been employed to control hypercholesterolemia. But their side effects, especially their safety of long-term administration have attracted great attention. Therefore, there is still an urgent requirement for the development of safer inhibitors of HMGCR with less serious side effects. In this study, we cloned and purified the catalytic domain of human HMGCR [delta HMGCR], and applied the method of Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography [UPLC] to assay delta HMGCR activity and screen its inhibitors from natural products. The results indicated that EGCG can inhibit delta HMGCR in the presence of some glycerol in vitro and can decrease cellular total cholesterol in HepG2 cells. As a consequence, it is promising to put EGCG into the development of hypolipidemic health product


Subject(s)
Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Glycerol , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
5.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 34-36, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435775

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of team-based rehabilitation education on daily life ability of old patients having undergone operations on hip fractures.Methods Sixty elderly reconvalescents from operations on hip fractures were equally assigned into the intervention and control groups according to admission sequence:The intervention group received rehabilitation education by community nurses at months 1,3 and 6 and the control group were managed with convalesce at home.The two groups were compared in terms of daily life ability at the three time points. Result The daily life ability of the intervention group was better than that of the control group at all the three time points(P<0.05). Conclusion The team-based rehabilitation education is effective for the enhancement of daily life ability of old patients having undergone operations on hip fractures.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314968

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study transdermal absorption characteristics of eugenol in compound Nanxing pain-relieving cataplasm, and discuss the effect of gaultherolin on the transdermal absorption of the cataplasm.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The improved franz diffusing cell was adopted with hairless mice skins as transdermal carriers. The content of eugenol in receptor liquid, skins and cataplasm were analyzed by HPLC and compared with the cataplasm without gaultherolin.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The penetration rates of eugenol of cataplasms with and without gaultherolin were 13.18 and 9.58 microg x cm(-2) x h(-1), with the retention amount in skins of (185.02 +/- 19.23) and (160.23 +/- 16.54) microg x g(-1) and the retention amount in cataplasms was (1.96 +/- 0.12) and (1.71 +/- 0.15) mg, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Eugenol in compound Nanxing pain-relieving cataplasm has good pereutaoeous permeation. Gaultherolin in the cataplasm prescription can promote the absorption of eugenol.</p>


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Chemistry , Metabolism , Therapeutic Uses , Animals , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Metabolism , Therapeutic Uses , Mice , Pain , Drug Therapy , Salicylates , Chemistry , Skin , Metabolism , Skin Absorption , Time Factors
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350708

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare Cirsium japonicum characteristics with C. leo and C. leducei, along with the content of buddleoside and pectolinarin, and lay the foundation for the quality control of C. japonicum.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Samples were collected and the relevant drugs were bought. The samples were divided into root, stem, leaf and flower, and the content of buddleoside and pectolinarin was determine by the HPLC. Chromatographic column: Waters XBridge C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm), mobile phase: methanol-water (45: 55), measurement wavelength: 326 nm, flow rate: 0.8 mL x min(-1), column temperature: 30 degrees C. RESULT AND CONDUSION: Standard curve equation of buddleoside: Y = 74 064X-47 748, R2 = 0.991. Standard curve equation of pectolinarin: Y = 1 711 64X - 180 707, R2 = 0.999. The content of buddleoside: C. japonicum leaf was 1.987 3%, C. leo leaf 1.412 2%, C. leducei leaf 0.149 2%. The content of buddleoside was lower in root and stem. Pectolinarin was not detected in the C. japonicum and C. leo. The pectolinarin content was 0.069 0% in C. leducei leaf.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromones , Chemistry , Cirsium , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Solubility , Species Specificity
8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2511-2513, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438276

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence and related risk factors of post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) after acci-dents in the Pearl River Delta .Methods Inpatients after accidents from April 2009 to February 2010 in seven hospitals of the Pearl River Delta cities ,such as Guangzhou ,Shenzhen and Zhuhai ,were surveyed with PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) and self-made questionnaire .Results In a total of 554 post traumatic patients ,a prevalence of 28 .5% of PTSD symptoms were found in this region with 7 .8% (marks≥50) of severe degree and 20 .8% (marks :38-49) of mild to moderate degree .In the severe PTSD symptoms group ,the top three items were getting nervous and upset once faced similar situation ,difficulty sleeping or easy to be a-wake ,and the trauma experience caused recurring disturbing memory ,ideas or image .Multivariate analysis showed that female ,una-ble self-care ,incapable of working ,lack help from friends ,multiple injury ,and injury time longer were all associated with the PTSD symptom incidence .Conclusion The prevalence of PTSD symptoms is relatively high in injured patients after accidents in the Pearl River Delta .Early identification and intervention of PTSD symptoms in post-traumatic patients are important for the prevention of PTSD .

