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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 418-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of 11 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with t (14;19) (q32;q13) . Methods: The case data of 11 patients with CLL with t (14;19) (q32;q13) in the chromosome karyotype analysis results of the Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1, 2018, to July 30, 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: In all 11 patients, t (14;19) (q32;q13) involved IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, and most of them were accompanied by +12 or complex karyotype. An immunophenotypic score of 4-5 was found in 7 patients and 3 in 4 cases. We demonstrated that CLLs with t (14;19) (q32;q13) had a mutational pattern with recurrent mutations in NOTCH1 (3/7), FBXW7 (3/7), and KMT2D (2/7). The very-high-risk, high-risk, intermediate-risk, and low-risk groups consisted of 1, 1, 6, and 3 cases, respectively. Two patients died, 8 survived, and 2 were lost in follow-up. Four patients had disease progression or relapse during treatment. The median time to the first therapy was 1 month. Conclusion: t (14;19) (q32;q13), involving IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, is a rare recurrent cytogenetic abnormality in CLL, which is associated with a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 380-387, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984633

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the current status of diagnosis and treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) /small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) among hematologists, oncologists, and lymphoma physicians from hospitals of different levels in China. Methods: This multicenter questionnaire survey was conducted from March 2021 to July 2021 and included 1,000 eligible physicians. A combination of face-to-face interviews and online questionnaire surveys was used. A standardized questionnaire regarding the composition of patients treated for CLL/SLL, disease diagnosis and prognosis evaluation, concomitant diseases, organ function evaluation, treatment selection, and Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor was used. Results: ①The interviewed physicians stated that the proportion of male patients treated for CLL/SLL is higher than that of females, and the age is mainly concentrated in 61-70 years old. ②Most of the interviewed physicians conducted tests, such as bone marrow biopsies and immunohistochemistry, for patient diagnosis, in addition to the blood test. ③Only 13.7% of the interviewed physicians fully grasped the initial treatment indications recommended by the existing guidelines. ④In terms of cognition of high-risk prognostic factors, physicians' knowledge of unmutated immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable and 11q- is far inferior to that of TP53 mutation and complex karyotype, which are two high-risk prognostic factors, and only 17.1% of the interviewed physicians fully mastered CLL International Prognostic Index scoring system. ⑤Among the first-line treatment strategy, BTK inhibitors are used for different types of patients, and physicians have formed a certain understanding that BTK inhibitors should be preferentially used in patients with high-risk factors and elderly patients, but the actual use of BTK inhibitors in different types of patients is not high (31.6%-46.0%). ⑥BTK inhibitors at a reduced dose in actual clinical treatment were used by 69.0% of the physicians, and 66.8% of the physicians had interrupted the BTK inhibitor for >12 days in actual clinical treatment. The use of BTK inhibitors is reduced or interrupted mainly because of adverse reactions, such as atrial fibrillation, severe bone marrow suppression, hemorrhage, and pulmonary infection, as well as patients' payment capacity and effective disease progression control. ⑦Some differences were found in the perceptions and behaviors of hematologists and oncologists regarding the prognostic assessment of CLL/SLL, the choice of treatment options, the clinical use of BTK inhibitors, etc. Conclusion: At present, a gap remains between the diagnosis and treatment of CLL/SLL among Chinese physicians compared with the recommendations in the guidelines regarding the diagnostic criteria, treatment indications, prognosis assessment, accompanying disease assessment, treatment strategy selection, and rational BTK inhibitor use, especially the proportion of dose reduction or BTK inhibitor discontinuation due to high adverse events.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Aged , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Immunohistochemistry , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/therapeutic use
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 215-220, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929560

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of dose-enhanced immunochemotherapy followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in young patients with newly diagnosed high-risk aggressive B-cell lymphoma. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to examine the clinical and survival data of young patients with high-risk aggressive B-cell lymphoma who received dose-enhanced immunochemotherapy and ASCT as first-line treatment between January 2011 and December 2018 in Blood Diseases Hospital. Results: A total of 63 patients were included in the study. The median age range was 40 (14-63) years old. In terms of the induction therapy regimen, 52 cases received R-DA-EP (D) OCH, and the remaining 11 received R-HyperCVAD/R-MA. Sixteen (25.4% ) patients achieved partial response in the mid-term efficacy assessment, and ten of them were evaluated as complete response after transplantation. The median follow-up was 50 (8-112) months, and the 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate were (83.9±4.7) % and (90.4±3.7) % , respectively. Univariate analysis demonstrated that age-adjusted international prognostic index ≥2 scores was a negative prognostic factor for OS (P=0.039) , and bone marrow involvement (BMI) was an adverse prognostic factor for OS (P<0.001) and PFS (P=0.001) . However, multivariate analysis confirmed that BMI was the only independent negative predictor of OS (P=0.016) and PFS (P=0.001) . Conclusions: The use of dose-enhanced immunochemotherapy in combination with ASCT as first-line therapy in the treatment of young, high-risk aggressive B-cell lymphoma results in good long-term outcomes, and BMI remains an adverse prognostic factor.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Autologous
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2090-2097, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826437

