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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906397

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes of abnormal uterine bleeding associated with ovulatory dysfunction (AUB-O). Method:A clinical and epidemiological investigation was conducted in 6 688 patients with AUB-O from the provincial, municipal, and county/district hospitals in 29 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities across China to identify the distribution characteristics of their TCM syndromes. Result:The AUB-O patients nationwide were mainly differentiated into the kidney Qi deficiency syndrome (17.34%), the spleen Qi deficiency syndrome (13.25%), the Qi and blood deficiency syndrome (12.62%), the Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (8.45%), and the kidney Yin deficiency syndrome (6.88%). AUB-O resulted from Qi deficiency, Yin deficiency, and blood deficiency, often involving the kidney, spleen and liver. The analysis of the regional distribution of TCM syndromes in AUB-O patients revealed that kidney Qi deficiency, spleen Qi deficiency, and Qi and blood deficiency were the shared syndromes. However, due to regional discrepancy, the TCM syndrome varied widely from one geographic region to another. The kidney Qi deficiency syndrome was more frequently seen in North China, Northwest China, Southwest China, and East China, but less frequently in central China, Northeast China, and South China. The spleen Qi deficiency syndrome occurred most frequently in central China, while the East China had the highest frequency of Qi and blood deficiency syndrome. The spleen and kidney deficiency syndrome was mostly present in central China, North China, and Southwest China, the Qi deficiency (kidney deficiency) and blood stasis syndrome in Northwest China, South China, and North China, the kidney Yin deficiency syndrome in East China, Northwest China, and Northeast China, the deficiency-heat syndrome in Southwest China and East China, the kidney Yang deficiency syndrome in South China, the liver depression and blood heat syndrome in Northeast China, and the liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome in central China. The diagnostic criteria for the kidney Qi deficiency, spleen Qi deficiency, Qi and blood deficiency, Qi deficiency and blood stasis, and kidney Yin deficiency syndromes were not significantly different from the previous ones. The distinctive symptoms for the kidney Qi deficiency syndrome were irregular vaginal bleeding, heavy menstrual flow, or shortened menstrual cycle, back soreness and pain, and forgetfulness, while those for the spleen Qi deficiency syndrome mainly included the shortened menstrual cycle, mental fatigue, lack of strength, poor appetite, loose stool, and white tongue coating. The Qi and blood deficiency syndrome were mainly manifested as the shortness of breath, laziness to speak, pale complexion, dizziness, and palpitation. The Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were mainly judged by the scanty menstrual flow frequently or occasionally accompanied by blood clots, mental fatigue, lack of strength, and dark purple tongue. The ovulatory bleeding, dizziness, tinnitus, vexing heat in chest, palms and soles, and night sweat were the characteristic signs for the kidney Yin deficiency syndrome. Conclusion:There exist certain rules in the geographical distribution of TCM syndromes of AUB-O patients, which has provided a reference for the clinical treatment of AUB-O in accordance with the local conditions.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777447

ABSTRACT

Standard decoction of medicinal slices has gradually acquired the height of researcher,government and enterprise for approval. And much consensus are increasingly reached. But there are lots of problem needing further discussing.This article summaries the published literature about standard decoction of medicinal slices in recent 3 years. And clarifies the origin of standard decoction of medicinal slices,explain the definition. The study status of standard decoction was reviewed and further analyzed in detail. And then the application fields of standard decoction of medicinal slices are listed. Combined with the research examples of groups,the problem in the study of standard decoction of medicinal slices was discussed. And relevant suggestions are put forward. All this is expected to provide reference in standard decoction research,the quality criterion o of formula granule and study of classical traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) excellent prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Reference Standards , Research
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773173

ABSTRACT

The quality constant evaluation method was applied in the grade evaluation of Scrophulariae Radix pieces. Nineteen batches of Scrophulariae Radix were measured for the appearance index. Harpagide and harpagoside were taken as index components for the content determination. The traditional grading standard and the modern quality control index were combined to calculate the quality constant and grade Scrophulariae Radix pieces. The results showed that the quality constants ranged between 156. 75 and 491. 65; according to the percentage mass constants,more than 80% were graded as first-class pieces,50%-80% were graded as second-class pieces,and the rest were graded as third-class pieces. The quality constants of first-class Scrophulariae Radix were >393. 32,that of second-class Scrophulariae Radix was between 245. 83 and 393. 32,and that of third-class Scrophulariae Radix was < 245. 83. The study shows that this method can objectively,reasonably and effectively classify Scrophulariae Radix pieces,and further promote and apply the evaluation method of slice model quality constant to prove the rationality,scientificity and practicability.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Scrophularia , Chemistry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850763

