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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781770

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the epidemiologic characteristics of acupuncturists who are sensitive to stimulation of moxa smoke, which could provide further direction for safety protection of exerting moxibustion and to further verify the feasibility of internet survey.@*METHODS@#A self-made questionnaire regarding body response to moxa smoke was established, which was used to conduct a face-to-face survey among acupuncturists who had performed long-term moxibustion. The Logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors affecting the stimulation response of acupuncturists and the epidemiological characteristics of acupuncturists was obtained.@*RESULTS@#A total of 733 valid data was obtained. The multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the history of chronic respiratory disease was the main risk factor of stimulus response including cough, phlegm in the throat, asthma, dyspnea, shortness of breath and nasal dryness after exposure to moxa smoke (<0.05, <0.01). The risk of stimulus response such as cough, tearing and nasal dryness was higher in women than in men (<0.05, <0.01). The risk of dry eyes and eyes pain in smokers was higher than those in non-smokers (<0.05). The risk of shortness of breath in those who were exposed to second-hand smoke was higher than those who were not exposed to second-hand smoke (<0.05). The analysis of index trend line showed that the results of internet survey were similar to those of face-to-face survey.@*CONCLUSION@#The stimulus response of acupuncturist after long-term exposure to moxa smoke is related to the history of chronic respiratory disease, being female, smoking or exposure of second-hand smoke, therefore more attention should be paid to those populations. In addition, the internet survey can be used for the epidemiological investigation of safety of moxa smoke.


Subject(s)
Cough , Female , Humans , Male , Moxibustion , Mucus , Smoke , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828024

ABSTRACT

To scientifically evaluate the intervention effect of Chinese medicine preventive administration(combined use of Huo-xiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) on community population in the case of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), a large cohort, prospective, randomized, and parallel-controlled clinical study was conducted. Total 22 065 subjects were included and randomly divided into 2 groups. The non-intervention group was given health guidance only, while the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) intervention group was given two coordinated TCM in addition to health guidance. The medical instructions were as follows. Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid: oral before meals, 10 mL/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days. Jinhao Jiere Granules: dissolve in boiling water and take after meals, 8 g/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days, followed up for 14 days, respectively. The study found that with the intake of medication, the incidence rate of TCM intervention group was basically maintained at a low and continuous stable level(0.01%-0.02%), while the non-intervention group showed an overall trend of continuous growth(0.02%-0.18%) from 3 to 14 days. No suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case occurred in either group. There were 2 cases of colds in the TCM intervention group and 26 cases in the non-intervention group. The incidence of colds in the TCM intervention group was significantly lower(P<0.05) than that in the non-intervention group. In the population of 16-60 years old, the incidence rate of non-intervention and intervention groups were 0.01% and 0.25%, respectively. The difference of colds incidence between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). In the population older than 60 years old, they were 0.04% and 0.21%, respectively. The incidence of colds in the non-intervention group was higher than that in the intervention group, but not reaching statistical difference. The protection rate of TCM for the whole population was 91.8%, especially for the population of age 16-60(95.0%). It was suggested that TCM intervention(combined use of Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) could effectively protect community residents against respiratory diseases, such as colds, which was worthy of promotion in the community. In addition, in terms of safety, the incidence of adverse events and adverse reactions in the TCM intervention group was relatively low, which was basically consistent with the drug instructions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826682

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical therapeutic effect of light and heat of moxibustion for knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#A total of 216 patients with KOA were randomized into a traditional moxibustion group (72 cases, 8 cases dropped off), a moxibustion light group (72 cases, 9 cases dropped off) and a moxibustion heat group (72 cases, 10 cases dropped off).The special light-heat separation moxibustion cup was applied, the patients in the traditional moxibustion group received the treatment of moxibustion, the patients in the moxibustion light group received the treatment of moxibustion light and the patients in the moxibustion heat group received the treatment of moxibustion heat. The acupoint selection of the three groups was Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Dubi (ST 35) and Zusanli (ST 36), the treatment was given 20 min each time, 3 times a week, 4 weeks were required totally, and the follow-up surveys were made 4 and 8 weeks after treatment. The scores of Western Ontario and McMaster University osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were observed before treatment, after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment, 4 and 8 weeks after treatment. The therapeutic effects were evaluated according to the criterion of patient global assessment (PGA) after 4 weeks of treatment and 8 weeks after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before treatment, the pain scores, stiffness scores, physical function scores and total scores of WOMAC were reduced after 2, 4 weeks of treatment and 4 weeks after treatment in the three groups (<0.05). The pain scores, stiffness scores, physical function scores and total scores of WOMAC were reduced 8 weeks after treatment in the traditional moxibustion group and the moxibustion heat group (<0.05). The stiffness score, physical function score and total score of WOMAC were reduced 8 weeks after treatment in the moxibustion light group (<0.05). The pain score, physical function score and total score of WOMAC in the traditional moxibustion group after 4 weeks of treatment were lower than the moxibustion light group (<0.05). Compared with before treatment, the VAS scores were reduced after 2, 4 weeks of treatment and 4 , 8 weeks after treatment in the three groups (<0.05). The improvement rates in the traditional moxibustion group and the moxibustion heat group after 4 weeks of treatment and 8 weeks after treatment were superior to the moxibustion light group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The light and heat of moxibustion have therapeutic effect for KOA, and the therapeutic effect of moxibustion heat is superior to moxibustion light.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Hot Temperature , Humans , Light , Moxibustion , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286307