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#TOSO, also named Fas inhibitory molecule 3 (FAIM3), has recently been identified as an immunoglobulin M (IgM) Fc receptor (FcμR). Previous studies have shown that TOSO is specifically over-expressed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, the functions of TOSO in CLL remain unknown. The B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling pathway has been reported to be constitutively activated in CLL. Here, we aimed to investigate the functions of TOSO in the BCR signaling pathway and the pathogenesis of CLL.@*METHODS@#We over-expressed TOSO in B-cell lymphoma cell lines (Granta-519 and Z138) by lentiviral transduction and knocked down TOSO by siRNA in primary CLL cells. The over-expression and knockdown of TOSO were confirmed at the RNA level by polymerase chain reaction and protein level by Western blotting. Co-immunoprecipitation with TOSO antibody followed by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (IP/LCMS) was used to identify TOSO interacting proteins. Western blotting was performed to detect the activation status of BCR signaling pathways as well as B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2). Flow cytometry was used to examine the apoptosis of TOSO-over-expressing B lymphoma cell lines and TOSO-down-regulated CLL cells via the staining of Annexin V and 7-AAD. One-way analyses of variance were used for intergroup comparisons, while independent samples t tests were used for two-sample comparisons.@*RESULTS@#From IP/LCMS, we identified spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) as a crucial candidate of TOSO-interacting protein and confirmed it by co-immunoprecipitation. After stimulation with anti-IgM, TOSO over-expression increased the phosphorylation of SYK, and subsequently activated the BCR signaling pathway, which could be reversed by a SYK inhibitor. TOSO knockdown in primary CLL cells resulted in reduced SYK phosphorylation as well as attenuated BCR signaling pathway. The apoptosis rates of the Granta-519 and Z138 cells expressing TOSO were (8.46 ± 2.90)% and (4.20 ± 1.21)%, respectively, significantly lower than the rates of the control groups, which were (25.20 ± 4.60)% and (19.72 ± 1.10)%, respectively (P < 0.05 for both). The apoptosis rate was reduced after knocking down TOSO in the primary CLL cells. In addition, we also found that TOSO down-regulation in primary cells from CLL patients led to decreased expression of BCL-2 as well as lower apoptosis, and vice versa in the cell line.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TOSO might be involved in the pathogenesis of CLL by interacting with SYK, enhancing the BCR signaling pathway, and inducing apoptosis resistance.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 839-843, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771875

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and therapeutic responte of patients with B-CLPD mainly manifested as cytopenia, so as to deeply understand this disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 13 B-CLPD patients with hematocytopenia as main manifestation, and the absolute count of lymphocytes<5×10/L, absence of hepatosplenic lymph-nodes and extramedullary invasion tin our department fron 2003 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics, therapeutic efficacy and adverse reactions of 3 patients were summarized.@*RESULTS@#The median age of patients was 59 (43-76) years old, the median of lymphocyte was 1.86 (0.69-4.8) ×10/L, the levels of LDH and β2-microglubulin were normal in most patients, the monolineage and multilencage hematopoietic failure of different degrees existed in most all patients. The lymphocyte ratio in patients was 18.5%-94.0%, CD20 was positive in all patients, and yet the CD5-positive and CD-negative existed in 7 and 6 cases respectively. There was no significant difference in ratio of lymphocyte invasion among different immunophemtype. The FISH detection showed that there were no high risk genetic types. 92.3% of patients received rituximab treatment, most of them received chemotherapy of rituximab combined with C0P/CHOP like regimen, only 2 patients received fludarabine for comparatively short course. The analysis indicated that 8 out of 13 patients showed a certain theropeutic efficacy, however the drug-related hematopoietic suppression occurred in both 2 patients treated with fludarabin.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The B-CLPD accompanied with hematocytopenia often displays bone marrow hypohematopoiesis of different degree and easily confuses with the congenital and acquired hemotopoietic faiture diseases. The rituximab treatment may be more appropreate for these patients, but for patients received chemotherapy containing fludarabin, the persistant hematopoietic failure must be especially watched out.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD20 , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , B-Lymphocytes , Cyclophosphamide , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab
6.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 800-805, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327745