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical constituents and its anti-inflammtory activity effect of Phyllanthus emblica. Methods: The chemical constituents of P. emblica were isolated and purified by silica gel column chromatography, ODS column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography and recrystallization method. Through their spectra data, physical and chemical properties analysis, the structures of those compounds with high content were identified. LPS-induced RAW264.7 inflammatory cell model was established to evaluate the effect of compounds in P. emblica on proinflammatory factors (NO, IL-6, TNF-α, and MCP-1) of RAW264.7 inflammatory cells. Results: Totally, 14 compounds were isolated from P. emblica. and idetified as isovanillic acid (1), trans-cinnamic acid (2), p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (3), coniferyl aldehyde (4), quercetin (5), kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnose (6), naringenin (7), 2-hydroxy-3-methyl phenylpropiolate (8), hydroquinone (9), myricetin (10), 2-furoic acid (11), methyl gallate (12), protocatechuic acid (13), gallic acid (14). The experiment of anti-inflammatroy effects showed that those compounds had different inhibitory effects on the production of inflammatory factors NO, IL-6, TNF-α and MCP-1. Conclusion: Compounds 1, 3, 4, 8-11 and 13 are isolated from P emblica for the first time. The anti-inflammatory effect of P. emblica is related to its phenolic acids.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775329

ABSTRACT

The plants of Bletilla are one of the groups in Orchidaceae with the highest economic value. As the traditional Chinese medicinal material, Bletillae Rhizoma exhibits excellent efficacy in hemostatic, antibiosis, detumescent, anticancer activities and regenerating tissue to heal wound, which has great development potential. However, Bletillae Rhizoma is mainly collected from wild resources. At present, the quantity of wild resources of Bletilla plants has sharply decreased and is far from meeting the needs. Resource appraisal and breeding and cultivation of excellent germplasms of Bletilla plants are important for scientific utilization of the resources of the genus. This paper reviewed the following researches of Chinese Bletilla resources: species and distribution, genetic diversity, active ingredient evaluation, breeding, as well as seeding production and cultivation techniques. Suggestions were also provided in further researches on the resources evaluation, sustainable development and efficient utilization of Chinese Bletilla plants.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hemostatics , Orchidaceae , Plant Breeding , Plants, Medicinal , Rhizome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To observe the effects of glycogen synthase 3β (GSK-3β) in the regula-tion of NLRP3 inflammasome activation after acute myocardial infarction (MI) in Sprague Dawley(SD) rats. METHODS Ligation of the left anterior descending (LAD) in SD rats was used to establish an acute myocardial infarction model. SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=10, each group):sham group,MI group,and MI+SB group:the GSK-3β inhibitor(SB216763)was given 1 h by intrave-nous injection(0.6 mg·kg-1·d-1)before surgery.The serum and heart tissue were collected to measure lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and IL-1β content and mRNA and protein levels of NLRP3, ASC, Cas-pase-1,IL-1β and GSK-3β after 2 days and 7 days operation,respectively.RESULTS The serum levels of LDH and IL-1β in the MI group were significantly higher than those in the sham group(P<0.01),and the MI+SB group was obviously lower than the MI group(P<0.01).In addition,mRNA and protein levels of NNLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1β and GSK-3β expressions in MI group were clearly increased (P<0.01) compared with those in sham group.These indicators were significantly decreased in SB+MI group (P<0.01). Interestingly, the indicators were all higher at 7 days than 2 days. CONCLUSION GSK-3β inhibition induces cardioprotection via attenuating the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome after the acute myocardial infarction in rats.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695889

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture plus medication in treating chronic pelvic inflammatory disease. Method By using the random number table, sixty-eight patients with chronic pelvic inflammatory disease were randomized into an acupuncture-medication group of 34 cases and a medication group of 34 cases. The clinical efficacies were compared after 2 courses of treatment, and the symptoms and body signs scores and syndrome score of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were also compared. Result There was a significant difference in comparing the therapeutic efficacy between the acupuncture-medication group and the medication group (P<0.05). After the treatment, the symptoms and body signs scores and TCM syndrome score dropped significantly in both groups (P<0.05), indicating that the two groups both had improvement in the symptoms, body signs and TCM syndrome; there were significant between-group differences in comparing the score differences in the symptoms and body signs scores and TCM syndrome score after the treatment (P<0.05), and the acupuncture-medication group was higher than the medication group. Conclusion Acupuncture plus medication can better ameliorate the symptoms and body signs and TCM syndrome in chronic pelvic inflammatory disease.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693719