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1139-1140, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289566

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mental health situation on men who have sex with men (MSM) among university students.Methods Snowballing method was used to recruit the target people,and to use both symptom checklist (SCL-90) and psychological interview for measurement.SPSS 11.5 and t-test were used for descriptive analysis.Results Measurement of 120 MSM at colleges,the average SCL-90 test appeared as 2.73 (s=0.51).Mental health situation of the MSM who had been out of the ‘closet’ was better than those who had not (t=17.325,P<0.01).Among MSM who had had stable same-sex partners was in better situation than those without (t=7.286,P<0.05).There appeared significant effect in improving the mental health situation of MSM who had received psychological counseling and participating in those activities relevant to psychological assistance (F=31.54,P<0.01).Conclusion Moderate or severe psychological distress often seen in the MSM college students,suggesting that psychological counseling provided to these people was very important.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789518

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Edaravone can alleviate brain injury and improve neurological functions and symptoms. This study aimed to investigate the effect of edaravone on the p38Mitogen-activated protein kinases/Caspase-3 (p38MAPK /Caspase-3) pathway after diffuse brain injury (DBI) in rats. METHODS: DBI models were established according to the description of Marmarou's method. A total of 250 rats were divided (random number) into four groups: control group (CG, n=45), model group (MG, n=77), low-dose edaravone group (n=67, dosage 5 mg/kg) and high-dose edaravone group (n=61, dosage 10 mg/kg). After 1, 6, 24, 48, and 72 hours after injury, brain tissues were collected. The changes of neuron morphous in the hippocampal region were observed through Nissl staining. The expression levels of phosphorylated p38MAPK and caspase-3 were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting respectively. Learning and memory function were tested with Morris water maze from the 3rd to 7th day after injury. RESULTS: Some neurons had histopathologic changes of necrosis and apoptosis in the model group compared with the control group. The phosphorylated p38MAPK expressions increased at 1, 6, 4, and 48 hours (P<0.05), but no significant difference was observed at 72 hours (0.54±0.19 vs. 0.40±0.14, P>0.05). Caspase-3 expressions increased at 6, 24, 48, and 72 hours respectively (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference at 1 hour (0.59±0.29 vs. 0.40±0.17, P>0.05). From the 3rd to 6th day during the Morris water maze test, the latency to find the platform was significantly prolonged (P<0.05) and times of rats crossing the platform was decreased on the 7th day (2.28±1.18 vs. 8.20±1.52, P<0.05). The phosphorylated p38MAPK expressions decreased at 6, 24 and 48 hours respectively in the low dose edaravone group compared with the model group (P<0.05), whereas no significant difference was seen at 1 hour (1.66±0.80 vs. 1.85±0.86, P>0.05). Caspase-3 expression decreased at 6, 24, 48, and 72 hours (P<0.05). The latency to find the platform was significantly shortened (P<0.05), and times of rats crossing the platform increased (4.17±1.15 vs. 2.28±1.18, P<0.05). The above mentioned parameters changed more significantly in the high-dose edaravone group than in the low-dose edaravone group. CONCLUSION: Edaravone can alleviate brain tissue damage after DBI, inhibit p38MAP signal activation after early injury, reduce the expression of caspase-3, and promote the recovery of neurological function in the late period.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642172

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the diagnostic value of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and 64 multi-slice spiral CT (64-MSCT) for coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods Fifty-two patients with suspected or known CAD were included in the study. Each patient underwent both stress and rest MPI,MSCT as well as conventional coronary angiography (CAG) within 1 month. The stress and rest MPI were scored by a 5-grade criteria (0 ~ 4) based on 17 coronary artery segments. The difference between summed stress and rest scores > 1 was defined as myocardial ischemia. Stenosis in one main vessel or one main branch of the main vessel ≥50% was defined as myocardial ischemia by MSCT. CAG was used as the reference for comparison. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 13. 0 software. Kappa value was used to test the accordance of MPI and MSCT results. X2 test was used to evaluate the difference between MPI and MSCT results. Results The patient-based sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and accuracy of MPI and MSCT for the diagnosis of CAD were 86.7% (26/30), 77.3% ( 17/22),83.9% (26/31), 81.0% ( 17/21), 82.7% (43/52) and 83.3% ( 25/30), 86.4% ( 19/22), 89.3%( 25/28), 79.2% ( 19/24), 84.6% (44/52), respectively. The vessel-based sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and accuracy of MPI and MSCT were 74.5% (38/51), 81.0% (85/105 ), 65.5% (38/58), 86.7% ( 85/98), 78.8% ( 123/156 ) and 90.2% (46/51 ), 88.6% ( 93/105 ),79.3 % (46/58), 94.9% (93/98), 89.1% ( 139/156), respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between MPI and MSCT for either patient or lesion-based diagnosis (X2 =0.44, 0.21, both P >0.05 ). 96.0% (24/25) patients with both abnormal MPI and MSCT positive were valified by CAG while 83.3% (15/18) patients with both MPI and MSCT negative were excluded by CAG. Conclusions Both MPI and MSCT are reliable diagnostic modalities for CAD. They also provide complementary diagnostic value to each other.