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of rituximab in treating chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Methods The clinical data of CLL patients receiving fludarabine,cyclophosphamide±rituximab (with or without rituximab) regimen or cyclophosphamide,vincristine,and prednisone±doxorubicin±rituximab regimen in our hospital from March 2000 to February 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Therapeutic efficacies and survivals of patients treated with different regimens were evaluated and compared. Results The complete response (CR) rate and the overall response rate (ORR) in 72 patients (43.6%) treated with rituximab were significantly higher than those treated without rituximab (38.9% vs. 21.5%,P=0.015;83.3% vs. 60.2%,P=0.001). The median PFS and OS for patients treated with rituximab were 53.0 (27.0-79.0) months and 112.0 (81.1-142.9) months,and the median PFS and OS for patients treated without rituximab were 28.0 (18.3-37.7) months and 89.0(72.0-106.0),but the results were not statistically significant (P=0.094,P=0.109). According to the cytogenetic features,patients were further divided into high-risk subgroup (with chromosome 17p deletion or 11q deletion) and non-high-risk subgroup. And in the high-risk subgroup,the ORR of patients treated with rituximab was 86.4%,which was significantly higher than that in patients treated without rituximab (53.3%)(P=0.012);in the non-high-risk subgroup,the PFS was marginally prolonged in patients treated with rituximab,but the difference was not statistically significant(P=0.050). Conclusions Compared with traditional chemotherapy,the chemoimmunotherapies with rituximab result in higher CR rate and ORR in CLL patients. In patients without 17p deletion or 11q deletion,the use of rituximab can marginally prolong PFS.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 761-765, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271923

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the cytogenetic abnormalitis in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL) patients with bone marrow involvement and their influence on prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Conventional karyotyping was performed on bone marrow specimens in 47 DLBCL patients with histologically confirmed bone marrow involvement(BMI). The karyotyping results of bone marrow, the characteristics and clinical effect of chromosomal abnormalities were analysed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 47 DLBCL cases with BMI, the chromosomal abnormalities were detected in 25(53%) cases. Among them, complex karyotype was more frequent, being noted in 19(40%) patients. The most frequently involved chromosomes were chromosome 1 and 18(both 26%), others were chromosome 3(23%), 6(19%), 7, 8 and 14(13%). Among all karyotype changes, the most common numerical aberrations, in decreasing order of incidence, were trisomy 3(13%), trisomy 5, trisomy 7, trisomy 12, trisomy 18 and loss of 21(6%,each), and the most predominant structural aberrations, in decreasing order of incidence, were 1q+(17%), 1p+, 6q-, 8q+, 14q+, 18p+, 18q+ and aberrations involving band 2p21-p23 (6%,each). The prognostic impact analysis of both clinical features and cytogenetic aberrations revealed that IPI≥3 (P=0.03) or the presence of chromosomal abnormalities (P=0.005) were significantly related with poor progression free survival(PFS), and IPI≥3 (P=0.024), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH)≥ three times of the upper limit of normal (P=0.027) and the presence of chromosomal abnormalities (P=0.001) predominantly related with poor overall survival(OS). In multivariate analysis, the presence of chromosomal abnormalities was the only independently adverse factor for PFS(P=0.037, HR 2.323) and OS(P=0.015, HR 2.833). The analysis of prognostic effects of specific chromosomal aberrations showed that patients with specific cytogenetic abnormalities of 1q+, 8q+, +12, 12q+, 18p+ and aberrations involving band 2p21-23 had significantly poor PFS, and patients with specific cytogenetic abnormalities of 1q+, +3, +5, +7, 8q+, +12, 12q+ and aberrations involving band 2p21-23 had significantly poor OS. When the above mentioned specific chromosomal aberrations were analyzed with clinical covariate, the presence of chromosomal aberration of 8q+ (P=0.022, HR 2.701) and IPI≥3 (P=0.043, HR 2.949) were independently poor prognostic factors for PFS, and 1q+ (P=0.032, HR 2.973) was the independently poor prognostic factor for OS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In DLBCL patients with BMI, the presence of chromosomal abnormalities is the only independently poor factor for PFS and OS, and among them, the specific cytogenetic aberrations of 8q+ or 1q+ have an independently poor prognostic impact on PFS or OS, respectively, which need to be further studied.</p>

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 135-142, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303185