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of Lai's acupuncture therapy combined with Chinese herbal decoction for the treatment of infertility with ovulatory dysfunction, and to summarize the experience of Professor Lai Xin-Sheng in treating infertility. Methods Ninety-six infertility patients with ovulatory dysfunction were randomized into treatment group and control group, 48 cases in each group. The treatment group was treated with Lai's Tongyuan acupuncture therapy for regulating Governor Vessel to tranquilize mind, inducing meridian Qi to original Qi, and was also given oral use of Chinese herbal decoction of Lai's Yiyun Recipe for promoting gestation. The control group was treated with Chinese herbal decoction alone. The treatment began exactly after the completion of menstruation period and lasted 15 days for one treatment course, covering 3 courses. And then the patients of the two groups were followed-up for 3 months. Therapeutic effect and pregnancy rate were evaluated after treatment, serum levels of estradiol and progesterone were examined, and abdominal ultrasonography was used for monitoring the maximum diameter of the dominant follicles and endometrial thickness before and after treatment. Results (1) Three cases from the treatment group and 5 cases from the control group were dropped out, and the final case number in the treatment group and control group was 45, 43 respectively. (2) The total efficiency of the treatment group was 88.9%, and that of the control group was 81.4%. The effect of the treatment group was better than that of the control group (P < 0.05). (3) The pregnancy rate of the treatment group was 73.3%, higher than that of the control group (51.2%), the difference being significant (P < 0.05). (4) After treatment, the maximum diameter of the dominant follicles and endometrial thickness in the two groups were obviously improved(P < 0.05 compared with those before treatment), and the improvement in the treatment group was superior to that in the control group (P < 0.05). (5) After treatment, the serum levels of estradiol and progesterone in the two groups were obviously improved(P < 0.05 compared with those before treatment) , and the improvement in the treatment group was superior to that in the control group(P < 0.05). Conclusion The therapeutic effect of Lai's acupuncture therapy combined with Chinese herbal decoction is superior to that of Chinese herbal decoction alone, showing an obvious synergistic effect by shortening the course of treatment and enhancing pregnancy rate.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690546

ABSTRACT

To prepare standard decoction of Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex pieces, establish quality standards, and provide reference for evaluating the quality of formula granule of Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex. 15 batches Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex pieces in different levels of quality were collected from market. The standard extraction process was used to prepare the standard decoction, and then the transfer rate of the index components berberine and phellodendrine was calculated to measure dry extraction ratio and pH value. So the method for Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex's fingerprint and content determination of index components was established. The result revealed that the extraction ratio was from 12.81% to 19.41%, with an average value of 16.54%. The transfer rate of berberine was at the range of 36.4%-56.6%, with an average value of 48.9%. The transfer rate of Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex piece was at the range of 47.5%-83.3%, with an average value of 63.1%. The pH value was between 5.2 and 5.9. The Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine TCM (2012A) was used to analyze and compare the fingerprint and the similarity between the fingerprint of formula granule of Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex and the reference fingerprint was over 0.9. The preparation method in this paper showed good precision, stability and repeatability in fingerprint analysis, suitable for quality evaluation of Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex pieces standard decoction.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690544

ABSTRACT

To build the quality standard of processed Cinnamomi Cortex standard decoction and provide quality reference for Cinnamomi Cortex formula granules. Fourteen batches of Cinnamomi Cortex standard decoction pieces were prepared according to the preparation requirements for standard decoction of Chinese herbal medicine containing volatile oil. With cinnamaldehyde as the quantitative index, the transfer rate and extraction rate were calculated; pH value was determined and HPLC fingerprint analysis method was established. By the measurement of 14 batches of standard decoction, the transfer rate ranged from 25.0% to 68.4%; the extraction rate was at a range of 3.7% to 10.1% and pH was 3.72 to 5.48. Then the Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine (2012A) was used to analyze and compare the fingerprints. Four common peaks were determined and three were identified including coumarin (peak 1), cinnamic acid (peak 2) and cinnamaldehyde (peak 3). Moreover, the similarity was 1.0. This study established an HPLC fingerprint analysis method of processed Cinnamomi Cortex standard decoction. The method showed good precision, stability and repeatability in fingerprint analysis, with significance in identification.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690543

