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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 833-838, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013183

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics and gene variants of 2 pedigrees of non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 related diseases (MYH9-RD) in children. Methods: The basic information, clinical features, gene variants and laboratory tests of MYH9-RD patients from 2 pedigrees confirmed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in November 2021 and July 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. "Non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 related disease" "MYH9" and "children" were used as key words to search at Pubmed database, CNKI and Wanfang database up to February 2023. The MYH9-RD gene variant spectrum and clinical data were analyzed and summarized. Results: Proband 1 (male, 11 years old) sought medical attention due to epistaxis, the eldest sister and second sister of proband 1 only showed excessive menstrual bleeding, the skin and mucous membrane of the their mother were prone to ecchymosis after bumping, the uncle of proband 1 had kidney damage, and the maternal grandmother and maternal great-grandmother of proband 1 had a history of cataracts. There were 7 cases of phenotypic abnormalities in this pedigree. High-throughput sequencing showed that the proband 1 MYH9 gene had c.279C>G (p.N93K) missense variant, and family verification analysis showed that the variant was inherited from the mother. A total of 4 patients including proband 1 and family members were diagnosed with MYH9-RD. The proband 2 (female, 1 year old) sought medical attention duo to fever and cough, and the father's physical examination revealed thrombocytopenia. There were 2 cases of phenotypic abnormalities in this pedigree. High-throughput sequencing showed that there was a c.4270G>A (p.D1424N) missense variant in the proband 2 MYH9 gene, and family verification analysis showed that the variant was inherited from the father. A total of 2 patients including proband 2 and his father were diagnosed with MYH9-RD. A total of 99 articles were retrieved, including 32 domestic literatures and 67 foreign literatures. The MYH9-RD cases totaled 149 pedigrees and 197 sporadic patients, including 2 pedigrees in our study. There were 101 cases with complete clinical data, including 62 sporadic cases and 39 pedigrees. There were 56 males and 45 females, with an average age of 6.9 years old. The main clinical manifestations were thrombocytopenia, skin ecchymosis, and epistaxis. Most patients didn't receive special treatment after diagnosis. Six English literatures related to MYH9-RD caused by c.279C>G mutation in MYH9 gene were retrieved. Italy reported the highest number of cases (3 cases). Twelve literatures related to MYH9-RD caused by c.4270G>A mutation in MYH9 gene were retrieved. China reported the highest number of cases (9 cases). Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of patients in the MYH9-RD pedigrees varied greatly. MYH9 gene c.279C>G and c.4270G>A mutations are the cause of MYH9-RD.


Subject(s)
Infant , Humans , Female , Male , Child , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Ecchymosis , Epistaxis , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies , Muscular Diseases , Thrombocytopenia , Cytoskeletal Proteins
2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 446-452, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985889

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical data and prognosis of children with Philadelphia chromosome-like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph-like ALL) common genes. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study.Clinical data of 56 children with Ph-like ALL common gene cases (Ph-like ALL positive group) treated from January 2017 to January 2022 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Children's Hospital, Henan Cancer's Hospital and Henan Provincial People's Hospital were collected, 69 children with other high-risk B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) at the same time and the same age were selected as the negative group. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of two groups were analyzed retrospectively. Comparisons between groups were performed using Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival curve, Log-Rank test was used for univariate analysis, and the Cox regression model was used for multivariate prognosis analysis. Results: Among 56 Ph-like ALL positive patients, there were 30 males and 26 females, and 15 cases were over 10 years old. There were 69 patients in Ph-like ALL negative group. Compared with the negative group, the children in positive group were older (6.4 (4.2, 11.2) vs. 4.7 (2.8, 8.4) years), and hyperleukocytosis (≥50×109/L) was more common (25% (14/56) vs. 9% (6/69)), the differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05). In the Ph-like ALL positive group, 32 cases were positive for IK6 (1 case was co-expressed with IK6 and EBF1-PDGFRB), 24 cases were IK6-negative, of which 9 cases were CRLF2 positive (including 2 cases with P2RY8-CRLF2, 7 cases with CRLF2 high expression), 5 cases were PDGFRB rearrangement, 4 cases were ABL1 rearrangement, 4 cases were JAK2 rearrangement, 1 case was ABL2 rearrangement and 1 case was EPOR rearrangement. The follow-up time of Ph-like ALL positive group was 22 (12, 40) months, and 32 (20, 45) months for negative group. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate of positive group was significantly lower than the negative group ((72±7) % vs. (86±5) %, χ2=4.59, P<0.05). Compared with the 24 IK6-negative patients, the 3-year event free survival (EFS) rate of 32 IK6 positive patients was higher, the difference was statistically significant ((88±9) % vs. (65±14) %, χ2=5.37, P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the bone marrow minimal residual disease (MRD) not turning negative at the end of first induction (HR=4.12, 95%CI 1.13-15.03) independent prognostic risk factor for patient with Ph-like ALL common genes. Conclusions: Children with Ph-like ALL common genes were older than other high-risk B-ALL patients at diagnosis, with high white blood cells and lower survival rate. The bone marrow MRD not turning negative at the end of first induction were independent prognostic risk factor for children with Ph-like ALL common gene.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Prognosis , Philadelphia Chromosome , Retrospective Studies , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor beta/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual
3.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 108-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935652