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The established clinical staging systems (Rai/Binet) of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cannot accurately predict the appropriate treatment of patients in the earlier stages. In the past two decades, several prognostic factors have been identified to predict the outcome of patients with CLL, but only a few studies investigated more markers together. To predict the time to first treatment (TTFT) in patients of early stages, we evaluated the prognostic role of conventional markers as well as cytogenetic abnormalities and combined them together in a new prognostic scoring system, the CLL prognostic index (CLL-PI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Taking advantage of a population of 406 untreated Chinese patients with CLL at early and advanced stage of disease, we identified the strongest prognostic markers of TTFT and, subsequently, in a cohort of 173 patients who had complete data for all 3 variables, we integrated the data of traditional staging system, cytogenetic aberrations, and mutational status of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (IGHV) in CLL-PI. The median follow-up time was 45 months and the end point was TTFT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median TTFT was 38 months and the 5-year overall survival was 80%. According to univariate analysis, patients of advanced Rai stages (P < 0.001) or with 11q- (P = 0.002), 17p- (P < 0.001), unmutated IGHV (P < 0.001), negative 13q- (P = 0.007) and elevated lactate dehydrogenase levels (P = 0.001) tended to have a significantly shorter TTFT. And subsequently, based on multivariate Cox regression analysis, three independent factors for TTFT were identified: advanced clinical stage (P = 0.002), 17p- (P = 0.050) and unmutated IGHV (P = 0.049). Applying weighted grading of these independent factors, a CLL-PI was constructed based on regression parameters, which could categorize four different risk groups (low risk [score 0], intermediate low [score 1], intermediate high [score 2] and high risk [score 3-6]) with significantly different TTFT (median TTFT of not reached (NR), 65.0 months, 36.0 months and 19.0 months, respectively, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study developed a weighted, integrated CLL-PI prognostic system of CLL patients which combines the critical genetic prognostic markers with traditional clinical stage. This novel modified PI system could be used to discriminate among groups and may help predict the TTFT and prognosis of patients with CLL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Metabolism , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Diagnosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Mutation , Prognosis
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1754-1758, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332616

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence rate of hepatitis B virus(HBV)and hepatitis C virus(HCV)between aggressive and indolent B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL), and to compare the different infection rate of Hepatifis Virus between the 2 groups.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Integrated clinical information of 733 newly diagnosed indolent B-NHL patients and 148 aggressive B-NHL patients from January 1994 to January 2014 was retrospectively analyzed. The difference of hepatitis virus infection was compared between the 2 groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive rate of HCV-Ab was 1.8% in 881 newly diagnosed B-NHL patients. The HCV prevalence was 1.9% and 1.35% in the indolent and aggressive B-NHL group respecitvely. Compared with general population, the HCV positive rate was significantly higher in the whole B-NHL group and the indolent group(1.8% vs 0.4%,1.9% vs 1.4%)(P<0.01), while it was not significantly different in the aggressive group (1.35% vs 0.4%)(P=0.068). The positive rate of HCV-Ab was not significantly different between the indolent and the aggressive group (1.9% vs 1.35%)(P=0.639). The HBs-Ag positive rate in the whole B-NHL group was 9.0%, which was significantly higher than that in the general population (9.0% vs 7.2%)(P<0.05). The positive rate of HBs-Ag in the indolent and aggressive B-NHL group was 7.9% and 14.2%, respectively. It was significantly higher in the aggressive group than that in the indolent one (14.2% vs 7.2%)(P<0.01). Compared with the general population, the aggressive group had significantly higher prevalence rate of HBV. However, it was not significantly different between the indolent group and the general population (7.9% vs 7.2%)(P>0.05).In the aggressive B-NHL group,the co-expression of HBs-Ag,HBe-Ag and anti-HBc-Ab was 4.4%, which was higher than that in the indolent one (4.7% vs 1.2%)(P<0.01). However, compared with the indolent group, the co-expression of HBs-Ag, anti-HBe-Ab and anti-HBc-Ab was not significantly different in the aggressive group (5.5% vs 6.1%)(P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The HCV is more relevant with indolent B-NHL, the HBV has more relevance with the aggressive patients.</p>

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1309-1313, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274045