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore possible mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) for regulating immune function in anxiety disorder (AD) rats by observing the effect of acupuncture on the histology of thymus and expressions of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and natriuretic peptide receptor type A (NPR- A) in thymus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 34 SD healthy rats were randomly divided into the blank control group (n = 10), the model group (n = 12), the EA group (n = 12). Anxiety model was established in rats of the model group and the EA group by using chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) stimulation. EA (15/25 Hz) at Neiguan (PC6) and Shenmen (HT7) was performed in the EA group, with 15-min needle retaining, once every other day, 15 days in total. Needle was fixed at same acupoints for 15 min without electric stimulus in the other two groups. Anxiety-like behavior was measured by elevated plus-maze (EPM) test. Pathological changes of thymus tissue were observed by optical microscope. Expressions of ANP and NPR-A in thymus were measured by immunohistochemical assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The thymus tissue in the model group was severely atrophied, with unclear structure of thymic lobules, unclear margin of thymic medulla, loosely arranged lymphocytes ,and obviously enlarged volume of thymic corpuscle. The thymus tissue in the EA group was mildly atrophied, with existent structure of thymic lobules, clear margin of thymic medulla, densely arranged lymphocytes in cortical region, and widened medullary area. Com- pared with the blank control group, the percentage of open-arms entries (OE%) in the total QE times ob- viously decreased in the model group (P < 0.05), ANP expression obviously increased (P < 0.05), and NPR-A expression obviously decreased (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, OE% was obviously elevated (P < 0.05), ANP expression obviously decreased (P < 0.05), and NPR-A expression obviously increased (P < 0.01) in the EA group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EA not only could reduce anxiety of rats, but also could improve chronic stress induced thymus injury through intervening synthesis and secretion of ANP, as well as the expression of NPR-A (a specific receptor of ANP).</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Anxiety Disorders , Therapeutics , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Metabolism , Electroacupuncture , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Metabolism , Thymus Gland , Pathology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337277

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe different effects of moxibustion on extracellular potassium ion in acupoint under physiological and pathological status and provide experimental evidence for exploring action mechanism of moxibustion on acupoint local.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty female SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a blank-moxibustion group, a model group and a model-moxibustion group, 10 cases in each one. The complete Freund's adjuvant(CFA) was adopted to establish model of adjuvant arthritis (AA) in the model group and model-moxibustion group. No treatment was given in the blank group and model group while moxibustion was applied at "Zusan-li" (ST 36) for 30 min in the blank-moxibustion group and model-moxibustion group. The tissue fluid in "Zusanli" (ST 36) was collected with microdialysis and real-time analyzed by electrolytic analyzer. The change of concentration of potassium ion in "Zusanli" (ST 36) was observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Under physiological status, the concentration of extracellular potassium ion in the blank group was not changed within 150 min (P > 0.05); before the moxibustion, the concentration of extracellular potassium ion in the blank-moxibustion group was (1.21 +/- 0.31) mmol/L, and after treatment it was gradually increased and reached its peak at (2.38 +/- 0.42) mmol/L after 60 min (P < 0.05), then it was reduced. 150 min after the treatment, concentration of potassium ion was slightly higher than that before moxibustion as well as that in the blank group. The concentration in the blank-moxibustion group at 60 min was statistically significant compared with that in the blank group (P < 0.05). (2) Under pathological status, the concentration of extracellular potassium ion in the model group was not changed within 150 min, differences of which at each time point was not statistically significant (all P > 0.05). Before the moxibustion, the concentration of extracellular potassium ion was (1.09 +/- 0.12) mmol/L in the model-moxibustion group, and it was immediately increased to (1.96 +/- 0.18) mmol/L after moxibustion. 60 min and 90 min after the moxibustion, it still maintained a higher level, which was (1.87 +/- 0.29) mmol/L and (1.59 +/- 0.16) mmol/L respectively (both P < 0.05). The differences of each time point after moxibustion in the model-moxibustion group were statistically significant compared with those in the model group (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The moxibustion could increase the concentration of potassium ion in rat's acupoint local under physiological status but time of effect is short; with moxibustion at "Zusanli" (ST 36) under pathological status, the concentration of local potassium ion is obviously increased and maintains for a long time.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Arthritis, Experimental , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Potassium , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271376