12.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 240-243, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272913

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the interface characteristics of the new-designed locking plate (LP) and limited contact-dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) and compare the fracture healing between LP and LC-DCP in a goat tibia fracture model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eight-hole LP and LC-DCP were applied to fix fresh goat tibiae in a reproducible manner. The average pressure, force and interface contact area were calculated using Fuji prescale pressure sensitive film interposed among the plate and the bone and image analysis system. Eight-hole LP and LC-DCP were applied to each tibia in a goat tibia fracture model. The fracture healing was evaluated by X-ray photography at postoperative 8 weeks. The goats were sacrificed at postoperative 12 weeks. Three-point bending test was conducted in the tibiae.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The interface contact of LP system was smaller than that of LC-DCP (P < 0.05), while interface contact force of LP system was higher than that of LC-DCP (P < 0.05). Radiographs revealed that the fracture line disappeared in the LP group, while the fracture line was visible in DCP group at postoperative 8 weeks. At postoperative 12 weeks, the bending strength and bending load of fractured tibia were higher in LP group than in DCP group, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new-designed locking plate can significantly decrease the contact area on the bone interface, which further provides better fracture healing than conventional plates.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Goats , Internal Fixators , Tibia , Tibial Fractures , General Surgery
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1472-1474, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and efficacy of sonographically guided percutaneous intralesional sclerotherapy for peripheral venous malformations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2004 to October 2007, 32 patients with venous malformations of soft tissues were treated with sonographically guided intralesional sclerotherapy. The malformed venous space was identified intraoperatively by duplex scanning, the gauge 7 needle was inserted into this venous space under real-time ultrasound visualization, and sclerosants were infused in the space gently. Absolute alcohol and bleomycin acted as sclerosants here, combined the two (for type I malformation) or bleomycin only (for type II malformation). The treatment could be repeated if the lesion was not cured in 3 weeks. All patients were followed up for 6 months to 2 years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the group, each patient received 1 - 6 times of the therapy (mean, 3 times). Twenty-seven patients achieved a complete response, and 5 achieved partial response. No major complications occurred.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Sonographically guided percutaneous intralesional sclerotherapy for peripheral venous malformation is a simple, effective, safe therapy with minimal invasion, lower morbidity rate, and can be repeated.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sclerosing Solutions , Sclerotherapy , Ultrasonography , Vascular Malformations , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Veins , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnostic Imaging
14.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 171-176, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236787

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct tissue-engineered neural complex in vitro and study its effect in repairing acutely injured spinal cord in adult rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Neural stem cells were harvested from the spinal cord of embryo rats and propagated in vitro. Then the neural stem cells were seeded into polyglycolic acid scaffolds and co-cultured with extract of embryonic spinal cord in vitro. Immunofluorescence histochemistry and scanning electron microscope were used to observe the microstructure of this complex. Animal model of spine semi-transection was made and tissue-engineered neural complex was implanted by surgical intervention. Six weeks after transplantation, functional evaluation and histochemistry were applied to evaluate the functional recovery and anatomic reconstruction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The tissue-engineered neural complex had a distinct structure, which contained neonatal neurons, oligodendrocytes and astrocytes. After tissue-engineered neural complex was implanted into the injured spinal cord, the cell components such as neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, could survive and keep on developing. The adult rats suffering from spinal cord injury got an obvious neurological recovery in motor skills.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The tissue-engineered neural complex appears to have therapeutic effects on the functional recovery and anatomic reconstruction of the adult rats with spinal cord injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord Injuries , General Surgery , Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Tissue Engineering , Methods
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297123

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinic application of compound flap pedicled with arterial arch of palpebral margin in repairing severe full defect of eyelid.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to eyelid structure and the defect size, the two compound flaps were designed beside the defect based on the arterial arch of the palpebral margin. If the defective area was too large, the lateral compound flap may be extended to lower or upper eyelid 0.5 cm away from the outer canthus, then cut and propelled the two compound flaps to repair the full eyelid defect.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>20 cases had been cured with this method since 1998. In this cases, 4 cases were basal cell carcinoma of eyelid, 2 cases were squamous carcinoma, 3 angiomas, 6 chromatophore nexuses, 3 traumatic defects, 2 congenital defects. The largest length of eyelid full defect was 1.7 cm and the smallest was 0.8 cm. 6 cases were upper eyelid defect and 14 cases were lower eyelid defect. All the compound flaps survived completely without any complications. All cases obtained satisfactory results functionally and esthetically.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Repairing full eyelid defect with the compound eyelid flap is the same kind tissue repairing. It can not only provide enough tissues to primary repair large full defect of the upper or lower eyelid to restore normal anatomical structure and appearance of the eyelid, but also is easy to be operated without severe secondary deformities. The arterial arch of the palpebral margin is constant and the blood supply of the compound flap is reliable. It is an ideal method of repairing the eyelid defect.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Eyelids , Transplantation , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Ophthalmic Artery , Transplantation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Surgical Flaps
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255123