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of splenic marginal zone lymploma (SMZL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 91 cases of SMZL admitted in our hospital from January 2002 to March 2013 were enrolled in this study. The clinical characteristics and immunophenotypes were summarized, and the clinical therapeute response and prognostic factors were analyzed statistically.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median age of 91 patients was 56 (28-79); all the patients displayed splenomegaly with 73.6% of large spleen, hepatomegaly (14.6%) and lymphadenophathy (28.2%); the bone marrow involvement was observed in 98.9% patients, the B symptom was found in 47.1% patients. The positive expression of CD20 was observed in 100% patients, the positive expression of CD5 was in 8.3% patients, the positive expression of CD23 was found in 47.6% patients, no specific antigen was observed by now for SMZL. The clinical treatment showed that total ORR was 87.7%, CRR was 53.8% in chemotherapy group, chemotherapy combined with rituximab showed a better response than that of chemotherapy alone, which ORR was 100%, CRR was 72.4%, the difference between them was statistically significant. The Hb < 120 g/L, elevated LDH level and treatment without rituximab were the poor prognostic factors for PFS, while the elevated LDH level was related with OS of patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The patients with SMZL often display splenomegaly, involvement in bone marrow and absence of specific immunophenotypes. Chemotherapy combined with rituximab can definitely improve the outcome of SMZL. The Hb level, LDH level and treatment combined with or without rituximab seem to be related to the prognosis of the disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Bone Marrow , Pathology , Immunophenotyping , Liver , Pathology , Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Prognosis , Rituximab , Therapeutic Uses , Spleen , Pathology , Splenic Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 839-843, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272103

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical and laboratory characteristics and survival of Chinese patients with T- cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eleven patients with T-PLL admitted in our hospital from Jan 2006 to Oct 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 11 patients, nine were males and two females, with the median age of 56.0(19-69) years old. All the patients, except for three, presented with leukocytosis. The incidence of hyperleukocytosis (1/11) was less frequent than that in the British series (75%) (P=0.000). Lymphocyte counts in peripheral blood were increased in 9 of the 11 patients with the median absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) of 17.22(0.58-148.83)×10⁹/L. Superficial lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly were the most common physical signs. It was common that serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and beta 2 microglobulin(β2-MG)were higher than normal level. All cases were positive for CD2/CD3/CD5/TCRαβ, negative for CD1a /HLA-DR and TdT, and most of them were strong positive for CD7 expression. By chromosome analyses, most cases. (9/10) have normal chromosome. This rate is significantly higher than that of the British and American series (3% and 25%, respectively) (P=0.000, P=0.001). The 14q11 abnormality and trisomy 8q, which are common among Western cases, were not observed in any of our cases. With a median follow-up of 23.0 months, three patients died. Two year progress free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 53.3% and 50%, respectively. There were 3 patients with PFS over a number of years, whether it should be considered as the T-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (T-CLL) is worthy of further studies.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The common clinical manifestations of T-PLL patients were increased lymphocyte counts and lymphadenopathy as well as splenomegaly. And most cases have high level of blood LDH and β2- MG and normal chromosome karyotype.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Marrow Examination , China , Leukemia, Prolymphocytic, T-Cell , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 383-388, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235442

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a chemoimmunotherapy regimen of rituximab, fludarabine and cyclophosphamide (FCR) for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 26 CLL patients receiving FCR regimen in our hospital from April 2003 to January 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were grouped according to indicators including Rai risk stratification, β(2)-MG, LDH, ZAP-70, CD38, cytogenetics and immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region gene (IgVH) mutation status. Therapy efficacy and survival were evaluated and the safety of FCR regimen was assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 26 patients, the overall response rate ( ORR ) was 76.9%, 10 patients (38.5%) achieved complete remission(CR) and 10(38.5%) partial remission(PR). With a median follow-up time of 30 ( 3-98 ) months, the median estimated progression-free survival(PFS) for all patients was 42(16-68) months and median overall survival(OS) was 63(41-85)months. Clinical parameters associated with higher CR rates were <2 courses of prior treatment regimens, proportions of bone marrow lymphocytes declining ≥ 50% after 2 courses of FCR, low LDH, low β(2)-MG and ZAP-70 negative (P = 0.014, 0.008, 0.027, 0.035 and 0.013, retrospectively). PFS and OS time in minimal residual disease(MRD)-negative, normal LDH and proportions of bone marrow lymphocytes declining ≥ 50% after 2 courses of FCR patients were significantly better than that of the control group (P<0.05), PFS in the non-high-risk genetics group was significantly better than that in the high-risk genetics group (P = 0.005), while OS between two groups showed no statistically significant difference. The most common toxicities were gastrointestinal reactions (88.5%), followed by bone marrow suppression (80.8%): including neutropenia, anemia and thrombocytopenia. Infections accounted for 30.8%, mainly lung infection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FCR is an effective and well-tolerated therapy for patients with CLL. Patients with MRD-positive, elevated LDH, proportions of bone marrow lymphocytes declining<50% after 2 courses of FCR and high risk genetics patients are suitable for more effective treatment after achieving treatment response.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Cyclophosphamide , Follow-Up Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Drug Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab , Treatment Outcome , Vidarabine
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 917-921, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278466