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, survival and prognostic risk factors of children with hepatoblastoma (HB). Methods: Clinical data of 83 children with newly treated HB at the Department of Hematology and Oncology, Children's Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2012 to October 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The sex, age, first clinical manifestations, pretreatment extent of disease (PRETEXT) stages, pathological types, initial alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), treatment methods and treatment outcome of all patients were summarized. The children diagnosed before 2018 were treated with "Wuhan Protocol", and those who diagnosed after 2018 were treated with the "Expert Consensus for Multidisciplinary Management of Hepatoblastoma"(CCCG-HB-2016) protocol. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to calculate the survival rate, Log-Rank test was used in univariate analysis, and the Cox regression model was used in multivariate prognosis analysis. Results: Among 83 cases, there were 51 males and 32 females. The age of onset was 25.2 (9.0, 34.0) months old, and 64 cases (77%) were under 3 years old. The most common first clinical manifestation was abdominal mass in 45 cases (54%). There were 8 cases of PRETEXT stage Ⅰ, 43 cases of stage Ⅱ, 20 cases of stage Ⅲ and 12 cases of stage Ⅳ. During the follow-up period of 40 (17, 63) months, the 1-year overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate were (84±4) % and (79±5) %, respectively, and 5-year OS rate and EFS rate were (78±5) % and (76±5) %, respectively. Fifty-five cases were treated with "Wuhan Protocol", and the 5-year OS and EFS rate were (73±6) % and (71±6) %, respectively. Twenty-eight cases were treated with CCCG-HB-2016 protocol, and the 5-year OS and EFS rate were (88±7) % and (82±9) %, respectively. Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that AFP did not turn negative after 3 courses of postoperative chemotherapy (HR=9.228, 95%CI 1.017-83.692) and PRETEXT stage Ⅳ (HR=6.587, 95%CI 1.687-25.723) were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of children with HB. Conclusions: The "Wuhan Protocol" and CCCG-HB-2016 protocol were effective in the treatment of children with HB. AFP did not turn negative after 3 courses of postoperative chemotherapy and PRETEXT stage Ⅳ were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of children with HB.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Hepatoblastoma/drug therapy , Liver Neoplasms , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1365-1369, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325258

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to identify new biomarkers for early diagnosis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The total protein samples of ALL cells and normal peripheral lymphocytic cells were extracted respectively. The two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE), matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight-mass spectrometer (MALDI-TOF-MS) and database searching were used to identified differentially upregulated proteins, the S-P immunohistochemical method was performed for confirming and validating these proteins. The results indicated that two differentially upregulated proteins were preliminarily identified as glutathione S-transferase P (GST-P) and prohibitin (PHB) in ALL group. The immunohistochemistry detection revealed that the positive ratio of GST-P/PHB in ALL group was statistically higher than that in control group. It is concluded that GST-P and PHB may become the promising diagnostic biomarkers and drug targets for childhood patients with ALL.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Biomarkers, Tumor , Allergy and Immunology , Case-Control Studies , Early Detection of Cancer , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Immunophenotyping , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Proteomics , Methods , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Methods
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