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) on the pathogenesis of human keloid.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CTGF antisense oligonucleotides (ASODN) conjugated with isothiocyanate fluorescence was encapsulated by liposome, and then added into the human keloid fibroblast (HKF) culturing media. The intracellular distribution of CTGF ASODN was observed with fluorescence microscopy in the fixed HKF. The proliferation of HKF was measured by MIT test. The apoptosis of HKF was measured with a flow cytometer. The collagen synthesis of HKF was measured by using H3-proline incorporation method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The CTGF ASODN inhibited the proliferation and collagen synthesis of the HKF, compared with the control, but it increased the apoptosis after the transfection (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CTGF ASODN may has anti-fibrotic effects on human keloid in vitro, and the CTGF may play an important role in promoting the fibrosis of human keloid.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Genetics , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Humans , Keloid , Metabolism , Pathology , Oligonucleotides, Antisense , Genetics , Transfection
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327291

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of connective tissue growth factor on the pathogenesis of human hypertrophic scar.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Normal skin and hypertrophic scar fibroblasts were cultured in vitro. The collagen synthesis of fibroblasts were measured by H3-proline incorporation method. The expression of connective tissue growth factor protein and mRNA of fibroblasts were detected with immunocytochemistry staining and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with normal skin fibroblast, the collagen synthesis and the expression of connective tissue growth factor protein and mRNA in the hypertrophic scar fibroblast was higher (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Connective tissue growth factor may play an important role in promoting the fibrotic process of hypertrophic scar.</p>


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Collagen , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Fibroblasts , Metabolism , Pathology , Gene Expression , Humans , Immediate-Early Proteins , Genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
18.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 72-75, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352218

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the role of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in the pathogenesis of human keloid.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human keloid fibroblasts (HKF) were isolated from human keloid and cultured in vitro. The cells were then divided into 3 groups according to different processing, i.e. ASODN treatment (AT), in which phosphorothioate CTGF antisense oligonucleotides (ASODN) labeled by fluorescent isothiocyananate were transfected into the HKFs by liposome; liposome control (LC, with liposome only); control groups (without liposome or ASODN). The distribution of CTGF ASODN in all groups of cells was observed under fluorescent microscope. The CTGF mRNA index (RI) of HKF was assessed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction method (RT-PCR). The collagen synthesis of HKF was assessed by (3)H-proline incorporation method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A large amount of fluorescence could be observed in the cytoplasm of HKFs in AT 12 hours after transfection, but not in LC and C groups. The CTGF mRNA index of HKF in AT group 48 hours after transfection was significantly lower than that in LC and C groups (0.12 +/- 0.62 vs 0.51 +/- 0.18 vs 0.54 +/- 0.35, P < 0.01). The (3)H-proline incorporation rate in AT group (108.96 +/- 79.05) was lower than that in LC and C groups (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of CTGF gene and collagen synthesis of the cultured HKF could be inhibited by CTGF ASODN, implying that CTGF played a role in the development of excessive fibrosis of human keloid.</p>


Subject(s)
Collagen , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Fibroblasts , Metabolism , Humans , Immediate-Early Proteins , Genetics , Physiology , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Genetics , Physiology , Keloid , Metabolism , Oligonucleotides, Antisense , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Transfection
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256454

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate a pudendal-thigh island flap for vaginal reconstruction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-seven patients with congenital absence of vagina were undergoing the treatment. Based on the pedicle including the posterior labial neurovascular bundle, a pudendal-thigh island flap was designed and raised in the groin crease just lateral to the labia majora under the deep fascia. It was then transferred to the tunnel between the urethra and the anus for reconstruction of the vagina.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>From May of 1993 to July of 2001, 47 patients were successfully treated for the vaginal reconstruction with the flap. The results were satisfactory without complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The above mentioned technique could be a safe and effect method for vaginal reconstruction with the advantages of reliable blood supply, good sensation and few complications. The areaes with the bilateral pudendal-thigh could be large enongh for the vaginal reconstruction without problem of the donor closure.</p>


Subject(s)
Fasciotomy , Female , Groin , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Methods , Humans , Male , Surgical Flaps , Thigh , Urethra , Vagina , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery , Vulva , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery
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