ABSTRACT

Chromosome 13q14 deletion is one of the most common cytogenetic abnormalities in multiple myeloma (MM). LSI (locus-specific identification)-RB1 (13q14.1-14.2 region) and LSI-D13S319 (13q14.3 region) probes are usually used to detect 13q14 deletion. The aims of this study was to compare the incidence of chromosome 13q14.1-14.2 and 13q14.3 deletion and to detect 13q14 deletion size and number of involved cells in MM patients. The chromosome 13q14 region was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization using probes LSI-RB1 and LSI-D13S319 in plasma cells of 112 MM patients. The results showed that 47.3% (53 out of 112) MM patients had both LSI-RB1 and LSI-D13S319 13q14 deletion (cut-off value: 7%), and the deletion rates detected by probes LSI-RB1 and LSI-D13S319 were accordant. The positive rates of 13q14 deletion were 46.4% and 47.3% respectively when the cut-off level was increased to 20%, and the corresponding rate was 98%. MM patients carrying 13q14 deletion showed 18% - 98% (median value: 72.5%) and 22% - 98.5% (median value: 76.5%) of deleted nuclei involving the RB1 and the D13S319 locus (P = 0.38). There were 67.9% (36 out of 53) and 66% (35 out of 53) cases carrying > 65% of 13q14.1-14.2 and 13q14.3 deleted nuclei as high proportion deletion patients, respectively (P = 0.188). The positive rate of the high proportion deletion patients had still no difference between LSI-RB1 and LSI-D13S319 groups when the cut-off value was defined as 85% (P = 0.439). In conclusion, in this cohort of 112 MM patients, there was no significant difference between the LSI-RB1and LSI-D13S319 probes to detect 13q14 deletion. Both LSI-RB1 and LSI-D13S319 probes can be selected to detect 13q14 deletion in MM patients. All the 53 MM patients with 13q14 deletion had deletions of 13q14.1-14.2 and 13q14.3 regions, which is a large deletion as one of the important characters in MM patients with 13q14 deletion.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13 , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Multiple Myeloma , Genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 556-560, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278377

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression level of SOX11 mRNA in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and other B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) and its prognostic value in MCL.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression level of SOX11 mRNA in 80 B-NHL patients were determined by real-time quantitative RT-PCR, GAPDH was used as internal control. The dispersion of SOX11 expression ratio of groups with different prognostic factors was described by Mann-Whitney U test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The SOX11 mRNA expression level was 2.90 (0.75 - 4.63) in 80 B-NHL patients, and the expression level was significantly higher in MCL than that in other B-NHL (P = 0.014). The SOX11 expression level was statistically lower in the group of MCL with hyperleukocytosis, 12 trisomy, MYC amplification and therapeutic effect < PR (P = 0.042, 0.013, 0.028, 0.009) than that of MCL in other group. But SOX11 expression was not associated with MCL international prognostic index (MIPI) (P = 0.333), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (P = 0.790), ATM mutation (P = 0.865) and P53 deletion (P = 0.116). The progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were significantly longer in the MCL patients with high level of SOX11 than that of other MCL patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There was statistically significant differences in SOX11 mRNA expression between MCL with other B-NHL. SOX11 maybe a good prognostic factor in MCL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gene Expression , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Genetics , Pathology , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , SOXC Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 34-37, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252018

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the cytogenetic characteristics of B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL) with bone marrow involvement, and to explore the clinical significance and prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 126 B-NHL patients with bone marrow involvement diagnosed in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Chromosome banding analysis was performed after 24 h culture.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The B-NHLs included were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) 38.9% (49 cases), lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) 19% (24 cases), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) 16.7% (21 cases), follicular lymphoma (FL) 9.5% (12 cases), marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) 8.7% (11 cases) and small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) 7.1%(9 cases). (2) Chromosome aberrations (CA) were detected in 52 of 126 patients (41.3%) by conventional cytogenetics (CC), including clonal CA 38 cases, and non-clonal CA 14 cases. Ploidy levels in 38 clonal CA cases were pseudodiploid (57.9%), hypodiploid (15.8%) and hyperdiploid (26.3%). The incidence of chromosomal abnormalities among DLBCL, MCL, MZL, LPL, FL and SLL was 73.4%, 38.1%, 36.4%, 8.3%, 8.3% and 11.1%, respectively. (3) Clonal CA, CA more than two kinds, and CA of chromosomes 2, 3, 9, 11, 17, 18 and 20 were associated with shorter overall survival (OS) in DLBCL. More than two kinds of CA and CA of chromosome 3, 13 were associated with shorter OS in MCL.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The incidence of CA was higher in aggressive lymphoma than in indolent lymphoma. Complex CA were quite common, and some specific CA might have prognostic significance.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Marrow , Pathology , Chromosome Aberrations , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Classification , Genetics , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 529-532, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251495