ABSTRACT

To prepare the standard decoction of Moutan Cortex, and research its quality standard. According to the preparation principle of standard decoction of Chinese herbal medicines, the extraction conditions were optimized, and the 14 batches of standard decoction of Moutan Cortex were prepared. The content of paeonol was determined by HPLC; the transfer rate was calculated; and the extraction rate, pH value and the fingerprint of the decoction were determined. The results showed that the transfer rate of paeonol in the standard decoction of 14 batches of samples was at the range of 43.9%-67.3%; the range of extraction rate was 22.0%-38.7%, and the pH value range was 3.98-4.77. At the same time, the fingerprints of 14 batches of Moutan Cortex standard decoction were established; 9 common peaks were determined, and the similarities were more than 0.9. The preparation method in this study was standardized with good reproducibility, and can be used for the preparation and quality standard of standard decoction of Moutan Cortex, providing reference for the quality evaluation of Moutan Cortex dispensing granules.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714229

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Previous western studies have found Caucasians with skin cancer, either melanoma or nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), have an elevated risk of second primary cancer. Our objective was to assess the risk of second primary cancer in Taiwanese with NMSC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By using data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we conducted a population-based cohort study to assess the risk of incident second primary cancer in Taiwanese affected by NMSC. RESULTS: We identified 505 subjects with NMSC and 2,020 matched controls. After adjustment for potential confounders including age, sex, urbanization, and Charlson Comorbidity Index, people who had NMSC had a 1.43-fold (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05 to 1.96) risk for the development of second primary cancer as comparedwith control group. Menwith NMSC had a 2.99-fold (95% CI, 1.00 to 9.10) risk for second primary cancer involving the lip, oral cavity, and pharynx and a 3.51-fold (95% CI, 1.21 to 10.17) risk for second primary cancer involving the genitourinary organs when compared to the control group. By contrast, women with NMSC did not have an increased risk of second primary cancer. CONCLUSION: This study revealed Asians with NMSC have an increased risk of second primary cancer. Our findings can be a useful reference for health care for people diagnosed with NMSC.


Subject(s)
Asians , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Delivery of Health Care , Female , Humans , Lip , Melanoma , Mouth , National Health Programs , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Pharynx , Skin Neoplasms , Skin , Urbanization
13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 61-64, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812809

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association of the polymorphisms of the gene of estrogen receptor α 1 (ESR1) with the risk of hypospadias in children of Northeast China.@*METHODS@#This study included 95 hypospadias patients aged 3.2±0.6 years and 105 children aged 3.1±0.7 years as normal controls. Using PCR and gene sequencing, we determined the genotypes of the polymorphisms of ESR1 rs2077647 and rs6932902 in the two groups of subjects.@*RESULTS@#The results of PCR and gene sequencing showed statistically significant differences in the genotype and allele frequency distribution of the polymorphisms rs2077647 (χ2 = 8.552) and rs6932902 (χ2 = 16.251) (P<0.05) in the hypospadias and control groups. The hypospadias patients, in comparison with the normal controls, exhibited a markedly higher frequency of the SNP C allele in rs2077647 (OR = 1.410 [1.130-1.759], P<0.05), but a remarkably lower frequency of the SNP G allele in rs6932902 (OR = 2.263 [1.503-3.408], P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rs2077647 and rs6932902 polymorphisms of the ESR1 gene are associated with the risk of hypospadias, and so is its haplotype in children in Northeast China.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Child, Preschool , China , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Genetics , Genotype , Haplotypes , Humans , Hypospadias , Genetics , Male , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256048

ABSTRACT

To prepare Cinnamomi Ramulus pieces standard decoction and establish its quality standard, provide quality reference for formula granules and other clinic non-traditional forms of medicines, and lay a foundation for standard decoction research for the pieces containing essential oil. 14 batches of Cinnamomi Ramulus pieces with different quality were collected from market and their extraction process was further improved based on the preparation principle of standard decoction to prepare the standard decoction of Cinnamomi Ramulus pieces. Then its transfer rate of Cinnamaldehyde, dry extract rate and pH value were calculated to evaluate its process stability; and a method for chromatographic fingerprint and content determination was also established. Results revealed that the dry extract rate for standard decoction of Cinnamomi Ramulus pieces was from 6.06%-8.95%, with an average value of 7.18%; the transfer rate of cinnamaldehyde was at the range of 29.6%-54.3%, with an average of 43.2%; and the pH value was at the range of 4.33-4.82. The fingerprint similarities between 14 batches of standard decoction of Cinnmomi Rammulus pieces and reference fingerprint were all>0.9. The established method for standard decoction was stable and its quality standard was perfect, suitable for evaluating the quality of standard decoction of Cinnanomi Ramulus pieces.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279899