ABSTRACT

The origin, manipulations, including needling tools, postures of patients, selection of points, sterilization and specific manipulations, indications, instructions and contraindications of oral and lip acupuncture are sorted and summarized. It lays foundation to the national standard of oral acupuncture manipulations. It is also supposed to be adopted as clinical practice standard, and is going to be popularized in clinics.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Lip , Physiology , Mouth , Physiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230442

ABSTRACT

Standardized Manipulation of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Part 8: Intradermal Needle was compiled with the following principles. The compiling standard, technical features and clinic manipulations of intradermal needle were taken as the basic principle for compiling. Literature research, expert survey and clinic practice verification were applied as the drafting methods. The key issues were focused on the relationship between standardization and individualization, normalization and effectiveness, qualification and quantification. And the postural selection, reinforcing and reducing manipulations, fixing materials and embedding duration involved in intradermal needling were emphasized particularly. At the same time, details and the future way of thinking of intradermal needle were expounded in this article as well.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Reference Standards , China , Humans , Moxibustion , Reference Standards , Needles , Reference Standards , Reference Standards
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254890

ABSTRACT

The dynamic character of acupoint has been observed extensively, but it is rarely analyzed systematically. The aim of this paper is to analyze the essence of this unique dynamic character of acupoint based on old and modern research literatures. Modern studies are summarized on qi and blood changes on the same acupoint at different times, in different physiological and pathological conditions and different syndrome types. On the basis of the literatures, the scientific base of dynamic character of acupoint is explored preliminarily. The authors propose that the dynamic character of acupoint should be focus on the modern theory of acupuncture and clinical treatment and modern preventive medicine, and the authors also put forward ideas and prospect on the essence, basis and application direction of dynamic character of acupoint.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Blood Circulation , Humans , Qi
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267248

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the effect-increasing action of rolling needle therapy on insomnia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-four cases were randomly divided into a rolling needle treatment group and a control group, 32 cases in each group. The control group were treated with oral administration of clonazepam 4 mg, once each night, for 4 consecutive weeks. The rolling needle therapy group were treated with the same treatment as the control group, plus the rolling needle stimulation of the back. The therapeutic effect was assessed by effective rate of sleep improvement and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment there was a significant difference between the two groups in the score of PSQI (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The rolling needle therapy can increase the improving action of clonazepam on insomnia, and increase life quality of the patient.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Needles , Sleep , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258966

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the time law of electroacupuncture in regulation of circadian rhythms of the organism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Effects of electroacupuncture at "Shenshu" (BL 23) at Zi, Wu, Mao and You periods on circadian rhythms of locomotor activity and core body temperature in hamsters were observed with chronobiological research methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Electroacupuncture at Wu period could decrease the amplitude of locomotor activity rhythm (P < 0.05), at Mao period could delay the peak phase of circadian rhythm and at You period could advance the peak phase of circadian rhythm (both P < 0.05); and electroacupuncture at Mao period could delay 22.36 degrees and at You period advance 39.32 degrees for the rhythm peak of the circadian rhythm of core body temperature.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture has a certain effect on circadian rhythm of locomotor activity and core body temperature.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Body Temperature , Body Temperature Regulation , Circadian Rhythm , Cricetinae , Motor Activity
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1502-1506, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291891

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Bell's palsy involves acute facial paralysis due to inflammation of the facial nerve. Acupuncture and moxibustion (acu-moxi) is beneficial in treating facial palsy. In order to verify the efficacy of acu-moxi on Bell's palsy, a randomized single-blind, multicenter clinical trial was performed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 480 patients from four clinical centers were involved in this trial, of whom 439 completed the trial and 41 did not. All patients were randomly assigned to either the control group or to one of two treatment groups. The control group was treated with prednisone, vitamin B1, vitamin B12, and dibazole; the treatment groups were treated either with acu-moxi alone or in combination with prednisone, Vitamin B1, vitamin B12, and dibazole. Symptoms and signs, the House-Brackmann scale, and facial disability index (FDI) scores were assessed and determined both pre- and post-treatment to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The characteristics of the control and two treatment groups were comparable without statistically significant differences before treatment. There were significant differences between the control and treatment groups after treatment (chi(2) = 15.265, P = 0.018). According to evaluations based on the House-Brackmann scale and FDI scores, the effectiveness of treatment in the two treatment groups was better than in the control group and was most effective in patients receiving acu-moxi treatment alone (Z = -2.827, P = 0.005).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The efficacy of acu-moxi treatment for Bell's palsy is verified scientifically.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Aged , Bell Palsy , Therapeutics , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Moxibustion , Treatment Outcome
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