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the overrepresentation of specific gene segments of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (IgVH) among unmutated and mutated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients and its prognostic implication.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Multiplex PCR was used to identify the expression of IgVH segment and its mutation status in CLL.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Analyses were successfully performed in 80 of 85 samples. Marked skewed IgVH families were disclosed. The most commonly used VH was VH3 (40.0%), followed by VH4 (30.0%), VHI (13.8%), VH2 (10.0%) and VH5, VH7 (2.5%). Fifty-six patients (70.0%) had mutated VH, 24 (30.0%) unmutated VH. Nine cases (11.3%) were with 100% germline sequence. Fifteen cases (15/24, 62.5%) in VH4, 29 (29/32, 90.7%) in VH3, and 4 (4/11, 36.3%) in VH1 had mutated VH. The most frequently used IgVH gene was VH4-39 (13.8%), and VH4-34 (8.8%). J4 (36/66, 54.5%) and D3 (25/66, 37.8%) were the most frequently used in J and D genes. The progression-free survival (PFS) was 82 and 17 months (P = 0.000), and the overall survival (OS) was 90 and 41 months (P = 0.009), respectively, for mutated and unmutated cases. Recurrent CDR3 sequences were found in our patients and 2 patients with VH1-69 had CDR3 sequences highly similar to those reported in literature.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There is difference in IgVH gene segment usage and mutational status in different area CLL patients. Recurrent CDR3 sequences were found in specific IgVH gene segments, which highlights the importance of immunoglobulin mediated stimulation in the development of CLL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , DNA Mutational Analysis , Gene Rearrangement, B-Lymphocyte, Heavy Chain , Genes, Immunoglobulin , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Immunoglobulin Variable Region , Genetics , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Mutation
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 656-659, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251479

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of microRNA-155 and microRNA-146a in the CD19(+) B cells of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL), and to analyze its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood (PB) (78 cases) and bone marrow (BM) samples (9 cases) from 53 CLL patients, 13 MCL patients, 19 SMZL patients, and 12 healthy donors were collected. Mononuclear cells were isolated and B cells were purified with a CD19(+) magnetic-bead system. Total RNA was extracted from purified CD19(+) cells and microRNAs expression were measured using the TaqMan microRNA quantitative PCR. The results combined with the clinic data of patients were analysed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The expression of microRNA-155 in CLL (4.49 ± 0.83) was significantly higher than in MCL (3.83 ± 0.45) and SMZL (3.80 ± 0.61) (P < 0.05); (2) The level of microRNA-146a in SMZL (3.81 ± 0.59) was significantly higher than in CLL (2.58 ± 0.90) and MCL (2.27 ± 0.88) (P < 0.01); (3) The level of microRNA-155 was significantly higher in IgVH unmutated patients than in mutated patients in CLL (P = 0.012); (4) The microRNAs expression had no statistical difference between two prognostic groups in CLL.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>(1) The expression of microRNA-155 and microRNA-146a is different in malignant lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD); (2) Deregulation of the microRNAs expression might play a critical role in the pathogenesis and prognosis in the LPD.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Genetics , Pathology , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Genetics , Pathology , MicroRNAs , Metabolism
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 54-58, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244986

ABSTRACT

This study was to aimed investigate the influence of immunomagnetic sorting on detecting the genetic aberrations of multiple myeloma (MM) by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and to explore the detection method suitable to use in our country. The genetic aberrations of immunomagnetically sorted and unsorted bone marrow cells from the same MM patients were detected by interphase FISH and the detectable rate of genetic aberration was compared. The types of probes included 13 q14 (RB-1) and 14q32 (IGH). The 42 and 22 sorted and unsorted marrow samples from MM patients were detected by using 13q14 probe and 14q32 probes respectively, the results indicated that the 13q14 deletion was found in 9 of 42 (21.4%) unsorted marrow samples and in 25 of 42 (56.8%) CD138(+)-sorted marrow samples. The 13q32 rearrangement was found in 7 of 22 (31.8%) unsorted marrow samples and in 14 of 22(63.6%) CD138(+)-sorted marrow samples. Both of the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.001 and p = 0.035 respectively). Percentages of cytogenetic alterations detected in unsorted bone marrow cells correlated positively with percentage of plasma cells tested by bone marrow smears or flow cytometry. When percentage of plasma cells tested by bone marrow smears exceed 50%, or by flow cytometry exceed 10%, there was no difference between 2 methods. It is concluded that immunomagnetic sorting of CD138(+) cells increases the probability of detection of the 13q14 deletion and 14q32 rearrangement in bone marrow samples. The low detectable rate of genetic aberration in unsorted bone marrow cells is associated to the low percentage of plasma cells in bone marrow samples, higher percentage of plasma cells can partly overcome the shortage of unsorted detection method. When percentage of plasma cells tested by bone marrow smears exceed 50%, or by flow cytometry exceed 10%, there was no difference between 2 methods.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cytogenetic Analysis , Methods , Immunomagnetic Separation , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Genetics
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 208-212, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328542