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the bacterial pathogenic characteristics of respiratory tract infection in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The medical data from 14,994 children with respiratory tract infection who were hospitalized in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University between November 2005 and October 2014 were retrospectively reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 14,994 sputum samples from the children with respiratory tract infection, 3,947 (26.32%) had a positive bacterial culture. The most common bacterial pathogen was Streptococcus pneumonia (12.79%), followed by Haemophilus influenzae (5.02%) and Moraxella catarrhalis (2.91%). The bacterial detection rates differed significantly in different years and seasons and children of different ages (P<0.01). The children who had not taken antibacterial agents before admission had a significantly higher positive bacterial culture rate than those who had taken antibacterial agents (P<0.01). There were significant differences in the bacterial detection rate among the children with different course of disease (<1 month, 1-3 months and >3 months) (P<0.05). The detection rates of Streptococcus pneumonia, Moraxella catarrhalis and Acinetobacter baumannii showed an increased trend with a prolonged disease course (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Streptococcus pneumonia is the most common bacterial pathogen causing respiratory tract infection in children, followed by Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis. The detection rate of bacterial pathogens varies in different years and seasons and children of different ages. The course of the disease and application of antibacterial agents outside hospital can affect the detection rate of bacterial pathogens in children with respiratory tract infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Bacteria , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Respiratory Tract Infections , Microbiology , Seasons , Time Factors
16.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 645-651, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280314

ABSTRACT

To optimize the immunization strategy against HIV-1, a DNA vaccine was combined with a recombinant vaccinia virus (rTV) vaccine and a protein vaccine. Immune responses against HIV-1 were detected in 30 female guinea pigs divided into six groups. Three groups of guinea pigs were primed with HIV-1 DNA vaccine three times, boosted with rTV at week 14, and then boosted with gp140 protein at intervals of 4, 8 or 12 weeks. Simultaneously, the other three groups of animals were primed with rTV vaccine once, and then boosted with gp140 after 4, 8 or 12 weeks. The HIV-1 specific binding antibody and neutralizing antibody, in addition to the relative affinity of these antibodies, were detected at different time points after the final administration of vaccine in each group. The DNA-rTV-gp140 immune regimen induced higher titers and affinity levels of HIV-1 gp120/gp140 antibodies and stronger V1V2-gp70 antibodies than the rTV-gp140 regimen. In the guinea pigs that underwent the DNA-rTV-gp140 regimen, the highest V1V2-gp70 antibody was induced in the 12-week-interval group. However, the avidity of antibodies was improved in the 4-week-interval group. Using the rTV-gp140 immunization strategy, guinea pigs boosted at 8 or 12 weeks after rTV priming elicited stronger humoral responses than those boosted at 4 weeks after priming. In conclusion, this study shows that the immunization strategy of HIV-1 DNA vaccine priming, followed by rTV and protein vaccine boosting, could strengthen the humoral response against HIV-1. Longer intervals were better to induce V1V2-gp70-specific antibodies, while shorter intervals were more beneficial to enhance the avidity of antibodies.


Subject(s)
AIDS Vaccines , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Animals , DNA, Viral , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Guinea Pigs , HIV Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , HIV-1 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunization , Methods , Vaccines, DNA , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Vaccinia virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , env Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
17.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013; 29 (5): 1288-1289
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-193715

ABSTRACT

Miller Fisher's syndrome [MFS] commonly presents in the fourth and fifth decades and are rare in people over 70 years. An 85-year-old female with no significant medical history presented with upper extremity anesthesia, ptosis, and unsteady gait. The patient had a history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Physical examination showed bilateral total external ophthalmoplegia, areflexia, and cerebellar ataxia. Radiological and laboratory studies were unremarkable. Lumbar puncture showed albuminocytological dissociation. The combined history, physical examination, and lumbar puncture results established a presumptive diagnosis of MFS. Intravenous immunoglobulin was given for 5 days. The patient gradually improved 10 days after the onset of symptoms. Ophthalmoplegia had fully recovered after 6 months. To the best of our knowledge, this case represented the oldest patient with MFS