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Imatinib on patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase and to analyze its influencing factors. 85 patients received Imatinib mesylate at a dose of 300-600 mg orally per day, and were evaluated for hematologic, cytogenetic, and molecular responses. The results showed that the median follow-up was 21 (range 9 - 78) months. Cumulative complete hematological remission (CHR) rate was 100%, major cytogenetic remission (MCyR) rate was 80%, complete cytogenetic remission (CCyR) rate was 67.1% and complete molecular remission (CMoR) rate was 36.4%. The median time to complete hematological remission (CHR) was 1 (range 1 - 3) month, to complete cytogenetic remission (CCyR) was 6 (range 1 - 24) months. The estimated overall survival rates for patients who received Imatinib for 1, 2, 3 years were (98.7 +/- 1.3)%, (96.5 +/- 2.5)% and (90.1 +/- 6.6)% respectively. The estimated progression-free survival rates at 1, 2, 3 years were (97.6 +/- 1.6)%, (96.1 +/- 2.2)% and (90.0 +/- 1.4)% respectively. The CHR, MCyR and CCyR between low risk, intermediate risk and high risk groups according to the Sokal scoring system and between primarily treated and retreated groups all had no difference. The overall survival of patients who achieved MCyR or CCyR was better than that in patients only achieved hematologic remission (p = 0.026), but there was no significant difference in progression-free survival between them. Univariate analysis for efficacy of Imatinib mesylate revealed that WBC count < 100 x 10(9)/L (p = 0.024), Hb level > or = 130 g/L (p = 0.036), and peripheral basophil count < or = 0.05 (p = 0.024) before therapy were independent favourable factors for achieving MCyR or CCyR. It is concluded that the patients with CML in chronic phase treated with Imatinib can achieve the best hematologic remission and higher cytogenetic remission, it should be considered that the imatinib is a drug of the first-line therapy for untreated and treated patients with CML.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Benzamides , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Drug Therapy , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Pyrimidines , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1505-1510, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332329

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a neoplasm of a terminally differentiated B-cell. Human myeloma cell lines were shown to be suitable model systems for use in various fields of the biological sciences. This study was aimed to investigate the genetic aberrations in human multiple myeloma cell lines. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with probes for the regions containing 13q14 (RB-1), 13q14.3 (D13S19), 14q32 (IGHC/IGHV) , 1q12 (CEP1), 17p13 (TP53) were was used to detect 7 HMCL and 85 cases of newly diagnosed MM. FISH with LSI IGH/CCND1 , LSI IGH/FGFR3 and LSI IGH/MAF probes were used to detect t(11;14) (q13;q32) , t(4;14) (p16;q32) and t(14;16) (q32;q23) in HMCL and MM with 14q32 rearrangement. The results showed that molecular cytogenetic aberrations were found in all 7 HMCL, six (85.7%) HMCL simultaneously had 13q14, 13q14.3 deletion. Chromosome 1q21 abnormality was found in six (33.3%) HMCL with at least 3 copies amplifications. Illegitimate 14q32 rearrangement was found in five (71.4%) HMCL, including one with t(11;14), two with t(4;14) and three with t(14;16). 17p13 deletion was detected in 5 HMCL. Chromosomal changes were observed in 85.9% of the 85 cases of newly diagnosed MM. The del(13), 1q12 amplification, del(17p), 14q32 rearrangement, t(11;14), t(4;14), t(14;16) were present in 44.7%, 52.9%, 20%, 62.4%, 27.1%, 24.7% and 3.5% of the patients respectively. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of genetic abnormalities of del(13q), 14q32 rearrangement, 1q12 amplification, t(11;14), t(4;14) except del(17p) and t(14;16). It is concluded that HMCL representative of the most aggressive phase of plasma cell neoplasms accumulated a large amount of genetic aberrations. Loss of p53 are strikingly common in HMCL suggesting that the impairment of the P53 tumor suppressor pathway is an important contributor to extramedullary tumor expansion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Marrow , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Chromosome Aberrations , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Multiple Myeloma , Genetics , Pathology , Translocation, Genetic , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Genetics
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