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232229

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the median values for second trimester biomarkers in Weihai region, and to assess its value for improving the performance and efficiency of prenatal screening.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and free beta human chorionic gonadotropin (Free beta-hCG) were determined for 24 400 pregnant women at 105 to 146 gestational days. A regression equation was derived after adjusting for different gestational ages. The median values were further adjusted with body weight.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median values of AFP and Free beta-hCG were respectively 6% and 24% higher than those embedded in a 2T software. After adjusting with gestational age and weight, there is a significant difference in multiple of the median (MoM) of serum biomarkers between local population and that embedded in the 2T model.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>To establish the median values for different gestational ages for local region may help to improve the efficiency of prenatal screening.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomarkers , Blood , Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human , Blood , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Blood , Reference Values , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322452

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of combinative therapy of tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and PI3-K-Akt inhibitor on the growth and apoptosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells and underlying mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>With cell growth assay, flow cytometric analysis and Western blotting, the effects of TRAIL and PI3-K-Akt special inhibitor (LY294002) on cell growth, apoptosis and related proteins expressions in CNE-2 cell lines were studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>When concentrate of TRAIL>1 ng/ml, viability rate of cells in combinative treatment group with TRAIL and LY294002 was higher than that in the single treatment group with TRAIL (all P<0.05). When concentrate of TRAIL were 10 ng/ml and 100 ng/ml, the combinative treatment induced CNE-2 apoptosis more obviously than single treatments (t were 7.167 and 7.206, all P<0.05). The combination group showed more cleavage of Caspase-8, Caspase-3, Caspase-9 than single treatment groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Combinative application of TRAIL and PI3-K-Akt pathway inhibitor inhibits the growth of CNE-2 and induces apoptosis. The mitochondrial dependent pathway is implicated for the underlying mechanism.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Carcinoma , Caspases , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Chromones , Pharmacology , Humans , Morpholines , Pharmacology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Pathology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand , Pharmacology
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 706-710, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244182

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the relationship between serum and monocyte-derived-macrophages secreted adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (A-FABP), adiponectin (or A-FABP/adiponectin ratio) and coronary artery disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three hundred and forty subjects underwent coronary angiography (CAG) were classified into CAD group (n = 211) and non-CAD group (n = 129) according to the CAG results. The severity of coronary artery stenosis was assessed by the numbers of involved coronary artery branches and the sum of the Gensini scores. Fasting venous blood was collected from all subjects and peripheral monocytes were isolated from 20 subjects (10 selected from each group with age-, gender-, and BMI-matched). Peripheral blood monocytes were obtained and stimulated into macrophages with PMA, cell culture supernatant was collected. The concentration of serum/supernatant A-FABP and adiponectin levels were assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) A-FABP levels tended to be higher in CAD patients compared to non-CAD subjects [18.3(13.2, 22.8) µg/L vs. 16.4(13.5, 20.4) µg/L, P = 0.088]. The concentration of adiponectin in CAD group was significantly lower than those in non-CAD group [13.9 (9.8, 17.1) mg/L vs. 19.7 (14.5, 27.6) mg/L, P < 0.05]. (2) The A-FABP levels increased and the adiponectin levels decreased as the number of stenotic vessels increased. Gensini scores were positively correlated with serum A-FABP (r = 0.120, P = 0.043) and inversely correlated with adiponectin (r = -0.405, P = 0.007). (3) The difference in A-FABP/adiponectin ratio was more prominent between subjects with CAD and subjects without CAD [(1.51 ± 0.79) µg/mg vs. (0.89 ± 0.30) µg/mg, P < 0.01] and there was a stronger positive correlation of Gensini score to A-FABP/adiponectin ratio(r = 0.531, P = 0.000). (4) Monocyte-derived-macrophages from patients with CAD had higher A-FABP/adiponectin ratio than that in patients without CAD [(0.51 ± 0.19) µg/mg vs. (0.36 ± 0.11) µg/mg, P < 0.05].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Increased levels of serum A-FABP and reduced levels of adiponectin in CAD patients serves as a novel biomarker for the severity of the coronary stenosis. A-FABP/adiponectin ratio is superior to A-FABP or adiponectin alone on predicting CAD risks.</p>


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Metabolism , Adiponectin , Blood , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins , Blood , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
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